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THE DAILY PIONEER.
EDWARD KAISER, Publisher. Entered in the postofflce at Bemldji, Minn.. aslsecond class matter. PUBLISHED EVERY AFTERNOON. Official County and City Paper. FARMERS TO O CONSERVATIVE. Statistics show that the world's sugar crop for the manufactur ing year 1901-2 was nearly eleven million of long tons. Of this great quantity more than two thirds was made from sugar beets. If we exclude our island 'pssisBcms'TfoW'^eVeckoning^ our domestic production is con siderably less than one-twentieth of the world's crop, and less than one-fifth of what we consume. Our annual consumption" is "68 pounds per capita, a total of two and a half million tons, or one fourth of the world's supply. The United States annually imports over two million dollars worth of sugar, although this country is as well adapted to the raising of the sugar beet as any other. The last issue of the Cos mopolitan attributes the back wardness of the United States in the manufacture of sugar to the reluctance of capital and the aversion of the American farmer to adopt new ideas. The indus try has a good start now, how ever, and is rapidly growing. The objections of the farmers and capitalists have been over come, and more land is yearly being devoted to the raising of the beet and its manufacture into sugar. The old fashioned American farmer is proverbially a conserv ative fellow, clinging tenaciously to time honored traditions and methods, openly scoffing at anew field product or a novel idea. He has wasted more opportunities than he has used in the raising of particular kinds of profitable crops, and will adopt nothing new as a rule until it has been proved to be a paying success a dozen different times. Until very recent years, when the ranks of the American farm ers were recruited from the trained men of the agricultural college class rooms but a very small fraction of the experimental work with sugar beets was done by our "practical" farmers it was carried on in part by the projectors of factories, in part by state experiment stations, and in large part by the federal depart ment of agriculture. It was the same with introduc ing alfalfa into this country. Alfalfa is now called the salva tion of certain of the western states but is was only after hard and continued effort and years of experimental growing that the government prevailed upon the westerners to devote a portion of their land to the growing of this profitable plant. The American farmer is a little bit too con servative. PROVING HILL. In the ten months ending April 30,1903, theUnited States shipped to all European countries (ex- cepting Great Britain) Hour to the value of $8,871,534. In the same time we shipped to the oriental countries, includ ing Australasia, to the value of $8,581,515. The European market has been in use for a hundred years, while the oriental market is now. FENCING GOOD FOR WOMEN. Exercise That Will Impart Grace and Physical Strength. Those who have seen women /ho are expert fencers recognize thyt it Is an extremely graceful amusement. Many ladies are taking fencing les sons. Strength of leg is necessary, as well as of wrist, and much activity. But it is a most admirable exercise, improving the figure and developing the muscles, and is worthy to be made an art. It is not only physical strength that Is required for this amusement, but keenness of the eye and dexterity of the wrist, and these are quite woman ry. QuIcfcnesB or perception and ac tion are necessary. SCRAP OVER TITLE. Little Falls Business Block Seems to Have Uncertain Owners. Little Falls, Minn., .Tune 19.A suit commenced by J. C. Plynn against Foley Bros, of St. Paul involves the title to the largest business block in Little Falls, owned by Congressman Buckman and worth $50,000. Some years ago Flynn gave the Foleys a mortgage on the block to secure the payment of a loan of $15,000. Not be ing able to pay It, he gave them a deed with the understanding that if he could pay up within fourteen months the property would revert to him. He now claims that within a month after this agreement the Foleys sold the block to C. B. Buckman. Flynn sues to recover $50,000, less the amount of the mortgage and interest. SAVED BY COLLIE. Vicious Bull Nearly Makes an End of Farmer Williams. Waukesha, Wis., June 19. The as sfstance of his Scotch collie dog saved Frederick Williams, a farmer, from being killed by an enraged bull while he was crossing a field. Williams was attacked' 1)"" ll*e arnuial, :hieh, -fortu- nately had been dehorned, but which was making short work of him until his collie interfered and made such a fight that, injured as he was, Williams was able lo climb a tree. The dog kept the bull busy for several hours, but could not drive it away from the tree, where the farmer remained until^ his hired man, returning from town, found him. Three of Williams' ribs and