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The Frostburg spirit. (Frostburg, Md.) 1913-1915, August 13, 1914, Image 6

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn90057193/1914-08-13/ed-1/seq-6/

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From 3,000 To 4,000 Prisoners Are Reported
By Berlin To Be On The Way Across
The Border For Internment
London. —The occupation of Liege
by the Germans is confirmed in a dis
patch received here from Brussels
Monday morning.
"We Hold Fast,” Says Berlin.
Amsterdam, via London. —A semi
official message from Berlin says:
“We hold fast. Liege is in our
hands. The losses of the enemy were
considerable. Our losses will be com
municated as soon as reliably known.
“The transport of 3,000 or 4,000 Bel
gian prisoners to Germany has be
gun already, according to news re
ceived here. We were faced at Liege
by a quarter of the total Belgian
Germans Warn Civilians.
Berlin, via London.—A semi-official
statement published here accuses Bel
gian civilians in the vicinity of Liege
of having participated in the fighting
against the Germans. It says that
doctors attending the wounded were
fired on from ambuscades and that
the population on the French frontier,
opposite Metz, fired from an ambuscade
upon German patrols.
The statement continues:
“Possibly these facts are due to the
mixture of nationalities in the indus
trial districts, but it is also possible
that France and Belgium are prepar
ing to engage in a franc-tireur war
against our troops. If this is proven
by further incidents our adversaries
themselves will be responsible if war
with inexorable strength is extended
to the guilty pqpulation. The German
troops are accustomed to fight only
against the armed power of a hostile
state and cannot be blamed if, in
self-defense, they should adopt excep
tional measures.”
! :
j Enormous Losses Reported.
London.—Reports from the Belgian
Minister of War stating that there
had been enormous losses during the
fighting between the French and Ger
mans in Lower Alsace were received
here. They stated that the Germans
had lost 30,000 killed and wounded and
the French 15,000, but it was later
explained that these reports were based
on unofficial advices received at the
Belgian Ministry of War. The descrep
ancy between the early Belgian and
the German reports on the situation at
Liege Is believed by military men
here to be accounted for by the re
treat of the Belgian troops which had
held the routes between the forts and
that the town of Liege has been taken
by the Germans, who continued to ad
Paris Goes Wild Over What is Claimed to Be
the “First French Victory,” on
Foreign Soil.
Village Of Altkirch Captured After
Fierce Fighting—Kaiser’s Soldiers
Retreat, Pursued By Troops
Of the Tri-Color.
Paris. —The French army invaded
Alsace, captured Altkirch and are offi
cially reported here to have entered
The official report says the French
troops crossed into Alsace and de
livered a fierce attack on the German
forces at Altkirch.
The French took the village, a place
of nearly 4,000 inhabitants.
The German forces retreated, pur
sued by the French troops, in the di
rection of the great fortress of Muel
hausen, which was afterward entered.
The Alsatian natives were so delight
ed at the arrival of the French soldiers
that they tore up the frontier posts.
Losses Believed Heavy.
The capture of Altkirch appears to
have taken place two or three days ago.
The French Army has now penetrated
the enemy's country considerably far
there. There was no official mention of
the losses, but they are believed to
have been heavy.
Military authorities had been con
vinced that the French Army would
assume the offensive at the first’ op
portunity because during the last eight
— 1 1 ■ .. 1
Extravagance In Wartime Causes Suf
fering, Appeal States.
New York.—The National House
wives’ League sent to all its members
throughout the'' United States an ap
peal urging that every family live as
simply as possible while the war in
Europe is in progress. “Extravagant
living at this time,” the appeal as
serts, “will inflate prices and cause
great suffering among the poor.
German Cruisers Erroneously Report
* ed Sunk Sail.
Messina, Sicily, via London. —The
German cruisers Goeben and Breslau
sailed out of San Salvatore under full
steam. Their decks were cleared for
action in the expectation of meeting
the vessels of the British fleet patroll
ing the straits.
Engineers estimate the available
water power of Oregon as more than
13,000,000 horsepower.
. vance on a line between Huy and
■ Louvain, leaving part of their army
: to besiege the Liege forts.
Indirectly Reaffirmed.
The Berlin semi-official news agency
in the meantime indirectly reaffirms
■ the capture of Liege by the Germans.
