TRIP TO PANAMA
Notes from the Log of a Landlubber
Who Goes Down to Sea in a Ship
and Records His Impressions of
the Strange Lands and People
Seen and Met.
What will happen when the canal
• This question is agitating the
minds of the great majority at the
Those who are not in a position
to know exactly the situation as it
is are somehow of the opinion that
a great commercial awakening will
at once be manifest.
Those in a position to know are
of the contrary opinion.
Gradual Increase of Trade.
I have talked with harbor masters,
sea captains, shippers and engineers
.and they are not looking for a great
upheaval in the paths of commerce.
In time, yes. But not at once. The
country will have to be developed
first, and lines of trade apened up.
South and Central America are as
yet unacquainted with the United
States. There are in these coun
tries thousands and thousands of
acres of undeveloped land which can
be made to produce abundantly.
All the way down the Pacific coast
extends a vast desert, backed up and
screened from the rainfall by the
Andes mountains. This desert only
lacks water to make it the richest
producing ground in the world. The
mountain streams at the back make
possible all kinds of irrigating
schemes. It has been found that
cotton will grow in paying quanti
ties on this land and of a staple
which at present is one of the most
valuable on the market.
Southern States Will Benefit.
No region in the United States
can feel the immediate benefit of the
new route to the same extent as the
Southern States and the vast valley
of the Mississippi. The latter terri
tory the richest in all the world,
one and a quarter million square
miles in extent, intersected by five
thousand miles of navigable water
way, with prolific soil and energetic
people, will find new markets and a
new outlet for its varied products
other than expensive railroad trans
poration. Chicago is nearly the
same distance from New Oreleans as
from New York, but St. Paul,
Omaha, Dubuque, Evansville and
Denver are nearer to the former than
to the latter. It is quite probable
that the present generation will see
ocean steamships coming down from
Duluth through the great lakes, an
inland canal, and the Mississippi
river to the Gulf of Mexico and pass
ing on to the Pacific and Asian ports.
Must Get Acquainted With South
But all this will take time. There
will be no immediate increase in
trade for the route will be new and
it will take time to attract the at
tention of shippers to the advantages
of this route. Another thing which
will hinder is the evident disregard
of American exporters of the advan
tages of South American trade. The
average American is as ignorant of
true conditions south of the equator
as he is of the laws of the Hotten
tots. We will have to learn that if
we get their good will we will have
to approach them in a different man
ner than we do now. We must study
their ideals and learn to approach
them on a common ground of under
standing. We will first of all have
to learn to speak Spanish and how to
approach these people and show
some common understanding of
things as they are, and be able to
talk it over in their own language.
Germany and Great Britain have
learned this lesson long ago and
they are enjoying a fine trade with
South America. We send our chil
dren to school and teach them Latin
and Greek and possibly a little
French, if we desire to be real fash
ionable, and when they get all thru
they are about as useful as a golf
stick at the breakfast table. If we
followed the German idea we would
learn the language of the fellow
who could do us the most good and
then go after him.
Costa Rica a Land of Promise.
I met a lady on the boat whose
home was in Plainfield, New Jersey.
She was returning from a visit to
her son in Costa Rica. Costa Rica
is one of the first countries to the
west of the Panama Canal Zone and
one that will greatly benefit by the
increased transporation facilities
which are bound to follow the open
ing of the canal to traffic. The lady
from Plainfield told me that when
preparing to visit Costa Rico she was
astonished at the ignorance of our
people in relation to this country.
Half of her friends han never heard
of the country and the other half
were perfectly positive that she was
going to visit Porto Rico. Such as
tonishing ignorance is not confined
to Plainfield. Not one person out
of a thousand at the average break
fast table can tell where the bananas
come from which they eat. To this
end I am going to give a brief de
scription of this rather remarkable
country. Costa Rico is the southern
state in Central America and is sur
rounded by two oceans and several
Latin American revolutions. It is
shaken down occasionally by earth
quakes and all the time by the Unit
ed Fruit Company who are said to
own everything in the country ex
cept the gold lace on the president’s
American Dollars More Welcome
However this may be it is a fact
that this company owns the railroad
and the electric light privileges and
all the fruit land. Their rival, the
Atlantic Fruit Co. tried to get a
foothold here but were crowded out.
I was going to say fi 'ce out but that
don’t sound just right in Costa Rico.
Costa Rico is one vast garden
spot, where the largest fruit in the
tropics grows. Besides fruit they
raise vast quantities of coffee.
