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THE DAILY PIONEER.
EDWARD KAISER. Publisher Entered in ttie postofhVe at Bemidji, Minn., as second class matter. PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY. Official County and City Paper. NOTICE TO ADVERTISERS Copy for changes of aJvsrtisements in The Dally Pioneer must reicli thi&offlce by 10 o'clo:k a. m. in ordsr to Insure their appearance in the issue of same day. THE GREATEST TASK OF. ALL. James ,f. Hill intimates that his big Pacific steamers, the largest freight carriers in the world, are going to give the outer world a taste of that cheapness of trans portation which his made the great lakes waterway the marvel of the internal commerce of the United States. He believes that this new era of transportation on the Pacific will result in a tre mendously increased consump tion of American wheat and flour in China. He asserts now, as many timas bef ore, that the only way in which the American farmer can get more for his wheat is to enlarge his in irk it. To quote his own words: "We can never 't aw iv fr.un the practical proposition that w.1 are competition with every wheat r.-iis.H- in every cuntr the suits on the stapp.as 6f Russia, th ryots IM ln,.iinl the Argantine farmers, most of whom went fr It ily. We are in omp'tition with t!i on a i even whifflftro \V.\ willahv tys be so long as we/taaVe topsail outside of our own country: and tint oar own cpantry will ever consume our entire produce no intelligent man will believe, at least for half a century." But if-the 400,000,000 Chinamen can be induced to eat woeat there /will be a competition of markets and very likely a demand in excess of the supp'y. It will be intensely interesting to watch the working out of this pet trade theory of Mr. Hill." He is really trying to do for the wheat market what the protective tariff has done for our manufacturers, that is, give thorn a better market. No tariff can do the wheat raiser any good, because ho raises more than the nation consumes by about 200,000,000 bushels, and his surplus is proportionately larger now than it was fifty years ago. What the government has not been able to do Mr. Hill now proposes to do. This is the culminating undertaking of Mr. Hill's life. It is a vaster project than his railways, and, if success ful, will entitle him to be consid ered the foremost industrial cap tain of the age.Minneapolis Journal. W E ARE the recipient of a copy of the Bemidji Daily Pioneer, and to say we were surprised, would be putting it mildly. We sup posed Bemidji to be place of sav ages and cannibals somewhere in the woods up north, when along comes a daily paper printed in the English language. Battle Lake Review/ HE M. & I. have just issued a Une booklet telling of the beauties and elegant fisfimgHo be had along the line of their road. The book is a work of art, and W. H. Gemmel deserves much credit for his enterprise. D. K. MCPHERSON, in his Little Fork Guardian, says: "It's hard to plant potatoes and print a newspaper at the same time." The potatoes may bring better financial results than the news paper through Mac. BEMIDJI's Daily Pioneer is set ting a pace for some of the older fellows.Crookston Times. Maxim Gorky Is Wealthy. It is possible that Maxim Gorky would reply in the affirmative should anyone ask him. "Does literary work pay?" He was poor as a church mouse before he began writing, but one ^of his recent transactions was the purchase for $150,000 of a fine old estate on the banks of *he River Volga. THE NEW ARMY RIFLE. It Is Practically Certain to Be the Best in the World. The new United States army rifle Is a remarkable evolution in small arms since the old Springfield single loader had its day. Practically twelve years cover the period of the develop ment, although the experience of the Spanish and Philippine wars has nat urally made the progress more rapid since 1898 than before that time. \,hen the Krag was made the basis of I after the man's decease but the army magazir.e rifle there was more or less criticism, but it was poorly conceived. Tho Ordinance de partment has never regarded any model as necessarily a finality, but has ever been bent on improvements. Consequently modifications have been numerous and steady, and there is no reason why, with this constant appli cation of experience and ir.ventive ge .nius. .the United. .States -service n-iaga* zine rifle should net be equal to any in the world.Springfielu (Mass.) Re publican. BOY WAS TOO PREVIOUS. Came Near Causing Physician to Lose a Patient. A doctor tells a good story in con nection with a lad who until recently was in his employ. It was part of this youngster's daily duty to answer the surgery bell, and usher the pros pective patients into the consulting room. One morning there presented himself at. the surgery entrance a mechanic, wit.i whom Buttons was on speaking terms. "Hullo, Jackson!" he remarked, "what's the matter with you?" "Oh, I just want to see the doctor," replied the visitor. "Have yer brought- yer symptoms with yer?" inquired Buttons, '"cos that's the fust thing he'll a'k yer about- If yer ain't got 'em ye\I better pop back an' get 'em." "And would you believe it?" adds the doctor, "that fellow was actu ally about