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NEWS OF WORLD B:g Happenings of the Week Condensed for Benefit of Busy Readers. TOLD IN A FEW WORDS Kernels Culled From News of Moment In All Parts of the World —Of Interest to All the People Everywhere. Washington Washington Announcement that Postmaster General Will H. Hays will shortly retire from the cabinet was made at the White House. Washington Japan, through its arms conference delegation, agreed to tarnsfer to China the administration of the leased territory of Kiachow in Shantung province. Washington The supreme court will be asked to expedite action on the case to test the constitutionality of the packer control act, it was said at the department of justice. Washington Roger Peckinpaugh ‘•positively will not be made manager” of the Senators in 1922. Clark Grif fith, persident of the Washington club of the American league, declared. Washington—American trade with European countries in 1921 exceeded that of 1913, the last prewar year, by $775,000,000, according to statistics made public by the commerce depart ment. Washington Senator Truman H. Newberry has won the three-year fight to hold his seat in the senate. By a vote of 46 to 41 the senate declared him duly elected senator from Michi gan over Henry Ford. Washington—Receipts at 50 select ed postoffices in December totaled $26,677,570, as compared with $25,001,- 347 in the same month in 1920, ac cording to figures announced by Post master General Will Hays. Washington—The soldier bonus bill ■will not be made a part of the Allied debt refunding bill, Chairman McCum ber of the Senate finance committee said after a series of conferences had been held between Senate leaders. Washington Secretary of War J. W. Weeks is disappointed with Henry Ford’s final proposal for taking over the government’s waterpower project at Muscle Shoals, but will send it to congress without recommending ac ceptance in its present form. Washington—Authority was grant ed the Pullman company by the inter state commerce commission to pur chase the property of the Haskell & Barker Car company by issuing 165,- 000 shares of new capital stock, hav ing a par value of $16,500,000. Washington The French govern ment has approached Henry Ford by cable asking if he would consider the purchase of battleships. In announc ing the request here, Mr. Ford said he had replied that unless he could buy the entire French navy he would not be interested in job lots. No an swer to his cable has been received, he said. Domestic New York —Mayor Hylan plans to have busses replace the street rail ways in Manhattan. New York —Tne New York Evening Post, one of the oldest newspapers m the city, has been sold to a syndicate, it was announced. Cambridge, Mass. —Bootleggers were set up as models in salesmanship be fore students of the graduate school of business administration at Harvard. Portsmouth, Ohio—Four men were reported killed when an engine on the Chesapeake & Ohio Northern rail road overturned near Wheelers Mills. Boston The Calumet and Hecla Mining company announced it would open four of its lake group of copper mines, in Northern Michigan, about Aprii 1. Beach, 11l. —William Peterson, a motorcycle policeman of Winthrop Harbor, 111., was shot to death by un identified persons in a speeding auto mobile which he was pursuing. Chicago—Josepfia Glazek and Mrs. Rosa Dvorak, Czech-Slovakians, must continue their close-partnership until one of them dies, in which event there must be quick amputation to save the other. Hartford, Conn. —Christopher Minor Spencer, inventor of the Spencer re peating rifle and of the first automatic screw machine, one of the best known American inventors, is dead. He was 83 years old. Chicago Deadlock betw’een the miners’ unions and the operators means the practical certainty of a strike that will tie up coal production in eastern and middle western mines by April 1. Terre Haute—Asserting their fam ilies were starving, 700 miners of the Clinton Coal company met to consider whether or not they would return to work. They have been on strike since last October. Chicago Eight hundred thousand dollars will be* the deficit of the Chi cago Grand Opera association this sea son, the largest ever faced by an opera company in the history of mu sic in America. Baltimore—The total amount of the inventoried estate of the late Cardi nal Gibbons is $135,266.90, according to the inventory and administration account filed here in orphans’ court by the executors. Marysville, Calif. —Henry Thomas was given a sentence of six months in jail upon being found guilty of tak ing a bottle of milk from a doorstep. New York —Mayor Hylan plans to have busses replace the street rail ways in Manhattan, it was learned, when It was announced that a public hearing to draft the