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THE SMALL BOY'S LONGING.
TO GET RID OF RATS. Part of the Show That Was Woefully Disappointing. Little Willie's father took him to the show. It was a variety show, end ing with a sketch called "The African Belle," in which, after a missionary had been bound to a stake by a lot of dancing savages, he is rescued by the chief's daughter after the manner of Capt. John Smith. This last part of the show Willie's father thought would please the boy immensely but the son and heir fell Into a state of gloom at its close. On the way home the fond parent inquired: "Willie, didn't you like the part where all the savages come out?" "IMo,"^ replied Willie with a sigh. "Me and the other boys play that. When you pay to go to a show I should think they might kill the missionary." PEA8 FROM PHARAOHS' TOMB. Their Product Unlike Anything Known at Present. There are bargains and finds to be made in the plant world equal to any picked up in old curiosity shops. Some time ago a Glasgow gentleman re ceived from his son in Egypt an en velope full of peas, which were said to have been found in the tomb of one of the Pharaohs. He sent them to a friend of his at Kames, in the Isle of Bute, who sowed them. They grew up into plants quite unlike anything known at present, strong and about six feet high, with a great white flow er having a red center. The pods were long and full of excellent peas. This new old variety found a ready sale at good: prices. Muscular Christianity. Prof. Bryce, in his biographical study of Bishop Fraser, of Manches ter, tells of a clergyman of Fraser's diocese who had knocked a man down who had insulted him. The bishop wrote him a letter of reproof, point ing out that exposed as the Church of England was to much criticism on all hands, her ministers ought to be very careful of their demeanor. The of fender replied by saying: "I must re gretfully admit that, being grossly insulted, and forgetting in the heat of the moment -the critical position of the Church of England, I did knock the man down^fctc." Fraser was de lighted with the turning of the tables on himself, and afterward invited the clergyman to visit him. Superfluous Boys. A British parliamentary paper shows that, as usual, nearly 20,000 more boys than girls were born in I the British isles last year. Whence, then, the "superfluous woman?" The boys die, during the first weeks and months of life, at a far greater rate than the supposed "weaker vessels." In a few months they have sunk to an equality and soon woman takes the lead, numerically, and keeps it, nu merically. The reason is not uncon nected with the larger size of the baby boy's head, for which he either pays the penalty very early or reaps the rewardif woman will forgive the hintlater. Why He Disliked Spelling Reform. Senator F. Dumont Smith of Kins ley lectured on "Words" in Wichita, Kan., a few nights ago. He is for spelling reform, and in advocating it in his lecture said that he knew of only one argument in favor of the old way and that was given by an Eng lish bishop who declared that the present method of spelling helped the churches. According to the bishop: "By the time you can make a boy be lieve that 't-h-r-o-u-ga' spells through,' that 't-h-o-u-g-h' spells 'though' and 't-o-u-g-h' spells 'tough' you can make him believe anything." Motor Cars in Switzerland. Should the experiments in progress in the neighborhood of Berne prove as successful as is anticipated travelers to Switzerland in the summer of this year will be able to cross the moun tains by motor car instead of the usual post diligence. The actual trials will be made in tne spring, and the result, if successful, will be not only to allow travelers to make the differ ent journeys in half the time, but to open the mountain roads, which are at present closed to them on account of the horses. Much Money in Tramp-s Clothes. A lot of young fellows in an Ohio town had a good time with a tramp last week. They took him into a shed, gave him a good bath, shaved him and cut his hair. They then bought a new suit of clothes, white shirt and stand-up collar and dressed him out complete. But when they attempted to burn his hobo clothes he objected and fought for them with such des peration their suspicions were aroused, and upon searching they found $1,400 sewed up in the coat. Girl an Excellent Athlete. Miss Agnes S. Wood, the champion basket ball player and all-around ath lete of Vassar college, has beaten the girls' record at running and almost equaled that of men, despite the fact that her gait was somewhat impeded by a rather cumbrous costume. She does not allow athletics to interfere with her studies and will graduate near the head of her class. Few Automobiles in