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18 M 11: “My People Are Destroyed For : Leek of Knowledge,” ] 1 KEY OF KNOWLEDGE BURIED : i Jesus’ Teachings Harmonized the Law ) and the Prophets—Jewish Doctors of Divinity Had Failed to Teach the Deep Things of the Law —Opposition to Bibla Study—Common People Heard Jesus Gladly—Jewish People Typical of Spiritual Israel —Jewish Age Typical of Gospel Age—Jewish Harvest Typical of Gospel Harvest. August 9. The Photo-Drama o f IIP?- "Ilf Creation continues ay** jj interest in Bible i' ' 4sL stu( l. v - Its order ,|pll ly presentation of thoughtful speeta 1 PASTOR, gUSSLLLI) tor. Every sub ject dear to the Christian's heart is beautifully depicted. Pastor Russell preached today from the test, "Woe unto you, lawyers! for ye have taken away the Key of Knowledge; ye entered not in your selves, and them that were entering in ye hindered.” (Luke 11:52.) He said in part: In the New Testament the word lawyer has a very different meaning from our general usage. It applied to those religious teachers of the Jews who made special professions of sanc tity and earnest desire to know God’s will, as expressed in the Mosaic Law, and to teach the same to the people. The corresponding class of today are designated Doctors of Divinity. Our text, therefore, with this correction reads, “Woe unto you. Doctors of Di vinity! for ye have taken away the Key of Knowledge; ye entered not in yourselves, and them that were enter ing in ye hindered.” Common People Heard Jesus Gladly. It was the custom amongst the Jews that lessons from the Law and the Prophets should be read every day in their synagogues. The people were thus familiar with the letter of the Divine Law’ and promises. The ma jority of them were, of course, illiter ate; for educational facilities were not then what they are now. As a result, only a few claimed to have a knowl- . edge of the spiritual part of the Law and the Prophets. These were chiefly of the literary and wealthy classes. To these the common people looked for guidance respecting God’s will and plan. As an illustration: When the common i people heard Jesus gladly, they were unwilling to trust their own judg ments, but inquired, “Have any of the Scribes and Pharisees believed on Him?” Have the Doctors of the Law, the Doctors of Divinity, endorsed Him ? i They have made a study of these things, and we would rely more upon their judgment than upon our own. , But not one of the Scribes and the Pharisees endorsed Him, and hence few of the people believed on Him and became His disciples. The common people were hungry for the Message which Jesus brought. It , Is recorded that they said of Jesus’ teachings, “Never man spake like this man.” The nation would have gone over promptly to Jesus had the Scribes , and the Pharisees, Doctors of the Law, set the example and given the word. Moreover, the teachings of Jesus har monized the message of the Law. and the Prophets, over which the Scribes and Pharisees and the Sadducees had ; long wrangled and disputed. Had the Doctors of the Law been as hungry for , the Truth as were the people, undoubt edly all of their differences of inter- ( pretation of the Old Testament Scrip- , tures would have been speedily remov ed in the light of the then Present Truth and knowledge of God, which ■was shining upon the Bible through the Holy Spirit, Jesus and the Apos- , ties being Jehovah’s mouthpieces. The Key of Knowledge Buried. In our text Jesus charged the Jew ish Doctors of Divinity with the re sponsibility of having taken away the Key of Knowledge, refusing to use it themselves to enter into appreciation of the great blessings due, and hiding it from the common people, who trust ed them implicitly. We charge that 1 the same tlUn is true today. Not only' were the Jewish people typical of Spiritual Israel, and their Age typical of this Age, and their ‘ Harvest typical of the Harvest, or | closing time, of this Age, but addi tionally, now as then, God’s people 1 perish for lack of knowledge. (Hosea 4:6.) Now, as then, the Doctors of Di vinity will not, use the Key of Knowl edge themselves, to enter-heartily into , the wonderful privileges and blessings now due. and additionally they have buried the Key of Knowledge, hiding l it from the people under a mass of forms and ceremonies. But Is Knowledge Necessary? In our Lord’s day the Jewish Doc tors of Divinity, or Rabbis, contented themselves with telling the people what they should do and what they Practical Essays. “I went to one graduating affair that I really enjoyed.” “What was that?” “The graduating exercises of a cook ing school. One girl’s essay consisted of chicken croquettes, cooked in full view of the audience and passed around for us to sample. And there were other essays just as good. One very fine thesis consisted of a cherry pie.” WE ALWAYS NEED THE MONEY you owe us on subscription. should not do, but did not teach the people—did not help them to any un derstanding of the deep meaning of the Law and the Prophets. In our context Jesus said to them. You bind heavy burdens upon the people, griev-. ous to be borne, but you do not at tempt to carry them yourselves. So is it today with the Jewish Rab bis, as well as with other ministers; for instance, a minister stands as a representative and mouthpiece of the church creed, which in roundabout terms declares that whoever does not live a saintly life will suffer an eter nity of torment. Is not this a grievous burden to put upon any conscientious soul? Has