MARYLAND NEWS j
IN SHORT ORDER
The Latest Gleanings From All
Over the State. i
Chestertown merchants have organ- i
Ized to draw shoppers to that town. >
Hagerstown’s Board of Trade has in- :
augurated a “safety first” campaign. ;
1 Advertising for a wife, Emmanuel ;
C. Fink, an Ijamsville farmer, receiv
ed 86 replies.
The trial of Mrs. Virginia Rutter, ;
Indicted for arson in Cecil county,
has been postponed until March.
The 176-acre Ward farm, near An- :
dora, has been bought by Harry W. ;
Coslett, of Philadelphia, for SB,OOO.
Many rabbits have been found dead ,
in the vicinity of Hopewell, supposed- ;
]y from cholera.
i The new Cecil County Commission
ers elected J. Frank Blake, of Childs, .
The revival in the Church of the
Brethren at Hagerstown closed with
The muskrat season has opened in
Wicomico county and the trappers find
the animals very plentiful.
The King’s Daughters will present
a stocking filled with presents to every
poor child in Hagerstown.
Harry J. Trentes, of Chambersburg,
has purchased the Temple Theatre, at
Hagerstown, from Ernest Westfall.
Two hundred dollars’ worth of
watches were stolen from C. Byron
Bender’s jewelry store in Hagerstown.
Elected a member of the legisla
ture, Richard A. Shallcross has re
signed as town commissioner of Rock
The Wilmington Distriot Epworth
League held an all-day institute at
Mrs. Keller, wife of R. D. Keller, was
injured in Funkstown by being struck
by an unidentified automobile.
Howard Baldwin, Robert Walker,
Willard Anderson and Weldon Tol
linger, of Aldino, have gone to Flor
ida to spend the winter.
Edward W. Taylor, of Elkton, who
has been reappointed a trustee of the
poor and insane in Cecil county, has
served 16 years in that position.
Authorities at Hancock are endeav
oring to locate the relatives of 18-
year-old James Dryer, of Philadelphia,
who came there suffering mentally'.
The new board of commissioners of
Cambridge organized Tuesday by re
electing Isaac O. Taylor, president, and
Emerson C. Harrington, counsel.
j Charged with trespassing while
hunting and assaulting Frank Long,
James W. Gearhart, of Hagerstown,
was arrested and held in S2OO bail
for a hearing.
Married three months ago, Mr. and
Mrs. John Boyd were nearly asphyx
iated by coal gas at the residence of
Mrs. Marion Harris, in Hagerstown,
where they boarded.
After being closed since early last
summer for general improvements,
the John Wesley Methodist Church,
near Princess Anne, was rededicated
Sunday with all-day services.
The People’s Banking Company
will open a new bank in Liberty next
month. The incorporators are Jas.
M. Sappington, B. F. Hammaker,
Maurice F. Starr and Milton Carter,
of this county, and S. Raympnd Seh
seney, of Carroll county. It has a
capital stock of SIO,OOO. About $6,-
000 has been spent for a site.
A movement has been inaugurated
at Rising Sun for better train service
to and from Baltimore. A petition is
being circulated and will be presented
to the Public Service Commission, ask
ing that the railroad company be com
pelled to show cause why the present
schedule, which, it is alleged, dis
criminates against Baltimore, should
not be abolished and better service
The Montgomery County Percheron
Horse Breeders’ Association was
organized with the following officers:
President, Major John McDonald;
vice-president, George C. Fry; secre
tary, William J. Stallsmith; directors,
Willis L. Moore, P. F. Gormley, G. A.
Jackson, Max W. Wenner and George
Dr. James J. Murphy was re-elected
chief of the medical staff of Annapolis
Emergency Hospital. Dr. Louis B.
Henkel was elected secretary, and Drs.
William Welch, Walton H. Hopkins
and John A. Russell were chosen
members of the executive committee.
The Montgomery County Commis
sioners have appointed Samuel D.
Byrd, of Dawsonville, a member of the
board of trustees of the county alms
house to represent the Third collection
district. He takes the place of Charles
Struck by an electric car, the buggy
of C. W. Ivershner, of near Hagers
town, was dragged 20 feet, but Mr.
and Mrs. Ivershner and their daugh
ter escaped injury.
A caveat was filed at Frederick
against the will of Miss Annie V.
