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The Northern Pacific farmer. [volume] (Wadena, Minn.) 1878-1885, April 23, 1885, Image 2

Image and text provided by Minnesota Historical Society; Saint Paul, MN

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn90059028/1885-04-23/ed-1/seq-2/

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what peo*
j»sible *'failure"
£ne exposition, since
"Wis* grand­
er thing to see ^ndlaii bi tbu many
of the great mmaeg shfthaseeinin
her lifetime."
On of Mnk McElroy,i lwt shots in
the white house was at Mrs. Dr. Mary
Walker, whom she designated as a
woman who wanted to appear as a
man, at the same time complimenting
Mim Mann, who happened to be pres
ent^ as a Mann who was content to re
main woman.
A MEMBEK of the roichstag asked
Bismarck if it were true that he in
tended to go to Angra Pequena to in
form himself by personal inspection of
the value of acquisition. "Certainly,
I shall go replied the chancellor,
gravely "and I shall travel hither on
the back of the camel (fool) that start
ed the story."
MRS. DR. BELLOSA of New Haven,
Conn., had for one of her ancestors
Carl Nicholas, a smith, who after shoe
ing Napoleon Bonaparte's horse was
presented with a meerschaum pipe,
now two hundred years old, which is
in possession of Dr. Bellosa. The sil*
ver ornamentation where the stem sets
into the bowl is as bright as the day
when Napoleon took the pipe irom his
mouth and handed it to the black*
UNDER the terms of the liberal grant
money made by the German gov
ernment for the prosecution of his
investigations of the cholera germ
and related subjects, Dr. Koch is to
admit thereto small classes of the
medical men of Germany. Through the
efforts of Minister Kassoh and the
courtesy of Prinott Bismarck, Dr.
George W. Lewis, of Buffalo, N. Y.,
has also bQ«*n admitted to these in
teresting and important studies.
THE Comte de Herisson relates that
on one occasion during the negotia
tions following the Franeo-German
war of 1870 Bismarck offered Jules
Favre a cigar, whieh was declined.
Then said Bismarck: "By not smoking
you have one advantage over me yttu
are more vigilant. But then you have
this disadvantage you are more ir
ritable. A diplomat must be ready to
make concessions, and tobacco makes
one feel, happier, and, thereby, more
conciliator v."
MAX O'RELL writes in the current
Critic thus: "It has been my sad lot
to see no fewer than iouf execrable
translations of my last book* 'Les
Filles de John Bull,' translations th&y
a thirrt-fnriP would
be aahaznedjtof
^i of
but she
results, to
oallad or two
She is now ready to
au's "Lost Chord'* with
vy. ... uescribed as a pretty, broken
accent that is irresistible. She spent
many hours last season in trying to
pronounce the words of this famous
piece, and was only successful after
they had been written out for her in
Italian fashion.
Ds.TFG. C. EVERETT, of Cambrid ge,
relates that at Interlaken, Switzerland,
he dropped into a bookstore and cir
culating library. "The good woman
who had charge," he says "was a
chatty body, and Ifell into conversation
with her. She told me among other
things of an incident that had hap
pened in her shop some time before.
Two gentlemen came in one day, one
a fine-looking man with white hair
and beard, the other younger. The
older asked her which of the books
in her library sho could best recom
mend to him. She brought him Long
fellow's 'Hyperion,' which she told
him he would be sure to like, for it
was a book which delighted every
body. After they had gone out, the
younger one came back and said:
"Do you know to whom you were rec
ommending that book It was to Long
fellom himself."
MR, WALTER has received in Balti
n. ore a bfonze reduction of the figure
"Military Courage," which is to com
plete the group of statuary presented
by him to that city. "The figure,"
says The Sun, "is that of a helmeted
warrior. The left hand grasps the
hilt of a sword, the right clasps the
warrior's thigh. The right arm, bare
above the elbow, id a powerful piece
of modeling. The figure, indeed, is
an extraordinary piece of work, and
the statuette might be placed beside
the bronze reduction, in Mr. Walter's
possession, of Michml Angelo's superb
'Meditation' without suffering disas
trously from the comparison. The
original is in green bronze, to conform
to the Barye statues. It will be placed
at the western end of the square, look
ing up Monument street. It is ex
peoted from Paris soige time next
3 oc-
——i on the
stints and
our line and
fort On the
der an energetic
oank of the Kushk
arghat as far as the
replied that acting
Ah he tooald not re
ashk. then &nt
I letter, couched in
ii the 30th, in order to sup
lAarched With my detacn
Afghan position, still expect
J8ue, but fire from the Afghan
a an attack of their cavalry oom
to accept a combat"
ot Petersburg Journal says the forego
jiatement leaves no question of Bussian
•Agression that, moreover, Sir Peter Lums
den's second dispatch to the British govern
ment justified Qea Eamoroff's action^ and ev
en Mr. Gladstone has Bhown a praiseworthy
anxiety to atone for the Ungracious words
Russia which first escaped him.
tttte fe&cveoted Fight With Biel'a Forces.
Winnipeg Special: CoL Forrest, who left
Geo. Middleton a few days ago, says the gen
eral is in the bestof spirits and, to use his own
words, just dying for a fight If the general
once gets his eye on the rebels there will be a
big fight, for he is determined to strike a blow
that will be felt for all time to come. He ex
pects to meet the rebels in battle on the 18th
inst Gatling guns which are under charge of
Capt Howard, of the United States army, have
been sent to Swift Current CoL Forrest says
the expedition will be a tremendously expen
sive one. For teamsters alone oVer
being paid daily. fii9l is intrenched in the
bush this side of the south branch of the Sas
katchewan. His force is variously estimated at
from six hundred to fifteen hundred men.
Scouts seen by the police a few miles north
have retired. Smoke signals were seen, and it
is evident the advance of our troops is closely
watched. Gen. Middleton had communications
from Maj. Crozier, but keeps them secret
Kiel's scouts are scouring the country in every
direction, and ours report seeing them on the
hills near us. We will probably meet the reb
els, who are encamped on both sides of the
river. CoL Irvine will probably make a sortie
from Prince Albert with 800 men, and will at
tack the rebels on the north side, while this
command will fight the larger force on this
One of Grant's Bright Says.
Last Tuesday Dr. Douglas issued the follow
ing bull9tin: Gen. Grant slept well and nat
urally last night, only waking to take his nour
ishment He says he feels better than he has
for several weeks. Pulse, 72 temperattr
His throat has required no attei^l0a other
Senator w&s ataiOng th® earliest calk
Mid When he left he kaid that he had just
Seen the genital, Whom he had left sitting in an
MAY chair. The general was chatting pleas
antly With nis family^ /and hajdreplaced the
dressing gdwn'which he ft accustomed to wear,
with a coat ana vest
"The general locks auite like himself," con
tinued the ex-senator, and is feeling in the best
of spirits. He says he is better than he has
been for weeks, and I eertainLV thiiil so, too.
