Newspaper Page Text
The Frostburg News.
VOL. L NO. 3. The United States aad Germany are the only two great powers of the world that have no postal savings hanks. A North Dakota town boasts of a young woman dentist who is pheno menally prosperous. But a good-look ing girl with a “pull” ought to get along well almost anywhere. Mr. Gary, of Balimore, the new Postmaster-General, has eight un married daughters. No wonder ho pined to get in control of the mails, facetiously observes the Springfield (111.) News. The cheapening of literature in England has resulted in the produc tion of books creditably printed and sold for a penny. Dickens, Scott, Goldsmith, Lytton and other standard authors, bound in stiff covers, are now procurable in this series. The new Canadian census shows the surprising fact that seventeen in every thousand of the Canadian population were born in the United State?. 'lbis is seven more in the thousand than the number reporte 1 from all Euro pean countries outride of Great Britain. An international exhibition of gas tronomy and of culinary art is to take place at Vienna in 1898, in honor of the fiftieth anniversary of the reign of the Emperor of Austria-Hungary,who> as is well known, is the most abstemi ous monarch in Christendom iu ail matters relating to food and drink. There is any amount of room in this world for good words and wise speeches. Colliugwood, of England, never saw a vacant place iu his estate but that he took an acorn out of his pocket and popped it iu. If all the vacant places hitherto existing as dull interstices in the world’s thought had been planted with seed truths by Somebody's band what a ripe, rich growth of generalized wisdom would by this time have resulted ! Emperor 'William of Germany is just at present engaged in a stupen dous undertaking. In the city of Ber lin, which is noted for its handsome structures, he is supervising the erec tion of two public buildings which bid fair to rival the colossal monuments of Ninevah and Babylon. One of these structures is the new Lutheran cathedral, -which is designed in the shape of a Greek cross. The dome, it is said, will eclipse that of St. Peter’s at Home. “As the scaffolding indi cates,” says the St. James Gazette, “the mass of stone, embodying a curi ous variety of style?, must completely crush into insignificance the adjoining palace. To complete the work of ef facement, the Brobdignagian memorial of William I. is in process of erection within fifty feet of another front of the castle. The huge hemicyole, which forms a sort of pedestal, runs up to a height of nearly eighty feet and dwarfs everything in its neighbor hood. However uneventful his reign may prove, William IT. will certainly have left his mark on the Prussian capital.” Consular report No. 1732 issued by the foreign office of the British gov ernment, contains a complete report for the year 1896-97 on the budget and finances of Japan, and of special in terest are the new taxation laws. Ac cording to the provisions of the busi ness tax law, the farmers and stock raisers, or as the report expresses it, “persons dealing in animals, plants and other articles not generally com ing under the heading of goods,” are exempt from taxation, while every other business is taxed according to what the business is, the amount of capital, and the number of employes. The tobacco growers are restricted, however, and under a tobacco mon opoly bill are compelled to deliver ail tobacco leaf to the government, not even retaining any for their own use, or selling to private parties. The government pays at fixed rates, sell ing again at fixed rates to manufac turer. Growers are compelled to send in annually specifications of the area that they propose to plant, and the government reserves to itself the right to limit the area in order to regulate the supply. As a whole, the legisla tion is distinctly in favor of the agri culturist and the stock raiser, and th 3 imperial government is giving every encouragement possible to the two in dustries. ALASKA’S REINDEER XHRIR IMPORT ATION HAS BEES A GREAT SUCCESS. , llovv a Lapp Protects the Animals Front Eskimo Dogs—Reindeer Solved Alaska’s Transpor tation Problem. f y HEBE are reindeer in Alaska. So much has been known for three or four years, for the Government bought them from the Siberian deermen and put ihem there. And the reindeer are tlourishiug and multiplying. That is Ihe report that comes'from the far North from the men who were put in charge of the deer and told to teach the Eskimo how to Vise and raise them. This verdict of success with the rein deer is thought to mean great things for Alaska. Just now there’s little to sat iu the biggest part of that big country