Groshon, --ho left a $30,000 estate, 1
with numerous bequests to Lutheran I
Following the robbery of a dozen 1
residences in Hagerstown, a quantit) 1
of the loot was found hidden in sta- I
bles on the fair grounds.
FOR SMALLER ASSEMBLY.
State Senator Benson Proposes To
Raise Legislators’ Pay.
Believing that the adoption of his
idea will have the effect of encourag
ing high-grade men to seek election to
the General Assembly, State Senator,
Carville D. Benson, of Baltimore coun
ty, aroused considerable Interest by
announcing that he is working on a
plan for increasing the pay of legisla
tors without increasing the State’s ex
• To do this he suggests amendments
to the Constitution under which the
representation in both branches of the
Legislature will be materially reduced
while the terms of the members of the
House of Delegates will be increased
from 2 to 4 years—one-half of the
membership to be elected every two
years. In this way he figures election
dates can be so arranged that one
election will be dispensed with every
other year. Before this plan of Sen
ator Benson’s can be put into effect it
will be necessary to first amend that
section of the Constitution prescribing
how amendments to that instrument
shall be made. Otherwise, since at
present each section of the Constitu
tion must be amended separately, Mr.
Benson thinks any attempt to change
the representation in the General As
sembly would drag itself out into an
almost endless affair. Senator Ben
son said that if his plan is carried out
representation in the House and Sen
ate will be by districts instead of by
counties. These districts, he thinks,
should be based largely upon popula
tion, but not in such a manner as to
give Baltimore city absolute control.
He has not yet decided to what extent
the representation in either branch
should be reduced, but thinks the re
duction in the House should be pro
portionately larger than the reduction
in the Senate.
HARRISON SUIT UP DECEMBER 19.
Court Of Appeals Will Hear Worces
ter County Case.
The Court of Appeals completed the
hearing of cases on the October term
docket, but in announcing adjourn
ment Chief Judge Boyd said court
would be reconvened on Friday of this
week to hear the appeal of J. Samuel
Price and others, Supervisors of Elec
tions for Worcester county, against
Quince Ashburn, who was a candi
date for State Senator against Orlando
Harrison in the recent election in
Worcester. The case comes to the
appellate court from an order of the
Worcester County Circuit Court,
which granted the petition for a
mandamus filed by Ashburn to com
pel the Supervisors to count the vote
cast in the Stockton precinct, in which
the election officials disagreed and all
did not sign the returns. With that:
count left out Harrison was elected,
but had it been counted Ashburn, who
was the candidate on the People’s
party ticket, would have won by four
votes. The lower tribunal granted
the mandamus petition. Owing to the
fact that a seat in the Senate is at
stake and the General Assembly will
convene in less than a month, the
Court of Appeals was urged to hear
the case as soon as possible. The
court will render a decision promptly,
it is expected. William L. Marbury is
counsel for Ashburn and Alonzo L.
Miles, George H. Upshur and J. W.
Staton are handling the case for the
STATE GAME MEN MEET.
Want Uniform Charge For Gunners'
Licenses —Elect Officers.
At a meeting of the executive board
of the Maryland State Game and Fish
Protective Association a committee
was appointed to confer with former
State Senator Gorman in reference to
the State-Wide Game law to be pre
sented to the next Legislature. The
bill provides for a uniform charge of
$1 for a gunner’s license each year,
and for the increase of the State Game
Warden’s salary from $1,200 to $2,500,
the deputies to receive S6OO and S2OO
for expenses. It is thought that about
half of the $40,000 expected from the
tax can be devoted to buying and pro
tection of game. A public meeting
will be held next month at the Lyric,
when Joseph Kalfus, State Game
Warden of Pennsylvania, will give an
illustrated address on game. G. Ran
son Hartman was elected executive
secretary of the association and H. N.
Abercrombie, treasurer. Seventy-six
new members were enrolled.
McMASTERS HEAD TRAINER.
Will Have Charge Of Athletics At the
A notable change in the manner of
conducting certain branches of
athletics at the Naval Academy will
go into effect this spring, the general
charge of the training of all the
athletic squads with the possible ex
ception of the crew being turned over
to Jack McMasters, who for a num
ber of years has been trainer of the
football team and coach of the field
and track squad. L. H. Mang, senior
instructor in athletics, has been
designated to coach the field and track
men. It is believed that permission
will be given to send a relay team to
tne University of Pennsylvania games
The Naval Academy has become a
member of the Intercollegiate Indoor
Rifle Association and will have a
team entered in the competition which
will be carried on among the different
members during the winter.
