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U TZZ2Z2EZ 7 "* ODEL is a word of many meanings. Generally ■ speaking, a model is an object to be reproduced by imitation. Of course a model may represent a perfect type that cannot be reproduced but fur nishes an ideal aim. In mathematics it is something mental ly conceived. In foundries it is the actual mold in which the metal is cast. Living persons are employed as models in art life classes; women as demon strators of the style of 'costumes. In geography models are globes, maps and other representations; in sculp ture, figures of plastic materials; in anatomy, reproductions of the human form; in mechanical science, machines. In pure mathematics and geometry, models of papier-mache are used to present the precise form of figures and curves. Models of vessels are used to test their speed and capacity. The largest collection of models in the world is probably in the United States Patent Office at Washington, in asmuch as models of many of the ar ticles patented are to be seen. Having discovered models at last, America is taking very kindly to them. In view of their usefulness, the popu larity of models is not surprising, but considering their expensiveness it is, for a fine model may cost as much as a comfortable house. “Model” being a word comprehend ing such a great variety of things, it should be explained that the particular kind of models herein referred to are the reproduction in miniature of structures designed by architects. In any case these scale models, so-called from their being proportioned in some exact ratio to the real structure, serve the same purpose that the sculptor’s clay study does; that is, they embody Ideas in concrete forms, thus reveal ing faults which may the more readily be corrected before work on the ac tual structure is undertaken. Of architectural models there are two kinds; the scale models in which the building or any part thereof is reproduced on a small scale, and the full-sized models made for the guid ance of the stone-cutter or the wood carver in work of the higher grade, jhoth are made of the same material, plaster of paris, direct from the archi tect’s drawings. The biggest job of architectural modeling on record was that in con nection with the building of the New York Public Library, now completed. Modelers were at work on this great task for a period of several years, sometimes as many as twenty of them being engaged at once. Altogether ?125,000 was spent on models for this ten-mlllion-dollar structure. The architectural model-maker first •works out the architect’s Idea in clay, using his fingers to daub the clay upon a board. By patting, pinching and pulling he works the clay into a shape, occasionally using a few carving tools or a loop of wire to finish off with. Usually his instructions are to make a rather free interpretation of the orna mental features, and even of some other details, for the original draw ings are likely to be more suggestive than specific. Teach Pleasant Ways Quite often really well-meaning children are disliked because of (heir habit of saying disagreeable things, truths perhaps, but still best left un said. Telling truths that hurt is the very surest and swlfteat way to win an enemy and lose a friend, and the mother who neglects to add this cau tion to her “do's” and “don’ts” is leaving an Important point neglected. If there is one inalienable birthright Altogether Too Frank, When I was 14, a new scholar came to our school. He was a boy, one year my junior, and he and I fell deeply in love with each other. We exchanged love letters, and he thought that I was the sweetest girl that he ever saw. Everything was lovely until one morning I came to school one of my eyes all red and swollen and a big sty on it. He looked at me for awhile, and suddenly exclaimed: “You homely beast!” That ended our love a flair. —Chicago Journal. After the clay has been approved by the architect it is treated to a coat of shellac, then a light coat of grease. It is then encased in a rough plaster form so that a melted preparation of gelatine may be poured upon the face. When cold this gelatine is as elastic as rubber, so that it may be pulled from the irregular face of the model without injury. After being hardened with alume this gelatine impression serves as a mold into which plaster of paris is poured. Burlap or jute fiber is scattered over the wet plaster to hold the brittle stuff together, after which another coating of plaster is poured on. In making scale models wires or strips of metal may be used as rein forcement. Whenever a detail, such as a column, or a capital or a window or a decorative detail is repeated the modeler makes a mold for a single unit and then casts as many pieces as are required. are then assem bled and cemented in place with fresh plaster. Finally the sections are as sembled and the model is finished by “pointing up,” or dressing down the rough parts and filling up imperfec tions. Another important use for models is in the building of ships. Lest anyone should underestimate the Importance of the marine model it should be ex plained that they perform many use ful services. For one thing marine models have played an Important part in making England mistress of the seas. Marine museums, the principal features of which are models of ships, are numerous in England. A marine model may be of any dimensions required from life-size down. Visitors at the Chicago World’s Fair in 1893 will recall the