Newspaper Page Text
=,_A CLEARING HOUSE FOR IMPORTANT MEWS _ Con. No. 134. CHICAGO ILLINOIS, DECEMBER 24, ISIS Ono Dollar a Yoor, Sinflo Copito i Canto iCTRIC TEST BUTTE I c Locomotives Are Replace Steam Engines i«nt., lift. 21.—“There are mountains any more, was It made by Preaident A. J. the Chicago, Milwaukee A ladway, aa he stood at the Janney and watched the ric locomotives (talking up vim liutte with a heavily It. I official electric teat haa on the Milwaukee Railroad, e by locomotivea capable of Is :tb per cent heavier than 'i between Butte and Ana fact, it haa not yet ap ing loada three great Mil omotivea can pull. They ul that ia handed them and the hill with it without a struggle, aa smoothly and j roing on a level, and the , '<■ as much power when at he hill as when they start ottnm. The only question ■ how long a train ran be >nd the electric engines | sking in two. I ’ New Zealand Labor Conditions Are the* Best in the World Washington, D. C., Dec. 22.—Since the organisation of the Department of Labor in New Zealand in 1908, prac tical assistance has been afforded to 109,524 workers, with 141,346 depend ents. The number assisted during 1914 exceeded those for 1913 by 1,970, snd the system is very beneficial and popular. Millionaires and Wealth to Disappear, Says Mrs. Lillie Big Frisco Shops at Springfield, Mo., Working Overtime Springfield, Mo., Dec. 20.—Need of more motive power on the Frisco rail road because of the increased busi ness has caused the officials to in crease the hours at work of all men i *n the locomotive department, says a bulletin which wis posted in the Frisco new shops. Not only is the rush order to affect the time or work hours at the present, but the regular two weeks or more vacation enjoyed by the Frisco men at Christmas time every year has been cut down to one day this year. The extra time is added to the schedule of the men so that a large number of needed locomotives may be turned out. The big need of the Frisco, as of other railroads, is more motive power and more cars in which to haul the great quantities of freight that must be moved soon. The minimum time required to turn out a locomotive ordinarily from the repair shops is said to be about five hours. Many locomotives, however, require days in the repair shops. From this it would seem that tbs Frisco plans to pot a large number of the big machines in use. The order for overtime affects the men of the machinists, boilermakers and pipefitters* crafts. The car men, blacksmiths and ether departments are not required to work the overtime schedule. RAIUIOAO MEN MEETING IH CHICAGO Delegates From Every Road in United States Steel Mills at Duluth, Minn., Art Now in Operation Duluth, Minn., Dae. SO.—At nine minutes past 6 o’clock this morning the first steel made in Minnesota made its appearance at the Duluth steel plant Forty-six minutes Inter the steel ingots were being stripped from their containers in preparation for the soaking pits and at noon to day the first ingot thoroughly soaked was being rolled through the blooming mill. The process went off without a hitch at any point from the charging of the furnace at 6 o’clock last nigkt to the time the steel reached the clip pers back of the blooming mill. The manufacture of the first steel at the monster plant went smoothly enough to fulfill the fondest expectations of the officials. With a small sputter the steel was tapped into the monster 100-ton ladle at 6:0# o'clock. At 6:21 the final drop had been tapped from the furnace, and immediately the mammoth container was lifted by a 150-ton Morgan crane and conveyed to a point where the ingot cars were spotted. Here at 6:24 •’clock the first ingot was poured and nineteen minutes later the metal bad been poured into twenty-five Ingots. It was just twelve minutes later that the stripping machine in the pit furnace building bad stripped the firet of theoe ingots of its rxnitklami Tbs entire twenty-five ingots were toady to be dropped into the aonkh^ pMa thirty minutes after this prweeaa be gan. » ■_» . IK FRE|IT THE GRMU TRIM MUJHMO SHOPS Point St. Charles Can., Dec. 21.