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FILARIA 13 A NEW DISEASE.
Responsible for the Death of Many American Soldiers. Capt. Charles Kieeffer, a United States army surgeon, says the Phil ippines are infested with mosquitoes more troublesome and dangerous from a medical point of view than those that swarm in the Jersey swamps. A strange malady known as fllaria is traced directly to them, and is com mon among the American soldiers quartered on the islands. Soldiers contract the disease by drinking water from stagnant pools in which the mosquitoes have laid their eggs. The first indication of fllaria ap pears In the form of a worm in the victim's thorax. This develops into elephantiasis, which causes the pa tient terrible pains, accompanied by a constant cough. The sufferer is worst at night, and the patient be comes a prey to insomnia. The only remedy "ilea' in an opera tion, which itself is dangerous and rarely successful. If the worm, which Is a female, is Injured "and dies through the operation, its poison gets Into the blood, the disease is Increased a thousandfold and the chances of re covery are small. CAME BACK FOR HI8 OWN. How Wilkinson Was Outwitted by a Brainy Tramp. When Wilkinson went to his office one day last week he felt calm and contented. He hadn't any need to worry about his wife's loneliness any more, for he had bought a capital watchdog for her. But, alas! when he arrived home his wife met him with the deplorable news that the dog had gone. "Eh!" said Wilkinson, "did he break the chain, then?" "No," she- replied "but a great, ugly-looking tramp came here and acted so impudently that I let the dog loose. But instead of tearing the tramp to pieces the nasty dog went off with him." "Great Scott!" said Wilkinson, "that must have been the tramp I bought him from!" Danger in Big Guns. Recent accidents disabling some of our best battleships offer rather start ling evidence of the weaknesses that are inherent in vessels of this type. For years inventive genius has been applied to contriving guns of bigger size and longer range than those used before, and each increase has added to the demands laid upon the strength guns and turrets and their mobility In action. Inevitably the line of safe has been passed and the result Is. shown in accidents which have caused' loss of life, besides exposing the para doxical delicacy of massive machin-' cry.Philadelphia Nortu American. The Modern Race After Wealth. The mania for money-making has developed into downright madness. And the explanation is easy. People see that it is fast becoming the chief, If not the only, standard of respecta bility. When Talleyrand was asked if be was not ashamed to sell bis influ ence in making treaties under the first empire he replied: "My friend, do you not see that there are but two things left in Francemoney and the guillotine?" We are rapidly ap proaching the period In our own his tory when there will be but two things left in Americamoney and contume ly.Louisville Courier-Journal. Enjoyaole Denunciations. Society to-day in search of fresh sen sation floc'-s to hear its manifold follies denounced from the pulpit, and the more outspoken the preacher the more it enjoys his discourse. Times have' changed since the day when Lord Melbourne walked out of church In disgust after a rousing sermon on the consequences of sin, exclaiming: Things have come to a pretty pass when religion is allowed to invade the sphere of private life!" To-day society revels in hearing itself denounced and plumes itself with Joy when a fashion able preacher discourses on bridge scandals and divorce cases. Cecil Rhodes' Dream Realized. The dream of Cecil Rhodes is real ized in Amp'ica before the funds left by him have made it possible In Ox ford. The workshop university in the great electric manufacturing works at Schenectady. N. Y.. has among its studentsall college graduates young men from England, Scotland, France, Germany, Switzerland, Nor way, Sweden, Denmark, Holland, Spain, Italy, Russia, Brazil, Mexico, Canada, Siam and Japan. Nearly all the leading engineering schools of the world are represented there. His Strong Recommendation. The old gentleman showed his dis pleasure plainly. "It seems to me rather presumptuous for a youth in your position to ask for my daughter's hand," he said. "Can you advance any good reason why I should give my consent?" "Yes, sir." replied the young man promptly. "What?" "I am comparatively modest and eco nomical in the matter of my personal expenditures, and I think you wta find me less costly to maintain than any other son-in-law you could pick out!" The Spare Room. The guest from the city sat in the bedroom that had been alloted to him in his brother's house in the little country town. He watched his breath turning to icy clouds as it left his lungs and wondered how long it took a man to freeze to death, "They cair this the 'spare room,' he 6aid, ahiver lngly, to hlmselt "And it is weli named. I dont wonder they can spare it. I think that I could get along with out it myself."