Washington. Official Washington does not take kindly to the automobile and very few persons in the executive or dip lomatic service are seen in vehicles other than carriages. The president is too fond of horses ever to take up the craze. He has always shown a preference for surreys and seldom drives out of town in any other kind of vehicle. Writer Recommends Dipping the Ver min in Varnish. All tradesmen being liable to the incursions and depredations of rats, it may not be out of place to mention a method of getting rid of these pests which is recommended by a corres pondent of the Birmingham Daily Post. This consists in thinning down with petroleum ordinary slow-drying tar varnish such as bedstead makers and japanners use and pouring the mixture into the runs of the rats. The vermin are said to loathe the smell of the stuff, and will do any thing to get clear of it. A still more effective plan is said to he to catch a rat alive, dip it up to the neck in the varnish and turn it loose. Its fel lows will flee from it as from the de'il. The dipping process is said to be harmless to the rat. But some ironmongers may not care to "dip a live rat up to its neck." A GOOD PLACE TO BE "AT." Incongruity of Surroundings in a Wild Country. One of the Etrangest sights I ever saw in a wild country was a little min ister garbed in solemn black, white "dog" collar, buttonlese vest and stiff black straw hat The dominie was standing in a leaky boat in the midst of a primeval woods, fishing the boil ing waters of a mountain torrent. At his back a cataract roared and pounded the rocks, churning the water to white suds above him the eternal snow glistened on the mountains, and but a few yards away a gaunt cinna mon bear was quietly nosing among the driftwood.Dan Beard in the World's Work. Here's a New "Drink" Cure. A. novel remedy for the "drink hab it"or, rather, for enabling those who have "sworn off" to remain "on the water cart"consists of ice water drunk through a raw potato. Take a bowl of ice water and a pota to. Peel the potato and cut down one end of it until it can be easily insert ed in the mouth. Dip the potato in the ice water and suck it every time a craving for strong drink comes on. It is claimed that this treatment will effect an absolute cure. The why and the wherefore are not stated, but the process is s"ch a simple one that there can be no harm in trying it if any on* is afflicted with a thirst which they really and truly desire to lose. To Cut Record Diamond. In Amsterdam a syndicate has been formed which will bear the great ex pense and risk attending the cutting of what is the largest known diamond, the Excelsior. The Excelsior was found at the Jagersfontein diamond mines of South Africa In 1893. It has the size of a hen's egg and weighs in its present raw state 970 carats, which is nearly twice as much as the Kohi noor weighed boforo it was roducod to its present size. Specially con structed machinery has to be em ployed fop cutting the Excelsior and great care is used in insuring its safe ty from theft. Luncheon a Decided Success. A lady in Buda-Pesth recently gave a charitable luncheon party to the poor of her district. She placed no limit on the number of invitations, and the result was that 3,000 people arrived, all eager for the treat. Eventually' the police had to draw their sabers to keep order among the revelers. Tfoere were no two opin ions about the success of the func tion. The guests to a man declared that they had never assisted at so in tense and exciting a luncheon before in their lives. They were quite cut up when the time came to go. Remarkable Sea Monster. A remarkable sea monster was re cently caught in Port Fairy bay by some flishermen. It measured nine feet six Inches in length, had a tail like that of a screw tail-shaft, no teeth, a nose like a rhinoceros, a head like an elephant, two dorsal fins, four side fins and two steering fins. The skin was black and very soft. The most experienced fishermen say the specimen is altogether new to them. They cannot hazard a guess as to the species. The fish has been sent on to the Melbourne museum. Corean a College Graduate. Roanoke college at Salem, Va., which has had more foreign students than any other college- in the south, will this year graduate the second Corean to take the degTee of bachelor of arts anywhere In the world, the first being Kin Beung Surb, who re ceived his A. B. at Roanoke in 1898 and his A. M. at Princeton in 1899. Kinsic Klmm, who will be graduated this year, is so good a speaker that he won a prize in declamation several years ago. From Immense Wealth to Poverty. George Kettler, an aged cobbler who died recently in Argentine. Kan., at one time was worth $12,000,000. Kettler was of German birth, and