to act on the boy's advice when I entered tho surgery,!"Pear- son's Weekly. Take a Look at Venus. Young man, when you have finish ed your dinner to-night, go up to the rcof or out in the street or yard by your home and take a good, long look at the siar of the e\ening. She will do you much good. In the first place, the mere fact of your having thought enough to spend the time to do this will aid your mental development. In the second place you will have to lift your eyes and chin from the mire of the street about you to clean glory of Omnipotence. In the third place, you cannot look for five minutes at Venus Charity in England. Some idea of the charitable disposi tion of the British people is found in the report of the charity commission ers, just issued. The total value of in vestments held by"the official trustees a capital of 6,500,000 and upward. Differing Views on Providence. A recent traveler in Macedonia writes: "The views on Providence entertained by Turks and Jews re spectively and the extent to which be lief influences the conduct of each are well illustrated by the following anecdote: A Turk and a Jew were one day in a boat. Suddenly the weather charged and a fierce squall arose. The Jew proposed uiat they should turn back at once. The Turk was for going on. 'Fear not, my friend Allah is great,' he said, 'Allah is great,' retorted the Jew, 'but our boat Is small.'" Wrong Foot Out of Bed. About half the world puts the wrong foot out of bed in the morning. But which is the wrong foot? It is a What We're Coming To. As we have already transmitted fair ly recognizable pictures of individuals by wire we may be able, before long, to do the same thing without wires. Why not? And then for the wireless lychromotelepantophonophotoscope by which we can see everybody, hear everybody, talk to everybody, when ever and wherever we please without cost, anywhere on the surface of the globe. And then, hurrah for a short trip to Mars just to inflate our chests and show off!Magazine of Humor. The Development of Mexico. Facts in regard to the commercial annexation of Mexico are given in the National Magazine. Twenty-eight mil lions of United States capital is now invested In that country, and forty Mexican investment companies in Chi cago are sending in a million dollars a month. In the city of Monterey alone $10,000,000 was recently invest ed in one plant. The Standard Oil company has invested $18,000,000 in Mexican mines within two years, and will put in $40,000,000 more. of charitable funds at the close of i in-waiting picked up a diamond neck- last year was' 22,314,735, divided lace from the floor. A lady came for- into 22,798 separate grants. The ag gregate income from stocks, securities and annuities aggregated 646,517 in 1902. During the three-quarters end ing Dec. 31, 1901, 1,670 new charities founded by will or deed came to the i lady protested in vain, but the oddest notice of the commissioners, involving thingclaimed, wa superstition as old as the hills that 1 from the consumption by prairie dogs if the left foot touches the floor first of the tender shoots of grass, that you will have bad luck that day. I they have determined to import cats Probably many men avoid this by sleeping on the right side of the bed, so that in rising the right foot natur ally comes first in contact with the floor. It is said to be a fact that most people lie on their right side because of the prevalent notion that the heart has freer action.-^New York Press. HE-SOLD HIS HE-ADi Peculiar Condition In Which Wealthy Russian Finds Himself. A curious story comes from Russia about a man who sold his head. About the year 1865 th^re lived a man at Keff with an enc-mous head. A Rus sian scientist, Prof. Walker, in order to secure tho he?.d for scientific pur poses, bought it from its possessor for 600 roubles. The condition of sale Necklace Awaits an Owner. A strange story is told about a dia mond necklace wh: was found at one of the English con balls some years ago. One of the late queen's ladies- ward and claimed it. The finder, how ever, declared it was her duty to give it in to the lord chamberlain's office, as this .was the rule with regard to I anything found in the palace. The was that it should only be delivered Lsalaries. The bill met with great op when the transaction got abroad a great scandal was created. The professor, however, stuck to his bargain, and the big head applied itself to business. Fortune smiled on the latter he fell heir to a big fortune, and then he began to feel uncomfortable at the thought that the head belonged to an other. He went to the professor, offer ed him' 1,000, 1,500, even 2,000 roubles it. only "he would -give him back the absolute ownership of his 'eadpiece. But the professor heid or find for aught that is known to the contrary he is still holding out.Pearson's Weak ly. TO CURE A COLD. Uncle Allen Sparks Knew of Many Infallible Remedies. "Uncle Allen," asked the young man, "do you know anything that's good for a cold?" Mr. Allen Sparks opened his desk, took from one of the pigeonholes a large number of newspaper clippings tied with a string, and threw it over to him. "Do I know of anything that is good for a. cold?" he echoed. "My boy, I their property from confiscation, re- know of six hundred and tv.