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TRIP TO PANAMA Notes from the Log of a Landlubber Who Goes Down to Sea in a Ship and Records His Impressions of the Strange Lands and People Seen and Met. EIGHTH LETTER. What will happen when the canal is opened? • This question is agitating the minds of the great majority at the present time. Those who are not in a position to know exactly the situation as it is are somehow of the opinion that a great commercial awakening will at once be manifest. Those in a position to know are of the contrary opinion. Gradual Increase of Trade. I have talked with harbor masters, sea captains, shippers and engineers .and they are not looking for a great upheaval in the paths of commerce. In time, yes. But not at once. The country will have to be developed first, and lines of trade apened up. South and Central America are as yet unacquainted with the United States. There are in these coun tries thousands and thousands of acres of undeveloped land which can be made to produce abundantly. All the way down the Pacific coast extends a vast desert, backed up and screened from the rainfall by the Andes mountains. This desert only lacks water to make it the richest producing ground in the world. The mountain streams at the back make possible all kinds of irrigating schemes. It has been found that cotton will grow in paying quanti ties on this land and of a staple which at present is one of the most valuable on the market. Southern States Will Benefit. No region in the United States can feel the immediate benefit of the new route to the same extent as the Southern States and the vast valley of the Mississippi. The latter terri tory the richest in all the world, one and a quarter million square miles in extent, intersected by five thousand miles of navigable water way, with prolific soil and energetic people, will find new markets and a new outlet for its varied products other than expensive railroad trans poration. Chicago is nearly the same distance from New Oreleans as from New York, but St. Paul, Omaha, Dubuque, Evansville and Denver are nearer to the former than to the latter. It is quite probable that the present generation will see ocean steamships coming down from Duluth through the great lakes, an inland canal, and the Mississippi river to the Gulf of Mexico and pass ing on to the Pacific and Asian ports. Must Get Acquainted With South America. But all this will take time. There will be no immediate increase in trade for the route will be new and it will take time to attract the at tention of shippers to the advantages of this route. Another thing which will hinder is the evident disregard of American exporters of the advan tages of South American trade. The average American is as ignorant of true conditions south of the equator as he is of the laws of the Hotten tots. We will have to learn that if we get their good will we will have to approach them in a different man ner than we do now. We must study their ideals and learn to approach them on a common ground of under standing. We will first of all have to learn to speak Spanish and how to approach these people and show some common understanding of things as they are, and be able to talk it over in their own language. Germany and Great Britain have learned this lesson long ago and they are enjoying a fine trade with South America. We send our chil dren to school and teach them Latin and Greek and possibly a little French, if we desire to be real fash ionable, and when they get all thru they are about as useful as a golf stick at the breakfast table. If we followed the German idea we would learn the language of the fellow who could do us the most good and then go after him. Costa Rica a Land of Promise. I met a lady on the boat whose home was in Plainfield, New Jersey. She was returning from a visit to her son in Costa Rica. Costa Rica is one of the first countries to the west of the Panama Canal Zone and one that will greatly benefit by the increased transporation facilities which are bound to follow the open ing of the canal to traffic. The lady from Plainfield told me that when preparing to visit Costa Rico she was astonished at the ignorance of our people in relation to this country. Half of her friends han never heard of the country and the other half were perfectly positive that she was going to visit Porto Rico. Such as tonishing ignorance is not confined to Plainfield. Not one person out of a thousand at the average break fast table can tell where the