one arm were broken. BOARD OF ENGINEERS. United States Officiais to Visit Duluth on the 29th Inst. Duluth, Minn., June 19.A board of United States engineers will be in Du luth June 29 to examine improvements to navigation that have been asked for. These include the deepening of the channel as far as Fond du Lac, the increase in deep-dredged area in the present harbor limit, the establishment of a harbor at Split ilock, on the north shore of Lake Superior, and additional improvements at Grand Marais. Proh ably several of them, the more neces sary, will be reoommended to the sec retary of war PLEADS SELF-DEFENSE. Bert Ronk Admits the ShootingDe fense Opens. Blue Earth, Minn., June 19. The Ronk trial was resumed at 2 o'clock yesterday afternoon. Some unimpor tant witnesses were on the stand. Verne Eberlein, son of the deceased, testified to finding the eighth empty rifle shell some days after also to having skinned the muskrats that were in the boat Two had been shot and the rest trapped. Attorney Andrews opened the case for the defense. The shooting he admitted. The plea of self-defense will be made. Try for Corn Crop. Pierre, S. D., June 19.A number of those who have settled west of the Missouri river will give corn raising in that section a practical test this sea son. Smull patches have been put out, and will indicate what can be done in that direction. Horace Dean, one of the settlers who started last year is givinc a twenty-acre field a trial this year, anu says it is in first-class shape to the present time. Duluth Man Chosen. Washington, June 19. Henry F. Greene of Minnesota has been appoint ed civil service commissioner to suc ceed Mayfield. Greene was indorsed for this appointment by the entire con gressional delegation from Minnesota, the chief justice and associate justices of the supreme court of Minnesota and by President Woodrow Wilson of Princeton university. Greene is a law yer of Dmuth. Less Flax Acreage. Devils Lake, N. D., June 18. Inac curate reports as to the flax acreage of North Dakota have appeared in a number of papers. A careful compila tion of the assessors' returns for Ram sey county, just completed, shows the flax acreage to be about half of what it was last year. Authentic reports from adjoining counties show a like curtailment of flax planting. Fell Under Moving Train. Marshalltown, Iowa, June 19Orra Ball, about fifteen years of age, while attempting to board a moving freight train at Tama fell under the wheels. Both legs were cut off and he will probably die. Fatally Burned. Mapleton, Minn., June 19.Miss Ida Hawker, a girl seventeen years of age, was severely burned by an explosion from an incubator lamp yesterday. She canuot live. Drowned in the Zumbro. Red Wing, Minn., June 19. Roy Reynolds, aged fourteen years, was drowned in the Zumbro river while bathiug. His body was recovered. Almost a Homicide. Deadwood, S. D., June 19.Thomas Grace is in jail on a charge of attempt ed murder of Walter Barker over dis puted ground. Grace is said to have hit Barker with an axe on the back of the head. Both are well known. Troops for Dubuque. Dubukue, Iowa, June 19Street car* did not run yesterday and Dubuque la comparatively quiet. Gov. Cummins wired last night that three companies of militia would be sent. The troops are expected to-day. 6HE DID NOT DRINK. And Consequently Did Not Need First Floor Rooms. American pushfulnesa is an unlim ited quantity. The women are as ir repressible in society as the men in commerce. A ortain visitor to the Riviera found tnis out recently. He was occupying first floor rooms at a well-known hotel. An of a sudden, without any introduction or prelim inary, a note was brought to him signed by the wife of a well-known American millionaire. It asked him whetaer he would object to giving up his rooms to her niece. He was much amazed, but wrote back inquiring whether the niece drank. Mrs. wrote in reply, in surprise and indig nation, winding up with an emphatic statement that her niece did not drink. Lord concluded with the following note: "Lord re grets that ho cannot give up his first floor rooms to Mrs, niece, for he is convinced that, as the young lady does not drink, it is very much easier for her to get up stairs than it is for Lord ."London Tat ler. A NEW BOILED DINNER. Little One's Astonishment Natural Un der the Circumstances. "I have a little niece," said the ra conteur of the Sewing Circle, "who is never so happy as when she is al lowed to visit the kitchen and watch the servants at work. Fortunately, her mother has good-natured servants who rather enjoy having the child around, so many are the charmed hours which Jessie spends downstairs making little pies under the cook's superintendence, and pretending she is 'grown up.' "The other day she descended to the laundry to oversee the family wash in her busy little way. She gave one look of utter astonishment as Mary put on the