His rest was one of natural, refreshing sleep,
and ita benefUfaltffect is plainly evident"
PierrejJttnt Edwards called to'see the general
al 4 little before noon, and remained in the
house a half hour. Upon leaving he said:
"Gen. Grant is infinitely better than I had
any idea I would find him when I called. This
morning he said he felt no discomfort What
ever, but within the past two hours his throat
has grown a bit sore* and he is not permitted
to converse With any one. He gi-eeted me with
fc law voice When I ertterdd the rboni, but after
that he Kpoke no furti: u\ Of course I could
talk to liim and wnen I told him how delighted
1 was he replied with smiles and nods."
the Whfekt fcrop Outlook.
The farmers' Review of Chicago, in sunimitig
up the crop reports from its correspondents,
up to April llv Say* jphe most important fact
during the last week is the developement of
serious damage to the winter wheat crop*
Bains and mild weather have come and gOnO-.
but with them no improvement of a. general
character is shown in the condition bf winter
wheat. If Yre harvest TO £fcr 6ent bf the yield
of 1881 east of the Rocky iilountainSj we shall
do wfclL 'Th^ ibahses Which have brought
about th«se results have already been Stated
and present reports arid Simply a confirmation
t»f past facts. Tn6 crop has been badly winter
killed, brought about by late seeding, severe
Weather early in January, and an unprecedent
ly dry and cold March. The seeding of spring
wher^ is progressing fcloWly but surely, and by
tl*'first of May this crop will be in. The
./eather has been dry generally in the spring
Wheat belt, particularly in Nebraska. Owing
to the failure of the win*'-* wheat ero^ in wauj
of our best winte* ueat sections, a very large
proportion ofland will be planted this sea
son with cov Th® country everywhere needs
"farm, gr- «nng rains.
%he isthmus Trouble Ended.
liniral Jouett telegraphed Secretary "Whit
ey, from Colon, as foliows: 'The situation of
the isthmus is unchanged. Trains run across
regularly without molestation."
It is the general opinion among officers On
duty that the marines who were recently sent
from New York will leave Aspinwall on their
return home in the next two weekB. Admiral
Jouett telegraphs that trains now run across
regularly without molestation. Officers of the
marines apprehend no further difficulty, and
say it is useless to keep so large a force on the
isthmus unless the rebels Bhow signs of con
tinuing their devastations. Should the ma
rines return. Admiral Jouett will have a force
of about 600 men to protect Americans and
American interests.
Winter Wheat la Illinois*
A gentleman, recognised as good authority
on crop matters, writes from Chicago to a bus
iness man of St Paul his observations of the
crops in Illinois, Iowa, Nebraska and Kansas.
He says corn In cribs between Chicago and
Missouri river points, as well as in Kansas and
Nebraska, will average lees than 25 per cent
of their cribbing capacity but the farmers
have supplies equal to the average at this time
of year. The winter wheat outlook in Illinois
is Dad, owing to the severity of the winter,
and at least ten per cent, of the area sown
will be plowed under for oats and will fall fully
25 per cent under that of last year, allowing
that favorable conditions exist from now till
harvest He says the yield this year will fall
under 25,000,000 bushels, against 46,000,000
last year.
Another Fenian Scare.
Ottawa Special: In view of the statement
that an attempt would be made to destroy cer
tain publio works in Canada by dynamiters,
the government is taking extra precautions for
the protection of the Welland canal, which
they have every reason for believing will be
one of the points attacked. The bill which
has passed the third reading in the senate and
the second reading in commons, to prevent
the importation of dynamite and other ex-
except for regular requirements of
will be pushed through to a final read
ing in the commons, th&tit may be carried in
to effect immediately.
Postmasters commissioned N. C. Ridenour,
Corinda, Iowa J. M. Dearmond, Davenport.
President Cleveland will not make too strict
applications of the rules concerning the ap
pointment of territorial officers.
CoL Boudinot, the half-breed Cherokee, and
Miss Mansar, daughter of a former California
millionaire, were married in Washington.
Miss Poebe Cozzens, who advised the presi
dent to be inaugurated* in his old boots, says
he told her that he had followed her advice.
Postmaster General Vilas declares that the
appointment of postal inspectors must be de
cided by examination by a board appointed by
The governor of Alaska* who is supposed to
reside at 8itka, spent all the winter comfortably
in Washington, where he wrote his re
The attorney general has given an opinion to
the president sustaining the eligibility of Mr.
Lawton of Georgia for appointment as minister
to Busaia.
A diplomatic authority in Washington who
is 098frd American* express^ fh? opinion
'ai. fiiJt^killed by ttie enemy,
oWn people.
thaf, in event of an
war, President Cleveland call
of C&ngpess to provide moan?
States to take advantage of the
of George p.. Prentice, old antl
3,, has worked at a (desk in one of
lenjs at Washington for years on a
$, and is perfectly contented, only
oe let alone.
ry Manning recently appointed John
ill of Hoboken, N. J., to be„ superitt
of engraving, ofthe bureau of engrav
ed printing1, tfice Geo. W. Cosilear, re
eS, fit a salary of #3,600 per annum.
In compliance with the request of Secretary
Manning, Mr. Bobert S. Widdecombe, chief of
a division in the office of the auditor of the
treasury for the postoffice department, ten
dered his resignation, to take effect ea the 1st
The statement has hsett 'dMoially authorized
that the policy df the Administration will be
to appoint hegro Democrats to positions
throughout the country from which it is deemed
expedient to Remove the present colored in
Secretary Manning appointed B. Frank Ab
Wt, of New Jersey, chief of a division in the
office of the auditor of the treasury for the
postoffice department, vice Mr. Widcucomb of
Maryland, resigned by request The appointee
is a brother of the governor of New Jersey.
It is understood that the policy of this ad
ministration With regard to appointment to
platies in the Southern states that are now held
by colored Republicans, will be not to substi
tute white men for colored men, but to replace
incompetent or dishonest colored Republicans
with colored Democrates who are worthy and
Although no official information has been
received by the marine hospital bureau of the
existence of cholera in any part of Eu*op^
the authorities aire taking every possible pre
caution to prevent its introduction into this
country. The sanitary inspectors attatclied to
foreign legations have all been appointed by
the secretary of the navy. The quarantine sys
tem will be put in operation by the 1st of May.
The special committee appointed by Acting
Secretary Fairchild to examine the methods of
doing business in the office of the second con
troller of the treasury, has reported that the
work of the bureau is about three months in
arrears, and can only be brought up to date
by extra deligence on part of the clerical force
and by a slight increase in the number of
Pension Commissioner Black said that in the
appointment of boards of surgeons in the
various cities of the country to examine appli
cants for pensions, his policy will be to select
from both political parties. The surgeons
constitute a board, and thefeustom has been to
select entirely from Republicans. Gen, Black
says he intends to have each board of his se
lection composed of two Democrats and MS
Secretary Lamar, in conversation with sev
eral democrats, one of whom remarked that
there was dissatisfaction in the party at what
was considered the dilatoriness of the adminis
tration in removing republicans
SSST& to
.cambered that not ohly .a neiijr
f—cy, but naw men had cbme into control of
the government that t&d hien in fehatge of the
departments could not familiarize thettUelVes
With the Vast interests ftrid ditties lutrusted to
theft in a day, and it Was better f6r the coun
try for the adimnstration Id prbceed slowly.