bananas come from which they eat. To this end I am going to give a brief de scription of this rather remarkable country. Costa Rico is the southern state in Central America and is sur rounded by two oceans and several Latin American revolutions. It is shaken down occasionally by earth quakes and all the time by the Unit ed Fruit Company who are said to own everything in the country ex cept the gold lace on the president’s uniform. American Dollars More Welcome Than Americans. However this may be it is a fact that this company owns the railroad and the electric light privileges and all the fruit land. Their rival, the Atlantic Fruit Co. tried to get a foothold here but were crowded out. I was going to say fi 'ce out but that don’t sound just right in Costa Rico. Costa Rico is one vast garden spot, where the largest fruit in the tropics grows. Besides fruit they raise vast quantities of coffee. In this country where the Ameri can dollars have done so much in the way of development, the Ameri cans themselves are not held in high esteem, but they are tolerated be cause they have taught a new stand ard of living and the American is something of a necessity whether they like him or not. Where Fireless Cookers Would be Popular. The native Costa Rican has a nat ural dread of fire. They know the horrors following earthquake and ac cordingly have come to do without fire wherever possible. They do not mind the house falling down so much ase they do what comes after. To this end such cooking as they do is done out doors, and they wash their clothes in cold water. Since the American invasion they have come to use electric cooking and heating devices and as current is sold very cheap this has come to be the standard wherever possible to get the current In San Jose, the capital city, electricity enters into the necessities of everyday life with the great majority of the people. I am one of those who do not ap prove of Americans trotting over to Europe to gaze on the stage settings as prepared by the innocent natives, not at least until the sights worth seeing on this side have been ex hausted. For instance in San Jose they have one of the finest threatres in the world. It was designed by the architects who planned the Congres sional library. How many of our European travelers have seen this theatre. Probably there are thou sands of Americans who know all about the cathedral at Milan who have never heard of Costa Rico and some who know nothing of the Con gressional Library. The Municipal Wash Tub. A peculiar custom in San Jose is the municipal wash tub. As above mentioned the natives dread fire and will not put a hand in hot water. All laundrying is done in cold water. One of the priests gave the city a municipal wash tub which consists of cement basins fed by mountain streams. Each woman has a com partment and here in the center of the city the native women gather and do their laundrying. While nothing but cold water is used it is said the laundry work of these na tive women surpasses our northern methods. The clothes are alternate ly bleached and sprinkled and allow ed to remain spread on the cactus bushes for three days before iron ing. Looking Down Two Sides of a Con tinent. I met a native Costa Rican at Co lon and learned that he lived at an altitude of six thousand feet. He is high enough to be in the temperate zone and raises many crops such as we raise in New York state. Below him he can look down on the coffee | plantations and on other tropic veg etation. He can view two oceans from his front porch and if he were cross eyed could look down two ’ sides of a continent at the same time. His particular avocation is , collecting orchids which he purchas | es from the natives for a few pen nies and ' sells in Havana for S2O each. Orchids are almost as com mon there as dandelions with us. ; One lady I met had three sprays containing twenty seven blossoms which she purchased from a native boy for five cents. This is Costa Rico, a land of prom ise if only the government could be made over, or the people, or both. Nature has lavished her choicest ca resses on this devoted land. Every thing here is on a big scale. The towering mountains, the giant for : ests, the tropical abundance of fruit and flower is nowhere equalled. At night the perfume from the coffee plantations during the blooming 1 season'is so heavy and aromatic as almost to deaden the senses. The production is enormous, and all this in spite of the fact that this was an ; old settled country when Buffalo