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§ The Leading 8
8 Weekly Newspaper of Allegany 8
8 County, Maryland 8
FORTY-SECOND YEAR. NO. 44
READY FOR PATENTS
A Highly Creditable Institution Which is Admired
By All Who Visit it. A Reception
The Miners’ Hospital, a most beau
tiful and roomy brick structure which
was erected during the present year
at the north edge of Frostburg, over
looking the picturesque Jennings Run
valley and stately hills surrounding
it, has been opened for patients
within the last week, and on Tuesday
of this week visitors were received at
the hospital from two to ten o’clock
p. m. ‘
A general invitation was extended
to everybody to visit that splendid in
stitution, the pride of Frostburg,
during those hours, and hundreds
availed themselves of the opportunity.
The editor of The Spirit was one of
the number to call and inspect the
place, and while he expected to find
everything very nice and well
equipped, he must say the new hos
pital far exceeds his expectations.
It would, indeed, be a credit to a very
The editor was shown through the
institution by Mrs. Wm. Percy and
W. G. Schofield, the latter being the
efficient janitor and assistant nurse of
the institution. Every possible cour
tesy was extended to the visitors, and
Janitor Schofield, who knows the
building from top to bottom and is
familiar with everything about the
place, knew just how to explain things
and increase the interest of the vis
The building is a beautiful two
story structure with basement and
sub-cellar. It fronts northward, and
the large double veranda, with its
large white columns, gives it a most
beautiful exterior appearance, but the
interior is even more beautiful. The
floors are maple, highly finished, and
the walls and ceilings are. very taste
-1 fully decorated.
The furniture and all furnishings
ox ... • • —o —.• *^
selection, and the building is lighted
by both electricity and natural gas.
From the ceilings are suspended.large
very beautiful, chandeliers of tlje
Roman style, and scarcely anything
that could add to the cheerfulness of
the place has been omitted. Thefloor
arrangements-are about as follows:
Double ward for delirium tremen
patients, laundry, ironing room, ward
for colored patients, general quarters
for hired help, including bath, etc.,
dining room for nurses, general linen
closets, morgue, repair shop, general
serving pantry, main kitchen with
sub-cellar beneath it for the storage
of supplies; special kitchen, coal cel
lar, boiler room, etc.
First or Office Floor.
General parlor or reception room,
two public wards with ten beds each,
two sun parlors, several private and
several semi-private wards, delirious
wards, light diet kitchen, two public
lavatories, sink rooms, suite of rooms
for superintendent, including private
office, ex-ray room, drug room, ex
amination room, room for board of
directors, baths, closets, etc.
Two sun parlors, light diet kitchen,
two public lavatories, suite of rooms
and bath for nurses, children’s ward,
four semi-private wards with two beds
each, six private wards, nurses’ quar
ters, chutes, sterilizing room, general
operating room, anaesthetic room,
general utility room, surgeons’ prepa
ration room, etc.
The building is heated by steam,
and is.equipped with a large elevator,
a dumb waiter, telephones and a hot
water system that brings hot water
from any hot water spigot in the
building the instant it is turned open,
without waiting for any standing
water that has cooled in the pipes to
first run out. The water is heated by
an automatic natural gas heater in
the basement and is kept circulating
constantly through the pipes leading
to and from the heater.
Some Handsome Donations.
Visitors to the hospital on Tuesday
could not help noticing and admiring
the beautiful bouquets of flowers that
Is the pure food and drugs act to
be so extended that it will pertain also
in the case of general merchandise?
Advices from Washington have it that
President Wilson has let it be known
that he is heartily in favor of extend
ing the pure food and drugs act to in
clude general merchandise, especially
clothing, so that it will be unlawful
to transmit in interstate commerce
any article that is not correctly, label
ed as to quality, weight and measure.
Representative Barkley, as chairman
of a sub-committee of the House Com
mittee on Inter-state and Foreign
Commerce, is preparing a bill for this
purpose. Public hearings will be
THE FROSTBURG SPIRIT
were placed in nearly all the rooms.
The flowers were presented by Geo.
Another thing that attracted a great
deal of attention from visitors was the
fine array of toys and a Christmas
tree in the children’s ward. These
were presented and arranged by
William and George Wittig and their
Another handsome gift that was
much admired was a fine leather
covered Morris chair in the general
parlor that was presented by Mrs. J.
