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HKRK is not a city of sreat size in the country that has not a
dozen or more lepers walking about with utmost freedom.
There is not a slate in the union that has not its lepers.
There is no way to delect them and they will not give them
selves up. And who can blame them? A murderer is not
more hounded than a leper. A burglar is treated with far
more consideration than a man who has leprosy. These
5,000 or more innocent men are keeping the awful secret of
their disease within their own hearts because nowhere in
the land is there a decent asylum where they can go and
receive a white man's care.
New York has a leper ward on Blackwell's island. An
American tvould find it worse than a medieval dungeon.
Louisiana has her lazarette and an average man should be
pardoned for shooting himself rather than go there. Every
other part of the country will drive the leper from spot to
•pot like a dog. Yet leprosy is not a grewsome disease. The tales that are
told in fiction and the traditions that have been handed down from ancient
times are responsible for the ignorance and dread one has for the disease.
Yet, to be a leper to-day, is to be an outcast from the world.
On Blackwell's island in New York there are four lepers. They en
Joy a sort of liberty. They are within 50 feet of a great hospital, where
1,300 sick are cared for. They see hundreds of people every day and no wall
Is built about them. They *«an walk about the island as they wish, and thev
are well treated. For them it is all right. But they are three Chinamen
and a Pole. They all sleep in one room they all eat in one room. What
would become of an American if he had to share that same room with
them for the rest of his life? Yet there is no other place.
Early, the Philippine veteran, is living in a tent on the banks of the Po
tomac. shunned by everyone except his wife. Old Gen. Wardell and his
wife were driven across two states and could not find shelter to rest their
heads. Not long ago a man was driven from place to place through rain
and wind, and finally died of the exposure, near Baltimore. No one would
take them and there was no National home that held out a welcome for
these innocent outcasts from the world.
It is not generally known that we can live with an ordinary leper for
a lifetime and not contract the disease. There is a keeper on Blackwell's
Island who sits In the one small room with them, but he would be surprised
if anyone were to teirhim that herwas brave or that he was taking a risk.
The doctors visit the pat}ents every day and think no more of It than they
do of an' ordi»ary skin disease. The only way a person can contract leprosy
la by having an open cut and allowing that cut to come in contact with the
skin.of the leper. ....
There are fqrms of the disease in which the victim's fingers and limbs
'droi off but "hey are very rare. There are other forms in which noisome
pus flows and they are very dangerous, but this form is even more rare
than the othef: In 99 cases out of .100, there is even less danger in going,
near a leper than there is in going near a consumptive. Yet in all the
th$ye is nQ.ptyqe where a leper may be sure of a decent place to lay
^istfeead. 1 y.' '1
^ib bnelias ever been able to do more than estimate the number of
lejpers there are in this country. Naturally, those who have it are not go
Judge's Well-Meaning Assertion That
Astonished Young Lawyer.
Judge Frank E. Dellenbaugh tries in
so far as it seems practicable to be
everybody *, .friend and' to let them
OF COURSE HE KNEW HIM
'H6 can tonceive of nothing
'Wore 'ettibarrr.sslng than to meet an
ii^Quafikanc# and not be able to call.
o'c-tftttojong ago Attorney Homer Mc-
Keehan was walking'down the stjreet
accompanied by a yourig lawyer just
out of college, who had cbme "to Cleve
land to take up the practice of his
As they passed through the crowds
people nodded to McKeehan-=-every
body knows McKeehan—and the
young lawyer remarked: "My, I envy
you' haying £uch a wide accfhafritance.
•I tr si
on living amongst other people and endangering all with whom they come in
Is now some feeble talk of the governments starting a lazarette_
States cannot do it, for there aro not enough known
that if tlte government were tc open an asylum bundr
flock to It. as a refuge where tfcuy could find some relief fro
suffer and where they could dta in. comparative peace. For die they mus.
There Is no known cure for lep-osy. That is the pit of ey a
demned, yet stricken as they ar?, and hopeless, they have no even a
where they can lay their heads.
It was back in 1865 when the Hawaiian leper colony was established
on the Island of Molokai. The settlement is located on the north end of the
island, a peninsula of 3,000 acrea being set apart for the diseased colony.