It refers to King Albert's order of the
■ day congratulating the defenders of
i the city, and says:
“This order of the day has evidently
. been superseded by the capture of
. Liege by the Germans.”
The object of the German advance la
. believed to be Namur on their left
i flank and Louvaine on their right
, flank. If this opinion is correct mili
tary men believe a great battle is Im
minent between the German and Bel
gian armies, the latter probably being
reinforced by British and French al
Clearing Luxemburg Of Germans.
; “The portion of Belgian Luxemburg
invaded by the Germans is being
, cleared of them by the advancing
French troops, who are marching for
ward with the greatest speed and en
. ergy, getting assistance from a divi
sion of Belgian cavalry.
“Many trains carried additional
, French troops during the night to the
. front byway of Brussels.”
, Telegraphing from Brussels, the cor
. respondent of the Daily Telegraph
. says:
“The Belgians have blown up the
i old disused fortress at Liege to pre
, vent the Germans availing themselves
of its use.
“It is reported here that many
Bavarians are deserting or refusing to
i join their colors, the idea of fighting
the peaceable Belgians, whose Queen
. is a beloved Bavarian Princess, being
very unpopular with them."
A Brussels dispatch to the Exchange
Telegraph Company says that Prince
George of Prussia, a nephew of Em
peror William, is among the German
prisoners who have arrived at Bruges.
German Guns Ineffective.
The heavy guns used by the German
artillery during their bombardment of
Liege were 6-inch weapons. The mis
siles produced no effect on the heavy
steel domes over the forts.
The resistance of the forts was great
ly facilitated by the excellent military
engineering work, which had been car
ried out on the escarpments and
Fighting South Of Meuse.
It is officially announced that cavalry
engagements between the French and
Germans south of the Meuse have oc
years the word “defensive” has disap
peared from the French textbooks on
strategy. The instructions in tactics
have been always to go forward.
Ceded To Germany In 1871.
Muelhausen is the second largest
town of Alsace-Lorraine and lies 61
miles to the south, southwest of Strass
burg, the capital. It became a free
city of the German Empire in 1273; in
the fifteenth century it entered into an
alliance with the Swiss which lasted
until 1798, when the city became
French. It was taken from the French
in September, 1870, and was ceded to
Germany, with Alsace, in 1871.
Muelhausen is garrisoned by a full
infantry brigade, comprising about 9,-
000 men, and a full cavalry brigade of
about 2,500. It has a population of
about 100,000, and is the principal seat
of cotton spinning in Western Ger
Germany May Declare War If She Per
sists In Neutrality.
Rome.—Germany and Austria threat
en Italy with the declaration that if
the latter persists in its stand of neu
trality they will consider themselves
free to declare war and Austria will
invade Venetia and Lombardy.
Much Harried Cruisers Appeal To
Austrian Adriatic Fleet.
London. —A telegram from Rome
says semaphores on the south coast of
Italy report the German cruisers Goe
ben and Breslau making for the
Adriatic. A request to the Austrian
fleet for aid was refused on the ground
that there had been no declaration of
war between Austria-Hungary and
Great Britain.
War Office Announce* It Will Receive
Paris. —The French War Office is
arranging to accept foreign volunteers,
beginning August 21. They will be
organized into a foreign legion, and
will be assembled provisionally at
Rouen, Blois, Orelann, Lyons, Avignon
and Bayonne.
German universities had 59,603 stu
dents last winter, pf whom more than
5,000 were foreigners. f
Berlin (via London).. —A proclamation by Emperor William
addressed to the German nation was published in the Official Gazette.
The text was as follows:
“Since the foundation of the German Empire it has been for
43 years the object of the efforts of myself and my ancestors to
preserve the peace of the world and to advance by peaceful means
our vigorous development.
“Our adversaries, however, are jealous of the successes of our
work and there has been latent hostility to the east and to the west
and beyond the sea.
“This has been borne by us till now, as we were aware of our
responsibility and our power.
“Now, however, these adversaries wish to humiliate us, asking
that we should look on with folded arms and watch our enemies
preparing themselves for the coming attack.
“They will not suffer that we maintain our resolute fidelity to
our ally, who is fighting for her position as a great power and with
whose humiiation our power and honor would equally be lost.
“So the sword must decide.
