Leonidas Merritt of Duluth, Who
Made First Trip to This Sec
tion in 1864, Here.
DISCOVERED. ORE AT
MOUNTAIN IRON IN 1891
Louis Merritt of Pasadena, Cal.,
One of Eight Famous Broth
ers, Also in City.
In 1864, a young explorer, one of a family
of eight sons, walked from Duluth to this
territory through woods and trails, reaching
what was the Bite of the present Virginia.
Today the same explorer, with streaks of
grey in hi* hair, but still showing the
rugged build that braved hardships in the
pioneer days, accompanied by two of his
grandchildren, now grown to womanhood,
reached Virginia in an automobile. He was
accompanied by his brother, also an ex
plorer in the old days, but now a prominent
resident of Pasadena, Calif.
The explorer is Leonidas Merritt, now a
Duluth commissioner, and his brother, Louis
Merritt, one of the famous eight Merritt
brothers whose names will always be linked
with the history and growth of the Mesaba
Reached Duluth in 1855.
The Merritt brothers are sons of Mr. and
Mrs. L. H. Merritt, New York state pio
neers, who came to Duluth from Chiogwee
county, N. Y., in 1855.
"In 1864 I made my first trip to the Me
saba Range,' 'said Leonidas Merritt this
morning at the New Fay hotel. When Mr.
Merritt first saw the site of the present
hostelry a row of trees decorated it and it was
a part of a thick woods.
We were always confident we would find
ore on the Range," he continued. "I located
the Bangor mine near Angora, in the 90's
but not until 1892 did we find ore at the
property. 1 still retain a quarter interest in
the mine. I lost my interest in the property
in 1894, but the new owners thought the
property worthless and I managed to re
purchase an interest in the Bangor. 1 am
glad I did."
First Ore Found in 1891.
"Back in 1891 after years of exploring my
brother Alfred and I found the first ore on
the Mwsaba Range at Mountain iron at the
Mountain Iron mine. We shipped the first
ore in 1893. T. C., my brother, was with
us in the trying day of 1891. All of us boys
caino to the Range in the early days. Alfred
Is dead now."
"We, Alfred and I, invested $3,000,000 on
the Range. We built the first railroad in this
section, laying tracks at Hibbing and other
points on the Range. We leased the Biwabik
mine to John Kimberly, who died several
years ago. The Misaabe Mountain mine in
Virginia, now an Oliver Iron Mining com
pany holding, we leased to John Jones, who
is now out west. Tiie Mountain Iron mine
was our big property. In addition to the
mines named, we had several smaller hold
ings. In fact, we controlled the Range.
Named Town for Them.
As he sat in the hotel, on the site of which
ha had once grubstaked, the old explorer con
tinued his reminiscences.
"The town of Merritt, near Biwabik, was
founded by O. D. Kinney, the old banker, and
named after us," Mr. Merritt continued. "We
were awell known and the townsite owners
must have believed it would help business to
use our name. I never had much to do with
the town of Merritt. In fact, 1 only visited
it once and that was to cash a cheek at the
bank. The cashier refused to honor it until
I was identified."
Holding Estimated at 920,000,000
"In 1893, Alfred and I estimated our hold
ings on the Range at $20,000,000," he de
clared. "Now we realize our old properties
were worth even more, but when we lost our
interests on the Range we did not have
enough money for car fare."
In 1893 the Consolidated Mines company
of Lake Superior secured the Merritt holdings.
"It would take a book to write about how
we lost our Mesaba Range interests," said
Mr. Merritt, as he smiled a smile that gave
him the confidence to build si second fortune
after his first earnings had been wiped away.
"In 1894 we left the Range. I do not visit
this section very often," he continued, as
his mind wandered back to the days when the
Merritts were the leaders and owners of the
little known mining section, whose resources
are now a byword in every school in the
"We opened the Minnewas mine, near your
city," Mr. Merritt continued.
Shatters Old Tradition.
Poet, philosopher and writer, Mr. Merritt
takes much interest in the history of the
Mesaba Range and is an authority on events
in this section.