dur ing the Franco-Prussian war operated a large shoe factory in Hanover. Profitable army contracts swelled his fortune to the figure named, but he lost everything in speculation. Then he came to this country penniless to begin life anew. Woman's Logic. As one phase of life this is interest ing. A woman was overheard to re mark to her companion: "Yes, she was terribly sore about that day she lest $45 on the races." "What did phe do it for?" asked the man. "Why, she must have some fun she works so 1-ard all the rest of the time." THE TRAINING OF A CHILD. I Several Important Points That Must Be Remembered. To tB&ch a child with success re quires only common sense, good judg ment and gentleness. There are, how ever, three other important points that must ever be foremost in the mind of the teacher. First of all, she must remember that to teach is to impart instruction not to find fault with ignorance, with lack of comprehension, with listlessness or with forgetfulness. Often, indeed, for these last named faults, poor teaching is to blame. Second, there' is the inflexible rule that requires a teacher to prepare every lesson carefully be fore giving it, in order to present it in an interesting and intelligible way. Third, there is the ever present dan ger of overdoing, against which the teacher must always be on guard. In the beginning short lessons fre quently varied give the best results. Ten or fifteen minutes for each study is enough, and this time limit must not be overstepped so long as to morrow represents another day.The Household. VITALITY OF BURNS' FAME. It Is One of the Great Facts of Our Literature. "The inquest" on Robert Burns was concluded long ago, but from time to time the findings are reviewed by crit ical writers, as in a recent symposium, says Collier's. A curious result thus chances. From every such inquisition the poet emerges the more radiant and triumphalthe critics are lost in the splendor they have evoked. It is one thing to make literature it is another and quite different thing to write about literature and the makers thereof. This is a truism, and yet the distinction is often confused, especially by the writ ers of criticism. Burns has survived several generations of critics, many of whom made a vain bid for remem brance by their praise or dispraise of him. The vitality of his fame is one of the great facte of our literature. Just an Incident in Georgia. Mr. Bud Spinks was awakened the other morning by a Strang, grunting noise in his room, which proved to be the voice of a medium-sized alligator that was warming itself by the smol dering ashes of his fireplace and inci dentally trying to swallow his boots, which he had placed there to dry, and which he had bought on the install ment plan and had only made one pay ment on them. The saurian had suc ceeded in swallowing one boot and had the other downclear to the straps, which Mr. Spinks seized and pulled it out The 'gator is now on exhibition at Minche's drug store, but will soon be slain in order that Mr. Spinks, who is going around with one boot and one slipper, may recover the other boot.Adams Enterprise. The Roentgen Rays.Failed. Hearing of tho offioaey of the Roentgen rays for the removal of hairs from the upper lip a lady in Hanover, age thirty-five, applied to Dr. Karl Bruno Schurmayer, a prop erly qualified doctor and Roentgen ray specialist, for treatment He operated twice, but instead of remov ing the su erfluous hairs the opera tion resulted' in the skin of the face becoming red and the lips swollen. The lady thereupon brought an action against the doctor and was awarded $G0 damages, against whicn he appealed, but the decision has just been upheld. The Development of Africa. In Ethiopia and 'the Soudan, the work of development and exploitation is progressing. The treaty recently concluded between King Menelek and the British government probably means the early construction of the Eerber-Suakin railroad via Kassala (costing some $15,000,000) and the subsequent extension of the Kassala line southward to Lake Rudolph, where eventually it will form a Junc tion with the Uganda railway, at the same time marking a long step toward the realization of the Cape-to-Cairo scheme. This Lunch Was a Success. A lady Budapest recently gave a charitable lunch party to the poor of her district. She placed no limit on I the number of invitations, and the re suit was that 3,000 people arrived, all eager for the treat Eventually the police had to draw their sabers to keep order among the revelers. There were no two opinions about the success of the function. The guests to a man declared they had never assisted in so intense and exciting a lunch before in their lives. They were quite cut up when the time came to go. Different