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THE DAILY PIONEER.
EDWARD KAISER, Publisher Entered in the postoflice at Bemidji. Minn., as second class matter. PUBLISHED EVERY AFTERNOON. Official County and City Paper. N0T1QE TO ADVERTISERS Copy for changes of advertisements in The Daily Pioneer must reach this office by 10 o'clock a. m. in-order to insure their appearance in the issue of same day. TATE suicide of Roland C. Bow man at Minneapolis Saturday was a shock to the whole north west. Bowman, the cartoonist, whose fame is national, com mitted suicide at his residence in Minneapolis from the effects of gas poisoning self admin istered on Friday. During his short career on the Minneapolis Tribune he has gained a reputa tion second to none, and his rash act is attributed to overwork. Mr. Bowman was only thirty-two years old, and leaves a wife and two children. HE BEMIDJI PIONEER has branched out as a daily, Vol. 1, Fo. 30, having just come to hand. This indicates that the hustling little lumbering city is putting on metropolitan airs of late, and the fraternity will extend Bro. Kaiser its best wishes for success in his new daily paper.Hinckley En terprise. HE GAZETTE is in receipt of the Bemidji Daily Pioneer, a re cent entry into the daily field in that thriving city of the pines. Well edited and running over with advertising, it ought to serve as an eye opener to the vast re sources of northern Minnesota. Wilkin County Gazette. IN NEW YORK the other day a gathering of the knights of the green cloth bolted when an ocean liner reached the wharf. It ap pears there was nothing doing. It is asked: "Why should they operate on salt water when there is plenty of land?" HE man who, even in a small way, adds to the volume of local business by patronizing home in stitutions, is a builder of the town or city in which he has his home.Fargo Gall. UNCLE SAM'S new gun is a dandy. Every time the trigger is pulled it sends forth twenty five projectiles. It is claimed it will be barred when* deer season opens. Log Rolling Contest. Ed Roach and Black George gave another log rolling contest on Lake Bemidji last night. The men were in tine form and put up an excellent contest. George succeeded in getting Roach into the drink three times, while Roach threw his man in twice. The contest was witnessed by a large crowd of spectators, and had it not been for Roach sprain ing his ankle it would have been much better. As it was both men were game1, and the crowd enjoyed the contest. Work Started on Diamond Point. Ed Gallagher took a crew of men to Diamond Point to start the work of clearing the grove and laying out the grounds. The famous point will be the finest resort for the summer visitor in the state of Minnesota when the work is completed. The owner has several extensive improve ments in view, which will greatly add to the natural beauty of the place. Small Blaze. The fire department was called out this morning at 11:30 to put out a fire in a shanty in the north western part of the city, but the flames were extinguished before the department arrived. Mr. Thome's little boy fell in the way of Thomas Smart's team on their way to the fire and narrowly escaped serious injury.' COMMENCEMENT Exercises at the Opera House Fri day Night Well Car ried Out. The commencement exercises held at the opera house1 on Fri- day night were a success. The salutatory, "Death Bed of Bene dict Arnold," showed careful preparation and was well deliv ered. The oration, "A Modern Hero," by C. Lee Heffron, and the valedictory, "Joanne D'Arc," by Miss Gussie Heffron, were well received by the audience and both speaker's'showed much nat ural talent. L. H. Bailey addressed the class, speaking on the advantages of an education and the growth of our schools here. He dwelt at some length on the future of the coming generation. His address was pithy and to the point and was well received by the audi ence. The quartet rendered some selections and were heart ily applauded. This is Bemidji's first com mencement and the different speakers of the evening acquitted themselves well. The Pioneer extends the glad hand to the class of 03 and wishes them every suc- cess through life. THE WAYS OF ROOSTERS. Philosopher Asserts They Do Too Much Crowing. "I've heard a good deal in my time about the foolishness of hens, but when it comes to right-down, plum foolishness, give me a rooster, every time. He's always strutting and stretching and crowing and bragging about things with which he had noth ing to do. When the sun rises, you'd think that he was making all the light, instead of all the noise wheD the farmer's wife throws the scraps in the henyard, he crows as if he was the provider for the whole farmyard and was asking a blessing on the food when he meets another rooster, he crows and when the other rooster licks him, he crows