-cnty-seven fused to plead at the bar. This dread- infallible ways of curing a cold. I've ful punishment of being pressed to been collecting them for fo'ty-nine| death was, however, abolished in years. You try these, one after the i 1772. A Major Strangways, who was other, and/ if they don't do you any 1 indicted for murder, having refused good, come back and I will give you to.plead, was condemned to this sav age peine forte et dure. He died in eight minutes, &r you one hundred and sirueen more Bless me!" added Mr. Sparks with enthu siasm, you can always cure a cold if you go about it the right way." He dug up a bundle of vollow, time stained clippings out ol another pig eonhole and the visiter hastily left. Good V/ord for Mocruito. The announcement ccraes from Washington that the New Jersey mos quito js really a blessing in disguise. Not only is its bite not cancerous, but, it is asserted, this veracious in sect destroys poisonous immigrants of its genus that come from the south to threaten people with malaria, yel low fever and the like. All this may be true enough, but it is not likely I act was concluded ,-rr 1 that the long-billed New Jersey,,variety1 nedly an,d the orchestra. was instruct- or at any other planet or star without ,J will be cultivated as household pets ed to play fortissimo in order to absorbing into yourself some of the calm, silent power which wheels this universe along its unbroken track, with never a slip of the tire or jostling of the axle.New York News. until some way is devised to muzzle drown the remarks Mrs. Campbell them during their working hours. Few of us can stand the loss of blood nec essary for their salubrity.Indianap olis News. was that this necklace never and is probably still at the lord chamberiain's office. Hare as a Universal Provider. In the economy of nature the hare Is the one creature that stands be tween most of the carnivorous animals and starvation. In the northern woods where snow lies on the ground for more than half the year, and where vegetation is of slow growth, the hare serves as a machine for converting birch twigs into muscular, lean meat, and providing it in such quantities that hawks, owls, wildcats, weasels and foxes can live in comparative luxury. A pair of hares under favor able conditions produce 70,000 indi viduals in four years. Cats to Kill Prairie Dogs. The owners of an enormous sheep ranch in Montana suffer so much loss enough to exterminate the dogs. The first company of 100 cats is being re cruited at St. Paul. A facetious writer in the New York Post shows anxiety for the future of the cats, their work being accomplished. He says if they do kill the prairie dogs they will have the choice, subsequently, of starva tion, cannibalism or brigandage. A Healthy Spot. The healthfulness of a certain sum mer resort is advertised by this story. Recently a visitor began to talk to an old resident of the town in question and asked him his age, whereupon he said: "I am just, over seventy." "Well," said the visitor, "you look as if you had a good many years to live yet At what age did your father die?" "Father dead?" said the man, look ing surprised. "Father isn't dead why, he's upstairs just now putting grandfather to bed!" A Real Bargain. "In time," said the struggling artist, "that painting will be of great value. All you have to do is to tuck it away in an attic somewhere and keep it for about 200 years, by which time I will have become one of the old masters. Then you can sell it easily for $10,000. You see, I know the rules, but unfortunately I am not in a finan cial position to carry them out. So, If you want a real bargain, I'll let you have this little gem for $1.50." Judge Promptly Saw the Point in Pol itician's Advice. One of the most hospitable citizens of Sioux Falls was Judge Fuller of the Supreme Court. He was intro duced to the president's attention with the following incident of his career: The judges made a strong campaign to get the legislature to raise their position. Judge Fuller, who had no small political influence, went up to Pierre to see about it. He was met by one of the leaders of the party. "How about this thing?" said the judge. "Judge," said the other politician, gravely, "you better drop this salary business. I tell you- as a friend. You don't want it to go through. It is not in your Interest!" "Why ain't it?" "Don't you see, judge," explained the politician, "that if we put the sal aries of the judges up to the figure you want, the people will turn around and elect real lawyers to the bench." The point of the story is that the judge dropped the amendment at once.New York Sun. A REMNANT OF OLD NEWGATE. Where Savage Torture Was Inflicted in Ancient Times. The most notorious part of the whole structureand which yet re mainwas the press yard. Here it was that peine forte et dure was in flicted upon prisoners charged with felony who, wkh the view of saving The Philosopher Wondered. An Englishman used to meet the great philosopher Arthur Schoppen hauer every morning walking with his ugly poodle along the promenade in Frankfort-on-the-Main. Schoppen hauer's eccentric appearance, deeply immersed in thought, excited the Eng lishman's