it not caused untenable anguish to many of God’s true people? Has it not driven away from God and the Bible thousands of the most intel ligent minds in the world? As the Jewish Doctors of Divinity carried no such burdens, neither do the Doctors of Divinity of Christen dom. In private they acknowledge that they carry no such burdens. In public they give the inference that they do —not so much by positive terms as by implication, tone and inflection of the voice, and by the general fact that they stand for and are representatives of the creeds -which so teach. It does not excuse these Influential teachers for them to claim that in their official capacity they lose their personal re sponsibility and shift it upon those who made the creeds and those who adopt them. The people are no longer trusting the creeds. They realize that the creeds contain many inconsisten cies, and that greater light is shining today from one page of the Bible upon another than shone in the days when those creeds were formulated. The common people trust the Bible— Jesus, the Apostles and the Prophets. They know that all the creeds of Christendom claim to be built upon the inspired Record. They understand the Scribes and Pharisees of today, the Doctors of Divinity of Christendom, to give assurances that those creeds prop erly present the teachings of the Bi ble. The ereedal chains would become ropes of sand if all the prominent Doc tors of Divinity of Christendom came forward and publicly renounced the creeds, as they nearly all do in private conversation. It was this matter of misleading the people, deceiving them, that constitut ed the basis of Jesus' charge against the Doctors of Divinity of old; and we believe that His judgment is very similar today respecting the Doctors of Divinity of Christendom—“Ye have taken away [ye have hidden] the Key of Knowledge. Ye have not entered in yourselves, and them that were en tering in ye hindered.” Christian people today are so dis gusted with the creeds which have sep arated them and their forefathers into six hundred different denominations that they are quite ready to discard all creeds, and to come together as one Church of the Living God to study the Bible in its own light. Systematic Key-Hiding. The Scribes and Pharisees of our day are proving themselves to be the anti types of those addressed by Jesus in our text, and have a substitute for knowledge. Taking away the Key of Knoyvledge, they say to the common people, “Do not bother your head about doctrines; leave doctrines to the clergy; let the clergy endorse all the creeds, however conflicting they be. %t’e do this in order to lull you to sleep. There is nothing so disturbing to the Chris tian’s rest as the discussion of the doctrines of Christ. “If there be in any congregation those who cannot feel satisfied with out some kind of Bible study, let them have it; but get them rather to discuss the geography of Palestine and the habits and customs of the people, etc., than the prophecies of old or the in terpretation of them, as given by Je sus and the Apostles. We ministers will keep aloof from such Bible study; we will leave the impression that we understand these prophecies perfectly, and we will keep a watch upon the Bi ble classes, but will interfere only when we find some brother therein who is inclined to delve after the doc trines of Chi'ist and the Apostles.” One minister, voicing this opposition to Bible study, especially along the* lines of difference where it would be of special value, said, ’’The Church is . like a great hospital. Everything like doctrinal discussion must be banished and excluded, just as in a hospital all noise is forbidden, in order that the patient may sleep; or just as in a nursery all noise is excluded.” Alas! It is too true that the nominal Church of Christ is like a hospital, many of the patients in which are blind, deaf, asleep and mentally con fused. But the trouble is that these got into this condition because of a neglect of healthful exercise; and the keeping of them quiet will but turn the present hospital into a cemetery. What the churches of all the denomi nations need is the Word of God—as presented In the words of Jesus and the Apostles. “The words that I speak unto you, they are spirit and they are life,” said the Master. The sin-sick and lame, the blind, deaf and mentally perplexed Deed to hear the voice of Truth —“Wonderful 'Words of Life”— otherwise they will become more sick and will perish as Christians, only to become alive perhaps as “lovers of pleasure more than lovers of God.” An Episcopal minister in our hearing urged his congregation to simply rest, and not to bother themselves about their own future or that of others. The Holy Catholic Church, he said, re sembled a ship, in which the members should come as passengers to be car ried to the Heavenly destination. They need not examine the compass or the chart or the machinery. All that they need to do is to sit down and enjoy the journey, trusting that their bap- Natura! Advantage. “I suppose,” said Mr. Meek+on. “it would be in a certain sense a saving of time to let the women run the af fairs of the country.” “For what reason?” “When a man discusses politics he wants to stop everything else, but a woman can go right on with any sort of animated conversation and never drop a crochet stitch.” IT IS BAD BUSINESS for any citizen of Frostburg not to be a pay ing subscriber to this paper. THE FROSTBURG SPIRIT, FROSTBURG, MD. tism and the Holy Spirit have given them a