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THE VIRGINIA ENTERPRISE
W. E. HANNAFORD, Publisher.
Dakota's crop destruction by haii is lit
erally a visitation of hard hick.
The Toledo old maid who went crazy
over century cycling is a veritable spin
Having' stirred up more or less danger,
llerr Most will now crawl under the bed
and await developments.
The lock step, which has leon abol
ished in Sing Sing prison. New York,
is something that safe burglars don't
rare to pick.
It notable that the man who built
up a weak
and taffy is an actor. Tally always goes
a long way in that profession.
A New Orleans man has employed the
drairon tly to make the mosquitoes fly.
The dragon tly is a nuisance, but a mild
er nuisance than the mosquito.
There is great promise for Cuba in the
report from Vera Cruz that Bellinzaghi's
scrum is having a wonderful curative
effect on even the worst cases of yellow
at Camden, Me., suggests that per
The cowardly Anarchists who all over
the world are impliedly crying "We did
it!"' are as brave as the man who came
down from the attie'after his wife had
killed the bear, and claimed a share in
the joy of victory. The average An
archist is a boss blowhard.
The recent shake-up of the seventy
foot racing yachts of the New York fleet
has developed a wholesome disgust as to
craft of the paper-shell order. Ameri
can yachtsmen are used to having stanch
keels under their feet, and it is safe to
say that there will be
launching of a six-masted schoon
marine view of the future may
in tlii* otling.
ing of costly and dangerous toys.
a Texas fence,
Persia's monarch has been a liberal
purchaser at the Paris Exposition, but
the disappointed concessionaires would
have said "O Shah" just the same had
he never visited them.
When Fiizsimmons "landed"
lin's jaw he brought down $10,000 as
well as his antagonist. This fruitfillness
of "lucky strikes" is what prompts aspir
ing pugilists to take the risks of the
The handwriting experts who testilied
at the Molineux trial are now charged
with having displayed their chirograph}*
in the making of big figures on bills of
expense but further expert testimony
may bo necessary to prove even that.
Sit* Thomas Upton is said to have de
clared, recently, that ho would capture
the America cup if it took millions to do
it. There is no "if" about the job. Mod
ern yachting has made it necessary to
have millions to either seek or defend the
Paris is so pleased over the fact that
it can talk with Berlin by telephone that
it is talking humorous messages to the
Berlin capital. "Were the telephone in
existence at the time of the Franco-Prus
sian war, this particular line would have
been made red-hot by a flow of some
thing stronger than French humor.
It has been recently estimated that
there is still outstanding more than $15,
000,000 of the old "shinplasters," or frac
tional paper currency. No doubt much
of this has been destroyed, but private
collectors are believed to hold great
quantities of the bills. They are still re
deemable at face value, though they are
DO longer legal tender.
The pastor of Christ's Episcopal
Church at Hackensaek scored the women
his congregation who carried the idea
taking off their hats from the theater
to the church. His text was, "Every
woman that prayeth or prophesieth with
her head uncovered dishonoreth her
head!" Wait until Hackensack is in
vaded by the short-waist man!
Hobson, who is in the naval hospital at
Yokohama having his eyes doctored, has
asked for a detail as commander of a de
tachment in China, but his superior offi
cers are of the opinion that his forte is
construction and not destruction, and he
will have' to go back to his shipyard
work when his eyes are cured. The
kissing bug seems to have ended Hob
son's career as a tighter.
The sinking of the French torpedo-boat
destroyer Framee during fleet manoeu
vers off Cape St. Vincent, recalls the
sinking of the battleship Victoria by the
battleship Camperdown, during similar
the Mediterranean. There
is very little hope for those
when warships collide at sea. The Fra
mee was a pigmy in comparison with the
Brennus, and the larger ship probably
ran over her.