up North. Get up above the Aleutian chain of islands that make stepping stones for giants half way across to Asia, or go over the mount ain wall that faces the coast of South ern Alaska, and food must bo got fiom tlieoinside, if it’s to be had at all. Little or nothing can be raised, wild animals are scarce and cattle couldn’t live there i ven it there was anything for them io eat. But the reindeer pastures—they’re immense! There are 400,000 square miles of land covered with the fibrous white moss, nnd all ou earth it is good for is to feed reindeer. The pasture lands run back a thousand miles or two from Bristol buy nnd stretch across the Yukon and far to the north—even to the ever frozen region of Point Bar row. According to the calculations of Sheldon Jackson, there is pasturage for 9,209,000 reindeer on the Bad Lands of Alaska, an 1 as reindeer nre worth $9 or §lO apiece there is a chance to do a very respectable busi ness in the stock-raising line in that DEFENDING KEINDEEB AGAINST DOGS. deso’ate country, if odlv the reindeer 1 flourish and multiply. But there have been great times in getting the reindeer his footing in Al- j asktt. He was an assisted immigrant ■ and had to be protected against all [ sorts of dangers besides those found in j his native country. The main dangers ! feared were from the Eskimo dogs, the j hungry Eskimo himself and the loss i that would come from neglect of un skillful or careless herders. The Eskimo is little removed from a wolf. He is hungry and savage and i the reindeer is eatable. Consequently ' there was troublo. The Eskimo dogs are thick about the station and Eskimo villages. Dogs are a part ol Eskimo wealth, as the only pack animals of the frozen north up to the arrival of jCOAtUNG SEISDEEIi. the reindeer, hut are easier to get than to feed. So when the reindeer were brought to the Teller Eeindeer Sta tion at Port Clarence the Eskimo dogs made an attack on the herd. They were out for game and had to he driven off again and again before they learned AN INDEPENDENT PAPER,.DEVOTED TO LOCAL NEWS AND HOME INTERESTS. FROSTBURG, MD., FRIDAY, APRIL 2, 1897. the lesson that it was not good to at tack the herd. Then they gave their attention to the sled deer that were kept about the station for hauling. For a time even the presence of men failed to restrain them. One or two deer driven by themselves were too MIMING THE BEINDEEK. tempting, and for weeks they were liable to be assailed by a howling pack of ki-yis. The station had brought, a party of Lapps to take charge of the reindeer, however, and the Lapp knows how to deal with dogs. The Lapp carries a knife with a blade ten or twelve inches long,and has a handy habit of using it. A witness to the conflict tells how the Lapp deals with the dogs: “Ihe Lapp was driving a pair of deer. A dozen great Eskimo dogs thought the time had come for fresh meat and gave chase. Before the Lapp knew what was coming, sled and reindeer were surrounded and the dogs were leaping and barking before the frightened creatures. The Lapp gave a series of shouts that frightened the clogs for a moment. Then in the moment of respito he leaped from the sled, ran to the heads of the deer and threw them with their backs on the ground. Then straddling them and holding their heads erect with his left band he <’rew his great knife in his right. The reindeer could not rise. | In their position fhey could hardly j struggle, and the Lapp -was ready for j battle. He had hardly got into posi j tioD, though the operation had taken j but a moment, wheu the dogs were on : him again, eager for reindeer meat. | With one sweep the Lapp cut at the ! first two dogs. There was a wild howl ! of pain, a dripping of biood and the j two leaders lost interest in the fight. The other dogs were nothing daunted ! by the fate of the first and still pressed : forward. The Lapp swung his knife | back and forth with loud cries, and at ■ every swing some dog was yelping with pain and retiring to give his comrades a chance. liy the end of a minute there were but two or three dogs on the active list, and with a final whoop the Lapp frightened them into retir ing to a respectful distance. The Lapp stepped aside and released the reindeers' heads; in au instant they were on tneir feet. He leaped into j the sled once more and in a few sec onds only a cloud of snow flying into j the air told where he had gone.” In case the dog 3 pluck up spirit for a pursuit after a first failure, the Lapp repeats the process of disposing of his foes until enough have been killed or wounded to put an end to further at tacks. In the Port Clarence region only one dog was killed, thoqgh the Eskimo village looked for a while like a hospital