life-size model of the battleship “Illinois,” done in wood and staff, in one of the la goons in Jackson Park. Although architects on land and sea are the principal users of models they by no means exhaust the list. A recently developed use for models, which is rapidly extending, is in sell ing goods. Some manufacturers of special machinery employ no salesmen. When an inquiry for a machine is re ceived a working model is sent. This tells its own story more convincingly than the most eloquent words. The Inquirer returns the model with his order, whereupon it goes to the next prospective customer. Express charges on the “silent salesman” are cheaper than railroad fares for the of a child It Is love, and it is almost criminal negligence anon the part of that mother who allows some disagree able trait to flourish until it has de stroyed the little one’s chance for af fection and tenderness at the hands of the universe that, after all, judges so much by results, since it has not the time nor the patience to consider the cause.—Detroit News. Superior and Ireland Same Size. Lake Superior, the Victoria Nyanea and Ireland are about the same size. Gas Wells in Poland The natural gas production in former Austrian Poland Is steadily growing and gas pipe conduits are be ing speedily built by the government as well as by private enterprises. The production is rapidly developing, es pecially in the districts of Boryslaw. Tustanowlee and Krosno, and is most remarkable, because of the extra ordinary high pressure of the gas wells. The Belalan concern, Water- more loquacious kind, and there are no hotel bills to be paid. Ileal estate salesmen not infrequent ly use models of properties to effect sales. This is too expensive a method, however, to be generally used, unless the model represents a standard type of building or dwelling which can be erected anywhere. In the case of one American real estate man a model showing both the interior and exterior, the top being removable, was used. Enterprising manufacturers who support city sales rooms have models of their plants for exhibition in the show windows. This class of models, together with relief maps such as are shown at expositions, has proved of value in advertising a manufacturer’s products. Models of street corners, roadways, bridges, buildings and the like are often used in litigation in courts, for they make clear to, a jury as nothing else can the locale of an accident or crime. What Jersey Commuter Sees. “The Jersey commuter has one great advantage over you subway riders these November evenings,” a man who lives in the Oranges remarked to his friend who lives in Washington Heights, according to the New York Sun. "Between 4:30 and 6 o’clock he gets a view from the rear of his ferry boat that is equaled nowhere else in the world. “Owing to the short days the sky scrapers are lighted shortly after four o’clock and when the commuter be gins his voyage across the Hudson lower New York has been transformed into a fairyland of glittering crystal towers.” The practical citizen from the Heights agreed that it must be nice. “But I couldn’t enjoy it,” he said, “for speculating on the cost per hour of all the electricity they’re burning.” Plaything for House Pet. A plaything for cats has been pat ented by Edith F. Kettle, of Medford, Mass’ It is a small, short metal cyl inder with perforated ends aud is meant to contain catnip. The end pieces are merely paper discs easily inserted in ring-shaped openings pro vided for them. The toy rolls about, and for that reason is attractive. The catnip Invites by its smell, and pussy manages, after a while, to claw through one of the paper ends and get at the contents. Early Days of Baseball. At the second championship game between the Atlantics of Brooklyn and the Athletics of Philadelphia in 1866 the game was called at the end of the seventh inning on account of darkness. The score was tied at 33 runs. —Union Pacific Bulletin. Lines to Be Remembered. Remember this —that there is a proper dignity and proportion to be observed in the performance of every act of life.—Marcus Aurelius. keyn & Co., in Mencinka, district of Krosno, owns a well producing 250 cubic meters of gas a minute. The average production of gas wells in those Galician districts amounts to the astonishing figure of 80 cubic meters per well per minute. (The American average Is 1 cubic meter per well per minute.) Oil Substitute Found. A linseed oil substitute made from native raw materials has been invented in Sweden. THE ELY MINER, ELY, MINN. Frock and Wrap Straight-Lines Newer Garments Are Thrilling; the Silhouette Pleasing, Authority Asserts. Gowns From France Grow More Pic turesque, Though Their General Outlines Remain According to Established Precedent. From the straight-line frock we can’t seem to break away—even by way of Paris, observes a fashion authority in the New York Times. Everything that comes across the water does more to accentuate that line, far from stealing into any less favored paths. Don’t think for a moment that this tendency to straighten out the silhouette has anything of monotony about it. On the contrary, it seems as though the line had infinite possibilities of devel opment. We think that every known angle has been exhausted, and then— lo and behold! there appears a totally original conception of the same line. The newer frocks are thrilling, that is all there Is to It. And the prayer of the American woman, that the straight silhouette at last seems to have its