It has been rumored that Prof. George
T. Ladd, head of the department of
philosophy and metaphysics at Yale, who
is now traveling in Japan, had resigned,
to take a position in one of the univer
sities of that country. The Emperor of
Japan recently conferred on Prof. Ladd
the Order of the Rising Sun. Notwith
standing his popularity in Japan, it is
stated positively at New Haven that he
has not resigned his professorship.
Latest advices from St. Petersburg are
to the effect that the Russian govern
ment has just appropriated an amount
of 500,000 rubles for the establishment
of a mountain observatory in the Caucas
us, on the top of a mountain in the neigh
borhood of Tiplis, capital of the Cau
casus. The observatory will be provid
ed with the latest and most improved
scientific instruments, and it is reported
that the requisite buildings will be erect
ed in the course of the present year. Well
known Russian scientific men will be in
charge of the new observatory.
The applications for rural free delivery
service are being received by the post
office department at Washington at the
rate of forty or fifty a day from all sec
tions of the country. The middle West
seems to be the most active in making
application for this service, but within
the last sixty days there has been a sud
den demand for the service in the New
England and Eastern states. In the
South. Georgia and Tennessee now lead
in number of applications tiled, while
South Carolina has the greatest amount
of established service. That state was
one of the first in the field for rural free
delivery. All these applications are being
taken up and considered in the order of
filing. No distinction is made on account
of loe/ttion or political party. The dt*
partment is making the service thorough
Father A. B. Langlois of the Roman
Catholic church, who died recently at
St. Martinsville. La., at the age of 09
years, was known throughout the scien
tific world as a botanist of rare attain
ments. His minute studies of the flora
of Louisiana covered that field as thor
oughly as has been done for any other
part of the world. For half a century
he was engaged in collecting specimens
of Louisiana plants and beside retaining
a large number for his own use, he sup
plied museums in many places with the
characteristic growths of the region. In
recognition of this work several plants
have received his name, lie has pub
a number of volumes 011 the sub
ject to which he had devoted his life, and
all his scientific work was done in the
French language. A native of France,
he was bettor known in this country than
in the land of his adoption.
"At the Coburg agricultural fair, held
recently," says United States Consul Ol
iver Hughes, at that place, "there was
the largest and best exhibit of Ameri
can agricultural implements ever seen in
this part of Germany." Two Gorman
makers, however, he says, exhibited poor
imitations of well-known American ma
chines. and the consul deplores this use
and abuse of our patented rights. Consul
Hughes notes, as an instance of how.
with attention once attracted to them,
American tools are immediately in great
demand, an incident of the Frankfort
fair of last year. Here, he says, an
American exhibitor had a very simple
tool sharpened in his exhibit. It lay un
noticed for a long time, but when once
its practicability and usage was demon
strated, the German dealers enthused
over it, and hundreds of orders followed
from all parts of the country.
How custom tends to develop, into the
status of vested right is shown in the
history of what are called "drift" fences
on the government grazing grounds in
New Mexico. The first of these fences
were built years ago because it was
found the cattle would "drift" for many
miles before the blizzards which went
across the plains in winter, thereby caus
ing inconvenience and expense in restor
ing them to their ranges in the spring.
These fences were built from east to
west. Their number increased and
eventually cross fences running north
and south were put up. Thus the coun
try became cut up into a large number
of inclosures, to which individuals laid a
sort of claim because their cattle were
accustomed to make use of them. This
practice has assumed such proportions
that the commissioner of the general land
office has issued an order that the fences
must be pulled down. The cattlemen are
protesting, but the commissioner has
both law and reason
The Boxers and Their Superstition.
The vast majority of the Chinese are
entirely ignorant of the simplest facts of
natural science. To them the earth is
still flat, and the sun is said to pass
around behind a mountain in moving
from west to east. The more supersti
tious worship the spirits, which are sup
posed to abide in or have charge of their
spinning wheels, handmills, stables,
wells, manure heaps, street gates, and
many other things. I know one man
who is said to have worshiped thus over
thirty spirits, believed to reside in vari
ous parts of his three-roomed hovel. Oc
cultism and spiritism are rife.