for wounded dogs. The Lapps were always victorious, and no reindeer were killed. After a round of battles and a proper amount of slashed skins had taught the dogs that ■ reindeer were private property there was no more trouble. The dogs around the present reindeer station pay no further attention to them. As the reindeer enlarge their circle to reach other villages, however, the process of education has to he repeated. It will take some years and a good many sore hides to teach the canine popula tion of Alaska that there is a close season for reindeer. The herds are safe from the natives. The only reindeer meat that has gone down their throats has come from a number of reindeer that died from sickness. The Eskimo apprentices, not being particular about such trifles as the cause of death, promply appropri ated the flesh and all else that was chewable about the deceased deer, and made a holiday feast. Five reindeer : were killed for food for the whites and the Lapps in the first winter. The others fared well. The danger of lack of food melted away on the test. There is plenty for the increase of centuries. The troubles that come from nntruined herders is being gradually lessened. The Eski mos are skillful enough, but they learn from the Lapps. Milking, however, was a trick that the Eskimos had some difficulty in acquiring. Before the Lapps came some experiments had been made, and the first time that the Lapps attempted to begin the opera tion on a cow she started like a llash, leaped the fence, knocked down a herder and ran away. On inquiry it was learned that the customary way of milking had been to lasso the se lected cow, throw her down and while three men held her on the ground the fourth drew the milk. The cows had apparently acquired a prejudice against the operation, and it took nearly a year to convince them that milking was a harmless, pleasant exercise in no way to be regarded as a signal for a riot. According to the enthusiasts the domestic reindeer are going to solve the transportation problem for Alaska as well as the food problem for the Eskimo. The dog teams are expensive carriers and not efficieut. either. Al aska is a land of magnificent distances, with settlements hundreds of miles apart. The dog teams can travel only fifteen to twenty-Svo miles a day, can carry only a few hundred pounds, and as food for their support must bo packed, they cmnofc make very long journeys. Reindeer can travel farther in a day, draw much heavier loads, and iu camp cau forage for themselves. So the reindeer team, the sled and the Lapland harness will soon become as typical of Ala-ka in the front pages of the school geography as of Lapland. But just now there is a call for a few thousand more reindeer. If they can be secured the herd will iucrease at a rapid rate. Just now it is slow, as there are only five or six hundred cows at the stations. So it will be some time before the 9,200,000 reindeer will darken the Alaskan snows and strain the capacities of the Alaskan moss pas tures. —San Francisco Examiner. THE MODERN PARLOR. Wherein It Differs From That of the Past- Its Propel* Furnishings. The improvement in public taste in this country during the past few years ISTStMfwK in few ways 'more MrikifigTy than in furnishing of the parlor. In the olden times, when houses were heated with difficulty by open fire places or little wood stoves, it became the custom in winter time to shut off the portions of the house that were not needed for living purposes for economy of fuel. The parlor was not a necessary place for family use, as the household generally gathered for com fort intho kitchen or dining-room. Therefore ihe parlor was the first room to be closed ou the approach of winter, and the last to be opened on the advent of summer. It is scarcely a generation ago, and well within the memory of persons of moderate age, that the par lor was darkened day and night, hold ing no attractions for members of the household. The most crying fault in the American house of moderate di mensions is still that the parlor is | made too formal, and is not given the true home atmosphere. From the architectural arrangement of most detached houses the parlor is rarely one of the best lighted rooms— VELSPECTIVE VIEW. nor is there any need that it should be —nor is it generally as -welt provided with artificial heat. For these reasons it is a mistake to furnish in cold tones, such as white and gold. Delightful as the contemplatiou of such a room is, it is not comfortable nor home like, nor is it worth the time and pa tience it requires to preserve it iu the midst of a full-fledged nest of young Americans. The color scheme is the most im portant part of furnishing; there