and so he keeps it up straight through the day. He even wakes up durir.g the night and crows a little on general principles. But when you hear from a hen, she's laid an egg, and she Jon't make a great deal of noise about it, either" From "Letters from a Self-Mace Merchant to His Son," by George Horace Lorimer. By permission of Small, Maynard &x Co., publishers, Boston, Mass. Wealth of Leading Countries. The total wealth of Great Britain Is 11,800,000,000 of the United States of America, 16,200,000,000 of France, 9,600,000,000 of Germany, 8,000,000,000, and of Russia 6,400,- 000,000. Scots on the Sun. During the year 1901 twelve groups of spots were noticed on the sun's surface. There were in all 392 sep arate spots, and only on sixty days were there no spots visible. Sweden Has Arjcient Vessel. Sweden has the oldest vessel in Europeperhaps in the worldin the chooner Emanuel, built in 1749. She was first a privateer, and is now in th* timber trade. Grave of Pioneer Located. The long neglected grave of Senator William Cocke., one of the most nota ble figures in the pioneer history of the South, has been located at Colum bus, Miss. Meteors Common in Mexico. More meteors have been found in Mexico than in any other country. The ten largest known Mexican me teors have an average weight of 9 1-10 tons. INDIANS SELL THEIR LANDS. Many of the* Tribes Are Rapidly Dis posing of Their Possessions. Those Indians who are allowed le-1 "ally to sell their lands are rapidly doing so. Last year members of the Pottawatomie, Shawnee, Peoria, Mia mi, Wyandotte and Chippewa tribes have made 305 conveyances, aggregat ing 30,000 acres, for $204,000. The Fort Berthold Indians have ceded 208,000 acres for $260,000. to be paid in stock, cattle and agricultural implements, after setting aside $50,000 for a poor fund and paying out $54,000 per capita. The Rosebud Sioux have ^eded 416,000 acres in Gregory county, South Dakota. The Red Lake Indians in Minnesota have ceded 256,152 acres for $1,000,000. The Devil's Lake Indians in North Dakota have ceded 104,000 acres at about $3.30 per acre, to be paid in cash, $145,000 down and the balance in ten annual payments of $20,000 each. Electric Plow Not New. So long ago as 1879, a field at Ser maize, in France, was plowed by an electrically-driven plow. Coldest Hour of the Day. Year in and year out the coldest hour of the twenty-four is five o'clock in the morning. An Embarrassing Situation. What a situation that must have been at a recent reception in London, where a lady appeared in a gorgeous gown looted from the imperial palace at Pekin, and later in the evening found herself face to face with the Chinese ambassador! It may be de scribed as "curdling." The ambassa dor, for a moment, apparently thought some lady of the royal family of China had suddenly appeared in a London drawing room, fcr the material of the g*w had never been worn by any but Chinese royalty. He couldn't conceal his agitation in meeting an English lady thus arrayed, but she fortunately had the tact to leave the reception, and thus somewhat relieve ihe embar rassment, but the incident, it Is re ported, will pot soon be forgotten by those who witnessed it. One cannot envy or pity a woman who would wear a looted gown, transformed though it might be by the fashionable dress maker. Complied With the Law. M. Baron, the French actor, recently accepted a railroad pass, and as the French law requires that all such bil lets shall have a picture of the holder upon it Mr. Baron had himself photo graphed as Mephistopheles. In this character he is better known than as a private individual, and both the rail way and the government officials are content to regard the law as fully complied with. NEWS IN BRIEF. Overflow From the Wires in a Con densed Form. Gen. Maya Rodriguez, a very distin guished officer of both the Cuban revo lutions, died at Havana. Zemro A. Smith, for the last thirteen years associate editor of the Indianap olis Journal, is dead. He was sixty five years old. H. A. Losier, sixty-six years old, died of heart disease in the Waldorf-As toria hotel in New York. Mr. Losier was president of the Boulay Spectacu 3ar Art company. Edward Coer Dubois, formerly an engineer of railways in Michigan, died at Lima, Peru. He had been a resi dent of Peru for thirty-two years and was much respected. Patterson Stewart, one of the best known horsemen in the United States, and who in years past had owned some of the fastest horses in the country, died at his home in Kansas City of par alysis. BEASTS BORN IN CAPTIVITY. Those That First See the Light in Bristol, England, Are the Best. The birth of a litter of lions' at Haslemere Park, a private menagerie In England, leads one of the English papers to note a fact that Ijas for long puzzled biologists, and that is notori ous among those who interest them selves