The organizers of the Boxers have used
this superstitious disposition for the fur
therance of their ends. They have confi
dently asserted that those properly initi
ated into the mysteries of this cult, and
whose "Kung Fu" or exercise of its rules
was perfect, would by virtue of this
practice become invulnerable, and thus
be protected against all bulllets or knives.
This was not left to future test entirely.
Several intelligent Chinese have told me
that they had themselves seen advanced
members of the society strike different
parts of their bodies with sharp knives
and swords with no more effect upon the
skin than is produced by the wind. The
members of the society believe implicitly
in this invulnerability, and the people at
large are convinced that the claim is well
founded. No difficulty is found in ex
plaining the death of society members in
battle. In one instance, occurring early
last fall, thirty or forty miles from Tsi
nan-Foo, ten or twrelve Boxers were
killed by Catholics whom they had at
tacked. It was then discovered that
the evening before or on the morning of
the battle these men had broken the rules
of the society by eating certain pro
scribed articles of food. In this way
their death but strengthened the faith of
It was proposed at first to use no
firearms in the extermination of foreign
ers, but to trust to the sword alone.
Great reliance was placed on certain eal
isthenic exercises and posturings which
were expected to hypnotize or terrify the
enemy.—National Geographic Magazine.
About Carrier Pigeons.
The carrier pigeon when traveling nev
er feeds. If the distance be long it flies
on without stopping to take nutriment
and at last arrives thin, exhausted and
almost dying. If corn be presented to it
it refuses to eat, contenting itself with
drinking a little water and then sleep
ing. Two or three hours later it begins
to eat with great moderation and sleeps
again immediately afterward. If its
flight has been very prolonged the pigeon
will proceed in this manner for forty
eight hours before recovering its normal
mode of feeding.
A Chicken-Killing Dog.
The boss chicken thief and slaughterer
ALONG ABOUT AUGUST.
Along about August, when the breeze is
get tin' lazy,
With hardly iuergy enough to stir the
I get to feeling- satisfied an' reckless as a
A-cr.rin' nothin' 'tall about the fruits that
1 have had luy share n' sorrow:
1 have felt misfortune's touch.
Hut along about August
Nothin' seems to matter much.
I try to stir myself a bit a-tryin' after
Kut what's the difference with warmth
an' sky an' flowers free?
I 'spose 1 outfht to imitate the Wees, a.
get tin' honey.
lint, honest truth. I'm mighty glad 1
wasn't born a bee.
You kin sing about your May time
An' your merry Christmas tree,
Rut along about August
Seems the tittenest fur me.
I've never yit been called on to assume a
Hut I'm purty proud an' haughty, as I
may as well confess.
I'm proud to be a dweller on an earth
So bountifully blossoms, even in the wil
I know that 1*11 regret it—
I know it's wrong to shirk.
Hut along about August
I get 1110s' too proud to work.
world is a Hartford dog, who
broke into the poultry yard in the sub
urbs of that city a few nights ago and
killed 1G0 chickens. With almost human
deviltry he picked out for his victims a
lot of fancy poultry, the owner of which
had reserved them as fancy specimens of
his different breeds for exhibition pur
poses during the coming fall.
—Van Moore, the half-breed desperado
who murdered Tin Cup. an old Indian
woman, near Pierre, S. D., about a
month ago, entered a plea of guilty and
was given a life sentence.
A Story of Thibetan Magic.
The waiter brought us drink and the
change out of Tom Morton's half-sover
eign. I pushed the latter over toward
him with my left hand, and with my
right raised the water bottle to dilute
"Your change, Tom," said I.
"Yes, of course," said Tom, who was
absorbed in the story he was telling me.