— At 11:46 an nvrrhsad gssaline teak in the tube shop of the G. T. R. shops, Point St Charles, exploded and aot fire to the shops, and also speuad to the blacksmith shop and later to the erecting shop. Inquiry from officials and worhsrt elicited the information that 1,600 men would be thrown out of work by the outbreak and that the fire is a most disastrous one for G. T. R. Thousands of dollars of loaa baa been caused and unfortunately much of the machinery, owing to srar, srill not ba replarable for a considerable time. This is specially true in tuba shop, where valuable tools for welding and other uses have been completely de stroyed. In the blacksmiths’ department it is much the same, the equipment nec essary for the work and the machin ery and tools are ruined. A* all manufacturers of these tools anil machinery kre busy it is hard to tell when the G. T. R. srill be able to replace them. Statement by Mr. Maver. A. A. Maver. superintendent works, stated they did not know the cause >f the fire, which started in the tube and went to the erection and from 1 thence to the b'acksmith shop Mr Maver expressed his opinion that the damage would be com para- < lively small as there araa little wood- i work in the- shops for the flamee to I feed upon. The shops will be closed this after ' loon hut will re-open tomorrow with 1 he large majority of the men. but the 1 ’ull staff will be at work on Monday. I Mr. Maver declared that there was I 10 gssoi.nr on the premises. He * could express no opinion on the cause 1 >f the tire, but added that an investi- 1 ration would be made. i STRIKE __ Out lor Him Days and Forced Bel line to Surrender. • Chicago, III., Doc. 20.—Settlement of the (trike of 600 employee at the Belt Railway of Chicago, which haa tied op 12,000 freight care, haa haaa The engineer*, firemen aad ewtteh mea inroleed war* ordered bach la work. Under the term* at the eettlemaat it ia agreed four aenrice traina—the caaae of the strike—be raa each way between the boon of I aad 2 a.m. aad 6 and 8 p. m. It deae net ptiol the men tiam appealing far a reattoa ahnld'the*bmitZt2mm‘ **-***' The thaaa daya* etrihe ia arid la mated at from OMjPe to 67M6R A the railroads made by the .riy wae 110.606- ********* AlCataaae Thoo* who ettendod the final car haeldee Attorney Aactia ware H. O. Hetxler, preaideat of tha Belt Rail way, aad I. H. BriahorhoR, (epofla teadoat The member* at tha cwadtba which reproaeated tha empieyea wore A. P. Whitney, rice pNaMnt at the Brotherhood at Railway Traiaaaaa, who rrpreooeted tho owtichmoa; Tha othy Shea, eeeioteat pmldiat at tha Brotherhood at EngfaMaea aad Phw men, representing tho firemaa; aad P. A. Burgee*, eaeiotaat grand chief of tho Brotherhood of Loeomotiea Ea rner*. Car fare 11 often advanced in order to help a person to get where work can he had. During 1914 the govern ment advanced $56,767.72 for that purpose, of which $48,416.81 was re funded. Also small sums are advanced for board, medical bills, etc., to tide over worthy cases. The department also builds homes for working people when their net earnings do not exced $851.63 per an num, which has done much to put the laborer in an independent position and able to take care of himself. This department also publishes a monthly journal that contains a large amount of useful information for the worker, rovering the cost of living in different localities, where work is most plentiful along certain lines, etc. The laboring man's condition in New Zealand is probably in advance of that enjoyed in any other part of the world. He is protected on all sidas, and if ha is any good, can make a fair living, and even own a home in a few years. Chicago, Dec. 2X.—"The time is very near at hand when there will be no superfluous wealth in this country —no millionaires, no paupers. “It may take a revolution to free this country from industrial slavery. Tyranny was crushed in 1776; Amer icans may rise again to put tyranny down in our republic.” This is the utterance of a woman possessed of a million dollars and the heiress to more millions—Mrs. Fran cis Crane-Lillie, daughter of the late Richard T. Crane, multimillionaire iron man. In a Chicago police court, where she stood a prisoner, Mrs. Lillie made her renunciation of the faith in wealth and power, and publicly espoused faith in social Justice and industrial freedom. Arrested While Picketing. Mrs. Lillie had been arrested for interfering with a policeman while she was on duty as a picket in the gar ment