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The Ely miner. [volume] (Ely, Minn.) 1895-1986, January 13, 1922, Image 8

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn90059182/1922-01-13/ed-1/seq-8/

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Modern Day Miracles
Synthetic Chemistry, After Learning the Secret of
Making Royal Purple, Succeeds in Producing
All the Colors of the Rainbow
(Told In Eight Sketches)
No. V
In the dim ages of history when man
first felt the desire for beauty, traders
searched the world for dyestuffs, jew
els, perfumes, spices and precious
woods. The risk of these voyages was
great and only princes or nobles could
afford the fruits of ventures to the far
corners of the world. No man of
humble origin could aspire to the rich
crimsoned linen, the Royal Purple of
ancient Tyre, retailing at S6OO a pound.
; Royal Purple is an age-old insignia
of aristocracy. This dye was secreted
by a small Shellfish on the Eastern
coast of the Mediterranean and here
the enterprising merchants of Tyre
formed a dye monopoly equaled only
by the German Cartel.
A bit of the whitish liquid secreted by
this mollusk, if spread upon a cloth
and exposed to the air and sunlight
turns first green, next blue and then
purple. If washed with an alkali soap
it becomes the magnificent Crimson
worn by the Cardinals and Princes of
the Catholic Church. Tyrian purple
vanished from the marts of the world
with the fall of Tyre.
Synthetic chemistry learned the se
cret of making Royal Purple as, in
deed, it learned to manufacture indigo,
the same deep blue that may be seen
today in museums, the winding sheets
of Egyptian mummies. It was an
achievement to snatch its distinctive
color from royalty and to rival the
best vegetable indigo of the an
cients but modern chemistry has
gone far beyond that. Today any kind
of dye found in nature can be made in
the laboratory. Indeed, among the 900
shades and colors being manufactured
there are tints that it would be diffi
cult to discern in the rainbow. \

American Chemists Have Accomplished the Wonders
Which Ancient Chemists Strived for by the
Utilization of Coal Tar By-Products
Through the literature of the an
cients runs the absorbing story of the
alchemist’s patient search for the
touchstone which would transform all
base metals into pure gold, and the
never-ending quest for the elixir which
would restore youth to the aged and
would cure all human ills. The alche
mist, driven from cellar to garret and
often put to death, had an elemental
knowledge of chemistry and vaguely
dreamed that it could be made to per
form wonders.
It was Ben Jonson’s alchemist,
Subtle, back in the jearly seventeenth
century who planned "to change all
that is in my house toroid, and early
in the morning to send to all the
plumbers and pewterers and buy their
tin and lead up; and to Lothbury for
all the copper.’’ And more than that,
by -means of this magic elixir, in eight
and twenty days he planned to trans
form an old man of four score into a
prattling child.
Certainly, chemistry has not suc
ceeded in performing these marvels.
The. philosopher’s stone still is an un
known quantity to science, buried, per
haps, with the pot of gold at the rain
bow’s end, and the elixir of youth is as
deeply hidden as on that far-off day
when De Soto set forth so bravely
from Spain to find it in the new world.
But chemistry has accomplished won
ders by the utilization of coal tar by
products which contribute to every
phase of our daily life. Take' the
fairy glass of the chemist and look in
to this rather uninteresting substance
We put a kettle of it over a fire and
we see leaving at various times what
the chemist calls the Crudes-benzone,
toluene, xylene, napthalene, phenol,
anthracene, carbazol, and some others.
But these are the most important.
Some are clear liquids, some are
beautiful crystals,
but all are brought
out of the black
coal tar by the
magician’s wan d,
which is simply
fractional distilla
tion; that is, catch
ing and condensing
the vapors given off
at various tempera
£\ JI X
J* ' *1
». The Better Condition.
He Is happy whose circumstances
suit-tils temper; hut he !s more excel*
' lent who can suit his temper to any
circumstances. —Hate.
Petty —Auntie, Mr. Perkins must be
awful clever! 1 just heard him tell
sis be could explain everything.
Pavslng Show, London.
