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BEASTS BORN IN CAPTIVITY.
Those That First Set the Light In Bristol, England, AP. the Best. The birth of a litter ot lions at Haslemere Part, a private menagerie \n England, leads one of the English papers to note a fact that has for long puzzled biologists, and that is notori ous among those who interest them selves in the study of wild beasts in captivity, this being that nearly all the lion, tiger and leopard cubs born In that country have a cleit palate, which prevents them from being properly suckled, and usually leads to their premature death. But, beyond this, a more astonishing fnct stilland one that also greatly puzzles biologistsis that which determines that of all the wild animals born in England those born in Bristol are regarded as the finest and as the most likely to live. So well known is this to professional showmen and menagerie keepers that "Bristol born" is a recognized brand In ie wild animal *rarif Cures Diseases of Plants. By his method of feeling through the stems instead of the roots S. A. Mokrsezki, the Russian entomologist, believes that trees and plants can be cured of disease and greatly stimulat ed in growth. His special apparatus is intended lb introduce salts of iron either solid or in solutioninto apple and pear trees, and he has used it "lor applying chemical treatment to 800 fruit trees on the southern shore of the Crimea. The weak and dis eased condition of the trees was remedied, while an unusual develop ment followed. Against Duty on Works of Art. J. Pierpont Morgan, Chas. T. Yerkes and other wealthy men have formed an association the object of which is to secure a repeal of the tariff duty on paintings and works of art imported Into this country. An appeal is to be made to President Roosevelt and in dividual members of Congress will be asked to use their influence to have the law changed. Mr. Morgan has more than $1,000,000 worth of paint ings stored in London. Paris and Ber lin. Yerkes has paintings to the value of $250,000 In his London apartments, and says hp will not bring them here notll the duty i* fkken off. Cure for Smallpox. A subscriber -requests the public* on of the following: "I am willing to risk my reputation as a public man," wrote Edward Hines to the Liverpool Mercury, "if th worst case of smallpox cannot be cured in three aays, simply by the use of cream of tartar. One ounce of cream of tai jar dissolved at intervals when cold is a certain, never-failing remedy. It baa cured thousands, never leaves a mark, never causes blindness and avoids tedious lingering."Canton fialurdav Boiler. Pleasure in Doing Good. Rev. A. P. Doyle of New York re marked the other day: "A woman who has an abundance of the good things of this world appreciates them all the more when she tries to uplift the fallen or bring comfort to the heart broken, and it sweetens her enjoyment of God's gifts. On the otber hand, there Is no more useless creature oa Ood'* earth than the woman of wealU h lM for herself alon*" First Aife-trafian Woman Physician. The first Australian lady duly qual ified, physician, Dr. Emma Constance Stone, recently died in Melbourne at the age of 46. She was the daughter of a London contractor of scientific tastes who settled in Tasmania. She studied first at the Woman's Medical college, Philadelphia, afterward in London and finally in Melbourne, where she started practice and en couraged a number of young ladies to follow in her footsteps. Dr. Stone was a strong advocate of female suf frage. L-'lie fvorj fv.ppiy. In vifiw of the rapid disappearance of the herds of elephants which for merly roamed in Africa, and the limit ed number of those animals remaining In Asia, Dr. R. Lydekker calls atten tion to the enormous supply of ivory which exists in the frozen, tundras or Siberia, and which, he thinks, "wilJ probably suffice for the world's con umption for many .years to come." This ivory consts of tusks of the ex tinct species of elephant called mam moths. The tusks of these animals were of great size, an*3 ar^ wonderfully abundant at some places in Siberia, where the frost has perfectly pre served them, and in many cases has preserved the flesh of the animals tied'. "Pliwy DIVH: Wood is veiy scarce in the SandwiCr Islands and what there is of it cornea dashing down from the mountain streams In the tims o! the spring floods. It Is heavier than our wood pad sinks to the bottom of the bayj nt which the streams empty. Thor. the natives wade out into the water until they feel a bit of wood under their feet and at once they diTe for it, the women and children helping, and all laughing and shouting and having /rood time. Tabulated Kmotlona. He: Are sine that I am the only oar you ever really and truly loved! Ehe: Perfectly sure. I wont over the whole list only yesterday.New Tork Weekly. A Wasted Attraction. "She has an engaging smile." 