in the study of wild beasts in captivity, this being that nearly all the lion, tiger and leopard cubs born in that country have a cleft palate, which prevents them from being properly suckled, and usually leads to their premature death. But, beyond this, a more astonishing fact stilland one that also greatly puzzles biologistsis that which determines that of all the wild animals born in England those born in Bristol are regarded as the finest and as the most likely to live. So well known is this to professional showmen and ^menagerie keepers that "Bristol born" is a recognized bracd in riie wild animal trade Took Pcson Together. Connersviile. Ind., May 19. Miss Clara Sherwccd, daughter of a saloon ist, was yesterday found in a grove near here suffering from the effects of carbolic acid. She told where the body of Van Moore could be found, and it is supposed that they took poi son together. Moore was a married man. Lightning Strikes a Church. Rockton, 111., May 19. Lightning struck the Methodist church while aervices were in progress and three persons were seriously burned. Their clothing was literally torn off. The church was not much damaged. Home From the Philippines. Fort Meade, S. D.. May 19. The first squadron of the Sixth cavalry, consisting of headquarters, band and two troops, are now here from the Philippines. Col. Smith is in com mand. A Slight Misunderstanding. A young man whose gallantry was largely in excess of his pecuniary means sought to remedy this defect and to save the money required for the purchase of expensive flowers by arranging with a gardener to let him have a bouquet from time to time in return for his cast-off clothes. So it happened that one day he received a bunch of the most beautiful roses, v.bich he at once dispatched to his lady love. In sure anticipation of a friendly welcome, he called at the hcjse of the young woman the same evening, and was not a little surprised at a frosty reception. After a pause the young woman re marked in the most frigid tones: "You Bent me a nuU to-d^w" "A noto-r-I?" "Certainly, along with the flowers." "To be sure, I sent you flowers but "And this note was with the bou quet. Do you mean to deny it?" And the young man read: "Don't forget the old trousers you promised ui the other day." Good Pineapple Crop In Cuba. Cuba is exporting 200,000 barrels of pineapples this yearin all, some fourteen millions of the fruit. ART IN SKIRT LIFTING. French Girl Excels American In This Matter. "Inherent grace is no greater In French girls than In *morionn jjirls," said Mine, fiaker at the natioua' con vention of dressmakers. "But in the dainty art of carrying their skirts In their hands while taking the air of the boulevards, French girls we In comparably superior to their Ameri can cousins. The secret is that the French maid's petticoat is made to clear the ground, while the Ameri can's drop skirt is as long as the outer garment. The American must lift both skirts to prevent their trail ing in tfce dirt of the streets. She grasps a great bundle of unwieldy, cloth, so heavy and clumsy ^th'at almost invariably she pulls it around in a way that plays havoc with the effectiveness of her gown. The French demoiselle has only the outer skirt to care for, and she has no need uf muscle to lift with fairy grace the fabric.Chicago Record-Herald. BOLOED BY PRISONERS. Capt. Ciough Overton Makes a Fatal Mistake. Manila, May 19.Capt. Ciough Over ton of the Fifteenth cavalry and Pri vate Harry Noyes, who were killed May 15 at Sudatlai, Mindanao, met their death at the hands of insurgent prisoners whom they were guarding Their companion in this duty, Private Hartlow, was wounded at the same time. Capt. Overton's troop of the Fifteenth had been scouting in the department of Misamis, Mindanao, on the trail of the insurgent leader, Flores. The .cavalrymen captured fifty of Flores' followers and confined them in a house. Capt. Overton and three men remained to guard the pris oners while Lieut. Cameron continued in pursuit of Flores. The prisoners suddenly broke out of the house where they were confined, secured their boles and rushed the four Americans on guard. Capt. Overton was slashed with a bolo and bled to death. After escaping the insurgents gathered and renewed the attack on the Americans. Capt. Overton is criticised for having kept three men only on guird and for having neglected to destroy the .in- surgents' bolos. The Art of the Palmist. The girl who was the picture of health came out of the palmist's booth with a startled expression on her face. "Do you know," she said to a bevy of girl friends"do you know, that palmist told me I was in perfect health. Now. you know, I'm never ill but how could he tell that from looking at my hand?" And her fiiends murmured, "How wonderful!" Spread of Irrigation Works. The government is to begin the con* struction of irrigation works in five localities. The Sweetwater dam, Wy oming Mill river, Montana the Gun nison" tunnel, Colorado Truckee, New, and Salt river, Arizona. The cost of the five plants is estimated at $7,000,- 000 and they are expected to furnish water for 60,000 acres. Two Masters. In the primary class of a certain Sunday school the lesson was being reviewed by a visitor. When she finally asked for the Golden Text, a little boy on the back row eagerly raised his hand and proudly repeated: "We cannot serve God and women."