In this country where the Ameri
can dollars have done so much in
the way of development, the Ameri
cans themselves are not held in high
esteem, but they are tolerated be
cause they have taught a new stand
ard of living and the American is
something of a necessity whether
they like him or not.
Where Fireless Cookers Would be
The native Costa Rican has a nat
ural dread of fire. They know the
horrors following earthquake and ac
cordingly have come to do without
fire wherever possible. They do
not mind the house falling down so
much ase they do what comes after.
To this end such cooking as they
do is done out doors, and they wash
their clothes in cold water. Since
the American invasion they have
come to use electric cooking and
heating devices and as current is
sold very cheap this has come to be
the standard wherever possible to
get the current In San Jose, the
capital city, electricity enters into
the necessities of everyday life with
the great majority of the people.
I am one of those who do not ap
prove of Americans trotting over to
Europe to gaze on the stage settings
as prepared by the innocent natives,
not at least until the sights worth
seeing on this side have been ex
For instance in San Jose they
have one of the finest threatres in
the world. It was designed by the
architects who planned the Congres
sional library. How many of our
European travelers have seen this
theatre. Probably there are thou
sands of Americans who know all
about the cathedral at Milan who
have never heard of Costa Rico and
some who know nothing of the Con
The Municipal Wash Tub.
A peculiar custom in San Jose is
the municipal wash tub. As above
mentioned the natives dread fire and
will not put a hand in hot water.
All laundrying is done in cold water.
One of the priests gave the city a
municipal wash tub which consists
of cement basins fed by mountain
streams. Each woman has a com
partment and here in the center of
the city the native women gather
and do their laundrying. While
nothing but cold water is used it is
said the laundry work of these na
tive women surpasses our northern
methods. The clothes are alternate
ly bleached and sprinkled and allow
ed to remain spread on the cactus
bushes for three days before iron
Looking Down Two Sides of a Con
I met a native Costa Rican at Co
lon and learned that he lived at an
altitude of six thousand feet. He is
high enough to be in the temperate
zone and raises many crops such as
we raise in New York state. Below
him he can look down on the coffee
| plantations and on other tropic veg
etation. He can view two oceans
from his front porch and if he were
cross eyed could look down two
’ sides of a continent at the same
time. His particular avocation is
, collecting orchids which he purchas
| es from the natives for a few pen
nies and ' sells in Havana for S2O
each. Orchids are almost as com
mon there as dandelions with us.
; One lady I met had three sprays
containing twenty seven blossoms
which she purchased from a native
boy for five cents.
This is Costa Rico, a land of prom
ise if only the government could be
made over, or the people, or both.
Nature has lavished her choicest ca
resses on this devoted land. Every
thing here is on a big scale. The
towering mountains, the giant for
: ests, the tropical abundance of fruit
and flower is nowhere equalled. At
night the perfume from the coffee
plantations during the blooming
1 season'is so heavy and aromatic as
almost to deaden the senses. The
production is enormous, and all this
in spite of the fact that this was an
; old settled country when Buffalo and
Cleveland and Chicago were a
And before the coming of the
white man and before the coming of
the Indian, even before the era of
the pyramids of Egypt this was a
settled country. All through Cen
i tral America are pre-historic ruins
1 showing unmistakable evidence of a
civilization of which no record is
left save their ruined temples and
i pottery. This was a country peo
pled by a civilized race ages and ages
ago—how long nobody knows, but
long enough so that the Roman
Empire and the Egyptian dynasties
■ are comparatively modern.
People who go wandering off to
Europe, guide book in hand, to
gaze on the pyramids and prowl
through Pompeii and stand before
the Acropolis, will find enough to
hold their attention and excite there
curiosity and stimulate their desire
to unravel mystery right here almost
within sight of the newly acquired
territory of the United States, the
Panama Canal Zone.
LOU D. MacWETHY.
The longest beard recorded In hi*
tory was that of John Mayo, painter
to the Emperor Charles Y. Though
he was a tall man it is said that his
beard was of such a length that he
could tread upon it. He was very
vain of it and usually fastened it with
a ribbon to his buttonhole, and some
times he would untie it by command
of the emperor, who took great de
light in seeing the wind blow it in the
faces of his courtiers.
THINGS ALL OUGHT TO KNOW
As Christian Bible Students—The Sat
isfactory Proof of “Why God Permits
One of the questions which comes to
nearly every thinking mind today is.
