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HOW NOME WAS NAMED.
Insignificant Error Which Deter mined Its Appellation. There Is to be a considerable rush for Nome next month, if one may be lieve what one hears among mining men. Tnere is no more sensational Ism, but plenty of effort and inten tion. Men are going there who have thought over the situation very seri ously since the wild craze of a few years ago, and they will go prepared for hardships and disappointment. How was Nome named? By a man on the Herald, one of the Franklin rescue ships. When tne manuscript chart of the Cape Nome region was constructed attention was called to the fact, that the cape had no name 'by the'insertion of this"? name?" The interrogation point was inked In 1 a draughtsman as a "C." and the "a" In "name" being indistinct he Interpreted is as an "o" hence "G. Nome"Cape Nome." This little ro mance occurred in 1853. What's in a name? Nome.New lork Press. "JACK HARKAWAY" COMING BACK Story That Thrilled the Boys of a Gen eration Ago. I For a regular thriller commend me *to "Jack Harkaway." Thirty-five years ago this sensational bit of fic tion exercised a greater influence on the character of the average boy of 10 to 15 than father, mother and the Ten Commandments. It was devoured by millions on both sides of the water. "Jack" was the ideal of the youth of all English-speaking countries. I see that it has been started again for a long run in a periodical that claims 1,250,000 circulation. Bracebridge Hemyng died in 1901. He wrote not only "Jack Harkaway," but forty-odd volumes of readable fiction, yet you will look in vain for his name in "John- son's," "Appleton's," "Chambers'," the "International" and the "Standard" .cyclopedias, and in the "Ridpath Li brary of University Literature." The editors of all such works seem to make it a habit to leave out just what one wants to know.New York Press, Mayor Cleared the Sidewalk Himself. They tell a story of Mayor Studley In New Haven that is characteristic. He was walking along Church street one day when he found the way blocked by a "hog" of a builder who had filled the sidewalk with cement and planks, forcing everybody out into the street. The mayor picked up the planks himself and threw them into the street and rolled the cement after them. He left word with a near-by po liceman that if that sidewalk was obstructed again the builder would be arrested. Some men can do that sort of thing without diminishing their dig nity and greatly to the increase of their popularity. Studley is one of those men.Waterbury (Conn.) Amer ican. Plague of Wolves. Wolves are still the scourge of the Russian peasantry. During the present winter they have succeeded in de stroying 16,000 head of cattle in one district of eastern Russia alone. In the governments of Novgorod, Tver, Olonetsk and Archangel and in Fin land these animals are met with in great numbers. The frequently be come such a plague that the govern ment orders them to be hunted down by entire companies of soldiers, who surround the woods in which they dwell and afterward shoot them down in considerable numbers. Doom of Buzzard. The buzzards that have long infest ed Vera Cruz and served a useful pur pose as winged scavengers are doomed. A London firm is putting in a modern sewer and water system. The birds have become so numerous that they are a pest. The protection of the municipality has been removed and when the new drainage system shall be completed the city will be rid of the pest, the numbers of which have already been reduced somewhat by catching the buzzards and placing them in wooden cages to be taken to the sea and drowned. Opulence at the Capital. Old-fashioned residents of Wash ington deplore the fact that social life there is taking on many of the objec tionable features which characterize the "rude and rich" New York set. It it believed that some of this is due to the fact that the president hails from New York, the Roosevelts being allied with many families notable on Man hattan island. Opulence at the capital is making great display in equipages, luncheons, dinners, cances, etc., and its coming to be understood that now adays money not only talks, it howls. The Prodigy. The infant prodigy had thrown her self on the floor and was vigorously biting holes in the matting, while her toes drummed a quick march of fierce anger and her shrieks rent the air. "What in the world!" exclaimed the prodigy's keeper, in alarm. "Here is a newspaper account of m*3 which neg lects to say that I am 'utterly unspoil ed with all my popularity,' wailed the prodigy as it continued to scream and kick.Los Angeles herald. Chance for Every Old Thing. WantedMr. Edgar Hogan wants a wife. He is not particular about what