The Courteous Superintendent.
The Superintendent of the hospital
is Dr. Helen A. Binnie, who came here
from Wisconsin. She came highly
recommended, is extremely affable
and courteous, and is making friends
by the score. That she will maintain
a high standard of efficiency at Frost
burg’s fine new hospital, is not doubt
ed by anyone, as ability, energy and
a charming personality are always
bound to win, and all of these quali
ties ars possessed by Dr. Binnie.
The hospital was equipped by the
following named contributors: Cen
tennial Home-Coming Committee,
Mrs. Joseph Eindauer, Pythian Sisters,
Geo. H: Wittig, Knights of the Golden
Eagle, Tasker G. Eowndes, Mr. and
Mrs. J. A. Caldwell, Mrs. Timothy
Griffith, Mrs. Wm. R. Gunter, Mrs.
Roberdeau Annan, Mrs. J. Marshall
Price, Mrs. Herman V. Hesse, First
National Bank of Frostburg, First
National Bank of Midland, Second
National Bank of Cumberland,Eadies’
Guild of St. Paul’s Gutheran Church,
■ Eoyal Order of Moose, Civic Club of
Frostburg, Hon. Robt. MacDonald,
Hon. David J. Gewis, Western Mary
Jn O. U. A. ivi., jtiome Missionary
Society of First M. E. Church, Frost
burg State Normal School, Frostburg
Fire Department, Mrs. A. J. Willison,
Nrs. Wesley Goar, SIOO each ;H. Craw
ford Black, $500; James Weston, $25;
. Consolidation Coal Co., $700; Frost
burg Illuminating and Mfg. Co., SSO;
Dr. Arthur H. Hawkins, $75; Eadies
of Barton, s6l; B. O. P. Elks No. 470,
$57; Allegany county, $1,000; Frost
burg Ministerial Association, $52.70;
W. C. Morgan, $5.00; Miss Elizabeth
T. Eowndes, SIOO.
Doubtless other contributions have
been added to the list since the above
figures were obtained. The Eadies
Auxilary Hospital Board has also been
raising money for the good cause in
various ways, one of which was the
placing of a contribution box inside
of the main hospital entrance into
which many visitors have been drop
A new road is being graded to the
hospital from its southern opproach,
and next spring the grading of the
lawn and seeding it to grass, or sod
ding it, will be completed. The in
terior of the hospital is so beautiful
as to almost cause one to wish to be
sick in order to be taken there, and
when the lawn is covered with grass,
flowers and foliage plants, as it will
be before another summer passes, the
Miners’ Hospital, taken as a whole,
will be a veritable paradise, so far as
appearances go, both inside and out
A bronze tablet is to be added to
the building, which will bear the
names of the hospital contributors.
The tablet will be of handsome design
and headed as follows:
Erected A.D. 1913.
Board of Directors:
Dr. Timothy Griffith, President.
Herman V. Hesse, Vice President.
Walter W. Wittig, Secretary.
Roberdeau Annan, Treasurer.
William R. Gunter,
John H. Dunstan,
Dr. J. Marshall Price.
Holmboe & Eafferty.
granted on the measure late in the
fall and have it ready for the House
early in the regular session.—Modern
A very good idea indeed. There is
no reason why the manufacturers of
clothing, shoes and many other arti
cles of merchandise should not be
compelled to do as the manufacturers
of oleomargarine are required to do
brand, label and sell their goods for
just what they actually are, and those
who misbrand or mislabel goods
should be heavily fined or imprisoned.
Subscribe for The Spirit for your
absent friends. It will seem as good
to them as a weekly letter from home.
FROSTBURG, MD, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 4, 1913
CHESTNUT BLIGHT IS
DOING MUCH DAMAGE.
Valuable Information for Owners
of Chestnut Timber—Blight is
Spreading in Maryland.
By F. W. Beseey, State Forester
The chestnut blight, technically
known as Diaporthe Parasitica, ap
■ peared in the state about six years
ago, having come to us through Penn
sylvania, where it began its destruc
tive work a few years before. This
disease apparently started in the vi
cinity of Gong Island, and has spread
northward and northeastward as far
as Massachusetts and southwestward
It is the worst tree disease that has
ever been known in this country, and
since the chestnut is one of our most
valuable species, useful for many
purposes, it is a very serious problem.
