Newspaper Page Text
ARMIES ON AISNE EXHAUSTED
AUSTRIANS ASSAIL RUSSIANS GERMANS CAPTURE MAUBEUGE ATTACKS AND COUNTER ATTACKS DAY AND NIGHT French Attempt to Smash Right Failed and Germans Are Steadily Gaining Ground, Berlin War Office Asserts— Kaiser’s Troops Make Three Counter Attacks Against British Forces, but Fail to Break Through Their Line. The French War Office announc ed a lull in the great battle along the Aisne, but there is no particu-' tar change In the general situation, although the allied army has made slight progress on Its left flank. Violent attacks by the German army against the British troops have been repulsed and the Ger man army, heavily reinforced In the centre, has adopted-a pure ly defensive attitude. In the Vos ges and Lorraine the Allies are still the aggressors. German Army Headquarters by wireless reported the battle con tinuing between the Oice and the JVleuse but with sure indications that the force of the allied troops is failing. A French attempt to cut through the German right wing was broken, according to Berlin, and the German army is advancing slowly but surely. On the Battle Front, via Paris.— The armies of the nations became deadlocked north of the River Aisne after the most terrible artillery duel of the centuries. Sheer exhaustion and frightful losses checked assaults and counter aeaults all along the battle line. The gigantic battle, or more prop erly battles, continue day and niglit along the entire front from Noyon ■ .to the German frontier. The fight does not consist of one sustained and continued movement, but of several combats proceeding in cessantly at the strongest points of I the Germans’ defending line along the river Aisne. Each encounter, however, influences the execution of the general idea of the commander-in-chief of the Allied army. Attacks and counter attacks follow one another in rapid succes sion every hour out of the twenty-four. The most impressive reports of the battle of many days, so evenly bal anced, are that it is a combat of artillery. Day and night thousands of German cannon hammer at the Allied armies, while every gun that the French and English can bring to bear is directed toward attempting to silence these destructive guns. In lulls of artillery fighting the Allies Slave assaulted the German positions and have been able here and there to gain ground, but only at dreadful cost. The fighting at Reims between Infantry and cavalry followed three days of incessant artillery dueling. Th d Germans, believing they could break the French centre by a counter assault, essayed three times to reoc cupy Reims and were each time hurl ed back. Every fragment of news from the Far Fiung line of battle makes It positive that the Allies are facing a more difficult situation than that which existed along the Marne. The Germans have been heavily re-en forced. They are strongly intrenched along a vast battle line. Their great resources of artillery are operated in many places from wooded heights and ■the location of batteries has been shrewdly concealed. There is every indication that the armies of the Kaiser are ready once more for a powerful offensive movement. The German artillery was operated from double lines of embankment twenty rods apart, while the German I infantry was protected by trenches three and four feet deep. Everywhere from the Oise to the Argonne the fighting has been pressed at night, and searchlights have been used by the Germans In an attempt i to deceive the Allies as to battery positions. More than three million men are engaged in this titanic struggle for j the mastery of Europe. Strengthened by fresh troops rush ed to the front from the Rhine for tresses, the German right and center made a desperate effort successfully I to resume the offensive after their j retreat, but in vain, and the Allies’ left, is farther advanced than ever in the hills of the Aisne. Both sides were so nearly exhaust ed by the bloody work that then the bailie calmed down a bit. Three times, the German right. at tacked the English lines and three times were General von Kluk’s men 1 hurled back with heavy loss. The ! night assault on Rheims by General j von l-lauseu’s forces was also a costly j failure. Ten Limes the German infantry ftiied to overwhelm the Allies’ lines, •and each time they were driven back with very heavy losses. In the last I PLEDGES JAPANESE AMITY. Tokyo Banquet Speaker Says Philip pines Will Not Be Attacked. Tokyo.