necessary legal steps would be held January 27. An outlay of $25,000,000 is contemplated. Scranton, Pa. —Four men are known to have been killed, several others are believed to be dead and an unknown number of mine workers are en tombed as the result of a cave-in in the Nation il mine of the Glen Alden Coal comp my. Miners who escaped said the number of men believed to be behind the barrier is about 20. New York—German guiu vsl.ma at between $10,000,000 and $12,000,009 has been deposited this week with the New York Federal Reserve bank. Waukegan, 111. —Attorneys for Gov ernor Small and Vernon Cur s, charged with conspiracy to embezzle state funds, asked Judge Claire C. Ed wards to strike out parts of the state's bill of particulars as “irrelevant and scandalous.” Oakland, Calif. —H. A. Snow, cura tor of the Oakland museum, returned here alter two years spent in African jungles. He valued at approximately $2,000,000 the animal specimens ob tained by the expedition for the mu seum. Indianapolis Robert Thiselle, 5 years old, son of Mrs. Samuel Halla gan, of Palestine. 111., underwent a se rious opeartion at St. Vincent’s hospi tal when Dr. William F. Molt, lung specialist, removed a brassheaded tack from his right lung. San Francisco —Woodrow Wilson declared in a letter written by him January 3 to John H. Williams cf San Francisco, and published in the Bulletin, that failure of the Senate to ratify the Treaty of Versailles de prived the United States of the leader ship of the world. Northwest Winnipeg—The United Farmers of Manitoba in convention here took a firm stand for reduction of freights on basis commodities. Spokane—Five persons were seri ously injured and 10 or 12 others were slightly hurt when the three rear cars of Northern Pacific passenger train No. 1, of. the North Coast limited, westbound from Minneapolis, were derailed five miles west of Cornell, Wash. Minneapolis—A colonization project in Montana and North Dakota involv ing the purchase of 116 farms totaling 30,000 acres at a total cost of about $1,500,000, has been launched by Wal ter D. Boutell; Minneapolis furniture dealer, and Moses L. Zimmerman and J. D. Barrett, St. Paul businessmen, Mr. Boutell said, when he announced that purchase of the tracts had been completed. Minneapolis Twenty-five million dollars has been loaned by the agri cultural loan agency of the War Finance corporation for the North west to banks in Minnesota, North and South Dakota, up to the first of the New Year, according to M. O. Grangaard, secretary of the North west agency, in reviewing the accom plishments of the local bureau for 1921. Sporting Philadelphia Benjamin F. Shibe, president of the Philadelphia Ameri can league baseball club, is dead. Minneapolis—Norval Baptie, former world’s champion speed skater, ar rived here to finish training for a series of races with Everett McGowan, St. Paul’s flash, on Jan. 22 at the Hip podrome rink. New York—Fred Fulton, Minneap olis heavyweight, and Bartley Mad den, New York, fought twelve rounds to a draw in Madison Square Garden. The verdict w r as hooted by the fans who appeared to favor Madden. New York—Gene Tunney, New York, won the American light heavy weight boxing championship here when he received the judges’ decision after a twelve-round bout with Bat tling Levinsky, also of this city. London Georges Carpentier, who decisively defeated George Cook of Australia here, may ask another fight with Jack Dempsey, world's champion heavyweight, after meeting Ted “Kid” Lewis, Francois Descamps, Carpen tier’s manager, announced. Foreign Berlin —Many lives were lost in the explosion of a chemical factory near Budapest, it was reported here. Dublin —The Anglo-Irish treaty ere ating the Irish Free State, was unani mously ratified by the South lerland parliament. Eamonn De Valera and his supporters who opposed the treaty in the Dail Eireann, were absent. Paris—Surrender of the Germans charged with, offenses in connection with the war to the Allies for trial is recommended in two resolutions adopted by the Inter-Allied commis sion on war crimes made public. London Mustapha Kemal Pasha, the Turkish nationalist leader, has been murdered, says an Exchange Telegraph agency dispatch from Con stantinople, quoting a report from An gora, the Turkish nationalist capital. Paris —M. Poincare, in his task of forming a French cabinet to succeed the Briand ministry, asked former Premier Rene Viviani to accept the post of minister of justice, with the vice presidency of the cabinet, but M. Viviani refused the portfolio. Moscow —William N. Haskett, direc tor of the American relief administra tion work in Russia, and M. Rakov sky, president of the Ukrane repub lic, have signed agreements authoriz ing the relief administration to dis tribute food packages in Russia. London—The