He put out his hand as if to pick the
nu.ney up, but seemed to remember some
thing, for he drew his hand back sud
"Good heaven!" said he, "and I had
He took out his handkerchief, wrapped
it around the forefinger of his right
hand, and then, with the forefinger so
covered, gently scraped the money to
wards him, piece by piece, and earnestly
looked at each coin.
"Now, look here, Tom," said I, "this
is a very pretty story that you have been
telling me, but don't try and give it an
air of reality by a performance Jike
"You can believe'it or not, just as you
like," said Tom, "but I tell you, Fred,
that piece of money is coming along this
way some day. I have seen it once,
and—I left it on the table. You don't
catch me touching any coin while I am
certain that one is in circulation. But
let me conclude what I was telling you.
"Urga is one of the most peculiar
places yon could think of, and one of our
first duties was to ..present ourselves to
the Grand Llama. WTe had to get a
palanquin, for it was only meet that
Europeans of our importance should go
in state, and it was while en route that
we_ suddenly came to the praying mill.
This was a sort of 'round-about,' with
huge wooden posts sticking out at the
side, which every Bhuddist passing was
supposed to take hold of, and push the
mill round at least once.
"What caused Phil to do what he did
then I don't know, but something seemed
to impel him to get out of the palanquin,
make a run over to the mill, catch hold
of one of the wooden posts and commence
to push it around at its topmost pace.
The square where the mill was erected
wras pretty well filled with people, and
when some of those saw what had been
done they came rushing toward us, shout
ing and gesticulating. Phil had undoubt
edly committed a sacrilege, and I was
fearful for his safety. These fanatical
Mongolians, once their religion is assailed
in any shape or form, would certainly
mercy upon the assailant.
"Phil came hurriedly back to me,
jumped into the palanquin, and ordered
the bearers to get
But they were
struck dumb with terror. The mob came
for us, smashed in the doors of the
palanquin, dragged us out, and for two
minutes there was the liveliest fight on
record going on. We got the worst of-it.
and bruised, bleeding and insensible, were
carted off to prison.
"We were taken before the Grand
Llama, and then and there he ordered
11s to be sent across the Siberian fron
tier with the utmost dispatch. The next
day we were hurried along under an es
cort of soldiers, and it was not long be
fore we arrived at the frontier, the town
of Miamatshin, which really is the Mon
golian portion of Iviakta. We were tak
en along to the yellow posts which
marked tlie actual frontier, and there
the soldiers of the Llama stopped. We
were removed from the palanquin in
which we had been carried, and were
commanded to sit down a few yards
from the posts. Not twenty feet away
were the black and white posts of the
Russians, and it was indeed something
to gladden our eyes to stM? the brown coat
and the astrac-han fez of the Russian
Cossack who stood there on sentry.
"Our guards spread themselves out,
then there came forward a Bhuddist
priest, who began to talk to us in a
jargon which, of course, we could not
understand. He finished at length and
produced from his robe a wire 011 which
were threaded some hundreds of brass
'cash,' which the Chinese always carry.
He took two of the 'cash' off the wire
and laid them in front of us on the
"Then the priest began waving his
arms about, and the Mongolians took
out their hand prayer mills and began
turning them for all they were worth.
The voice of the priest then rose on the
air. He said three or four words and
spat deliberately at each of the coins,
which had been put on the ground be
"That was all. The priest departed,
the soldier escorted us to the posts, the
Russian sentry presented his rifle and w*e
presented our passports. We passed over
and breathed the comparatively free air
of Russia. Our first duty when we were
in Kiakta was to go straight to the gov
ernor and lay our complaint before him.
He was agitated when he heard of the
ceremony at the frontier, and told us that
the Buddhist priest had put into circula
tion two coins which had received the
sun god's curse, and that these coins
would circulate throughout the world,
harmless to everybody except the two
they were destined for. The instant pos
session of either of these by the person
cursed would mean immediate destruc
"Nor was this all—the coins might not
come to us as brass 'cash,' they might
come to 11s as a kopeck piece, or as a
rouble as marks or pfennigs, as francs
or centimes, as anything, wherever we
might be. We should never know when
they were coming we should take them
111 the ordinary way we should handle
them, but only for one moment the next
moment we should be dead."