'Tee. .fit" it hasn't engaftd br.^-~Oievalaad *ln'n Dealer. SHE DID NOT DRINK. Arid Consequently QUI Nat .Need, Fleet Floor Rooms. .American pushf illness is an unlim ited quantity. The women are as ir repressible in society as the men ir commerce. A certain visitor to thr Riviera found tnis out recently. He was occupying first floor rooms at a well-known hotel. An of a sudden, without any introduction or prelim inary, a note was brougM to him signed by the wife of a well-known American millionaire. It asked him wheiner he would object to giving up his rooms to her niece. He was much amazed, but wrte back inquiring whether the niece drank. Mrs. wrote in reply, in surprise and indig nation, winding up with an emphatic statement that her niece did not drink. Lord concluded with the following note "Lord re grets that ho cannot give r.p his first floor rooms to Mrs. 'a niece, for he is convinced that, as the young lady does not drink, it is very much easier for her-to- get up stairs than it is for Lord ."London Tat ler. A NEW BOILED DINNEAu, Little One's Astonishment Natural Un der the Circumstances. "I have a little niece," said the ra conteur of the Sewing Circle, "who is never so happy as when she is al lowed to visit the kitchen and watch the servants at work. Fortunately, her mother has good-natured servants who rather enjoy having the child around, so many are the charmed hours which Jessie spends downstairs making little plea under the cook's superintendence, and pretending she is 'grown up.' "The other day she descended to the laundry to oversee the family wash in her busy little way. She gave one look of utter astonishment as Mary put on the clothes to boil, and then fairly flew upstairs to her mother, ex claiming: 'Oh, mamma! What do you think? Mary's conking the clothes for din- ner!'"New York Times. Cheerfulness Counts. The Cosmopolitan says the longevity of the medical man is materially less than that of workers of other profes sions. Only those with a sound physique, other things being equal, can win in a struggle for success. The sick look with confidence to the well. Tney demand the hearty dogmatism that cones from the overflowing of animal spirits. They enjoy the cheer ful optimism that comes from a good digestion. They lean upon the doc tor-in their weakness and yigld willing obedience to his kindly influence. Much of rfie power possessed for good may be outside of* pills or potions, cor rect theories or sound deductions. American Medicine. Bait! A class In a Sunday school was list ening to a lesson on patience. The topic had been carefully explained, and as an aid to understanding the teach er had given each pupil a card bearing the picture of a boy fishing. "Even pleasure," said she, "requires the exer cise of patience. Look at the boy fish ing! He must sit and wait and wait. He must be patient." Having treated the subject very fully, she began with', the simplest, most practical question: "And now caa any .Utile boy tell me what we need most when we go fish- ing?" With one voice was the answer shouted-"bait!" Evicted Kaffirs. The coi respondent of a London pa per, writing from British South Afri ca, saya the Kaffirs are bound to in crease in population more rapidly than the whites, whom they already greatly outnumber, and, being barred from work in many cases by the, im portation of cheap labor from India and forced to leave their land hold ings, which they retain only under lease from the Boers, to whom it has been allotted, and under liability of eviction, a serious uprising of the na* tives Is not beyond the possibilities o/ tb.e near future. Yeetotallsm in Texas. When Gen. Horace Porter was Jt Texas he came a^'oss a man who went about telling everybody, in great surprise, that he "had struck a big thing here." "What's the matter?" people asked. "Why," he answered, "I was sent down here by a temper ance society in