"There is a tradition that a strong wind
blew over a tree, on the roots of which was
ore,' 'said Mr. Merritt. "This was supposed
to be the way in which ore was discovered on
the Range, but the fact of the matter is,
my brothers and I had found one in:i Mountain
Iron in 1891, the year before( and had blue
and test pits in ore when the Biwabik story
was circulated. It made god reading and
what you newspaper boys call a 'story,' but
1891 and not 1892 was the year when the first
Mesaba Range ore was discovered. No wind
helped us in 1891.'
Owned Acres of I and.
After his first trip to this section in 1864,
Mr. Merritt purchased large land holdings
here. There was not a house in this terri
tory when Mr. Merritt did his exploring.
Builds New Fortune.
Despite the fact that the consolidation in
1894 left him penniless, Mr. Merritt set about
to build a new fortune. Today he holds a
large interest in the Iroquois mine at Moun
tain Iron, a quarter Interest in the Bangor
mine at Aurora and a large interest in the
Section 30 property at Ely.
Alfred His Favorite Brother.
In hi* Interview It appeared that Alfred
iw Mi favorite In il)
LINER LOADED WITH SHRAPNEL
AND HIGH EXPLOSIVES FIRED
AT SEA IS IN HALIFAX HARBOR
Members Expect to Complete
Their Labors Next Week No
The board of equalization, which has been
holding daily sessions at the city hall this
week, yesterday afternoon adjourned until
Tuesday. Much detail work has been complet
ed and the board members expect to finish
their labors next week.
(By Associated Press.)
HALIFAX, Nova Scotia, July 9.—The Atlantic transport liner Min
nehaha, which caught fire Wdnesday on her way from New York to
London with 15,000 tons of war munitions aboard, after an explosion
which may hav been caused by a bomb sent aboard by Frank Holt,
J. P. Morgan's assassin, steamed slowly through the mist and drizzling
rain into Halifax harbor this morning. Wireless advices from Captain
Claret indicated that the blaze had been all but extinguished and that
all danger was apparently passed- The flames were confined to hold
No. 3, a considerable distance from the spot where were stored thous
ands of cases of cordite, loaded shrapnel shells, cartridges', oils and
other explosive materials. Precautions were taken against harming
other shipping in case of a belated explosion aboard the Minnehaha.
The liner was not permitted to come to the piers, but anchored outside
Although the board has been in session
since Tuesday, no complaints have been filed
as yet. Assessor John R. Krogdahl will not
have all his figures in shape until his con
ferences with the board are completed.
WIU FIX STATE
of the Company store at Cloquet, who re
cently purchased an interest in the W. B.
Pratt Grocery company, has taken active
charge of the buyir.g and selling departments
of the popular Chestnut street establishment.
Mr. McKenzie has been engaged in the
grocery business for 16 years and has a
thorough knowledge of the business.
Mr. McKenzie,was on the Range 23 years
ago, when the Missabe railroad extended only
to Iron Junction. He walked into Virginia.
Later he located at Kinross.
EQUALIZATION CANDIDATES FOR
BOARD ADJOURNS JOBS ON SCHOOL
UNTIL TUESDAY BOARD IN FIELD
President Michael E. Fanning, William C.
Sargeant and Edgar Kleffman, members of
the board of appraisers, appointed by Judge
H. A. Dancer of Duluth to fix the value of
the state "eighty" along the Mountain -Iron
road, desired for experimental farm purposes,
will hold their next meeting Wednesday at
the Technical high school. At that time the
appraisers will make their report on the value
of the land.
It is thought the state will appeal from the
appraisers' verdict. The appeal will likely be
taken to the supreme court. Assistant At
torney General Clifford E. Hilton is represent
ing the state in the case and is following the
appraisers' work closely.
A. B. M'KENZIE
IN PRATT STORE
George Noels will continue in charge of the
office end of the W. B. Pratt Grocery company.
Mr. McKenzie has secured apartments on
Maple street and will move his family here
from Cloquet. Mr. McKenzie is a public
spirited man and will be a welcome addition
to Virginia's business colony.
At the Rex Beautiful.