One day Tom sent for me, and it was to
tell me that he was going to be married.
This struck me as something peculiar, for
I had thought Tom Morton was one of
the last men likely to fall in love. The
wedding duly came off, everybody was
pleased, and Tom and his bride went
away to the south of France. A few
more weeks rolled by and Tom returned.
There was to be a reception at their
London house, and the invitation which
was sent me was one which I could not
In the evening I had the opportunity of
a chat With Tom. We had gone out on
the balcony, which overlooked the gar
den, and there I purposely made refer
ence to the superstition which he had for
the Llama's coin.
"Perhaps," said I. "now that you have
gone unscathed all these years, you are
beginning to lose faith in the potency of
"Well, to tell you the truth," said
Tom, "I am getting a little shaky about
it, and when one begins to reason, su
perstition on any subject is likely to get
knocked out. It has struck me that aft
er all it may be but mere foolery."
We entered the room once more, but I
was dying for a smoke, and. making
some excuse. 1 slipped away to the smok
ing room. I had been sitting there about
five minutes when Tom Morton came
"What do you think?" he said. "My
wife has got this Mongolian story into
her head so much that she is perfectly
ridiculous. She has been telling every
body about it, and, of course, they are
all laughing, and the worst of it all is
that she is laughing with them at me.
But come, come, old fellow, 1 want to
show* you something."
I rose, threw my cigarette end away,
and followed him. We went along the
corridor to the drawing room, which was
crowded, and even as we entered I heard
Mrs. Morton's voice.
"I really do believe it will be such
fun," she was saying. "Here comes
Tom, and now we will try. A coin, if
you please, from each of you. Let me
see—how* many are there here?—twenty
six. good! then I want twenty-six coins'."
"Now, Tom," she said, "take off that
wretched glove and let us demonstrate
that you can touch money with your un
Tom was pale, and I saw his brow
shining with perspiration. He muttered
something, but wThat it was was lost in
the laughter and banter which went
around the room. WTith a quick, impul
sive movement, he drew off his right
"Well," he said, and I saw his lips
wreathe into a hard, unmirthful smile,
"I will take the coins just to show you
that I am not afraid."
Then, one by one, his wife counted out
the coins into his hand. Twenty were
already there, when, unable to control
the impulse which came over me. I start
ed up, and cried: "Drop it, Tom. Why
challenge such a thing as that?"
He looked at me, and I saw* how pale
and how stern was his face. He said
nothing to me, but merely turned to his
wife with the whisper: "Go
FOR A GIRL TEN OR TWELVE.
This pretty little gown of salmon pink batiste striped with green and trimmed
with green ribbon is a practical model. The gathered ruches and knife plaitings
skirt, collar and sleeves are edged with narrow ribbon, while the square frill
on the shoulders and the waistband are made of a wider kind in the same color.
"Twenty-one, twenty-two, twenty-three,
twenty-four, twenty-five, twenty-six,
"Twenty-seven," I cried, "what is that,
there are only twenty-six people here,
there is a mis But I could get
further. Tom had staggered back, his
body shrunken in size. He fell to the
floor. A death-like silence fell over the
assemblage. I strode over to my friend's
Tom was dead and cold, and in his
right hand there were twenty-seven
coins. I looked at the top one it was a
German piece, value twenty marks. I
took it to the light and gazed upon it.
Across the profile of Emperor William
II. I saw a mark which described a true
square, and then I knew that the Llama's
curse at length had had effect.—Penny
The Women of China.
The important work of woman, we be
lieve, is in the home. This does not
mean that we think women are fit only to
do housework. On the contrary, most
of our housework is done by men. Among
foreigners who have experience in our
country, it is a saying that the Chinese
cook is second only to the French, and
the Chinese house servant is second only
to the German serving man. The work
of women among us is to bear children,
and it is desired that she shall be free
from the burden of toil, so that she may
have time and strength to rear her fam
ily well and to make her home happy.
