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iTO PREVENT FLOOD
RANSDELL WORKING FOR BIG APPROPRIATION FOR LOWER MISSISSIPPI. ASKS $60,000,000 AT ONCE Colonel Sibert Tells Senate Commit tee Panama Canal Was Built in Time Because Money Was Ready When Needed. By GEORGE CLINTON. Washington.—The senate commit tee on commerce which has been dis cussing the question of an appropria tion to prevent floods on the lower Mississippi river called Lieut. Col. Wil liam L. Sibert, formerly a member of the isthmian canal commission and who built the Gatun dam and locks, before it as a witness a day or two ago. Senator Ransdell of Louisiana was directly responsible for the summon ing of the army officer. The senator is anxious that congress should ap propriate a lump sum of $60,000,000 for levee work on the great river, a sum sufficient to complete the work, and he wants the appropriation made at once, and it was for this reason doubtless that the Panama canal engi neer was ordered to appear and give testimony. Senator Ransdell must be given credit for being a wise man. He was not anxious to ask the army officer witness much about the Mississippi river, but he did want to ask him why the Panama canal was built so' successfully and on time. Colonel Sibert told the committee that the Panama canal was built on time because the money was ready for the work when it was needed and that the engineers, knowing the cash was there, went ahead with the work of selecting the personnel for each particular piece of labor, bought the machinery and started things moving, and did this because they knew there would be no delay in getting the nec essary money. Congress May Sanction Plan. It is possible that before adjourn ment congress will sanction a plan of work which will put an end to floods in the lower Mississippi and prevent the recurrence of disasters which have caused the loss of many lives and of millions of dollars’ worth of property. It Is certain that an appropriation to begin the work will be forthcoming. The only doubt that exists is whether the lawmakers will commit the gov ernment in advance to the expenditure of the additional millions which will make the labor continuous until the end is reached. Senator Ransdell is an advocate of an immediate appropriation big enough to complete the levee system of the Mississippi river so that the re currence of the floods of other years can be avoided. The losses that have MNMMMMfc 3 urged, are much greater than the )*uih which will be nceueO to prevent a repetition of the damage in the future. The senator expected to and probably did score a point when he summoned one of the Pana ma canal engineers to appear before his committee and asked him what it was that put the Panama canal through so speedily and so well. So it may be that to the success of the isthmian waterway will be due the completion of the big work in the Mis sissippi valley. Think Labor Is a Class. When the senate finishes with the anti-trust measures the country will know just what measure of success representatives of labor and farmers’ organizations have had in their at temps to secure exemptions for the labor unions and the agricultural asso ciations from the provisions of the Sherman anti-trust law. Generally speaking, there appears to be a feeling in Washington that when the legislation is enacted it will be found the organizations named will be in nearly the same position they are in today except that there will be a defined status for them as that of associations which on their very face are not formed for purposes in re straint of trade. It might be said, however, that there is a feeling here, at least so far as the labor unions are concerned, that specific legislation af fecting them, a3 differentiated from other organizations, would be passed if it were not for the fact that in this country there are not supposed to be any classes. American students of economic and social conditions, congress has been told, hold that legislation affecting la bor should not be viewed from the same standpoint as that from which legislation for capital is looked upon. It seems that to some extent senators and representatives in congress are inclined to take this view of things themselves. A good deal of criticism has been passed in Washington because those members of congress who also are LATEST STYLE IN ROMANCES Some Advertising Mixed With Phrases Supplied by Novelists to Their Characters. They sat together in the parlor of the little house on the corner (For Sale or Rent After May First, Bissett, Real