OCR Interpretation

The Frostburg news. (Frostburg, Md.) 1897-18??, March 26, 1897, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of Maryland, College Park, MD

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn90057194/1897-03-26/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

The Frostburg News.
VOL. I. NO. 2.
Europe lias increased its population
by sixty-two per cent, within the last
sixty-two years, but in the same time
30,000,000 of its inhabitants have emi
grated to other countries.
The last of the old toll gates in
Connecticut has been removed, and
now there is not a road in the State
that is not free to all who drive, walk
or ride. The day when the toll road
served a useful purpose has passed,
comments the American Cultivator.
Popular knowledge ou the question of
road making has increased, making
many of the free roads better than
some that have long required a toll
to be paid for using them. It is a
particular injustice to the farmers
who, by underdraining, have improved
their land for cultivation, and have
thus done most of the improvement
that has been made in country roads,
yet are obliged to pay toll for the use
of improvements which their labor
and money have accomplished.
Somebody has been investigating
the relation of the number thirteen
with the career of Hansen, the Swed
ish explorer. Among the fasts he pre
sents are the following : The expedi
tion numbered at first twelve meD, till
a thirteenth was picked up in a.port
on the way North ; no one of the thir
teen, however, lost his life. On March
13, 1895, Nansen decided to leave the
ship himself and press north with one
companion. The Fram struck a souther
ly current on January 13, 1896, and on
August 13 she gained free water and
Nansen reached land again. On Feb
ruary 13, 1896, the false report was
telegraphed that he had been seen in
Siberia. Three time-; were litters of
thirteen pups born in Nansen’s pack
of Esquimau dogs, though it israre that
more than six appear in a litter. And
finally itis said that thirteen publisher's
attempted to secure the publication
of Nansen’s book-, giving his of
his adventure 3.
One of the cariosities of commerce
is a French report on the caravan
trade of the Libyan Desert and the
opening of a new trade route. To this
is appended a list'of prices in Bornu
last year. Nothing could show more
strikingly the difference between the
value of'articles at the place of pro
duction and at the place of consump
tion, or (ho universal readiness to sell
cheap what we have in order to pay
high i rices for what we have not.
Green glass beads were worth two
Maria Theresa dollars per oke (2.CJ
pounds). Ivory was worth thirty
Maria Theresa dollars for forty okes.
An equal weight of green glass beads
was worth §3O, so that the beads were
worth nearly three times as much as
ivory in the Boruu market. White
and black ostrich feathers were worth
$2.50 per oke, which was exactly the
price of soap. Slaves were worth from
$3 to $7 a head, while Martini Henry
rides were worth SIOO each, and even
the cartridges were worth half a Maria
Theresa dollar apiece.
The important paper on “A Pre-
Columbian Discovery of America,”
published some two years ago by Mr.
Youle Oldham, late lecturer on geog
raphy at Owens College, England, is
again brought into prominence in the
current number of ths Geographical
Journal, says the Manchester (Eng.
land) Guardian. The facts are, short
ly, that in a manuscript map of the
west coast of Africa, drawn in 1118, by
Andrea Blanco, there is au extensive
coast line indicated towards the south
west of Cape Verde. Along thi3 is a
half indecipherable legend, which Mr.
Oldham reads ' : bo!a otiutieha xelonga
a ponente 1500 mia that is, “island
authenticated, distant towards the
west 1500 miles.” Tn the hands of un
believers ths words can be interpreted
differently, according to the bias of
their unbelief, after the fashion ridi
culed 1 y Dickens. But Mr. J. Batalha
Be is defends the reading here quoted,
and criticises in detail the objections
urged against it by Signor Errari and
others; for example, the alleged igno
rance of the Portuguese government
on the matter, and the silence of his
torians. While strongly supporting
Mr. Oldham’s conclusions, he warns
us against assuming as proved that
wlreh is only at present shown to be
probable. It will be observed that
the coast of Brazil, which is here in
question, was thus apparently discov
ered nearly half a century before Co
iumbtis tuade his famous voyage,
The I’leh’s Year of Servitude and
Submission to Hazing—Pro
gramme of Daily Life
and Study.