kind most any old thing will doan old maid or some brisky young miss. Any unmarried lady that wants to get a husband should write Mr. Hogan, or see him at his office or home. Hia postoffice is Bethany. His office is anywhere on the square at Bethany. Bis home is on Big Creek, five miles north of Betnany.Bethany (Mo.) OwL HOW HE MIGHT L08E. Millionaire Could Not See Why He Should Buy Burial Lot. Not long ago a prominent financier, whose most prominent characteristic, according to the popular opinion, is close-flstedness, was the recipient of a visit from an agent whose line it is to solicit orders for burial lots. On emerging from the private office of the moneyed man the agent was met by a colleague who had been waiting for him, and who inquired anxiously as to the success of his in terview. The agent shook his head regretful ly. "No go," said he "he was afraid he might not get the full value of his investment." "What could he mean by saying that? Confound it, a man must die some time, even though he is a mil lionaire." "That's what I told him," replied the agent, "but he only answered, 'Suppose I should be lost at sea?' SWISS PASTORS KEEP INNS. Are Forced Thus to Supplement Their Scanty Incomes. A note from Geneva states that a fortnight or so ago a Swiss pastor bought an inn at Ufhusen, a little vil lage near Basel. This- is said not to be an exceptional case. In the can tons of Upper and Lower Unterwalden and Uri many.of the clergy are propri etors of inns. The reason for this is that the priests are so badly paid that they are obliged to supplement their incomes by other means. Their aver age income in Switzerland is $125 a year. The establishments under their control are said to be models of their kind. The priests have succeeded in reducing drunkenness in their par ishes, for they attend on their custom ers in person, refusing to serve those who they consider have had enough. "The Author Of "Have you noticed," said the tall girl, "that in several new books the writer is described as 'the outhor of' and then follows a list of books begin ning with' the. one immediately pre ceding the present production and run ning back to the earliest period? I have in mind now the case of Mrs. Ward in particular. 'Lady Rose's Daughter' is by the outhor of 'Elean- oc,' 'Tressady' and 'Robert Elsemere.' A year or so ago the previous books have been enumerated in chronolog ical order, 'Elsmere' heading the list 'Eleanor' ending it. I wonder if that way of putting the cart before the horse is a fad among publishers these days, or is it merely a coincidence that I have noticed several cases of the kind within the last few weeks?" Coroner's Jury's Qualified Verdict. During the landlord and tenant dis turbance In Ireland some years ago a certain property owner was discov ered lying dead near a village of which he was owner. The coroner's jury, knowing full well that the man had been shot down by "the boys," were nevertheless loath to further in vestigate therefore they rendered the following verdict: "We find the de ceased gentleman died by the visita tion of Godunder suspicious circum stances." Philadelphia Public Ledger. Faking Used Stamps. Rogues in this country are gener ally about as artful as we desire them bu evidentlty they have some- thing to learn ye from the heathen i Chinee. In West Java Ah Sin man ages to cheat the postoffice very in geniously. On sticking a new stamp i on an envelope he smears the stamp on the face with paste or a thin glue, This takes the impression of the de- i facing stamp at the postoffice, and can easily be washed off, so that the stamp is once more serviceable. Heaven Had Its Limits. There was once a Boston woman, says Congressman Powers of Massa chusetts, who had afternoon teas, be longed to a Browning club, fell ill, and finally died. When she had been in heaven some days her husband called her up through a spiritualist. "Well, my dear," inquired the husband, "how do you like heaven?" "Very well," she replied. "We have afternoon teas here, and also a Browning club. But, after all, Henry, it's not Boston."New York Times. Bits About the Moon. If there were a "man in the moon" the earth would look sixty-four times larger to him than the sun does Jo us on earth. The surface area of the moon is about as great as that of Asia and Australia combined. Once in twelve and a half years there is a "moonless month that it, the moon has no full moon. The last moonless month fell in 1898 and the next one will fall In 1911. Amethysts in High Favor. Amethysts are in high favor. Some times they are set in gold, but oftener in gun metal. They are seen as sash pins, belt buckles, long chains, as well as in the tops of purses and wrist bags. One woung woman is the envy of