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The Northern Pacific farmer. [volume] (Wadena, Minn.) 1878-1885, December 25, 1879, Image 4

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn90059028/1879-12-25/ed-1/seq-4/

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J. E. HALL, Editor anil Proprietor.
One eopy one year,
six months
The Farm and the Dairy.
At about 7:30 a painful acci
dent occurred to John Morrison, a
yonng man living at Fishkill, N. Y.,
who had charge of an engine which
He was exhibiting in the building.
His right hand was caught between
the shaft nnd the arm of the engine,
and terribly crushed and bruised.
Although his wrist was broken he
threw his coat over his shoulder anil
walked from the building without any
Soon after 8pm the band which
had been playing »r an hour left the
stand, aim the literary .exercises be
gan. Colonel R. M. Littler, of Daven
port. Iowa, one ot the vice presidents
presided, and before introducing the
first speaker said that he as a western
man took great pride in the f-tct. tlmt
the city of New York was doing so
much to strengthen the dairymen and
farmers of the Mississippi vsilley.
"Only in late years" he continued,
"has it been admitted that the West
can produce good butter. It was
thought that the work of the dairy
men of the far west would be a fail
ure. But I am glad to say that the
Western farmers, aided by your east
ern appetites and by your commission
merchants, can now compete with the
the older sections of the country,
New England and New York. Du
ring my visit to Europe last sumtaer
1 paid especial attention to dairy pro
ducts, but I saw no exhibition equal
in quality and quantity to this."
Colonel Littler then introduced
Thomas Whittaker, a dairymen ot
Massachusetts, who spoke at some
length. He said lie would hav tha
farmers of the East, West and South
join hands with the New York mer
chant, and present a united front to
the common enemy. If the farmer
would have the farm attractive to the
young people, he must be cheerful
and not grumble. The farmer should
remember that the merchant's nerves
are shattered, and that he works in
the dim light of the city. The farm
er, on the other hand, has the cleat
sky and the pure air of the country
and a beautiful carpet of green grass.
He dwelt on the advantages iu point
of health which the rosy cheeked farm
ers daughter had over her less favor
ed city cousin. The dairy products
he said, were the farmers sons and
daughters. At a recent dairy fair in
Greenfield, Mass., five of the highest
prizes had been taken by a carriage
maker, who had only two cows. His
wife had made the butter, and the
speaker thought that there was noth
ing like a Yankee woman's pluck and
.perseverence. Children in the great
cities required much milk—milk that
should be of the purest kind. The
skin of the cow should be perfectly
clean, and the vessels iu which the
milk is kept should be without a
stain or spot. If the national Society
about to be organized could arrange
so that milk could be delivered to
the consumer directly from the pro
ducer, an inestimable benefit would
result to both. There is an increas
ing eeniaud, too, for fresh butter not
over a iy or two old. The question
of supplying the Eastern and Euro
pean markets was only a question of
lime. The west was growing rapid
ly, and manufactures and commerce
would follow the march of agriculture
Soon, he said, he hoped that America
would cease to rely up Europe for
S. S. Gardner, President of the
Minnesota St u* Dairymen's Associa
tion, who establ shed the first cheese
factory iu Northern Minnesota, spoke
of the farming facilities of the west.
It was only a lew years since the
Western Reserve began to supply
New York with dairy products. Wis
consin was celebrated in Europe for
Iter cheese, and Iowa had the proud
distinction of producing the lifest but*,
ter in them irket. O ily a few years
ago western butter was rcsr.irded with
dislavor. Now all thi* is reversed
Three years ago oleomargarine was
shipped to the west, but now this
trade had stopped. The prairie g**ass
i* of the west were s\v voter and more
nutritious than the grass of the East,
the timothy and clover of New York,
and the grass on the New Englai.d
hills. He had obtained, on an aver
age, a pound of cheese from nine and
a half quarts of milk. In Minnesota
there were millions of acres of grass,
and also hay that can be put in the
stack for $1.50 per ton. The west
had solved the question of transpor
tation to the East. Butter and cheese
could be shipped tor 4.J cents by ex
press, and it could be sent to Liver
pool and back to New York, and then
the shippers could compete with the
New York merchants. Farmers in
the northwest were improving their
dairy machinery and the speaker
thought that the northwest was des
tined to become the great dairy belt
of the couutry.
A large assemblage, consisting of
farmers, professors, presidents of ag
ricultural societies, Congressmen,ex'
Governors and agricultural editors
met in the supper room of the Metro
politan Hotel for the purpose of form
ing a National Agricultural Society.