Kansas to distribute these tracts. Well, whenever I hand ed a man a tract he3glanced over it, hauled out a revolver from one pocket and a quart bottle of whisky from the other and then said: 'Look here, you just have a drink of that, or my gun'll go off.' Would you believe it! Haven't had -to pay tor a drop of liquor since I came here to distribute I teetotal tracts." Not Looking for Notoriety. No author of the day has been less photographed than Joseph Conrad, who has just published a book of sea stories. His publishers, when his book was about to come out, having failed to persuade him to face the camera for a new picture, hunted high and low throughout England and America for som sort of likeness. Finally, in the files of an old English illustrated magazine, someone stum bled upon a small oval head of him, and it is from that half-tone, enlarged and retouched, that all pictures of Conrad recently published have been raade. Light-Haired Peopla Live Long. Light-haired people, it is said, as a rule live longer than those having dark hair. FILARIA IS A NEW DiGEASE. Resgpnsible for the Death of Ma-.y American Soldiers. C'apt Cltafles KieelTer. a United States armj surgeon, says the Phil ippines are infested with mosquitoes more troublesome ac' dangerous from a medical jjoint of view than those that swarm in the Jersey swamps. A strange malady known as filaria is traced directly to them, and is com mon among the American soldiers quartered ca the islands. Soldiers contract thte disease by drinking water from stagnant pools in which the mosquitoes have laid their eggs. The first indication of filaria ap- pear!* in the form of a worm in the victim's th orax. This develops into olephantiisiB, which causes the pa tient terrible pams, accompanied by a constant cough. The sufferer Is worst at itight, ?nd the patient be comes a prey to insomnia. The only remedy lies in an opera tion, which in itself "is dangerous and rarely successful. If the worm, which is a female, is injured and dies through the operation, its poison gets into the blood, the disease is increased a thousandiold and the chances of re covery are small. For Those With Stomach Habit. A Philadelphia baker is authority for tly3 assertion that the latest fad of dyspeptics Is bread made with sea water, instead of fresh water. "It has a saltier taste," he says, "than we are accustomed to, but it is very palatable. In fact, he who likes salty things is apt to like it better than the other bind of bread. A physician asked me about three months ago to make some of this bread for his patients. At first I made six loaves a day, but now I make thirty. My sea water comes up to me from Atlantic City three times a week. The dys peptics who buy the bread say it is the only kind they, can eat fresh without dUcomfort" Lecson in Chaplain Milburn's Life. It was of the late William H. Mil burn, the blind preacher chaplain of the house, and afterward of the Senate, that William R. Morrison once said: "Mr. Milburn is a man who fears God, hates the devil and votes the straight ticket." Mr. Mil burn's life illustrates what one can do in the face of hardships. He was totally bliaid before becoming of age, but became a Methodist clergyman, successful lecturer and author, keep ing at his work until a few months before his death at the age of eighty. The newspapers were read to him every day and he kept fully posted on passing events. Mrs. Morgan Not FashlonaDle. Mrs. J. Pierpont Morgan was "the cynosure of all -eyes" at the recent election of the Colonial Dames at New York. Contrary to the expectations of those who did not know her it was found that she dresses simply and her cloth gown looked rusty. Her black hat was small and shapeless and a thick veil covered her face. The decision of the women who Saw her was embraced in thp word "frumpy." Mrs. Morgan's disposition is exceed ingly retiring and whenever she ap pears in public she seems ill at ease. Point of View. "Hope springs eternal in the human breast," remarked the person with a mania for quotations. -Yes,' rejoined the morbid party, "and I suppose that's why the pool of disappointment is always slopping over." Historic Portrait Spoiled. Among the best portraits in the white house previous to the recent "renovation' was that of Mrs. Benja min Harzrlson by Daniel Huntington, for many years America's foremost portrait painter. In the "restoration" this