These colors all
come from coal tar
but after it is un
derstood that coal
tar is the quintes
sence of the forests
of untold ages the
feat does not ap
pear to be so mar
And still for cen
turies this country
has been wasting
vast quantities of
the precious mate
rial. In fact,* the
(Released by the Institute of American Business, New York)
(Told In Eight SketchM)
No. IV
Now, what of the
crudes? Add nitric
acid, or any one of
hundreds of chemi-
(.Released by the Institute oft American Businew, New York)
ma n u f a c t u r e of
coke, in which pro
cess coal tar is ob- ? ,
tained, is the only
metallurgical oper- ji
ation that America JR < /“* r s u
continues to con- wad !
duct, in a large /£ I JwKfwf
measure, after the j' W
manner of a cen- W wajavjs/
tury ago. In 1915 / ' \JotvccoeE *t I
there were 41,500,- I i‘ 1
000 tons of coke ' ("""""CM
produced in this \
country for which (rVi/J
almost 61,000,000 — iii.a'.j l._
tons of coal were used.
Because of the enormous demands
for war materials modern by-product
ovens were constructed and in 1919
more than 52 per cent of our coke sup
ply came from these ovens. It is esti
mated that for every ton of coke made
in modern b} r -product ovens there is
saved in fuel alone 825 pounds of coal.
When a house-holder burns a ton of
coal he has sacrificed something like
11,000 cubic feet of gas, nine gallons of
tar, twenty-live pounds of ammonium
sulphate, 2.08 gallons of pure benzol
and 0.56 gallons of pure toluol.
In our industrial life the use of coal
derivatives is j»st beginning to be felt.
The rubber industry depends upon
these products for solvents, com
pounding ingredients and softeners.
Practically all types of paint now use
a derivative of coal. Printing inks,
shoe polishes, brake linings, dry clean
ers, perfumes, explosives, linoleums,
glues, pastes and photographic de
velopers, contain coal products as
basic ingredients. The paper industry,
the soap business, and the shoe manu
facturer would be in serious difficulties
without the by-products of coal tar.
The electrical industry w’ould lose its
chief source of insulating material and
the doctors and druggists would be
without a sufficient supply of phenol
to make their supply of everyday
Coal tar. the refuse of ancient vege
table kingdoms, is valuable because it
produces a galaxy of brilliant colors,
not so much for the colors themselves
but because in producing them so
many' intermediates are developed that
are of inestimable w’orth to the indus
trial life of the nation.
cals, and either heat
i tgwwSk
or cool as the case
may be, and we get
a host of other com-
as intermediates
Although some of
the crudes and
many of the in-
termed iates are
useful as such,
the real develop-
ment begins with
the chemical treat-
ment of the interme-
diates. With many
of these intermediates, one line of
treatment will produce drugs, another
high'explosives, another poison gases,
still other perfumes, food flavors and
photographic materials. Sonle have
varying peace and war time uses with
out further treatment. It should be
noted that Some of these crudes re
quire as many as fifteen manipulations
to produce a given compound and in
each manipulation a by-product is
produced which again must he
into something useful in order to avoid
It is because of this treatment and
retreatment of coal, crudes and inter
mediates that it is so easy to convert a
dye plant into a factory for the pro
duction of high explosives or poison
ous gases almost over night.
Germany was indeed farsighted,
back in 1859, when she took advantage
of Perkin’s discovery, and began the
development of a gigantic dye industry
so that she might never be without the
crudes and intermediates so essential
to success in war or peace.
Germany developed the synthetic
dye industry, just as she developed
other industries, to create employment
and wealth for her millions. But
through these developments she learn
ed the value of chemistry, of chemicals,
and of chemists themselves. She real
ized early how dependent her peace
development was on chemistry and
she soon saw the value of chemical in
dustries to war. Germany saw that
the manufacture of dyes required much
chemical research and also that dve
making made use of the waste prod
ucts from the coke ovens, themselves
a necessity to her iron and steel in
dustry. She saw its value in the pro
duction of explosives, gases and fer
tilizers for her fields. This foresight
gave Germany a forty year start on
the United States, and tne rest of the
No tourist Hate tor Him.