Previous to that year the kmg of Hawaii became alarmed at the condi
tions which prevailed throughoi*t his realm. Able American and European
physicians, who were liis advisees, warned Him that the people were far too
lenient with the disease. At thsr*. time the acquisition of a leper in a family
was not shunned and if one of 'he members caught the disease there was
no effort to secure treatment, itut the diseased person ate and lived just
as if there was no disease. Of course conditions were shielded from the
eyes of the law.
When the leper colony plan was decided upon the policemen were or
dered to act as health officers an*l were instructed in the signs which told of
the dread disease. House to house canvasses were made throughout
Hawaii and the lepers were torn from the households in which they belonged
and bundled off to the leper setttement.
Of course they are practically prisoners on Molokai, but they have treat
ment which the best trained nunes can give them and they don't have to
The martyr of leprosy about vhom you will be told, should you ever visit
Molokai, after hiving secured a government permit to do so, is Father
Damien, a' prf.est, who Tved amoi the victims until lie, too, perished from
I can't imagine ever getting to Snow
half so many people as you do. Here
I am trying to practice law in the city
and I don't know a soul in the Whole
"O, don't worry," said Homer, en
couragingly "you'll soon get acquaint
ed. Why, hero comes a good friend
of yours now."
The budding attorney saw Judge
Dellenbaugh approaching. "No," he
contradicted. "He can't be a friend
of mine. I never even laid eyes on
But the case of Lieut. Early
brings the disease home to Ameri
cans. He contracted it in the Phil
ippines and the question is how
many other soldiers are going to
carry it home with them, or rath
er, how many have, unknowingly,
already brought it home?
But until there is some fit
place to care for them, these inno
cent victims of the world's most
dreaded disease cannot be blamed
for keeping secret their awful af
fliction. Until they are assured
they will not be driven about from
spot to spot, like dogs, they will go
ing to advertise the fact and until
the final stages of the disease none
but an expert can detect it. The
writer has seen cases that look
to be only a slight skin affection
and if a doctor had not accident
ally, in treating the cases for an
entirely different complaint, dis
covered the disease, they would
still be at liberty and probably ig
norant themselves of their afflic
tion. Norwegians, Swedes and
the Chinese are the greatest suffer
ers. In all these countries there
are large colonies of lepers.
"Yes, he is," insisted Homer. "He's
a great friend of yours."
By that time Judge Dellenbaugh had
stopped to exchange greetings with
"You know Mr. So and So here,
don't you, judge?" inquired Homer
casually, presenting his young friend.
"O, sure," said the judge, shaking
hands with the young man. "How are
you, anyway? I was just thinking
about you last night and wondering
what had become of you."—Cleveland
Interesting experiments have been made among the lepers in the colony
and five have been greatly benefited, and, in fact, it is believed have been
cured of this supposed incurable disease.
Few more remarkable experiences
have ever befallen a fisherman than
those of Nathan Rosenstein of St.
Paul, who last August wene fishing in
beautiful Lake Bermidji. Bernstein
caught seven sunfish and a perch and
was about to give up and quit when
an enormous pickerel made a furious
dash at his bait.
Rosenstein had just placed his pipe
between his teeth and was exploring
his trousers pockets for a match. The
suddenness of the "strike" startled
him and he jerked his pole with ^his
free hand, while involuntarily tugging
at the other to get it free from his
pocket. All would have gone well, but
for the pocket flap, which caught his
hand and held it for a second.
Another vicious tug freed the fork
manipulator, but as it came loose a
$10 gold piece slipped out of the
pocket and rolled toward the gun
wale. Rosenstein dropped the pole
and grabbed for the coin, but it slid
overboard and with a dull "chug"
slipped gently downward through the
clear water. Fascinated by the sight,~
Rosenstein could but sit and watch.
Among these is a woman of Kentucky, who a few years ago was promi
nent in Louisville and the blue grass region. Many years ago this woman's
husband, a man of large means and a merchant, committed suicide by shoot
ing. The reason for his suicide, which occurred in Frankfort, was never
known save to a few friends. It was learned later, however, that he had
been told by physicians in Indianapolis he had leprosy.