Tyrone Powers in "Aristocracy," Bronson
Howard's famous play of modern society, will
be the offering at the Rex Beautiful tonight
and tomorrow. Mr. Powers is a veteran of
the legitimate stage and has appeared in
Shakespearean asd other productions. Mr.
Howard has written many famous plays, in
cluding "Shenedoah" and others. Mr. Powers
has able support, which includes Edna Mayo,
a well known moving picture star.
Trap Drummer Shoots Self.
Axel Dahl, trap drummer in the Virginia
Military band shot himself with a blank cart
ridge, inflicting a painful burn, while playing
in the band July 4. Mr. Dahl was using a
revolver loaded with blank cartridges in the
tympany part of a descriptive overture. In
some manner the weapon was accidentally
discharged in his pocket. His injury was
slight and he is at Cook and Angora on
business for his brother, S. S. Dahl.
Will Picnic at Clear Lake.
Virginia motorcyclists will picnic at Clear
lake, near Kinney, Sunday. The local party
will gather at the Excelsior salesrooms. Two
weeks ago the cyclists picniced at Embarass
lake. Fishing, boating and picnicing are in
cluded in Sunday's plans. It is expected
about 20 motorcyclists will make the trip to
ploring work, Alfred was a heavy investor
Of the eight Merritt brothers five are still
living. Leonidas is the oldest of the five.
Louis, who is visiting here now, left Duluth
19 years ago and is residing in Pasadena.
The history of the Merritts and the Mesaba
to Duluth this afteneoa.
Persons, who will be candidates for places
on the board of education of the Independent
school district of Mountain Iron have al
ready began to announce their candidacy to
their friends. The election takes place July
16. The West Virginia school is included in
this district. It is expected that a very lively
campaign will begin within a few days.
D. E. Burley, now a member of the board
this morning told friends that he would be a
candidate for re-election. His partner last
election was Mr. Schwartz. He has not yet
signified his intention of seeking re-election,
Two members are to be elected at this elec
tion for a term of three years.
Other persons who will run for places on
the board are Gust Apull and C. V. Frazer.
It is rumored that several other persons will I
be candidates for the places but none other
have made any statements as yet.
Great interest was taken in school election I
at Mountain Iron last year, a surprisingly'
large number of persons voting.
VALUE SOON UNION MINE IS
ON IRON RANGE
The Union mine leads the shippers on the
Duluth & Iron Range Railway company line,
in this district. About 80 ears are being
loaded from this mine each day. The mines
in the Virginia, Biwabik, Gilbert and other
districts shipping over this line show a
marked increase in the amount of ore being
The Bessemer and Minorca stock piles are
being worked. About 65 cars of ore is being
I loaded from each of them daily. The Norman
mine Is shipping about the same as last week.
The Adriatic and Vivian mines in the Mls
sabe district, the Belgrade, a Pickands
Mather property, and the Monica, a Republic
Iron & Steel company property in the Biwabik
district, are all increasing their output. The
Biwabik mine is shipping about 80 cars a
day from the pit. The Schlie and Pettlt and
the Genoa and Sparta mines are shipping
from stock pile. The Hudson mine at Angora
is loading about 50 cars a day. Operations
The Corsica mine at Kinney, a Pickands
Mather company property, is a strong shipper.
In a suit brought against Gustav Fl&aten,
musical instrument dealer at Duluth, by Perry
J. Simpson of Winton through his attorney.
Peregrine of this city, a verdict was
awarded the plaintiff in the sum of $150 and
costs in Judge Ensigns court yesterday.
About a year ago the plaintiff purchased
from Flaaten a violin represented to be worth
a considerable sum because of its antiquity
and for which the plaintiff paid $150. Ap
praisals of the instrument by expert violin
ists later proved that the violin an ordinary
one and worth about $35. On the grounds
that Simpson was a minor at the time of the
purchase. Judge Ensign ruled that the contract
refunded. Prof. O. J. Olson of this city was
one of the witnesses on behalf of the plaintiff.
Install Cement Sidewalk.
Jukola Brothers are making preparations
for the laying of a cement sidewalk on the
west and north sides of the building on
Wyoming avenue and Pine street. John Hara
is in charge of the work, wnieh will be done
by day labor. Bids were advertised for by
the board of directors, but it was decided to
do the work by day labor.