and Cleveland and Chicago were a wilderness. Ancient Civilization. And before the coming of the white man and before the coming of the Indian, even before the era of the pyramids of Egypt this was a settled country. All through Cen i tral America are pre-historic ruins 1 showing unmistakable evidence of a civilization of which no record is left save their ruined temples and i pottery. This was a country peo pled by a civilized race ages and ages ago—how long nobody knows, but long enough so that the Roman Empire and the Egyptian dynasties ■ are comparatively modern. People who go wandering off to Europe, guide book in hand, to gaze on the pyramids and prowl through Pompeii and stand before the Acropolis, will find enough to hold their attention and excite there curiosity and stimulate their desire to unravel mystery right here almost within sight of the newly acquired territory of the United States, the Panama Canal Zone. LOU D. MacWETHY. Historic Beard. The longest beard recorded In hi* tory was that of John Mayo, painter to the Emperor Charles Y. Though he was a tall man it is said that his beard was of such a length that he could tread upon it. He was very vain of it and usually fastened it with a ribbon to his buttonhole, and some times he would untie it by command of the emperor, who took great de light in seeing the wind blow it in the faces of his courtiers. THINGS ALL OUGHT TO KNOW As Christian Bible Students—The Sat isfactory Proof of “Why God Permits Evil.” One of the questions which comes to nearly every thinking mind today is. “Why does God permit evil?" As we look about us in the world we observe that it is filled with sorrow and trouble, sickness and pain and every trial we could enumerate, and we cannot help wondering WHY GOD ALLOWS IT. We realize that He is almighty and that He could prevent it if He wished We read in His Word that He is more willing to do for Ills children than are earthly parents for theirs, and we know how much that means; yet of tentimes it seems that those who try to do and live right have the most trouble. This question is made very clear in a book entitled, “The Divine Plan of the Ages.” Every statement is backed by Scripture, and shows that while God does not sanction evil HE HAS HAD A PURPOSE IN ALLOW ING SIN AND DEATH TO REIGN THESE SIX THOUSAND YEARS. This and many other subjects of deep interest to all of God’s people are dis cussed fully and in language easy of comprehension. In English, German, Swedish, Dano Norwegian, Italian, French, Greek. Hungarian, Spanish, Polish, Holland ish, Finnish. [Syriac and Turko-Ar menian in preparation.] 355 pages, cloth bound, 35 cents post paid. Address Bible and Tract Socie ty, 17 Hicks Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. c Uneeda Biscuit Nourishment—fine fla vor—purity—crispness All for 5 cents, in the moisture-proof package. Baroset Biscuit Round, thin, tender— with a delightful flavor —appropriate forlunch eon, tea and dinner. io cents. Craham Crackers A food for every day. Crisp, tasty and strengthening. Fresh baked and fresh de livered. io cents. Buy biscuit baked by NATIONAL BISCUIT COMPANY Always look for that name IgMIfiTGiiEN 1K(oIIPROARI) HOW TO COOK WHITEFISH. BREAKFAST MENU. Steamed Figs. Cereal With Cream. Broiled Whitetlsh. Rolls. Coffee. WHITEFISH may be served in a number of attractive ways for the Lenten dinner. It can be sent to the table with watercress or cucumbers. When these are not to be had It may be simply dressed with sprigs of parsley. The following ways for cooking it are very’ nice: Minced Whitefish.—Take three smok ed whitefish: soak overnight in fresh water. In the morning boil for five minutes. When cooked, remove the skin and bones, shred into small par ticles, make a paste and cook one-half cupful of milk, with one teaspoonful of flour and one and one-half teaspoonfuls of butter Mix with shredded fish and serve on toast. Nicely Browned. Broiled Whitefish. Wipe the fish , with a damp cloth and lay skin side ' down on the greased grill for broiling. ! When thoroughly heated, rub with but ! ter. so the fish will brown. Cook until , the flesh will flake from the bones and ; it is well browned. Then season and lift to a hot platter. I Whitefish With Cucumbers.