Estate), and in soft tones he told her of his love for her. “My darling,” he said, removing his cigars to the other side (the celebrat ed Percy B. Sheeley brand, three for a quarter) as he took her hand (Pan gate’s soap is the best, keeps the skin smooth) in his rough palm (no blis ters with Binger’s golf clubs, “I have delayed until now asking you if you will have me because my salary was not large enough even to get my life insured. (The Royal Palm Insurance Company, Tel. 7776 Barrington). But since the head of our firm has raised piy salary (Our Patent Weekly Pay Envelopes insure absolute secrecy— Badger’s), I now feel that I can sup port you.” members of unions champion labor’s cause as a unit. In the house there are sixteen representatives who carry union cards. Eleven of them are Dem ocrats, four are Republicans and one is a Progressive. They act unitedly for labor because they think labor is a class, that it needs special legisla tion for purposes of protection. Labor Union Congressmen. Here are the representatives in con gress who are members of labor unions: The Democrats are Repre sentatives Frank Buchanan of Illinois, who belongs to the Bridge and Struc- i tural Iron Workers’ union and was i international president four years; ( John A. Key of Ohio, a member of the 1 Typographical union; George E. Gor- ( man of Illinois; Isaac I. Sherwood of t Ohio; David J. Lewis of Maryland, a member of the miners’ union; Charles B. Smith of Buffalo, N. Y., a member 1 of the Typographical union; Robert 1 E. Lee of Pennsylvania, a member of 1 the miners’ union; Edward Keating of 1 Colorado, a member of the Typograph- i ical union; John J. Casey of Pennsyl- t vania, a member of the miners’ union, and Guy T. Helvering of Kansas. The Republicans are: William J. i Cary of Wisconsin, who was a tele- t graph operator; John R. Farr of Penn- j sylvania, Typographical union; E. E. i Roberts of Nevada, and Albert John- ] son of Washington, a member of the International Typographical union. The Progressive union card man in i the house is John I. Nolan of Callfor- < nia, who is a member of the Interna- 1 tional Molders’ union. i These men have worked in the open ( and aggressively for the cause of la bor. They have been helped by such members of congress as they could 1 influence and they have managed to i secure a strategic position in the ] house. i Five of these men are members of 1 the committee on labor and it may be said that virtually they control it. David J. Lewis of Maryland is chair- 3 man of the committee. Other union j members in the committee are Maher * of New York, Casey of Pennsylvania, i Keating of Colorado and Nolan of Cal- ] Ifornia. Representative Baltz of Illi nois, a member of the committee. Is a farmer and it should be remembered j that farmers also are seeking exemp- 1 tlon for their organizations from the j action of the anti-trust laws. Not one ] of these men is a member of either ( the committee on judiciary or that of interstate commerce, In which the anti-trust bills originated. ; Wilson on Business Depression. s Every official in public life in Wash- ( ington and every other man, too, nnaturally desires to have business ] safeguarded, big business as well as little business. The anti-trust bills, which are now before the senate, s after having gone through the house, 1 are supposed to supply the means of 1 getting after illegal business and to < make unpopular the forming of trusts or combinations in restraint of trade. Will the legislation which is now in < the course of passage do what it is ex- 1 pected to do? 1 The other day when the represents- 1 tives of manufacturing Industries of two middle western states called on President Wilson and spoke about j DUsmesß depression, Mr. Wilson told 1 them that they were in a psychological 1 state. He said in effect that if there 1 was business depression in places It was simply because his visitors had feared trouble and therefore had caused it by doing things suggested by fear rather than by reason. > There are a good many progres- ] sively Inclined members of all parties in congress, some people call them radicals, who say the Democratic ma- 1 jority in the two houses likewise is 1 suffering psychologically. Is this true? There are some things which are cer tain because they are apparent to the most casual observe?'