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■A/HAT IT IS
Tfca Star lari aaddathaLfat ItapKUly k* ZSZZ'Z K^rir ^VBassase duohKaa^cwnpxt; aatiaap W*MaataTriireyt rindr “•**■***• to at aad MarfaUa Hm tilth 8 (tout com it perfectly Mad and ataooU, very htom Md apaUt af holding aa atn Wtyt Ant amount aftlktUnt ana hr uteri and the hat caa b» Mfataad and locted acariy mb only oaehaad—merely thro* the prw>* on the bandit caatia hto oat of the lour bala ia the ride of lha real llit /urauhari ttapfrie with acitna and hooka, ready to he at lacbed whtrrm datired. Priori $1.80 IFnmlam Haw 11m Sur KmI will Im pant for $1.*0, or for ) onn-yaar aub> Mriptlona. or for I aii-montka aubacriptiona to tbo NATIONAL NEWS 440 S. Dearborn St Chicago, III Sabscription Ratss: $1.00 a Ysar, 6 Months SO Cants. ■«= ■ -■ ■ ■ ■■ Shumate Razors HAVE A KNOWN'VALUE ' Price $2.00 i Sent for 3 One-Year Subscription* ‘T'HE sale and use of Shumate Razori is nation-wide. * They we brine told today by 32,000 dealers. They have beta edvertind extensively lor over 30 yean in the feeding publication. Their Ugh quality and ako their telling prices are irmly wt.Mlehed in the Mads of the vast majority of American men. An abeohits ’ guarantee it attached to each meat seal ape* the rvenpf rf prut i, er lie tfuieUenr NATIONAL NEWS I! CHICAGO? ill! I i NEW FACTORY BUILDINGS | •L Louis, Mo.—The Oxark Cooper end Lumbar Co., of St. Louis, hoa •*pi*te<t plana for the erection of a ■ffl ot Truman, Ark., to root about fUMoo. Munrie. lad.—Plana have been ■■da for tha erection of two new fcrtory buildings by the T. W. War ■» Mfg. Co. of this city, which are ■ eoot at laaat 9100,000. Pboeport, III.—It la staled upon •»od authority that tha Illinois Cen M Railroad Company will spend at Mast 1700.000 in Freeport next spring ■■ imprevamenta at tha Freeport dicago.—Plans for tha erection of • immense acid manufacturing plant ta West Hammond to supply war and <*»estic demands hare been formu Mtad by a group of Chicago cap Baliatx. Cincinnati, O.—The Cincinnati Con Comjiany waa incorporated recently at Columbus, O.. with o capitalisation of <100.000. Tha plant will be located la St. Bernard, O. and the output ■III be conAned to cans and metal ^ecialtiaa. Youngs town, O. -It is intimated ia ■•ral atoel circles that the Republic l**m A Steel Company will erect a "•d and wire mill at lainaingvilla within the year 1918, if the present Plans are earned out. Sheet mills are ■bo talked of. Toledo. O.—The Klactric Auto-Lit* Co ia to hare a new three-story rein forced cotwrete building. The build ing inspection department has grant ed a permit for the construction of the building at the approximate coat of 973,000. It will be located at 120# ttlt Champlain street. Poustown, Pa.—The McClintic Mar shall Structural Company of this city has completed plana for a 11.000.000 extension of its already large plant here. Work will atari immediately on the erection of an up-to-date factory that will be complete in itaelf and in dependent of the present works of the concern hare. Detroit. Mich. The Studebaker cor poration let contracts on their three ■ory brick and ateel factory building la be erected at Plant No. 3, West Jefferson and Clark avenues, aa fol lows. mason, Putnam. Moore A Broom; ateel. American Bridge Co.; carpenter. Batts A V»iv-lluu», roof ing, Kennedy A Dawson. » Danville, Pa.—Announcement waa made recently that Charles M. Schwab has secured control of the Danville Structural Tubing Company, and that a new steel mill to cost $600,000 will be erected on the ground purrhaaed near the plant. Canton, O.