After Five Years. William Glackins, who admires Whistler, cited the other day two let ters written by a collector of etchings to a certain print seller. Between the letters there was an interval of five years. The first said: "I do not want etchings by Whistler. They impress me as if flies that had fallen In an Ink well had walked on old paper." The second letter said: "Send me every etching by Whistler the price of which is not ruinous."Philadelphia Record. Got It. At the close of the third act the gifted tragedian was called before the curtain. "My friends,-' R0YALT he said, ap parently much astonished and embar rassed, "your kindness overwhelms me. I have striven conscientiously to win your approval, but I was not pre pared for so magnificent a welcome and in the suprlse of the moment I find myself utterlyI hesitate for want of a suitable word "Rats!" shouted a gallery hoodlum. A TH E RECEPTION Wearisome Duties Imposed on Those in High Position. How royalty and their suites ever manage to survive those weary hours of standing Is always a mystery to me, says "The Countess," In the London Outlook. "Yoti get used to it in time," say the maids of honor, but ap parently not till they have been car ried out two or three times in a faint do the gentlemen-at-arms tightly but toned up in uniforms and smothered in helmete get used to the ordeal. It is within the memory of many how in Dublin a certain distinguished viceroy In the middle of a drawing room gave the order to close the doors, and having cleared the room the entire viceregal party sat down on the floor In various stages of collapse, and I often wonder how it is that our own king and queen are not similarly overcome on these occasions. Royal ty is the best paid profession, but as suredly, it must be also the most wearing. THE JOKE OF A KING. Historic Hoax Perpetrated by Gusta vus III. of Sweden. King Gustavus III. of Sweden had been frequently invited to the little court of Schwerin. In 1783 he paid a visit to Germany and as soon as the Duchess of Mecklenburg heard of his approach she prepared fetes in his honor. But Gustavus, who disdained the petty courts of the small rulers, sent two of his attendantsa page named Peyron, and Desvouges, a valet who had formerly been an actorto be entertained by the duchess. The two personated the king and his minister, Baron Sparre, and sustained the char acters throughout. They accepted as their due all the homage meant for their master, danced with the Mecklen burg ladies who wee presented to them, and Peyron went so far as to ask one of the ladies for her portrait. Meantime Gustavus was enjoying him self elsewhere in secret. Overlooked a Detail. A Long Island farmer came to Brooklyn with his wife to do some shopping the other day. On his way back the thought came to him that he had forgotten something. He took out his notebook and went over each i'tera, checking it off, and saw that he had made all the purchases he intend ed. As he drove on he could not put aside the feeling that there was some thing missing. He again took out his notebook and rechecked every item, but still found no mistake. He did this several times, but could not rid himself of the idea that he must have forgotten something. When he reached home and drove up to the house his daughter came out to meet him, and, with a look of surprise, asked: "Why, papa, where is moth er?"Mail and Express. The Long-sufrermg Editor. A Queensland contemporary re cently published the following: "Our foreman printer recently measured up the space occupied by obituary notices in the Herald during the last couple of months or so, and found it made three and three-quarters yards. This is so much dead loss to the pa per, and if a fatal epidemic struck the town ruin would stare us in the face. We have, therefore, decided to future to charge for such notices. So, when people feel like dying, we hope they will give directions to their next of kin in respect of paying for the same." Painting the Dome of the Capitol. The dome of the capitol at Wash ington is being painted. Every five years its coat is renewed and 15,000 gallons of white lead are used in the process. The work is being done by eighteen men, under the direction of "Billy" Lewis and "Al" Ports. The latter has been employed for such work about the capitol for thirty-nine years. Ports is the only man who ever climbed to the top of the Statue of Liberty surmounting the dome. He did this on Labor day, 1894, and fas tened a garland of electric light bulbs a'round the neck of her majesty. Congo Road for Motor Cars. The Congo Free State government is enstructing a road in the northern part of the state for the transport of passengers and goods by means of motor cars. The new route, of which nearly 