Clark's variety theater and three adjoining
buildings at Brighton,Ont:, Were burned. Loss,
At Lincoln, HI., the Lincoln Coal company's
shaft and landing caught firo and were soon a
mass of flames. From ten to twenty miners
are at the bottom. The loss is about $100,000,
and there is no insurance.
Edwards £ierrepont, secretary of the
Walter Vdn Goethe, the last descendant bf
the great German poet, died at Leipsic.
Mdoney A Co.'S foundry in Montreal was
burned Recently. Loss, #100,000 insurance,
A number of American ladies are making ar
rangements tor a concert to be given in Lon
don, the proceeds of which will bo added to
the fund instituted by the princess of Wales for
the relief of the wounded in the Soudan cam
A dispatch to the* Daily Telegraph from
Constantinople says: The shah of Persia has
offered to let England have 50,000. Persian
troops in the event of war with Russia. Ij jH
reported that .AyvnV
Qen. Komaroff plans df the defenses of
The first account of the row at Cork was
greatly exaggerated. An English reporter of
a London daily newspaper remarked to the
ohief of police that he never saw a more pious
riot The chief laughed at the reporters ob
servation and remarked that the fuss recently
was a mere nothing—"only the boys letting off
a little exhuberance of spirits"—said he.
Karl Blind, the distinguished German revo
lutionist, hi refusing to attend a conference of
the peace arbitration association in London,
Writes that he is already desirous of peace
Whenever it can honorably be obtained, but as
the czar's government is so manifestly showing
Buch brutal violence, and as its final aim is In
dia, arbitration between England and Russia
would be useless. Only thirty persons attend
ed the conference.
The following telegram Was received from
M. Patenotre, the French minister to China:
The Official Gazette of Pekin publishes an
imperial decree ordering the execution of the
preliminaries of peace between China and
France. The decree orders the viceory of
Canton to send a customs commissioner, a
mandarin, to Hanoi, to make arrangements
with Gen. de Lisle for the evacuation of Ton
quin by the Chinese troops. Luhviitphuoo,
chief of the Black Flags, has received a title
equivalent to that of baron, and will be made
governor of a Chinese province, and will re
ceive a large sum of money to enable him to
pay and disband his followers.
The St Louis murder is as much of a mys
tery as ever. Trace of Maxwell is said to have
been found at San Francisco.
News has been received in Philadelphia that
George Finch, a base ball player resident in
that city, was murdered in Marshialltown, Iowa,
It is rumored that the New York Times is
for sale, and that Mr. George Jones has been
trying for some time to dispose of it The
price ne askes is #750,000.
The Alert, of the Greely relief expedition,
will be taken from Halifax to New York in a few
days, where she will be returned to the Eng
lish government, with the thanks of congress.
A complimentary dinner was given in Cin
cinnati, to the Hon. George H. Pendleton, the
recently appointed minister to Germany, by
his fellow citizens of.
c&n legation at R6me, ifc dead.
Rev. j. B. Bitlinger, D. D., of Swickley
Presbyterian church,. Pittsburg, well known
throughout the country, died recently, aged
sixty-three years.
Gen. Don Carlos Buell of Kentucky his beeii
booked fbr pension agent for that state.
Buell is nearly broken up financially, having
invested his means unprofitably in 'Kentucky
Coal mines.
the General Says
That the public ina^ be enabled to thoi'
ptighljr Understand the case as it is and form
reliame opinions, the following absolute facts
$Lre given as a basis for publio and personal
The general is not grealiy emaciated about
the body, he has lost some flesh, but how
much can not be told, as he has not been
Weighed in some time. His face is not much
changed, but it has a careworn expression.
The glandular swelling has at' no time been
larger than a hen's egg, and from that down to
the size of a pigoen's egg.. It is located at the
angle of the right jaw. It has never entirely
disappeared since it came, months ag6. The
swelling is due first to irritation of the growth
and finally to the progress of disease in the
glands themselves. There is no pos
itive evdence at present that the,
glands have become actively diseased
though the presumption is that they
are diseased the disease does not extend to
nor affect any of the processes of the general's
ear. There is pome danger of that—a possi
bility, but not a probability. At present it is
not going in that direction. The disease is
spreading very gradually backward in the back
Cincinnati. A large num­
ber of Republicans were present
The Baptist Women's Foreign Missionary
Society of the West has just closed an inter
esting two days sesion in Toledo, 117 delegates
being present Mrs. A. J. Howe of Chicago
was re-elected president for the ensuing rear.
The next session of tile society will be held in
Terre Haute, Ind.
A copy of the last general field order issued
by Gen. Bobert E. Lee to the army of North
ern Yirginia, just after the surrender to Gen.
Grant at Appomattox Court House, has just
been found at Ptfrkersburg, W. Ya. The order
is printed in large, full-faced type, upon an
inferior, faded and tattered piece of paper.
The family of Oliver Duncan, seven in num
ber, residing in what is known as the rolling
mill boarding house, Evansville, Ind., were
poisoned by eating wild greens picked from
the commons. All except one daughter are re
garded as out of danger.
The Brighton Banch company, in Custer
county, Neb., has fenced in several acres of
land contrary to law, and all settlers who have
taken up land within the enclosure have been
driven off by armed men in the employ of the
company. Serious trouble has been antici
pated for some time, and it culminated a few
days ago in the shooting of a settler nftined
Providence by a oow-boy named Lon^,
art of the throat and behind the palate. It
communicated somewhat to the back part
of the nose, in front of and above the palate.
There is no lump on the tongue. It is a small
ulcer, away back on the side of the tongue. It
has never been shown to its whole extent, but
it is a sniall ulcer, irregular in shape and ffom
a quarter to a half-inch in diameter. In case
of epitheliama there is no lump it is an ulcer.
There is a discharge from the ulcerated sur
face, composed of mucus, broken-down tissue
and some little matter in other-w
ords it is muco
-•ns. an ulcerated surface
that includes the palate, the back part of the
throat and right side of the tongue. There is a
chance for the general improvement of the
patient by the tempoary arrest of the disease.
The atmosphere of mountains or the West would
in fair weather, be better than the
salt air of the
seabord. In all concerous cases of the throat
there are complications of irritation about the
throat, which should be called accidents of the
disease, and it is these camplications that have
given trouble, rather than the steady progress of
the disease. In this case the complications are
swelling of the throat, increase of inflammation,
spasms, hemorrhage and increased flow of mu
Six drops or minims of morphia are given
each twenty-four hours, just enough to control
the pain and induce sleep. Without morphia,
the pain would at times be unbearable. The
general takes for food one to two tumblerfuls,
of a mixture of beef extract and egg and milk
every two to four hours, night and day. He
relished a little clam broth vesterday as much
as he relishes anything. The general usually
reclines in the cnair attired in knitted under
wear, on his feet knitted wool moccasins, a
brown dressing gown trimmed with silk and
belted with a heavy cord. Over his lap is spread
a eilk and satin quilt filled with down, while
upon his head he wears a silk cap, which he
has long worn to protect his head from attacks
of neuralgia
The Prince of Wales Votbcd at Cork.