The matter has been iu agitation ev
er since a preti miliary meeting was
held, on October 22, and the commit
tee having it in charge have been en
gaged since thae time in a very ex
tensive correspondence. Over one
thousand letters have been received
in that time most of them,of an en
douraging character. Copies were
shown of communications from va
rious well known gentlemen from
S. Grant down to Jeflerson ivis.
Two or three communications apiece
wore received lrom Gov. Drew, ot
Florida, lloratio Seymore and others
The meeting wss then organized
by the election oi Gen. M. M. Curtis
ol'Ogdensburg, N. Y., as temporary
chairman, and Captain
J. Law­
rence, Prof. A. R. Ledoux .and Col
E. A. Carman as temporary secreta
ries. Prof. Alvord, of Mass., then
read the constitution. The consider
ation of this was postponed to the
afternoon session.
At the afternoon session the re pre
sentatives of the different States re
ported the Committee on Nomina
tions. The constitution was taken
up and adopted. It provides for the
organization of an association under
the name ot the American Agricultu
ral Society, having for its odjects the
promotion and development of the
agriculture of the whole country and
the interests of thoie engaged there
in. Any person who declares a per
soLal interest iu the subjcc.s of the
society may become a member by
the payment of$l and the payment
ot the necessary annual dues is essen
tial to continued membership. An
nual meetings are to be held, at
which officers are to be chosen. There
is to be a division of the organization
into departments tor the considera
tion of different subjects connected
with agriculture, such as land, horti
culture, animals, emigration and
At the evening meeting two inter
esting addresses were delivered be
fore the society. Prof. Ledoux, ot
North Carolina made the first ad
dress on the subject of the "Quality
of American Seeds."
Prof. Ledoux began by expressing
his surprise that American agricultu
ral journals have comparatively so
little to s:iy about seeds and seed
testiug. The science ot seed exami
nation was created by Dr. Nob be of
the experiment station of Tharand,
Germany, and was only lately intro
duced into the experiment stations of
Connecticut and North Carolina.
The results of Dr. Nob lies investiga
tions were published in a volume of
GOO pages, and are intensely interest
ing even to those who are not occu
pied witli agricultural pursuits. -.
Ledoux summed up the results ob
tained by Dr. Nobbe iu his investi
gation ot the feed sold by European
(•ders as follows: The average per^
cent of pure seeds in commercial saui
pies was 59. Of these 59 per ceut of
seeds which were really what they
were represented to I e, only 18 per
cent were capable of germinating.
One sample of grass seed coutained
ttie seeds of 45 other plants. Anoth
er contained 95 per ceut ot dead
seeds, Three tons oi seed soid as red
ciover contained two tons yellow clo
ver. Old seeds were renovated by
boiling, dyeing, ro.isting weed sects
were stained and used to adulterate
lots ot expensive seeds. English secd
uien sold, iu 18M, over ten tons ot
poor turuip seed disguised so as to
represent a valuable article. In Bo
hemia and elsewhere large lacto
ne.-. were running lor the manufacture
oi seeds from quartz grains, wuich
were colored to order and largely
sold at $50 per ton. S imples of these
seed were exhibited to the society,,
and few were able to distinguish be­
tween one sample seed which was
adulterated 25 per cent with these
stones, and a pure: jle. In Austria
women and children are reguL ry em
ploy to gather weed seeds of all kin's
from the roadsides and hedges, which
are exported to England, where they
are sorted and sold.
American seeds are often undoubt
edly impure, if for no other reason
than because the sedmen import very
largely from all European counties.
In Dr. Gray's Manual ot Botany are
described hundreds of weeds with
the phrase ''introduced from Europe."
Tie German botanist also complain
that American seeds they find the
germs of
and dangereous weeds. D%
Ledoux next described the various
means employed at the experiment
station in North Carolina to detect
impurities, determine the germina
ting power, and detect impurities,
seeds present in comercial samples.
He exhibited three specimen of
sprouting apparatus, in which the
seeds of orchard grass, 'clover and
cabbage were undergoing examintion.
In illustrating the number and va
riety of impurities, he mentionned a
sample of the seed of red clover
which had been found to cotain 14,400
"foreign" seeds in a pound. These
interloping seeds were forty four
distinct species, among them thistle,
dandelion, burdock, cheat, chick
weed, ox eye dai-jy, blue weed, milk
weed and clover dodder. Another
sample contained the seeds of weeds
to the number of 6,000 per pound.