“In the midst of perfect peace the enemy surprises us. There
fore to arms!
“Any dallying and temporizing would be to betray the Father
“To be or not to be is the question for the empire which our
fathers founded. To be or not to be is the question for German
power and German existence.
“We shall resist to the last breath of man and horse and we
shall fight out the struggle even against a world of enemies.
“Never has Germany been subdued when she was united.
“Forward with God, who will be with us, as He was with our
Paris.—An official of the War Office
explained the operations around Liege.
He said there were 12 forts, six on
each bank of the RivCr Meuse. Their
distance from the centre of the city
varies from three and a half to five
and a half miles.
Fort Flemalle sweeps both banks of
the river as well as the highway and
the railroad to Namur and crosses fire
with Forts Hollogne and Boncelles.
Fort Hollogne sweeps the slope of
Ans and the railroad to Saint Trond
with the highway from Hollogne to
Geer and the Brussels railroad and
Germans Asked for a 24-Hour Armistice to Bury Their Dead
According to Belgian Reports.
Berlin (via London). —The official I
German account of the siege of Liege
“On Wednesday the German ad- '
vance guards penetrated along the en- :
tire Belgian frontier. A small detach
ment tried a coup de main with great
boldness at Liege. Some of the cav
alry entered Liege with the intention ,
of seizing the commander of the forces,
who only saved himself by flight.
“An attempt on the fortress itself,
the fortifications of which are modern,
was unsuccessful. j •
“A hostile foreign press will char-'
acterize the enterprise, which cannot;
in the slightest influence the larger
operations, as a defeat. It, however,
is but a unique act of heroism in the
history of war and a sign of the heroic
gallantry of our troops.”
Germans Propose Armistice.
Brussels (via London). —The Ger-j
mans before Liege requested a 24-hour
armistice, according to an announce-.
ment made by the Belgian Ministry'
of War.
At the ministry it was stated that!
the Germans admitted their casualties |
numbered 25,000.
It is assumed that Germans asked
for an armistice in order to pick up j
their dead and wounded.
It is reported the French Army has
entered Belgium and is well advanced.
People Fleeing From Liege.
Many of the people of Liege have
made their way out of the city, fear- j
ing an epidemic more than the bom
German prisoners, whom a corre
spondent questioned, acknowledged
freely the courage and tenacity of the j
Belgian troops who are now opposing j
the German advance. The prisoners |
were treated with consideration, and
on the way to Brussels were supplied
at (he stations with beer and bread.
Trains filled with wounded and
fugitive non-combatants arrived here
from Liege and neighboring towns.
The military trains with prisoners on
board were sent from Liege to Ant
The Belgian troops appeared to be
In the best of spirits. They declared j
that if there had not been ten Ger- j
Canada Tells Kaiser’s Agents To
Leave Quietly.
Ottawa. —Intimation has been given
by the Government to the German con
suls in Canada that their presence in
the Dominion is not desired and that
they would be expelled from the coun
try should they not leave at once. The
order applies only to citizens of Ger-1
many and not to Canadians who have
been designated by Germany to act j
as consuls in some instances.
Former French Minister Denounces
Violation Of Treaties.
Paris. —An appeal to the United
States to protect against violations of
The Hague treaties is made in Figaro
by Gabriel Hanotaux, former Minister
of Foreign Affairs. He suggests that
an inquiry should be begun immediate
ly and proposes that President Wil
son, Secretary of State Bryan, Col. j
Theodore Roosevelt. Andrew Carnegie, j
Nicholas Murray Butler and Robert :
Bacon assume the duty.
crosses fire with the guns of Forts
Flemalle and Loncin.
Fort Loncin commands the railway
to Saint Feind and the roads from
Tongres and Hollogne. Its fire crosses
that of the Forts Hollogne and Lantln.
Nine other forts from a circular
chain, each crossing the fire of the
ones on either side of it. They were
built 23 years ago and their function
is to prevent an enemy passing the
River Meuse.
“The principal weakness of the
forts,” continues the report, “is that
they cannot see each other, which
facilitated the entrance of the enemy
into the city.”
mans to one Belgian not one German
would have gotten through their lines.
Though in good spirits, the Belgians
were partly exhausted, having fought
for 50 hours without rest.