The reason for his suicide was never told to the wife and daughters.
They were well supplied with money. A few years later, when the daughters
had grown into womanhood and attained a prominent place in the social
life of Kentucky, the mother developed what was thought to be an eczema
on the hands and fingers. She was treated by the best doctors in the state,
but without result. Then it was developed she had leprosy.
Then a curious thing happened.
An Awkward Mistake.
Yiscount Morley once had an awk
ward moment in a house not far from
the Marble Arch.
"What name, sir?" asked the butler,
as Mr. Morley (as he then was) took
off his hat and coat, and on his saying
"John Motley," the butler hesitated
and looked puzzled.
"John Morley," said the visitor
again, and the butler said, "Excuse
me, sir, but I don't think we expect
"Oh, nonsense! Just announce me."
The fact that the widow and mother of the two handsome girls was a
leper was kept secret. The woman was hurried from her home to the leper
settlement in Louisiana and the two girls were taken to Europe on a long
The mother and daughters lived in a splendid home in one of the prin
cipal towns in Kentucky. After the daughters left for Europe and the
mother for the leper colony the home was closed, and it is still closed
and boarded up. The house was dismantled and the furnishings sold to
second-hand dealers. These dealers radically have been forced out of busi
Reports from the leper colony received recently say that all signs
of leprosy have left this woman, but that before she was successfully treated
her ears had dropped off and she was scarred about the face and is without
GOT MONEY WITH INTEREST
Fish Story That is Offered with
"Proof" of Veracity.
Joseph Damien was born in 1840 and be entered the
priesthood in his nineteenth year. Long before he had
completed his education as a priest he received a call to
take up work in the islands in the Pacific. Up to that time
only temporary spiritual aid had been administered to the
lepers on Molokai, but upon hearing the bishop lament the
fact that he could not send a man away to die among
the diseased colonists, Father Damien offered his services
without a moment's hesitation, and ,took jup the_work
which brought an end to his life. For 12 years he es
caped the dread disease, but finally he fell under the shad
ow of it, and even when begged to leave the island in order that his
life might be prolonged he refused, but stayed on the island and passed
His good deeds were chanted in every corner of the globe and his
is one of the too few cases of giving up life that others might be bet
tered by his knowledge.
Another and more recent instance of martyrdom exacted for the
hopeless cause of the diseased race is that of Sister Marcella of St.
Joseph's hospital, Philadelphia, who recently left lucrative employment
to devote the remainder of her life to the care of lepers at the New
There are now 66 lepers in the place, who are attended by six sisters
of charity, whose mother house is at Emmitsburg, Md., and by Rev. A. V.
Keenan, the chaplain. Recently one of the sisters was taken ill. Another
was needed and Sister Marcella offered her servics.
The big pickerel, wrenching itself free
from the hook, and attracted by the
shining coin, swung under the boat
The great jaws opened and the coin
disappeared before Rosenstein's very
A few days ago Rosenstein was
again on Lake Bermidji and made a
fairly good day's catch. Trolling back
toward the dock in the evening he felt
a strike, and after a furious ten-min
ute battle landed an enormous pick
erel. It looked familiar, but when he
reached the dock and began to strip
his catch, what was his surprise on
splitting the big pickerel to find the
$10 piece lost last fall.
Rosenstein poked around with the
knife and uncovered 58 cents in small
silver coins and pennies. It was inter
est at the legal rate on the lost $10
Rosenstein's "pickerel bank" has al
ready become a part of the classic lore
of the Lake Bermidji anglers. They
proudly show the spot where the big
pickerel was cleaned in proof of the
veracity of this account.
If men spent as much time court
ing their wives as they do their sweet
hearts the divorce lawyer would be
driven out of business.
said the statesman, and it was not un«
til that final moment that Mr. Morley
found he was in the wrong house.
"I am inexpressibly obliged to you,
young man," he said "you have saved
me from a terrible catastrophe!"—
Old School to Be .Closed.
Hawkshed grammar school, near
Ambleside, where Wordsworth was
educated, and which was founded In
1585 by Edwyne Sandys, archbishop of
York, will shortly be closed.