Cork Special: John H. Oonno r, Nationalist
member of parliament from Tipperary,
marched at the head of the procession of na
tional leaguers, who closely followed the royal
procession, and sang "God Save Ireland" every
time the loyal bands Btarted up "God Save the
Queen" or "God Save the Princess." The Prince
betrayed some feeling when he replied to the
address presented by. the magistrate. As the
open carriage containing the prince was cross
ing Parnell bridge some one in the crowd
threw an onion at his royal highness. The
missile missed the prince but hit one of the
footmen behind the carriage and the crowd
cheered. During the afternoon a detective ar
rested a rowdy who was throwing stones at the
loyalists. A mob speedily formed and at
tempted to rescue the prisoner. The detective
fired his revolver, but without hitting any one,
and succeeded in taking his prisoner to a police
court, when be was promptly re
leased on bail furnished by the mayor of Cork.
Early in the evening the Nationalists held a
mass meeting, where inflammatory speeches
were made and the latest London newspapers
containing accounts of the royal progress were
burned in bonfire. After the mass meeting
the Nationalists scattered through the city in
parties numbering from fifty to five hundred
men. Doors and windows were smashed, flags
and decorations were torn down and heaped
upon the blazing bonfires, and many gun
stores were broken into for the purpose
of arming the mob. Policemen, wnen en
countered singly or in small squads, were at
tacked and beaten unmercifully witn their own
truncheons. In many cases the police rallied
and charged desperately upon tne mob, but
were invariably surrounded and repulsed.
The police then resorted to a free use of their
revolvers and bayonets. It was hand-to-hand
fighting ot the most desperate sort, the police
standing back to back, and receiving and in
flicting terrible injuries. At midnight the
streets were practically in possession of the
Intentions of the Kiel Rebels.
Winnipeg Special: The position of affair
at Prince Albert will be seen from the follow
ing statement of John Brown of Prince Albert,
who eluded the rebels and reached here. He
said that Riel did not intend fighting at the
commencement of the rebellion, although he
was fully prepared for war, as he was under
the impression that the government would bow
to'the wishes of the half-breeds. Now that
the first shot has been fired, Mr. Brown is of
the opinion that there will be some hot
work before the war is ended. The rebels
vow that they will fight to the last, and are
ly equipDed for the occasion. Atthe time Mr.
Brown left his home Riel had over 600 haif
broeds and
to# uo xft
Bukkur For
The above map, although .not embracing theCaspian sea aQd showing the trend of Russian
conquest in Turkestan, will give a generally accurate idea of the opposing interests in Central Asia.
Russia has extended her power over the Central Asian khanates steadily and surely during the
past twenty ye&rs. The acquisition of Merv two years ago gave her command over the roads tji
Herat and in the valleys of the MUrghab, the Kushk and the Heri-Rud rivers. She is advancing
Robat pass, where Gen. Lumsden. the British boundary commissioner, has concentrated his troops,
eighty miles from Herat. This pass is 000 feet high. Here, in case of war, the struggle will com
mence. From Herat to Cabul, the Afghan capital, is about 450 mile.?. The tract of country in dis
pute lies mainly between the Heri-Rud, or River of Herat, and 4he Murg'uab, or River of Morv. Thii
is called the Badghis district. The Russians occupy the Zuliikar pass on the east side of the Heri
Rud, aim also Ak-Robat, 120 miles from Herat, and also Pendjeh, 100 miles irom that city. Th(
British at Quettah, beyond the Bolan pass in Southern Afghanistan, are 514 miles from Herat. TLi
railroad connecting with the Indus Valley railway, by which troops may be sent to Quettah,througl
the Bolan, is under construction to Candahar. It takes an English force fifty days to go frqn
England to Candahar. Russia's railway facilities place her fifty-six days from tlie same point.
Russia can place a force before Herat in only thirty-two .days front Odessa,. 6h the Black sea, and ii
would take England fifty-one days to reaeh Herat irom Khrraclice he seapWrt f/hoi'P th? indtis Vallej
Indian military authorities to have an advance 'ordered is easily explicable, The Russians are on
the inside track in the race to Herat.
the Sit'
nation- Comprehennllre Medical State
tJen. Grant gained much in the earlier part
of last week. On Wednesday Dr. Newman said:
"Gen. Grant is very much better. He conversed
readily with those around him! and seems to be
quite cheerful and happy. He is getting dress
ed srotiaorfl and vest and dressing gown.
There is a groat it^prsveiheht in Mid cdndition.
Thd fldloi* of the Skin i's different He looks
like a healthy man. He is buoyed up by faith.
The prayers of tlie people of the whole
country—of Protestants, of Catholics and of He
brews—have ]jeen offered up for him, and they
are. being answered. The general now believes
he will get welL He feels, and,,! feei, that the
supplications of so many millions of people for
such a Consummation will be answered. There
is a grand chance, I think, of the general get
ting well again. I have not seen the physi
cians, and cannot say that they share my views.
His improvement may be credited particularly
to the power of mind over matter. To-day, as
I parted from him, he pressed my hand and
said: 'Thrice have I been in the valley of the
shadow of death, and thrice have I come out
and anticipated
toek \$!
help from the Siottx and other bands of Indi
ans who have since joined him.
"Riel told ttie hiliiself," said Mr. Brown, "that
ho expected help from nearly all the Indians,
and I have no doubt but what he will get it, as
they are greatly dissatisfied with the manner in
which the government has allowed them to
starve. Riel has runners all over the country,
and news is carried back and forth among the
different camps almost as quick as you get mes
sages by wiro."
Beside the help already mentioned, Mr.
Brown said that Kiel counted on one hun«.
dred cowboys and half-breeds from Mohtand
tttidsoii'!?,. IJay company^ -recently
received a dispatch irotri their officer at
Prince Albei t, dated the 11th inst General
Middleton, tlio dispatch indicates, will soon
reach Clarke's Crossing, if he does not encoun
ter rebels before getting there. He will then
proceed on to Batoelie's Crossing, twenty-three
miles up the Saskatchewan. If no resistance is
offered, Middleton will make a dash across the
country from Batoclie to Prince Albert, which
he thinks he can reach in a short time.
Gen. Kazan's Mild Xtepremand.