- -Magazine of Humor. THE NUMBER SEVEN IN HISTORY. HE SOLD HlS HEAD. Has Had Deep Significance in Ancient and Modern Times. It was frequently used as a mystical or symbolical number in the Bible, as well as among the principal nations of antiquity. There were seven days in a week, and the seventh was kept sacred. There were seven deadly sins pride, covetousness, lust, anger, glut tony, envy and sloth. There were seven virturesfaith, hope, charity, prudence, temperance, chastity and fortitude. There were seven champions of ChristendomSt. George for England, St, Andrew for Scotland, St. Patrick, for Ireland, S David for Wales, St. Denis for Prance, St. James for Spain, St Anthony for Italy. There were seven wise men of Greece, There were seven ages of man. Borne was bftflt on seven hills. There were seven ancient wander ers, and the seven sleepers were he roes of a celebrated legend. HE U8ED A TACK. How Undertaker Made Sure the Wig Would Stick. As the story goes, an Irish under taker was laying out the deceased hus band of a Weeding Hibernian widow. The corpse wore a wig, and it was very difficult to induce it to stay on straight, as wigs ought always to do, even if 'they don't The bereaved widow was called in to assist "Go an' git me a pot of glue, Mrs. McGov- ern," said the undertaker, "so that I may keep his wig where it belongs." Mrs. MocGovern set out after the sticking material, and after a time she returned. "Here is the glue for ye," she said with a sigh. "Mrs. McGovern, you kin take back the mucilage," said the undertaker "the difficulty is fixed. I used a tack." Buffalo Times. Good Work of the Rocking Chair. Some one who was interested in the fact has discovered that while Amer ican women are shorter than their Eng lish sisters, their legs are much more symmetrical and their ankles more graceful. The belief is expressed that the reason for this lies in the great love of the American women for rock ing chairs. Here a woman will sit down in a rocking chair, and, appar ently happy, rock by the hour, were Bhe not disturbed, perhaps not know ing that the mere movement employed to keep the chair motion does, by repeated pushes of *.he toes, make the instep high, the calf round and full, and so keep from the angle an accum ulation of flesh. American and English Railways. The reasons urged in explanation of the great number of persons killed and injured on American as compared with British railways are: We have more than eight times as many miles of road Great Britain has but 9,000 miles of single track, while we have 176,000 miles in Great Britain roads can pay interest on an investment In construction of $200,000 a mile, but many American roads built to develop sparsely settled districts fail to pay an investment of $70,000 a mile heavy traffic In Great Britain justifies the ex pense of block systems and interlock ing switches. Many Favor Universal Language. "Esperanto," an artificial language made by Dr. L. Zamenhof for a uni versal language, has gained 80,000 ad herents, among them members of the French Institute, professors in conti nental universities, Count Tolstoi and W. T. Stead. Its object, as stated by a writer in Le Monde Moderne, Paris, is: "To furnish people who need to communicate with foreignerstravel ers, scientists and business menthe way to a mutual understanding with out necessity of resorting to the study of many foreign languages." Where to Apply. "Dear Miss Scrubblns," wrote the wise mother to her son's teacher, "if you want an excuse for Willie's ab sence from school, ask him for one. He's the Sest boy for excuses that lives. He gives them to me a dozen times a day. He can give an excuse for anything that happens, whether it's a rip in his trousers or a fight with a neighbor \oy. As long as you have him in yoi'r room, I do not see why it should be necessary to apply to me for an excuse at all." Much Red Tape Over a Cent The postmaster at Elolse, Fla., being short one cent hi his cash at his last settlement with the government made up the deficiency out of his own pock et but In checking his accounts the auditor for the postofHce department found an arithmetical error whereby Uncle Sam had been overpaid to the extent of a cent. Thereupon the de partment sent the postmaster a draft for one cent which he has just re ceived. The Traveled Widow. The Sunday sctoool superintendent was quizzing a class at small girls the