ticket to a proper destination. Necessity For Knowledge. Knowledge of God, the Bible de clares, is indispensable for the attain ment of the great Prize of the High Calling. Thus Jesus said, "This is life eternal, that they might know Thee, the only true God. and Jesus Christ whom Thou hast sent.” (John 17:3.) We are not to understand this to sig nify that any one who has merely been made acquainted with the fact that there is one Creator, and that Jesus Christ is His Son, is on account of this knowledge to be granted everlasting life. Some apparently think to be able to make void the various which tell of the necessity of making our “calling and election sure” by so running as to obtain the prize. Our Lord’s words do not refer to a knowledge about God, but to a knowl edge of God and His Son—a personal acquaintance with them. And such an intimate acquaintance is not obtained merely by an introduction, but by com panionship. It signifies an intimacy of acquaintanceship, a familiarity. Ev erything in the Divine Word encour ages those who accept the Diviue in vitation to draw near to God, to come into fellowship -with Him. But this knowledge of. God which will bring a saintly few to salvation on the highest plane stands related to God’s Word—the teachings of the Bi ble; for thus God exalted His Word, by making it the channel for spiritual refreshment and personal acquaintance ship with Himself. Thus Jesus prayed for us, His follow ers, “Sanctify them through Thy Truth; Thy Word is Truth.” Any who neglect the Divine Word will fail of the sanctifying power and thus fail of the ultimate acquaintanceship with God which alone will guarantee ever lasting life. The reason why the Lord has thus arranged the matter and made knowledge of the Scriptures es sential is, doubtless, that thus His faithful people may be benefitted; and they alone may receive tbe instruction which will profit them alone, but which would more or less injure others. Thus it Is written, “Ye shall know the Truth, and the Truth shall make you free.” To this class our Lord says today, as He said to His Jewish followers eight een centuries ago, To you it is given to know the Mysteries of the Kingdom of God; but to all outside these things are spoken in parables and dark sayings, that seeing they might see and not per ceive, and hearing they might hear and not understand. To the outsiders—the Doctors of Divinity—is not committed the Key of Knowledge. What Constitutes the Key. The Key of Knowledge consists of the faithful study of the Word of God, with an honest purpose to know the things that are freely given unto us of God. This implies a consecration of heart; for none others would really desire that they might do the Divine will. This also implies a faith in our Lord’s promise that “if any man will do God’s will, he shall know of the doctrine.” It is this consecrated, con scientious Bible study that is lacking today—that is being discouraged by the great teachers and Doctors of Divinity Everything designed to help Bible study, to get rid of the darkness of the creeds and superstitions of the past, Is opposed—but not openly. The Doctors of Divinity of our day, like those of Jesus’ day, are wise and act as though they do know. But they do not know: they oppose real Bible study—not open ly, but secretly, “for fear of the peo ple.” (Mark 11:32; 12:12.) The great religious leaders of the Jews were marked by our Lord as being less con scientious, less honest, than the masses of the people. Concerning the people we read that “Jesus was moved with compassion when He beheld the multi tude, that they were like sheep with out a shepherd.” And is it not so today also? Are not many of the Lord’s people hungering and thirsting for the Truth, and great ly perplexed and discouraged because, going time after time to the religious leaders, they have received a stone in stead of bread, a serpent instead of a fish—have received a false doctrine, a devilish misrepresentation of God’s Character and of His Plan respecting humanity? These devilish doctrines of the Dark Ages St. Paul calls “doc trines of demons”; for the demons, the fallen angels, evidently have propa gated them. They are to be found amongst all the heathen, but nowhere in so bad a form as amongst Chris tians of all denominations. Is there not therefore a great responsibility resting upon every conscientious min ister of the Gospel, that he should step out from amongst the mass of the Doctors of Divinity, who are hiding the Key of Knowledge and are mis leading the Lord’s trusting sheep of nominal Christendom? Impossible to Deceive the Very Elect. As we have already shown, they can not keep penned or asleep those who constitute “the very Elect,” nor can they keep knowledge from this saintly class. Our Lord, speaking of this time, said that the deceptions would be such that they would deceive, if possible, “the very Elect”: but in their case de ception will not be possible, for the True Shepherd Himself will help them. But oh, what weeping of disappoint ment, what chagrin and gnashing of teeth will come shortly to the false shepherds, to the Key-hiding Doctors of Divinity, when they find that with all their endeavors to bolster up shams and superstitions in which they them selves do not believe, the entire fabric of Churchianity will collapse, as tht Scriptures predict? Is it any wonder that the Master prophesied respecting the unfaithful ness amongst His professed followers at this time, saying. “When the Son of Man cometh, shall He find the Faith upon the earth?” Good News Unfc ken. “I suppose your wife was more than delighted at your raise in salary, wasn’t she?” asked Jones of Brown. “I haven’t told her yet, but she will be when she knows it,” answered Brown. “Ho-w is it that you haven’t told her?” “Well, I thought I would enjoy my self a couple of weeks first.”