Mowed Down By Hundreds.
Some of the wounded Belgians, eye
witnesses of the fighting, say they saw
Germans mowed down by hundreds in
front of the trenches and entangle
ments by the gun and rifle fire of the
Belgians, but that they were replaced
by others who crawled forward like
weasels. In certain places in the
fighting zone the ground was covered
with dead, the burial of which, it was
said, would take at least a week.
Le Peuple says the bombardment of
Liege had caused six or seven fires in
the city. The heaviest firing occurred
Wednesday afternoon. German offi
cers then came to the city with a white
flag and demanded the surrender of
the place. They received a negative
reply and the bombardment was re
sumed at 6 o’clock.
Martial law has been proclaimed
throughout Belgium.
King Issues Proclamation.
Before departing for the front King
Albert addressed a proclamation to the
Belgian Army saying:
“Without the least provocation on
our part our neighbor, proud of its
force, has torn up treaties bearing its
signature and has broken in upon the
territory of our fathers because we re
fused to forfeit our honor.
“An atack has been made upon us
and the world marvels at our loyal
“Be comforted by our Independence.
“Our menaced nation shudders and
its children have bounded to the
| frontier.
“Brave soldiers, I salute you in the
i name of Belgium. You will triumph
because your strength has been put to
the service of the right.
“Glory to you, soldiers and defend
ers of the liberty of our menaced
Red Cross Doctor Shot.
A doctor, wearing the emblem of the
Red Cross, caring for the dead on the
battlefield outside Liege, when threat
-1 ened by Germans drew his revolver,
j and was immediately shot dead.
No Reason Known For Changing Plan,
Says Garrison.
Washington, D. C. —Secretary Gar
rison issued a statement to set at rest
doubts as to the opening of the Pan
ama Canal on August 15. “There is
no reason at present known on the
Isthmus or to the Secretary of War,”
I said the Secretary, “as to why the
canal should not be opened on that
' date to vessels not needing more than
30 feet of water.”
Amphion Goes To Bottom After Eng
lish Win Battle.
London. —An Admiralty report says
that the British cruiser Amphion was
sunk by striking a mine. Paymaster
J. T. Gedge and 130 men were lost.
The captain, sixteen officers and 135
men were saved. The Amphion was a
light cruiser of 3,440 tons. She was
; attached to the third destroyer flotilla
■ under Captain Cecil H. Fox, command
ing officer. Her regular coinplement
was 292 officers and men.
What Americans Can And
Cannot Do During
European War.
The proclamation of United States’ neutrality in the European war
Is in summary:
“Whereas, a state of war unhappily exists between Austria-Hun
gary and Servia and between Germany and Russia and between Ger
many and France; and, whereas, the United States is on terms of
friendship and amity with the contending powers and with the persons
inhabiting their several domains; * * *
“And, whereas, the laws and the treaties of the United States,
without interfering with the free expression of opinion and sympathy
or with the commercial manufacture or sale of arms or munitions of
war, nevertheless impose upon all persons who may be within their
1 territory and jurisdiction the duty of an impartial neutrality during
the existence of the contest;
“And, whereas, it is the duty of a neutral government not to permit
or suffer the making of its waters subservient to the purposes of war;
“Now, therefore, I, Woodrow Wilson, President of the United
States of America, in order to preserve the neutrality of the United
States and of its citizens and of persons within its territory and juris
diction, and to enforce its laws and treaties, and in order that all per
sons, being warned of the general tenor of the laws and treaties of the
United States in this behalf and of the law of nations, may thus be
prevented from any violation of the same, do hereby declare and pro
claim that by certain provisions of the act commonly known as the
‘Penal Code of the United States,’ the following acts are forbidden to
be done, under severe penalties, within the territory and jurisdiction
of the United States, to wit:
1— Accepting and exercising a commission to serve either of the
said belligerents by land or by sea against the other belligerent.
2 Enlisting or entering into the service of either of the said bel
ligerents as a soldier, or as a marine or seaman, on board of any ves
sel of war, letter of marque, or privateer.
3 Hiring of retaining another person to enlist or enter himself in
the service of either of the said belligerents as a soldier, or as a
marine, or seaman on board of any vessel of war, letter of marque or
4 Hiring another person to go beyond the limits of jurisdiction
of the United States with intent to be enlisted as aforesaid.