Motor to Virginia.
Mrs. William Gringer and sons and Miss
Libbie Geisenfeld of Milwaukee arrived in the
city today for an extended visit at the home
I of their sister, Mrs. Harry Shanedling. They
made the trip from Duluth to Virginia by
automobile, motoring here in Samuel Geisen
feld's car. Mr. Geisenfeld is a resident of
Back from Minneapolis.
Range has been given in magazines and books, suffering from a severe attack of pneumonia,
and the Merritt boys are regarded as the best was taken to his home at Duluth today. He
known of Minnesota pioneers. is still in a weak condition, but his
Joseph Milavetz, son of Mr. and Mrs. Sam
uel Milavetz of Cedar street, returned last
night from a nextended visit in Minneapolis.
While in the Mill city he witnessed many
American Association games, but believes
association ball is not much faster than the
brand displayed in the Northen league.
Taken to Duluth.
Arthur Nelson, who has been a patient
at the Lenont hospital for several weeks,
The Merritta and their party will return friends here hope he will ijiake a complete
[and speedy recovery.
VIRGINIA, ST. LOUIS COUNTY, MINNESOTA FRIDAY, JULY 9. 1916.
J. L. Kimball, roadmaster for the Duluth,
Mlssabe & Northern is one of the pioneers of
Virginia and has held his present position
for many years. He is an authority on early
J. L. KIMBAMJ.
day history on the Ranges and has served
several terms on the city council. Although
well advanced in years, Mr' Kimball is still
active and in point of service is one of the
Missabe's oldest employes.
HOST TO EDITORS
EARLY IN AUGUST
Two-Hundred Scribes to Visit
City Aug. 8 Lunch and In
spection Trips Planned.
Two hundred Minnesota editors will be
guests of the Virginia Commercial club and
local newspapermen Sunday, Aug. 8. The
editors will arrive here from Duluth in the
morning in a special train.
They will be entertained at luncheon at
one of the local hotels. Following the lunch
eon the editors will be taken to local mines,
mills and schools.
August 6 and 7 the editors will visit Du
luth and Superior, making trips on Lake
Superior and St. Louis river. The scribes
will be headed by A. G. jR^ledge of Minne
apolis. formerly managinrwltdr of the Be
midji Daily Pioneer and well known northern
After their, stay here the editors will visit
Hibbing. Many southern Minnesota scribes
will be in the party.
IN ITS BUSINESS
Work on the Canadian Northern Railway
company's line is steadily increasing. There
is at present employed by that company 20
regular crews and five extras. Nine of the
crews are employed at Duluth and 11 at
the pit at that mine have been discon- Virginia.
Heavy shipments of logs continue from the
Cusson camps. Daily five all-log trains and
two mixed trains come into this city and are
unloaded at the Virginia & Rainy Lake Lum
ber company's landing in Virginia lake. The
daily shipment of logs consists of 220 tiers.
The logs are being removed from the lake
at Cusson because it is believed they will
sink in the lake there which has considerable
depth. It would be a difficult matter to re
was annulled~and ordered ^e purchase 'price' Pr°Prietor of the Gilbert hotel, Dr. L. E.
BY WATER TRIP BASEBALL AT
BIWABIK, July 9.—Samuel Owens of Eve
leth, E. I. Casey of this city, and J. C. Beattie.
Storbeck and David Owens yesterday returned
from Vermilion lake where they have been
fishing. Thei trip from Tower to Bass lake
was made by boat and was enjoyed by the
Socialist Speaks Here.
Arrive for Visit.
Mrs. H. Kopf and children of Elgin, N. D.,
arrived in the city last night for an extended
visit at the home of Mr. Kopf's parents, Mr.
and Mrs. F. Meyers of Spruce street and with
Mr. and Mrs. Julius Shanedling. Mrs. Shan
edling and Mrs. Kopf are sisters.
Harry Anderson, an Eveleth mail carrier,
was in the city last evening en route from
Winona to his home. He attended the mail
carriers* convention at Winona. En route
he also visited at Barrows, Minn.