This disease attacks only the chest
nut, but is extremely virulent in char
acter, attacking trees of all sizes and
Infection comes by means of minute
spores which are scattered by the
wind, insects, birds and other agen
cies, and may gain entrance to the
tree through any crevices or wounds
on the branches or trunk of the tree.
From the point of infection the dis
ease works in the inner bark in both
directions round the branch or trunk
of the tree until it meets on the op
posite side, thus completely girding it,
shutting off the flow of sap.
The blight does not injure the wood
of the tree, as many suppose, but as it
works almost entirely in the bark, the
wood is left practically sound and use
able, provided it is utilized within two
years from the time the tree is killed.
The loss occasioned by this disease
in Maryland has been a very severe
one, amounting to approximately SIOO,-
000. The northeastern and northern
sections of the state have suffered
: most, as it was from this direction
that the disease entered the state, and
this is also the section where chestnut
is most abundant. The greatest loss
has been in the upper two-thirds of
Cecil, Harford and Baltimore counties,
where chestnut is more abundant than
any other tree species, and also in the
Jmm. t-, ' JD ■■ i i >■!■■■>,
An investigation was made by the
State Forester three years ago to de
termine the damage and extent of the
disease in the state, and it was found
that in sections of the counties named
above the dead or diseased trees
amounted to not more than 5 per cent,
of the total stand of chestnut. An ex
-1 animation made this past summer in
Cecil county on a large area that was
examined three years ago, at which
time only 5 per cent, of the trees were
dead or diseased, showed that in three
years the percentage of infection had
increased to 90 per cent., and this rep
resents pretty nearly the condition
in the northeastern part of the state.
Badly infected sections are in the vi
cinity of Principo, Cecil county, along
the Northern Central railroad from the
Pennsylvania line to Baltimore, and
in the Green Spring Valley.
The disease has not made as much
headway in the western part of the
state, although the section around
Edgemont has suffered a great deal,
and the disease is progressing rapidly
southward in Blue Ridge Mountains,
where chestnut is very abundant. Up
to the present time there has been
practically no damage in Garrett and
Allegany counties, and very little in
Western Washington county. There
is very little chestnut in the Eastern
Shore section, so that this disease will
never be an important factor in that
part of the state. Gikewise in the
lower parts of St. Mary’s, Calvert and
Charles counties, where there is little
chestnut, and therefore, there is little
damage from this disease possible; but
in all other sections the chestnut
blight is working unabated and threat
ens the extermination of this valuable
The discouraging feature about the
chestnut blight is that there is no
known remedy. The state of Penn
sylvania, realizing the millions of dol
lars’ loss from this disease, a few
years ago appropriated $275,000 for
combatting it, but after two or three
years of energetic efforts, has practic
ally abandoned all hope of checking
the disease. Even were it possible
to check the disease by spraying or
other methods-that are used in com
batting disease of fruit trees and
shade trees, this is impracticable in
dealing with the trees of the forest,
not only because they are so large
that it would be difficult to reach the
top, but because the cost of treatment
would be greater than the value of the
tree; but the chestnut blight apparent
ly cannot be killed by sprays or any
of the common methods of treating
tree fungus diseases and insect pests.
To the man who owns chestnut tim
ber in which the chestnut blight has
gotten established, the only thing for
him to do is to cut and utilize the trees
as soon as possible before the timber
has a chance to deteriorate. Even
with the large amount of chestnut
poles, ties and other material that has
been thrown upon the market in the
(Continued on last page)
MOLECULES ARE INVISIBLE.
Yet Their Tracks Through Space Can
It came to be evident about the mid
dle of the last century that, in order
to explain certain facts connected with
the relative weights of gases, matter
must not merely consist of atoms, but
that these atoms must have the power
of uniting in small groups. In form
ing a compound, indeed, this must be
so. For instance, carbonic acid gas
must consist of one atom of carbon,
which, along with two atoms of oxy
gen, forms a small group of three
The novelty of the conception was
in the notion that oxygen itself, in the
state 6f gas, as it exists, for example,
in the air, consists of small groups of
atoms; in this case, two. To such small
groups of atoms was given the name
molecules. A molecule is that portion
of a substance which can exist in the
free state, as oxygen does in air. Ap
atom generally exists in combination,
but atoms may and sometimes do ex
ist separately, in which case they also
are termed molecules.