NO place exists in the United
States the name of which is so
closelv interwoven with the
G history of the country as that
of West Point. It was a conspicuous
pilace in the days of the Bevolutionary j
struggle, when its topiogrnphical situa
tion made it desirable, and near and i
about it were enacted some of the deeds i
of heroism which will live to the credit
of the patriotic Continentals while the
annals of the Bepublic shall laot. Its
situation on the Hudson, says the New
York Tribune, is one of the beauty
spiota of the country, end, while great
changes have been made near it since
the days of the Devolution and the re
lentless hand of nineteenth century
progress has transformed many dis
tricts near it into modern, prosaic
towns, West Point remains undefiled
and majestic as it left the hand of the
great Architect, and even the modern
buildings which have been erected on
the heights which overlook the river
and the proud monument which recalls
the names of departed heroes pale into
insignificance before the piictnre of
natural beauty which nothing can ob
literate while the Hudson winds be
neath the rocky cliffs and verdure and
sunlight add their colors to the scene.
But to the American West Point is
attractive beyond its association with
the days cf old and its natural beauty,
because from the academy'which the
Government maintains upon the reser
vation came the men who wrote their
names in imperishable letters upon
the country's history and repaid in
many instances with their life’s blood
the benefits which they received there.
The cadets come from all pi arts of
the country; they represent all
grades and classes of the community,
and there is pirobably no educational
institution on the continent in which
a man’s social, political or financial
standing would conut for less than in
West Point, and where his rtftvr.mrg
ment and final graduation would de
piend so thoroughly and exclusively
upion his own personal work. Cadets
are appointed by members of Congress
and by the President; and in recent
years it has been the custom to give
the pilaces of principal and alternate
to the aspirants by competitive exam
ination. A candidate must be over
seventeen years old and under twen
ty-two. If he is under five feet in
height he is ineligible. He must be
pierfectly formed and must be of
a “good moral” character. He
must be able to read and write
the English language correctly and to
pierform, with facility and accuracy,
the various operations of the ground
rules of arithmetic, of reduction, of
simple and compiound proportion and
vulgar and decimal fractions, and
have a knowledge of English grammar,
of descriptive geography, particularly
of (he United Stales and of the coun
try’s history. The regulations piro
vide: “No married pierson shall be
admitted as a candidate; and if any
candidate shall bo married before
graduation such marriage shall be
considered as equivalent to a resigna
tion, and he shall leave the institution
accordingly'.” After a boy' has passed
the pirescribed examination and has
been found qualified mentally, pikysi
cally and morally to become a cadet,
he must report on or before June 15
following the examination to the
Superintendent of the academy and
sign au agreement for service in the
following form:
1 , oE the Stato of , aged
years,—— month?, do lieroby engage, will!
the consent of my parents or guardian, that
from the date of my admission as a cadet of
the United States Military Academy I will
serve in the Army of the United Halts.or
eight years, unless sooner discharged by com
petent authority.
Tho cadet also subscribes to an oath
to support the Constitution of the
United States, aud that he will bear
true allegiance to the National Gov
The number of men in West Point
is compiaratively small, about 3JO in
all, aud the new student becomes con
spicuous at once by the manner of his
carriage an 1 liis lack of military bear
ing'. This is just as true of those who
had some experience in so-called mili
tary schools before they came to West
Point as of the boys who come fresh
from their mo her’s apron strings. The
‘Vetting-up’’ is done by upper class
men, whose a: parent severity has
can-eu many a young heart to beat
rapidly and whoso shout ot “What do
you mean by standing that way?’ or
‘Tor, I mean, you there,” or “Don’t
you know what your right foot is!”
has caused a lump) to rise in the throat
i ri
-b i |
";.V g
TV . ! SS- i
t -
N * 1 -v
--<T. S -W-. £=367 | .<■'
f/yg'i jl'l [email protected]
of many a new cadet who until that
moment fancied that he was letter pier
feet and with pioints to spare.
