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THE DAILY PIONEER.
EDWARD KAISER, Publisher Entered in'the- postofflce at Bemldjl, Minn as second class matter. .PUBLISHED EVERY AFTERNOON. Official County and City Paper. NOTICE O ADVERTISERS Copy Ifor changes of jadvertisements In The Daily Pioneer must reach this office by 10 o'clock a. m. in order to insure their appearance in the issue of same day. GOOD roads are not only of great commercial advantage to rural communities, but they con tribute much toward intellectual and moral development by mak ing better schools and churches possible. Countries having good roads may have districts large enough and wealthy enough to run long terms of school and en joy the very best teachers. Dis tance to school or church is not so much a matter of miles as it is a matter of condition of roads. Good roads are civilizers and evi dences of civilization in so much as they are means and measures of commercial, intel lectual moral development. Fer gus Palls Free Press. AN EDITOR commenting on the fact that Indians now buy bianos, says that the instinct of the sav age to torture cannot be eradi cated. HE DAILY PIONEER is Bf midji's best advertisement. It is more than creditable in appear ance.Hubbard County Entei prise. Barry's Trial Deferred. Grand Forks, N. D., May 24.Judge Kneeshaw is holding court at Lang don, and the matter of fixing the time and place for the second trial of Will iam Barry for the murder of Andrew Mellem is settled so far as this ses sion of court is concerned. An affi davit of prejudice was filed, and it will be necessary for the court to call in another judge. Postoffice Robbed. Sparta, Wis-., May 24The postoffice at Elroy was burglarized. The robbers secured $900 worth of stamps. No clue to the perpetrators has yet been obtained. Horse Thief Confesses. Winona, Minn., May 24. Samuel Harlson is held by the Winona police, having confessed to the theft of a team of horses from Anton Grandalin of the town of Dover, Buffalo county, on Monday. He sold the horses here. Appointed Naval Cadet. Fergus Falls, Minn., May 24.David Brown of this city has been recom mended by Congressman Steenerson for the naval cadetship at Annapolis, .and has left for that place, to take the necessary examination. Immense Cistern for Wine. In California, an immense cistern has been erected to cor tain wine. It has a capacity of 500,u00 gallons, is 104 feet long, 21 feet deep, and 34 feet wide. It is lined with concrete two feet thick, and is coated inside with a glaze as impermeable as glass. Sport as a Fine Art. If you want sport as a fine art, you must seek it in a country which is too small or too thickly peopled to let anything happen by accident, even a hen's egg.From The Yellow Van in the May Century. Bananas Better Than Beefsteak. "Weight for weight," it is claimed that bananas beat beefsteak. And, moreover, "there are cases on record where children's livc/s have been saved by keeping thein on a diet of bananas^' Zeppelin's New Invention. Count Zeppelin, who bankrupted himself with airships, haa invented an automobile launch which has its propellers in the air and shows a speed of sixteen miles an hour. Tigers Kill Many in India. Tigers did as much damage as usual in India last year, killing 943 per sons. Over 17,200 wild beasts were destroyed, for which bounties were paid of 104.000 rupees. Walking as a Mortification. "In London during Lent the hansom cab trade is always bad." was a state ment made recenti in Lambeth coun ty court. "People mortify themselves by walking." Shipbuilding In United States. The United States built last year 1,675 -vessels, ninety-four of which were of more than 1,000 tons burden. Forty one of these were for inland naviga tion. Life Insurance in Japan. Japan's government report shows that insurance policies aggregating 199,083,939 are carried by Japanese. "Faithful" Service Rewarded.' The late Judge 3myth, so much bet ter known is "the Recorder," used to have a reminiscence of another law yer who now enjoys much distinction at the bar and for a time rejoiced In judicial honors, but who was at the time the managing clerk of a law of fice on the same corridor with that of the future recorder. "I met him in the. haa one day," said the old judge, "and he was evi dently very much agitated. I inquired the nature of his trouble. Almost weeping, he answered: 'I have been discharged, discharged without a word of explanation, after five years of faithful* service. It