- Little Chronicle. Monster Cake a Feature. At the ninety-ninth birthday cele bration of the Bible Society at the Guildhall, London, a few da/ ago the cake weighed ninety-nine pounds. The cake is an institution among the juvenile collectors, and a pound is added to its weight every year. uonectrng u"ta or "Temperatures. The British weather service Is col lecting report?- from the North Atlan tic and Mediterranean of the tempera tures observed by shipping masters. The data thus collected are to be worked up in charts. This will show, among other things, the extent of the gulf stream. Bad Proofreading. Is there such a thing as literary perfection? Dr. Henry Van Dyke an nounces that he has found five gram matical errors in the original West minster confession, "including a split infinitive and a singular verb to a plural subject." Regret Action of United States. Dr. W. E. Inksetter, a prominent citizen of Costa Rica, says Costa Ric ans consider the rejection by the United States of the Nicaraguan route one of the greatest misfortunes that ever befell their country. But He Won't Do It. Johnny's mother had been anxious to instill into the miud of her youth ful son the necessity of reading at least a few verses from the Bible each day. She is anxious that her son shoulc have a knowledge of the Bible as well as other books in fact, she thinks a reading of the great book the best means of gaining a good understanding of English and history. The little fellow has been adding a verse through the Psalms, Proverbs and those books as he ad vances in reading. The other even ing he was reading in a particularly deliberate style when he came upon the passage, "Keep thy tongue from evil and thy lips from guile." "Keep thytonguefromevilandthy lipsfromgirls," he drawled out. HACKS DRAW FIRE APPARATUS. Town Authorities of Salina, Kan., Evolve Good Scheme. A Ke-ituck an, who recently visited Salina, Kan., writes to a Kentucky pa per as follows: "1 wish to tell you of something I saw in Kansas. As I sat in the hotel in Salina the fire bells rang. In a second three rubber-tired hacks standing in front of the hotel started. Before I could ask I saw three hose carts hitched to the axles of the hacks, abcut one dozen firemen comfortably seated in the hacks, and under whip the procession disappeared at full speed." Not being able to maintain a team o? horses at the fire station the town resorted to the ex pedient of offering a good price for the first team that shall arrive and hitch to the hose cart. The "hacks, being on constant duty, often vie with one another for the prize, and the general result in point of quick service is not so much behind the city system as some might suppose.Kansas City (Mo.) Journal. PARIS BANTING IN NEW WAY. To'Eat Cold Food Only the Latest Plan of Reducing One's Weight. The new Parisian cure for too much flesh is to take all food, or nearly all, cold. The early breakfast of toast and eggs is eaten cold, and the food Is -washed down with cold coffee or milk. At luncheon there is nothing but cold meatb and cold puddings, with bread, cheese and salads. At night the meal consists of only mayonnaise of fish, cold entrees and entremets no hot vegetables, but perhaps, as a bonne bouche, a hot cutlet, lean, of course Many people in Paris who are in clined to be stout, especially among the women, are assiduously following the new cure, and most of those who tried it assert that they have ob tained satisfactory resi.Us. Many Tons of Ore Mined. Never during the winter has so jtalich ore been mined and hoisted to surface at lake iron mines as this sea son, in the region about Duluth, Minn Stock piles have been as large as now, but the ore on ground was an accumu lation which several seasons of poor demand had helped to make. Last fall there was very little on surface, as shipments had about cleared up the stocks of the previous year's work. Now this newly mined ore is ready by the millions of tons for the opening of lake navigation. Composition of Gas Mantles. The composition used in gaslight mantles is 99 per cent thoria and 1 per cent ceria. The foundation of the Welsbach mantles is cotton fiber, but the Lehner fabric, composed of artificial, silk, made from collodion, gives a more brilliant light and a far longer life, but such mantles are nat