portrait has been rehung to suit some modern Interpretation of the alleged original plan of the mansion by George Washington. In doing this the pain-t has been scratched and scraped and in some important spaces has been, knocked off entirely. Worse than this, a hole about three Inches long has been punched In the canvas. Gas From Peat Not New. At the Motala steelworks in Sweden gas made from peat has been em ployed a.s fuel for more than twenty years pa,st. Full of Absentees. There was a larger attendance than usual iik the "Amer corner" at the Fifth A-venue hotel last night, and these we-e some of the interesting stories told: "Judge Gildersleeve," re marked deorge W. Wanaraaker, "was telling tie other night of a laughable 'bull' made by Maj. Leach, once fa mous as the head of the Irish rifle team. The judge"was visiting in Ire* land and remarked: 'Major, is it true that much of the trouble in this little country of yours is caused by ab sentee landlords?' Tt is, sir,' re sponded the major. "Sure, our little is land is full of them.' "New York Mail and Express. The One Thing Wrong. A foreigner went into one of Bos ton's bis hotels one Simday morning not long ago nd asked for a typical Boston breakfast. After some con ference with the head waiter an espe cially nice breakfast was served, in cluding of course codfish halls, brown bread amd pork and beans. The visitor ate witli apparent relish, but aftet some minutes oummoned his man* "These boans are delicious," he said, "and the coffee could not be better, but"pointing to the codfish ball "you may remove the little bun. There appear* to be something dead In it" SOLD HIS SHOOTING BOOTS. Man Fooled His Wife on the Price, But the Result Was Sad. Banks knew very well that he could not afford to pay $20 for a pair of shooting boots, but he reasoned with himself, after the sophistical wanner of those who knew the joys sf ex travagance, that his twice-a-year trip to his Long Island club for two days of duck shooting was really the only luxury he allowed himself and his economies in other directions deserv ed reward. So Banks bought the boots, and told his wife a nice little story about a friend who had struck a bargain in boots and had let him have a pair "for practically nothing." The boots were not worth much anyhow, he carelessly explained, and congratulat ed himself on having safely and sagaciously handled a delicate situa tion. When Banks came back from his next shooting trip he was tired "and sleepy, and threw his new boots, ail muddy as they were, into a closet, to be cleaned when he should have more energy. "And what, do you think happened to those l:D0t tie said two days later to a croup of sympathetls friends on 'change. "A junk peddler came* around the next day and my wife sold him my %'M boots for fifty cents. She knew th? were of no special value, as I had said so, and thought she'd done well to get fifty cents for them." "And what did you say?" asked one man, betwixt pity and amusement. "Say? What could I say? I be came hysterical."New York Mail and ExpresC- Tons of Thoie Used for Printing Money to Serve AS Ship Ballast, This was "melting day" at the Bu reau of Engraving and Printing. All the plates, rolls and dies uoed in print ing gold and silver certificates, postage and revenue stamps, bonds and postal cards during 1901 Were loaded early ibis morning n two big trucks. Al though the precaution had been taken to spoil the face of each plate with a file, four strapping employes of the Treasury Department rode oa each truck. A Treasury commitiee rode in a carriage. The procession went to the Navy yarct foundry, where the plates were unceremoniously dumped into one of the furnaces, to 'om out as pig steel and to be used for ballast for war ships. There were twenty tons of piates, rolls and dies, from which were printed last year $2,200,000,000 in gold and silver certificates of various denominations, and $889,000,000 in postage stamps, besides hundreds of millions of bonds, revenue stamps and postal cards. The engravers are now at work on che plates, rolls and dies for 1903. Those in nse now will be destroyed next February.New York World. NOT A FOLYGAMIST. Hew Bishop Potter Filled Out an Of ficial Form. An army officer just, returned from the Philippines telln this story on Bishop Pottwr. When tb* bishop went out to Ma nila a year or two ago, on his arrival at the