—A notable demonstration of friendship toward the United ' States was made at a dinner given by the Japanese Association, which was at tended by Takaaki Kato, the Japanese Foreign Minister, and George W. I Guthrie, the United States Ambassa dor. Viscount Kentaro Kaneko, presi dent. in a speech, scored those persons who, he said, were trying to estrange the United States and Japan. attempt the British delivered a" coun ter attack, breaking the German lines and following up their advantage with a bayonet charge in which an entire Brigade was badly cut up. , The army of Crown Prince Frederick William has finally turned on its pur suers at Montfaucon, northwest of Ver dun, encouraged by reinforcements coming from the Rhine garrisons, and the line of defense was clearly estab lished from sixty-seven miles north east of Paris, to Montfaucon. The brunt of the French frontal at tack being thrown against this point and the care the Germans have taken in fortifying accounts for the slow pro gress of the French offensive. The Germans offered the most ob stinate resistance and 'fought as though made of iron. The Allies at the same time doggedly pursued the small ad vantage they gained and kept at the heels of their reluctantly retiring foe. During the seventh night of battle the Germans made a formidable move ment in the western sphere, hut were met by the French and British with great courage. The Germans returned to the attack no fewer than ten times with marvelous tenacity and intrepid ity, but were unable to break through the allied infantry. The fight just before daybreak was the most violent of all. The tlermans appeared to throw into the charge all that remained of their energy, but were rolled back with enormous loss es. Before retiring behind their big guns they sacrificed many of their numbers, displaying a resolution which approached desperation. A vig- I orous counter attack ensued, during which a small extent of ground was gained. During , the combat, the adversaries in many instances came to hand-to hand clashes, and the bayonet was ex tensively used. The carnage was ter rifying, but the troops of both armies appear to have been hardened to such scenes, and fought with indomitable coolness despite the heaviness of the losses. Two things stand out as news amid the general uncertainty. One is that the French Government has issued decrees by which young men of less than twenty years, legally ineligible for military service, are to be admit ted as volunteers. The other is that Maubeuge has fallen into German hands. The first indicates that France has at last to put forth her full fighting strength. Properly car ried out, this new decree 'means that France will have at least 7,000,- 000 men to face the invaders, for the summoning of youths below twenty will add enough to the fighting ranks to bring the total up to more than one-sixth of the entire population. Tlie second item, that relating to Maubeuge, means that Germany now has a free and uninterrupted line of retreat into Southern Belgium and Luxemburg. While Maubeuge stood, the German lines of communication in this dis trict were perforce menaced. Mau beuge fallen gives a clear route back along the Sambre to Charleroi, Namur and Liege. Maubeuge Taken by Germans, After 12 Days of Fighting London. —The Times correspondent at Boulogne anounces the fall of Mau beuge in the following despatch: "Maubeuge fell on September 7. The investment began on August 25. On August 26 the first shell was fired. On August 27 the main attack was concentrated on the forts to the north and east of the city. “Forts de Boussois, des Sarts and de Cerfontaine and the earthworks of Rocq were destroyed by heavy artil lery. , “The town suffered severely from the bombardment, which continued with great, violence for twelve days. More than a thousand shells fell in one night near the railway station and in Rue de France was partly destroyed. The loss of life, however, was comparatively slight. “At 11.50 o’clock on the morning of September 7 a white flag was hoist ed on the church tower and trumpets sounded ‘cease firing,’ but the firing only ceased at 3 o’clock that after noon. In the meantime the greater part of the garrison succeeded in leaving the town. The German forces marched in at 7 o’clock that evening. AUSTRIA NEEDS EVERY MAN. Son to Call All Reservists and Em peror Mourns Necessity. Rome.—Dispatches from Vienna say the Neue Frie Presse announces the approaching call of all reservists en masse. According to the Reichpost, Era per Francis Joseph said to the Arch duke Charles Francis, when the latter was leaving to take his place in the army: “Never in my life has any thing cost me so much pain as the duty of taking such a grave decision.” / Czar Sweeps i' 900,000 Men Over Poland Main Army Moves Toward Breslau as Start of Advance Into Germany— -2,000,000 Trained Reservists in Readiness to Join Invading Troops. Rome. —Another Russian tidal wave is rolling toward Germany. The Czar’s central army of 900,000 men is sweeping across Poland, with Bres lau, in Silesia, as its objective. In addition, it is learned that Rus sia has in Poland 2,000,000 reservists who have been under training until