Gen. Hazen was tried for conduct to the
prejudice of good order and military discip
line, and the offenses alleged to have
been committed were contained in three
specifications, which set fijrth—first,
that in his official report for 1884 ho criti
cised the official action of the secretary of
war second,.that he addressed a ietter to the
secretary in which He claimed that the loss of
life on the Greely expedition was due to the sec
retary's decision not to send a steamer to the
rescue in September, 18S and third, that with
out permission lie caused the purport of said
letter to be published in a Washington newspa
The sentence was a reprimand, which is
made by the president as follows:
The proceedings, findings and sentence in the
case of Brig. Gen. Willi dm B. Hazen, chief sig
hal officer of the United Siates army, are hereby
approved, in giving effect to the sentence of the
court martial, it is to be observed that tne more
exalted the rank hold by an officer of the army
the greater the responsibility resting on him to
afford, through his own subordination to his su
perior officers, an example for all others of in
ferior rank in the service. To an officer of
fina sensibilities the mere fact of being brought
to trial before a court martial must be in it
self a mortification and puuishment In the
foregoing case, the accused, whose high
rank and long experience should have inspired
him with it full realization of that respect for
constituted authority which is essential to dis
pline, has been adjudged guilty of indulging in
unwarranted and captious criticism of his supe
rior officer, the secretary of war, thereby setting
an example subversive of discipline and the in
terests of the service. Subordination is neces
sarily the primal duty of a soldier, whatever
his grade may be. In losing sight of these
principles the accused has brought upon him
self the condemnation of his brother officers
who examined the charges against him and se
riously impairs his own honorable record of
previous conduct It is to be hoped that the
lesson will not be forgotten.
Gen. Hazen will be released from arrest and
assume the duties of his office.
Oklahoma Boomers Get a Set Back.
A Washington paper prints an interview be
tween Capt Couch, the leader of the Okla
homa "boomers," and the secretary of the in
terior, with regard to the Oklahoma lands, in
the course of which Secretary Lamar said, re
garding the course of the administration: "I
will state to you the policy of this administra
tion with regard to this Oklahoma country. It
considers the Oklahoma territory on which
the persons you represent are proposing to
make settlements, as within and apart of the
Indian territory. The administration regards
it as not apart of the public domain open to
entry and settlement and the acquisition
of titles under the land laws of the
United States, being Indian country that
is, territory acquired and reserved for
Indian occupancy. The government. ia
pledged to the protection of it and the
security of the Indians from intrud
ers. No white persons have aright to go thore
and reside without a permit, and when they do
go they are intruders who are acting illegally
and wrongfully. The policy of the president
is to execute the pledge of the government and
protect this territory from the intrusion of
white persons, who claim that they have a
right to enter upon it and that it was public
domain, subject to pre-emption and homestead
or settlement." "Is this the final decision?"
asked Capt Couch. "It is and will be en
forced," replied Mr. Lamar. In reply to' a
further question, Secrotaiy Lamar said the ad
ministration was determined that the cattle
men on the Oklahoma reservation should
leave. They will not be permitted to graze
their cattle within the limits of the territory.
He repeated this declaration with emphasis
The Hazen Court Martial.
Washington Special: The findings of the
Hazen court were handed to Secretary Endi
cott about two weeks ago, on the eve of his de
parture for Boston. He locked them up until
his return, but final action by him is looked
for every day. A reprimand is expected. The
trial, whatever the verdict may be, bids fair to
reopen the question of responsibility for the
disaster to the Greely party "as well as lead to
an effort to improve by legislation our present
system of court martial proceedure. Gen. Ha
zen and his friends will make a determined ef
fort as soon as congress meets next December
to have a joint congressional committee inves
tigate the whole arctic matter. While Gen. Ha
zen feels totally indifferent as to the findings
of the recent court martial, it is said that he
will appeal to the president for anew trial
should they be adverse. Whether acquitted or
not his counsel, Judge Mackey, intends to pub
lish the trial in book form.
Important Military Changes.
An order has been issued at the war depart
ment assigning Assistant Adjt Gen. Thomas
M. Yin cent to duty as adjutant general of the
department of Dakota at Fort Snelling, Minn.,
instead of the department of the Platte, at
Omaha. Assistant Adjt Gen. Samuel Breck is
ordered to Omaha from Fort Snelling. Gen.
Absalom Baird is detached from duty at the
war department and ordered as inspector gen
eral of the division of the Missouri, with head
quarters at Chicago. Lieut CoL Hughes is
ordered to the division of the Pacific, with
headquarters at San Francisco. Maj. Heyl is
ordered to the department of Texas, with
headquarters at San Antonio, and Maj. Burton
is ordered to the department of Missouri, with
headquarters at Fort Leavenworth.
Sam Bandalt's gout is improving, and his
carbuncle has broken.' He has been able to go
out riding. Aside from a pale and worn coun
tenance and his cushioned left foot, he appears
as ueuaL He will take a trip at sea, poseihly
up along th* Atlantic coast.
Defective Page
Aetlona of Minnesota Legislature On the
8ul^eet-»Work of the Commissioners»
GaY..,-Htofcbarcl appointed W:i(j Sice Of
Eiiriibrota commissioner and the latter select-.
ed H. C. Howard of Lake Crystal—an ardent
champion of the law before the late legislature
—as his assistant Mr. Rice is secretary of the
Minnesota Butter and Cheese association) and
assistant secretary @f the StAtd diiif ex
hibit at fteW Orleans. The commissioner
has an office in the the third story of the
capitoL The commissioner, Mr. Rice, will
remain at Zumbrota the assistant commis
sioner, Mr. Howard and the Bocretary hav
ing charge of the office at the capitoL The
commissioner or assistant will visit every
large dairy market and manufactory in the
state and every section interested in dairy
ing, two or three times a year, or oftener if
necessary, and make a thorough investiga
tion of butter and milk. If Any quantity of
either appears at all impure or adulterated it
Will be Seised and subjected to a thorough
chemical analysis. If it prove id any par
ticular to come under the proscription of the
law, the manufacturer or dealer will be
prosecuted accordingly. "There Will, of course,
be no regular time for visiting each city, as
stich a system Wolild enable prominent dealers
to conceal the|9 bogus stock. If at any time
complaint Of adulterated products is.^ecieved,
Such Will.be At. bnce Investigated Sfr., How
ard is now inspecting the markets of Minneap
olis, and will spend the next fort-night in
a thorough inspection of the dual cities.
This completed, he will continue the wpirk
throughout the state. The commission
ers announce their intention to enforce
the law to the iotter. They delayed commenc
ing operations immediately on tne approval of
the law, so as to work no injustice to dealers
having a large supply of butterino on hand.
Hereafter, however, their inspection and pros
ecution will be rigorous. The,moral effect of
the law has already been very marked. Mr.
Howard Baid that he had interrogated several
leading dealers in St Paul, and the invariable
reply was that their sales of butter had in
creased at least 300 per cent since the law Went
in to effect In Minneapolis} Anthony Kelly, one
of the largest dealers, had recalled All the but
terine he had out, and refused to tpticii
any more. Mr. Howard visited a number of
places hi Minneapolis and found thai the but
terine, exposed for sale when he had /isited
tbei'e sometime ago had all disappeared ,He
visited the Si Paul iHaffeet hftrtse arid. tyttnd
no butterine. So far as he could asc6i'laifl, all
dealers HI this state are disposed to obey the
dictates of the law. He was informed, howev
er, that Frirbanks, Armour & Co., the greatest
butterine and oleomargarine manufacturers of
Chicago, intend to test the constitutionality of
the law next fall, on the ground that their but
terine is a wholesome product. Mr. Howard
believes it will be very easy for the commis
sion to prove the stuff deleterious to health,
and the law therefore authorized.