Now, can molecules be seen? Is their
existence a mere assumption? The an
swer to that question is. No, they can
not be seen, but artificial molecules
can be made which correspond so
closely in their behavior to real mole
cules that the existence of real mole
cules is practically certain. Moreover,
although no one has ever seen a mole
cule, still the track of a molecule mov
ing through space has been seen, and,
just as Robinson Crusoe was right in
inferring the existence of man Friday
from his footstep imprinted in the
sand, so the real existence of a mole
cule may just as certainly be inferred
from the track it leaves.—Sir William
Ramsay in Harper’s.
COLD COMFORT. *
It Came After the Little Faker Had
Got His Punishment.
The east end small boy had sadly
misbehaved and was locked 'in his
room. Pretty soon his mother heard
“Muvver,” said the shrill voice, “I’m
goin’ to bust the window and fall
The mother made no reply. Again
the shrill voice arose:
“Muvver, I’ve found some matches,
an’ I’m goin’ to set fire to the cur
The mother remained indifferent.
Once-more th-awofce hailed her.
“Muvver, don’t' you smell sumfin'
burnin’?” Even this drew no re
“If you don’t smell nothin’,” the
voice went on, “it’s ’cause X pulled off
all th' match heads an’ swallowed ’em,
an’ I’m goin’ to die. Do you hear that,
muvver; I’m goin - to die.”
By this time the mother was thor
oughly incensed, and, hastily preparing
a cup of mustard and hot water, she
“If you’ve swallowed match heads,”
she announced, “you’ll have to swal
low this to keep them company.” And
then she poured the nauseating stuff
down his throat.
A little later the aggravating young
ster, sadder, wiser and much humbled,
concluded to take the balance of his
punishment in silence.
"I didn’t really swallow the matches,
muvver,”, he contritely explained.
"I knew you didn’t, sonny,” replied
the mother.—Cleveland Plain Dealer.
Tips For Tennis Players.
One of the faults of the inexperi
enced doubles player which is most
persistent is standing still. This is
one of those necessities in doubles that
are often overlooked. But no partner
can do justice to his team unless
he moves after every shot to the cen
ter of the angle of the return, in other
words, both men must constantly
change their positions, moving back
and forth toward one side or the other,
according to where they have sent the
ball. If the net man has volleyed deep
into the right hand corner both play
ers move across to the right. The
right hand player thereby protects the
shot down his own side line, and the
left hand player protects the cross
court shot down the central diagonal of
Lubricant For Aluminium.
Many machinists, especially those
employed in the motor engineering in
dustry, are frequently called upon to
work in aluminium. To satisfactorily
do this work various lubricants have
been tried, which, however, owing to
their volatility, are of little use. A
suitable lubricant is tallow or cob
bler’s wax. This latter does not dis
solve quickly and consequently does
not flow as freely as the volatile oils.—
A terrible noise of thumping and
stamping came from Bob’s room early
“Bobby, Bobby,” called his mother
from downstairs, “what is going on
“My shoes,” replied Bob. '
“Love results in many paradoxical
situations,” remarked the professor.
“What is one?”
“To keep tbe love of another one
must return it”—Buffalo Express.
Alike, but Different.
Mrs. Nubride—My dear Jack is so
handsome; he resembles a Greek god.
Mrs. Longwedd—So does my husband
He scolds best that can hurt the
MINERAL PRODUCTION I
Value of Maryland's Mineral Pro- 1
duction in 1912 Nearly sll,- I
000,000, Exceeding Output of 1
1911 by $1,500,000. I
The value of the mineral produc- I
tion of Maryland in 1912 was $10,916,- I
671, and if to this is added the output I
of pig iron produced in the state, the I
total reaches $15,000,000, according to I
figures compiled by E. W. Parker, of I
the United States Geological Survey, I
in co-operation with the Maryland*
Geological Survey. The total mineral®
production for 1911, exclusive of pig!
iron, was $9,386,515. &
The principal mineral product of!