the great first line army could be assembled and put in motion. It has been forces of these reservists at which German armies have been striking and often defeat ing in encounters in Russian Poland. Russia’s intention is to strike hard with the main army and to keep it constantly reenforced and refreshed with the reservists. This is the important development in the eastern theatre of war that has been expected for days. That Russia was mobilizing a great cen tral army for a direct advance on Germany has been known, but this army was not given impetus until the campaign in Galicia was practi cally ended with the overthrow of Austrian power from Cracow to Buckovina. Until this vast force was ready, the Russian troops in East Prussia, the northern army marked time or fell back. It is believed by Italian military critics that Russia will now strike directly for Breslau to open the road to Berlin, while her northern army keeps the Germans In check in East Prussia and her southern army com pletes the subjugation of Galicia. This latter necessity has about been accom plished with the investment of Przemysi and Jaroslav. Says Kaiser Moves 320,000 Men From Prussia to France Petrograd.—lnformation was receiv ed at the War Office that eight Ger man army corps, numbering 320,000 men, which had been sent east to re pel the Russian attack in East Prus sia and to strengthen the Austrian forces in Galicia, have b-'-m with drawn and are being rushed to the western scene of in France. London. —The movement of eight German army corps from East Prus sia to the theatre of war in is taken to mean that the Kaiser in tends to aim a final terrific blow at the Allies in an effort to crush the opposition in France. WAR NEWS TOLD IN TABLOID FORM JHMMMMBNOMMMRSHINnMBmh The German General Staff officially reported that the offensive of the Allies was weakening, that the Ger mans were advancing slowly and that a French sortie from Verdun had been repulsed. Petrograd reported officially that Gen. Rennenkampf had stopped the German advance- in East Prussia and that pursuit of the Austrian rear guard in Galicia continued. All reports of Russian victories were branded as “incredible lies” by the Austro-Hungarian Ambassador, Dr. Dumba, who went to New York to protest to the American public against alleged distortion of news about his country. John T. McCutcheon, special corre spondent of The New York World, writing from Alx-la-Chapelle said that, though with the German army for two weeks, he had not seen a single instance of wanton brutality. An official statement in Berlin an nounced that French attacks had been repulsed, and that counter German attacks had been success ful, but that, in general, the situa tion was unchanged. Demonstrations for Italy’s entrance into the war, which started at Rome, have spread to Milan, Venice and Salerno. Earl Kitchener said the tide is turn ing everywhere in favor of the Al lies. He predicted a long war. Berlin reported the outlook as favor able, and denied any victories by the British or French forces. The Kaiser is reported about to take personal command of the checking of the Russian invasion. The Belgium commission placed the official charges of German atrocities before President Wilson, who re plied that the neutrality of the United States prevented him from passing judgment on the case. He sent a similar reply to the Kaiser’s complaint against the Allies. The Italian public and political lead ers demanded that Italy aid the Allies. 21 LOST WITH TRAINING SHIP. Fisgard II Goes Down in English Channel. London.- —The Admiralty announces that the training ship Fisgard 11, ' formerly the battleship Erebus, found ered in a gale off Portland, in he English Channel, and that 21 members of her crew were drowned. At the time of the disaster the Fisgard II was being towed. Forty-four of tbe crew were rescued by tbe tugs. Boy artificers were trained on the vessel. THE FROSTBURG SPIRIT, FROSTBURG, MD. a Peace, But Not Peace at ! Any Price 1 Count von Bernstorff Makes Clear Germany’s Attitude Towards Proposals. , GERMANY’S ATTITUDE ON PEACE OVERTURES | j FlßST—There must be some- § thing more substantial in the of- | fer than the mere tender of tt good offices of the United | States. While recognizing the 9 kindly interests of this Govern ment, yet it contains no assur ances from the Allies. SECOND—Germany in Eu rope must not be dismembered. While negotiations might be con sidered concerning the colonies the German Empire must remain intact. THlßD—Germany must be let alone by other Powers around her in the future. Every man in the empire believes sincerely and honestly today that the war is one of self-defense against the hostile encroachments of Russia, France and England. | Live and let live is the policy I that Germany wishes its ene mies to observe. New York.