No person shall offer for sale any unclean,
impure, unhealthy, adulterated or unwhole
some milk, or any article of food made there
from. Pure skim cheese made from milk
adulterated only by skimming is excepted. No
person shall keep QOWS for the production of
to ilk fd)4 3ale in a Crowded or unhealthy con
dition nor feed them unhealthy food nor
inanuf^cturp apy article of food front thi
healthy or impiire milk. No person shall sell
or bring to be manufactured to any butter or
cheese manufactury any milk diluted with
water or in any way unclean or impure, or
Milk from whicli any cream has been taken
(except as above) or shall keep back any part
of the milk known as "stoppings" or supply
Sour milk to the manufactories. Manufactur
ers must keep an account of all milk daily
received and of the number of pounds and
packages of butter and cheese made daily and
disposed of daily, open to the inspection of any
person delivering milk there. No person shall
manufacture of any oleaginous substance, or
of any compound other than that produced
from unadulterated milk or cream, any article
designated td take the' place of bnttfer and
cheese produced from pure milk. Nri person
&hall offer for sale in full packages, butter or
cheese with a false brand or label of county or
state where it is made. No person shall man
ufacture or sell condensed milk, unless put
tip in packages distinctly labeled, and unless
made irom fresh, pure, healthy and unadulter
ated milk, unskimmed, and unless the pro
portion of milk solids in tne condensed
milk be equal to 12 per cent of milk solids in
crude milk, and of such solids 2.5 per cent
must be fat The law furtlief provides foi a
commissioner and assistants, who shall have
access to all factories, farms, etc., used in the
manufacture and sale of dairy products, and
shall have power to open any package, can or
Vessel and inspect the" contents. District and
municipal courts are given the necessary juris
diction over cases under the act Milk shown
to contain more than 88 per cent, of water and
fluids, or less than 1 aper cent of milk solids,
of which not less than 3 per cent, is fat, shall
be declared adultrated and milk drawn from
Cows within fifteen days before and five days
after parturition, or from animals fed on un
healthy food, shall be declared unclean and im
pure. Tho act provides for various fines and
imprisonments, ranging from $25 to $500, and
from fifteen days to one year.
Minnesota Laws Interpreted.
The attorney general has prepared several
opinions in answer to ifaquiries from officials in
different parts of the state. A. M. Sperry, coun
ty superintendent of schools for Dodge county,
enquires whether teachers have the right td
dismiss vicious children from a school with
out waiting for the report of the trustees, as
provided by the code. The attorney general is
of the opinion that teachers can undoubtedly
dismiss children of this class when the
disipline of 'the school requires it, but
the case should at once be reported
to the trustees. He cites a decision
of Judge Lyon in the case of The State vs.
Burton, 45*Wis.^ 150, 155, in support of his
opinion. Another county superintendent of
schools desires to know if he can hold a
commission as notary public and still retain his
position of superintendent, to which the attor
ney general returns a brief affirmative answer.
The county attorney of Wabasha county writes
that, in as much as section 50 of chapter 11,
General Statutes of 1878, as amended by the
first legislature, provides that "if delinquent
personal property tax is
not paid on demand, the
sheriff shall distrain sufficient goods belonging
to the delinquent,etc.," ho would like to have the
attorney general's opinion whether a demand
is necessary before the sheriff can resort to a
(ustraint and if so, what is to be done in the
case of persons moving from one county to
another, or to another state, owing personal
tax or having personal property in a county of
which thev are not residents. In answer the
attorney general says a demand is absolutely
necessary that when parties have left a coun
ty and moved to- another part of the state, the
case is provided for in sections 03 and 64 of the
statute, and that in case of a removal of a par
ty owning personal property to ahother state,
there is no wav at present to collect
the tax. Mr. Hafm ia alBO asked to give
his opinion whether under section 17,
chapter 120, General Statutes, of 1878,
a county which has in its jail priso
ners of another county, can charge more than
$4 per wees, which is allowed bylaw for their
board, if bedding, medical attendance, etc., is
furnished the prisoners. In reply the attorney
general says that, By section 19 it is made the
duly of the sheriff to furnish everything that
would seem to be necessary to the comfort or
physical health of a prisoner (other than such
as it is his duty to provide in return for the
weekly compensation allowed him) at the ex
pense of the county. Under this section he is
inclined to believe that the sheriff would bean
thorized to provide necessary bedding, cloth
ing and fuel, and medical aid, for prisoners
from another county, and would have a valid
claim ttierefor against the county from which
such prisoners are received.
Appointments by Governor Hubbard.
The governor has appointed as the commis
sion to locate a third hospital for the insane,
Dr. C. R. Bartlett, superintendent of the hospi
tal at St. Peter H. H. Hart, secretary of the
board of corrections and charities Hon. R. B.
Langdon, Minneapolis Hon. H.
Rotbsay F. S. Christensen, Rush City. As in
spector of steam boilers he has appointed
Charles A. Seley, Duluth Frank A. Scott, St
Paul J. E Cushing, Minneapolis. The gov
ernor states that Mr. Seley is a member of the
American society of Mechanical Engineers and
is specially fitted by education and practical
training for the duties of the po
sition. He has a thorough knowledge of the
appliances and methods of steam heating, as
well as of the Use of steam for all other pur
poses. Mr. Scott, the present assistant to the
United States supervising inspector of steam
boats, and has served in that capacity several
years. He was a machinest and engineer pri
or to his present employment Mr. Cushing
has had much training and experience in the
line of duty imposed by his appointment under
the law.
The dead body of Gnnder Sigusdon was
found in his cabin in Clay county. It was a
case of alcoholism and no inquest was held.
C. J. Jawbridge has closed the Buell hotel
at Fergus Falls and purchased a ,half interest
in the fixtures, lease and business of the
3rand hotel.
Hanscom, one of the Litchfield fire-bugs has
been held to the grand jury.
Frank Landers, of many aliases, arrived at
St Paul, and was safely esconsed behind the
Gov. Hubbard has appointed Charles A.
Seley of Dulnth. Frank A. Scott of St Paul,
and J. P. Cushing of Minneapolis, is inspect
ors of steam boilers, 4J1 three of tbes# ap­
pointees are vouched for by the governor as
capable of their new duties satis
JS a commission to locate a third
hospital for .the insane, the goyernorappo:nted
Dr. O. R. Bartlett of 8t Peter, Secretary Hart
of the state board of charities, R. B. Langdon,
H. C. Stordock and F. S. Christensen.
Nic Mnnck ot Winona will build the new con
vent.ifl that.filter for #20,961.
John R. Krom, a commission, merchant of
Minneapolis dropped dead in the street from
heart disease.
Bnrglafs have visited several residences in
Hastings. At €r. Heniou's* cash and papers
were taken, bht were recovered in a box, Where
they had been left by the thieves. G. W.
