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The Frostburg spirit. (Frostburg, Md.) 1913-1915, December 04, 1913, Image 6

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President Wilson Says Huerta’s Prestige Is Fast Crumbling—
Message Asks Legislation for Facilitating Credits Needed by
Farmers—Urges Presidential Primaries.
Washington, Dec. 2. —The president
today delivered the following message
to congress:
In pursuance of xny constitutional
duty to “give to the congress informa
tion of the state of the Union,’’ I take
the liberty of addressing you on sev
eral matters which ought, as it seems
to me, particularly to engage the at
tention of your honorable bodies, as
of all who study the welfare of the
I shall ask your indulgence if I ven
ture to depart in some degree from
the usual custom of setting before you
in formal review the many matters
which have engaged the attention and
called for the action of the several
departments of the government or
which look to them for early treat
ment In the future, because the list
is long, very long, and would suffer
in the abbreviation to which I should
have to subject it. I shall submit to
you {he reports of the heads of the
several departments, in which these
subjects are set forth in careful de
tail, and beg that they may receive the
thoughtful attention of your commit
tees and of all members of the con
gress who may have the leisure to
study them. Their obvious importance,
as constituting the very substance of
the business of the government, makes
comment and emphasis on my part un
Country Is at Peace.
The country, I am thankful to say,
is at peace with all the world, and
many happy manifestations multiply
about us of a growing cordiality and
sense of community of interest among
the nations, foreshadowing an age of
settled peace and good will.
There is only one possible standard
by which to determine controversies
between the United States and other
nations, and that is compounded of
these two elements: Our own honor
and our obligations to the peace of
the world. A test so compounded
ought easily to be made to govern both
the establishment of new treaty obli
gations and the interpretation of those
already assumed.
Huerta Must Let Go.
There is but one cloud upon our ho
rizon. That has shown itself to the
south of us, and hangs over Mexico.
There can be no certain prospect of
peace in America until General Huerta
has surrendered his usurped authority
in Mexico; until it is understood on
all hands, Indeed, that such pretended
governments will not be countenanced
or dealt with by the government of
the United States. We are the
friends of constitutional government
in America; we are more than its
friends, we are its champions; because
in no other way can our neighbors, to
whom we would wish in every way to
make proof of our friendship, work
out their own development in peace
and liberty. Mexico has no govern
ment. The attempt to maintain one
at the City of Mexico has broken
down, and a mere military despotism
has been set up which has hardly more
than the semblance of national author
ity. It originated in the usurpation
of Victoriano Huerta, who, after a
brief attempt to play the part of con
stitutional president, has at last cast
aside even the pretense of legal right
and declared himself dictator. As a
consequence, a condition of affairs
now exists in Mexico which has made
it doubtful whether even the most
elementary and ■ fundamental rights
either of her own people or oft Lie
citizens of other countries resident
within her territory can long be suc
cessfully safeguarded, and which
threatens, if long continued, to im
peril the interests of peace, order and
tolerable life in the lands immedi
ately to the south of us. Even if the
usurper had succeeded in his purposes,
in despite of the constitution of the
republic and the rights of its people,
he would have set up nothing but a
precarious and hateful power, which
could have lasted but a little while,
and whose eventful downfall would
have left the country in a more de
plorable condition than ever. But ha
hAs not, succeeded. He has forfeited
the respect and the moral support
even of those who were at one time
willing to see him succeed.. little by
little he has been completely isolated.
By a little every day his power and
prestige are crumbling and the col
lapse is not far away. We shall not,
I believe, be obliged to alter our pol
icy of watchful waiting. And then,
when the end comes, we shall hope to
see constitutional order restored in
distressed Mexico by the concert and
energy of Such of her leaders as pre
fer the liberty of their people to their
own ambitions.
Currency Reform.
I turn to matters of domestic con
cern. You already have under con
sideration a bill for the reform of our
system of banking and currency, for
which the country waits with impati-
The Easier Way.
“Fow did Calkins get the right to
stick that ‘Hon.’ in front of his name?
He never was i congress, was he?”
“No, but he once impersonated a
member of congress over the tele
The Compliment.