—Wrap one pound whitefish in cheesecloth and ( boil gently for twenty minutes in water enough to cover it. To this add one teaspoonful salt and one teaspoon fill vinegar. Flake the fish and place in a buttered casserole. Pour over It a lemon sauce and cover with buttered crumbs. Bake in a moderate oven flf teen minutes. Place the casserole on a plate and surround the fish with slices of cucumbers which have been mari nated with French dressing. Baked on a Board. Planked Whitefish. Take a five pound whitefish or two smaller ones. Scale, clean and cut open down the middle with a small knife. Loosen the backbone at the neck until you can take hold of it and gently draw it out Rinse the fish and place back down ward on a piece of hardwood plank. (A dripping pan will answer, but does not impart the same flavor.) Dot with small pieces of butter, pepper and salt Sprinkle over it the juice of a lemon Bake in rather quick oven. Serve with sauce. Avoid Worry. An eminent physician has stated, as a result of his experience, his opinion that worry kills more people than any single known disease, and is acount able for much of the degeneracy of the present day. It ages more certainly than the hardest work, covering the face with the fretwork of unrest. But this will yield to force of will, a deter mination to fight against it constantly and strenuously. GET WISE and advertise. This paper is a good medium. THE FROSTBURG FROSTBURG, MD. ible-stu dy • o n*— “CALLED OF GOD, AS WAS AARON” Hebrews 4:14; s:lo—June 28. “The Son of Man came to seek and to save that which was lost.”—Luke 19:10. CODAY’S lesson deals with the Priesthood of Jesus and His Church. He is “the High Priest of our profession,” or order. The Jews found it difficult to understand how Jesus could be asso ciated with the priesthood; for God had confined the priestly office to the family of Aaron, of the tribe of Levi. St. Paul argues that because the Church can by faith recognize Jesus as our great High Priest and know that He has sympathy for our imperfec tions, therefore we can come to Him with great courage, that we may ob tain mercy and find grace to help in every time of need. But these blessed assurances are without force unless we realize that Jesus is our High Priest. Aaronic Priests Were Typical. The Apostle reasons (5:1) that all Jew ish priests were taken from amongst their fellows and especially ordain- Agfal Lj TT ed, or set apart p 1 5 5 3 to represent their i] j - = people before God, offering both their gifts and their sacri- Iwiffim flees for sin. These priests could sympathize I" with the people, because they were subject to the same weak- Melchizedck Biny and Priest. nesses, and need ed the forgiveness of their own sins. But no one could take this office of himself. God must call him. So, the Apostle points out, Christ, the High Priest spiritual, and His elect Church, the Royal Priesthood on the spirit plane, must also be called of God. God honored Christ in this way, say ing, “Thou art My Son; today have I begotten Thee”; “Thou art a Priest for ever after the Order of Melchizedek.” Because of this Divine call, the Apos tle declares that Christ is not a priest after the order of Aaron—an earthly priest; but that although typified by Aaron in respect to an earthly sacri fice, He is really a glorified Priest, after the Order of Melchizedek, who was both king and priest. So Christ in glory is not a man. He is the glorified Kingly Priest, able and willing to suc cor His saints in all their trials. “In the Days of His Flesh." Then the Apostle shows the connec tion between the glorious Kingly Priest beyond the veil and the suffering Jesus in the flesh. (5:7.) When he writes, “in the days of His flesh,” we understand that those days are ended. As St. Peter explains, “He was put to death in flesh, but quickened in spirit”—in the Resurrection. St. Paul seeks to give Jesus’ followers confidence in His ability to sympathize with all their troubles. Therefore the Apostle de clares that Jesus “in the days of His flesh, * * * was heard in respect to that thing which He feared.” Our minds instinctively recall the Master’s experiences in Gethsemane— His prayers. His tears, His agony and bloody sweat The Apostle’s sugges tion is that He who had Himself pass ed through such trying experiences, and who is now in Heavenly glory and power, will surely succor all His true followers, even though He may allow them to have Gethsemane experiences. Jesus’ sufferings, the Apostle shows, were not because He was a sinner, but because He was a Son, whose loyalty the Father would prove. Jesus’ suffer ings were not only to constitute a sac rifice for human sin and make possible human Restitution, but were necessary to the Master. As the Apostle says. He was perfected through