“Joe is back from California," said
the head barber, as he began the lath
ering of a customer. “He told me a
funny story. The day he was leaving
Los Angeles he went into a drug store
to buy a hair brush. The clerk told
Mm the price was $1.50. ‘‘What’s
that?’ said Joe. "I’m no tourist; 1
live here." “O, excuse me," answered
the clerk. "The price is 50 esats.”—
San Fruflps

Buckwheat Cakes
** TwH n
// f
Couitesy Minneapolis Journal.
This photograph, taken by Ray Q.
Marshall, formerly of the Minneapolis
Journal, shows two little Chinese fam
ine sufferers, and tells a more graphic
story than columns of description.
They fled from horne after their two
little sisters had been sold for 4 cop
pers each by desperate parents. Chi
nese frequently sell their flesh and
blood now rather than see them die
horrible deaths from starvation. You
can help save others like them by
sending a check to your local commit
tee or to the China Famine Fund, 121
Chamber of Commerce, Minneapolis.
Former Head of University
Pleads for Famine Victims.
Dr. George E. Vincent, former presi
dent of the University of Minnesota,
and now president of the Rockefeller
Foundation, New York City, has raised
his voice in a plea to people of Minne
sota to give liberally to the relief of
the Chinese famine sufferers.
The plea is especially effective be
cause the Rockefeller Foundation is
doing a vast amount of relief work in
China. The Rockefeller family, too,
has donated $500,000 for the famine
“There can be no doubt as to the
widespread famine, disease and suffer
ing in China," Dr. Vincent telegraphed
to the Minnesota committee of the
China Famine Relief fund. “State
ments and appeals of the national com
mittee may be accepted with full con
fidence. Foodstuffs are now available
and transportation in China is improv
ing so that distribution can be guaran
teed.* The situation is very critical and.
It calls for Immediate and generous
response.” . ..
B. F. Benson, chairman o; the Min
nesota committee, in commehtiug on
the message said that these few words
from Dr Vincent proved more than
anything else that has been said of
the terrib e need of the Chinese. Con
tributions sent to The China Famine
Fund, 121 Chamber of Comm? ce, Min
neapolis, will be immediately .ransmit
ed to Chi a by cable.
State Gets Chance to Help Save the
Starving Chinese.
All Minnesota will have a chance to
help fill 15,000.000 frtnpty bowls that
starving • hinese are holding out to
ward America. All signs indicate that
this state is net going to turn a deaf
ear to the stifled moan that is floating
icross Pacific.
With the Hoover campaign for the
relief of starving Europe completed,
Harry R Wilbern. who brought that
undertaking to a successful conclusion,
has taken active charge of the drive to
aid the Chinese, and headquarters have
been opened in Minneapolis.
Organizations will be formed in
every county and systematized cam
paigns will be waged for funds in all.
It is thought jhat tag days, such as
the money that recently raised $7,500
in Minneapolis, may be ptft on in vari
ous cities of the state. Advertising
matter and posters are now being sent
In the meantime, all those who wish
to contribute to the famine fund, may
send their checks to E. W. Decker,
treasurer. 121 Chamber of Commerce,
Harding, Wilson and Taft Appeal
to Americans to Help Stricken
Millions of Sister Republic.
The President and two ex-Presidents
of the United Stales have joined, for
the first time in the history of the
country, in an appeal for a philan
thropic enterprise. President Hard ng.
ex-Prestdent Wilson and ex-Presldent
Taft are all in the forefront of the
movement to send aid from America to
the famine victims of China.
One of Pres dent Harding’s first offi
cial acts after his inauguration, taken
when he had been in the White House
less than two weeks, was to renew the
appeal made by ids predecessor in be
half of America’s sister republic In the
East. President Hard ng said in part:
“At this, the earliest practicable mo
ment in my administration, I desire to
add my own to the many appeals
which have been Issued heretofore in
behalf of the starving people of a large
sect on of China. ♦ * *
“The picture of China’s distress is
so tragic that 1 am moved, therefore,
to renew the appeal heretofore made !
and to express the hope that the Amer
ican people will continue to contribute
to this humanitarian cause as gener-1
ously as they possibly can.”