"My wife paid me a line complimept
this morning! ” triumphantly stated
skimpy little Mr. Hennypeck.
said I was almost as big a fool as her
first husband!" —Judge.
Dog For Golf Links.
A golf dog has been discovered. The
animal, a rough-haired terrier, is quite
self-supporting, and he helps to sup
port the house painter and his fam
ily with whom he lives. He has root
ed out as many as ten good golf balls
on a Sunday night, and in one week
brought home 22. —Manchester Guard
Never Despair.
Never despair, but if you do, work
on in despair.—Burke.
ence, as for something fundamental
to its w'hole business life and neces
sary to set credit free from arbitrary
and artificial restraints. I need not say
how earnestly X hope for its early en
actment into law.
I present to you, in addition, the
urgent necessity that special provision
be made also for facilitating the cred
its needed by the farmers of the coun
try. The pending currency bill does
the farmers a great service. It puts
them upon an equal footing with oth
er business men and masters of en
terprise, as it should; and upon its
passage they will find themselves quit
of many of the difficulties which now
hamper them in the field of credit.
The farmers, of course, ask and
should be given no special privilege,
such as extending to them the credit
of the government itself. What they
need and should obtain is legislation
which will make their own abundant
and substantial credit resources avail
able as a foundation for joint, con
certed local action in their own be
half in getting the capital they must
use. It is to this we should now ad
dress ourselves.
Allowed to Lag.
It has, singularly enough, come to
pass that we have allowed the indus
try of our farms' to lag behind the
other activities of the country in its
development. I need not stop to tell
you how fundamental to the life of
the Nation is the production of its
food. Our thoughts may ordinarily
be concentrated upon the cities and
the hives of industry, upon the cries
of the crowded market place and the
clangor of the factory, but it is from
the quiet Interspaces of the open val
leys and the free hillsides that we
draw the sdurces of life and of pros
perity, from the farm and the ranch,
from the forest and the mine. With
out these every street would be si
lent, every office deserted, every fac
tory fallen into disrepair. And yet
the farmer does not stand upon the
same footing with the forester and the
miner in the market of credit. He is
the servant of the seasons. Nature
determines how long he must wait for
his crops, and will not be hurried in
her processes. He may give his note,
but the season of its maturity depends
upon the season when his crop ma
tures, lies at the gates of the market
where his products are" sold. And the
security he gives is of a character not
known in the broker’s office or as fa
miliarly as it might be on the counter
of the hanker.
Efficiency in Farming.
The agricultural department of the
government is seeking to assist as
never before to make farming an effi
cient business, of wide co-operative ef
fort, in quick touch with the markets
for foodstuffs. The farmers and the
government will henceforth work to
gether as real partners in this field,
where we now begin to see our way
very clearly and where many intelli
gent plans are already being put into
execution. The treasury of the Uni
ted States has, by a timely and well
considered distribution of Its depos
its, facilitated the moving of the crops
in the present season and prevented
the scarcity of available funds too oft
en experienced at such times. But
we must not allow ourselves to de
pend upon extraordinary expedients.
We must add the means by which the
farmer may make his credit constant
ly and easily available and command
when he will the capital by which to
support and expand his business. We
lag behind many other great countries
of the modern world in attempting to
do this. Systems of rural credit have
been studied and developed on the
other side of the water while we left
our farmers to shift for themselves in
the ordinary money market. You
have but to look about you in any
rural district to see the result, the
handicap and embarrassment which
have been put upon those who pro
duce our food.
Study Rusal Credit.
Conscious of this backwardness and
neglect on our part, the congress re
cently authorized the creation of a
special commission to study the vari
ous systems of rural credit which
have been put into operation in Eur
ope, and this commission is already
prepared to report. Its report ought
to make it easier for us to determine
what methods will be best suited to
our own farmers.
Let Sherman Law Stand.
Turn from the farm to the world of
business which centers in the city and
in the factory, and I think that all
thoughtful observers will agree that
the immediate service we owe the
business communities of the country
is to prevent private monopoly more
effectually than it has yet been pre
vented. I think it will be easily agreed
that we should let the Sherman anti
trust law stand, unaltered, as it is,
with its debatable ground about it,
In Rea! Life.