NAVAL WEDDING PUT OFF.
Groom-To-Be Is On Duty In Mexican
The presence of some of the battle
ships of the Atlantic fleet in Mexican
waters has caused the postponement
ot at least one naval wedding, that of
Ensign Thomas S. McCloy and Miss
Elizabeth Wells, of Annapolis. The
wedding was set for December 17, but
has been postponed until the Ohio re
turns to American waters. Ensign
McCloy graduated from the Naval
Academy in 1911.
Federals and Rebels Obey
Order of American Admiral.
HALT IN BATTLE OF TAIViPICO.
Combatants Told By Admiral He
Would Open Fire On Them With
Guns Of Wheeling If Orders
Were Not Obeyed.
Mexico City.—Rear-Admiral Fletch
er, commander of the American naval
forces in Mexican waters, ordered the
rebels and Federals fighting at
Tampico to cease firing, threatening
to open upon them with the guns of
the gunboat Wheeling if his order was
not obeyed. Both sides complied with
This information is contained in a
dispatch received by Sir Lionel Car
den, the British Minister, from Rear-
Admiral Sir Christopher Cradock, of
the British cruiser Berwick, which is
lying off Tampico.
The Federals hold the centre of the
town of Tampico and the water front.
Rear-Admiral Fletcher has ordered
foreigners to take refuge on board
ships or to congregate on the water
front where they will be under the
protection of his guns.
Rebel Force Double Federals.
How many rebels are engaged in the
attack on Tampico is not known, but
it is estimated that their number is at
least twice that of the Federals and
their operations indicate that they ex
pect more men from Victoria, capital
of the State of Tamaulipas, which lies
half way between Tampico and
Monterey to the north. The rebels
who are in possession of yards and
shops and large stores of material
gnd equipment have actually detach
ed from their lines sufficient men to
undertake repairing the railroad north
and west from Tampico toward Vic
toria. The damage that has been
done this line, while enough to pre
vent the operation of trains, is not so
great that it will long delay a re
sumption of traffic. Most of the de
stroyed bridges being small ones can
be easily replaced. Repairs to the
road southward from Victoria also are
being rushed, and it is not improbable
that the rebels will be able to trans
port fresh troops and additional artil
lery supplies there before the govern
ment can get reinforcements to the
FOUR RAILROADS INDICTED.
Shipped Cattle Afflicted With Texas
Fever Without Marking.
Kansas City, Mo. —A Federal grand
Jury returned three indictments
against the-St. Louis and San Fran
cisco, two each the Missouri
Pacific and Missouri, Kansas and
Texas Railways, and one against the
Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe. It is
charged the railroads shipped cattle
afflicted with Texas fever to North
ern markets without placarding the
cars plainly with the words “South
$14,000 FOR MRS. GAILLARD.
House Recognizes Distinguished Serv
ices Of Canal Builder.
Washington.—ln.recognition of the
distinguished services of the late
Lieutenant Colonel David Duß. Gail
lard, U. S. A., as a member of the'
Isthmian Canal Commission, the
House passed a bill to appropriate
$14,000, the equivalent of a year’s
salary of a commissioner, for Mrs.
Gaillaid. Representative Adamson, of
Georgia, chairman of the Interstate
and Foreign Commerce Committee,
presented the bill and it was passed
A JURY OF WOMEN.
Death Sentence Postponed Until After
Birth Of Child.
London. —The first jury of women
to sit in London in 30 years was em
paneled to pass upon the case of Mrs.
Ada Annie Williams, 26 years old,
j who was sentenced to death for the
j murder of a child. The woman asked
for a stay of execution, stating that
she was about to become a mother.
BIG SPANISH BANK FAILS.
Reported To Be Overloaded With
Madrid. The Hispano-Americano
Bank suspended payment again Thurs
day. It had been obliged to do so
temporarily Wednesday owing to a
run, but the Bank of Spain came to its
assistance. It was reported that the
bank was overloaded with Mexican
300-POUND WOMAN ARRESTED.
Kate O’Brien Held In New York For
New York. —Kate O’Brien, aged 50,
weight 300 pounds, was arrested by
United States Secret Service men
charged with counterfeiting. She was
found in an East Side flat equipped
with, a complete outfit for making
small coins. The woman is said to
have been associated for years with
“Pete” Woods, an old-time counter
NEW SWISS PRESIDENT.