clothes to boil, and then fairly flew upstairs to her mother, ex claiming: '"Oh, mamma! What do you think? Mary's conking the clothes for din- ner!'"New York Times. Cheerfulness Counts. The Cosmopolitan says the longevity of the medical man is materially less than that of workers of other profes sions. Only those witn a sound physique, other things being equal, can win in a struggle for success. The sick look with confidence to the well. Tney demand the hearty dogmatism that comes from the overflowing of animal spirits. They enjoy the cheer ful optimism that comes from a good digestion. They lean upon the doc tor in their weakness and yield willing obediencp to his kindly influence. Much of tne power possessed for good may be out3ide of pills or potions, cor rect theories or sound deductions. American Medicine. Bait! A class in a Sunday school was list ening to a lesson on patience. The topic had been carefully explained, and as an aid to understanding the teach er had given each pupil a card bearing the picture of a boy fishing. "Even pleasure," said she, "requires the exer cise of patience. Look at the boy fish ing! He must sit and wait and wait. He must be patient." Having treated the subject very fully, she began with the simplest, most practical question: "And now can any little boy tell me what we need most when we go fish- ing?" With one voice was the answer shouted"bait!" Evicted Kaffirs. The correspondent of a London pa per, writing from British South Afri ca, says the Kaffirs are bound to in crease in population more rapidly than the whites, whom they already greatly outnumber, and, being barred from work in many cases by the im portation of cheap labor from India and forced to leave their land: hold ings, which they retain only under lease from the Boers, to whom it has been allotted, and under liability of eviction, a serious uprising of the na tives is not beyond the possibilities of the near future. Cecil Rhodes' Dream Realized. The dream of Cecil Rhodes is real ized in America before the funds left by him have made it possible in O lord. The workshop university in th great electric manufacturing works at Schenectady, N. Y., has among its studentsall college graduates young men from England, Scotland, France, Germany, Switzerland, Nor way, Sweden, Denmark, Holland, Spain, Italy, Russia, Brazil, Mexico, Canada, Slam and Japan. Nearly alt the leading engineering schools of th world are represented there. His Strong Recommendation. The old gentleman showed his dis pleasure plainly. "It seems to me rather presumptuous for a youth iu your position to ask for my daughter's hand," he said. "Can you advance any good reason why I 6hould give my consent?" "Yes, sir," replied the young man promptly. "What?" "I am comparatively modest and eco nomical in the matter of my personal expenditures, and I think you win find me less costly to maintain than any other son-in-law you could pick out!" Poodle Saved the Doll. French poodles, for all their fop pishness, are cast in the heroic mold, at witness the latest story from Paris. A fire was raging in the Rue Monsigny, and while the family shiv ered on the cobbles their poodle eprang through the flaming door, raced up the smoldering staircase, and In a trice returned, with the baby's doll in his jaws. THE GUS TMOMA* ANCCDOTE. Some World-Famous Retorts That Are Ever New. Adolph Klauber told an anecdate of Augustus Thomas quite as suggestive as humorous. He is said to have re plied to a fellow-dramatist, who had remarked that he had seen and heard Thomas' last comedy and "had not got a laugh out of it," that he, Thom as, had been asked for an opinion on a rejected tragedy by the other fellow and "had got a laugh cut of every line." This retort discourteous Is familiar in some form or another to almost every period of our literature. Instances recalled are of the author who asked the literary critic, "Have you read my last poem?" and was an swered, "I hope so and of another who asked, "Have you seen my 'Des cent Into Hell'?" and was told, "No, but I should like to." The old story gains nothing by repetition in new form. DEATH WAS NOT SURPRISING. Britisher Realized Fall Was Suffi cient to Kill Any One. Charles Francis Adams, who was escorting a British friend to view the different objects of""attraeiicnr in the vicinity of Boston, brought him to Bunker Hill. They stood looking at the splendid monument, when Mr. Adams remarked: "This is the place, sir, where Warren fell." "Ah!" re plied the Englishman, evidently not posted upon local historical matters, "did it hurt him -much?" Mr. Adams looked at his friend. "Hurt him," said he, "he was killed, sir." "Ah! he was, eh?" said the Eng lishman, still eying the monument and commencing to compute its height in his own mind. "Well, I should think he would have been to fall so far."Philadelphia Ledger. Josh Billings' Wit. R. R. Beatty of