“Hear you had a romance at the
beach. Rescued by a handsome young
man, eh?”
“Oh, no romance. He wasn't hand
some ami he had been eating limburg
A Lesson in Politeness.
“But, daughter, why didn't you tell
the young map to stop kissing you?”
asked the mother.
“Why, mother, you know you taught
me never <r> interrupt anvrne!”
“I wish I had never learned to play
cards!” exclaimed a man who had
been unfortunate at the game. “You
mean you wish you had learned, don’t
you?” was his fife’s sarcastic re
The light of the moon is the time
from new moon to full moon, and the
dark of the moon is from full moo t to
new moon, or throughout the waning
but that we should as much as possi
ble reduce the area of that debatable
ground by further and more explicit
legislation; and should also supple
ment that great act by legislation
which will not only clarify it but also
facilitate its administration and make
it fairer to all concerned. No doubt
we shall all wish, and the country will
expect, this to be the central subject
of our deliberations during the pres
ent session; but it is a subject so
many-sided and so deserving of care
ful and discriminating discussion that
I shall take the liberty of addressing
you upon it in a special message at a
later date than this. It is of capital
importance that the business men of
this country should be relieved of all
uncertainties of law with regard to
their enterprises and investments and
a clear path indicated which they can
travel without anxiety. It is as im
portant that they should he relieved
of embarrassment and set free to
prosper as that private monopoly
should be destroyed. The ways of
action should be thrown wide open.
I turn to a subject which I hope
can be handled promptly and with
out serious controversy of any kind.
I mean the method of selecting nomi
nees for the presidency of the United
States. I feel confident that I
do not misinterpret the wishes
or the expectations of the
country when I urge the prompt
enactment of legislation which will
provide for primary elections through
out the country at which the voters of
the several parties may choose their
nominees for the presidency without
the intervention of' nominating con
Independence for Philippines.
These are all matters of vital do
mestic concern, and besides them, out
side the charmed circle of our own
national life in which our affections
command us, as well as our con
sciences, there stand out our obliga
tions toward our territories over sea.
Here w r e are trustees. Porto Rico,
Hawaii, the Philippines, are ours, once
regarded as mere possessions, are no
tonger to be selfishly exploited; they
are part of the domain of public con
science and of serviceable and enlight
ened statesmanship. We must admin
ister them for the.people who live in
them and with the same sense of re
sponsibility to them as toward our
own people in our domestic affairs. No
doubt we shall successfully enough
bind Porto Rico and the Hawaiian is
lands to ourselves by ties of justce
and affection, but the performance of
our duty toward the Philippines is a
more difficult and debatable matter.
We can satisfy the obligations of gen
erous justice toward the people of
Porto Rico by giving them the ample
and familiar rights and privileges ac
corded our own citizens in our Own
territory and our obligations toward
the people of Hawaii by perfecting the
provisions of self-government already
granted them, but in the Philippines
we must go further. We must hold
steadily in view their ultimate inde
pendence, and we must move toward
the time of that independence as
steadily as the w r ay can be cleared and
the foundations thoughtfully and per
manently laid.
Double Duty Toward Alaska.
A duty faces us with regard to Alas
ka w'hich seems to me very pressing
and very imperative; perhaps I should
say a double duty, for it concerns both
the political and the material develop
ment of the territory. The people of
Alaska should be given the full terri
torial form of government, and Alas
ka, as a storehouse, should be un
locked. One key to it is a system of
railways. , , These the government
should itself build and administer, and
the ports and terminals it should itself
control in the interest of all who wish
to use them for the service and de
, velopment of the country and its peo
Specially Important.
Three or four iqatters of special im
portance and significance I beg that
you will permit me to mention in clos
Our bureau of mines ought to be
equipped and empowered to render
even more effectual service than it
renders now in improving the condi
tions of mine labor and making the
mines more economically productive
as well as more safe. This is an all
important part of the work of con
servation; and the conservation of
human life and energy lies even near
er to our interest than the preserva
tion from waste of our material re
We owe it, in mere justice to the
railway employes of the country, to
provide for them a fair and effective
employers' liability act; and a law
that we can stand by in this matter
will he no less to the advantage of
those who administer the railroads of
the country than to the advantage of
those whom they employ. The experi
ence of a large number of the states
abundantly proves that.