Col. Dr. Arthur Hoffman Elected By
the Federal Assembly.
Berne, Switzerland. —Col. Dr. Arthur
Hoffman, of St. Gall, was elected presi
dent of the Swiss Confederation for
1914, the Constitutional term being
one year. He received 180 of the 194
votes of the Federal Assembly. The
new president, who takes office on
January 1, is 56 years old and is now
vice-president of the republic and chief
of the military department. He is a
THE FROSTBURG SPxRIT, FROSTBURG, MD
(oSSiAR/S f ye.A'l ~ “ZMIW \
vvny Pont Vou /jpjj j ii'llfY N
0-' - feerriHO .wjQ 'jl .j j| joo
haCe't h ~T~p
Elsie De Wolf’s Complaint is
Dismissed By the Court.
DEMURRER IS SUSTAINED.
Criticised By Bourke Cockran —De-
clares That Inequalities Deny To
the Plaintiff Equal Protec
tion Of Law.
Chicago.—The suit to test the in
come tax law was thrown out of the
United States District Court here by
Judge Landis, who decided that he had
The effect of this decision, which
does not involve the constitutionality
of the law, is to send the case direct
to the Supreme Court of the United
The medium selected for the test Is
a suit at law in which Elsie de Wolfe,
former actress, a citizen of New York,
now resident at Versailles, France, Is
plaintiff, and the Continental and Com
mercial Trust and Savings Bank of
Chicago Is defendant;
Bank Held Back Tax.
W. Bourke Cockran, of New York,
and Colin C. H. Fyffe, of Chicago, ap
peared for Miss De Wolfe and Levy
Mayer, of Chicago, for the bank.
Miss De Wolfe, owner of 30 of the
Appalachian Power Company’s 5 per
cent, bonds, was refused payment by
the bank of interest due on the bonds
December 1 last, because she had not
filed the certificate of ownership which
the bank contends Is required by the
income tax law. Her suit is for inter
est due and damages in the sum of
In the presentation of his case At
torney Cockran asserted that the law
taxes only 423,000 persons out of a
population of 90,000,000, which tax, he
said, was Imposed on them without
their consent by the untaxed remain
der of the population.
His client’s income, he said, was
more than $20,000 a year, on which she
is taxed 1 per cent, on all in excess of
$3,000 and an additional tax of 1 per
cent, on all above $20,000.
He asserted that if this ratio were
equitably pursued, the income from the
tax would be $750,000,000, a sum prac
tically sufficient to defray all Govern
ment expenses. By its present in
equalities, he added, the income tax
would not be much more than SBO,-
Might Take It All.
Attorney Cockran insisted that If all
incomes were taxed in the same ratio
as that of the plaintiff, incomes of
more than $250,000 would be subject to
a penalty of 10 per cent, instead of the
present 5 per cent., those of $500,000
or more to a penalty of 20 per cent.,
instead of 6; incomes of a million
would be penalized 40 per cent, instead
of 7. A man with an income of $2,-
500,000 a year—and the- lawyer said
there were several In the country—
would be assessed 100 per cent., or, in
other words, would have to pay all in
come in excess of $2,500,000 into the
United States Treasury.
Thus, he argued, his client was not
granted the equal protection of the
law guaranteed by the Fourteenth
Amendment to the Constitution.
Mr. Mayer stated that the position
of the bank is that the law is Con
stitutional. In his demurrer filed yes
terday he further contended that the
bonds constitute a civil contract in no
wise involving Federal laws, and that
the Federal Court, therefore, had no
6 KILLED BY EXPLOSION.
1 700 Pounds Of Powder Blow Up At
Du Pont Subsidiary.
Wilmington, Del. —Six men were
killed and two injured in an explosion
‘ in the gelatine mixing house of the
1 rtepauno Chemical Company, at Gibbs
■ tpwn, N. J. The dead include Harry
: Horner, foreman; Howard Clark and
’ Herbert Mullen, all of Paulsboro,
1 N. J. —Seven hundred pounds of pow
' der blew up from a cause that will
never he known.
GETS PEACE PRIZE.
' Elihu Root Designated For Honor For
1912—Brussels Senator 1913.