an swer always in the affirmative. Gowns grow more picturesque as time goes on, even though their gen eral outlines remain quite according to established precedent. The black and white dress follows that liking for the strong contrast of the ftvo colors which is so character istic of Parisian dresses just now. Only the sleeves and the portion of the bodice from which they spring are of white —white georgette. The rest of the gown is made of a beautiful soft black velvet, trimmed around the bot tom of the skirt with chenille lace done into an interesting pattern of decoration. Cuffs Are Attractive. The cuffs of the sleeves are, per haps, the most attractive part of this dress, for they accentuate that width about the lower portions of the sleeves which, just at the present time, adds an indescribable air of smartness to any gown. There are those who pre dict that the wide sleeve will shortly disappear from fashion’s ways—in fact that it has already run its course. But It cannot be said in regard to the newer models that this statement has been in the least way demonstrated. The cuffs seem to be even wider and more picturesque. Then the French are so pleasant about everything they design. They have actually managed to create long sleeves that really do not get in one’s way, and that by reason of the subtle things they do to them. For instance, the ends of the longer sleeves are more apt than not to be decorated with some very heavy trimming on the end of a lightweight material. Now, this weighting does a real service in that it automatically drops back the sleeve as the arm is held up. So, as one reaches for something, one finds that the sleeve is being miraculously lifted from all contact with bric-a-brac along the way, just because the heavy cuff is realizing its own part in the game. You will find this happening over and over again on the French dresses. Do not be afraid to try wearing one of them, for your imagination has beea wrong in picturing their awkwardness. They are so graceful, indeed, that they promptly Impel you to throw your arms about In competition with the rhythmic dancers. You become fasci nated with the manners of your own sleeves, and it seems interesting to see just how cleverly they will behave. The sleeves on a coat are made on this same general plan, and with the same subtle reasoning lying behind the Of Heavy One of Drecoll’s coats is made of heavy black satin, and for its lining there is all that “extraness” we have just been describing. The fur about the neck and sleeves is gray, the em broidery which is concentrated on the sleeves is also done in gray, aud the lining, to repeat the general color scheme, is a soft gray crepe. This desire for black and r r ay has become a general one during this pres ent winter season. In all sorts and conditions of wraps and ways the union of the two colors is demon strated. Really, one feels out of the general running if one has not at least one. costume made of these two colors. Each of them seems to give life to the other, and it may be said that seldom has a combination of two Shades be come so generally flattering. The black coats trimmed with cara cul or squirrel or any of the other gray furs are much in demand. The blacks are those materials which have thick, heavy naps, and which by rea son of this texture manage to look so much blacker than the usual blacks. There is nothing dingy or dull about CHOOSING WOOL AND SILK SCARFS Must Be Selected With Thoughts Cen tered Upon Combination With Other Garments. The counters in the shops are weighted down with woolen and with silk scarfs. Most of them are lovely in themselves, but in combination with a suit they either have their charms low ered or heightened in a most remark able manner. They must be chosen with the thoughts centered upon the two as a combination. For instance, a darkish suit can stand a brilliant scarf and hat t* match, with sometimes stockings to repeat ths contrasting color note. But a more colorful suit must have grays and taupes In the way of scarf and hat, so that it shall show Its own color without too much inter ruption. One of the most interesting scarf and suit combinations seen was a suit of soft green, with a warm, gray camel’s hair scarf and a pulled-down hat made of the same material, with but a bit of a green grosgrain ribbon tied around ■I - manner of their fur edging. Sleeves of this character will be seen on many of the new afternoon coats, and all one can say for them is that they cer tainly have a way of making the coat about as graceful a garment as has at any time been seen in any wardrobe. The fact is that the modern coat is running a close second to the gown for Interest in design and for general be comingness. In the past there has been some reason to complain that coats were clumsy in appearance or that they ran to the other extreme and were overdone in the way of ginger bread trimmings. But now all of that has been artistically overcome in both directions. The coats and wraps strike that happy medium of design which is so desirable and so filled with charm. There is no reason why the coat now adays should not be just as becoming as the frock. Sometimes It is even more so. But it is an inspiring experi- One of Drecoli’s Ideas of Afternoon Coat in Black Satin- ence for any woman to be able to wear a beautiful gown covered by a beauti ful wrap. The coats are warm, too, by reason of their featherweight and woolen in terlinings. There is nothing obvious about woolens in