urally more expensive. The experi ence of Buhlman of Berlin with man tles made of-rami fiber have given most encouraging results. A Dramatic Reprieve. On the stage it happens that the hero is reprieved at the eleventh hour when on the scaffold, and there are canes recorded in r.istory. Few, how ever, have been so close to death as Joe Campbell, a negro, who had been condemned to death for murder at Yazoo City, Mo. The negro had the halter about his neck and the trap door was ready to be sprung open. Campbell then turned to the sheriff and confessed the name of his accom plice. He was instantly reprieved. Copper on Lake Superior. The richest copper region is that of Lake Superior, the copper being all in the native state. In a Minnesota mine one mass taken out was forty-five feet in length, twenty-two feet at the great est width and thickets part was more than eight feet. It weighed about 420 tons and was over 90 per cent copper. For Those With Stomach Habit. A Philadelphia. baker is authority for the assertion that the latest fad of dyspeptics is bread made with sea water, instead of fresh water. "It haj a saltier taste," he says, "than we are accustomed to, but it is very palatable. In fact, he who likes salty things is apt to like it better than the other kind of bread. A physician asked me about three months ago to make some of this bread for his patients. At first I made six loaves a day, but now I make thirty. My sea water comes up to me from Atlantic City three times a week. The dys peptics who buy the bread say it is the only kind they can eat fresh without discomfort." To Protect Czar and Emperor. It is said that when the czar of Rus sia and the German emperor visit Rome they will be guarded by 1,200 detectives, who will masquerade as pilgrims, peasants, priests, nuns and other characters abounding in Rome and will lodge in all sorts of hotels, high-priced and low inns, in cloisters, private rooms and even houses of ill repute. CRUELLY MANGLED. Engineer of Electric Light Plant Is Caught by One of the Large Belts. Brainerd, Minn.. May 23.Nicholas Heller, engineer at the Brainerd elec tric light plant met with an accident which may result in death. He was caught in a large,belt and one arm was almost pulled out of its socket. One leg was broken and he sustained other serious internal injuries. He is one of the oldest employes of the plant and well known in Brainerd, haying lived here many year*. SAWMILLS CLOSED. Owners Refuse to Submit to Demand for Increase of Wages. Ashland, Wis., May 30.The setters and carriage riders of all the nine Ash land sawmills quit work yesterday morning and all mills are closed. The men notified the mill owners last Mon day that they demanded an increase of 50 cents per day for setters and 25 cents for carriage riders, giving the nwreus until yesterday to consider their demands. The owners met last night and decided that they would shut down rather than to grant the in ciease. and all the mills shut down. VALUE OF A HORSE TRADER. For Killing One the Penalty Is Three Months in Jail. Des Moines, Iowa, May 30The pen alty for killing an itinerant horse trader in Des Moines is only three months in jail. This was fixed at the conclusion of the trial of Ed Plunkett for killing Alex Euchre. The two got into a quarrel about six weeks ago and Euchre wi.s killed by a blow on the head. Plunkett was found guilty of assault to commit great bodily injury ant5 Judge Given sentenced him to t-:rce ?TjC"*fc3 *rc the nenitentiarv. School Children of the World. The ratio of school children to pop ulation is 17 in 100 in England, 19 in the 100 in the United States and 3 per 100 In Russia. The New Chinese Minister. Rev. William E. Griffis corrects a published statement that Sir Chen tung Liang Cheng, the new Chinese minister, is, a graduate of Yale. He merely studied there, being one of 120 students brought to this country by Yung Wing. The minister ex plains that the first part of his name, Chentung, corresponds to the Ameri can John. The middle part, his fam ily name, is pronounced Leeang. His title, about which there has been a good deal of talk, was bestowed by the British government after the au thorities of his own country had con sented that he acce"* it. Subscribe for The Daily Pi oneer. PfliHTiHa. Decorating Floor Finishing. Granite Floor Finish WALL PAPER and PAINTS w. c. JojiES TELEPHONE 20 Office Opp. City Boat House, W Livery Stable A. M. BAGLEY .SUCCESSOR TO J. J. JINKINSON New Carriages and Good Horses New and Second Hand Carriages For Sale I BEMIDJI MINN. I LAAAAA/ Jay Reynolds Attorney-at-Law. Office: Over Lumbermens Bank Pioneer Shoe Shop Rudolph Bohm, Prop. "Repairing Neatly and Promptly Done Peterson & Hoff, Painters and Decorators. House Painting, Paper Hanging, Graining. Decorating, Etc., Etc. MODERATE PRICES. PAINTS, OILS AND WALL PAPER.