Noesen's residence was visited, the thieve
taking a gold watch and chain from his vest
pocket and stripping the bureau drawers of
nis wife's jewelry- and other valuables, the
whole amounting in value to 9125.
EL Glaisyer's drug store, at Hawley was
burglarized recently, and about $50 worth of
jewelry and notions taken.
Brainerd has a cooking club, and its twenty
members entertained their masculine friends
at a specimen feed last week.
Internal Revenue Collector Bickel of St
Patll, received a communication from Com
missioner Miller at Washington, directing the
discharge of one of the two gangers employed
in St Pam and Minneapolis. In tlio future
one ganger will do the work for both cities,
working in Minneapolis in the morning and
St. Paul in the afternoon. Of the two gaugers,
Adam Bohland of St Paul WU1 be retained and
G. Peltier of MiimeapOlis will have to go.
The Minnesota Tiirfe&ier company failed to
get its order to sell th0 assets of the North
western Car company.
Rolla Levey, a clerk in the Brunswick bakery
at Litchfield, which was set on fire recently,
has been arrested, and confesses that tho pro
prietors, Johnson & Hanscom, hired him to
btirn the building. They were arrested at
Wiilmar and taken td Litchfleldi Their pre
liminary examination was continued
Dr. Norman Seaver of Syracuse is coming to
the Park Congregational church, St. Paul.
A man and a horse between them killed
Albert Nelson, in a St. Paul livery stable, at St.
PattL The man Ed Ricker is under arrest.
Mary fttocre or La Crescent, Houston coun
ty, died
aged eighteen. Friends
Say she has lived sixij -iwrr .flats', With
out food. During the early part ttt hw sick
ness she ate food but her stomach rejecteu it,
and it was vomited in a short time so com
pletely tb*t none could pass into the system
as nutriment. Utirtflg tho last half of her
sickness no attempt waS made to give her
food, but water only. Cancer of the stomach
is the supposed cause of her death. She Was
the merest skeleton, being emaciated beyond
anything the local doctors had ever heard or
read of.
The late legislature passed an act for regu
lating co-operative insurance societies and
placing them under the supervision of the
state insurance commissioner. Insurance
Commissioner McGill says that hfe has order
ed the necessary blanks, etc., printed, and that
it will probably boa full month bofore the
provisions of the law can be carried into ef
Young Haffer, who was arrested in Alma
City, for the seduction of a young girl, and
trough t9 Bt. Paul for trial, was released by
order of the county commissioners, on the pay
ment of$200 to cover expenses and provide
for the girl, to a certain extent.
The Unitarians off Minneapolis are to build a
$35,000 Church.
The Red Wing & Iowa elected the following
officers atit8 annual mooting: S. B. Foot, pres
ident C. Betcher, vice president: W. C. Wil
liston, secretary J. C. Pierce, treasurer di
rectors, S. B. Foot, C. Betcher, W. C. Willistou,
J. C. Pierce, T. K. Simmons, E. H. Hoard,
G. R. Sterling, E. W. Brooke, T. B. Sheldon, J.
M. Hodgman.
Si. C. Russell of Lake City, is securing pilots
for the British government for service on the
The residence of W. H. Veazie at Marine was
The New England house, Winona, burned
recently. It,,was owned by C. C. Tucker no
insurance. The contents were owned by Mrs.
Anna Heatz, and insured for $1,000.
J. F. Meagher of Mankato is mentioned to
succeed ex-Gov. Ramsey as a member of the
Utah commission, and Ir. Hecnan of Morris
is being' pressed for a foreign consulate.
Burglars raided the residences of Mrs. C. D.
Putnam and Rev. Dr. John in Winona. From
the latter they stole Mr. John'd gold watch and
what money he had in his pants. They an
swer the description of the same parties who
Went through Hastings.
A telegram from Duluth states that one Bill
Yarley in a difficulty at Shell Lake shot a sa
loonkeeper. and escaping arrest then, was
captured at Spooner by officers after a des
perate staugglo. Yarley is a well known char
acter in St Paul, of^unenviable notoriety.
The residence of William H. Veazie at
Marine was discovered to be on fire recently,
and in about two hours the structure was con
sumed, together with some of the contents.
When discovered, the flames were bursting
from the woodshed, where the fire was prob
ably set by an incendiary. It was the linest
residence it Marine costing $10,000. It was in
sured for $6,000 in tho iEtna of Hartford.
The contents were insured for $500. The res
idence of Samuel Judd at that place was recent
ly burned, and it is suspected that both resi
dences were fired by certain creditors of Walk
er, Judd & Veazie, who think that the private
property of the firm should have been included
in the list of assets. Mr. Judd and another
gentlemau were riding through the streets at
Marine, when a number of men congregated to
gether on tho side of tho street, hooted at Mr.
A tramp entered the house of J. Tilden,
Owatonna, and drawing a revolver on Mrs. Til
den demanded her money. The lady raised
an alarm and the villian tied.
Rolla Sevey, a boy of eighteen, confessed in
court that he Bet the Brunswick bakery, at
Litchfield, on fire at the instance of its proprie
tors, O. M. Hascani and A. E. Johnson, their
object being to secure from the insurance ro
turns the business was not bringing in, legiti
mately conducted. Both were bound over.
Louis Bean, son of a wealthy brewer of Owa
tonna, has been arrested on complaint of Mrs.
Jacoby, who alleged that young Bean outraged
her, during tho absence of her husband.
D. O. Erwin has received his commission as
postmaster of Lake City and has assumed the
duties of tho office.
Rolla Sevey of Litchfield has confessed to
Betting fire to the store of Hanscomb and John
son at the instanco of the proprietors to get
the insurance.
W. D. Washburn & Co., have concluded to
rebuild their Lincoln flouring mill, destroyed
by fire last August at Anoka. The mill will
have the latest improved machinery.
Herman Griebenou, living near Alexandaia,
while handling a loaded gun accidently dis
charged it, the load entering his forehead and
killing him instantly. He leaves a wife and 11
B. H. Monroe of Minnesota Falls losthia
house and contents by fire. Only a cabinet or
gan was saved by Mrs. Monroe.
Farmers about Hutchinson are Bowing moro
oats and corn and less wheat than usual this
Farmers in Stevens county are giving horte
raising considerable attention.
The financial statement of Goodhue county,
just completed by the anditor, makes tho fol
lowing showing: Liabilities—Bonded indebt
edness, none county orders not presented for
payment, $1,704.10 appropriations unpaid,
total liabilities, 9,2,lt_W.3-. Total as
sets, 91,192.57. Amount of assets over and
above liabilities, $88,254.25.