Returns from Cities.
M. K. Baer, credit manager of Shanedling
Clothing company, returned yesterday from
MATTER FOR THE
Complaints -i#ere made by several persons
this morning that a street fakir was last
evening dispensing drinks of unknown char
acter from a public cup at the corner of
Chestnut street and Mesaba avenue. The
drink is being sold as a cure for worms and
other ailments and from the manner in which
it is sold was relished by Virginians.
Those who partook of the cup will not
divulge the secret why it is taken with such
relish. It is hinted about the streets this
morning that the purported worm cure la in
the greater part composed of liquor.
Citizens are not, however, complaining of
the drink ,but of the manner in which it is
being dispensed. It has been suggested that
it would be well for the health board to in
vestigate the matter.
BEING MADE FOR
John Trimble, J. A. Prince and Patrick
Hedican, members of the committee on ar
rangements are preparing for the first annual
picnic to be given under the auspices of the
Virginia and other Range town homesteads
of Yoemen at Ely lake September 6. It is
expected that about 3000 persons will partici
pate in this affair as it is open to the public.
Each member of any of the Range home
steads, who is instrumental in securing a
member for the lodge before that time will
have his expenses to the picnic paid by the
lodge. This plan has worked out very well
in Two Harbors where it has been in practice
for several years and Yoemen picnics there
have always been big affairs.
Mayor Michael Boylan will make a speech.
Being a member of the lodge Mr. Boylan has
promised not to further engage his services
on that day but will take an active part in the
celebration. He has asuresd the services of
the City band, which will furnish music for
dancing. Dancing will be in the afternoon
and evening at the Pavilion.
It is expected that several of the state
officers will be present at the picnic.
The Virginia homestead of Yeomen is also
preparing to give a dance July 17.
Jitneurs operating from Virginia to its
locations and to West Virginia are in favor
of an ordinance requiring the payment of a
license fee, as it is believed by this means,
with the proper enforcement of the ordinance
private cars can be kept out of the business.
An ordinance providing that jitneurs pay a
license of $25 a year is now pending before
the city council and will probably be acted
on at a meeting to be held soon.
party the weather being idtal. The party will take on the fast Pete Burtness nine of
motored to Vermilion lake the first of the
week. They have had a successful fishing
trip, bringing back more than 100 fine pike.
J. G. Soltis, organizer for the Socialist
party, will give addresses from the corner
of Chestnut street and Mesaba avenue on
"The War," "The Worker" and "Socialism
and Industrial Unionism," tomorrow, Sunday
and Monday evenings. Mr. Soltis was one
of the principal speakers at the Finnish
Socialist mid-summer day carnival here last
month and is a pleasing speaker.
GERMANY'S ANSWER TO NOTE
OF PRESIDENT WILSON WILL BE
IN HANDS OF CABINET SOON
(By Associated Press*)
WASHINGTON, July 9.—The delivery of Germany's reply the
American note to Ambassador Gerard in Brlin last night should^ing
the official text to the state department here probably tomorrow a^d
undoubtedly by Sunday. President Wilson is expected to return frbiL
the summer White House at Cornish, New Hampshire to lay the re
ply before a cabinet meeting Tuesday. All the officials here realize
that there has probably been an essential change from the form in
which the reply was outlined by the Berlin foreign office to Ambassa
dor Gerard. On the basis of that outline the American government de
clined to engage in any supplementary negotiations because Germ
any's proposals were regarded as such that the United States could
not accept them without the sacrifice of many of her rights
(SPECIAL TO THE ENTERPRISE.)
COOK, Minn. ,July 9.—Just to show their
supremacy in the Little Fork valley base
ball circuit, Frank Carr's Cook Conquerers
harvesters from the town of Lind Sunday
afternoon on the local lot. L. Flynn and E.
Erickson will constitute the battery for the
local boys and Durant and Carpenter will de
liver and receive on the opposing team.
At Sand Lake.
a weeks business trip to the twin cities and urer at Buhl. She is a graduate of the 1914
^©tfcer sauthero Minnesota »oiaU. ^ela«a of the Buhl hifh school.