her associates by reason of a superb heart-shaped locket composed of a single deep hearted amethyst which she wears dangling from a gold snake chain. Consequences. Once on a time a Prudent Girl met a Frivolous Girl. "Don't you know, my dear," she said, "that if you con tinue wearing a veil that you will spoil your eyesight?" "I saw that in a medical journal," replied the Friv olous Girl, "and I would have followed its advice only.I happened to read in my Beauty Book that if I didn't wear a veil I would spoil my complexion." CLEANLINE33 AS A VICE. Young Matron Criticises Methods of Her Mother-in-Law. "Cleanliness is next to godliness, I know," paid the yourg matron whose mother-in-law lives with her, "but there is such a thing as carrying It too far, I think. Now, my husband's mother is fearfully ar.d wonderfully neat. In fact, at times I feci that to live in a pigpen would be a relief. From mornii till night there is noth ing but clean, clean, clean. Bits of carpet are laid in the places most likely to trip you up. These are in tended to keep the floor underneath free from stain and then the carpets are taken up and the floor underneath scrubbed as carefully as if it had not been protected all the tine. You can not imagine just, how trying It is. But the other day she reached the limit. She came in, took off her shoes, care fully washed them and set them out to dry! Think of it! It's a wonder she did not wash her hat." STRENGTH OF MEN AND OXEN. Bulk for Bulk, the Former Are the Stronger. Few people know that a man, bulk for bulk, is stronger than an ox, but it appears that such is the case. The matter was tested not long since at a fair in America, one of the attractions of which was a congest of a yoke of oxen against an equal weight of men. A drag was loaded with gran'te blocks, weighing In the aggregate 4,959 pounds. The yoke of oxen that made the trial weighed 3,220 pounds, and twenty men, allowing 160 pounds to the man, were set against them. The men took hold of the drag first, and easily walked off with it, covering a distance of 95 feet in the space of two minutes. The oxen at their trial moved only eighty-five feet in the same length of time, and the men were accordingly i declared winners.Pearson's Weekly. Governor Saves Boy's Life. It is fortunate for one Georgia youth that Gov. Garvin of Rhoie Island is a physician and surgeon of standing. The governor and a number of north ern friends were at Andersonville to attend the dedication of a monument in memory of Rhode Island soldiers who died in Andersonville prison. While the exercises were in progress a carriage team took fright, ran away and upset the vehicle. Edwin Calla way, one of *he occupants, had his leg broken, the jagged bone severing an artery. Gov. Garvin, on hearing of the boy's plight, hurried to his help, tied the severed artery and cut the broken bone, just in time to save the sufferer from bleeding to death. Bank's Burglar Trap Didn't Work. In its account of the recent bank burglary at Allen, the Emporia (Kan.) Gazette explains that the trap set by the bank for robbers did not work. The trap in question is unique enough to be interesting. "Above the vault," says the Gazette, "was a thin ceiling and about a ton of sand above it. This was there in case cracksmen should attempt to blow open the safe, when the ceiling would burst at the explosion and the sand fill the vault, making it impossible to get at the safe. However, the ceiling did not burst and the sand remains undis turbed.Kansas City (Mo.) Journal. Chorus Girls of Wealth. Among the twenty girls who took part in an amateur comic opera per formance in Philadelphia the other evening were fifteen whose fathers are millionaires. It is said that the girls In question represented some $40,000,000. The affair was the big gest event among the Hebrews of Philadelphia for twenty years. A trainload of wealthy New Yorkers went over specially to take part in or witness the performance, which was given under the auspices of the Mer cantile club. Brave Sailor Soon Forgotten. Discouragingly tardy progress is be ing made with the proposed monument to Rear Admiral James E. Jorrett. It was thought that the gallant conduct and wide popularity of the admiral would have called forth generous re sponse to the committee's appeal, but that expectation has not been realized. The headquarters of the association are in Washington and Rear Admiral A. E. K. Benham is chairman of a committee having the matter in imme diate charge. The Ones That Suffered. An aged Scotch minister, who was very boastful, says ex-Speaker Joseph L. Barbour of the Connecticut legisla ture, once said to his good friend. "Think of it! I preached two hours and twenty minutes last Sunday!" "Didn't it