workers' strike in Chicago. Because she protested against the abuse of a striker she was arrested. “For many years," the millionaire's daughter said, “I have felt that a so cial and industrial system that made it possible for one man to accumulate millions while many men and women starved was wrong. "1 gsve charity to the poor. 1 knew that charity was but a sop to make them forget not merely their misery, but the underlying cause of their mis ery. injustice that made them paupers. "In the garment workers’ strike I saw for myself how terrible the in dustrial conditions have become. “I believe in trade unions: organisa tion is the workingman's most effec tive weapon. Ami I believe in the general strike, though 1 know that is ■iuite revolutionary. But if labor halt ed in its work, even for one hour, the world would understand the power of labor.” Chicago, Dec. 23.—The fight of 367,000 railroad men for an eight hour dajr, without decrease of pay, waa launched today at the joint con vention of the four great railway brotherhood*. Seventy-two delegatee, representing the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engi neers, the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Locomotive Engineers, the Order of Railway Conductor! and the Brotherhood of Railway Train men, convened to frame demands oa every railroad in the United States. Naseltatia— to Ra Friaafly. Warren 8. Stone, grand chief at the ; engineers, declared negotiations with ' the railroad managements wilf b* i “firm but friendly." Timothy Shea, head of the firemen; W. G. Lee, chief of the conductor!, and A. F. Whitman, head of tha train men's organisation, announced all in ternal differences had been settled and that the four organitatons stand aa a unit in their negotiations. “For the first time," said Stone, “we are meeting at one time. We will first decide just what our demands will be. Later we will determine the method of presenting the demands to the railways." Eight-Heur Day. It was generally understood that the principal demand will be for an eight-hour day at the present rate of pay. a decrease in hours without de crease in wages. For work after eight hours time and a half pay will be demanded. Some changes in working conditions will be sought. The present sgreement ex pires April 30, next. Possibility of a strike May 1 was admitted by the delegates. They arc firmly against Federal mediation on account of the result of the engineers' award last spring The committees will decide whether to submit the plan to a vote of the brotherhod. The vote would take about thirty days. Should the pro posals be endorsed and submitted to the railroads, the latter, under present agreement*, have thirty days in which to reply. This is the first time in the history of the United States that such a large body of organized workmen has so united for a joint demand RAILROAD If I FfiJtH FEDERATION IU.C. Kansu City, Mo., Dec. It.—All op eratives of railroads centering at Kan su City, within a radius of 200 miles, have united in one big organisation. The consolidation, which affects ap proximately 5.000 men, wu accom plished at a joint meeting of repre sentatives from the four railroad brotherhoods of the engineers, con ductors. firemen and enginemen and railway trainmen. By this move the operatives hope to present an effective front in any dis putes which may arise. Formerly, al though affiliated, the brotherhoods were not always able to act harmoni ously. Officers of the permanent organiza tion are: W. W. Junes, Parsons, Kan., chairman; A. I. McKenny, Kansu City, vice chairman; W. Z. Vanpelt, Kansu City, secretary; E. C. Etzel. Pittsburg, Kan., treasurer. ERIEIPASSENBER HIT BY|A SNOW PL006H Port Jervis. N. Y., Dec. 22.—Erie tram No. 2. the Buffalo-to-New York express, headed by a snow plough, plunged into a group of passenger* at the Otisville station and hurled 20 of them into a snowbank or caught them in the plough. The moat seri ously injured were brought to St. Francis's Hospital herr. The injured wen- passengers on train No. 179, which left New York City at 1 55 p. m and was late The train from Hulfalo was also late, due to the snowstorm. It is believed snow thrown about the plough blinded the engineer. It. F. Quick, of Port Jervis, and he failed lo si*1 the party making its way acrosa the tracks to the station as train No. 2 approached OETROn'STRIKERS ME ! MAKING PROGRESS — Detroit. Mich., Dec. 22.