curiosity to such an extent that one day he could contain himself no longer, and, walking up to the philosopher, adddressed him abruptly thus: "Tell me, sir, who, in the name of fate, are you?" "Ah!" Schoppen hauer replied, "I only wish I knew that myself." KNEW WHEN TO QUIT. HIS THOUGHTS FAR AWAY. many of those who witnessed the dreadful sight threw stones at him to hasten his end. Her Equanimity Disturbed. ,On one occasion Airs. Patrick Camp bell was playing in "The Trumpet Call" at a London theater. In the middle of a strenuous scene the audi ence was horrified to see that the skirt of her dress had "come undone." It slipped until it had almost reached her knees before Mrs. Campbell noticed it. Then she grabbed and pulled back the garment, at the same time fairly hypnotizing the spectators with her blazing black eyes. The somewhat hur.- was addressing to her maid. Bear Worshipers in Japan. The queerest ind perhaps the old est people of the earth are the Ainos, the bear idolators, who are found in the Japanese islands of Kovriles, Sah kalino and chiefly in Yezo or Hon naido. They number not more than 18,000 souls in all and they are fast disappearing. Thev have the broad nose and the obiiq jyes which char acterize the Chinese and Asiatic races generally, but there the resemblance ends. The Ainos are a large and powerful people, straight as an arrow. All the Ainos declare they sprang from the Great White Dogthe bear and a princess of the south. The bear is their chief god. win S th fired i Wa Had Missed Him. a sho We ah opera-house during the third act of "Carmen" on Zelie de Lussan's opening night in San Francisco a dis appointed spectator, who considered Tennery's Don Jose about "the limit," remarked with a sigh of relief, "Thank God." Those about him, who snaied his feelings, snickered sympa thetically. But their smiles were turned to peals of laughter when Don Jose presently bobbed up serenely, and the talkative wag exclaimed trag ically: "Ye gods, her aim was bad. She missed him!" New Universal Language. "Esperanto," an artificial language made by Dr. L. Zamenhof for a uni versal language, has gained 80,000 ad herents, among them members of the French Institute, professors in conti nental universities, Count Tolstoi and W. T. Stead. Its object, as stated by a writer in Le Monde Moderne, Paris, is: "To furnish people who need to communicate with foreignerstravel ers, scientists and business menthe way to a mutual understanding with out necesity of resorting to the study of many foreign languages." The Young Critics' Idea. Friends of E. J. Couse, the artist, are laughing over a remark made by some seminary girls who attend ed an exhibition where his picture, "The Peace Pipe," took the Hallgar ten prize. "I like that Couse canvas better than anything I've looked at," said one, "and I want mamma to come and see it." "Which one was that?" her friend inquired. "Oh! That Peace-Pipe Dream," was the re ply. Unfortunate "Ereak" Made by Pillar of the Church. Mr. Goodman, who is an elder in one of the South Side churcnes, says a Chicago paper, attended a card par ty one Tuesday evening not long ago. It was late when the company broke up, and as a consequence the elder was very sleepy at prayer meeting the next night. His efforts to keep awake, though earnest, were futile, and at last his chin went down to rest upon the bosom of his shirt. When the meeting was about over the minister called upon Mr. Good man to "lezd in prayer." A kind lady sitting next to the sleeping elder nudged him and whispered, "It is your turn to lead." Suddenly straightening up and blinking, he said in tones that could be heard all through the church, "Madam, I beg your pardon, I just dealt." THE WAY TO THE HOSPITAL. Dignified Person Knew What He Was Talking About. When two of Casey's customers got to arguing religious subjects trouble began to brew. And when a foolish person in the dignified stage of intox ication expressed his disapproval of the Roman hierarchy it was time to turn in a riot call. Juct as the dig nified person struck th.3 sidewalk and gathered himself together, a pale faced man came around the corner and asked: "Can you tell me the quickest way to get to St. Vincent's hospitai?" Straightening himself up, and re garding his interrogator fixedly, the man with the dignified jag replied: "If you are in a big hurry, just step inside that saloon and holler 'Down with the Pope.""2e York Press. Battleships Are Expensive Toys. The bursting of the big gun on the Iowa involved a deplorable sacrifice of life for which there is r.o repair. It is now declared that, the cost of put ting the steei monster again in fight ing trim will be $500,000, involving six months' stay in some ship hospital. This does net cover the whole loss. The great gun which exploded with such frightful consequences cannot be replaced without heavy additional ex penditure. The report that the .fa- mous Oregon has been so wrenched and disabled in her late tussle with a Pacific tyohoon as to make her unsea worthv affords still further proof of the costliness of the game in which battleships and cruisers are the pawns when Neptune takes a hand in the performance.Philadelphia Record. Teetotalism in Texas. When Gen. Horace Porter