In appo nting the American commit
tee for China Famine Fund, with his
own immediate predecessor in the
White House, ex-l’resldent Taft, as (
one of the members, and Thomas W. (
Lamont of New York. as chairman.
President Wilson said in his procla
mation :
’ “Not only In the name of humanity,
but in that of the friendliness which
we £t*el for a great people in distress,
I venture to ask that our cit'zens shall,
even though the task of giving is not
today a light one, respond as they can
to this distant but appealing cry for
Former Minneapolis Newspaperman
Helps Starving People.
All Minnesota is taking a personal
interest in the relief work being done
in China for the suffering paillions of
the northern provinces because a well
known Minneapolis man is playing a
stellar role there. ’
He is Ray G. Marshall, former city
editor of the Minneapolis Journal, who
is working out of famine headquarters
in Peking without any pay. In his 20
years of newspaper work, Mr. Marshall
has seen suffering and misery in all
forms, but he admits he is stupned.by
the situation that confronts the work
ers in the Far East.
Mr. Marshall recently wrote a fer
vent plea for Minnesota to help feed
the famine victims. Contributions will
be received by the China Famine Fund,
121 Chamber of Commerce, Minneap
The Red Cross has contributed a
million dollars and the Rockefeller
family half that amount to the Chi
nese famine sufferers. If you can't
give that much give what you can to
The China Famine Fund, 121 Chamber
of Commerce, Minneapolis.
Superstition Concerning uaui.
The caul Is a thin membrane found
encompassing the head of some chil
dren when born, and It is considered
a good omen for the children them
selves. This superstition probably be
came widespread about the time of the
Emperor Antoninus Plus. When he
was bum he had a band of membrane
around his forehead in the shape of a
diadem, and he attributed all his good
fortune to this caul, and this started
the sale of them. A few sailors carry
ing them who then happened to be
saved from shipwreck diverted the su
perstition toward mariners.
As Bad as the Shower.
While visiting a friend who lived
quite a distance from my home, a
shower threatened. and I remarked:
“I guess i’ll go before I get wet.”
While passing a few more remarks 1
walked backward toward the door, hut
not noticing wtjere I was going, I
landed In a tub of water on the floor.
The shower couldn’t have gotten me
aty wetter I—Chicago Journal
Left-Handedness Hereditary.
Left-handedness is to a great extent
hereditary. Au explanation of left
handedness in normal structures has
been sought by falling back on the
fact that the cerebral hemispheres of
the brain work the muscles crosswise.
Ferrier’s researches have proved that
when we see with the r’ght eye we see
with the left side of the brain. Viewed
by the light, hereditary left-handed
ness may he due to the greater devel
opment of the right side of the brain.
“It is practically certain,” says Dr.
Bastion, “that the great preponder
ance of righthanded movements in or
dinary individual- must tend to pro
duce a more complex obganization of
the left than Ihe right hemisphere of
the brain.” M. Broca states that in
forty brains which he examined he
found the left frontal lobe heavier
than the right. These investigations
have not as yet been thoroughly car
ried out; but possibly the explanation
of obstinate left-handedness lies in
that direction.
Signal Fires.
In Terre del Fuego news is con
veyed and conversation sustained be
tween the different trilies inhabiting
the islands by means of fires on the
high peaks of the mountains. The na
tives are always on the lookout for
these fires, and know just what they
are intended to mean.—Brooklyn
State of Minnesota, County of St.
Louis, ss.
In <the Matter of the Estate of
James Alby Graves, also knowri
as Janies A. Graves, also known
as J. A. Graves, Decedent.
Letters of Administration having,
been granted to Jessie G. Gravesj
It Is Ordered, That the -time
within which all creditors of the
above named decedent may present
claims. against his estate in this
court, be, and the same hereby is,
limited to three months from and
after the date hereof; and that the
18th day of April, 1922, at ten
o’clock A. M., in the Pyobate Court
Rooms at the Court House at Du
luth in said County, be and the
same hereby is, fixed and appointed
as the time and place for hearing
upon the examination, adjustment
and allowance of such claims as
shall be presented within the time
Let notice hereof be given by the
publication of this order in The
Ely Miner as provided by law.