MED FATHER JUMPS
INTO Hie TO SAVE
FIGHTS BRAVELY WITH THE ICY
WATERS OF THE HUDSON BUT
SINKS WITH DAUGHTER.
New York.—Unmindful of the icy
cold of the Hudson, and his 78 years,
Capt. Henry Rice, skipper of a big
scow, leaped from her deck in a futile
effort to save his daughter, Mrs. Helen
Block, 31 years old, a widow. Both
were, drowned while Frank Hauscruck
er was vainly striving to aid them.
Mrs. Block and Hauscrucker were to
have been married a few days ago,
and Capt. Rice was to depart aboard
his scow for some distant point, which
would prevent his attendance at the
wedding. His daughter and Haus
crucker promised to pa«y a farewell
visit to the skipper, and Capt. Rice
Hauscrucker stood in the dark amid
unfamiliar surroundings, not knowing"
how to help. He cried out: "What
shall I do?" and from the water Capt.
Rice told him to get a rope and throw
its end overboard. Hauscrucker had to
grope blindly for any sort of a line,
and when he found one Capt. Rice and
his daughter had been carried by the
tide far out of reach of the scow.
Cries for help from Hauscrucker
were faintly answered from the black
ness over the river, where father and
daughter were drowning, and also
brought delayed aid from boatmen is
the neighborhood. Craft put out all
along the shore and vainly sought for
the missing couple, but found no trace
of either. A WeehawUen ferryboat
added itB passengers to the excited
witnesses of the efforts at rescue.
BAG O' BUGS STIRS UP CAR.
Fine Doings in Subway When Black
Satchtl Was Opened.
New York.—Somebody's collection
of living butterflies, moths, bugs and
insects came nearly causing a panic
on a south-bound subway train.
An elderly man, who looked like
a college professor, and who was ac
companied by a pretty girl of 15,
arose from a cross seat to alight at
Columbia University station. As the
couple went, a small, black bag was
discovered on the seat they had oc
A young man made after them, but
was assured by the girl that it was
not her property. Before her com
panion could be appealed to, he had
left the train, which started off.
The dozen other passengers in the
train, most of whom were women, be
came curious as to the contents of
the bag, and it was opened. It was
crammed full of flying insects.
Given their freedom they filled
6very corner of the car. Women
shrieked and jumped on the seats,
holding their dresses tightly around
The conductor had the passengers
transferred to another car, and the in
sects had undisturbed possession of
the first one.
Master Twice Saved by Dog
Denver, Col.—Escaping one snow*
slide to be caught by another which
buried him and swept his four horses
to, .death in a gulch near Crested
Butte, in this state, Andrew Mosher
was rescued from death by his collie
dog ,only to be caught by a third
slide and buried a second time, to he
rescued again by the same animal.
Mosher started from his home town
with supplies to the Mountain King
mine, six miles distant, and when mid
distant was caught by the slide that
buried him. With human instinct the
dog dug a tunnel into the gulch
where he had fallen and showed him
the way out. The second time he was
injured and fell into a swoon, from
which he was awakened by the paw
ing of the dog.
Mother's companion, who turned
back after the first accident, was found
almost frozen to death.
owns his own home,
He Jumped Overboard to the Rescue.
waited at the pier head at West One
Hundred and Thirty-second street to
warn them against the dangers of the
ice coating on the scow's deck, which
they must cross to reach the cabin in
He took his daughter's arm when
she and Hauscrucker arrived, and told
the latter to stay where he was for a
moment. Capt. Rice helped Mrs.
Block to the deck and led her toward
the cabin. She said she could go the
remainder of the distance in safety,
and started to run toward the cabin.
It was pitch dark, and she slipped
on the ice, fell and slid over the un
protected side into the water. Her
screams and the splash were instantly
followed by her father's efforts to save
her. He threw off his coat and jumped
overboard, caught the young woman,
and bearing her up, swam against the
rapid tide toward the scow.
"Yes, he only owes $3,875 and inter
est on it now."—Detroit Free Press.
A good story-teller is a man who
can tsil an old stozj much better than
you've ever heard it related betdlra.-—
Detroit Free Press.