450 miles have been completed, will join the important trading centers of Dongu and Lado. While making the road a local engineer hit upon the happy idea of driving forty elephants up and down the projected highway until the thick undergrowth was trampled down, allowing the natives to complete the task. No Royal Road. St. Clair McKelway believes that the journalism of the future will be a profession and that men will be espe cially educated for It. They are and always have been. Did that important and valuable member of the profes sion never hear of "the hard school of journalism?" There Is no-other, and never will be, worth a pinch of snuff, in our humble estimation. The uni versity of experience is the one which gives the real degrees in journalism. Was Always Running. The Duke of Argyll tells this story of Winston Churchill, which shows that the talent for talk developed young in the author and member of parliament. Some years ago he visit ed Harrow, and noticing a boy run ning around the cricket field all by himself asked what he was doing it for. "That's Lord Randolph Church ill's son, and whenever he talks too much we make him run three times round the cricket field." r^5 Kicked to Death by Horses. Cedar Falls, Iowa, July 29. Vent Howard, a young man from Cincinnati visiting here, was instantly killed on the F. D. Pierce farm. He was assist ing in haying, when the horses kicked him down and trampled him to death. Turns Consul Down. Caracas, July 29.President Castro has refused to grant the exequatur of the Spanish consul because of domes tic matters which caused dissatisfac tion, and the disapproval of the for eign ministers, including Mr. Bowen. For Those With Stomach Habit, A Philadelphia baker is authority for tie assertion that the latest fad of dyspeptics is bread made with'Sea water, instead of fresh water. "It has a saltier taste," he says, "than we are accustomed to, but it is very palatable. In fact, he who likes salty things is apt to like it better than the other kind of bread. A physician asked'me about three morths ago to make some of this bread for his patients. At first I made sis loaves a day, hut now I make thirty. My sea water comes up to me from Atlantic City three times a week. The dys peptics who buy the bread say It is the only kind they can eat frssh without discomfort" REED & KNUTSer.17 Blacksmith and Wago Makers BEMIDJI, MINNESOTA EED & KNUTSON have opened a blacksmith and wagon shop one door south of The Pioneer, and are prepared to handle any and all work in their line and guarantee satisfaction to all comers. Mr. Reed makes a specialty of horseshoeing and general blacksmith work, and his work is too well known to need any introduction to the people of this vicinity. Mr. Knutson has been in the employ of the St. Hilaire Lumber company for four years, and comes well recommended by that company. Give the new firm a chance to show you what they can do, and youwill not be disappointed REED & KNUTSON Second door south of postoffice, BEMIDJI, MINN. C. D. Steece The Sign Man Is here to stay, and is prepared to do all kinds of nTj-to-date Painting, Paperhang ing, Free Hand Relief Work, Kalsomin ing, Etc AL WOR IS GUARANTEE DON'T FORGET TO SEE HIM BEFORE LETTING YOUR JOB. HE CAN SAVE YOU MONEY. LEAVE ORDERS AT BEAUDETTE'S TAILOR SHOP. C. D. STEECE THE SIGN MAN BEMIDJI, MINN. First Class Sample Room. Choicest Brands. Mac's Mint Geo. McTaggart Prop. Choice Wines, Liquors and Cigars. Beltrami Avenue. Bemidji, Minn. Subscribe for the Daily and Weekly Pioneer The two best papers printed between Crookston and Duluth Full of Absentees, There was a larger attendance than usual in the "Axner corner" at the Fifth Avenue hotel last night, smd these we-e some of the Interesting stories told: "Judge Gildersleeve," re marked George W. Wanamaker, "was telling the other night of a laughable 'bull' made by Mai. Leach, once fa mous as the head of the Irish rifle team. The Judge was visiting in Ire land and remarked: 'Major, is it true that much of the trouble in this little country of yours is caused by ab sentee landlords?' 'It is, sir,' re sponded the major. 'Sure, OUT little is land is full of them.'"-New York Mail and Express. The One Thing Wrong* A foreigner went into one of Bos ton'g bin hotels one Sunday morning not long ago and asked for a typical Boston breakfast. After some con ference with the head waiter an espe cially nice breakfast was served, in cluding of course codfish balls, brown bread and pork and beans. The visitor ate with apparent relish, but after some minutes summoned his man "These beans are delicious," he said, "and the coffee could not be better, but"pointing to the codfish ball "you may remove the little bun. There apneari to be aomething dead in It" i I