We ought to devote ourselves to
meeting pressing demands of plain
justice like this as earnestly as to
the accomplishment of political and
economic reforms. Social justice
comes first. Law is the machinery for
its realization and is vital only as It
expresses and embodies it.
Rather Unusual.
“What’s your idea in getting up this
premium list for tobacco coupons?”
“What’s wrong with that list?”
“Nothing. Only you have a number
of articles on it that people might
Worse Luck.
Muggins—What’s the matter with
Brokeby? He looks worried.
Guggins—He can't meet his bills.
Muggins—-That's nothing. I can’t
dodge mine.
Something Worth Seeing.
A four-year-old youngster on his firs!
visit to a city saw a ferryboat cross
ing the river. “Oh, mamma!” he ex
claimed, much excited, “come and
look! Here’s a choo-choo car in swim
Wealth Has Its Trials.
In an apartment of 34 rooms and
eight baths, such as hat. been leased
by a New York man, the job of trying
to remember where you left your pipe
seems Indeed appalling.
fdr ‘me FILM
Guide Risked Life in Leap From
Canoe to Back of Furious
When the Celluloid Ribbon Was Ex
hausted the Monarch of the Woods
Was Left to Its Own Course —Held
on by Ears.
St. Paul, Minn.—“ Bob,” a Minnesota
guide, has performed the difficult feat
of riding a cantankerous moose
through the waters of a northern lake
and lives to tell the tale. So does the
moose and so does a string of moving
picture films.
The little bay that was the scene of
this adventure lay crescent-shaped,
the two points curving inward toward
each other, so that the gateway out
to deep water was only a little more
than a quarter of a mile wide. One
of the points w r as a long sandpit bor
dered by reeds and lily pads growing
in shallow water. The other point
had fallen away into a tumble of big
rocks that lay half in, and half out
of the water, and furnished excellent
cover for two canoes that held the
stalking party.
Here they lay in wait among the
shadows. Bob’s plan was that one
canoe should head off the moose and
prevent his gaining the shallow water
and the shore. They were to drive
him out, if possible, through the water
gate, or at least to engage him in a
long and muscle-w'earing swim, and
when the right time came Bob plan
ned to approach in his canoe and per
form the feat.
It was with a thrill of excitement
that the watchers saw the bushes
sway inshore, and heard the snap of
dry twigs. Presently the moose ap
peared muzzling among the reeds and
splashing along the margin of the
bay. He seemed to feel that all was
not as usual, for every few minutes
he paused and gazed around; but as
the canoes were down wind, he did
not scent the men, and seeing noth
ing wrong, he dropped to feeding
Cautiously, and with no noise, the
canoe glided out like a cloud shadow.
Every time the moose’s muzzle went
under, the skilful paddler worked si
lently forward, and when his head
came up, the paddle paused, silver
wet, dripping and motionless. So the
canoe worked to within 500 yards of
Astride, Clinging Like Grim Death.
the brute, when at last some sound
or scent of man touched the hair
trigger of his instinct and, with a
startled snort, whirl and splash, he
turned and faced the enemy.
Instantly bow and stern dug in
furiously with the! paddles, the canoe
leaped forward and the chase began.
With even and powerful strokes the
moose struck out for the opposite
shore, since the pursuers had cut in
behind him and prevented his return
to the sand pit. After him churned
the flying craft.
The canoe that had done the first
maneuvering now dropped out of the
game and Bob’s canoe took up the
pursuit. Steadily it overhauled the
animal —100 feet —50, 10 and now the
bow nearly brushed the creature’s vel
vet. Bob stood up, poised an instant
and sprang lightly. For a moment a
smother of spray concealed the chief
actions. Then Bob reappeared, grip
ping the moose’s broad shoulders
with his bent knees. He had seized
an ear in each hand.