is very hard.' And then he quite gave way, and added, in iears: 'And you know, Mr. Smyth you know what affidavits I have aiade for that man.' Mr. Brown's Wild Ride on Shove* C. Henry Brown, 00 years oId, of Heitt, Ohio, was persuaded by friends to go coasting. The o\d man procured a scoop shovel and said he preferred to ride on that instead of a sled. He started down a steep incline and rode for half a mile. When the bottom of the hill was reached Brown ran into a stone wall. He was rendered uncon .cious and lay in the snow for six hours. He was finally picked up and taken to his home, where he is in a critical condition^ The track Brown rode on is almost straight up and down, and composed of solid ice. She Wanted a Change. The latest argument against sky scrapers comes from the kitchen. A cook in a West Side top-floor flat gave warning the other day. "Shure an' it's no intertainmint I have," was her an swer when asked her reason for leav ing. "It's too high fur me to see any thing of hat's goin' on in the street iown below. If," magnanimously, "yez .will._ta.ke a ground-floor flat some wheres I'd stay wid yez. Then could" look out* the winder and see what's goin* on an' 'twould be more inter tainin' fur me."New York Evening Sun. Gave Them a Rest. "I don't see," she complained, "why they always set me alongside of some awfully wise professor or philosopher or writer or something of that kind whenever I'm invited out to dinner." "I suppose," her friend answered, that they do It for the benefit of the great men they set you next to. Most men who are engaged in intellectual pursuits like to relax at such affairs and not have to talk ssnse, you know." Dense Area Lightly Populated. Although the population of the Chi nese empire is about 425,000,000, yet the enormous areas of Manchuria, Mongolia, Tibet and Chinese Turkes tan have between them only 13,500,000 of inhabitants. Think Court House Too Costly. Cuyahoga county, Ohio, is to build a court house in Cleveland. The plans proposed look to an expenditure of $7,000,000 but the county commis sioners are busily at work cutting down the estimates, and already have lopped off $1,000,000. They are trying to cut out $3,000,000 more. 6 Growth of Cotton Manufacture. A few years ago the United States exported all its cotton. Last year, out of a total crop of nine million bales, it kept for home manufacture over four million of which Northern mills arc using 2,2OO,C00. Would Bind France and Canada. Steps were taken recently toward forming in Paris a Canadian chamber of commerce to extend commercial relations between France and Canada. To Give Time to Steamers. It is proposed to distribute Green wich time to vessels on the Atlantic and Mediterranean and to European cities by wireless telegraphy. Gas From Peat Not New. At the Motala steelworks in Sweden gas made from peat has been em ployed as fuel for more than twenty years past. Model Building for Workmen. Krupp's works at Essen are remark able for their mo ^1 buildings for workmen. Herr Krupp owned 5,469 of these, each with a small garden. The Cost of Human Life. A Gorman mathematician estimates that the average men who lives to be seventy years old consumes $10,000 worth of food in his life. Impress Lifeboat Rule on All. Every tramcar in Belfast has printed in large letters just over the step at each end of the car: "The lifeboat rule is women and children first." Shark Fishing Is Profitable. From January to August a fleet ot fishing vessels is engaged in catching sharks off Iceland. A shark's liver yields as much as five gallons of oil. St. Petersburg's Winter Temperature. The mean winter temperature of St. Petersburg is 14 degrees or 18 degrees of frost. The Neva is usually frozen from October to April. Shortest Book in the Bible. The shortest book in the Bible is Obadiah, which has only one chapter of twenty-one verses. German Railroad Travel. Almost half of all railway travel in Germany is third-class. More passen gers use fourth-class than second, and less than one in twenty rides first class- IS BUT A SAMPLE KISHINEFF MASSACRE IS ONLY HE BEGINNING OF A GEN- ERAL SLAUGHTER. TRY TO TtRRORIZE THE JEWS ANTI-SEMITES RESORT TO EVERY CONCEIVABLE MEANS TO DRIVE THEM OUT. REELING IS WIDELY PREVAL NT JEWS DESERT BUSINESS AND HOMES" FOR FEAR OF MASSACRE. London, May 24. Letters have reached the publishers of the Rou manian Bulletin in this city which confirm last night's dispatch from Odessa that the Jewish population on both sides of the