Dated at Duluth, Minn., January
11, 1922.
Judge of Probate.
A. W. Nelson, Attorney, Ely, Minn.
1-13 1-27
State of Minnesota, County of St.
Louis, ss.
In the Matter of the Estate of John
Primozich, Decedent.
The Petition of Frances Mayerle
having been filed in this Court, re
presenting, among other things, that
John Primozich, then being a resi
dent of the County of St. Louis,
State of Minnesota, died intestate,
in the County of St. Louis, State of
Minnesota, on the 4th day of Sep
tember 1920; leaving estate in the
County of St. Louis, State of Min
nesota, and .that said petitioner is
the sister of said decedent and
praying that letters of administra
tion of the estate of said decedent
be granted to the said Frances
It Is Ordered, that said ‘ petition
be heard before this Court, at the
Probate Court Rooms in the Court
House in Duluth, in said County,
on Monday, the 6th day of Febru
ary 1922, at nine o’clock A. M. and
all per Sons interested in said hear
ing and in said matter are hereby
cited and required at said time
and place to shojv cause, if any
there be, why said petition should
not be granted.
Ordered Further, That this order
be served by publication in The
Ely Miner according to law, and
that a copy of this order be served
on the County Treasurer of St.
Louis County not less than ten
days prior to said day of hearing..
Dated at Duluth, Minn., January .
9, 1922. k
By the Court,
Judge of Probate.
Clerk of Probata.
A. J. Thomae. Attorney for Peti
tion*. 1-11 I*l7
Have You Tried to Draw on Glass? -
To write on a glass surface it is
necessary to* impart a certain degree
of roughness to the surface. Aftei
repeated trials of various roughness, a
varnish of sugar was found to be the
best method of obtaining this rough
ness. Equal parts of white and
brown sugars should be dissolved In
water until the solution has a con
slsteney equal to that of thin sirup
Alcohol is added as a drier, and the
varnish applied to hot glass plates.—
Popular Science Monthly.
, Lightning Flash Measured.
No doubt lightning flashes vary In
thickness hut one photographed re
cently was estimated, from the sifce of
the trace if left on a photograph and
the distance of the tower It struck
from the camera, to be only one-fifth
of an Inch, not much more than some
artificial electric sparks.
Department of the Interior.
U. S. Land Office at Duluth, Minn..
December 2, 1921.
Notice is hereby given thqt Wal
ter H. Borgen, whose post-office ad
dress is Duluth, Minnesota, did, on
the 13th day of January, 1921,
file in this office Sworn. Statement
and Application, No. 013298, to
purchase the Lot 2, Section 11,
Township 63 N., Range 13 W. 4ih,
Principal Meridian, and the timber
thereon, under the provisions of
the act of June 3, 1878, and acts
amendatory, known as the “Tim
ber and Stone Law,” at such value
as might be fixed by appraisement,
and that, pursuant to such appli
cation, the land and timber there
on have been estimated and valued
by the applicant the timber es
timated 4000 board feet at $2.50
per M, and the land $20.00; that
said applicant wftl differ final proof
in support of his application and
sworn statement on the 14th day
jof February, 1922, before the Reg
'ister and Receiver of the United
States Land Office, at Duluth, Min
Any person is at liberty to pro
test this purchase before entry, or
initiate a contest at any time be
fore patent issues, by filing a cor
roborated affidavit in this office,
alleging facts which would defeat
the entry. v
Witnesses: Frank Lyness, T. H.
Little and J. M. Nolte, all of Du
luth, Minnnesota.
12-9 2-3 Register.
State of Minnesota, County of St.
Louis, ss.
In tha Matter of the Estate of
John Dinsmore, Decedent.
The Petition of Mary Jane Dins
more having been filed in this
Court, representing, among other
things, that John Dinsmore, then
being a resident of the County of
St. Louis, State of Minnesota, died
intestate, in the County of St.
Louis, State of Minnesota, on the
4th day of December 1921; leav
ing estate in the County of St.