A new swindle has been perpetrated on the
farmers of Winona county lfetely by a sharper
who went through the cOtHlty: Mntrsctiug to
pay 60 cents per bushel for jiOtatooe^delivered
at Winona He get his hoard frSs, iad at one
bouse exchanged his oldetp&efior the farm
er's good ones, and skiji
It has been learaed at Montreal that
the bark "Prince of Waiaa," which left
Moose Factory, Hudson's Bay, in Au
gust last, for London, with $200,000
worth of fars on board, was forced by
icefloes on to a small, uninhabited island
off the cost of Newfoundland. The
crew deserted their vessel and lived on
the island as best as they could. Two
have died. The sufferings of the
others have been extreme. They were
discovered only recently, and measures
have been taken to furnish them with
provisions, clothing and medicine.
Mr. William A. Slater, of Norwich,
Ot., the richest young man in New
England, is said to make good use of
the $1,000,000 he inherited from his
father? being very eharftabfe.
Colored Kan in Washington Whom X*w.
7fX* all Over the Country Know.
Opposite ijhe winding staircase which
isoends to the rotunda, and directly
^eneath the. supreme couri-room,_ writes
Washington correspondent tp the
tfew York $un, is the finest law library
this countryj It contains 63,000 yol
imes, and the annual additions amount
about two thousand volumes. Though
nominally part of the mi^cellan^sas
library, and under the jurisdiction of
Mr. Spofford, it has had for years
its librarian and separate accom
modations. Within the portals
jf this vast collection the profoundest
lawyers of the United States have la
boriously traced legal principles and
marshaled arrays of authorities. The
rale of silence is without breech. In
this legal reservoir there is that qui*1
which rests upon the waters in wh
iepths genuine tears alone are fc
The legal explorer meets with btr
annoyance. There is not a gas*j
tamp within the room. No empi
flare even carry a match. After
fire in 1851,
proved so disasti
statute was enacted prohibiting
tise of combustibles of any kind withi
the libraries. And thxte, when dusk
prevents the eye from longer follow
ing th6 studied text, the doors sire
clbscd •find, perhaps in the middle of a
sustained afguioent which the^ reiT1
would fain pursue to conclusion,
volume must be resigned.
The assistant law librarian, John
Francis Nicholas Wilkinson, is a col
ored gentleman. He is the oldest at
tache in either library. For twenty
eight years he has been the familiar
purveyor of the law books, and in ever"
leading office of tho larger cifie^
could find a lawyer whom he kL
No abbreviations of the law reporteii
stagger liim. He refers to no dictionary
bo discover tlie meaning of the' initials
or condensed names used, but prompt
goes to the proper alcove and unerring
ly briiig's forth the desired report,
whether it be on© of a inusty British
series, or some earlier state collection
of opinions whose editor sought to em
blazon his own name upon it rathe.
Ihan employ the modern convenience
of consecutive numbers. It is this per
fect familiarity with the library which
impresses Mr. Wilkinson upon the
visitor. The pages of the supremecourt
/ustices are momentarily coming down
with requisitions for authorities tha
may range from the ancient Breton laws,
French causes celebres, or reports of
the court de cassation to the whole do
main of American decisions. With the
precision of a Swiss bellringer, Mr. Wil
kinson draws out the required works
irom the shelves. But what is more re
markable as a feat of memorizing is tne
Accuracy of his recollection of cases.
He has no need of recourse to digests to
locate the leading cases of our jurispru
lence. The library has grown during
Mr. Wilkinson's incumbency from 15,
)00 to 63,000 volumes, bnt he has kepi
pace with it.
For six generations back Mr.
Wilkinson's ancestors have beeir
:ree. He has African, Indian &•
nrhite blood in his veins. In 1831,
when the fear of a slave insur
rection terrorized the south and the free
oiegroes were driven from Yirginia,
Wilkinson's father became a resident of
Washington, where he was caterer^to
the leading statesmen who messed^to
get-her there. The son was early placed,
in a brick-yard, and followed brick
tnaking until he was 29 years old, filling
I he winter intervals with catering and
playing in a band. In 1857 he was em
ployed as a laborer to assist in cleaning
the"general library. Congress made an
appropriation for an additional laborer,
and Wilkinson got the permanent job."
Wilkinson was soon detailed to the law
library, and there, through the grades
of laborer, messenger and assistant
librarian, he has served ever since. In
18G2 Mr. Lincoln removed John S.
Meehan, the law librarian, after thirty
one years' service, and appointed Dr.
Stevenson of Terre Haute in his place.
The new appointee discharged every
employe except the younger Meehan.
Wilkinson w:is told that it had been de
cided to employ no colored help. But
he was restored in a few months, and
the supreme court and Keverdy John
son, then on tlie library committee, re
quested that he be never removed.
A Tyranny Which Can Hardly Ever Ba
Shaken Off.
From the National Review.
lust stages
indulgence is in some sense
legitimate—is almost enforced, either
by acute pain or chronic insomnia. The
latter is perhaps the most dangerous
The pain, if it last for weeks, forces
recourse to the doctor before the habit
has become incurable. Sleeplessness is
a more persistent and to most people a
much less alarming thing and it isf
moreover one with which the doctors'"
can pol!om
donl save through the very
agents of mischief. Neuralgia, relieved
for a time by chlorof am or morphia, may
be cured by quiuine
sleeplessness ad
mits of hardly
cure but such com­
plete change of life as is rarely possible,
it least to its working victims. And
the narcotist habit once formed, neith
er pain nor sleeplessness is all that^£„
renunciation would involve. The dm
ird, it
must be
remrmbered, gets (Trunk,
is a rule, but occasionally. Save in
of dipsomania he
if not without drink, yet without intox
icating quantities of drink, for days to
gether. Tlie narcotist who attempts
to go for a whole day without his ac
customed dosesnffersin twent-fourhours
far more cruelly than the drunkard de
prived of alcohol in as many days. The
effect upon tlie stomach and other or
gans, upon the nerves as woll as on the
brain, is one of indescribable, unspeak
able discomfort amounting to torture
a disorder of the digestive system more
trying than sea-sickness, a disorganiza
tion of the nerves which, after some
hours of unspeakable misery culminates
in convulsive twitchings, in mental and
physical distress, simply indescribable
to those who have not felt it. Where
attempts have been made forcibly and
suddenly to withhold the accustomed
sedative they have not infrequently
ended in a few days in madness or
death. In other cases the victim has
songhtand obtained relief by efforts
and hardships which in his or her best
days wonld have seemed impossible *r
unendurable. One woman thus re
strained oecftped in deshabille from her
bedroom on a winter night of arctic se
verity rurior nules through the mow,
and was fortunate enough toiled chem
ist who knew' floa&ette^C ofcjfoe fear
fuleffcctof snchprirati\t w-•'*'* *Um
sense and courage to give
quantity the poison thpfc had now be
come the first
of life. In a
word, narcotics, one and all, are to
those who have onse fallen un
der their power tyrants whose
hold can hardly eve& be shaken
which punish rebellion with the rack
and with all those devices of torture
which mediaeval and ecclesiastical cruel
ty found even more tirrible than the
rack itself while the most absolute sub
mission is rewarded with sufferings only
less unendurable than the punishment
of revolt. DeQuincey's dreams under
the influence of opium were to the tor
tures of resistance what the highest cir
cle of purgatory may be to the lowest
nit of the inferno, I

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