“Why does God permit evil?" As we
look about us in the world we observe
that it is filled with sorrow and trouble,
sickness and pain and every trial we
could enumerate, and we cannot help
wondering WHY GOD ALLOWS IT.
We realize that He is almighty and
that He could prevent it if He wished
We read in His Word that He is more
willing to do for Ills children than
are earthly parents for theirs, and we
know how much that means; yet of
tentimes it seems that those who try
to do and live right have the most
trouble. This question is made very
clear in a book entitled, “The Divine
Plan of the Ages.” Every statement
is backed by Scripture, and shows that
while God does not sanction evil HE
HAS HAD A PURPOSE IN ALLOW
ING SIN AND DEATH TO REIGN
THESE SIX THOUSAND YEARS.
This and many other subjects of deep
interest to all of God’s people are dis
cussed fully and in language easy of
In English, German, Swedish, Dano
Norwegian, Italian, French, Greek.
Hungarian, Spanish, Polish, Holland
ish, Finnish. [Syriac and Turko-Ar
menian in preparation.]
355 pages, cloth bound, 35 cents post
paid. Address Bible and Tract Socie
ty, 17 Hicks Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.
for 5 cents, in the
Round, thin, tender—
with a delightful flavor
eon, tea and dinner.
A food for every day.
Crisp, tasty and
baked and fresh de
livered. io cents.
Buy biscuit baked by
Always look for that name
HOW TO COOK WHITEFISH.
Cereal With Cream.
WHITEFISH may be served in a
number of attractive ways for
the Lenten dinner. It can be
sent to the table with watercress or
cucumbers. When these are not to be
had It may be simply dressed with
sprigs of parsley. The following ways
for cooking it are very’ nice:
Minced Whitefish.—Take three smok
ed whitefish: soak overnight in fresh
water. In the morning boil for five
minutes. When cooked, remove the
skin and bones, shred into small par
ticles, make a paste and cook one-half
cupful of milk, with one teaspoonful of
flour and one and one-half teaspoonfuls
of butter Mix with shredded fish and
serve on toast.
Broiled Whitefish. Wipe the fish
, with a damp cloth and lay skin side
' down on the greased grill for broiling.
! When thoroughly heated, rub with but
! ter. so the fish will brown. Cook until
, the flesh will flake from the bones and
; it is well browned. Then season and
lift to a hot platter.
I Whitefish With Cucumbers.—Wrap
one pound whitefish in cheesecloth and
( boil gently for twenty minutes in
water enough to cover it. To this add
one teaspoonful salt and one teaspoon
fill vinegar. Flake the fish and place
in a buttered casserole. Pour over It a
lemon sauce and cover with buttered
crumbs. Bake in a moderate oven flf
teen minutes. Place the casserole on a
plate and surround the fish with slices
of cucumbers which have been mari
nated with French dressing.
Baked on a Board.
Planked Whitefish. Take a five
pound whitefish or two smaller ones.
Scale, clean and cut open down the
middle with a small knife. Loosen the
backbone at the neck until you can
take hold of it and gently draw it out
Rinse the fish and place back down
ward on a piece of hardwood plank.
(A dripping pan will answer, but does
not impart the same flavor.) Dot with
small pieces of butter, pepper and salt
Sprinkle over it the juice of a lemon
Bake in rather quick oven. Serve with
An eminent physician has stated, as
a result of his experience, his opinion
that worry kills more people than any
single known disease, and is acount
able for much of the degeneracy of the
present day. It ages more certainly
than the hardest work, covering the
face with the fretwork of unrest. But
this will yield to force of will, a deter
mination to fight against it constantly
GET WISE and advertise. This
paper is a good medium.
THE FROSTBURG FROSTBURG, MD.
ible-stu dy • o n*—
“CALLED OF GOD, AS WAS
Hebrews 4:14; s:lo—June 28.
“The Son of Man came to seek and to save
that which was lost.”—Luke 19:10.
CODAY’S lesson deals with the
Priesthood of Jesus and His
Church. He is “the High
Priest of our profession,” or
order. The Jews found it difficult to
understand how Jesus could be asso
ciated with the priesthood; for God
had confined the priestly office to the
family of Aaron, of the tribe of Levi.