The now man comes to the academy
at that time of the year when the hard
work for those who remain is over,
and camp life begins. Hard aud exact
ing work lias been the order of tho
day ; unceasing, tiroless application to
the studies which extend over a wide
field has taken the time of the whole
year, and the student hails the advent
of June with joy, because it brings the
camp season and comparative rest. It
is piarticularly welcome to the man
who are just completing their first
year, who will emerge from their pleb-
dotn into full-fledged cadetship, who
will throw off tbe galling yoke of un
derling, and will have a new lot of
pi’ebs with whom to get even for what
they themselves have endured. And
so, with every yearling standing in
wait for him, the cadet enters camp) for
a season of about eleven weeks.
If his heart is not broken by the
upiper class men while in camp, and if
lie piasses the examination which fol
lows a few months later, he becomes a
full-fledged cadet, with a piro3[iect of
being graduated from the school in
four years. The camp trial is the
most severe test, and the man who
goes through the ordeal of the peculiar
hazing to which the pileb is subjected,
who can control himself sufficiently
to take it all in the proper spirit, who
can keep up with his studies in the
mean time and acquire sufficient
rudimentary knowledge of military
matters to satisfy his instructors,
shows himself welt qualified for the
work which will follow and for the
piositions of trust and responsibility
to which he may be called later.
It does not matter who the man is,
whether he is the son of a Senator,
a General, a diplomat, or a black
smith, whether rich or pioor, ho is a
pleb with the pilebs, and no piower can
save him from making love to a broom
stick in the presence of a lot of upper
class men it they decide that he shall
do so, no influence can gain for him
the privilege of sitting in the pireseuce
of an upper class man unless that man
asks him to do so, and his ancestry,
station or future prospiects would avail
him little if he failed to “sir” the
upper class man piroperly and respiect
The pleb is rigidly excluded from
all the social functions, ihe little en
tertainments and jollifications. He
has no part in tbe joys and sorrows of
the older men, he cun make no visits,
although he frequently receives such
and at hours when they are the least
expected. He is treated by men who
were possibly his friends a short time
before he came to the Acalemy in a
manner which is worse than indiffer
ence, and man,y a pioor fellow, think
ing it all over, and realizing that foi I
two years he must remain on the
reservation, with, no hope for one
day’s vacation, has clenched his fisti
in auger and consented to remain only
bfoansß the hardship of it all was
better than the brand of cowardice
wi h which he would be mnrken if he
lelt. When the man least expeots it,
a number of upiper class men may
come into his tent and sit down where
they can find a place. He must stand,
and then may come an order to tell a
> tory about his travels in India or Ice
land or New -Jersey, to go through the
manual of arms with a lead pencil, to
stand on one foot while he names the
principal rivers in South America or
the capita s of the Territories in the
I United States. Then there aim eer
| tain calii-thenio exercises for which
: the upipier class men have a great liking
1 when they are performed by a pleb,
and men have been kept busy per
forming these exercises by their
tyrannizers until they were exhausted.
The new man worries along aud
works aud p>lods to keep up) with the
required standard in mathematic 3,
ISiglish studies, French an 1 military
d|sscip)line. He becomes a housekeeper,
afe). He must learn to take care of
his room and his outfit. Tho rules
prescribe that he shall have two pairs
of uniform shoes, six piairs of white
gloves, two sets of white belts, eight
white shirts, two night shirts, twelve
eojlars, eight pairs socks, eight piairs
summer drawers, eight piairs for win
ter, six handkerchiefs, six towels, one
clothes bag, made of ticking, one
clothes brush, one hair brush, one
tooth brush, one comb, one mattress,
one piillow, two piillowonses, four
sheets two blankets, one quilted bed
cover, one chair, one tumbler, one
trunk, one account book aud one
basic. He is commanded by regula
tion immediately after reveille to hang
up his extra clothing, to putt such
articles in the clothes Dag as it is in
tended to contain, and to arrange his
bedding and all his other effects in the
pirescribed order. He may not, ac
cording to tire regulation, keep) in his
room any of the implements used in
chess, backgammon or any other
game, and lie must obtain a piernait
before any mapi, picture or piiece of
writing can be posted or attached in
any way to the walls of his room.