was In Texas he came ,/oss a man who went about telling everybody, in great surprise, that he "had struck a big thing here." "What's the, matter?" people asked. "Why," he answered, "I was sent down here by a temper ance society in Kansas to distribute these" tracts. Well, whenever I hand ed a man a tract he glanced over it, hauled out a revolver from one pocket and a quart bottle of whisky from the other and then said: 'Look here, you just have a drink of that, or my gun'll go off.' Would you believe it! 1 haven't had to pay for a drop of liquor since I came here to distribute teetotal tracts." Not Looking for Notoriety. No author of the day has been less photographed than Joseph Conrad, who has just published a book of sea stories. His publishers, when his book was about to come out, having failed to persuade him to face the camera for a new picture, hunted high and low throughout England and America for sorr sort of likeness. Finally, in the files of an old English illustrated magazine, someone stum bled upon a small oval head of him, and it is from that half-tone, enlarged and retouched, that all pictures of Conrad recently published have been made. Pierpont Morgan's Success. Pierpont Morgan, who celebrated his sixty-sixth birthday recently, achieved his greatest business suc cesses since he reached the three score mark. He first became promi nent in the financial wtJftd about twenty years ago, when he went to Europe and successfully sold $25,000,- 000 worth of New York Central stock. This made the old financiers gasp. By this piece of work Mr. Morgan won the lasting friendship of the late William H. Vanderbilt and incidentally cleared $1,000,000 for himself. Missed His Calling. An Italian has been discovered on a fruit ranch at Riverside, working for $1.50 per day, who proves to be an artist in sculpture of the highest rank, and he has been set to work completing the stucco finishing of the interior of the Carnegie library build ing. IiTa name is Luigi Ianni, and the only words in English he can use are "You bet." He is now at work on some Corinthian columns of original design that are marvels as works of art.Los Angeles Herald. Classification of Radium. Rurge and Precht, Revue Scien tifique, have classified radium by the spectroscope. The most intense lenses of the spark-spectrum or radium are rigorously analogous to the strongest lines of barium and its congeners magnesium, calcium and strontium. They place the atomic weight of ra dium at 257.8. This high atomic weight furnishes in part the explana tion of tho ease with which its ele ments split into electrons to produce radioactivity. FILARIA IS A NEW DISEASE. Responsible for the Death of M.T-.y American Soldiers. Capt. Charles Kieeffer, a United States army surgeon, says the Phil ippines are infested with mosquitoes more troublesome and dangerous from a medical point of view than those that swarm in the Jersey swamps. A strange malady known as filaria is traced directly to them, and is com mon among the American soldiers quartered on the islands. Soldiers contract the disease by drinking water from stagnant pools in which the mosquitoes have laid their eggs. The first indication of filaria ap pears in the form of a worm in the victim's thorax. This develops into elephantiasis, which causes the pa tient terrible pains, accompanied by a constant cough. The sufferer is worst at night, end the patient be comes a prey to insomnia. The only remedy lies in an opera tion, which in itself is dangerous and rarely successful. If the worm, which is a female, is injured and dies through the operation, its poison gets into the blood, the disease is increased a thousandfold and the chances of re covery are small. "JACK HARKAWAY" COMING BACK Story That Thrilled the Boys of a Gen eration Ago. For a regular thriller commend me to "Jack Harkaway." Thirty-five years ago this sensational bit of fic tion exercised a greater influence on the character of the average boy of 10 to 15 than father, mother and the Ten Commandments. It was devoured by millions on both sides of the water. "Jack" was the ideal of the youth of all English-speaking countries. I see that it has been started again for a long run in a periodical that claims 1,250,000 circulation. Bracebridge Hemyng died in 1901. He wrote not only "Jack Harkaway," but forty-odd volumes of readable fiction, yet you will look in vain for his name in "John- son's," "Appleton's," "Chambers'," the "International" and the "Standard" cyclopedias, and in the "Ridpath Li brary of University Literature." The editors of all such works seem to make it a habit to leave out just what one wants to know.New York Press. AWW ^^*V*^*V Livery Stable A. M. BAGLEY SUCCESSOR TO J. J. JINKINSON New Carriages and Good Horses New and Second Hand Carriages For Sale BEMIDJI MINN. I'VWWW Jay Reynolds Attorney-at-Law. Office: Over Lumbermens Bank Pioneer Shoe Shop Rudolph Bohm, Prop. Repairing Neatly and Promptly Done Peterson ,& Hoff, Painters and Decorators. House Painting1, Paper Hanging, Graining, Decorating, Etc., Etc. MODERATE PRICES. PAINTS, OILS AND WALL PAPER. .PfllflTIflG. Decorating Floor Finishing. Granite Floor Finish WALL PAPER and PAINTS W. G. JOJJES I TELEPHONE 20 Office Opp. City Boat House.