. The anti-trust < measures when they were first formu lated were exceedingly drastic and they seemed to carry out every prom ise which had been made during the debates of recent years, that laws finally would be passed which would kill every trust that existed or was supposed to exist in the United States. Are the Bills Drastic Enough? The bills as finally drawn and ac- 1 cepted are not so drastic as originally they were. The question now remains whether are drastic enough to put illegal trusts out of business and to prevent the formation of such trusts in the future. .The Democrats say that the bills when made into law will accomplish this end. The Pro gressives and the progressive Republi cans say that the bills will do nothing of the kind, and there are some Demo crats who seem to agree with their opponents. On the other hand there are conservative Republicans who say that the bills go too far and that they will hurt business generally while be ing aimed only at illegal business. From this can be learned how vary ing is the viewpoint concerning the anti-trust bills which the senate is now discussing. It will take consider able time for the ensuing laws to prove either their power or their im potence. So it is that the final results of the anti-trust legislation probably will not show themselves in the com ing congressional campaign. While he had been speaking she had leaned back on the sofa (bargains at our annual Furniture Sale, Fifth Floor, Honeymaker’s), but now her lustrous eyes (Moonbeam Belladonna Powders) looked into his, and she whispered: "Is this a real proposal?” He clasped her in his sack suit (made to order with extra pair of trousers at Blinder’s, for S2B) and re plied: “How can you ask such a question? I love you madly, passionately. I would die willingly for you.” He drew from his pocket a ring (Go to Wab bleton’s for diamonds) and attempted to place it upon her finger. “One moment,” she whispered, shy ly. “Do I understand that you prom ise to marry me?” “I do.” Her wealth of hair (use Bandoline Lustre, the only permanent auburn hue) fell upon his shoulder. "Then,” she murmured sweetly, “I am yours,” as she leaned her other arm back of the sofa and touched a button in the wall. (Get the Pinker ton Dictagraph— mtot fails.) — Ufa. ■ Bobby Schang of the St. Joseph team is a brother of Wally Schang, of world’s series fame, and if the expec tations of Jack Holland, local base ball magnate, are carried into realiza tion Bob will be a greater catcher even than his brother. * * * Sam Krepps, second baseman of the Newport News team, and one of the Virginia State league’s star players, broke his left leg above the ankle at Norfolk, while sliding into a base. He will be out of the game for the rest of the season. • * * Clyde Goodwin, brilliant young shortstop of the Kansas City Feds, stole third with the bases full at Kan sas City the other day. He should be told they don’t do that in real “major” leagues any more. * * • The veteran shortstop, Joe O’Rourke, formerly manager of the Sacramento club, of the Pacific Coast league, has been purchased by the Wichita club from the Louisville club of the Ameri can association. * * • Chief of umpires, Bill Brennan, has been asked by a prominent base ball man of Havana, Cuba, to take the Federal league to the island after the regular season for an extensive ex hibition tour. • • • Bill Carrigan declares that the young shortstop, Everett Scott, will prove one of the real finds of the pres ent season. “He is a great fielder, a fine batter and a speed marvel,” says Manager Bill. • * * R. E. Lee, the star hitter of the Army base ball team, has been signed by the Chattanooga club. Lee failed in mathematics at West Point In the last quarter and was ineligible to play college ball. * • * If Herbert Pennock, Connie Mack’s young heaver, has anything, he should show it. Connie Mack and every one of his instructors has taken a hand in teaching the youngster how to pitch. • • * George Burns, the Tigers’ first sacker, is a Philadelphia man, and his friends there are rubbing it into Con nie Mack that he allowed so valuable a prospect to get awy from him. * * * Jack Henricks, manager of the In dianapolis team, is in the market for five ball players. One pitcher, two in fielders and two outfielders are wanted to strengthen the team. * * * Pitcher Bill Steen seems fated ,to have trotsble wltn his wrist. He broke it in May, fl!9;injured it again at New Orleans In March; and broke it once more in April last. + * * The Feds are considering entering Philadelphia next year. Several wealthy Quakers are after a franchise, and it is believed another team would pay well there. * * * Rip Hagerman, the tall, slatlike heaver of the Naps, has made himself quite solid with Manager Joe Birm