The Chinese mother is most anxious for
the welfare of her children, watching
them with great care as they grow up.
She attends to the education of the
daughters, and the father directs the edu
cation of the sons. The family tie is
very strong among my people, and the
love and attention which parents -give
to the bringing up of children are equaled
only by the veneration and respect which
children show toward their parents. This
family love is part of the nature, the
religion, the history and tradition of
China.—Mme. Wu in Harper's Bazar.
Many Mistakes Are Made.
Visitors to museums of science are al
ways interested in the mounted skeletons
of gigantic extinct animals, but they sel
dom appreciate the amount of study and
skill required to properly match the fos
sil bones together. Even at the best it
seems probable that many mistakes are
made, and extinct monsters may some
times be caused to assume forms and at
titudes unknown to them in life. This
is indicated, not only by the differences
between the restorations made by vari-
011s naturalists, but by a recent remark
of Prof. H. C.
an expert iu the
mounting of fossil skeletons, that if we
had had nothing but the skeleton of the
elephant to work upon we should proba
bly have obtained a very faulty concep
tion of the animal.—Youth's Compan
NO LONGER ISOLATED.
The Telephone Brings Farmers' Fam
ilies in Touch with Kach Other.
W hen our cities have been entangled in
a mesh ot municipal misrule and the
problems of comfort and wholesomeness
nave become imperative of solution the
country has made a wonderful stride to
ward the acquisition of town advantages.
Heretofore the village, or at least the
hamlet, or the crossroads tavern, store
and church, constituted the nucleus of a
rural section. Very rapidly this is being
done away with. The grouping of homes
throughout the country is made by rural
telephone circuits. In some of the states
these circuits have already multiplied into
the tens of thousands. It is a social revo
lution which we have not yet begun to
take a full estimate of in our social eco
Farm isolation is a thing of the past.
Neighbors scattered about, miles from
each other, now chat pleasantly and ex
change news by telephones These cir
cuits. connected with a long-distance serv
ice, enable the farmer to live in constant
communication with remote markets. He
is learning to keep as nearly as good a
tally of prices as is posted by the board
of trade, by which tally he sells his crop
intelligently.—St. Louis Globe-Democrat.
TREATED AS SEMMiODS.
Inmates of Chinese Monasteries Are
Held in Great Reverence.
Of monasteries and lamaseries in Pekiu
the number is endless. The lamas and
bonzes who dwell therein can be counted
by the thousands. They are mostly Thi
betans and Mongolians, supposed to be
studying Buddhism under the direction
of an authenticated lineal descendant of
Buddha himself. Indexed, in one particu
lar monastery three lineal descendants
are to be seen
a consideration. They
are regarded as semi-gods, and treated as
the three so favored, fed and
flattered one is a youngster of some 12
years, a bright, lively Mongolian boy, ful
ly alive to his own importance, high dig
nity aud destiny, yet not averse to the
filling of his baggy little pockets with
the dollars of such "foreign devils" as af
ford him the opportunity of so doing.
The lamas and bonzes are a greasy,
grimy, dirtrincrusted lot. The denser the
dirt the greater the reputation for sanc
tity and close spiritual affinity with Bud
dha. Their whole time seems to be
passed in eating, extracting dollars from
strangers and sleeping.—Pall Mall Ga
Ingersoll and the Babe.
A Baltimore correspondent of the New
York Press relates this incident: "Where
a man of brains and kindly thought met
a little child and was conquered by sweet
babyhood and trusting faith is best told
by William Wordsworth Goodrich, an ar
chitect of this city. He never tires of
telling the story, and his hearers never
weary of listening.