Mrs. Edward Ala, Miss Melia Ala, who is
a guest at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Edward
Ala, Miss Fannie Anderson, are enjoying an
outing at Sand lake for a few days. Mr. Ala 1
will go there tomorrow evening and spend
Sunday. The party is camping in a tent.
Return to Virginia.
Mrs. Alex Keller and children, who have
been making their home at Milwaukee for
several months, are expected to return here
today to resume their residence in Virginia.
They will occupy their former residence on
Visitor Here Yesterday.
Thad S. Bean, attorney from Buhl was a
visitor here yesterday on business. Mr. Bean
is still practicing in Buhl and has not yet
decided when he will move his law offices to
Hibbing and begin practice in that village.
Miss Helen Renlund of Buhl was a visitor
here last evening. Miss Renlund is employed
as assistant in the office of the village treas-
TWO DAYS FOR
Agricultural Exhibit and Con*
test to Be a Feature Com
mercial Club Interested.
A suggestion that this year's agricultural
entertainment here be more extensive than
the Farmers' day held in previous years is
being well received over the city.
"We should give the farmers a real enter
tainment," said President M. A. Murphy of
the Commercial club. "The plan to hold the
fair and exhibit in the early fall is good and
will be considered at a meeting of the club
Thursday night. We can not start too early
on making plans for a successful entertain
It is believed the curling rink will be used
for the exhibit and fair. "We have more
farmers than ever and the roads are good,"
President Murphy continued. "Virginia
should not lose its hold on the farmers'
trade and good will."
Favors Fair Grounds.
The plans for the entertainment which pro
vide for a two-day fair were well received
by Cashier B. F. Britts of the First National
bank, who suggested that the Commercial
club make efforts to secure a fair grounds
site between Gilbert and Virginia. He be
lieves the club can secure a lease on a piece
of ground from the Oliver Iron Mining com
"We cannot start too soon In working for
a fair grounds site/ said Mr. Britts this
morning. "Hibbing has us beaten In this
respect. We need a race track course and all
the features that fair grounds provide. I
I believe land can be secured from the mining
companies. We should work for the fair
Boosts for Fair.
Richard L. Griggs, chairman of the Com
mercial club's good roads committee, who is
a close student of farming and road con
ditions in this district, is boosting for the
fall agriculturali entertainment and today
made the following statement:
"I am in favor this coming fall of a larger
and more extensive agricultural entertainment
in Virginia than has ever been given before.
More time and money should be devoted to it
^nd more thorough preparation. It will
strengthen our friendship with the farmers
now tributary to us and the advertising to
result will be one of the surest ways of
bringing in new settlers. Co-operation with
the farmer means more than just the words— German Southwest Africa and headed an in
it means real, substantial co-operation and
MAY BE HELD
HERE AUG. 1
The change in the Northern league, result
ing from the dropping of Superior and Grand
Forks from the Burmelster loop, has caused
Alderman Ernie F. Murray and others to
choose Aug. 1 for "Boosters" day. July 18
was the original date, but Duluth will not be
here on that date and the Ore Diggers will
be at Fargo. Fargo will play here on Aug. 1.
The original plans provided for the ap
pearance here of the 11 bands of the Northern
Minnesota Band league. Last night Alder
man Murray conferred with William Mc
Donald and James Sisel, City band members,
regarding the change in the Booster day date.
The committee wired President H. H. Ham
mel of the league for permission to change
the date to Aug. 1. Mr. Hammel resides at
Two Harbors and Alderman Murray, father
of "Boosters' Day," plans to make a personal
call on him.
The automobile races at Hibbing July 18
would also conflict with the band league's
gathering here, as the Grand Rapids and
Hibbing bands plan to play at the races.
The different .towns represented in the
musical league will be visited by Alderman
Murray and other "Booster Day" supporters
to induce the bands to agree to the Aug. 1
The plans for Aug. 1 provide for a double
header between the Fargo and Virginia clubs,
with field events preceding the games. Fungo
hitting, base running and throwing will be
included in the events.