- —The above stipulations printed in a Washington despatch were shown to Count von Bernstorff, the German Ambassador to the United States. “That’s just what I’ve been trying to get the American people to under stand,” was Ms emphatic remark. GERMANY ASKS TERMS THROUGH UNITED STATES. Washington. Germany suggested informally that the United States should undertake to elicit from Great Britain, France and Russia a state ment of the terms under which the Allies would make peace. The suggestion was made by the Imperial Chancellor, von Bethmann- Hollweg, to Ambassador Gerard at Berlin as a result of an inquiry sent by the American Government to learn whether Emperor William was desir ous of discussing peace. AUSTRO-RUSSIAN CAMPAIGN CZAR REPORTS KAISER’S AD VANCE BLOCKED; AUSTRIA DECLARES RUSSIAN CLAIMS ARE FALSE. RUSSIA. —The Russian force that has been operating.in Galicia has cross ed the San and is engaging the Aus trians in a battle fifty miles west of Lemberg. They have left a small force to besiege Przemysi. 4 new Russian army of 900,000 men is about to march through Russian Po land with the intention of joining the army from Galicia In the ad vance through Silesia toward Berlin. A despatch from St. Petersburg says that the German troops have been frustrated in their attempts to sur round Gen. Rennenkampf and that the failure of this movement has completely upset the German schemes in East Prussia. AUSTRIA. —Ambassador Dumba In a formal statement protested emphati cally against the reports sent out from London, Rome, Milan, Geneva, Copenhagen and St. Petersburg about the Austrian campaign in Russian Poland and Galicia. He denies that the Austrian losses have been as heavy as reported. On the other hand, he says that the Gen eral Staff of the Dual Monarchy an nounces as a result of four weeks’ fighting the capture of 41,000 Rus sian prisoners and 300 guns. | KING GEORGE TELLS $ J in Proroguing Parliament | WHY BRITAIN FIGHTS J % LONDON. King George’s J* speech proroguing Parliament J> 4 included this reference to the * * war: 4’ J “After every endeavor of my A £ Government to preserve the I' <j peace of the world, I was com- D pelled, in the assertion of trea- T v ty obljgations, deliberately set X fv 1 rt naught, and for the protec tion of the public law In Europe, <& to go to war. We are fighting t A for a worthy purpose and will not lay down our arms until .X that purpose is achieved. I rely l> T in confidence upon the efforts J; A of my subjects. I pray God’s <| j blessing.” t ENGLAND REQUISITIONS LINER. Empress of Asia Now Scouts for Prizes In the Pacific. San Francisco. —The new Canadian "Pacific transpacific liner Empress of Asia has been requisitioned by the British Government and transformed into a merchant cruiser. She is now combing the Pacific for prizes. This was the word brought from the Orient by the Pacific Mail liner Manchuria. The Japanese liner Nippon Maru had already been pressed into the trans port service. STORIES OF GERMAN ATROCITIES NOT PROVED, jAVSJMERICAN WRITER The Chicago Tribune prints a long copyrighted dispatch from James O’Donnell Bennett, staff correspondent, dated at Aix-la-Chapelle, Germany, which in specific detail disputes and denies the charges of cruelties and atrocities lodged against the Germans in Belgium. Mr.. Bennett, in company with John T. McCutcheon of the Chica go Tribune, Irvin S. Cobb of the Sat urday Evening Post, Roger Lewis of the Associated Press and Harry Han sen of the Chicago Daily News, trav eled 100 miles through 20 towns and their observations lead him to the firm conviction that the reports of bar barities alleged to have been perpe trated by German troops are false hoods. The following dispatch to the Asso ciated Press, evidently forwarded by Roger Lewis, is in substantial agree ment with Mr. Bennett’s story in the Chicago Tribune: By the Associated Press. New York. —An Associated Press staff correspondent of American birth and antecedents, who was sent from the New York office and was caught in Brussels at the time of the Ger man invasion, held as a prisoner for several days, and who finally escaped to Holland, has sent by mail the fol lowing story of his experiences: “The night before the Germans en tered Brussels, when the Belgian civil guards and refugees began pouring into the city from the direction of Louvain, they brought stories of un speakable German atrocities, maltreat ment of old men and children, and the violation of women. “The Belgian capital reeled with ap prehension. Within an hour the gay ety, the vivacity, and brilliancy of the city went out like a broken arc light. The radiance of the cafes was ex changed for darkness: whispering groups of residents broke up hurried ly and locked themselves into this homes, where they put up the shut ters and drew in their