ingham because of his winning ways. * * * It has been ten years since the Chi cago Cubs finished lower than third place, and in eight of those ten years they finished no worse than second. * * * Answering the pleadings of the At lanta club. Providence has waived its claim on Infielder Harry Holland and he is again in the Cracker lineup. * * * Jack Leary, the new first baseman of the St. Louis Browns, is said to be the best first-sacker that the Browns have had in many a year. * * * Hughie Jennings thinks much of his team this year, for he claims that the 1914 outfit is a stronger one than he had in 1907, 1908 or in 1909. * * * Marty Kavanaugh, the Harrison youth, and former member of the Newark team, is proving a strong in fielder for the Detroit club. • * * The talk that Snodgrass will suc ceed Stock at third for the Giants does not sound reasonable, for Stock is playing too good ball. * * Exertion of playing ball all winter has told on Sam Oawford, who, to save himself from fatigue, now hits nothing but home runs. * * * Manager Tinker of the Chicago Fe<j erals claims that in Zwilling, Beck and Wickland he has one of the strongest outfields in baseball. * a Says Otto Knabm “I’ll play the Phillies a seven-game series and win five any time they want to accept the challenge.” * * * The Kansas City Packers have a shortstop named Tappan, and he has been tappan ’em when hits were needed. * * * How can Charley Herzog’s team be expected to bat well now that the Cin cinnati base hit has been done away with? * * * The honor system Branch Rickey in stalled in the camp of the Browns seems to be a much better system than some of the old managers are using. * * * Frank Snyder, Cardinal backstop, Is the most improved catcher in St. Louis. He has a perfect wing and can also hit. • * • Milton Stock of the Giants is said to have the heaviest pair of legs seen in the majors since the days of Charley ftickmaa. THE FROSTBURG SPIRIT, FROSTBURG, MD. WID CONROY NOW A MANAGER William F. Conroy, who was well known as a major league player a few seasons ago, is now the manager of the Elmira team in the New York State league. Wid, as he is known to the fans, has never had any previous experience as a diamond pilot and his success or failure with the Elmira bunch this year will be watched with interest. Conroy was an infielder with the New York Americans for several seasons and was also with the Wash ington team. Lately he had been play ing with the Rochester club in the In ternational league. Despite the fact that the SL Louis Feds got away to a fine start and led the league by a good margin, St. Louis writers are enthusing over the Brook feds. They say Bradley’s team will be “in the hunt” all the way, with a glori ous chance to annex the pennant. • • * If anyone wants to get Manager George Stallings angry he simply has to refer to him as “a good loser.” * * * “Lefty” Waltrous, Yale’s sensational pitcher, has been lost to the nine through a scolarship technicality. * * * Manager Jack Dunn, of the Balti more International league team, thinks he has a wonder in Pitcher Ruth. * • * Branch Rickey says that he will be perfectly satisfied to have his team finish in fourth place this year. * * • Murray, the new outfielder with the Braves, throws left-handed, but is a natural right-handed batsman. * * • Eddie Murphy, the right fielder of the Mackmen, is doing the heavy hit ting for the world’s champions. * * * There are nearly fifty double-head ers stored up In the big leagues this season. SPORTING WORLD It is almost sure that Elmer Q. Oli phant, Purdue university’s most fa mous athlete and football star, will re main in the athletic limelight for a few more seasons, as he Ijas decided to take the examinations for entrance to the United States Naval academy. * * A new high jumping star looms up on the Pacific coast. He is Edward Beeson of the San Francisco Olympic club. Beeson is credited with clearing the bar at 6 feet 7% inches, one inch higher than the previous mark. * * * Jimmy Smith of Brooklyn retained the national all round bowling title at the close of the eighth annual meeting of the National Bowling association. Smith rolled an aggregate of 1,917 for the nine games. * * * Pennsylvania and Cornell have each won four times the cup emblematic of the intercollegiate track championship. 