weary you very much?" in quired the other solicitously. "Oh, no," said thre minister. "But you should have seen the congregation!"New York Times. One Point of View. "I am very much afraid that you do not appreciate the spirit of a free country," "Oh, yes I do," answered the man who had recently landed in New York, in a dialect which it is needless to reproduce. "What do you understand by a free country?" "It is a place where you are free to do as you choose if you manage to get on the police force." Had Had Opportunity. Two gociety buds at the Waldorf Astoria were commenting upon the marriage of Mrs. Lewis Rutherfurd to William K. Vanderbilt. "It's a fine match." said one "the bride certainly belongs to the Upper Ten." "She ought to," was the tart answer, "she's mar 'Hed three of them!"Now York Times. HE 80LD HIS HEAD. Peculiar Condition In Which Wealthy Russian Finds Himself. A curious story comes from Russia about a man who sold his head. About the year 1865 tnere lived a man at Keff with an enormous head. A Rus sian scientist, Prof. Walker, in order to secure the head for scientific pur poses, bought it from its possessor for 500 roubles. The condition of sale was that it should only be delivered after the man's decease but when the transaction got abroad a great scandal was created. The professor, however, stuck to his bargain, and the big head applied itself to business. Fortune smiled on the latter he fell heir to -a big -fortune, and' their he began to feel uncomfortable at the thought that the head belonged to an other. He went to the professor, offer ed him 1,000, 1,500, even 2,000 roubles if only he would give him back the absolute ownership of his headpiece. But the professor heid out, and for aught that is known to the contrary he is still holding out.Pearson's Week ly. TO CURE A COLD. Uncle Allen Sparks Knew of Many Infallible Remedies. "Uncle Allen," asked the young man, "do you know anything that's good for a cold?" Mr. Allen Sparks opened his desk, took from one of the pigeonholes a large number of newspaper clippings tied with a string, and threw it over to him. "Do I know of anything that is good for a cold?" he echoed. "My boy, I know of six hundred and twenty-seven infallible ways of curing a cold. I've been collecting them for forty-nine years. You try these, one after the other, and if they don't do you any good,''come back and I will give you one hundred and sixteen more. Bless me!" added Mr. Sparks with enthu siasm, you can always cure a cold if you go about it the right way." He dug up a bundle of yellow, time stained clippings out of another pig eonhole and the visitor hastily left. Good Word for Mosquito. The announcement comes from Washington that the New Jersey mos quito is really a blessing in disguise. Not only is its bite not dangerous, but, it is asserted, this voracious in sect destroys poisonous immigrants of its genus that come from the south to threaten people with malaria, yel low fever and the like. All this may be true enough, but it is not likely that the long^billed New Jersey variety will be cultivated as household pets until some way is devised to muzzle them during their working hours. Few of us can stand the loss of blood nec essary for their salubrity.Indianap olis News. Necklace Ay/gits an Owner. A strange story is told about a dia mond necklace which was found at one of the English court balls some years ago. One of the late queen's ladies in-waiting picked up a diamond neck lace from the floor. A lady came for ward and claimed it. The finder, how ever, declared it was her duty to give it in to the lord chamberlain's office, as this was the rule with regard to anything found In the palace. The lady protested in vain, but the oddest thing was that this necklace never was claimed, and is probably still at the lord chamberlain's office. Hare as a Universal Provider. In the economy of /nature the hare is the one creature' that stands be tween most of the carnivorous animals and starvation. In the northern woods where snow lies on the ground for more than half the year, and where vegetation is of slow growth, the hare serves as a machine for converting birch twigs into muscular, lean meat, and providing it in such quantities that hawks, owls, wildcats, weasels and foxes can live in comparative luxury. A pair of hares under favor able conditions produce 70,000 indi viduals in four years. Cats to Kill Prairie Dogs. The owners of an enormous sheep ranch in Montana suffer so much loss from the consumption by prairie dogs of the tender shoots of grass, that they have determined to import cats enough to exterminate the dogs. The first company of 100 cats is being re cruited at St. Paul. A facetious writer in the New York Post shows anxiety