When camp) season comes again
many of the pileb3 of the last camp
season hava disappeared ; some de
parted before the camp closed, others
could not stand the strain of work
during tho winter months, some failed
to piass the January examinations, and,
with the others who fell by the way-
side, they went back to their homes,
smaller, piossibly, than they wore when
they' received their appointment, and,
although in many instances it may
have taken argument to convince peo
pile of the fact, ill-health is usually
given as the cause for a change in the
plans which had a generalship for
their object only a few months before.
For those who have remained iu the
institution a new era is about to be
gin. At the June exercises the pilebs
are allowed to make their debut.
Their bearing has become manly and
soldierly by that time, they have ac
quired so much of the soldier in the
year past that they do not resemble
the boys of that time, and parents and
friends who come to tb t Academy
hardly know them. They Viei a piridw
in the fact that they have lived
through their year of plebdom, and
no one greets them more heartily' as
they enter t-ho domain of the upper
class men than the yearlings who are
about to shake the dust of their con
dition from their boots and enter the
more dignified sphere of second-class
men. With the graduation hop) the
pleb’s time of pirobation ceases. The
upper class man goes so far as to se
cure piartners lor him, and between
the smiles of pirettv girls, the release
from thraldom, the consciousness of
haying won the respect of the older
men, and his anticipation of fits good
time in camp with the new men, the
yearling’s cup) of hapipiness is nearly
litl 1 .
But tho hop lasts oniy a few hours,
the camp season soon ends, and then
begins the work again—harder than
the year before aud more Of it. Not
only drill regulation 3, discipline and
ail matters pertaining to the seritsce of
war must be stu lied and mastered,but
high'-r mathematics, French and
Spanish and literature must be grappled
with and they keep) every moment of
the cadet’s time employed. It is ab
: sointely impossible for a man to keep)
jup with his class unless ha works
! hard, aud the class as a whole would
i iaU behind if the work were not con
To be convinced of the prime condi
tion of the oa lets one must see them
■ at a meal in the large mess hail,known
as Grant Had. The senior cadet cap
tain is superintendent of the hill, and
■sits at a table facing tho door sur
; j rounded by his staff. The cadets maich
, | to the hall aud are divided when tlitcy
reached there into squads correspond
ing to the tables iu the mess hall.
Each squad-is accompanied by an offi
cer,who is responsible for the behavior
of the men at the table. It is a matter
of course that the man who carves, who
does all the work and who is served
last is a pileb. The hall is decorated
with the portraits of graduates who
have won fame since they left the in
stitution, and the pleb, looking upon
these pictures, may console himself
with the thought that the piictures
represent men who iu their day had to
do what he was doing. A corps ot men
is kept busy waiting upion the cadets,
whose appetites give piroof of their fine
physical condition.
To be a cadet and a late riser is au
impiossibility. The hours for daily
duty are laid down as follows : BeveilSe
at 5.39 a. rn., and 6 a, m. ou Sunday;
piolice call, five minutes after reveille ;
surgeon’s call, fifteen minutes after
reveille; breakfast call, thirty min
utes after reveille.
After breakfast the cadets have a
few minutes hi which to “brush ud,”
and at 8 o’clock they are called to
epuarters for study and recitation.
They have dinner at 1 o’clock. From
2 till 4 o’clock more study end recita
tion, and then comes evening parade,
after which tbe battalion marches to
supper. After supper they have
thirty minutes, aud are then called to
quarters for study u?,til 10 o’clock,
when “taps” is sounded, and the sig
nal for “lights out” finds the cadets
tired and ready for Sleep.