5 Hiring another person to go beyond the limits of the United
States with intent to be entered into service as aforesaid.
6 Retaining another person to go beyond the limits of the United
States with intent to be enlisted as aforesaid.
7 Retaining another person to go beyond the limits of the United
States with intent to be entered into service as aforesaid. (But the
said act is not to be construed to extend to a citizen or subject of either
belligerent, who, being transiently within the United States, shall on
board of vessel of war, which, at the time of its arrival within the
United States, was fitted and equpped as such vessel of war, enlist or
enter himself or hire or retain another subject or citizen of the same
belligerent, who is transiently within the United States, to enlist or
enter or board such vessel of war if the United States shall then be at
peace with such belligerent.)
8 — Fitting out and arming any ship to be employed in the service
of the belligerents.
9 Issuing a commission for any ship employed as aforesaid.
10— Increasing or augmenting the force of any ship of war.
11— —Beginning any military expedition or enterprise from United
States territory.
The proclamation then prohibited use of American waters by armed
belligerents, except in emergencies, or securing munitions, coal or sup
plies here by such vessels.
All cities were warned to maintain strict neutrality and give no
military aid, but expression in public or private or personal views is
not interdicted.
Transportation of officers or soldiers or contraband of war by
Ameicans is also prohibited.
The Big German Treasure Ship
Evades Capture.
Bar Harbor, Me.—The North Ger
man Lloyd steamer Kronprinzessin
Cecilie, carrying more than SIO,OOO,- '
000 in gold, and whose whereabouts
have been more or less of a mystery
since she sailed from New York last :
week, arrived in the harbor here.
The Cecilie dropped anchor here at -
6 o’clock A. M., after a forced run of
four days, her officers fearing capture.
With a cargo of ten millions in gold :
and a million in silver consigned to ;
French and English bankers, with an ■
estimated value of over five millions ;
in herself, the Kronprinzessin Cecilie
has constituted probably the finest sea
prize ever open to capture. i
As she crept along the Maine Coast i
and into the harbor under the cover
of night, each deck and every port
hole was blanketed with canvas so
that not a gleam of light betrayed her
whereabouts. Her four stout stacks
had been tipped with black paint so
that she resembled an English steam
At one time capture seemed immi
nent, Capt. Charles Polack reported
on Sunday that he had intercepted a 1
wireless message from one French
vessel to another giving warning of
the Cecilie’s proximity, but under the
protection of a providential fog, the ;
North German Lloyd liner escaped.
Rome Hears Russia Will Abandon
Poland and Get Behind Sec
ond Line Of Defenses.
Rome.- —The news that Italy will re
main neutral in the war was received
with a sigh of relief throughout the
country. The Government is taking
all possible steps to safeguard Italian
trade. The King has signed a decree
prohibiting the exportation of food
stuffs. This will bear heavily on
Switzerland, where the food prices al
ready have risen 300 per cent, and
which is now entirely isolated so far
as food imports are concerned.
Cruiser Fires Eight Broadsides On
Town In Algeria.
Paris. —The Governor General of .
Algeria reports that a four-funneled
cruiser, thought to have been the Ger
man cruiser Breslau, discharged eight
broadsides at the town of Bona. In
all 60 shells were thrown into the j
town, one man being killed and some
houses damaged. The cruiser then
steamed toward the west, where she
encountered vessels of the British
Immense Quantity Wanted For Treat
ing Wounded Austrians.
New York. —A rush order for 50
liters of tetanus serum for use in gun
shot wounds among the Austrian sol
diers have been received by the city
health authorities from the Vienna
Serum Institute. The health depart
ment has not that quantity on hand
and orders were issued to the phys;
cians at the city’s laboratories at Otis
ville, N. Y„ to have serum extracted
from horses at once.
No Americans Will Be Permitted To
Leave During Mobilization.
Washington, D. C.—No Americans
can leave Germany for the present.
Through the German Embassy at
Newport, the State Department has
been informed that during the prog
ress of mobilization no foreigners will
be permitted to depart. The German
order applies alike to men, women and
children, although its purpose is to
prevent the flight from Germany of
men eligible for military service under
pretext of citizenship. The inclusion
of women and children in the decree
is explained by the apprehension that
valuable military information regard
ing the process of mobilization and
especially the points of concentration
of the German army forces might be
conveyed to the enemy by women.