tri-colored Bel gian flags. Pears of Brussels Quieted. “The historic Belgian city went through a state of morbid consterna tion, remarkably like that from which it suffered on June 18, 1815, when it trembled with the fear of a French vic tory at Waterloo. “In less than 24 hours the Belgian citizens were chatting comfortably with the German invaders and the al legations of German brutality and de moniacal torture dissolved into one of the myths which have accompanied all wars. “Neither in Brussels nor in its en virons was a single offensive act, so far as I know, committed by a German soldier. In a city of over half a mil lion people, invaded by a hostile army of perhaps a quarter of a million sol diers, no act sufficiently flagrant to demand punishment or to awaken pro test came to my attention. None Knows of Outrages. “The frightful reports that had pre ceded the German army into Brussels included the disemboweling of old men and the impaling of children on lances just outside Louvain. Investigation not only failed to substantiate these rumors, but could not even discover any one in the immediate vicinity who credited them. “An eye witness of unimpeachable veracity told me that the worst be havior he had observed, during the first German entry into Louvain (August 19) was that of a German soldier who leaned from his horse and kissed a pretty Flemish girl who brought him a glass of beer. “I marched for days with the Ger man columns, often only one toy be hind the fighting, with the houses that had been burned still smoldering, the ground freshly broken by shell and trampled by horses and men, and the memory of the German advance vivid in the. minds of the inhabitants. No Proofs of Murder. “I interviewed an average of twenty persons in each of a dozen towns and found only one instance of a noncom batant who had been killed without a justifiable provocation. In this case the evidence did not clearly prove that the man had been wantonly murdered. “He lived in one of the typical small Belgian countryside houses which com bine the comforts of home with the lure of a small public bar. This house was at the north of Merbes-le-Chateau, a town through which a large part of the German army passed on the road to Maubeuge. “A son of the murdered man, whose name was Arthur Nicodem, showed me blood clots on the floor marking the place where Nicodem fell, his throat cut by a saw-edged German saber. English Fired From House. “It was said by some inhabitants that the murdered man showed a pair of binoculars; but a more probable explanation is that English outposts had concealed themselves in the house, from which they poured a rain of fire KAISER ADDRESSES TROOPS AT VIRTON Rotterdam. —The Cologne Gazette reports that the German emperor de livered a speech to his troops after the battle of Virton, near Longwy, when he visited his son, Prince Oscar, who is commandant of the grena diers. The kaiser appeared in the evening with his suite in five automobiles. He kissed his son and then walked along JOFFRE HAS CLOSE CALL; ESCAPES GERMAN AMBUSH London.—The Daily Mail corre spondent in Paris wires: “From a Frenchman who volun teered his motor car and is now driv ing it for officers of the general staff, I hear that General Joffre had a nar row escape some days ago. He was being driven by Boillet, a French rac ing driver, and the Germans seem to have laid an artillery ambush for him g upon the first German invaders. The s inference that the shooting was' done by Belgian civilians may have in r, flamed the Germans to reprisals. J “In that neighborhood four houses 1 had been burned and one was still s ablaze as I passed on Wednesday, Y Aug. 26. ■- “This town of Merbes-le-Chateau, ;- which had been the scene of an unim f portant skirmish between the Ger ■- mans' and English on the previous - Sunday, was riddled with rifle shots. I The small number of windows intact l showed that the Germans had made a ■- deliberate assault upon the residents i- of the town. But the inhabitants :- themselves admitted that all of the shooting had been done by a cqm i- paratively small number of Germans, Y and that the firing had not been be i- gun until English soldiers who had ■> concealed themselves in the houses had fired first upon the Germans. News of Incident Goes Far. s “I have emphasized the one fatality i of the noncombatant because the i news of it traveled up and down the t Sambre and across to Hantes-Wiberie - and Soire-sur-Sambre, multiplying as r it went and developing ghastly and in -1 human details until it seemed an un - answerable reproach to the whole German empire. “With this one possible exception, I 1 did not encounter in Nivelles, in ; Binche, Buissiere, or Soire-sur-Sam f bre, or any of the other towns I . visited, a single incident of mistreat . ment or any sort by German