On Wednesday and Saturday after
noons the cadets have no duties to
perform, and unless they have been
guilty of some slight infraction of the
rules they may take a rest. But a
peep into the courtyard of the bar
racks on these afternoons will con
vince the visitor that all cadets are
not augets. While their companions
are at ease, those who have trans
gressed must pact upi and down a cer
tain part of tho yard accoutred and
armed tfie stime as a regular infantry
man on sentry duty, and ifthegrty
walls were transparent they would dis
close to view also some who must suf
fer for their misconduct by being con
fined to their rooms. The strictest
discipline, the' severe course and the
high standard required are the causes
for depileting the ranks of the cadet
corps, and it is estimated that about
sixty pier cent, of those who are fully
accepted as cadets drop oat before
the torn years’ term is completed.
Those who rem ;i i and are gradu
ated receive a cash capiital ol $192 to
start with. Out of the $5lO a year
which is placed to the eredit of every
cadet $1 is taken 6very month and
kept for him, and at the end of his
term at West Point he receives it iu a
limipi sum. The piurpose of the ar
rangement is to pilace the young officer
out of need and to enable him to buy
his officer’s outfit. The $540 a year
which a cadet receives from the Gov
ernment never reaches him in the
shape of money. His account is sim
ply credited with the amount, and
against this charges arts made for his
clothing’, books, board, laundry aud
all incidental expenses, and the great
piroblem is how to keep) out of debt.
To buy anything with money of his
own is au impossibility, because a
cadet is kept penniless, and one of the
regulations prescribes that no cadet
shall apply for or receive money or
any other supplies from his parents or
from any pierson wliomsover without
permission of the Superintendent.
The thud and fourth years in the
academy are equally severe; but tho
men who have outlived tho hardships
of the pirecediug terms are likely to
survive and aro finally graduated and
their names sent to the War Depart
ment, with the recommendation of
tho Academic Board for commission in
the army.
Mowor-Mitkiiig from Bread.
A factory in the West End of Lon
don is now manufacturing from baker’s
bread, artificial flowers, so natural in
appearance as to deceive the eye of an
expert. The pirocess still remaius
secret, although. 100 hands are em
ployed. The flowers not only look
exactly like the real article when
freshly made, but as the bread be
comes stale they assume a slightly
withered appearance, almost identical
with a flower beginning to fade. The
coloring is perfectly natural,rendering
them entirely different in this
respiect from artificial flowers hereto
fore manufactured.
That Fellow Feeling.
Looking at the “Stuffed Animals,"
At Omaha, Nab., Probate Judge Baxter
gave Jiis decision ia the Briggs will contest.
He seta aside the will of Emily J. Briggs and
awards the entire estate of #500,000 to Clin
ton Briggs, the only child.
At Huron. S. 1)., property worth #70,000
was destroyed by fire, meludingtbe Alliance
Building, valued at $25,000; insured for $lO,-
000. It was occupied by the government
land office, which saved most of its records.
The United States Weather Bureau lost all
instruments and most of the records for the
past 17 years.
The Louisville (Ky.) Chair Company as
signed to Lytle Buchannan. The liabilities
are .$(10,000; assests slightly la excess of this
sum. The failure we ’> caused by dull times
and threatened suits.
A special from Lima. 0.. says timt Win.
B. Mott, freight clerk, and William It. Jones,
telegraph operator, were struck by light
ning on the street and both fatally injured.
The Caledonian Textile Company, recently
incorporated under New Jersey laws, has
decided to locate in Westerly, 1!. I. The cor
poration will erect a plant of 05,000 spindles,
1.050 looms for the manufacture of hue cot
ton piece goods, and will employ about 800
Eire, supposed to be of incendiary origin,
destroyed the American House, in South
Manchester, Conn., and adjacent property,
the loss aggregating $30,000.
Hodley Sutherland, 20 years old. a color
ed waiter, murdered his mistress, Sarah
Keen. 22 years old, also colored, at their
home in Brooklyn, N. I'.. by shooting her.
After the shooting Sutherland tried to es
cape and 11 red at a pursuing policeman, but
without effect.
The shoe factory of Whitman fr, Keith,
Brockton, Mass., was opened as a “free”
shop, and at noon the firm said that every
department had been filled except the tree
tog and finishing departments. It is claim
ed that many of the old employes returned
to work. The unions have pickets on duty,
The Shoddy Eubber Mill, six miles south
of Titusville, N. J., was totally destroyed by
fire together with a large flour mill adjoin
ing. The loss will amount to about $20,000.