—The new induatries committee of the (Chamber of Com fi erce announced Wednesday arrange r nts had been completed for the lo ation here of the Ohio Motor Manu fsnoring Company, a concern with a capita) stock of $600,000, formed for the purpose of manufacturing engines for automobile trucks and tractors and also for aeroplane and marine purpoaes. Grand Rapids, Mich —A party of Grand Rapid* and Ionia men, with Gen. Fred W. Green of the Ypsilanti Reed Furniture Company at the head, have incorporated the Grand Rapids Varaiah Company, with $60,000 cap ilal. The company will commence op erations early in December It will make all kinds of varnish that can be uaed in connection with the furniture industry, a vast quantity of which is purchased annually from Detroit and Cleveland companies. Joliet, III.—Eatenaive additions to the plant of the Bates Machine Com pany, Henderson avenue and Jackson street, were announced recently. The plans call for an espenditure of up wards of $100,000 to meet the de mands for the company’s products. W. O. Bates, president of the com pany, issued the announcement. Suc res* of the Bates Steel "Mule,” a tractor for farm use, is the primary cause of the officials' decision to In crease the rapacity of the plant that is expected to permit the construction of 2,000 machines during 1916. Richmond, Va.—From apparently reliable information, it appears that there has been no let-up in the devel opment of the E. 1. du Pont de Ne mours Powder Company's plant at Hopewell. The construction work on the sulphuric acid plant is being rushed with all the speed possible, and the character of the new build ings are of a more permanent nature than those erected during the first si* months that the plant waa in opera tion—immediately following the out break of the war in Europe. Addi tional starks are being erected for the power house of B plant A |JP ••••♦♦♦♦•♦444 444"44 ♦ mud ON LIgIRTY. i I ___ — • l ™» ta OO onrintutlon In the ♦ ♦ country more truly represents- 4 4 tire of tbe demornttic free Ideals 4 ♦ of Americanism than Iba trade 4 4 union moventeoi. which la baaed 4 ♦ “iwo funds mental concepts of 4 4 liberty atnl equal opportunity 4 4 and seeks In bring to to tbe Here 4 ♦ U tba tananaa of thn people tbe 4 4 ad rant ana and epporiuuitiaa 4 4 that must be iludm if they are 4 ♦ to continue lo grow and develop. 4 4 —Samuel tiompera o ♦ 4 EDUCATINGJTHE ALIENS. Amariun hcheele Thrown Open to I Candidate* Far Citixenehip. Throughout the country the plan of (be bureau of naturalisation of tba United States department of labor ta eallat I be co-operation of public schools Id lbs eduratloa and Americanisation of Candida tea fur clttaenablp Is reede log tbs moat gratifying support Ap proximately ku cities and towns bars already Joined In tbls nation wide educational movement aud tbls num ber to Increasing dally Tba magnitude of this work and Its development slave IU Inception are •Down la part by tba territory covered, •be aamber of candidates for rlttaan ehlp reached and tbe night and day schools wbl< h have been established for Ibelr lust no tloa. It la tba Inten tion of tho bureau of aataralliatloa to communicate with all applicants far ritlxenablp lu the United States wher ever they are to be foond. aud to ae rate tba opening of claaaee for thorn. During tbe current scholastic year all aupeiioteDdeata of arhoola wham rlosses may be forr-ed will receive monthly from lb# bureau tba same, address, age. nationality sod other esc ewory lnformatloo concerning each alien residing within their Jurisdiction who flies ■ d.vUretiota of le ten tloa or petition for Datura lire tloa la this manner Iba school a at bod doe •re enabled lo get ta teach with soeb applicants and agord tbom valuable assistance In preparing for dttasoship. lo oddltloo lo this tbs bureau