St. Paul argues that because the
Church can by faith recognize Jesus as
our great High Priest and know that
He has sympathy for our imperfec
tions, therefore we can come to Him
with great courage, that we may ob
tain mercy and find grace to help in
every time of need. But these blessed
assurances are without force unless we
realize that Jesus is our High Priest.
Aaronic Priests Were Typical.
The Apostle reasons (5:1) that all Jew
ish priests were taken from amongst
their fellows and
especially ordain- Agfal Lj TT
ed, or set apart p 1 5 5 3
to represent their i] j - =
both their gifts
and their sacri- Iwiffim
flees for sin.
could sympathize I"
with the people,
were subject to
the same weak- Melchizedck Biny and
nesses, and need
ed the forgiveness of their own sins.
But no one could take this office of
himself. God must call him.
So, the Apostle points out, Christ, the
High Priest spiritual, and His elect
Church, the Royal Priesthood on the
spirit plane, must also be called of God.
God honored Christ in this way, say
ing, “Thou art My Son; today have I
begotten Thee”; “Thou art a Priest for
ever after the Order of Melchizedek.”
Because of this Divine call, the Apos
tle declares that Christ is not a priest
after the order of Aaron—an earthly
priest; but that although typified by
Aaron in respect to an earthly sacri
fice, He is really a glorified Priest,
after the Order of Melchizedek, who
was both king and priest. So Christ in
glory is not a man. He is the glorified
Kingly Priest, able and willing to suc
cor His saints in all their trials.
“In the Days of His Flesh."
Then the Apostle shows the connec
tion between the glorious Kingly Priest
beyond the veil and the suffering Jesus
in the flesh. (5:7.) When he writes, “in
the days of His flesh,” we understand
that those days are ended. As St.
Peter explains, “He was put to death
in flesh, but quickened in spirit”—in
the Resurrection. St. Paul seeks to
give Jesus’ followers confidence in His
ability to sympathize with all their
troubles. Therefore the Apostle de
clares that Jesus “in the days of His
flesh, * * * was heard in respect to
that thing which He feared.”
Our minds instinctively recall the
Master’s experiences in Gethsemane—
His prayers. His tears, His agony and
bloody sweat The Apostle’s sugges
tion is that He who had Himself pass
ed through such trying experiences,
and who is now in Heavenly glory and
power, will surely succor all His true
followers, even though He may allow
them to have Gethsemane experiences.
Jesus’ sufferings, the Apostle shows,
were not because He was a sinner, but
because He was a Son, whose loyalty
the Father would prove. Jesus’ suffer
ings were not only to constitute a sac
rifice for human sin and make possible
human Restitution, but were necessary
to the Master. As the Apostle says.
He was perfected through suffering.
Jesus had entered into a Covenant
of Sacrifice—to prove Himself loyal to
the Father’s will, even unto death. He
had the promise of perfection on the
Divine plane as a reward, if He would
fulfil His Covenant faithfully. The be
ginning of this new nature was grant
ed Him at His baptism, when He was
begotten of the Holy Spirit. But this
new nature needed development, or
perfecting; and for this purpose trials
and difficulties were permitted.
Saving Him From Death.
Having entered into this Covenant ot
Sacrifice, the Master realized that fail
ure would cost Him His all. Hence
In Gethsemane His strong crying and
tears were caused by the fear lest He
had failed to fully comply with the Di
vine requirements, and thus should be
unworthy of a
He was delivered
from the fear of
death. From that
, moment onward
TV- was le calnl '
y\\ est of the calm.
M\\\ in all the stress
V. that followed.
Doubtless the Fa
ther had assured
*■-== Him that thus far
In the Days ot Bis lie had proved
Flesh - faithful.
On the basis of His own victory and
exaltation Jesus is "the Author of eter
nal salvation unto ail that obey Him."
The first salvation is that of the
Church, a Little Flock, a Royal Priest
hood. These are to be saved to the
same glorious station which Jesus has
Himself attained, and by the same
narrow way. Additionally, He will be
the Author of eternal salvation to as
many of mankind as will obey Him
during His Messianic Reign. All who
then refuse to obey Him will be de
stroyed in the Second Death.
IF YOUR GUTS CAN STAND A
DRINK of booze a day. it’s a cinch
1 that your pocketbook can stand a
1 trifle less than 3 cents a week for
’ your home paper. Eh? What?
i THERE’S SOMETHING WRONG
r with any citizen of Frostburg who
j will not enroll his name as a sub
; scriber to this neatly printed, well
. edited and newsy home paper at
, $1.50 per year, a little less than 3
cents per week.