Christiania, Norway.—Senator Elihu
- Roqt, of New York, was de ignated
' for the Nobel peace prize t.r 1912.
; The prize for 1913 was awarded to
l Senator Henri La Fontaine, of Brus
* sels, former president of the I e-rman
-1 ent Peace Bureau at Berne, Switzer
’ land. The award to Senator Root was
E made because of his work in the
1 pacification of Cuba and the Philip
OUT PETITION i
W. C. T. U. and Antisaloon 4
League Join Forces. ’
MASSMEETING AT CAPITOL !
Senator Sheppard Introduces Consti- .
tutional Amendment In Sen- i
ate—Mann Leads Vir
Washington.—Pour thousand men, j
women and children, braving a biting, '
raw wind, held an open-air massmeet
ing on the east front of the Capitol '
grounds and demanded of Congress
legislation that would drive the liquor
traffic from America.
The demonstration was under the
auspices of the National Woman’s
Christian Temperance Union. Pre
ceding it the “white ribbon” hosts 1
formed a lengthy procession at the
Raleigh Hotel and, singing the Mary
land State temperance song to the ,
tune of “Maryland, My Maryland,” ,
marched up Pennsylvania avenue to
Maryland took the leading role in
the “white ribbon” procession. Her
marching delegation, wearing ribbons ,
on which were printed “Maryland,”
was the largest in the parade.
Girl and Boy Lead Marchers.
The temperance parade was one of
1 the spectacular features of the pro
hibition demonstration. A 4-year-old
girl, Lillian Flower, of Massachusetts,
representing the cradle roll of the
Woman’s Christian Temperance Union,
marched in the vanguard of women,
and a 6-year-old boy, John Good, Jr.,
of the same State, marched with the
anti-saloon men. In the procession
was former Governor Malcolm R. Pat
terson, of Tenhesee, a recent convert
to national prohibition, and Governor
William Hodges Mann, of Virginia.
Governor Mann headed a delegation of
At the Capitol Senator Morris
Sheppard, of Texas, and Representa
tive Richmond Pearson Hobson, of
Alabama, were waiting to receive the
prohibition hosts. These two mem
bers of Congress were commissioned
by the temperance hosts to present
the petition of the “Committee of
1,000,” who asked for an amendment
to the Federal Constitution, prohibit
ing the manufacture and sale of in
toxicants in America.
Amendment In Senate.
Senator Sheppard introduced the
proposed constitutional amendment in
the Senate late in the day. Galleries
were only half full, but his address in
support of the amendment was
punctuated with outbursts of ap
plause, which Vice-President Marshall
made no effort to stop.
Senators Thompson and Owen
joined in the indorsement of the pro
The Anti-Saloon League forces
were led by Brig.-Gen. A. S. Daggett.
Mrs. Lillian M. N. Stevens, of Maine,
president-general of the Woman’s
Christian Temperance Union, mar
shaled the women, who waved ban
ners as they paraded down Pennsyl
WM. DEERING DEAD AT MIAMI.
Founder Of Harvester Business Left
Miami, Fla. William Deering,
founder of the Deering Harvester
Company, who has been ill here for
some time, died late Wednesday night.
Members of his immediate family
were with him when he passed away.
SIX MORE TOWNS FLOODED.
Four More Persons Drowned In the
Galveston, Texas.—Six additional
towns were inundated by the flood
waters of the Brazos and Colorado
Rivers. Four persons v T ere drowned
during the day. Suffering among the
marooned and defugees is intense.
One thousand families are homeless
and destitute. Relief trains are being
hindered because of the bad condition
of the railroads.
MAKES HIM SICK AND SORE.
Rochester Man Sues Miss Thornton
For $50,000, Dominates His Actions.
Scranton, Pa. Alleging that a
Scranton woman dominates him
psychologically and by metaphysics,
thought transference and telepathy,
makes him sick and sore at will,
Thomas F. Gannon, of Rochester,
N. Y., began an action in the United
States Court here to recover $50,000
•damages. Mrs. Margaret E. Gordon,
nee Miss Margaret E. Thornton, is the
defendant in the case.
No Money to Pay the Mexican
MANY THOUSAND REFUGEES
Future Of Huerta’s Northern Army
Dependent Upon Response To
Urgent Demands For Money
Sent To Mexican Capital.