1 The trophy becomes the permanent possession of the college winning it five times. * * * The Army and Navy people are still squabbling over the score of the an nual football clash. Now someone has suggested that games be alter nated between Washington and New ' York. • • • In the recent University of Pennsyl vania relay races held in Philadelphia, 14 championships were captured by - athletes from beyond the Rocky moan l tains to the Atlantic coast • * * Harvard university still has an un beaten one mile relay team for the > college year of 1913-1914, they having 1 won at the recent University of Penn > sylvania relay races. • * • Efforts are being made by certain • lawn tennis enthusiasts in England to 1 have Canada and Australia play their > Davis cup preliminary in England this summer. * * * 1 The balloon Kansas City II will rep ■ resent the Kansas City Aero club in - the national elimination balloon race starting from St. Louis on July 7. * * Cleveland has 87 lawn tennis courts 1 owned by clubs, with scores of private 1 courts. The city authorities will lay > out 12 courts in various parts of that city. • * 1 Mike Donovan, for the last 30 years . instructor in boxing at the New York i Athletic club, will retire on a pension on September 1. * * • ) Cambridge university has accepted 1 an invitation to compete at the Uni ' versity of Pennsylvania relays next year. ■Migy i AND WUW Irmffllffl MANGANESE IN PHILIPPINES Export Dues Prevent Development of industry—Ore Discovered in Large Quantities. According to the bureau of science at Manila, manganese ore has been discovered in the Philippines in con slderable quantities, and it seemed : possible to develop the industry, but 1 when the matter was looked into it appeared that an export wharfage charge exists on all kinds of ore. If the ore were taken in ballast to Japan, this charge would not be se rious, but if it were shipped to the west coast of America, the freight rate would reduce profits to the van ishing point. The same is true in re gard to iron ore. A geologist from Japan in the em ploy of the Mitsui Bassau Kaisha, ex amined the iron deposits on a small island in Mambuloa bay in Ambos Camarines where iron ore occurs, but the royalty to be paid to the per sons owning the land, and the export dues, would leave little for the ex- i penses of mining and the profit. The bureau recommends that as i soon as possible the law should be 1 altered, remitting these export dues. i PLEASING TO HOUSEKEEPERS ! Objectionable Threshold Dispensed With by Invention of Hinge—Door Opening Is Sealed. The exposed threshold at interior doors leaves an unfinished appearance ' to the room which is objectionable to most housekeepers, and the inventor has endeavored to relieve her of this f __ , : i' 1 a Improved Door Hinge. eyesore by designing a hinge which dispenses entirely with the threshold. By consulting the accompanying cut it will be readily seen how, as the door Is opened, the action of the hinge is to "aise the bottom of the door about half 1 an inch so that it moves entirely free > of the carpet. As the door is closed the 1 lowest point is reached when the door reaches its place in the frame, so that he opening below is so slight that the loor opening is practically sealed. PLATINUM IN GOLD PLACERS 'rocess Invented for Saving Fine Pow dery Grains of This Metal in Oregon and Elsewhere. The constantly increasing demand for platinum, especially for the manu facture of gas mantles, has led to the invention of a process of saving the fine powdery grains of this metal 1 found in the gold placer deposits of 1 southern Oregon and elsewhere. This platinum, being in a state of 1 very fine division, almost in the form : of dust, will not settle in a placer 1 sluice so long as the water is briskly 1 stirred, says Popular Electricity. Aft- 1 er the metal-bearing water has passed 1 over a riffle table, on which nearly all the gold settles, it is drawn more slow ly over a cocoa mat riffle, on which the platinum settles, and ie then collected by rinsing the mats over tanks. For merly the platinum was all wasted, at first because its identity was not rec ognized, and afterward because no process was then known for saving it. Pencils From Germany. German pencil factories produce an nually about three million g-oss of lead, colored, copying and slate pen cils and penholders, which Consul Iffe states have a value of $2,500,000, but that the American output is greater ($4,500,000 in value in 1905). Windmill on Tubular Plan. An Oregon inventor’s windmill is mounted on a tubular column instead of a tower, and its blades, moving horizontally, are shielded when mov ing against the wind by a screen that is governed by a wind vane. Metal Railroad Ties. The scarcity of wood for general purposes and the