other day. "And what was 'the widow's cruse?' he asked. There was a mo ment's silence then a little hand went up timidly. "Please, sir," said the youngster, "the widow was one of the people that went with Noah in his yacht." Sire Got Ahead of Him. Sally GeyDid he kiss you?" Doily SwiftYes, but, oh! I was so morti fied, I kissed him first. Sally Gey Goodness! What made you do that? Dolly SwiftWhy, you see, I thought he was going to kiss me a moment or two before he really did, and I acci dentally got ahead of him. Peculiar Condition in Which Wealthy Russian Finds Himself, A curious story comes from Russia about a man who sold his head. About the year 1866 tnere lived a man at Keff with an enormous head. A Rus sian scientist, Prof. Walker, in order to secure the head for scientific pur poses, bought It from its possessor for 500 roubles. The condition of sale was that it should only be delivered after the man's decease but when the transaction got abroad a great scandal was created. The professor, however, stuck to his bargain, and the big head applied itself to business. Fortune smiled on the latter he fell heir to a big fortune, and then he began to feel uncomfortable at the thought that the head belonged to an other. He went to the professor, offer ed him 1,000, 1,500, even 2,000 roubles If only he would give him back the absolute ownership of his headpiece. But the professor rfeid out, and for aught that is known to the contrary he Is still holding outPearson's Week ly. TO CURE A COLD. Uncle Allen Sparks Knew of Many Infallible Remedies. "Uncle Allen," asked the young man, "do you know anything that's good for a cold?" Mr. Allen Sparks opened his desk, took from one of the pigeonholes a large number of newspaper clippings tied with a string, and threw it over to him. "Do I know of anything that is good for a cold?" he echoed. "My boy, I know of six hundred and twenty-seven infallible ways of curing a cold. I've been collecting them for forty-nine years. You try these, one after the other, and If they don't do you any good, come back and I will give you one hundred and sixteen more. Bless me!" added Mr. Sparks with enthu siasm, you can always cure a cold If you go about it the right way." He dug up a bundle of yellow, time stained clippings out of another pig eonhole and the visitor hastily left Good Word for Mosquito. The announcement comes from Washington that the New Jersey mos quito Is really a blessing In disguise. Not only is its bite not dangerous, but, It is asserted, this voracious In sect destroys poisonous immigrants i of its genus that come from the south to threaten people with malaria, yel low fever and the like. All this may be true enough, but it is not likely that the long-billed New Jersey variety will be cultivated as household pets until some way is devised to muzzle them during their working hours. Few of us can stand the loss of blood nec essary for their salubrity.Indianap olis News. Necklace Awaits an Owner. A strange story is told about a dia mond necklace which was found at one of the English court balls some years ago. One of the late queen's ladies in-waiting picked up a diamond neck lace from the floor. A lady came for ward and claimed it. The finder, how ever, declared it was her duty to give it in to the lord chamberlain's office, as this was the rule with regard to anything found in the palace. The lady protested in vain, but. the oddest thing was that this necklace never was claimed, and is probably still at the lord chamberlain's office. Hare as a Universal Provider. In the economy of nature the hare is the one creature that stands be tween most of the carnivorous animals and starvation. In the northern woods where snow lies on the ground for more than half the year, and where vegetation is of slow growth, the hare serves as a machine for converting birch twigs into muscular, lean meat and providing it in such quantities that hawks, owls, wildcats, weasels and foxes can live in comparative luxury. A pair of hares under favor able conditions produce 70,000 indi viduals in four years. Cats to Kill Prairie Dogs. The owners of an mormous sheep ranch in Montana suffer so much loss from the consumption by prairie dogs of the tender shoots of grass, that they have determined to Import cats enough to exterminate the dogs. The first company of 100 cats Is being re cruited at St. Paul. A facetious writer in the New York Pos* shows anxiety for the future of the cat3. their work I being accomplished. He says If they do kill the prairie dogs they will have the choice, subsequently, of starva. tion, cannibalism or brigandage. A Healthy Spot The healthfulness at a certain sum mer resort iB advertised by this story. Recently a visitor began