Informs each applicant for dttoenahlp that bio name baa lieeo forwardod to tba edu cational authorities, adrtaw him to go to school and I >0 lata oat tho boned ta lo be derived from such attendance Tbe bureau la also working ta class co-operation with rations patriot Ik and civic bodies of tho conn try to aoemre tbe opening of public night schools where there are none. Tbe wives of oil podtlaoara for note rallaattoa are also ad vised to attend school for tho reason that tboy derive clttaenablp whea tbatr baa bo ado ob tain their goal papers, and because, too. sorb taetroettoa will materially old the (Ssally to Urn as Americans live. II boa bean foond that opproxt mately two not of ovary three podtten ore for aotarallaattan ore married, and It la toward tba Rnproronaant of tho borne life and roadmans that tbto phase of tbe movement to especially directed. Tbe records of tba bureau of no tarsi I tat Ion show ibat since tho commence meat of the school year oa Oct 1 noti on lions have been sent tn approxi mately ♦Mast declarants. 30,000 peti tioner* and 15.000 wives of petitioner*, and each day hundreds are added to tba Mat _ WANT SIX HOUR WORKDAY. building Trade* a# tba Ananas* Fed eration of Labor to Invaatigata. Resolutions providing for ■■ taqnlry to determine when ■ aU hour day can be ret* tilt*bed la plaoa of aa tight hour day and not ting certain craft* from tba bonding tradaa department of the American Federation af Labor ware can.hlrred by tba raaolaUoaa committee of tbo depart meat at baa Franetacu The alt liour day waa otarad aa tba only remedy for condition* cauaad by the Invention and perfection of ma . blurry ‘'making It iarraaaiagly bardar b>r working |ieo|ila to cantlnoa In ■trady employment, aa abowa by tba large number of ntomployad at all time* of tba year." A definite report at tbo aaxt conven I too waa aaked Uphold light Maor Law. Tba IHatrtct of I'MambU court af ap peal* ha* refuaad to raelaw tba dacl don of a lower court la tba coaa af a drew*maker wba waa toad far vtoMt ing the IHatrtct waamati sight boar law. pavuil by tba la«t caagiaaa. iiim m mm 111 i!j Tba Wiltrcaae* untaa af Boston pro tasta again.t a wage aralr that forma them to depend oa ttpa far aa allot •ace Tba atrlkr of Michigan Caatral rail road clerk* ban Iwea aettlad Federal and at ate mediator* aaalated the Inter rated partlr* In reaching an agreement William I-auuer. aacreiary of the (llaaa Bottle Itlowefu' aaaorlatloa. dloi recently at Buffalo I We rated waa electnl accrelary of the glaaa bottle blowers In ItH and held that otter contlnuouali »lnce that time. Tbr llronm Muter*’ uulon baa organ lard every abop In nttalmrgb The frelglit handler* on the Boston and Albany and the Rorton and Maine railroad* have returned to work after art era I ■atlafv. tory cuaferencea with ottetala FWCTMtS OF WWIKWFIR VNvs of Hi Editor if to Stoi Norton’ dmiL II IITEREST OF UNITY. Pa /manta ef fits* and Daath Bsnadto Mainly Far the Purpna ef filrangtk anin* tha Organism an—An Akkad Incantiva to Kaa. tka Mamkaraki. In Oaad Standing Idat there l* some miaou- rplloa la ibe rnlnda of tba members aa lo tba lni« functions of tba IwoeQla paid by tbla unloa, wa daalra to otitlloa our .oiKcpiiou of tba relation of tba fra irruai beuellU paid to our mam bora, lu tbe Aral placo wa wlab to aay that II waa never Intended that tbla unloa ■bould be purely a alck aad death beaellt society- Wa wish to make this atatrmeut for tbe Information of car ta In members wbosa chief purpose In bcl»uglng to tbe unloa norms to bo to draw alck benefit. This tiulou was nevar Intended le as 1st for Its benefits, but oo tbe contrary tbe lieneOte were mated and provided for with tbe purpose ef strengtbenlag the uuloo