officers j or soldiers. “Bruissiere—particularly the lower . part of the city—had been virtually . destroyed by a cross fire from French > and German artillery. Tops of brew . eries had been hurled bodily to the . ground, and walls had either disap . peared or become grotesquely dis . lodged. i Burgomaster Denies Reports. “Into this town 130 French killed . and more than a hundred wounded were brought in a single day. Au gust Blairiaux, burgomaster, said that ; he knew of no cases of German cruel . ties, except distant rumors which he i had learned to discredit. It ought to : be said to the credit of the Belgians . that they have not allowed their bit terness toward the Germans to carry i them into unfair recrimination. “Robert J. Thompson, American . consul at Aachen, visited Liege during . and after the capture of the forts. It ■ is the opinion of Mr. Thompson that no outrage was committed by Ger mans during the several days’ fighting . there. , “There are, of course, reported out rages beyond investigation, either on . account of their vagueness or because it is impossible to weigh the provoca tion. It is known, for instance, that 112 natives were killed in Renouchamp, not far from Ardennes; German sol diers say that they were killed be cause they fired upon them from the roofs and windows of the houses. Differ on Louvain Incident. “The history of the absolute de struction of the historic city of Lou vain with its cathedral and its univer sity is by this time well known. The German version of this is that the in habitants, under the. direction of the burgomaster, established themselves in the church, where they also in stalled a machine gun. They proceed ed to greet the Germans with a deadly fire. “The Belgians say, on the hand, that part of the German army, mistaking one of their own retiring di- . visions for the enemy, opened fire : upon them, whereupon, deluded into : thinking this an assault by Belgian j civilians, the Germans razed the city. “I have ,not been able to acquire any - direct evidence in regard to these last j two instances, but the explanation gen- ] erally credited by disinterested .per- j sons is that the Belgians, who had laid : down their arms, according to the bur- ■ gomaster’s proclamation on the en- < trance of the .enemy, took them up ] again when it looked as if the Ger- mans were retreating from the town, and opened fire from their windows upon a retiring German train. Jarotzsky Tells Outrages. “The most authoritative German de nial of German offense comes from Maj. Gen. Thaddeus von Jarotzsky, military governor of Brussels, who in formed me that in numerous cases he had been received with a pretense of friendliness by Belgian civilians, who later fired upon the German soldiers from windows and from between the roof tiles. This was done, he said, after a declaration of surrender by the burgomaster and a proclamation warn ing the citizens against any show of resistance. “In such violations of the rules of war, the general said, he punished the offender by burning the houses from which the shots were fired. “I can only say that in every case of reported outrage or reprisal which the lines greeting the men, who were quartered in the village. Standing in the middle of the square, the kaiser said: “I greet you as your chief. I thank you. I have often seen your regiment on parade and now it gives me par ticular pleasure to greet you on con quered land. “Your regiment fought as I expected and as your fathers fought in 1871. The battle of Virton will be eternally inscribed in letters of gold in the his tory of the war. along the road by which they knew he would have to travel. “As soon as the car reached the por tion of the road on which the German guns were trained shells fell all around it. One fragment as large as a teacup struck the bonnet, but neither the general nor the driver was in jured. Boillet dashed on at full speed and was out of the danger zon* be fore the Germans could fire again.” Tunis yearly distills 200,000 pounds of orange flowers. was susceptible of investigation I hare found either that the outrage was a figment of the Belgian mind or that it was more than half excused by cir cumstances. “The prevalence of the Belgian prac tice of sniping from the houses was perhaps indicated by the warning of the German officer who acted as guard for five American correspondents, in cluding myself, who were being taken as prisoners from Beaumont to Aachen in an army train. We were advised to lie down on the floor of the car as the Belgian snipers would shoot at us from the houses. But there was no firing. “This, of course, is not a brief for the German army; it is an account of German conduct as it appeared to an impartial observer who had the rather extraordinary opportunity of traveling for days with the German