these modern days— nothing too plain and unbeautiful. They are all concealed under soft chif fons and silks and velvets and duve tynes. But they are on hand none the less to defy any cold breezes and to make the winter weather pleasant no matter what the social occasion. Timo was, you know, when if one cared to be interesting looking in winter then one made up one’s mind to freeze gently but willingly. There was no chance for gracefulness combined with warmth. But now’ all that has changed, and the more delicate a wrap looks the more one may be sure that it has tucked away in its innards some fairy paddings that guarantee it for winter. Jack Satin their surfaces, for they shine and glit ter In the sunlight, raising them com pletely out of the funereal class. Black of this character does not seem to be black, but is really a color, especially when it has some gray surfaces to show it in delightful contrast Then there must always be considered those gray stockings with black shoes, which do so much to accentuate the color scheme by repetition. And gray suede gloves are just about as good as any thing that has ever been popular for the covering of the hands. They are much more in key than white ones could be and not nearly so difficult to keep looking the pink of perfection. Color in these afternoon wraps is not so greatly in evidence as might have been imagined from advance re ports. Still, one sees coats of deep purple, and those of the reddish tones which are awfully good looking. A deep red Kasha cloth cape, trimmed with wide collar and cuffs of caracul, is an interesting importation. And a purple velvet wrap made very full and spacious Is trimmed with lavish band ings of dyed squirrel. • the crown as a suggestion of trimming. It Is strange that black does not seem to fit with these lighter toned ma terials. The accessories to them are much more in keeping when they are kept soft and light in tone. Fur hats are good with tweed suits, and more than once at recent social events there were seen tweed suits minus trimming of any sort worn with tight and high turbans made wholly of fur. These are even newer than the fur scarfs and collars, though one can not promise that they will be as great a contribution to the general warmth of the person. Children’s Coats. Many children’s coats shown for w’inter wear have overcaps or cape sleeves. Large, soft plaids are popu* lar in the fabrics chosen for the little ones’ coats and wraps. For the very small girl, the coat or black velvet is smart, especially when the hat de signed to accompany it carries a vivid color note. , T-. * THE PHOTOGRAPH By MOLLIE MATHER Copyright, 1222, Wentern Newspaper Union. Janey sat looking at her adored friend. “Why,” she asked impulsively, “do you never have your picture taken, Mollie? I have not seen one in the house, and you w’ould —■” Janey’s eyes were caressing, “make such a lovely picture.” Miss Mollie Deming, spinster, smiled. “No one w’ould value my photo graph, unless it might be you,” she replied. “My relatives would doubt less write polite notes of appreciation when they received them, and rele gate them to some unremembered cor ner.” “You know better than that,” Janey jeered. She jumped to her feet. “Anyway, I want a picture and I am going to have it. You look especially lovely today, like some sweet shepherd ess lady, with your soft crinkly white hair, and your true-blue eyes. Poor Terry will be glad of a job. He really should have been an artist in the city. Sentiment, holding him here, alone pre vented.” Mollie Deming laughed, when she and the girl Jane were at home again. “Terry posed me so many times and w’as altogether painstaking, that his efforts should be rewarded with suc cess,” she said. “You looked —” Janey mused, “so pretty, and, sort of wistful, sitting there —Mollie! Do you know, that is the way your eyes alw’ays impress me, by their wistfulness? Tell me, please, did you have an unhappy love affair? I wonder so much about you at times— I suppose, because I love you. I would be your confidante, Mollie.” The older woman gazed tenderly, thoughtfully, into the eager young -face upraised to hers. “People would tell you —your own mother may have told you, Janey—that I was in a careless, unthinking way, noted years ago for my conquests. It w r as at the time considered clever to flaunt one’s captivating power. And I—well, w’ell, there were many young men who came to my uncle’s home, and I, uncle’s ward and charge, played a merry game of hearts with them all, my own heart ever untouched in the game. Some day, I hoped to find my true love, to marry and settle down to a life of devotion. And when he came, my own leve, I knew him; knew him instantly, by the thrill of joy that filled my days. And he loved me. That, I did not doubt. Why doubt the sincerity of this man, when others had been sincere? I think I lived in a dream —■” Miss Mollie’s eyes were misty, across the years; still her voice trembled its sorrow. “I live on in that dream of the past,” she ended, sadly. Janey’s hands went out to her. “He died then?” she questioned—“your lover?” “I almost wish that I might tell you so.” Mollie hesitated. “No,” she added, “for the first time, I w’lll speak the truth. It was thought that John Douglas, like others, had been jilted. But one knew, and after John disappeared this friend of his came and told me the truth. It was I whom John Douglas had jilted, heartlessly, and with a purpose. The friend said that he had been instructed to tell me that John deliberately planned my punishment, as he had deliberately, and oh, so skillfully, acted his part. “He was charming in manner, you see, and well known for his winning way with women. So, coming to our small town, and hearing of my merry, never-may-care flirtations, John Doug las confidently and successfully planned the retaliation of winning my own heart, to cast it as carelessly away. But this I could not guess, as he held me close in his arms and bade me goodby, until tomorrow. “ ‘Tomorrow,’ he promised gently, ‘I will come back to you. Tomorrow, my dearest, watch for me.’ “So, through all the tomorrow I have watched and waited; and have lived how wearily no one may know—my punishment.” When Janey framed her friend’s photograph and placed it upon her dresser, she was moved distressfully later to hide that same photograph away. For the sadness of Mollie’s pictured eyes had a provoking trick of bringing quick tears to her own. “That man!” exclaimed Janey con temptously. “Fancy being true to the memory of such a creature.” Then one day, as .Janey entered un announced Miss Mollie’s sitting room, she facecj a picture. And the two central figures facing the picture con tinued, happily, oblivious of her pres ence. “It was fate!” the distinguished ap pearing man was saying, and even in her astonishment Janey responded sympathetically to the sincerity of that voice. “When I thought that I had utterly lost you, Mollie —when the never-ceas ing longing brought me back to this old town to view again, if only in secret, your face, I came upon that photograph In Terry’s window. You, Mollie, had only forgiveness in the sweetness of your expression—had only grieved appeal in your eyes. So I am here, dearest, for that punish ment I would have inflicted upon you has long been my own.” Janey closed the door noiselessly be hind her, and when she was again in her own room, she hummed a gay little song as she searched out her friend’s picture and replaced it upon the dresser. Persia Now Educates Women. In Persia, where parents at one time were glad to be rid of little girls and willingly sold them for a few dollars, there is now a strong desire for edu cated womanhood, as evidenced by the establishment of Industrial and other schools for girls. **X” is the Greek equivalent to “Ch,” and so the initial letter of the Greek name “Christoa.” From this letter the Abbreviation “Xmas” for Christmas Is believed to have been derived. - CRAMPS, PAINS ANDJACKACHE St Louis Woman Relieved by Lydia E. Pinkham’s Veg etable Compound St. Louis, Mo. —“l was bothered with cramps and pains every month and I- ...hiihI had backache and LUll|||| had to go to bed as I MUil could not work. My mother and my S whole family always S took Lydia E. Pink- W* H ham’s Vegetable i a Compound for such *'* 1 troubles and they j induced me to try it Will and it h as helped me very much. I don’t ”1 have cramps any Imnre, and I can do my housework all through the month. I recommend your Vegetable Compound to my friends for female troubles.”— Mrs. Della Scholz, 1412 Salisbury Street, St. Louis, Mo. * Just think for a moment. Lydia E. Pinkham’s Vegetable Compound has been in use for nearly fifty years. It is prepared from medicinal plants, by the utmost pharmaceutical skill, and supe rior methods. The ingredients thus combined in the Compound correct the conditions which cause such annoying symptoms as had been troubling Mrs. Scholz. The Vegetable Compound exer cises a restorative influence of the most desirable character, correcting the trou ble in a gentle but efficient manner. This is noted, by the disappearance, one after another, of the disagreeable symptoms. Keep Clean Internal cleanliness means health. Without forcing or irri tating, Nujol softens the food waste. The many tiny muscles in the in testines can then easily remove it regularly. Ab solutely harmless—try it. a of Treating an Old pL. Complaint __ 16799 DIED in New York City alone from kid ney trouble last year. Don’t allow yourself to become a victim by neglecting pains and aches. Guard against this trouble by taking GOLD MEDAL The world’s standard remedy for kidney, liver, bladder and uric acid troubles. Holland’s National Remedy since 1696. All druggists, three sizes. Iwlr for the name Gold Medal on every box and accept no imitation Comfort Your Skin With Cuticura Soap and Fragrant Talcum Soap 25c, Ointment 25 and 50c, Talcum 25c. Fl S H —■ FINEST CATCH IN Y EARS; Prices Low Your name and address on a postal card will brine our complete list of Fish and Sundries. Badger Flab Co . Dept. G,Green Bay, Win. All Sorts. “You say your magazine is Intended for people who think. 1 fear its circu lation will be small.” “Oh, no. There is a larsrer class composed of people who think they think. We’ll get them, too.” —Louis- ville Courier-Journal. So much common sense consists -in saying nothing. Sure Relief FOR INDIGESTION I water liPl Sure Relief BmLL-ANS 25$ and 75$ Packages. Everywhere TO KILL. RATS an d MICE \ Always use the genuine STEARNS' ELECTRIC RAT & ROACH PASTE It forces these pesta to run from the building for water and fresh air. Ready for Use Bettor Than Traps Directions In 15 languages in every box. 25c and *1.50. "Money back if it falls.” V. 8. Government buys It. The Exchange. Esau sold his birthright for a mess of potage. “1 was trying to do my Christmas shopping early,” he cried- A summer garden knows first when autumn is coming. //V ** Morning -wlwfln Eytes Clean - Clear —* Healthy “Xmas."