to talk to an old resident of the town in question and asked him his age, whereupon he said: "I am just over seventy." i "Well," said the visitor, "you look as if you had a good many years to live I yet At what age did your father die?" "Father dead?" said the man, look ing surprised. "Father isn't dead why, he's upstairs Just now putting grandfather to bed!" A Real Bargain. "In time,*' said the struggling artist, "that painting will be of great valua All you have to do is to tuck it away in an attic somewhere and keep it for about 200 years, by which time I will have become one of the old masters. Then you csm sell it easily for $10,000. You see. I know the rules, but unfortunately I am not in a finan cial position to carry them out. So, if you want a real bargain. FI1 let you have this little gem for $1.50." CLEANLINESS AS A Vide. Younj? Matron Criticises Methods of Her Motner-in-Law. "Cleanliness is next to godliness, I know," said the young' matron whose mother-in-law lives with her, "but there is such a thing as carrying it too far, I think. Now, my husband'B mother is fearfully and wonderfully neat. In fact, at times I feel that to live in a pigpen would be a relief. From morning till night there Is noth ing but clean, clean, clean. Bits of carpet are laid in the places most likely to trip you up. These are in tended to keep the floor underneath free from stain and then the carpets are taken up and the floor underneath scrubbed as carefully as if it had not been protected all tne time. You can not imagine just how trying it is. Bui the other day she reached the limit She came In, took off her shoes, care fully washed them and set them out to dry! Think of it! t,It's did not wash her hat" Governor Saves Boy's Life, It is fortunate for one Georgia youth that Gov. Garvin of Rhole Island is a physician and surgeon of standing. The governor and a number of north ern friends were at Andersonville to attend the dedication of a monument in memory of Rhode Island soldiers who died In Andersonville prison. While the exercises were in progress a carriage team took fright, ran away and upset the vehicle. Edwin Calla way, one of fhe occupants, had his leg broken, the jagged bone severing an artery. Gov. Garvin, on hearing of the boy's plight, hurried to his help, tied the severed artery and cut the broken bone, just in time to save the sufferer from bleeding to death. Bank's Burglar Trap Didn't Work. In its account of the recent bank burglary at Allen, the Emporia (Kan.) Gazette explains that the trap set by the bank for robbers did not work. The trap In question is unique enough to be interesting. "Above the vault," says the Gazette, "was a thin celling and about a ton of sand above it. This was there In case cracksmen should attempt to blow open the safe, when the ceiling would burst at the explosion and the sand fill the vault, making it impossible to get at the safa However, the ceiling did not burst and the sand remains undis turbed.Kansas City (Mo.) Journal. Chorus Girls of Wealth. Among the twenty girls who took part in an amateur comic opera per formance in Philadelphia the other evening were fifteen whose fathers are millionaires. It is said that the girls in question represented some $40,000,000. The affair was the big gest event among the Hebrews of Philadelphia for twenty years. A trainload of wealthy New Yorkers went over specially to take part in or i witness the performance, which was given under the auspices of the Mer cantile club. Brave Sailor 9oon Forgotten. Disoouraglngly tardy progress is be ing made with the proposed monument to Rear Admiral James E. Jorrett It was thought that the gallant conduct and wide popularity of the admiral would have called forth generous re sponse to the committee's appeal, but that expectation has not been realized. The headquarters of the association are in Washington and Rear Admiral A. E. K. Benham is chairman of a committee having the matter in imme diate charge. The Ones That 8offered. An aged Scotch minister, who was very boastful, says ex-Speaker Joseph L. Barbour of the Connecticut legisla ture, once said to his good friend. "Think of it! I preached two hours and twenty minutes last Sunday!" "Didn't it weary you very much?" in quired the other solicitously. "Oh, no," said the minister. "But you should have seen the congregation!"New York Times. One Point of View. "I am very much afraid that you do not appreciate the spirit of a free country." "Oh, yes I do," answered the man who had recently landed in New York, hi a dialect which it is needless to reproduce. "What do you understand by a free country?" "It is a place where yon are free to do as you choose If you manage to get on the police force." Had Had