Roumanian-Russian frontier in the region of Bessarabia is deserting its business and homes from fear of a general massacre. Apparently the anti-Semites are re sorting to every conceivable means to terrorize the Jews, freely proclaiming that the Kishineff massacre is a sam ple of the treatment in store for all members of the race if they do not immediately quit the country. Inflammatory handbills are being strewn about the cities declaring that the Jews have invaded the land like locustSf*not only sapping the economic life of the Christians, but also commit ting ritualistic Murders on Every Hand, with Christian babes as victims. These manifestoes declare that the time for legal measures against the invaders is gone, and adjure the people to use more effective weapons. Meanwhile the Roumanian govern ment, it is alleged, is persevering in the attempt to create economic dis criminations against Jews such as will leave them absolutely unable to find profitable employment either for their time or money from one end of the kingdom to the otn.er The letters received by the Bulletin agree in the opinion that the anti Semitic agitation both in Bessarabia and Rouroania does .not spring from the rank and file of the citizens, but is due to the initiative of professional agitators. However, it is said that the spirit of discontent so widely preva lent makes the masses plastic ma terial for the formation of mob rule. CRANKS ARE NUMEROUS. to They Send Threatening Letters Cassini and Hay. Washington, May 24.Crank letters arc now appearing in the mail of the Russian ambassador. Count Cassini. They criticise his 'Utterances and at tack his arguments concerning the character of the Russian Jews. Secre tary Hay is also getting his share of such communications. These letters, however, give no serious concern to either the secretary of the ambassa dor. In fact, owing to the watchful npss of private secretaries, some of the letters do not even reach the per sons to whom they are addressed. STRIKES DENOUNCED. Switchmen Eelicve in Them Only as a Last Resort. Indianapolis, May 24. At yester day's session of the switchmen's unjpn it was decided to reduce the number of vice grand masters from five to three and to divide the country into three districts, each district to be in charge of a district organizer. One of the most warmly applauded resolu tions adopted condemned sympathetic strikes and embodied the expressions that the organization believes in strikes only as a last resort. WOMEN IN A RIOT. Italians Attack a Gang of Workmen in New York. New York, May 24. One hundred striking Italians, with their wives, yesterday attacked a gang of men at work in a trench on Second avenue. There lad beeh no strdke at this point and no Italians had been employed in the work. When the only policeman at the scene tried to disperse the crowd he was roughly handled. TTie reservos were called out and four men and two women were arrested. Marroquin Has Not Resigned. Washington. May 24.On' the 12th inst. the state department cabled United States Minister Beaupre at Bo gota an inquiry as to the accuracy of the report that President Marroquin had resigned. The answer came in the following terms: "Bogota, May 16.President has not resigned. Beaupre." Four Men Buried. New Haven. Conn., May 24. The collapse of a bulkhead on a coal scow buried four shovelers under an ava lanche of coal. One man was killed and three were injured, one of them fatally, it is believed. Aid for Russian Jews. Iron Mountain, Mich., May 24. Leading Jewish citizens of this city have effected an organization to solicit subscriptions for the suffering Jews at Kishineff. It is expected that $1,000 I can be raised. Jade Found in Oregon. "'Jade, toe saCred" and fare stone used by the" Chinese in making brace lets, rings, vases, etc., has been found recently in large quantities in the state of Oregon," said S. T. Taliaferro of Portland to a Star man at the Ar lington this morning. "The discov ery is considered quite an important one from a mineral as well as a com* mercial standpoint. This find is said by geologists to be the first of the kind in the United States. The Ore* gon jade i3 tough and compact and varies in color from a pure white to a dark green. The bulk of the supply heretofore used has come from Turke stan, but some little La's been found in New Zealand and in the islands of the Pacific."Washington Star. Did Not Mean Disapproval. In an Iowa law court an attorney was arguing with great