**It was on the 12th of January. 1898,"
he said, "when I occupied a berth in a
Pullman car coming from Chicago oppo
site that occupied by Robert G. Inger
soll. In the next lower berth to his was
a woman and her babe. The young wife,
who was on her way to New Y'ork, hael
her berth made up early. She had pre
pared the baby for bed. and as she sat on
the edge of the berth, the baby at her
knees, she taught the baby its' evening
prayer, "Now I lay me down to sleep.'
"The child lisped the prayer as only a
baby can. As the words, 'I pray the
Lord my soul to take' were uttered, who
should be standing with folded arms in
a very reverent attitude in the aisle be
side the bowed form—none other than
'God bless mamma, God bless papa,
God bless everybody,' the mother spoke,
and the baby lisped.
"At the final 'Amen' Col. Ingersoll
clasped the baby in his arms and kissed
the child on the forehead reverently, say
ing 'God bless everybody.' By this time
all of the car occupants were onlookers.
The great Ingersoll held the wee little
baby, cooing in his arms, and he was
talking tq it. Finally he laid the child in
the berth, saying, 'Goodnight, little one
goodnight." Quick as a flash the baby
said, 'Dod bless 'oo.'
"Ingersoll's apswer was, 'Yes. yes. Qod
Americans Drink Good Tea.
Three years ago Congress passed a law
forbidding the importation into this coun
try of any tea of a grade lower than
good, and imposing a duty of 10 cents o'n
every pound of tea brought into our
ports. Owing to this law it is impossible
for the American people to get anything
but good tea to drink.
CHRISTIAN BRIDES OF TURKS.
One an American Widow, the Other
a Woman Dentist.
Two noted Turks, both of them devout
Mohammedans, have taken Christian
brides. One bride was an American
widow who went with her father, Amer
ican Vice-Consul Tewey, to Constantino
ple the other is a German dentist, who
went to the same city to practice OJ».
Turkish teeth. Both women, of course,,
became Mohammedans when they mar
ried, as it meant too much to the men to»
leave the country, and they could not re
tain their positions there with Christians
for wives. But the men made some con
cessions, also. One of them settled $25,
000 upon his bride as a guarantee against
his future fickleness the other made a
solemn vow. before God and man, that
he would never take an additional wife—
which is quite a vow for a Turkish gen
tleman to make.
The second marriage was that of Miss
Hornik and Abdul Rezzak Bey, master of
ceremonies to his majesty at Yildiz. His
excellency is a well-known character in
Turkish and European society, and, it is
said, much feared by the Sultan, owing
to his royai Kurdish descent. Probably,
for this reason, he had the courage to
choose a European wife, although for
fear of an imperial veto from the palace,
everything was kept a close secret till
after the wedding. The ceremony was
curious in its strict Turkish rites. The
invited guests were separated to form
Harem and Selamlik and while the cere
mony took place. Miss Hornik's women
friends were allowed only to stand be
hind the door and listen without being
A SILHOUETTE IN DRAB.
To What the Realistic School
Writers 3Iay Bring Us.
The russet sparrow sat on the roof and
blinked at the setting sun. Afar down
the alley a lone ragman drove his chariot
slowly along and chanted his plaintive
lay. The wind moaned through the
chimneypots, the red sun looked dimly
down through the smoke and the russet
The russet sparrow sat on the roof and
blinked at the setting sun. Adown the
gutters in the lone:y street ran murky
puddles on their long, long journey to
ward the distant se*a. Borne
And the russet sparrow sat
The Irish Peasant and Cornmeal.
As a rule the food of the peasantry is
now more substantial and more varied
than it was in times past, though in some
respects it may not be, perhaps, so whole
some. The potato is still what it has
been for a century and a half—the peas
ants' staple article of food, but there are
more appetizing adjuncts to it than for
merly. such as butter, eggs, and Ameri
can bacon. Tea, as I have said, is drunk
universally in every cabin, 110 matter
how humble, and in most cases is par
taken of three or four times a day. Bak
ers' bread has been largely substituted
for the home-made "griddle cake," ex
cept in districts remote from bakeries.