should be a certain warmth in color ing, and this will rarely be found in gilt papers or moquette carpets. If the rest of the house be simply fur nished the parlor can still be elegant with matting and rugs on the floor, rattan or bamboo furniture and mus lin curtains. The only important thing is to the different pieces of fur niture in one room of similar style and effect, and to have the deeora i tions correspond with the furniture so |as to give a good general effect—t he details are a matter of preference. As most houses are laid out the parlor has at least one long, blank wall, and perhaps two—to make these attractive is the supreme test of furnishing. A few large pictures liung several feet übovc the line of vision is the usual treatment—and the result is depress sing to a degree. The wall should be . covered as fully as possible with pic- tures, and plenty of small ones should be interspersed in order to give diver sity and informality. The mantels should bo well filled with objects of (Pining R, if 1 • I'X I <•' jLgaMwuMMM Library Kitchen i - , , . JS v£x\a: ‘£B I ' L#— a pjL pwittJ i m iPfR Pai-Joir l-10.1l JLL-i a li/GXli' iXxIS A VerandJ. T'HlidC. I -j run sr n oon. art, and none of them should be triv ial. Above all there should be plenty of books iu the book case ; not ponder ous gift books, blazing with gilt and stamped leather, but books to read and books that are talked about. It should be remembered that there are no better aids to fnrnishitig auv living room, than a supply of prettily bound books. The accompanying plan provides a parlor of attractive shape and size that lends itself to the treatment indi cated above. The woodwork is painted a deep cream and the walls, coral; the floor is stained a deep red brown, or cov ered with “old rose” or “dark copper” felt, which helps to lighten or soften the effect of the decoration, and cm he overlaid with rugs. The general dimensions of this de sign are: Width, through library and kitchen thirty-three feet ten inches; depth, forty-six feet six inches, including veranda. Heights of stories: Cellar, /O SECOND FLO 08. seven feet; first floor, nine feet six inches; second floor, nine feet. Exterior materials; Foundation, stone; first story, clapboards; second story, gables and roofs, shingles. Interior finish: Two coats plaster.- hard white fini-h ; maple wood floor ing; trimming, North Carolina pine; staircase, ash. All interior woodwork grain filled and finished in hard oil varnish. A careful selection of colors for painting have been selected by the architects, the plan and accommoda tion being one of unusual merit. Thg coat to build is S4OOO, not in cluding Juanteh, range and heating apparatus. —Copyright 1897. Highest Hotel m the World. The highest hotel in the world is in the Himalayas of Western Thibet. It is what is kuown as the Sevai at Zin grai located in the Chaug-la, a pass in Ladak or Western Thibet. The build ing is over 10.00 J feet above the level of the sea. The extreme height of the pass in which it is located is 18,3 68 feet. Villages are situated at either end of the pass, Chimary on the one side is 12,400 feet above the sea level, while Durgu on the other side is 14,500 16,000 FEET ABOVE SEA LEVEL. feet. The building is a square block, with a central courtyard. The walls are of great thickness and built of massive rough-hewn and irregular blocks of stone quarried in the vicinity. Like most Oriental dwellings the roof is flat. Its surroundings are neces sarily cheerless, for it stands thou sands of feet above the timber line in a zone of perpetual cold aud ness. PRICE 5 CENTS. THE NEWS. J3v a vote of 17 to 13 the Wisconsin Senate killed the Whitehead bill to foreo railroads to carry bicycles as baggage. During a fight at Lapez, Ind.. botween Jacob Leeds and Blanchard Thomas, Leeds was fatally stabbed and Thomas was shot and instantly killed. Near Woodhull Tark, Jamaica, L. 1., the body of an unknown man was found, a wound on the forehead giving ground for the supposition that the man had been mur dered. The dead mau wa3 about 40 years of age, with dark complextion and short curly hair. The Chicago Central W. C . T. U., at a meeting in Willard Hall, has adopted a res olution against kinetoscopo exhibitions of the Fitzsimmons-Oorbatt prize light. The action was backe d in strong speeches. The New York Board of Walking Delegates has decided to accept the invitation of Bishop Potter to arbitrate ihe difference be tween the Steam Fitters’ Union and the Plumbers’ Union. The Manchester (N. H.) Mills are making large quantities of cotton goods for tho Chinese trade. Five hundred bales of goods were shipped to China this week via Van couver, B. C., and other orders will