OCR Interpretation

Red Lake news. [volume] (Red Lake, Minn.) 1912-1921, September 15, 1912, Image 1

Image and text provided by Minnesota Historical Society; Saint Paul, MN

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn90059061/1912-09-15/ed-1/seq-1/

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To all Disbursing Officers of the Indian Ser
vice :
To make more effective in operation the
official requirement of thumb-mark signa
tures by Indians who can not write, Indian
Office Circular No. 236, dated September 2,
1908, and a supplement thereto,, dated April
4, 1911, approved by the Department on
April 7, 1911, are hereby revoked and this
circular substituted therefor:
Hereafter every Indian who can not write
his name will be required to sign all checks,
receipts on annuity or other rolls, and all
other official papers, and to indorse all
checks or warrants covering Indian money
by making an imprint of the ball of his right
thumb (or of left in case of loss of right).
This imprint must be clear and distinct,
showing the central whorl and striations,
and such thumb marks must be witnessed by
(JAN WRITE, their names fo be followed by
addresses and occupations. Whenever pos
sible one of the witnesses must be an em
ploye of the government or a member of the
! r-i: ■.
To make a proper thumb mark the per
son should place his thumb firmly, but not
too heavily, on an ordinary ink pad, such as
is used for rubber stamps ,and then on the
paper. When an impression is blurred or
not plain for any reason, another should be
taken, in order that the mark may be abso
lutely clear. The words “his mark” or “her
mark” should be written above, below, or
opposite the thumb impression in such a
way as to make the identification absolute.
Too much pressure should not be made
either on the pad or on the paper.
Before any thumb mark is recognized as
the signature of any Indian, such Indian
shall make his thumb-mark signature for
record at a time when the Indian is identi
fied beyond any doubt to the superintendent
or other officer in charge of the particular
agency having jurisdiction over the Indian
and such mark shall be certified to by the
superintendent as a correct record of such
Indian’s thumb-mark signature. A separ
ate record shall be kept in the agency office
of all thumb-mark signatures so taken.
You will post notices and copies of this
requirement for the information of banks
or of individuals who might cash an In
dian’s check or warrant. Official deposi
tories and banks holding individual Indian
moneys should receive special notice.
These thumb-marks are to be used as evi
dence in cases where questions arise as to
I he genuineness of signatures, and this re
quirement is to be strictly enforced. Any
one who cashes an Indian’s check or war
rant, or a superintendent who accepts a re
ceipt of any kind signed by mark without
such imprint, properly witnessed, does so at
II is own risk.
Approved July 17, 1912.
First Assistant Secretary.
“Save the Waste.”
Indian Denartment of Beltrami County Fair
Great Success.
Exhibits Attract Attention and Red Lake Booth
Crowded With Curious Spectators.
The following list shows names of winners of
the special prizes:
Best beaded banner—•
Mrs. Sayers s . .Ist
Mrs. Gurneau 2nd
Best beaded belt —
Mrs. John English Ist
Mrs. John English 2nd
Best beaded knapsacks—
Ben Hobson Ist
Mrs. John English 2nd
Best beaded hand bag—
Lillie Wind, Cross Lake Ist
Lillie Wind, Cross Lake 2nd
Best beaded fan chain —
Mrs. Alex Gellispi Ist
Mrs. Alex Gellispi 2nd
Best bow and arrows—
Nah-gah-na-be-tung . Ist
Nah-gah-na-be-tung 2nd
Best buckskin coat —
Barney Perkins Ist
Robert Sullivan 2nd
Best baby cradle —
Joe Jourdan . Ist
John Martin 2nd
Best Indian head dress—
John Spears, Cross Lake Ist
Mr. Strong, Red Lake 2nd
Best hand made fish net—■
Alec Jourdan Ist
Best snow shoes—
Alec •Jourdan Ist
John Martin 2nd
Best pair leggins—•
Barney Perkins, Cross Lake Ist
Mrs. John English, Red Lake 2nd
Best pair moccasins—
Barney Perkins, Cross Lake Ist
Barney Perkins, Cross Lake 2nd
Best Mokuk—
Bonj-she-nah-eke, Cross Lake Ist
Mrs. John English 2nd
Best napkin rings—
Mrs. Stillday, Cross Lake Ist
Susan Defoe, Red Lake 2nd
Best quilt—
Mrs. Isabella F. Roy Ist
J. B. Jourdan 2nd
Best rush mat —
Mrs. Hardy ...Ist
Lillie Wind .. . 2nd
Best rabbit skin blanket—
Nah-au-tub Ist
Best stone pipe—
No-din-e-be-nais, Cross Lake . ..- ....Ist
John Nebo 2nd
Best sofa pillow—
Mrs. Stillday, Cross Lake Ist
Mrs. Sayers 2nd
Best beaded watch fob —-
Mrs. John English Ist
Best hand made rug—
Maggie Jourdan Ist
Best collection Indian curios—
Mrs. John English Ist
Chief John Nebo 2nd
Greatest variety Indian exhibits—
Gay-bay- ans-ung, Cross Lake Ist
Mrs. John English -.............. .„ ..... 2nd
Wild rice in bark basket—
Mrs. Mark Hart _.. .... Ist
Best kept tepee—
Mark Hart ................. ................. Ist
Best beaded shirt—
John English ... ........ .... ............ . .... Ist
Gay-bay aus-ung .-. ... . 2nd
Best birch bark basket—
Mary Stillday—
Mrs. John English .2nd
Exhibitors from the Agency took one first and
two seconds in corn, first in beans, first in clover,
second in alfalfa, first in fodder, two sixth’s and
one eighth in potatoes, first in parsnips, second in
beets, third in rutabagas, two first in cabbage, first
in squash, second in rhubarb, first in pumpkin, and
second in vegetable display.
One of the most noticeable and commendable
facts of the county fair was that the Indians from
the Red Lake agency secured a major portion of
the prize money. They led inmany things, chiefly
among which was the agricultural exhibits. They
have proven themselves farmers of the first rank.
More will be said about the prize winners in our
next issue.
Considerable interest in agricultural pur
suits has oecii manifested on the Red luake
Reservation this year. Double the usual
crops have been grown. A greater variety
of crops has been planted than at any time
before. The efforts of the Indians the past
season are very gratifying indeed.
So far as is known, flax was planted by
some of our reservation farmers this sea
son for the first time. Their success will be
a great inducement for cultivation of larger
crops of this same article in future.
The progress made in the last two years
on the reservation by those who have at
tempted farming on a scale larger than the
ordinary garden patch has been very notice
able and wide spread interest is being
aroused. The marked success of the few
pioneers in the industry demonstrates
clearly that both soil and climate are favor
able to the industry and that we can all do
as well by good hard work and careful study
of the subject.
Special arrangements were made with the
Beltrami County Fair Association for space
in which to display the reservation farm and
garden products. This arrangement was
satisfactory to all and was enthusiastically
carried out. A very creditable showing was
made at the County Fair, in fact, we believe
that the reservation exhibits were the equal
of any other in the county. The large num
ber of premiums awarded these exhibits be
ing ample confirmation of our belief.
It is to be hoped that more interest will
be taken in stock raising, especially along
the line of dairying. We have all the natur
al facilities for keeping dairy stock and with
a little effort in this direction wonderful
progress can be made in dairy farming here.
Within the next few years there should be
many good dairy herds on the reservation
and eventually there should be a successful
creamery in operation supoprted entirely by
the Red Lake Indians. Instead of buying
butter from the outside, as at present, we
should soon be producing a surplus to be
marketed outside.

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