increasing cost of wooden railway ties in Europe has en couraged the manufacture and general | use of metal ties in recent years in the , railways on the continent. About , seventy per cent of the ties in use on the federal railways of Switzerland are metal. Lead Pencil Manufacture. ’ Lead pencil manufacture in the United States is consuming 73,000,000 feet of lumber annually, of which about one-half is estimated to be | wasted in sharpening or throwing , away short ends. Improving Rubber. A Pennsylvania inventor claims to , have greatly increased the strength . and durability of rubber without im j pairing it in any way by adding vanadium as it is being manufac tured. [ Nails From Rubber. Rubber nails, for places where metal ones would corrode, are a novelty* from Germany. SANDPAPER PLANE IS HANDY Works Rapidly and Saves Person’s Fingers From Being Lacerated— Tool Is Popular. There are several types of sandpa pering planes, but one of the best is that designed by a Louisiana man and shown in the cut. It holds 12 sheets of sandpaper when full and saves the fingers from laceration. The base of the plane is detachably joined to the body and the sandpaper sheets are held in place by having their edges clamped between the two sections. When the outside sheet is worn out a knife is inserted under it and the lower part cut off. The remaining pieces are then pulled out of the clamp ing bars and a fresh sheet is ready for use. This tool is bound to be popular with carpenters, cabinet makers, paint - Sandpaper Plane. ers and woodworkers in general, as it is a big improvement over the primi tive method of sandpapering, where the workmen tacks a sheet of the sand paper on a board and then scrapes some of the skin off his fingers in using it. The plane, too, is capable of much faster work than a mere covered board, the handle and knob giving good purchase for pushing. GAS PIPES MADE OF PAPER Compressed, Dried and Otherwise Treated Tubes Become Rigid and Not Liable to Leakage. Serviceable gas pipes can be made out of paper, according to a French authority which states that such piping is now being manufactured by two processes. In the first, the pulp is run into a mold through which a mandrel passes. It is then compressed, dried and varnished, the tubes so produced being rigid, and but little liable to leakage. In the other process, sheets of manila paper are cut to a breadth equal to the desired length of the tube, and then given a bath in asphalt in a state of fusion. Then, when half cold, the sheets are rolled tightly and uni formly round an iron core, successive sheets being added until the desired thickness is attained. The tube is then subjected to pressure in a special machine and covered with fine sand, which adheres to the asphalt. TOOL TO REMOVE WALLPAPER Practical Implement Devised by Ger man Paper Hanger Does its Work Neatly and Quickly. A practical tool has been invented by a German paper hanger, by the aid of which old paper may be more readily removed from the walls of Tool for Removing Wallpaper. rooms, before hanging fresh wallpa per. A number of toothed disks are mounted on a shaft revolving in a yoke to which a handle is attached. By rolling this implement over the wall the paper is perforated, and when soaked in the ordinary way the mois ture penetrates between the wall and the old paper, making removal easy. [INDUSTRIAL] MECHANICAL m notes ml Norway is enjoying a boom in its clothespin industry. * * * Melted alum will effectively cement broken china or glass. * * * i A thin paste of wood ashes and lemon juice will renew tarnished brass. * * * England last year imported 18,496,- 000 hundredweights of refined sugar and candy. • * * In 1911 France had 3,009,626 bicy cles, as compared with 2,697,406 the previous year. • • • Pure turpentine will evaporate from white paper, leaving no trace; if adulterated, it will leave a spot. * * * A new English portable vacuum cleaner can be used as a seat, table, cabinet, music stool or pedestal. * * * In Germany there has been invented a fireproof celluloid, chiefly for use in automobile windows and windshields, • * * Though even Its tips are made of metal, a new flexible tube invented, in France for gas connections is leak proof. * * • The manufacture of a hydraulic binder from iron furnace slag has be come a commercial success in Ger many. * * * More than sixty-five million pounds of aluminum were consumed in vari ous industries in the United States last year—a new high record. * * * Nine mines in ten, the world over, are richer in the first thousand