follow as soon as possiblo. Work on the big gunboats Newport and Vicksburg at the Bath (Me.) Iron Works is progressing rapidly, and the engines are be ing set up in the hoi 1s of the vessels. The workmen are getting ready to start tho construction of the torpedo boats, for which the Bath (Me.) firm hold contracts. Several alterations in the yards are being made to facilitate the work on the new boats. The lowa House, has passed the criminal procedure law, making it a crime punishable bv six months to throe years in the peniten tiary for 10 persons to go together, organized or unorganized, without means, depending on people for support in Kelly or Coxey-army style. A special to tho Detroit (Mich.) News from Cleveland, 0., says: “William Ir.giess, under arrest here for incendiarism, confessed to having set fire to 40 buildings in Detroit.” The dwelling of Frank Penrod at Ladds dale, la., burned Tuesday night, and his five children were burned to death. The eldest was 12 and the youngest 2 years, of age. The origin of the fire is 'unknown. Sixteen apprentice boys have deserted from the United States gunboat Adams, at San Diego. Cala.. in two days. The officers say that different tactics in training the boys must be pursued or wholesale desertion in every port will result, A special from Hancock county, Tena., states that Martha Bull shot and killed her paramour. YtrEn.mEr-mncoroa. Tnttr xnen srrrrt herself. The Bull woman 30 years ago was a leader of society in Camden, Vo. In Chicago the board of trade has decided to begin a crusade against violaters of the interstate commerce law. not only those who discriminate in the giving of rates, but also against those who accept them. CABLE SPARKS. Tho Swiss Bundsrath has made a proposal to buy all the principal railroads of Switzer land. Much annoyance is felt in St. Petersburg at the vaccillating policy of the powers in Crete. The London press bitterly attacks Frince Henri d’Orleans for his language regarding England’s policy and motives in Egypt. Famine is reported to have commenced to invade the district of Sancti Spiritus, Cuba, in consequence of the failure of the sugar <*rop. The Greek Patriarch at Constantinople is sues an official report that 700 persons were killed’in- the massacre- at Tokat. in Asia Minor. The Paris Figaro says the French minister of marine will ask for a Credit of 800.000.000 francs to build forty-live large ships and seventy-five torpedo boats. The report comes from Madrid that nego tiations are in progress for peace in Cuba. Premier Canovas says the campaign in Cuba is nearing a successful close. Pr Leandor S. Jameson, the leader of the Transvaal raid, read a statement before the eoinmLtee of the British Parliament ap pointed to investigate the affair. It was reported in Constantinople that in -onsequenco of the refusal of Lord Salis bury to join in ti blockade of Greek ports. Germany has given notice to tho powers of her intention to withdraw from the concert. The report comes from Key West that the A earner Burmuda landed a cargo of supplies for the Cuban insurgents and that the cargo •va< captured by tho Spanish and retaken by Tic Cubans, Mr. William R. Cromer, formerly a mem ber of the British Parliament and secretary of lho International Arbitration League, said in au n terview in London that while he oras0 r as in Washington Senator Morgan prom ised his support to an arbitration treaty. Mr. Morgan visnies the statement. MURDFIIKI) AM) CUEVIATED, After trilling a Family of Five, the Assas sins Fired the Building. News has reached Nashville that the res idence of Jacob Ado, fifteen miles from the city, on Paradise Ridge, burned Tuesday night. The bodies of Jacob Ade, Mrs. Adq, Lizzie Ade, aged 20 years, their daughter, and RosaMorirer, aged 10 years, who was visi.ing the family, was foimd in ihe ruins of the building. Harry Ade, aged thirteen years, was missing. Ade was a well-to-do farmer. It is supposed that the family was murdered and the house burned to conceal the crime. The authorities are investigat ing the case. Searchers in the ruins of the house found the bodies of the missing boy burned to a crisp. The belief that murder proceeded the fire is growing. The principal evidence leading to this belief is the fact that though the girls face was only slightly burned, the back of her head was missing. It is thought that she was struck by some such instru ment as an axe. The heads of two of the i>odi s wore hot found, Mr. Ade was ever sixty years old, and was considered a rich man by the truck gir ln -ersand small farmers among whom he lived, j There is no clue to the possible murderer. A I roll of money partially burned was found in j an oyster can in the mirs.