Presidio, Tex. —With General Salva
dor Mercado’s northern division of the
federal army in bankruptcy, and with |
the soldiers threatening mutiny unless ;
they are paid, restraint is being en- 1
forced to prevent a general rush of
the federals across the river from i
Ojinaga into United States territory.
Driven from Chihuahua City, where j
they were besieged by rebels, to a
point where communication could be
opened, the army, representing the
strength of the Pluerta government in
the North, reached the border with
an empty treasury.
The future of the army was said to
depend upon the nature of responses
to urgent demands for money sent to
General Mercado himself before
evacuating Chihuahua and thus turn
ing it over to the rebels gave as one
reason for his act the lack of money
with which to pay his troops.
The appearance of his financial
agents on the American side soon after |
the arrival of the troops at Ojinaga, ]
and the fact that General Ynez j
Salazar and other officers at once com
municated with Mexico City, were no
surprise to American army officials,
who were apprised of conditions.
The United States troops here rein
forced by other troops along the
border were prepared for an emer
gency, having been informed that the
Mexican troops purposed rushing
across the border. Rebel agents
who went into Ojinaga also reported
that only the prompt payment of the
soldiers would appease them.
SAYRES AGAIN GUESTS OF PAGE.
Ambasador Invites Distinguished Com
pany To Meet Them.
London. —The American Ambassa
dor and Mrs. Walter H. Page gave a
second dinner in honor of Mr. and
Mrs. Francis Bowes Sayre. Among
the guests were Sir Edward Grey, the
British Foreign Secretary; the French
Ambassador, Paul Cambon; the Earl
and Countess of Halsbury; Cora,
Countess of Strafford; Baron Leigh
and Hon. M,iss Leigh, Hon. Charles
Napier Lawrence and Mrs. Lawrence,
Lady Paget, the president of the
Board of Trade, and Mrs. Sydney Bux
ton and the Rt. Rev. Sir William Boyd-
Carpenter, Canon of Westminster, and
PACKAGE DEALS DEATH.
Girl Stenographer Killed By Infernal
Machine Intended For Employer.
New York. —Miss Ida Anusewitz,
the 18-year-old stenographer for Wil
liam H. Callahan, president of the O.
iv. Bottling Company, was killed by
the explosion of an infernal machine
that had just been delivered to her in
this city by an expressman. Miss
Anusewitz, who lived with her parents
at 153 Suffolk street, was apparently
an innocent victim to a fiendish plot
to wreak vengeance upon her employ
er, for the package containing the ex
plosive was merely addressed to the
AMERICA EDUCATION CENTRE.
Argentina May Send More Than 100
Students a Year.
Washington.—Argentina may send
more than 100 students to the United
States to take up advanced work in
Harvard, Yale, Princeton and other
universities here. It was learned that
recommendation had been made to the
Argentine Congress, which is now con
sidering the matter, to provide for the
sending to the United States annually
of a large number of high-grade stu
dents from the four national uni
versities of Argentina.
HIRED TO SERVE SENTENCES.
Criminal Substitute System Believed
To Exist In New York.
New York. —The police discovered
a system whereby they believe minor
criminals sentenced to short terms
have been able to hire others to take
their places in prison. An investiga
tion was begun when a pickpocket,
who had been started on his way to
Blackwell’s Island December 1, was
found walking about this city. It is
said that many young men out of
work during the winter are willing to
sell their time as prison substitutes.
LARGE SUN SPOT SEEN.
Discovered By Father Ricard—lt
Covers Millions Of Miles.
San Jose, Cal. Father Jerome
Ricard, of Santa Clare University, dis
covered a sun spot, the largest seen
in two years. The spot is in longi
tude 9 degrees 14 minutes 24 seconds
east of the central meredian. It is
due to a heliocentric conjunction of
the earth and Saturn on December 7.
The new sun spot has an area of
409,936,709 square miles.
Votes For Children Now Being De
Washington. —“Votes for Children”
are being advocated by Mrs. Alice
Thatcher Post, wife of the Assistant
Secretary of Labor. She addressed a i
meeting of the Woman’s Single Tax
League, of Washington, on the sub
ject. “The individual soul is the ulti- ]
mate social unit,” said Mrs. Post.
“Male or female, old or young, rich or
poor, wise or foolish, the individual is
the citizen. ,
WAR IY BREAK
Count Witte Finds the Situation
MADE TOUR OF CONTINENT.