lu other words. Instead of tbe uulou nerving beneficial purpooaa aa a prime object, the object was that tbe benefit plans should further aad serve tbe Interest of tha salon Tbe object la aatobttahlac and main taining the sick and denth benefits waa to toko enrs of tha nsrdy mon bers in Mchneaa nnfi to fiaath Thar* are so many wags aarnara, rapsctally •object to dlaaaaa or whs become ran down la health, tha shipwrecks of In dustry who need aatortann. that It devolve, upon tha trade union to help them. Prior to the adoption of high daea and beaadta by this aaloa la tha year dried to shoe worker, who ware Inc. larltated from wart by atrkaeaa waa la estreme caaea. and then only by popular subscription. Tha popular rah script loo plan meant that whan tha alck mamber waa papular be was as sisted—perhaps—bat If he had not won friends whs waald tabs tha true bis to behalf he was ptoofisd into dmtMattoa wit boot aid Moraover. tha aabarriptlan ptoa plan af ragelar I ad. In this ualea,' dnaa, payment la and ■mount af tick and that w. tin, and aa If a with la tba l«w of tha ergnnlaatkm tha ■ember has a right to the benefits pro vided. aad It la ast charity la aay Bat still It moat ha remembered that the benefits wet. created Air the mem ber. with tbe mala purpose la mind of strengthening tbe union by taking cat. of He member, la distress and thus ce menting the membership together mar. strongly. It waa Intended as an added Incentive for members to keep them selves In good standing with the aaloa ao that Ibe union might be stronger la •wring for ibe Interests of the member* la tbelr everyday wage working life. Now. while tbe member that has paid dues aad becomes legitimately sk-h aad pats In a call strictly la accord with oar laws aoveralag slch benefit and the rales governing tbe same la en titled lo the amount of alck benefit pro vided. aad tbe iialeu wants to pay It becanee It waa ao la loaded, when slch clalaaa that are manufactured or fraad oleat aw prescared for payment It Is traaaaaahls to the lateresta of tha aaloa aad all of Ita members, becanee k men as nothing more nor boa than a raid upoa the aatoa treasury and a sapping of Its financial resources by .Swarthy mamber. Provided the claims are Just, there le ao disposition to quarrel over tbe amount. Tha mors the union pays out on Just claims the better It Is. but there la as reason why alck rlalma should multiply to dull tlmaa It mar ha dlatreaelag to be out of employment, but to aay that lack of employment amken twkw as-many member, sk-h le carrying H ■ little fhr. We want to war. tbe member, of tbla union against permit flag aa undue Increase of ak-k claims due principally lo the fact Ibal more member* are at any time out of work He mem her Hat tbe benefit! were created for tbe anal. ore of tbe nnkm and that tt was never in tended that the union should be sacrl fired to Ita IwueDta or to unworthy rlalma on the aatue Labor'* Tw# Amti. "Orfiiilnul labor «an not ad*ano* h? tb* rout rotation uf < rim*.' «*td John U Iaatoo tu a aiieeeh In rnrhlo, t'olo "Bdiiralton and moral courage are the two great a»%om of our raua*. Aa yet all tailoring men hate not (he moral rotiruge to Htnml up and demand that their right* lie «-on*ldered Hut a new era la dawning and through the** two aaaetn we will win ** Wadrwad Raites Wag** Amerhan Federation of lvihor Or ganlter Flytm haa i»*»ttn«*t Secret an Frank Vlorriaio tfcat oouferenoe* with the motive power department of the rheaapeak* and Ohio mllroad haa re atilfed In *e« a ring wage Inrrwaae* of I rent au hour for all abop l*t«»rer* on that ayatem ♦ • ! ♦ TNI THUS UNIONIST. ♦ !