suffering. Jesus had entered into a Covenant of Sacrifice—to prove Himself loyal to the Father’s will, even unto death. He had the promise of perfection on the Divine plane as a reward, if He would fulfil His Covenant faithfully. The be ginning of this new nature was grant ed Him at His baptism, when He was begotten of the Holy Spirit. But this new nature needed development, or perfecting; and for this purpose trials and difficulties were permitted. Saving Him From Death. Having entered into this Covenant ot Sacrifice, the Master realized that fail ure would cost Him His all. Hence In Gethsemane His strong crying and tears were caused by the fear lest He had failed to fully comply with the Di vine requirements, and thus should be unworthy of a resurrection. But He was delivered from the fear of death. From that , moment onward TV- was le calnl ' y\\ est of the calm. M\\\ in all the stress V. that followed. Doubtless the Fa ther had assured *■-== Him that thus far In the Days ot Bis lie had proved Flesh - faithful. On the basis of His own victory and exaltation Jesus is "the Author of eter nal salvation unto ail that obey Him." The first salvation is that of the Church, a Little Flock, a Royal Priest hood. These are to be saved to the same glorious station which Jesus has Himself attained, and by the same narrow way. Additionally, He will be the Author of eternal salvation to as many of mankind as will obey Him during His Messianic Reign. All who then refuse to obey Him will be de stroyed in the Second Death. IF YOUR GUTS CAN STAND A DRINK of booze a day. it’s a cinch 1 that your pocketbook can stand a 1 trifle less than 3 cents a week for ’ your home paper. Eh? What? i THERE’S SOMETHING WRONG r with any citizen of Frostburg who j will not enroll his name as a sub ; scriber to this neatly printed, well . edited and newsy home paper at , $1.50 per year, a little less than 3 cents per week. THE PRINTER WHO PRINTS > the best is “Uncle Pete,” No. 9 Mechanic street. Farmers Day Proves a Great Success Farmers and Their Families Five Hun dred Strong Inspect Their Agricul tural College and Experiment Station In Person —What They Saw and What They Learned. Weather conditions were perfect for the second annual celebration of "Farmers’ Day” at the Agricultural College. The first visitors to arrive were members of the Patapsco Fann ers’ Club of Howard County, which is pne of the most progressive organiza tions of its kind in the State. From eight o’clock on, automobiles and car riages continued to arrive, the bulk of the crowd, however, coming on the ten o’clock express from Baltimore, which brought representatives from northern counties and the Eastern Shore. The inspection of the experimental plots began promptly at ten, the visi tors making short work of the straw berry patch which for one day in the year was free to all comers for taste- Ing as well as observing. Much time was spent on the grass experiments where the farmers saw actually demonstrated before them why one field will grow twice as much hay as another because of the kind of ferti lizer used. Special spraying demon strations were given for the benefit of the members of the Horticultural So ciety who were holding their summer field meeting as a part of “Farmers’ Day.” Neither were the farm women and children neglected. While their husbands and fathers were inspecting the new hog plant and the dairy barns, the women folk descended on the poul try establishment to see the latest things out in chicken styles and houses. DEDICATION EXERCISES. At noon, the entire crowd gathered on the college campus for lunch where for an hour or two everyone was busy getting better acquainted with new friends from every part of the State. Grangers, particularly, were present in goodly numbers, a newly-organized Grange from La Plata, in Charles county coming in a body to attend the celebration. They, with many other guests, attended the dedication exer cises of the afternoon. These includ ed addresses by the Hon. James F. Monroe, Henry H. Holzapfel, Jr., Con gressman Wm. P. Borland from Mis souri, and others, all of whom paid glowing tributes to Chas. B. Calvert, one of the founders of agricultural education in Maryland and after whom the new building, Calvert Hall, was named. Representative Borland, par ticularly, interested his audience. The closing event of the day was the formal dedication of the new build ing, President H. J. Patterson on be half of the Board of Trustees naming it Calvert Hall. The tablet commem orating