Washingtonville, N. Y., told this story the other day: "I was well acquainted with Josh Billings and his family when he was an auctioneer. He once sold a lot of cows for a Mr. Haight, who lived near Hackensack, generally known as Dea con Haight, because of his strong religious principlein which not a great deal of confidence was reposed. One of the cows made a bolt and ran square over Joshua, knocking him down. He arose in his wrath and be gan swearing, whereupon Deacon Haight stepped up and said: 'Tut tut, Mr. Shaw you should rat swear.' Josh scratched his head and remark ed: 'Well, Deacon, you pray a little sometimes, but I think neither of us means much by iL' But He Won't Do It. Johnny's mother had been anxious to instill into the mind of her youth ful son the necessity of reading at least a few verses from the Bible each day. She is anxious that her son should have a knowledge of the Bible as well as other books in fact, she thinks a reading of the great book the best means of gaining a good understanding of English and history. The little fellow has been adding a verse through the Psalms, Proverbs and those books as he ad vances in reading. The other even ing he was reading in a particularly deliberate style when he came upon the passage, "Keep thy tongue from evil and thy lips from guile." "Keep thytonguetfromevilandthy Upstfromgirls," he drawled out. Hare as a Universal Provider. In the economy of nature the hare is the one creature that stands be tween most of the carnivorous animals and starvation. In the northern woods where snow lies on the gro&fld for more than half the year, and where vegetation is of slow growth, the hare serves as a machine for converting birch twigs into muscular, lean meat, and providing it in such quantitiea that hawks, owls, wildcats, weasels and foxes can live in comparative luxury. A pair of hares under favor able conditions produce 70,000 indi riduals in four years. Cats to KiU Prairie Dogs. The owners of an enormous sheep ranch in Montana suffer so much loss fyom the consumption by prairie dogs of the tender shoots of grass, that they have determined to import cats enough to exterminate the dogs. The Grst company of 100 cats is being re cruited at St. Paul. A facetious writer in the New York Post shows anxiety for the future of the cats, their work being accomplished. He says if they do kill the prairie dogs they will have the choice, subsequently, of starva tion, cannibalism or brigandage. A Healthy Spot. The healthfulness of a certain sum mer resort is advertised by this story. Recently a visitor began to talk to an old resident of the town in question and asked him his age, whereupon he said: "I am just over seventy/ "Well," said the visitor, "you look a? If you had a good many years to live yet At what age did your father die?'' "Father dead?" said the man, look ing surprised. "Father isn't dead why, he's upstairs just now putting grandfather to bed!" A Real Bargain. "In time," said the struggling artist, "that painting will be of great value. All you have to do is to tuck it away In an attic somewhere and keep it for about 200 years, by which time I will have become one of the old masters. Then you can sell It easily for $10,000. You see, I know the rules, trat unfortunately I am not in a finan cial position to carry them out So, If you want a real bargain, I'll let yon Dave this llltte gem, tor J1.50." HACKS DRAW FIRE APPARATUS Town Authorities of Sallna, Kan., Evolve Good Scheme. A Kentuckian, who recently visited Salina, Kan., writes to a Kentucky pa per as follows: "I wish to tell you of something I saw in Kaunas. As I sat \a the hottO in Salina the Are bells lang. In a second three rubber-tired hacks standing in front of the hotel started. Before could ask I saw three hose carts hitched to the axles of the hacks, about one dozen firemen comfortably seated in the hacks, and under whip the procession disappeared at full speed." Not being able to maintain a team of horses at the 'fire station the town resorted to the ex pedient of offering a good price for the first team that shall arrive and bitch to the hose cart. The hacks, being on constant duty, often vie with one another for the prize, and the general result in point of quick service is not so much behind the city system as seme -might eui?se.Kansa City (Mo.) Journal ARE OLD OFFENDERS. Bank Thieves Have an impressive Criminal Record. Sioux Falls, S. D.. June John Abbott and James Burns, who were yesterday sentenced at Gann Valley to terms of four years each in the Sioux Falls penitentiarv for the attempted robbery of the Bank of Buffalo County at Gann Valley on Oct. 28 last, ar rived here yesterday afternoon. It develops that both men are old offend ers and have served time in the peni tentiary here. Abbott has sei-ved two terms of five and tvo years each under the nar of Allen and Appleton, both for postoffice robberies in Nebraska. Burns, under