Opportunity. Two society buds at the Waldorf Astoria were commenting upon the marriage of Mrs. Lewis Rutherfurd to William K. Vanctorbilt. "It's a fine match." said one: "the bride certainly belongs to the Upper Ten.'" "She ought to," was the tart answer, "she's mar ried three of them!"New York Times. REED a wonder she STRENGTH OF MEN AND OXEN. Bulk for Bulk, the Former Are the Stronger. Few people know that a man, bulk for bulk, is stronger than an ox, but it appears that such is the case. The matter was tested not long since at a fair in America, one of the attractions of which was a coD+est of a yoke of oxen against an equal weight of men, A drag was loaded with granite blocks, weighing in the aggregate 4,959 pounds. The yoke of oxen that made the trial weighed 3,220 pounds, and twenty men, allowing ISO pounds to the man, were set against them. The men took hold of the drag first, and easily walked off with it, covering a distance of 95 feet in the space of two minutes. The oxen at their trial moved only eighty-five feet in the same length of time, and the men were accordingly declared winners.Pearson's Weekly. Kicked to Death by Morses. Cedar Falls, Iowa, July 29. Vent Howard, a young man from Cincinnati visiting here, was instantly killed on the F. D. Pierce farm. He was assist ing in haying, when the horses kicked him down and trampled him to death. Turns Consul Down. Caracas, July 29.President Castro has refused to grant the exequatur of the Spanish consul because of domes tic matters which caused dissatisfac tion, and the disapproval of the for eign ministers. Including Mr. Bowen. For Those With Stomach Habit. A Philadelphia baker is authority for the assertion that the latest fad of dyspeptics is bread made with sea water, instead of fresh water. "It has a saltier taste," he says, "than we are accustomed to, but it is very palatable. In fact, he who likes salty things is apt to like it better than the other kind of bread. A physician asked me about three morths ago to make some of this bread for his patients. At first I made six loaves a day, but now I make thirty. My sea water comes up to me from Atlantic City three tin:es a weei. The dys peptics who buy Lhe bread say it in the otily kin 1 they can *a *reah without .11scorn to t." REED & KNUTS0N Blacksmith and Wago Makers BEMIDJI, MINNESOTA & KNUTSON have opened a blacksmith and wagon shop one door south of The Pioneer, and are prepared to handle any and all work in their line and guarantee satisfaction to all comers. Mr. Reed makes a specialty of horseshoeing and general blacksmith work, and his work is too well known to need any introduction to the people of this vicinity. Mr. Knutson has been in the employ of the St. Hilaire Lumber company for four years, and comes well recommended by that company. Give the new firm a chance to show you what they can do, and you will not be disappointed REED & KNUTSON Second door south of postoffice, BEMIDJI, MINN. C. D. Steece The Sign Man Is here to stay, and is prepared to do all kinds of uo-to-date Painting, Paperhang ing, Free Hand Relief Work, Kalsomin ing, Etc AL WOR IS GUARANTEED DON'T FORGET TO SEE HIM BEFORE LETTING YOUR JOB. HE CAN SAVE YOU MONEY. LEAVE ORDERS AT BEAUDETTE'S TAILOR SHOP. C. D. STEECE THE SIGN MAN BEMIDJI, MINN. First Class Sample Room. Choicest Brands. Mac's Mint Geo. McTaggart Prop. Choice Wines, Liquors and Cigars. Beltrami Avenue. Bemidji, Minn. J^w_(_r-fc-^ A._W_V__rA_WAfAAAAA-lrAAAAAAJ Subscribe for the Daily and Weekly Pioneer The two best papers printed between Crookston and Dulnth Full of Absentees. There was a larger attendance than usual in the "Amer corner" at the Fifth Avenue hotel last night, and these we~e some at the interesting stories told: "Judge Gildersleeve," re marked George W. Wanamaker, "was telling the other night of a laughable "bull' mad* by Mai. Leach, once far mous as the head of the Irish rife team. The judge was visiting in Ire land and remarked: 'Major, is it true Chat much of the trouble in this little country of yours is caused by ab sentee landlords?' 'It is, sir,' re sponded the major. 'Sure, our little is land is full of thenx*"New Toxic Mail and Express. The One Thing Wron^ A foreigner went Into one of Bo* ton's bis hotels one Sunday morning not tang ago and asked for a typical Boston breakfast After some con ference with the head waiter an espe cially nice breakfast ^ras served, In cluding of coarse oadftsh halls, brown bread and pork and beans. The visitor ate with apparent relish, but aftef some minutes summoned his man "These beans are delicious," he said, "and the coffee could not he better, but"painting to the codfish ball "ycu may raniove the little bun. There aenear* to tre icmetbtng dead In it"