this dedication was unveiled by Mrs. Charlotte Calvert Spence, rep resenting the Calvert family. No one 1 present could doubt the success of the occasion as a real day for farmers and farmers’ wives or the benefits they found in the instruction and social gathering together that went with the day at their Agricultural College. t 'F . < BACHELORS’ HEADQUARTERS. ROY H. WAITE. Maryland Agricultural Experiment Station. On many farms all the eggs are fer tile because the males are allowed to run with the flock. Such eggs are often held in a warm room for a week or more and then carried to town in the boiling hot sun. The germ starts to develop, then dies, and the egg spoils very quickly. Is it any wondei that there are so many bad eggs spoil ed every year? Sterile or infertile eggs keep much longer than do fertile ones, especially during the summer months. This be ing the case, let’s put the better prod uct on the market. We may not get much extra money for our trouble be cause as a rule, in most sections, an egg is simply an egg, but at the same time we will be helping to get eggs in better repute. It’s a simple matter to get rid of the “rooster” and the hens will lay equally as well, if not better, without him. If you have a valuable male that you wish to keep over for another breeding season, pen him up in a separate enclosure or if you have no extra pen, build a cage 3 feet by 10 feet or larger in which to keep him. If you don’t put any special value on him, make a meal of him, and save one of your oldest, strongest and most vigorous cockerels for next season’? , breeding. National Flowers. National flowers are as follows: France, lily; England, rose; Ireland, shamrock; Scotland, thistle; Germany, [ cornflower; Canada, sugar maple; i United States, goldenrod and others; - Egypt, lotus; Spain, pomegranate; 1 Italy, lily; Prussia, linden; Greece, | violet; Saxony, mignonette. NONE ARE TOO POOR to sub ! scribe for the home paper, when it costs but $1.50 per year, a little less than 3 cents per week. BEACONSHOES ——m step in advance SHOtS [too flf) Come Today | 'SEtf few F choose the shape 3 Vas? SUPREME irdwy ,o.Q V . CO that suits your taste. § ’ a** -<• BEACON shoes beacon $ ? o *^ o° 0 ° £ I cq rn BEACON BOO* Put ’em right on and wear ’em all day— the first day and every day. They’re com fortable at all times —they fit —they last — and the style is always up-to-the-minute. Reaconize Your Feet £. M. HOYT SHOE CO, Makers, - • • • Manchester, New Hampshire JOHN B. SHANNON ft CO., Prostburg, Md. I:!;;;:;:;:;;;;;;;;;:;;::;;;:;;;;;;;;;;::::;:;:; WHEN YOU HAVE ANY g PLUMBING, HEATING gj g OR g | GAS FITTING $ JJ TO BE DONE, GIVE US A CALL. § X We Guarantee $ C ASS Our Work g H WE HAVE A FEW GAS RANGES K £5 we will sell at cost,. £5 J. Naim THE FROSTBURG SPIRIT’S BIGGEST BARGAIN! $l6B This Is Oar Best Offer SIOO H These Four First-Class Magazines and Our H m— ■ Paper, ALL FIVE ONE YEAR, OnSy ■ Woman's World, 35c yr. Green's Fruit Grower, 50c jnr. Farm Life, 23c yr. Home Life, 25c yr. All Five for About the Price of H H Ba, m e%. This is the biggest bargain in the best reading • I UiJl ME011& matter ever offered to our subscribers. It in- p V WMBW c i u( ] es our p a p e i —the best weekly published! in this part of the state —and the Four Magazines of national prominence | shown above, sample copies of which may be seen at our office. We have never sold our paper alone at less than $1.50 a year. But on account of the splendid contract we have made with these big- \ publications we are able to give our readers the four magazines with our j paper, all one year for only $1.68 —just 18 cents more than the j regular price of our paper alone. Send us your orders right away, give them to our representative or call j and see us when you are in town. As soon as you see these clean, j beautiful, interesting magazines you will want them sent to your own g home for a year. C-fl GO JUST THINK WHAT IT MEANS! C-f 001 ** 1 Our Paper and These Four Standard Magazines V | ___ § H ALL FIVE ONE YEAR, ONLY | Send or Bring Your Order to THE SPIRIT Office. footwear for (mm* f i f TtiE fourth, \JbKSJJ or any other day, here. The newest models in low cuts, the proper shades ill * n t ans or russets. Made on special [ Hi,, B*3 lasts that insure perfect fit and un lllffe cramped feet. You’ll want new shoes " 11 11 1 //for the Fourth, and a pair of ours is /■///;, f( iSli i' r just what you ought to have. • lll'Wmr M rs. Annie Schneider j§l 9*7 E. Union St., 0* Frostburg, - - Maryland.