Origin unknown.
There is no improvement in the epidemic of
typhoid fever which has struck Lambertville,
X. J. Two more victims died Wednesday,
-making a total of six. The disease is still
The Harm s? and Saddlery Protective As
j social lon of New York and vieinityatameet
| ing raised a protest against the 45 per cent,
i taxation on imported goods as being too
low, and made a demand on the Ways ami
Means Committee for the imposition of a (i
per cent, taxation.
William Bussell Maps, 87 years of age,
President of the Long Branch Banking Com
pany, and one of. the best-known residents
along this section of the Jersey Coast, died
at his home in Long Branch, X. J. He was,
very wealthy.
Three hundred employes of the Enterprise*
Silk Works, Paterson, N. .T., went on strik j
for an increase of 30 per cent; in tbeir
wages. An offer of 15 per cent, increase has
been rejected by them.
Another well-armed revolutionary expedi
tion, having captured several small steam
ers, has landed on the Northwestern Uru
guayan frontier.
On aeeount of a reduction of from 10 t
25 per cent, in the wages of the employes <f
the American Sheet Iron Mills, Phillipsburg,
N. J., 100 men refused !o go to work Friday.
John Thomas, late general manager of the
Thomas Iron Works, died at Allentown, P.u,
aged 03 years. During his active bushe s*
I life he was connected \vi h the Crane Inn
Works, Catasijua Manufa, luring Compai y,
and a director of the Upi or Lehigh C> al
Com pan *.
Henry Oouiliard, proprietor of the Gree :-
Held (Mass, i House, filed a voluntary pe i
tiou in insolvency. Liabilities #20,003; u :
encumbered assets, #l,OOO.
Having concluded that part of its work
which could be done at Newport News, Y-t.,
the Board of Inspection on the gunboat*
Wilmington and Helena lefc forWashii gtoa.
A member of the board said that it was t!i
unanimous opinion of the board that ta
boats were ail right in every respect.
The Sovereign Camp of Wodtin o i of fin
World, ia session in St. Louis, donated #.,)0
for the. relief of flood sulTe.ro s at Memphis,
the same to be expended by the Memphis ri-
I li f committee.
The St. Paul (Minn.) Globe Company 1 ns
been reorganized by the transfer ot (ho sto A
and assets of the company lo new own, ra
and the payment of all obligations of ey> ry
description. J. G. Pyle, Crawford Livinp*-
ton and William O. Jones arc members of
the new board of diiectejs, aid Mr.
Pyle was elected president of the compact,
United states Minister to Turkey. Alexan
der Terrell had a private audience with the
Gen. Carlos ltoloff, who forfeited his L ail
i in Baltimore, is reported to have landed sa '©-
1 ly in Cuba.
The Marquis of Salisbury, prime minister
of England, is eon lined to Lis home by a
mild attack of influenza.
Violent storms, by ln.il,
caused the loss of several lives aad damage
to property in Germany.
1 A special cablegram from Kip de Janeiro
says Brazil and France have agreed to settle
the Amapa boundary question by arbit,'a
Kenr-Adininil Thomas O. Selfridge, co.a
muuding th-D United States European squad
r >n, was received in afidience by the Pope at
The report that the government tro *ps
were defeated by the insurgents in the Prov
ince of Paysaudu, Uruguay, is officially c >n
The Congress of Venezuela will take up
the Guiana question at once, the oft; iul
co’_ i-s of the treaty with Great Britain hav
ing arrived at Caracas.
2? A special dispatch from Manilla, in ‘he
1 Philippine Islands, says that, the native*
I there have attacked the Spanish quar-er,
killed four men and set flro to the Span *h
Imports have )xen received at Constai fcl*
nople or very serious disorders atTokar. ia
the old province of Armenia. It is said ti.&c
i many Armenians and Turks have bee&

xml | txt