Mr. Moose shut off the power all
at once and started to buck desper
A moose is no master of the art of
bucking, however, so he gave over
trying to kick his rider, and changed'
his tactics. He now shook himself,
making the water boil, and then, with
a snort, dived below! But plucky
Bob hung on and when the moose
rose, he was still astride clinging to
the antlers now, and sticking like
grim death. Again and again, animal
and rider plunged under, but as the
moose came up Bob waved his sop
ping feet to show that he was still
master of the situation.
“What’ll I do with him now?” shout
ed Bob to the canoes, in the confi
dence of one who has conquered his
“The films are all gone,” replied
the operator. “Might as well let him
go or he’ll be all in.”
So Bob dove backward, over the
moose’s hind quarters, and swam to
meet the canoe, while the moose, hav
ing been set free, struck back unmo
lested for the shore.
Leaves Money for Masses.
New York.—The will of Mary A.
Reilly filed here made bequests of $5,-
500 from an estate estimated at ?8,-
000 “for the masses for the souls in
Before Being Caught the Animal
Finds and Devours a Box
of Plums.
, Wallace, Idaho.—A bear, more hun
gry than wise apparently, strolled into
Wallace at night and for an hour or
two there was considerable excite
ment until the animal was finally
lassoed and made a prisoner. Bruin
was first noticed crossing the railroad
tracks opposite the baseball park.
Becoming frightened at the headlight
of an engine, he crossed the river,
crawled over the retaining wall,
passed through the library park and
walked through the Kelly flats, finally
entering the woodshed of John Ma
honey, where he devoured a box of
By this time word had been circu
lated that Bruin was in town and
searching parties were organized. For
He Was Lassoed.
more than an hour there was no sight
of the animal, although the town was
scoured by the searching parties of
men and small boys, all anxious and
willing for combat.
Finally the bear was sighted in the
rear of the blacksmith shop at Fifth
and Pine streets. He was lassoed and
after some persuasion with a pick
handle was led to the rear of the
Metropolitan lodging house, where he
was given quarters for the night
During the excitement several per
sons unknowingly walked into the
furry quadruped and then there was
the usual scurry to give him plenty
of room.
Laziest Man in the Country Dies; Was
in Bed for Fifteen
Jerseyville, 111.—After fifteen years
of complete rest, during which time
he refused to get out of bed on any
account, even to get his meals or be
shaved, John Muncray, the most tired
farmer in Illinois, died at the county
home here. Muncray was seventy
years old, but since his retirement
from action of any sort at the age of
fifty-five the physicians attending him
could find no trace of physical dis
ability to explain his utter laziness.
He died, apparently, because he was
weary of breathing.
Soon after his arrival at the county
farm fifteen years ago Muncray was
set to work doing chores about the
barns of the Institution. He yawned
continually and groaned occasionally.
The men who worked near him used
to say that for his age he was about
as agile at ducking work as anyone
they had ever encountered.
Finally, one blustery March day
Muncray lay right down next to some
work he was doing and refused to get
i*p. Physicians were called and he
was put to bed, but examination
showed that there was nothing the
matter with him. He, however, pro
tested that he was ill beyond words
and refused to get out of bed. He lay
contentedly until summer, rolled over
during the fall and lay flat on his back
the following winter; ditto the next
four seasons and ditto the next four
teen years.
Arctic Explorer Returns With a Grew
some Story From the Far
New York. —Dillon Wallace, the
Arctic explorer, tells of visiting an
Eskimo village called Nartartuk,
where he found the natives astir over
a recent tragedy. An elderly man
visiting the village with his sixteen
year-old son woke up one morning to
find a big polar bear standing over
the half-eaten body of his son.
The Eskimos attacked the bear and
killed it. When its body was exam
ined it was found to be much ema
ciated. Its attack on the boy created
great surprise, as no one could re
member of a polar bear being driven,
even by hunger, to kill a human
Identified by Green Ribbon.
New York. —Miss Katie O’Donnell,
sixteen, arrived here from Ireland with
a big green bow tied to her arm. She
told immigration officials a woman rel
ative, who was to meet her at the pier,
had asked her to wear the ribbon so
that she could be identified.