Indian meal porridge, or "stir-about" (as
the people usually call it) is now only
eaten in the poorest cabins. It was, in
deed, never popular with the peasantry.
They resort to it only under the compul
sion of poverty, as it is cheap. It bears
the stigma of pauperism. It was first
introduced into Ireland during the fam
ine of 1847, by the government, as an in
expensive and wholesome food for the
starving people, and it has leen widely
distributed as a form of relief during the
many periods of distress through which
Ireland has passed since then. The
"yallow male," as it is called, therefore
came to be associated in the minds of the
people with times of poverty and misfor
tune. and I know that even the poorest
families feel a sort of shame in eating it,
as if it meant unutterable- social degrada
tion. This feeling is, of course, to be
deeply deplored. Stewed tea and inferior
baker's bread—the latter-day luxuries of
the eabins of Ireland—are not so
strengthening and sustaining as the old
homely stir-about and milk, and must in
time have a sadly deteriorating effer-t on
the physieal and mental capacities of the
Experiments in Temperature of Ex
I11 a communication recently made to
the Royal society, Messrs. Macnab and
Ristori, continuing their researches upon
modern explosives, give ail account of a
series of experiments to determine more
exactly the temperature reached by ex
plosives in a closed chamber. Previous
experiments have shown that a thin
platinum wire is melted by the heat de
veloped during the explosion, while a
thick wire is unaffected this proves that
the temperature exceeds the fusing point
of platinum, but the duration of the max
imum is very short. The experimenters
use for the purpose a thermo-electro cou
ple of rhodium and platinum wires, hav
ing different diameters, and thick enough
not to be melted by the explosion. The
deflection of the galvanometer would
then vary in inverse ratio to the thick
ness of the wire forming the couple, and
it would then be easy to calculate the
deviation which would be caused by a
couple infinitely small, which would ab
sorb all the heat in a time infinitely
short this deviation, expressed in de
grees, would represent the temperature
reached. In the experiments a series
of thermo-electric couples formed of wire
of platinum, and an alloy of platinum,
with 10 per cent, of rhodium were used,
whose diameter varied from 0.25 to 1.1
millimeter. Each couple was succes
sively fixed in the interior of a shell and
the deviation of the galvanometer was
registered by the photographic method.
It was thus found that gun cotton is the
explosive giving the lowest temperature
then follow in order cordite ballistite (70
per cent, fulmi-cotton, with 30 per cent,
nitro-glycerine), then another form of
ballistite, w*ith equal parts of cotton and
nitro-glycerine. The experiments are
now being made to determine the ele
ments necessary to convert the deviation
of the galvanometer, expressed in de
grees. into degrees of temperature.—Sci
Created a New Industry.
About the middle of this century it
was the universal custom to face the
white keys of pianos «nl organs with
ivory, and to make 'the black ones of
ebony. Long ago ivory became too ex
pensive for any but the finest keyboards,
celluloid taking its place. Now ebony
also has advanced in price, so that a
substitute for it is in demand. Dogw^ood
has been found to serve the purpose ex
cellently, and it can be stained a fine
black and oiled and polished until it
equals ebony both in durability and ap
pearance. The industry of cutting and
marketing dogwood, once a valueless
tree, for this purpose is already giving
employment to a considerable number
of people.—New York Sun.
the roof and blinked at
the setting sun.
The russet sparrow sat on the roof and
blinked at the setting sun. Sadly the
stray policeman in the gray distance
swiped an orange from the barrow of a
passing coster and peeled it with a grimy
hand. He was thinking, thinking. And
the dead leaves still choked the tin spout
above the rainwater barrel in the back
wings of the sluggish breeze came a far
off murmur of vagrant dogs in fierce con
tention. and life was hollow mockery to
the homeless cat.
and blinked at the setting sun.—Answers.