feet than in the second, and but few are worth operating below 3,000 feet. MYSTERYOF^SPHIN* French Savant Says It Once Wore Head Ornament. M. Hippolyte-Boussac Declares It Hia Belief That Foundations for Top Piece Formerly Rested in Cavities in Crown. Paris. —Since the discovery mora than a year ago of deep cavities in the crown of the Sphinx of Gizeh, Egypt ologists have debated much as to tha purpose which caused their construc tion. The suggestion that the great vacant spaces were intended for gal leries or chambers has been disputed and the question has assumed almost the importance of a second riddle oC the Sphinx. Now comes P. Hippolyte-Boussac. formerly a member of the Oriental in stitute of Cairo and a distinguished architect, with what may be the solu tion. In a learned article in Illustra tion he argues that the cavities con tained the foundations for the head or naments which, he believed, adorned, the Sphinx. "Every god of Egypt wore on his head a symbolic ornament, intended to designate his character,” writes M. The Sphinx Looked Like This Some 3,500 Years Ago, Says a French Egyptologist. Hipjpolyte-Boussac. “On the head of Ra, or Ammon Ra, were a solitary disk and two tall feathers. Representa tions of the head of Isis frequently show a disk between two heifer horns, surmounted by the inscription As, rep resenting her name. Nowre-Toum’s head was decked with a full-grown lotus, from which emerged symbolic feathers. “Thoth, the god of sciences, letters and arts, was often shown with the head of an ibis, having a wig with lap pets, surmounted by a disk and a cres cent. Examples might be multiplied; similar characteristics appeared among the other gods In the pantheons of the Pharaohs. With very few excep tions, these attributes are not confined to one divinity exclusively. They serve as emblems marking the roles played by each The Pharaohs themselves made use of them in the performance of certain religious cere monies. “The Sphinx was the image of the god Harmakhis —the sun at its setting —a divinity essentially funereal in as pect. Thus is explained his place in the necropolis at Memphis. As with the other Egyptian gods, his head was surmounted by a symbolic ornament, usually the Atew, or disk of the sun, which was worn also by Osiris, the god of the dead. This ornament con sisted of a white crown with two os trich plumes, a solitary disk and two rams’ horns. "It is know that the great Sphinx of Gizeh was cut out of a high cliff on the edge of the Libyan desert. The ancients were unable to fashion the head ornament while sculpturing the figure out of the mass of rock, but added it later. This process is some times followed in the case even of statuettes. It was necessary to dig deeply into the head in order to in sure the stability of the lofty orna ment which surmounted it. This was the purpose of the cavity which has been discovered in the head of this Sphinx. "As the ornament was not mono lithic, but was formed of superimposed strata, it must have been compara tively frail. It was threatened by the lightning, the rain, the sandstorms and winds of the desert. It did not figure at all on the bas-relief of the Sphinx in the time of Thotmes IV, in the eighteenth dynasty, which was shown crouching on a lofty pedestal. Doubtless in this epoch—about 1600 B. C. —the ornament already had been destroyed. The Sphinx was then more than 2,500 years old —older than the Parthenon of our day—and in this long stretch of centuries the symbolic accesory might well have fallen vic tim to the ravages of the elements. “In the temple of Djebel-Barkal the disks, placed much lower and appar ently being less frail, which surmount ed the heads of the other sphinxes, also have disappeared, although they had been carved out of the same block. When, in the sixteenth century before our era, Thotmes IV restored the great Sphinx, doubtless he consid ered it inadvisable to replace an or nament which had not proved durable. But the lappets, of which no trace re mains today existed then, in part, at least. They are indicated in a baa relief of the eighteenth dynasty.” Goes to Dinner in Aeroplane. Chicago.—Finding he would be lata for the dinner given In honor of Lin coln Beachey at the Aero club if h® traveled in any other way, Jack Vilas, a wealthy local sportsman flew to th club in his hydroaeroplane with a guest. Haymarket Survivors Dance Tango. Chicago.—Ninety-odd survivors of the famous Haymarket riot in 1886 cast aside the solemnity of previous anniversaries at their annual gather ing and danced the tango.