♦ — ♦ i ♦ Many a workingman who N • , ♦ extremal? re re fa I a boot Saving • i ♦ the onion label la Ms hat fur- « 1 • gets it to far more important la • | ♦ here the light kind of label la • ♦ hla heart, Par “aa a maa think ♦ ♦ eth la Ida heart so Is toa." That's • ♦ Serin ore, aad there's aa doubt ♦ ♦ It'e true. And what a moo to d ♦ Is pretty sure to bo revealed In ♦ ♦ hla talk, hla walk, hla ha ode. • ♦ hla fare, bla eyes. bis life. AU ♦ ♦ this In a tnau will make a pretty • ♦ good steed label, and you don't d d hare to dig down Into bla rlutbea d d or lift the band of bla bat to toll d d what manner of man bo to.— d d Industrial Weekly. d d d PRINTERS MAKE GAINS. Secure Increased Wagaa In Various Cities of the Country. Secretary Treasurer lloys of the la leroatlonal Tyiugrapbkral union an nounioo the following recent golne: Itayton. O, three years’ contract with 122.50 per weak for day work tha drat rear. $23.50 tha aacond year aad 124 tha third year. The sight rats la 125.00 Brat year. WOO second and S2T third. The union alao aacurea control of apprentices, with acale for them. Sapulps. Ukla., Increases wages S3 per week for foremen, operators aad floor meo aad 1200 far mar bln 1st-spec atom. Sioux City, la, hoard of arbitration has ruled that after June I next year wages shall be Increased $1 a week fur a period of two years Perth Amboy, N. J, secures three year coo tract with aa Increase of BO cents a week each year. Ithaca. N. T . sororaa Slfl a wash thto year aad BIT next year. Tha esrretary wtitee “Twelve yaara ago we wane working ten hoars a day fur BS a week.” Decatur, in., ratoss wagaa 2 cants aa bour for the next two years aad aa ad ditional 2 cents far the third aad fourth year. Syracuse. N. T, Inertness wages ef Job printers |IJ0 a week. GOOD PAY, GOOD WORK. Satisfactory Wagaa Laaeen the Cast ef Piuduetisn. It Is becoatlag rirngnlsed that tha good aui at high wagaa net only dssa more work peg Sellar of wages than lbs poor maa at lour wagaa, hot bettor work, la tha maat prosperous facte rtos aad those turning out the hlghsM grade ef prod net wa la variably Sad high grass. waU paid workmen, wtlb lo those factories which are -“•*-§ but little proBt aad whore tha wart to of a poor quality tha workman are usually poorly paid aaS of low grads Tha Btoagccoaafgl maaafactmror whaa this manor la potato* sot ta Mm toa often says that tha aorraaefal sweat can afford to Mra geoS aaoo at high wagaa hacanaa be la eoccaaafuL ffrt daaco seams to ladle*to. bewevar. that ha Is socceaefal beeaom ho htrm the good man at high wages aad that tha policy of paying satisfactory wagm baa coots than aay other Itaaa.—Haafy L Oaatt ta Knglneertag Magaalaa WOULD END STRIKE. Wilk—Were Rasing— Mm to Tgbg As lk« la Curt Virtually tba rati— Wyoming valley district of nurttangtorn Prauaylvaala. embracing the heart of tho aathraetto belt. Is suffering Industrial parelyeta as a r—alt of tba prolong— strtka of tho union trolley employe— sf the WUk—tar— Railway rnmpany. a beam coat—lied corporation, nparattag Me cars over 110 mil— ad tracks ladtattag from thla talal Arbttratioa tavtag failed, tba bualaaaa mea ha— aaltod to terminals lbs strike by a —art da ds tun The i tamtar of comma—a la rad— voting to bring to bear to rompal a i Tba trolley men a— Instating upas a flat a—la of wages, tba trscttaa tank pany upon tba payment sf a altdtog a—le radar either a—la the pay—0 would aversgu about tba asms. Jail Bar Strtka 1 aadara. Baatetx'— of all wraths ta prtoaa wo— recently imposed by Judas A. O. Payton at I’hlllppi W. Va.. an Mias Paanle Beilina. Jam— Oaken Prank Lovlnskl and FI tram fltevean f—ad gallty of contempt of —an la —aasc fton with ibe coal miners' strtka two >—re ago at t'ullla—, W. Va. They also must pay the —ato of prueecatioa. Each was credited