Fargo will bring many new faces here, In
cluding Otis Clymer, veteran outfielder, at
one time a Washington American, Flaherty,
formerly with Grand Forks, and Infielder
Bobbie Nifnecker of the 1914 Flickertails.
Return fms Wedding Trip.
Captain and Mrs. Edward Scallon returned
last evening from their wedding trip which
was spent in an outing at Beta Gels, Kee
weenaw Point, Michigan. They will reside
for the present at the borne of Mrs. Scal
e's mother, lis*. N. Fftmtt
that offers the surest way in the long run I operations from time to time were re
for Virginia to continue to progress. Farm- I Por^ to uniformly successful. Botha is
ers are the only people in the world who have! cre^'ted with conducting a masterly campaign,
trees of perpetual life that grow money. Its! during which his troops suffered great priva
up to us to foster the growth of those trees
so as to share in the picking."
Fighting Continues With Heavy
Losses to Both Sides and
Little Progress in Galicia.
BATTLE ZONE IS IN
VICINIT\ OF WARSAW
Rusisans Claim Severe Blow to
Are in Full Retreat.
(BY ASSOCIATED PRESS.)
LONDON, July 9.—German military activ
ities while lessening in Galician southern
Poland war fields are apparently in full swing
again along the front to the west and north
west of Warsaw.
The latest official statement from Petrograd
indicates this and records attacks on Russian
positions at Sevenera and several other points.
Heavy losses were inflicted upon the Germans
in an assault near Jednorojtz in the Przafcnyz
district, the Russians report, but near Bolinow,
almost directly west of Warsaw an attack in
which poisonous gases were employed resulted
in storming the first line of trenches. In some
of these the Germans gained a foothold.
Fighting there is reported as continuing.
Petrograd declares that the blow dealt the
Austrians south of Lublin is being foHowed
up, the Teutonic forces there being In retreat
with the Russians in pursuit.
MEN IS NEED
OF ENGLAND SAYS
(BY ASSOCIATED PRESS.)
LONDON, July 9.—Lord Kitchener, ad
dressing a great mass meeting in the big
English recruiting campaign here, declared
that England's need in the war now "is
men and more men." He appealed to his
hearers to give every possible aid to t'
widespread campaign for recruits,
he said had led him to make this publicly
IN SOUTHWEST OF
AFRICA GIVE UP
(BY ASSOCIATED PRESS.)
PRETORIA, South Africa, July 9.—Gen
eral Botha, commander of the forces of the
Union of South Africa, has accepted the sur
render of all the German military forces in
German Southwest Africa after suppressing
the rebellion against British authority in the
Union of South Africa. General Botha took
command of the British operations against
territory late in February,
tions, but continued their successes.
Test Well is Being Sunk on Lum
ber Company's Land to the
South of the City.
A test well is being sunk by the water
and light department of the city of Virginia
on the Virginia & Rainy Lake Lumber
company's forty just south of the Williams
addition for the purpose of exploring the
available water supply in case of a short
age in the city's supply. The shaft is already
down more than 30 feet and in an abundant
flow of water. When the shaft gets down to
the gravel bed, casing will be driven and all
preparations made for pumping.
When the well Is developed it is planned to
construct a concrete wall about the well
down as far as the clay formation. In this
manner it is believed possible to keep all
surface water out of the well.
The sha£t being sunk is a regular mining
shaft. This kind of a shaft is being used
in order to facilitate the Installation of the
pumps when the well is completed.
Present Indications are that in 10 days the
well will be in condition to make a test and
determine the quantity and quality of the
The city's water supply has materially
lessened during the past few years. This is
due in part to the extension of the mains
and the increasing patronage and to the fact
that the wells are not running as strong as
a few years ago. The well now being de
veloped is believed necessary by (he water
and light department to make up the water
supply to its present capacity.
Since the new 1,000,000 gallon capacity
reservoir was put into use by the department
at its plant the city's fire protection has been
considerably, increased. For the time being
the old reservoir, which has a capacity of ons
quarter of a million gallons Is out of use.
Later it Is planned to connect the two reser
voirs and to use the new one for a reserve
tank, in ease of fires and for settling tank
for the black sediment which Is in the water.
Four wells furnish the city with its water
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