for the future of the cats, their work being accomplished. He says if they do kill the prairie dogs they will have the choice, subsequently, of starva Uon, cannibalism or brigandage. A Healthy Spot. The healthfulness of a certain sum mer resort is advertised by this story. Recently a visitor began to talk to an old resident of the town in question and asked him his age, whereupon he said: "I am just over seventy." "Well," said the visitor, "you look as if you had a good many years to live yet At what age did your father die?" "Father dead?" said the man, look ing surprised. "Father isn't dead why, he's upstairs Just now putting grandfather to bed!" A Real Bargain. "In time," said the struggling artist, "that painting will be of great value. All you have to do is to tuck it away in an attic somewhere and keep it for about 200 years, by which time I will have become on of the old masters. Then you can sell It easily for $10,000. You see, I know the rules, but unfortanatery I am not in a finan cial position to carry tham out. So, if you want a real bargain, HI let you have tnis tittle gem to* fl^O." L&l How the Census Was Taken. The last census in the United States was taken with the aid of 311 tabu lating machines, and 74 adding ma chines. Plerpont Morgan's Success. Pierpont Morgan, who celebrated his sixty-sixth birthday iccently, achieved his greatest business suc cesses since he reached the three score mirk. He first became promi nent in th financial world about twenty .-ea3 ago. when he went to i Europe and successfully sold $25,000,- 000 wortfc of New York Central stock. Vhis made the old financiers gasp. By this piece of work Mr. Morgan won Iho "".sting friendship of the late William rx. Vanderbilt and incidentally cleared $1,000,000 for himselt Missed His Calling. An Italian has been discovered on a fruit ranch at Riverside, working for $1.50 per day, who proves to be an artist in sculpture of the highest rank, and he has been set to work completing the stucco finishing of the Interior of the Carnegie library build ing. name is Luigi Ianni, and the only words in English he can txse are "You bet." He is now at work on some Corinthian columns of original des*gn that are marvels as works of art.Los Angeles Herald. REED & KNUTS0N Blacksmith and Wago Makers BEMIDJI, MINNESOTA EED & KNUTSON have opened a blacksmith and wagon shop one door south of The Pioneer, ani are prepared to handle any and all work in their line and guarantee satisfaction to all comers. Mr. Reed makes a specialty of horseshoeing and general blacksmith work, and his work is too well known to need any introduction to the people of this vicinity. Mr. Knutson has been in the employ of the St. Hilaire Lumber company for four years, and comes well recommended by that company. Give the new firm a chance to show you what they can do, and you will not be disappointed REED & KNUTSON Second door south of postoffice, BEMIDJI, MINN. C. D. Steece The Sign Man Is here to stay, and is prepared to do all kinds of uD-to-date Painting, Paperhang ing, Free Hand Relief Work, Kalsomin ing, Etc AL WOR IS GUARANTEED DON'T FORGET TO SEE HIM BEFORE LETTING YOUR JOB. HE CAN SAVE YOU MONEY. LEAVE ORDERS AT BEAUDETTES TAILOR SHOP. C. D. STEECE THE SIGN MAX BEMIDJI, MINN. jyjvt-v-v-JwtjiiF-v-jvt-vt-v-v-^^F^yi^vy *n\ First Class Sample Room. Choicest Brands. Mac's Mint Geo. MeTaggart Prop. Choice Wines, Liquors and Cigars: Beltrami Avenue. Bemidji, Minn. Subscribe for tiie Daily and Weekly Pioneer The two best papers printed between Crookston and Duhith PILARIA 13 A NEW DISEASE. Responsible for the Death ofMsry American Soldiers. Capt Charles Kieeffer, a United States army surgeon, says the Phil ippines are infested with mosquitoes more troublesome ar^ dangerous from a medical point of view than those that swarm in the Jersey swamps. A strange malady known as filaria is traced directly to them, and is com mon among the American soldiers quartered on the islands. Soldiers contract the disease by drinking water from stagnant pools in which the mosquitoes have laid their eggs. The first Indication of fllarla ap pears in the form of a worm in the victim's thorax. This develops into elephantiasis, which causes the pa tient terrible pains, accompanied by a constant cough. The sufferer is worst at night, and the patient be comes a prey to insomnia. The only remedy lies in an opera tion, which in itself is dangerous and rarely successful. If the worm, which Is a female, is injured and dies through the operation, its poison gets into the blood, the disease is increased a thousandfold and the chances of re covery are small. Derivation of the Word "Gin." The word "fin" is not derived from Geneva, but from "genievre," the French word for juniper.