Slit Skirt Caused Flirtation.
Milwaukee, Wis. —Arthur C. Platt
and Aneton Pelatori, charged with
flirting with Laura Selke, were dis
charged when Judge Page was shown
a “slit” skirt, which, the prisoners
said, prompted them to flirt with Miss
Hits Mother instead of Cow.
Clark Station, Ky.—Mrs. Barbara
Weller, wife of a farmer residing near
here, was struck on the head with a
rock thrown at a cow by her young
son, and received injuries that may
prove fatal.
Arriving in California on Brake
Beam Decides to Settle
Train Crews Tell of Seeing Him at
Various Points Along the Line Dur
ing Last Two Years—Was Born In
a Box Car.
San Diego, Cal. —Tom, hobo cat, box
car tourist, sensational high jumper
and all-round well-known railroad
character, has made his headquarters
at, the Santa Fe D street freight house
for the last four months. He is to be
seen almost any time, sometimes sleep
ing on a bale of cotton and sometimes
outside on a favorite box car brake
Little is known about Tom except
that he appeared here four months
ago when a freight train pulled in
from Santa Ana. He crawled out from
the brake rods in true hobo style,
shook the dust from his furry coat
and strolled into the warehouse, where
he has made his home ever since.
Caboose crews tell of seeing him
at various points along the line dur
ing the last two years, and it is said
that he came originally from Denver,
where he was born in a box car of
the Denver and Rio Grande.
Charles Webster, employed at the
freight house, makes Tom his special
care, although all the other employes
there vie with him for the favor of the
hobo cat. But Webster is the only
one from whom Tom will accept food.
Webster buys fish from a fish house
across the street and keeps the cat
supplied with plenty of food all the
time. The cat scornfully refuses all
proffers of food from anyone else.
Tom can jump from the ground to
the top of a box car. He demonstrates
this remarkable feat of agility sev
eral times a day, whenever the notion
strikes him to take the sun. He will
fight a buzz saw, and no dog ever
made him run, according to the rail
road men.
His friends in the freight house
watch every outgoing train lest Tom
Ii 1 l
Crawled Out From the Brake Rods.
become imbued again with the old
wanderlust and “hit the road.”
The caboose crews are especially
eager to get him, and it is said the
Los Angeles railroad men have a
standing reward of $lO for anyone who
will bring the famous railroad cat to
their town.
Emerges From a Crash With Ruffled
Hair —Once Fell One Hundred
and Seventy Feet.
Kansas City, Mo.—L. E. Trout,
known among his friends as “the man
who can’t be killed,” the other day
was sorted out from a pile of wood
and scrap iron that had constituted a
motorcycle and a buggy and found
once more to have “narrowly escaped
certain death.” Trout was precipitat
ed among the scraps by a collision.
He was found to have sustained a
skinned knuckle. His hair was
mussed up.
Five years ago Trout fell 170 feet
from the top of an office building
upon which he was working, crasiied
through a skylight at the bottom of
the light court and landed on his feet
on the smooth tiles of the ground
floor. He was in a hospital a few
days with bruises, abrasions and
About a year ago Trout was somer
saulted over a fence into a cabbage
patch when his motorcycle collided
with a cat. At that time his left arm
was fractured. The cat was killed.
Trout has advertised his business
by using as a delivery wagon a two
wheeled top buggy hitched to a mo
torcycle. His latest mishap resulted
when this contrivance ran into the
curbing at 25 miles an hour. Trout
was arrested recently for driving his
motorcycle 50 miles an hour with his
five-year-old son on the handlebars,
Girl Spurned Both Men.
South Norwalk, ' Conn. —Harold
Dunn and James Quinn bet five dol
lars that each possessed the love of
Sophie Desbrough. The girl spurned
both. The stakeholder, Percy St.
Clair, kept the money, whereupon
Dunjk struck St. Clair op the head
with a candelabrum. Dunn and St.
Clair were arrested and fined S2O
New Union Formed.
Los Angeles.—Beggars, from pencil
sellers to organ grinders, and “infor
mation bureaus” have organized a
union to fight a street ordinance to
drive them from city corners.