the name of John Wil son, b?.s served two years for burglary committed in Hanson county. INDIANS ARE WORKING. Indian Agents Are Urging Them to Build Roads and Dams. Pierre, S. D., June Charles E. McChesney, agent at Rosebud Indian agency, has been in the city the past week in attendance at the Tomahawk Waldron contest, and reports favora ble progress in putting the Indians on the reservations at work building roads and dams. Practically all the able-bodied Indians on this reservation are now at work and drawing cash for their work in lieu of government ra tions, and the distribution of govern ment help is reduced to a minimum. The work will be pushed for several years, and before it is completed the reservation roads will be among the best in the state. INDIAN BURIAL GROUND. Bluffs of Mississippi at Red Wing Are Lined With Them. Red Wing, Minn., June .While ex cavating for the new building for the Red Wing seminary on the college bluff overlooking the Mississippi val ley, what was no doubt a prehistoric cemetery was found. Many skeletons were unearthed and a quantity of oeads and trinkets were found "Sized Up* HisTiWan. j[ "Brother" Sheldon, author otL_"I' His Steps," has a sense of humor. Ha tells this story on himself of a young couple who applied to him to be mar ried. He performed the ceremony with.due solemnity and congratulated the bride. Then he observed the bridegroom searching through his pockets and looking a bit humiliated and ashamed. "I am afraid, parson," he said, "that I ain't got any money to pay you with." Then, after a mo ment of deep thought, looking up cheerfully, he added: 3ut I can tell you how to fix your gas meter so it won't register." Cure for Smallpox. A subscriber requests the publica* felon of the following: "I am willing to risk my reputation as a publio man," wrote Edward Hiaes to tba Liverpool Mercury, "if the worst cast of smallpox cannot be cured in three cays, simply by the use of cream of tartar. One ounce of cream of tar tar dissolved at intervals when cold is a certain, never-failing remedy. It has cured thousands, never leaves a mark, never causes blindness and avoids tedious lingering."Canton Saturday Roller. A Pointer for Women. Queen Alexandra's laces, linens and silks are perfumed by a method which almost any woman can copy. The drawers in which they are kept are lined with white paper, strewn with rose petals. On this is placed a layer of the fabrics to be scented, over that a layer of rose leaves, md so on in alternation until the drawer is filled. At the end of twenty-four hours every thing in the drawer will havo a delh cate perfume that will cling to it fo* a long time. Pleasure in Doing Good. Rev. A. P. Doyle of New York re marked the other day: "A woman who has an abundance of the good things of this world appreciates them all the more when she tries to uplift the fallen or bring comfort to the heart broken, and it sweetens her enjoyment of God's gifts. On the other hand, there is no more useless creature on God's earth than the woman of wealta h# lives for herself alon*" Platinum a Valuable Mineral. Platinum, which is indispensable tn some instruments of precision, and is useful in the arts particularly, be cause when imbedded in glass it does not crack it by unequal expansion, is still much more valuable than gold. Nine-tenths of the world's platinum (about 8,300 pounds) comes from the Ural mountains, which enables Russia to control the price. OLtant Golamn SITUATION WANTEDYoung woman of ability desires posi tion as stenographer, book keeper or cashier can furnish highest metropolitan refer ences. Address I, Daily Pioneer. 51-2t ANYONE desiring to buy a rotary sawmill nf 20,000 feet capacity write "No. 300." care this office. EXCELLENT chance for man with small capital to get into paying hotel business at Crookston, Minn. For particulars address letters to proprietor of Commercial hotel, Crookston, Minn. FOR SALETwo thousand cords of 16-inch wood. Wes Wright. 34tf FOR SALEYoung pigs. See J. P. Duncalf. 21tf LANG & CARTER exclusive agents for Bailey's addition. STRAYED-Came to my prem ises one white dog and pup. J. Gilbertson, Diamond Point. WANTEDExperienced girl for general housework. Salary $20 per month. Inquire at this of fice. 48-tf jfltA. 4 jj TELEPHONE 20 IOffice If .PflllfflflG. Decorating Floor Finishing. Granite Floor Finish WALL PAPER and PAINTS W. G. JOJiES Opp. City "Boat House. THIRD STREET BOWUNG ALLEY. For Week ending Tuesday, June 23rd, the following prizes will be offered: HIGH SCORE IN TEN PINS Fancy Whist Set, furnished by E. A. Barker. HIGH SCORE IN SEVEN BACK Dressing Case 'Mrnished by I. neyer & Co. G. WEETMAN, PROPRIETOR. FOR SALE! TWO 35-FOOT LAUNCHES Strong, Durable Boats Gasoline Engines Address 223 Manhattan Building, Duluth, Minn. Livery Stable A. M. BAGLEY SUCCESSOR TO J. J. JINKINSON Jay L. Reynolds Attorney-at-Law. Office: Over Lumbermens Bank