—Manager 1 Johnston, of the Detroit Screw Works, fearful of having his plant tied up. ' has received the aid of the Detroit Kmployers' Association. Five hundred or mote workers went | out in protest against unfair condi 1 tions. Many have found work elsewhere. The others are not discouraged. The ' girls who did hard work got $7.80 a week for a 91.., hour day The men got less than men get in most plants, ! according to investigators. Bui Few Traitors. Few turned traitor and went hack to work. Others realised the inop portune time in which the strike was called and decided to remain in until a more appropriate opportunity for a tie-up. The strike was not called by the labor movement. Desperate girls went out and appealed to the Federa lion of I ichor for support. The labor movement did all that was possible. Organisers O'Rourke and lewis gave their time and Busi ness Agent Mitchell and his aides not only helped but donated their hall for the purpose of meetings. Jeffries Speaks. Judge Jeffries, at the invitation of the union officials, spoke to the strik ers last Saturday afternoon, pointing out the value of organisation. No strike was ever lost where the strik ers learned the necessity of unity, he said. The union engineers came out in sympathy with the strikers and many other union men did their duty. The tight has been a fight of organ ised money against unorganised labor and will result in the awakening of men and women employed in the De troit Screw Works !Junney, some 16 mile* from resident Karling and the par rials and the Butte man with :hed their venture in electrifl owned with complete success, • that cannot be questioned, e top of the hill the party a train of 60 cara, carrying a ,000 tons, coming up the hill f two of the electric locomo ley came up the hill at speed U to 16 miles an hour, ap aithout exertion and without ay taxing the powers of the * engines. Following came a 40 cars, weighing 2,000 ton* rn by three steam engines, ront, another behind ami a he middle of the train. This the hill at about 10 miles The limit of a load for mi engines on this hill, about rnt grade, is 2.100 tons, rt at great speed ha* been fact no passenger engine* arrived, the engines used in and in drawing the special ght engines, which are only a maximum of 36 miles per ie train went up the grade greatest ease at about 22 hour and ran along the level : at a rate of about 31 miles, tnger engines are expected to make 66 miles an hour. INCREASE OF IM6ES FOR T0UI6S10W1 STEEL H Youngstown. O., Dec. 22.—It mm mrtain that puddlers employed la mills operating under the wage acala >f the Amalgamated Asaoriatiou of Iron, Steel and Tin Workers will te Mrr.ing Id a ton or better beginning lanuary 1. Aa it is now the sveragw sates at tar iron will haw* to advance just khout one more point wtea H is 'racked Advance* after this mark ome at the rate of 20 rents for cock ncreuse, instead of 10 rents as ia th* Mat The last settlement thowwd that >ar iron is selling at 1.20 card, which s entitling union puddlers to receive r.yO a ton. The backward iron mar et in the Chicago district has bald luddlers in Ohio and Indiana back luring the past two years, but the evival in iron sales there ia going to trip matter* now. A special from Chicago aaya that >ar iron ia selling in that district at .75 card, Chicago mill. Little ton lage is being taken for January dr ive ry, higher pricea being promised. I’nder the existing union scale pud llers may receive as high as 10.60 • on before the present prosperity rsve is over. Such an advaacr •ould likely mean that the wages of mddlers in the mills of the Younga own Sheet & Tube Company and A. d. B>crs Company would be advanced ilso. These corporations have been mying a straight wage rate of Id a on for the past two years and more. Prospect* of sheet workers secur er a portion of the 12 per cent wage ut made last Maich are quite prom sing. It is certain that the neat sat lenient will help both sheet and tia >late workers, as prices are climbing ip gradually in both divisions. DENVER JUDGE GRANTS CRAN6E OF VENUE Denver. Colo.. Dev. 22.