—Judge. THE PRINTER WHO PRINTS the best is “Uncle Pete,” No. 9 Mechanic street. Give Your Alfalfa Land Thorough Prepratlon Should Be Well Worked Before Seed* ing—Directions For Soli In oculation. NICHOLAS SCHMITZ. Maryland Agricultural Experiment Station. Alfalfa requires more than any other farm crop, a thoroughly prepared seed bed for successful germination and early growth. Sowing alfalfa upon loose, freshly plowed land will, even under the most ideal weather condi tions, result in little beyond dismal failure. An ideal’ seed bed is one obtained by plowing the land in the fall, then in early spring harrowing it until the sur face is smooth and thoroughly pulver ized to a depth of about 2 Inches. JJence, where alfalfa follows small grain, or a clover or timothy sod, the land should be plowed as soon as pos sible after the crop has been removed, t-hus allowing plenty of time for at least one or two good soaking rains to settle the soil well before seeding time. It must be remembered that frequent surface workings between the time of plowing and seeding are abso lutely necessary to conserve moisture, kill weeds, and properly pulverize the Surface. Unless the land has grown alfalfa or sweet clover successfully within the past five years, it will be necessary to Inoculate. The most efficient method of inoculation is to broadcast over the field from 200 to 500 or more pounds of soil taken from a successful alfalfa field or from where sweet clover is growing. The soil for this purpose should be taken spade deep and applied before sowing the seed. Usually it is better to do this just before sowing, but good results may be expected if applied a week or two before seeding. At all times the soil should be harrowed In immediately after applying to prevent the injurious effects of sunlight. A few hours exposure may kill all the Inoculating bacteria. The manner of applying the soil de pends largely upon the convenience with which it can be secured. When near at hand, in unlimited quantities, the easiest way of applying is with the manure spreader or from the hack of a wagon with shovels. When the quantity is limited then scattering by hand, the same as sowing seed, is the most economical as well as the most effective way of applying. There is nothing equal to stable manure for fertilizing alfalfa. When ever possible the land should he well covered with manure before plowing. The danger of weeds in most manure jnakes applying It on top of the land after plowing, and working it in un desirable. When manure is not avail able there should be applied, at the time of seeding, 300 to 500 pounds of acid rock and 50 to 76 pounds of muriate of potash per acre; depending, of course, upon the fertility. • SUMMER SHADE. ROY H. WAITE. Maryland Agricultural Experiment Station. During the hot summer months, chickens simply must have a refuge from the hot rays of the sun. The corn field on the farm makes an al most ideal place for such a refuge and as a place for them to range in. Aside from furnishing shade the corn field also provides an abundance of in sects which to a large extent will take the place of costly beef scrap. The weeds and grass in the rows and about the fences furnish sufficient green feed and the birds get plenty of exer cise in such a large range. Further more the ground is usually soft and dust wallows are easily made by the birds to help them in keeping free of lice in the warm weather. It is neces sary, however, to look out for chicken enemies, inr uding hawks, crows, owls, weasels, dogs, etc., although it is doubt ful in my mind if the cornfield is a disadvantage in this respect. The ad ditional hiding places furnished the chickens should more than offset the advantages to these enemies especial ly when the corn has reached some size. STATE GRANGE DAY at Tolches ter Beach on August 7th, will be a great gathering day for farmers and their families from all sections of the State. It is expected that a large number will avail themselves of the special excursion rates provided for the day, which will be entirely given up to proving what an enjoyable occa sion a Grange gathering can be. In the afternoon, there will be a discus sion of the marketing and distribution of farm products by Congressman D. J Lewis, known as the father of the Parcels Post; President H. J. Patter son, of the Maryland Agricultural Col lege; Dr. Augustus Stabler, of the De partment of Agriculture, and others. The fact is, the four magazines we sell with The Spirit for 18 cents extra, represents the biggest reading value ever offered the public. Have you sent us your order? If not, send it or phone us today. tf. IT IS BAD BUSINESS for any Frostburg businessman not to carry an advertisement of some kind in this paper. 1 IT’S THE PROPER CAPER to subscribe for this paper. WE HEARTILY RECOMMEND cheer, and important information on many most vital, timely and interesting subjects. Today’s is simply wonderful. Women everywhere are talking about Today’s Magazine, the big, practical, helpful, artistic, handsomely illustrated and indispensable fashion, fancy work, housekeepers and mother’s guide. 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