islands he was confronted by a formidable list of about thirty questions. The list, prepared by Uncle Sam for Chinese and native Filipinos was nevertheless submit ted Impartially to all comers. Gravely the bishop, as became his respect of forms, wrote down hia name, age, occupation, place of birth. He did not even smile as he wrote "No" opposite the question "Have you any opium?" But the last question was too much. A look of mock pain crossed his fea tures. "Must I answer this?" he asked the examiner. The examiner nodded. And in the space opposite "Are you a polygamist?" the bishop grave ly wrote "Not yet." THE COLDEST WINTEB- Somewhat Remarkable Experience In Duluth, Minn. In a little wayside L.a ?x a small station some fifty miles west of Du luth a half-dozen men from various places chanced to meet recently. The conversation opened with a remark concerning the weather, and from that drifted easily to the se verity of winters in the different parts of the Northwest. One man, who came from the Twin Cities, told a sad story of frozen water pipes and other household in conveniences occasioned by the frigid weather there one February. Another recounted a tale of suffer ing endured by men and beasts on a North Dakota prairie during a bliz zard. Stories were thus told until five the group had contributed in stances upon the subjeet. There was a pause in the conver sion until an Irishman, who sat a little apart from the others, quietly smoking a pipe, remarked: "Well, the coldest winter Oi irer put in was summer in Duluth. Who Was Demosthenes? It was in Athens that the great orator Demosthenes was born. Al though he had many impediments to overcome, he worked on untiringly, un til finally he became not only the first orator of Greece, but of all antiquity. He remedied a stammer in his speech by practicing with pebbles in his mouth. On the death of Alexander he gave his services as an orator to the confederated Greeks, ahd in the end made way with himself by using voison to avoid failing into the hands ut i^utipater. REfeD C. D. Steece The Sign Man Is here to stay, and is prepared to do all kinds of nrj-to-date Painting, Paperhang ing, Free Hand Relief Work, Kalsomin ing, Etc. AL WOR IS GUARANTEED DON'T FORGET TO SEE HIM BEFORE LETTING VOIR JOB. HE SAVE YOU MONEY. LEAVE ORDERS AT BEAUDETTE'S TAILOR SHOP. C. D. STEECE THE SIGN MAN BEMIDJI, MINN. First Class Sample Room. Choicest Brands. Mac's Mint Geo. MeTaggart, Prop. Choice Wines, Liquors and Cigars. Beltrami Avenue. Bemidji, Minn. Prof. SEAT0N The Celebrated Scientific almist and Clairvoyant Has arrivecUmd remains a short time only. The Professor is recognized by press and public as the foremost and most able Scientific Palmist and Clairvoyant before the American public, and he especially invites those to call who have been dis appointed or deceived in the past by some incompe tent personthey "will notice the difference be- tween an adept and a pretender. HRE YOU IN TROUBLE? Do you find that with alL of your natural gifts and talents that you are baffled, discouraged and unsuccessful? If so, come and be advised and find out the cause of your bad luck, and how you can change your bad conditions to success, joy and happiness. Thous- ands live today to bless and give credit of their success and happi- ness to this wonderful man. Are you sick? If so, come to me and I will tell you free of charge what ails you. I do not give medi- cine, but tell you how to be cured without asking a single question.. Come and be convinced. Palmistry and Clairvoyant taught. Prof. Seaton is located at Roo 8 Remor Hotel REED & KNUTS0N Blacksmith and Wago Makers BEMIDJI, MINNESOTA & KNUTSON have opened a blacksmith and wagon shop one door south of The Pioneer, and are prepared to handle any and all work in their line and guarantee satisfaction to all comers. Mr. Reed makes a specialty of horseshoeing: and general blacksmith work, and his -workis too well known to need any introduction to the people of this vicinity. Mr. Knutson has been in the employ of the St. Hilaire Lumber company for four years, and comes well recommended by that company. Give the new firm a chance to show you what they can do, and you will not be disappointed REED & KNUTSON Second door south of postoffice, BEMIDJI, MINN. Subscribe for the Daily and Weekly Pioneer The two best papers printed between Crookston and Duluth f/t t.3lA.J&Ljtk..ji N.