The farmer who sowed his seed upon
his land, sowed with it, ns can easily
be calculated, the germs of 680 blue
weeds' 21,400 dodder and 5,980 dais
ies per acre, to say nothing ot other
injurious seeds present to the num
ber of 6,000 upon every acre. A sin
gle plant of blue weed will produce
14,735 seeds of which by actual ex^
periment 8,000 on an average will
germinate. In summing up the re
sults ot all trustworthy seed tests,
which had been made at the two
American experiment stations iie said
that these results did not differ ma»
terially from those obtained iu Ger
many. American grass seeds contain
on the average 79 per cent of pure
seeds, while in Germany this average
is only 62 the geruiinuihig power of
American grass seed is 50 in Ger
many 42 per cent. The average per
cenfcage of pure seeds in American
native clover is 93, Germany 94.
American clover seed contains50 per
cent of seeds capable oi germinating
the German 42. Seeds of sedge, bed
straw, kuot weed, plantain, dodder,
blue weed, daisy and other injurious
or useless weeds are constantly lound
among American commercial grass
and clover seeds.
In closing Dr. Ledoux made an
appeal t© the society to institute
measures for the practical protection
of our American farmers against in
teutional or uinviu ing deception on
the part oi the dealers and importers
of seeds. He showed also the neces
sity ot instructing the youth at the
agricultural co leges in the means of
identifying impurities and the seeds
of wee*is and' determining the the
variety of'all seeds which are bought
[Dedicated to the interest of the
lady readers of the N. P. FARMER,
who are invited to contribute from
week to week, any items and recipes
that may be of interest to housekeep
Christmns is here. Wise is he
Who drivps sad care av/uy
We've a'l Vlie year for toil ami gnin,
Then oliiliircn be to-day
And iui.o every stocking hung
May lots of good things fall.
Th '.vliiie a Merry Christmns lime
Wc vt i. you one and all,
CHICKEN PNC: Have your chick
ens stewed tender. It is a good plan
to cook them the night before the day
of using The old fashioned way was
alwaysTto have a breakfast service
fromithe pot of chicken intendt for
the pie for the Christmas dinner.
Make a pusto by taking one quart of
flour, one half cup of butter rubbed
in the flour, two teaspoonfuls of bak
iiig powder, and wet with milk,
making it a soft paste, line the sides
and bottom of your disli^a good siz
ed one) with the paste, taking about
half of the quantity of the poste leav
iu? ft quite thick, Fill the dish with
the chicken after seasoning with salt
and pepper take the remaining, past
ry and roll out, spreading with but»
ter and sifting upon it a little flour
sold together repenting the process 3
or 4 times.mafting it about the size
of your dish and fay it on for a cov
er to your pie. Wet the edge press*
ing it. down smoother and ake a
small cUt or opening in the center:
bake one hour, and should it brown,
too fust lay a thick paper over the
& OI
Collections made and promptly remitted. Conveyancing made in good
style. Taxes paid for non-residents. Homestead entries made in Wadena
County for the St. Cloud Land Office. Pre-emption Papers for St. Cloud
and Fergus Falls Land Offices.
Also Dealers In
$5000 To Loan on Real Estate, at 9 per cent, interest. All business in
the above branches transacted accurately.
Wadena Hardware Store.
And Agricultural Implements.
Sash, Doors and Builders Materials, Iron, Steel,
Powder and Shot, Tin and Sheet Iron Work
to order, and ReDairm^ promptly done.
Agent for Deere uo's. Moline
£T.We have for sale the Winchester Rifle. Call and see us and see
everything kepx in a first-class store.
Real Estate, Loan & Insurance.
loir# bny^rr°Ck °f °f
Represents over 100,000 acres of selected Farning Lands in Otter Tail, Becker, Wadena
and Todd counties, all of which are for sale on small cash payments, with balance of pur
chase money on long time or to suit purchasers. These lands are convenient to the follow­
ing named stations on the Northern Pacific R. R.: Detroit, Frazee City, Pertain, N.
Mills, Blmffton, "Wadena, Vemdale and Aldrich.
Speoialliiteffleiilslwill be made to actual settlers, and parties We
to We in small colonies.
Exchange sold on Minneapolis*, St. Paul or Chicago, at Postoffice order
prices. Agent Cunard and American line of Steamers.
General Coroiaucii correctly and jroijtly attended to.
GJO IS soil at Bottom Prices for Cash, or in exchange for Farm Traduce.
Gardner "A 6®,
Wholesale nnd Retail Dealers in
Four, Feed, Meal, Grain,
At priccs that Defy Competition,
C. H. FOS&
lupabcr' Ulh' sLinSlc8 &<"•
Call and M* U*

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