Amendments To Bank Law Finally
Passed By Senate and House.
Washington, D. C. —Amendments to
the bank law extending issues of cur
rency to 125 per cent, of capital and
surplus of banks and trust companies
in the Federal Reserve system were
passed in the House. More than a
billion dollars will be available for
additional circulation.
The Senate promptly agreed to the
The Contract Will Prevent Strike For
Eighteen Months.
Washington, D. C. —The agreement
to arbitrate the threatened strike of 98
big IVestern railroads and 55,000 em
ployes was signed by both sides. After
a visit to the White House, Judge
Knapp, chairman of the Federal
Mediation Board, declared this con
tract insures peace for at least a year
and a half, because the arbitrators’
board will not reach a conclusion until
after the holidays and its findings will
be binding for one year.
The Chinese have practiced a form
of vaccination against smallpox since
ancient times.
Fifty thousand combinations are
possible with a new combination pad
In the United States the estimated
coal in the ground is 3,554,383,400,000
short tons; total exhaustion of coal in
the United States to date the close of
1911, 14,181,980,000 short tons; annual
production, 1911, 496,221,168 short
Coal orders aggregating 450,000 tons
for the Russian southern state rail
ways and 120,000 tons for the Rus
sian northern state railways have been
A large, rich deposit of phosphate
Ijas been discovered in the valley of
the Huaspo River, about 300 miles
north of Valparaiso. Government
engineers are preparing a report
thereon, and it is considered of much
importance, since the use of phos
phate on the farms of Chile is increas
ing rapidly with good results.
And Cuticura Ointment.
They afford complete satis
faction to all who rely upon
them for a clear skin, clean
scalp, good hair, and soft,
white hands.
Samples Free by Mail
Cuticura Soap and Ointment sold throughout th*
world. Liberal sample of each mailed free, with 32-9.
kook. Address “Cuticura.” Dept. 128, Boston.
A toilet preparation of merit.
Boi Helps to eradicate dandruff.
Em^ or estor * n fif Color and _
Beauty toGray orFaded Hair,
W. N. U., BALTIMORE, NO. 33-1914,
Idea of Garden Party for Fgnatics
Proved Salvation of British Gov
ernor in India.
Lord Suffield went with the then
prince of Wales to India In 1875. At
one place the governor felt nervous be
cause among his people there were a
number of political and religious
fanatics, who might be expected to
make trouble when the prince passed
through. He was Btrongly tempted to
lock them all up, but this would have
been a eomewhat high-handed action,
and the governor hesitated to enforce
He mentioned his difficulty to one of
his daughters.
“But why not give a garden party,
papa?” she replied at once. “Invite
them all and keep them entertained
until the prince has, passed through.”
So a fanatics’ garden party was giv
en with great success —in the grounds
of the jail!—Pearson’s Weekly.
“Cheap Jack” Got Some Satisfaction.
, A “cheap jack” was offering cheap
clocks, finely varnished and colored,
and with a looking glass in front, to a
lady not remarkable for personal
“Why, it’s beautiful,” said the ven
“Beautiful, indeed; a look at it al
most frightens me!” said the lady.
“Then, marm,” replied the man, see
ing a bargain impossible, “you had bet
ter buy one that hasn’t a looking
Stella —What would happen if an ir
resistible body met an immovable
Bella —He would teach lier to swim.
Tax on Credulity.
“Smithers said he paid over $5,000
Income tax.”
“Well, well! That’s a rich joke!”
Deceiving Evidence.
Mistress —Are you married?
Applicant —No’m. I bumped into a
door. —Woman’s Journal.
W T hy are people so foolish as to
want their own way when our way is
so much better?
Success is the one sin some people
refuse to forgive in their friends.
We Do
the Cooking
You avoid fussing over a
hot stove —
Save time and energy —
Have a dish that will please
the home folks!
A package of
and some cream or good milk
-—sometimes with berries or
fruit —
A breakfast, lunch or
Fit for a King!
Toasties are sweet, crisp
b'ts of Indian corn perfectly
cooked and toasted—
Ready to eat from the
Sold by Grocers.
I.™ I—l ■■ ■ITJIIIM 4

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