Louis, State of Minnesota, and that
said petitioner is the surviving
spouse of said decedent and pray
ing that letters of administration
of the estate of said decedent be
granted te tha said Mary Jane
It.ls Ordered, that said petition
be heard before this Court, at the
Probate Court Rooms in the Court
House in Duluth, in said County,
on Monday, the 23d day of Janu
ary 1922, at nine o’clock A. M.
and all persons interested in said
hearing and in said matter are
hereby cited and required at said
time and place to show cause, if
any there be, why said petition
should not be granted.
Ordered Further, That this order
be served by publication in The
Ely Miner according to law, and
that a copy of this order be served
on the County Treasurer of St.
Louis County not less than ten
days prior to said day of hearing.
Dated at Duluth, Minn., Decem
ber 28th, 1921.
By the Court,
Judge of Probate.
Clerk of Probate.
A. J. Thomas, Attorney for peti
tioner. 12-30 1-13
N °’ 8 ‘
J*. ; Meets at 8 o’clock
j every Second and
J ■ Fourth Tuesdays of
J each month at Odd
Fellows’ Hall.
Elizabeth Bridson, N. G.
Elsie Trembath, Ssc’y.
Meets every Second
and Fourth Mondays
each jnonth at 8:15.
Ruth Strachan, W. M.
W Anna Jones, Sec.
Meets every Thurs-
4- day Evening in Odd
Fellows Hall at 8 o’-
clock. Visiting Odd
Fellows welcome.
Wm. Richards, N. G.
' Jervis Pierce, Sec.
Offlee Ovwr if tiler Store Co.
Plants and Seeds
with a Reputation
Supplied to the Great
Northwest -
Extra value in Emblems and
Sprays for Funerals.
You Ship Us
9H|K»k Write Vi FIRST For ■
■ Established 1857 Special Information S
a Write for price list, tags and full Information S
I i
DR. H. J. Lockhart,
Ely, Minn.
Office over Fenske’s Hardware,
I L •
iv# ■<
LADIES | " r
Auk rnrr i’r-irrrt.t f>t EH S A
LIAIaoND I.KAND PILLS-iu R::n a:il/A\
Gold metallic boxes, sealed wiiii BiucvGry
Ribbon. Taeb no irrnntt. Bny of your V/
Brur-St and a-k for ('UT-CUCS-TEB t» v
BlAiioxn bi:ak:> Pif.t.s, lor twenty-fl’'?
rears rercrdc<l; r Bct.Safeit, Always Reliable.
/ Not Rub
Off, Lasts
4 Times as
mg as Others,
s Work.
an Today
The readers of this paper will be
pleaded to learn that there is at least
one dreaded disease that science has
been able to ctire in all its stages and
that is catarrh. Catarrh being greatly
influenced by’ constitutional conditions
requires constitutional treatment. Hall’s
Catarrh Medicine is taken internally and
acts thru the Blood on the Mucous Sur
faces of the System thereby destroying
the foundation of the disease, giving the
patient strength by building up the con
stitution and assisting nature in doing its
work. The proprietors have so much
faith in tthe curative power of Hall’s
Catarrh Medicine that they offer One
Hundred T'tllars for any ease that it fails
to cure. S nd for list of testimonials.
Address F. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo,
Ohio. Sold by all Druggists. 75c.
[n JOS. KOMATAR, Proprietor. (n
Dj Gouze Bldg. Ely,Mino uj
Wreaths. Boquets.
Order your Flowers for the
Holidays by calling Phone 21.
Plants. ’ Sprays.
V Tomsowomt
A AlrigM
9 KB a mild, vegetable laxative to Sjl
,'R ie» relieve Constipation and Dili-
■ ousnesa and keep the digestive ard g'-J
elimlaativefuncUona normal. ? ;
9« e, B a for- £§f
W 2sc
Chips off the OM Block
a i Little ia
gs B One-third the regu-
j X-f lar dose. Made of
• same Ingrsdicnta, fAf
then candy coated. >
children and
». R.
ieets every Wed
nesday evening at
■<:00 at Odd Fel
iows Hall.
E. W. Hanson,C.C.
H. Chinn, K. R. S.

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