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THE LIQUOR -SCPRES
itoir the Indians \\a Piotectcd lunnj
the Past Yetu Flow the Liquor Whole
xalas, Rdailei s- and Bootleggers.
For the year ending June 30, 1914 seven
teen hundred cases were instituted by the
Service for the Suppression of the Liquor.
Traffic Among the Indians, headed by Chief
Special Officer H. A. Larson. Jail penal
ties aggregating 124"years were imposed
upon 590 persons, besides lines of $62,000.
Seventy-seven persons were sent to the peni
tentiaries under sentences aggregating 11S
eais and tines of $19,000.
In recent months the Service has had
one man shot and several deputy marshalls
killed, while a number of bootleggers are
peddling liquor in the Great Beyond. A
feature of the year was the disposition of
the United States Supreme Court to uphold
the old Indian treaties which provide foe
the exclusion of liquor from the Indian
Nearly 200 deputies were employed.
Sixtv persons A\ere lined, without jail sen
tences, a total of over $15,000. Xinety-one
^were iailed, u'ittolt-&^^ A, total of., J9
yeais. wentA-one were penned, without
tines, a total of 20 years.
Indian Commissioner Cato Sells has
stood by the Special Service in the most
lo\ al win .The Cut lisle A oir.
RED 1A7 SIIOOL ITEM*.
.Miss Myrtle Boobar returned January
,j*.4th to lesume her duties as public school
The Children had their Christmas din
ner on January :Jrd after their return from
I their joyous vacation. Presents were diV
.tributed among the fortunate ones.
I Susie Black, from Ponemah entered on
the school roll January 12th.
Mrs. E. Ste\ens has organized a basketry
class for the girls.
Mr. Stilhhn has taken up the work as
Night Watchman, left vacant by Mr. Joe
The New Year's dance given by the
Agency and school employees was held in
the school diniim hall, and everybody iv
ported having had a nice time.
We know somebody at the school has been
quite sad since Hector left.
A sewing -ircle has been organized by the
Aiiency school employees.
The Sewing Club held their first meeting
at the home of Mrs. Harry C. Moore. The
evening was enjoyed In all.
Mrs] Eleanor Stevens from Bemidji is
now filling ver\ satisfactorily the teacher's
position left vacant by Miss T. Pendergast.
The new iron mangle has been installed
in the laundry.
Mr. W. M. Thomas left for Moose Lake
011 a business trip.
Miss M. Coleman is to leave on the six
teenth for her home in the state of Washing
ton, where she will visit her folks.
RE LAK E NEWS
RED LAKE, MINNESOTA, JANUARY 15, 1915.
FEEDING DAIRY COWS.
(By H. C. Moore, Farmer)
In order that the dairvman may be able
to deiive the most profits from his cows, he
must understand the feeding of them. In
order to do this he must study each indivi
dual, and know the price of our feeding
stuffs If an animal is given more of a cer
tain nutrient than it can make use of, it
is worse than wasted because it takes en
ergy to expell it from the digestive system.
When it is possible, feeds raised on the
farm should be fed, but it so happens that
some feeds can be sold and others bought
to advantage, so it is necessary to study the
market value of feeding stuffs.
Every feeder knows that corn, oats, barley
and bran are good feeds for a cow, but a
great many do not know that by mixing
these in certain proportion that the feed is
made more easily digested, and thus more
profits are made.
All foods are divided into two classes
with reference to bulk Roughage and Con
centrates. Roughage includes all the
coarse portion of the ration such as silage,
corn fodder, hay, roots, etc. Concentrates
includes all grains and mill products.
Animals that run loose to get their lov
ing and never fed grain, do not necessari
ly need concentrates because their mamma
ry fiifictfons^have liot been developed," and
she can find enough nourishment in the
roughage she picks up to product milk
enough to supply the needs of her young.
But with annimals intended for the dairy,
and one that the mammary functions have
been developed more than her feeding capa
city, we must be able to feed some food that
matter than is found in roughage of course
(Continued in next issue
The American Indian should not be clas
sified as a Mongolian. This is the belief of|
Cato Sells, Comissioner of Indian Affairs,
after personal investigation and consulta
tion with Dr. F. W. Hodge, Ethnologist in
Charge of the Bureau of American Ethno
(Continued on Page Three
1 TALK OX TUBERCULOSIS.
Tuberculosis is an infectious disease
caused by the tubercle bacillus, a germ.
About three thousand of these germs placed
end to end measure one inch. So one could
hardly expect to see them with the naked
eye. The only place they grow is in the
bodies of human beings and animals or in
scientific laboratories. Outside of the body
the live for weeks or even a couple of years,
but thev do not increase. Bright sunshine
kills them in a few hours. Boiling water
kills them at once. Cold does not harm
them. These germs are very fond of dark
dirty houses. In man they most often at
tack the lungs, tuberculosis of the lungs be
ing commonly called consumption. When
a person of tuberculosis spits upon the
floor of a dirty house, he lets loose about a
million germs. After this expectoration
has dried, they are easily scattered about
,Y ,..u- before seeking advice, you might just as
contains"a" larger percentage of digestible well pick out the spot you wish to be buried
The introduction of intoxicating liquors
into this reservations or its sale to non
citizen Indians is forbidden by law under
a penalty of imprisonment for not les
than sixty days.
See Act of January 30. 1897 (29 State.
the floor, in the cracks, even clinging to
the walls and ceiling. A good part get mixed
up with the bedding when it is on the floor.
Dry sleeping stirs up all the quiet or harm
ful germs and gives them an opportunity
to do some damage. Houses, rooms, peo
ple and their clothing may all become in
fected. Each person who is careless about
spitting spreads more microbes about. The
weaker the person, the poorer their health,
the more chance the germs have to get the
best of them.
The most common signs or symptoms of
tuberculosis are cough and expectoration,
often the spitting of blood A cough which
does not get well in about a month should
cause some anxiety, especially if accom
panied by fever, night sweats and a steady
loss of weight. Then is the proper time to
consult a doctor and find out the condition
of the lungs. The only way to cure con
sumption is to discover it when it first be
This disease can be IikenedTto a fire in a
lumber yard. A single pail of water may
put it out at first, but after the whole lum
ber yard is blazing, an entire fire depart
ment cannot do much good. So it is with
consumption. If you wait until seven-eights
of your lungs is destroyed by tubercle bacil-
in, for no one can give you a new lung.
Plenty fresh air, morning noon, and night
night with as much sunshine as possible
is essential to effect a cure. Equally im
portant are good wholesome easily digested
food and rest for the body and mind.
If you wish to kill a sick person quickly,
shut all the doors and windows tightly,
build a good fire, get the room hot enough
to make every one sweat, be sure to have
as many people as you can get in the room
with the sick person and no doubt a few
weeks will finish whoever happens to be the
unfortunate one. I repeat if you expect to
receive any benefit from medicine, it is only
to be had at the time the disease is beginn
ing. Later it is only possible to relieve suf
The following are some of the rules used
by various scientists for the prevention of
Don't give consumption to others.
Don't let others give consumption to you.
Xo medicine has been found that will cure
Advertised medicine often contains alco
hol, which hastens the disease.
Xo sick person can afford to take the
risk of using advertised medicine.
There are four things and only four from
which the most good is to be had, fresh air,
sunshine, good food and rest.
Dr. E. C. L.
Cross Lake District.