Maryland is coal, from the western!
part of the state, the value of the coal!
mined being over h4lf. of the value oil
the state’s total mineral output. CoaH
mining in Maryland began early irß
the first quarter of the nineteenth cenß
tury, in the Georges Creek region, thtH
coal being shipped by barges on Potoß
mac River. The first incorporatecß
companj’ was organized in 1836. The!
product of the Georges Creek “big!
vein,” noted for its high-grade steam-H
ing and smithing qualities, has fur-H
nished most of the coal produced in th
state. The output in 1912 was 4,964,-!
038 short tons, valued at $5,839,079. I
Next to coal mining, the most im-B
portant mineral industries in Maryland!
are clay working and stone quarrying.!
The clays of Maryland are widely dis-I
tributed, and are suitable fora variety!
of uses. Those of the Coastal Plain!
part of the state are used largely for!
the manufacture of building brick and!
terracotta. The clays of the western!
part of the state are used in the manu-1
facture of fire brick, which are re-1
garded as among the highest grades I
made in the United States. The value I
of Maryland’s output of common brick, I
manufactured largely in the vicinity I
of Baltimore, in 1912 was $1,053,335 out |
of a total value for clay products of I
$1,865,753. The value of the firebrick I
was $262,817. The quarry products
are granite, white marble, limestone, |
and slate. The production of lime
amounted to 112,104 short tons, valued
One of the most notable increasesTtri
the production in 1912 over 1911 was in I
the output of sand and gravel, which I
showed a gain from 482,152 short tons, I
valued at $246,486, in 1911, to 1,650,904
short tons, valued at $627,874, in 1912. |
The' other commercial mineral prod- *
ucts of Maryland are' cement, copper, L
infusorial earth, iron ore, mineral 1
paints, mineral waters, quartz, sand- 1
lime brick, talc and soapstone, and al
small quantity of silver.
Improved Western Maryland I
Train Service. 1
The Western Maryland Railway I
Company has .completed arrangements I
to establish a new direct train service 3
between Baltimore and Cleveland, I
which became effective on November I
30th. Announcement to this effect has j
been made by General Passenger j
Agent Charles P. .Stewart, who has j
had the matter up for several weeks, j
The additional service is made pos
sible by the extension of the railway
company’s present sleeper service be
tween Baltimore and Pittsburgh, and
brings the Monumental City and the
Ohio city closer together by a new
direct route via Western Maryland
lines. The officials of the Western I
Maryland were enabled to extend this I
service because of the trunk line con- I
nections which it has established, thus I
placing it in a position to enter into 1
active competition for both freight I
and passenger traffic moving to and I
from the Atlantic seaboard and the I
Beginning last Sunday, persons de-l
siring to use the new service toCleve-l
land, could leave Baltimore at 9:00l
o’clock in the evening, arriving in!
Cleveland at 10:30 a. m. the next day.!
Business men and others who desire!
to come to Baltimore will be able to!
leave Cleveland at 5:15 p. m., arriving!
in Baltimore at 7:53 a. m. the next!
A Posterior Coaflagratioa. B
While “Sax” Staub, the efficient!
foreman of the Commercial printery,!
was on his way to work, Monday!
morning, with a gale of wind blowing I
about 40 miles an hour agitating his I
coat-tail, he suddenly felt an unusual I
warmth in the vicinity of the seat of!
his “pants,” and on investigation!
found that the tail of his overcoat was!
on fire. Before a general alarm was!
sounded and the fire department call-1
ed out, “Sax” succeeded in extinguish-l
ing the flames by the simple process!
of sitting on them. Whether thel
cause of the fire was spontaneous!
combustion, or merely a superfluity ofl
hot air, “Sax” has been unable to de-l
termine. There was no insnrance on!
the coat, which is tough, with a hard!
winter just setting in Meyersdalel
YOU’LL BE SORRY in after years!
if you fail to get one or more copies!
of the beautifully illustrated Prost-B
burg Souvenir Books for sale at 158
cents'per copy, while they last, at!
The Spirit office. tf. I
§ Successor to 8
§ The Frostburg Mining Journal 8
§ Established 1871 8
WHOLE NUMBER 2,181
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