earnestness and eloquence. In the midst of his argument he paused a moment, ac cording to the Green Bag, and said: "I see your honor shakes his head at that statement. I desire to reaffirm it, although your honor dissents." "I have not intimated," replied the judge, "how I should construe the evidence of what my decision will be in the case, and your remark is uncalled for." "You shook your head." "That may be true," the court replied. "There was a fly on my ear, and I reserved the right to remove it in any manner I saw fit Proceed with your argument." Finest Private Picture Gallery. The Duke of Portland's picture-gal lery is 236 feet long, and covers more than a quarter of an acre. It is the finest private gallery in the world. WorToT's Smallest "University. The university at Foura Bay, Sierra Leone, is said to be. the smallest in the world. It has five piofessors, but less than twenty students. Motor Cars of Paris. There are now 8,000 motor cars registered in Paris and its suburbs. Of these 3,800 have a registered speed of 20 miles an hour or more. The World's Healthiest Spot. The healthiest spot in the world appears to be the small village of Aumone, in France. Of its forty in habitants, twenty-five are over 80 years of age. Immense Area Planted to Corn. The land devoted to corn in the United States exceeds in area the whole of the British isles, together with Holland and Belgium. Germany's Immense Military Force. Germany at present possesses eight million men who have been through the ranks or are at present in her army. High Prices for Opera Seats. Seats are dearer at the Paris opera house than in any other European capital, in spite of the fact that the state gives the buildingvjent free and an annual subvention of 32,000. Criminals Are Increasing. In 1850 there was one criminal to every 3,442 of the population the proportion is now greater than one to 700. One of the World's Largest Islands. Baffin Land is now known to be an island, and one of the largest in the world, having an area of 800,000 square miles. Centenarian in New South Wales. The last census of New South Wales shows sixteen centenarians, one being 113 years old, arid four of 104 years or over. How the Census Was Taken. The last census in the United States was taken with the aid of 311 tabu lating machines, and 74 adding ma chines. Ivy of Value to a House. Ivy growing on a house, so far from making the house damp, as is usually supposed, actually extracts all mois ture from the walls. Length of Woman's Hair. A painstaking person estimates that the average head of hair r-orn by a woman, if placed end to end, would measure fifty miles in length. Equators of Mars and the Earth. The equator of Mars is inclined to the plane of its orbit about 25 degrees. That of the earth is inclined 23 de grees, 24 minutes. Blackbird Strangely Marked. Near Tiverton, Devonshire, England, there is to be seen a blackbird with a white head and a speckled back. How Sound Travels. In dry air sound travels 1,442 feet a second. In water 4,900 feet and through iron 17,500 feet. Dues Paid to the Sea. One thousand twenty-five British seamen lost their lives during 1901, but only twelve passengers by British ships. Slaughter of Game in England. About thirty million hares and rab bits are killed yearly in the British isles, and nearly a million partridges and pheasants. Good Excuse. If the spirit of Henry Ward Beech er is thinking about small change, those who are in the flesh may be pardoned for worrying about the rent Sioux City Tribune. Cheap Newspaper Postage. Newspapers travel by post in India for an eighth of a penny, up to 1*4 ounces in weight. :yVyVVJVtVTyyV i First Class Sample Room. Peterson & Hoff, Painters and Decorators. House Painting, Paper Hanging, Graining, Decorating, Etc., Etc. MODERATE PRICES. PAINTS, OILSIAND WALL PAPER. V^fVV'yV 1 MAC'S MINT [Geo. MeTaggart, Prop. Choice Wines, Liquors and Cigars. Beltrami Avenue. Bemidji, Minn. Buy a Lot In the New Townsite of LOCATE O N MALLARD LAKE, BELTRAMI CO. F. 0. SIBLEY Proprietor SOLWAY, MINN. EP gTFVVVVV 1 'Ayn JONE S.. THE AWNING HAN. Tents of all -kinds and Descriptions for sale or rent. Hunt Equip- jj ments, Flags, Camp Furniture, etc. kinds of Canvas Goods. Estimates free on application. ]_ C, JONES TEL. 20. Office 311 Bemidji Avenue. 1 Choicest Brands. .J For Snappv, Up-to-date Work, Call on BEMIDJI DECORATING COMPNT All of the Old Ideas that are good as well as the Latest Methods of wo: k. Phont No. 17. Bemidji, iMinn.