Liberty of Christian Sects Cur
tailed in Macedonia.
Less Freedom Allowed Now Than
There Was Under the Moslem Rule
—Newspaper Favors Military
Invasion to Restore Sway.
London. —The Ikdam notes what
others have also reported, that there;
is less religious liberty in Macedonia
now among the Christian sects than,
there was under Moslem rule, and it
favors a military invasion of Mace
donia to restore the sway of the
Crescent. It says:
"The Balkan war was to have lib-?
erated the various races from galling
servitude. It has not so resulted. It
has rather resulted in the loss of the
rights those races held under Otto
man rule, when the government rec
ognized the religious and civil officers
who were freely chosen by the sev
eral Christian communities. But the
various elements of the population
that, have fallen into the hands of the
Greek School at Alistrati, Burned by
the Bulgarians.
From “A Sad Page in Balkan History,”
Published at Athens.
Balkan government can no longer
possess the rights they formerly en
joyed. It Is therefore natural that
they should, all alike, without distinc
tion of race or religion, desire auto
nomy under Ottoman sovereignty.
This defines the present duty of the
Ottoman state, viz., to go forward re
lying on her military strength and es
tablish Macedonian autonomy. The
Greeks have no right to remain in
Kavala, or in Salonika, the capital of
the new principality. The Ottoman
army should advance beyond Salonika,
to Elassona, and enter Thessaly, and
cancel the claims of the Greeks to
the islands also. This erection of
Macedonia into an autonomous prin
cipality would serve the interests ofi
Roumania and of the great powers of
Europe, and make possible a real bal
ance of power -in the Balkans, and
stop the present deadly rivalry.
Band of Desperadoes Wipe Out Every
Member of a Large Family
But One.
Milan. —A band of outlaws has
meted out a dreadful vengeance on a
well-to-do Sicilian family named Cala
gero, who lived at Favara, near Paler
Several months ago the brigands
suspected the family of acting as spies
for the police and plotting to have
them captured while entertaining them
to dinner. The outlaws accordingly
sent Signor Calagero a black-edged
missive warning him that the whole
family would be wiped out before the
fall of the leaves.
On June 8 the father, mother and
two elder sons were found to have,
been murdered while asleep and the
two younger sons and their sister Fior
enza were thereupon taken away by
friends to Castrofillippo, in the hope of
averting further tragedy. It was in
vain, for a few nights ago the brigands
waylaid and shot all three.
The only surviving member of the
family is a married brother, with two
children, living in Brooklyn, N. Y.
Animal Gets Yellowstone National
Park Soldiers’ Rations by
Acrobatic Feats.
Washington.—The war department
has allowed the soldiers of Troop I,
First United States cavalry, stationed
in the Yellowstone National park,
SIO.BO for beef stolen by bears. The
department at first refused to allow
the claim, but later relented upon
receipt of details of the thefts.
Asked for particulars, Col. L. M.
Betts, in charge of the troopers, ex
plained that his men had taken every
precaution to save the meat from the,
bears, but were outwitted. A frame,
screened over and holding the meat,
was suspended in midair by wires
attached to four trees forming a
square. No corner of the frame was
within ten feet of any tree. To get
meat for meals the cooks used a lad
One night a bear climbed one of the
trees, went out on a limb 12 feet
above the meat, dropped on it and
bore it to the ground.
Grave Held Petrified Man.
Baltimore, Md. —After laying in a
grave for nearly nine years, the body
of Patrick Dugan, was found to have
become completely petrified. Its
weight was estimated at more than
600 pounds. The face and hands
were a light gray, while the clothes
were several shades darker. The
body was reinterred in another ceme
tery. Dugan was eighty-four years
old when he died.
Sneeze Causes Woman’s Death.
Calgary, Alb.—During an aerial act
here, John Bartlett, a young man,
hung by his knees from a trapeze,
while a woman assistant, hanging at
the end of a strap gripped in Bart
lett’s teeth, spun diz,zily in midair.
Unconsciously Bartlett sneezed and
the woman dropped 30 feet, alighting
in the orchestra pit. A hairpin was
driven into her skull, inflicting a fatal

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