—United Mine Worker official* and all other organized labor people werr jubilant Thursday over the advance Christmas present handed out in the form of a ruling by Judge Cavender, of the Fifth judicial district, who has been sitting in the Trinidad district, that no more accused stnkrr* will have to submit their cases to juries parked with coal company partisans in !.aa Amnia* county. (ate Wednesday Juudge Cavender. who was called in to try strike rases when the Supreme Court set aside Judge Hillyer, the ex attorney for the Rockefeller interest* in that section, granted the requested change of venue in more than 90 cases involving up ward of 190 defendant*, all members of the United Mine Workers who were on strike during the trouble in that section. The rases will be transferred to FI Faso county, and the first case will be set after the trial of Huerfano county rases already art for trial at Castle Rock on Jan. 3. Four defend ants are required to give bond to the amount of 25.000. These defendants are W’illiam Diamond, statistician for the United Mine Workers, with head quarters at Indianapolis, but who came to Colorado this week to be pres ent in court, and William Snyder, Gu# Weinberg and John Weinberg. Attor ney Horace Hawkins of Denver, for the Miners, served notice that hr would Ale a motion for separate trials for each defendant. $27,000,000 CONTRACT FOR ILLINOIS CUT Galesburg, III., recently sent a rep resentative to \r» York City to see what could he done about picking up war orders. The representative ah* returned, bringing with him a promise nf "mil lion* in it" propositions covering many page* and a sample new fangled rifle. A meeting ha* been held at the Galesburg City Club and bankers, re tired farmers and prominent mer chants have been sent out to rmiae the money to insure the backers of the scheme. "It wa* repreaented," says a Gales burg newspaper in its story of the meeting, "that the profits would be largo" Some 1250,000 or f tOO.OOO will be required to equip the factories, hut the rifles will sell for 127,000,000, ac cording to the newspaper. ^EUT JIT BUCK UWONDJTEEL WORKS Pittsburgh, Dec. 1«—Striking trkmen at the Black Diamond works the Crucible Steel Company here Mhed with guards in front of the ■aitions department of the plant. Irks and missiles were hurled rough the windows. A riot call brought reserve polire m, who arrested strikers only, John k. Husna Schuck, Mile Levendoaky, la Nefsky and Fra Dontick. One saner was rescued by the mob, aev d policemen being roughly han Dver three hundred men are on a ha They are demanding an ln of S cents an hour in wages, ■riy all of the strikers are em >P*d in ths munitions department I aru rtasesd aa shippers on tbs •pony's beaks. DETROIT MACHINISTS WIN Detroit, Mich., Dec. 21.—The Ma ehimals* union, after a strike of seven weeks, came out victorious with the American Car A Foundry Co. The strike was settled Monday afternoon, the men gaining many demands. The machinists now get a minimum rate of 45 cents an hour. Some re ceive 55 cento. They also get time and half for overtime and the com pany will not discriminate against any man because of hia union affilia tion. Before tlie strike the average rata was '« rents aa lour or leu. Men were paid only time and a quarter for overtime and Mndaya. 2.000,000 LABORERS j FORM BI66EST UNION. - i London. Dec. 20.—The largest labor ^ organisation in the history of Eng- ■ land, representing about 2.000,000 | men. whs formed for the purpose of I offensive or defensive action in mat ters respecting wages and conditions i of work. The organisations comprising the I alliance are the Miners’ Federation, the National Union of Railway Men i and the National Transport Workers' Union. The constitution adopted pro vides that joint action can only be taken after the consent of the three organisations concerned is obtained. Hartford, Conn.—New incorpora tion* have been authorised by the ■tate secretary a* follow*: Forge A Projectile Company of Bridgeport, to manufacture machinery, tool*, etc.; capital stock, 910,000,000. Reliable Fur Company of New Haven; capital, 1100.000. Osarh Construction Com pany, Bridgeport; authorised capital, 950.000. The Longley Lunch Com pany of Hartford; authoriaed capital, 9100,000 Orford Soap Company of Manchester; authorised capital. 5350. 000. Bdgha— Company of Stamford, general manufacturing; capital 550, 000.