He Places His Chief Hope For the
Prevention Of War In the Char
acter and Intentions Of
St. Petersburg.—Count Witte, who
has recently returned from a tour of
| several of the more important Eu
: ropean capitals, says there is a grave
prospect of a great European war.
I Count Witte said the general situa
j tion in Europe impressed him as
! ominous and he was especially im
' pressed by the easy manner in which
the German government succeeded in
having the increased military budget
passed by the Reichstag and the
promptitude with which the tipper
class in Germany responded to the
financial appeal made to them in con
nection with the great military plans.
He was also surprised at the great
resistance shown in France to the
three years’ compulsory military serv
ice bill and the lack of enthusiasm
over the new loan, which really was
the cause of Its abandonment and the
fall of the Barthou ministry.
“The situation to my mind is ex
tremely grave,” said Count Witte.,
j “The only hope I have of a general
European war being averted is my
knowledge of the character and in
tentions of Emperor William. He has
declared that so long as he lives he
Will not permit a general war to break
out in Europe. If the situation is
taken in hand early enough he may be
able to prevent such a war; if not, I
dread to think what would follow. In
any event, now that Alexander 111. is
no more, Europe must look to the Ger
man Emperor as the strongest sup
porter of world peace.”
WOMEN WIN FIRST SKIRMISH.
Suit To Test Constitutionality Of Illi
nois Suffrage Law.
Chicago.—A suit to test the con
stitutionality of the woman’s suffrage
act passed by the last Illinois legisla
ture was dismissed for want of equity
by Judge Foell in the Superior Court
here. The case will go on appeal to
the Supreme Court of Illinois for final
ruling. The dismissed suit was
brought by William J. Scown, of Chi
cago, as a taxpayer and asked for an
injunction to restrain the election
commissioners from permitting women
to vote at elections previous to the
establishment of the constitutionality
of the act.
TO VOTE ON NEW YEAR’S DAY,
Elections Will Be Held In Many West J
Charleston, W. Va. —Although Jan
uary 1 is a legal holiday in West Vir
ginia, many cities and towns of the
State will hold municipal elections
that day. This became known, when
Attorney-General A. A. Lilly inter
preted the State election law for the
councils of several towns who had
questioned the legal status of elections
held on a holiday. The election
statute states that elections shall be
held in all cities and towns created
under Chapter 45 of the Code the first
Thursday in January next year.
MORE COTTON CORNER FINES.
Four Men-Who Plead No Defense As
sessed $4,000 Each.
New York.—Fines of $4,000 each
were imposed in the Federal District
Court here upon Eugene Scales, of
Texas; Frank Hayne and William
Brown, of New Orleans; Morris Roth
schild, of Missisippi, and Col, Robert
M. Thompson, of this city, on their
plea of nolo contendere to a charge
of cornering the cotton crop of 1909,
In violation of the Sherman Anti-
Trust law. James A. Patten, of Chi
cago, had previously been fined a simi
lar amount in the same case.
KEEP DOWN APPROPRIATIONS.
Democratic Leaders Agree Not To
Exceed This Year's Total.
Washington.—Speaker Clark, Demo
cratic Leader Underwood and the
chairmen of the House committees
which report appropriation bills
agreed to keep new appropriations
within the amount appropriated for
the present year, which was $1,098,-
•000,000. Millions will be pared off
pending hills. The Naval Appropria
tion bill, however, will retain the two
battleship program of the Administra
CARNEGIE BOARD CHAIRMAN.
Senator Root Succeeds Dr. Billings In
Washington.—Senator Elihu Root,
of New York, has been elected chair
man of the board of trustees of the
Carnegie Institute here. He succeeds
to the chair left vacant by Dr. Thomas
S. Billings, former director of the New
York Public Library. Andrew Car
negie, while not a member of the
board, attended the meeting at which
Senator Root was elected.
KILLS MAN SENT TO ARREST.
Farmer Fired On Officers And Was
Shot In Return.
Bluefield, W. Va. —Samuel Wyatt, a
farmer of Tazewell county, Virginia,
was shot and almost instantly killed
by George B. Fuller, jailer, of Taze-
J well county. A warrant had been is
j sued charging Wyatt with beating his
wife and Fuller and a man named Han
| man were sent to arrest him. When
they reached his home Wyatt opened
fire on Fuller. Fuller fired in return,
four bullets striking Wyatt. Fullei
was not arrested.
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