with two months aad aftern daya served after thetrorlg Inal aentrnc— and befoto they app—I rd to a higher court. Tbs Opan flhappar An open eh. >p. the pis—, alas. Yoa fled ampiey — the "working a—" Ilia heed le weak. I.la back la at mag. Hie ley Is shark his hours are ha—. Hr • "Independent," TO of i.’urse, Si te the meek tlumh. driven bo—a r.mr chump, ho cannot r—Mm I'.mploirtra even hint dost—a He's ealiafhed and well content So Ions ea lie —n pay hla rent And lust emtet fvom day to day. That's ro*>d . icuah for such a let "No labor union St— for ms Ter I am independent' a—’" Employers pat him (to the beck And urge el. ng the braying "heck " An open shop le ehvrr you find , Tie heckward typa of humattklnd: ; ' >f being "free ' he likes to hlnw Weanwhlle he reaps e itere t.thera sow; lie furthers ewreteht.pa rr'tnt .Uses— And rede he ears ut-tn Me kne lt he has hrmlt e they're not on lop— | Huerelner of tho open shop r ■"Ml H » ret tn Keneaa City lab— Herald C. H. Rothgary, assistant store keeper of the Baltimore A Ohio at Cleveland, hat been appointed store keeper at l-orain, O.. vice H. J. Cobb, resigned. W. 0. Francis has heeii ap pointed assistant storekeeper at Cleveland. T. A. Pollejrs has been made tax commissioner of the Chicago A North Western, vice C. P. Crandon, retired, office at Chicago; Wm. Mueller, as siatant tax commissioner; H. P. Bar low, right -of way commissioner; C. A leggo, right of-way agent; office* at St, Paul, Minn W. M. Jcffor*, superintentlrnt of the Nebraska division of the Union Pacific at Omaha, Neb., ha* been appointed general superintendent, office at the *nmc place; (I. O. Brophy, superin tendent at Cheyenne, Wy j., ha* been appointed superintendent at Omaha; S. It. Toueey, assistant superintend ent of the Colorado division, has been I • ^ A W. Woodruff, trainmaster of th* j Union t'aciftc at lireen River, Wjro., | has been transferred to Ogden, Utah, where he assumes the duties of S. R. Toucey, promoted. Office of assistant superintendent at Ogdrn has been abolished R E. Brooks, chief dis patcher at (ireen River, Wyo., ha* been made trainmaster, vice Mr Woodruff. appointed iperintemtent at Chey ' enne. National NcwiaasgBe Mechani^GrigfcJhttjjjIIljw Premium Mi. I Rmilromd Men’* Bmg Sat ifclOall THIS cue hu a divided f*cin| el * one end for blow torch and ledpc net* el top cl grip for tray to carry drill*, beta. Ml part*, etc., d dnend. TWykananyhpaa at hat tom for heavy tool*, aw tenet ate. la addhtioa to leather handle, they are httod with loapa at each and for atrapa to pea* uadar the caee and aver the thauldar far i any we heavy load* Tray ht* luah la lap. IkMdl National News n s I a*..... mm... _ National Sfcavit Oitfit The belt Safety Baser on the marhK. AH Mai—aw nil boasd EwtoT—fctUtt Wttfc ■ gfcwwr Hank T Solid Comfort' ST ■ J.i — BS -7 — 1 _ MAILING LISTS Ws Pun1U1 MSfci Lists af U bar Orgai lUsatl—i We do all kinds of addressing— type-written addressed envelopes of secretaries of any and all labor organisations. We do Printing, Engraving, Electrotyping, Binding, Mailing and Addressing i Let ua furnish you addressed en ! velopes for your next circular letter —we guarantee prompt and effi i cient service. want roa ova rate* Utr NATIONAL NEWS the House or DISTINCTIVE PRINTING i 440 i. Dsarbora SL, - rhiaage, ■. - .. j J Price $2*00 Consisting of 7 guaranteed blades. Nicer. Handle shaving brush. Colgate ■having stick and heavy retnforcad knurled handle. Packed In a hinge-cover, barton fastener leatherette ease. inl aajffctu mi pr<—> •r tor I MfTwr, gr f gto wnfAi gals WATlioiuillEWI lltictoo V/'lLL 1 -| -- Mm MM, MM, M, mmUm SS mu, Se karri b* far the NATIONAL NEWS. Oas duller a year, St rents far ail ssaatka.