THE PRINTER WHO PRINTS
> the best is “Uncle Pete,” No. 9
Farmers Day Proves
a Great Success
Farmers and Their Families Five Hun
dred Strong Inspect Their Agricul
tural College and Experiment
Station In Person —What
They Saw and What
Weather conditions were perfect for
the second annual celebration of
"Farmers’ Day” at the Agricultural
College. The first visitors to arrive
were members of the Patapsco Fann
ers’ Club of Howard County, which is
pne of the most progressive organiza
tions of its kind in the State. From
eight o’clock on, automobiles and car
riages continued to arrive, the bulk of
the crowd, however, coming on the ten
o’clock express from Baltimore, which
brought representatives from northern
counties and the Eastern Shore.
The inspection of the experimental
plots began promptly at ten, the visi
tors making short work of the straw
berry patch which for one day in the
year was free to all comers for taste-
Ing as well as observing. Much time
was spent on the grass experiments
where the farmers saw actually
demonstrated before them why one
field will grow twice as much hay as
another because of the kind of ferti
lizer used. Special spraying demon
strations were given for the benefit of
the members of the Horticultural So
ciety who were holding their summer
field meeting as a part of “Farmers’
Day.” Neither were the farm women
and children neglected. While their
husbands and fathers were inspecting
the new hog plant and the dairy barns,
the women folk descended on the poul
try establishment to see the latest
things out in chicken styles and
At noon, the entire crowd gathered
on the college campus for lunch where
for an hour or two everyone was busy
getting better acquainted with new
friends from every part of the State.
Grangers, particularly, were present
in goodly numbers, a newly-organized
Grange from La Plata, in Charles
county coming in a body to attend the
celebration. They, with many other
guests, attended the dedication exer
cises of the afternoon. These includ
ed addresses by the Hon. James F.
Monroe, Henry H. Holzapfel, Jr., Con
gressman Wm. P. Borland from Mis
souri, and others, all of whom paid
glowing tributes to Chas. B. Calvert,
one of the founders of agricultural
education in Maryland and after whom
the new building, Calvert Hall, was
named. Representative Borland, par
ticularly, interested his audience.
The closing event of the day was
the formal dedication of the new build
ing, President H. J. Patterson on be
half of the Board of Trustees naming
it Calvert Hall. The tablet commem
orating this dedication was unveiled
by Mrs. Charlotte Calvert Spence, rep
resenting the Calvert family. No one 1
present could doubt the success of the
occasion as a real day for farmers and
farmers’ wives or the benefits they
found in the instruction and social
gathering together that went with the
day at their Agricultural College.
'F . <
ROY H. WAITE.
Maryland Agricultural Experiment
On many farms all the eggs are fer
tile because the males are allowed to
run with the flock. Such eggs are
often held in a warm room for a week
or more and then carried to town in
the boiling hot sun. The germ starts
to develop, then dies, and the egg
spoils very quickly. Is it any wondei
that there are so many bad eggs spoil
ed every year?
Sterile or infertile eggs keep much
longer than do fertile ones, especially
during the summer months. This be
ing the case, let’s put the better prod
uct on the market. We may not get
much extra money for our trouble be
cause as a rule, in most sections, an
egg is simply an egg, but at the same
time we will be helping to get eggs in
It’s a simple matter to get rid of
the “rooster” and the hens will lay
equally as well, if not better, without
him. If you have a valuable male
that you wish to keep over for another
breeding season, pen him up in a
separate enclosure or if you have no
extra pen, build a cage 3 feet by 10
feet or larger in which to keep him.
If you don’t put any special value on
him, make a meal of him, and save
one of your oldest, strongest and most
vigorous cockerels for next season’? ,
National flowers are as follows:
France, lily; England, rose; Ireland,
shamrock; Scotland, thistle; Germany,
[ cornflower; Canada, sugar maple;
i United States, goldenrod and others;
- Egypt, lotus; Spain, pomegranate;
1 Italy, lily; Prussia, linden; Greece,
| violet; Saxony, mignonette.
NONE ARE TOO POOR to sub
! scribe for the home paper, when it
costs but $1.50 per year, a little less
than 3 cents per week.
——m step in advance
[too flf) Come Today |
'SEtf few F choose the shape 3
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lll'Wmr M rs. Annie Schneider
j§l 9*7 E. Union St.,
0* Frostburg, - - Maryland.
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