columns, over a distance of more than a hun dred miles through a dozen important cities and towns. “Sometimes I was near enough to the front to see the white artillery smoke spurt into clouds along the horizon and hear the double detona tions which came from artillery at short range. At other times I trailed behind through the desolate waste which a victorious army leaves be hind it. Pay All and Tip Well. “On the contrary, I witnessed nu merous cases of the most careful cour tesy on the part of German soldiers. In Brussels they not only paid their cafe bills, but tipped generously. Along the road, when a German officer or soldier entered a Belgian house for food or shelter, it was not with a de mand but a request. In spite of the confusion and errors which arose from a strange tongue there was almost no friction of any sort. “The German soldiers were punctil iously considerate and polite to wom en and children, apologizing for the discomfort they were causing. Upon leaving a house where they have been given shelter, I have seen them shake hands with the concierge, peasant woman, or in some cases with the gentlewoman of a Belgian villa, as . pleasantly as if they were bidding . adieu to their hostess at a week-end house party. “So many instances of this sort are at hand that a recital of them would be tedious. “Naturally inclined to be gruff with their soldiers, the German officers al ways gave the French prisoners a pleasant word, and treated them with every consideration. Not a single ex ception to this civility toward prison ers has come to my attention. “A French lieutenant and two Eng lish officers traveled with us in the prison train from Beaumont to Aachen, a halting journey which took over thirty-six hours. The train was crowded with German wounded and French and English prisoners, and there was nothing to eat or drink, except a few fragments of rye bread, hard as a stone, and a little liquid compound of chicory, which in Bel gium masquerades under the name of coffee. Since there was not enough even of this disheartening, fare to go aroupd, German officers went without food so that the prisoners might be fed. Aid Owners of Cafe. “In a little cafe in Beaumont, con cierge and madame had fled before the approach of the soldiers and aban doned their business. Two officers found them in hiding, brought them back, and in a day they had taken in more money than in any previous week in their career. “These incidents could be indefinite ly prolonged, but they would only of fer additional support to a point that I think I have already established— the universal kindliness of German soldiers as I have observed them. “I have seen perhaps half a dozen cases of drunkenness in observing nearly 1,000,000 soldiers, and these few were only good-naturedly maud* lin. In Beaumont while I was detained for 24 hours in the small cafe pre viously mentioned, with an armed guard at the door, although specifical ly told that I was not an ordinary prisoner, a swaggering petty officer of some sort, lunged toward me and showed me the sharp convincing edge of his sword, insisting that I run my hand across it. Warned to Avoid Drinking. “German discipline and German training seem to have put into the German soldier an exemplary behavior which is nothing less than remarkable. Before I fell asleep on the floor of the Beaumont cafe, with two German sol diers’ guns slanting almost over me, I heard the R.etty officer who was in charge of us, giving instructions to the guards, which included the state ment that any one of us who stirred outside the door should be shot. Then he counseled them, almost in a father ly way to drink only moderately, stat-i ing that if they became drunk he would recommend a sentence of 15 years in the penitentiary. “If the conduct of the German sol dier errs at all it is on the side of a too complete subordination. It is im possible for any one who has seen much of the German system to be lieve in the tales of deliberate depre dations and unsoldierly conduct.” “Our comrades in the eastern army also fought gallantly, also the army of the crown prince. The fourth army, under the duke of Wurtemberg, ad vanced victoriously. Our enemies are withdrawing in flight. “The eastern army has driven three Russian corps over the frontier. Two Russian corps capitulated on the open field. Sixty thousand men and two generals were taken prisoners. “For all these victories we have to thank but one—that Is our God, who is ever over us.” WAR COSTS ENGLAND $44.80 EACH SECOND London.—The cost of the war up to date has been $11,265,000,000. The cost to England alone, based on figures covering 43 days from Au gust 1, has been $166,500,000. This Is at the rate of $3,872,093 a day, $161,337 an hour, $2,689 a min ute and $44.80 a second. Spain devotes 3,584,720 acres to olive growing.