Irish political prison ers in the London jails, Brixton Pen tonville and Wormwood Scrubbs— were released, under the amnesty proclamation issued by King George yesterday. Instructions were sent tc the provincial jails for similar re-’ leases. Geneva Poland and Lithuania through their representatives at the meeting of the council of the League of Nations here, both renewed their refusal to abide by the council’s pro posed solution of the Vilna dispute. Paris —Paul Deschanel, former pre sident of France, seeking his first sen ate office, was defeated in party cau cus for membership on the senate for eign affairs committee. Leipsic The independent socialist party convention adopted a resolution, sponsored by the union workers, ask ing laborers to refuse to participate in the manufacture of munitions. Warships Cheap at Cherbourg. Paris War vessels are selling cheaper than jitneys at the auction sale at Cherbourg Several buyers obtained torpedo boats at SI,BOO each, while supertorpedo brought Id some cases as low as $1,200. Rockefeller Pays $391,698 Tax. New York —John D. Rockefeller sent tc the federal building a check tor $391,698.38, which the supreme court decided he owed as taxes on in come from pipelines which had been transferred to oil companies. NEWS OF STATE TERSELY TOLD Recent Happenings in Minnesota Given in Brief Items for Busy Readers. ENTIRE FIELD COVERED News .of Events In ..Gopher State Gathered From Many Different Sources and Arranged In Crisp Readable Form. Windom —Barney Loughren, aged 92, resident of this section of the state since 1868, is dead. Slayton—Slayton will make a bid for a National Guard unit as soon as there is an opening. St. Cloud —The St. Cloud police de partment made 598 arrests in 1921 as compared with 387 in 1920. Pipestone—Fire, caused by an over turned lantern, resulted in the de struction of the barn and death of 11 farm horses. Red Wing—Mayor F. H. Kroeger has announced the appointment of Mrs. Zelisky of St. Paul as a regular member of the police force. St. Cloud —Albert G. Whitney, head of the St. Cloud Public Service com pany and affiliated enterprises, died suddenly of heart disease at Portland, Me. Pipestone Jerry Hines, theater owner, has been indicted by the Pipe stone county grand jury on a charge of arson. The charge holds that Hines attempted to destroy his SIOO,OOO the ater here by fire on the night of Nov. 14 last. Winona —-A building program, aimed to put Winona grade schools on a par with those in other cities of the state and the erection of a high school gymnasium and auditorium, was advocated at a meeting of busi ness men. St. Paul —Denial of 60 applications for pardon or commutation of sen tences was announced by the state pardon board, after a week’s consid eration of its January calendar of 73 cases. Ten cases are taken under ad visement or continued. Minneapolis—Mayor Leach and Neil M. Cronin, city attorney, left for Washington, where they will repre sent Minneapolis before the Federal power commission Monday. The com mittee will consider applications for the government dam power permits. St. Paul—Veterinarians of the state today returned to their homes follow ing the close of a two day conven tion of the Minneosta State Veterin ary Medical society in South St. Paul, during which a large number of ex perts spoke on the work of the asso ciation. Minneapolis—The 1922 National Dairy show will be hqld at the Min nesota Fair grounds, it was an nounced by James S. Cady, secretary of the Minneapolis Civic & Commerce association, following receipt of a mes sage of acceptance from W. E. Skin ner, manager of the show, of the Twin City invitation. The date has not been decided. Minneapolis—There is every indica tion that the soldiers’ bonus bill will be approved by the present session of Congress, Lieutenant Governor Louis L. Collins told disabled war veterans of Minensota in convention in the courthouse assembly room. This he said he felt certain of as the result of a talk with one of the Minnesota sen ators who was home several days ago. St. Paul —Probate judges elected in Minnesota in 1920 hold over until Jan. 1, 1925, according to a decision of the state supreme court in a case brought to test this question. The people voted for a constitutional amendment at the 1920 election, ex tending probate judges’ terms to four years, and the court holds that this applied to the judges chosen at the same election. St. Paul —General optimism regard ing the outlook for 1922 state and county fairs w r as expressed at the 63d annual meeting at the state capi tol of members of the Minnesota Agri cultural society and the Minnesota Federation of County Fairs. Figures and facts were submitted to show that, while 1921 state and county fairs were on the whole successful, 1922 fairs will be more successful. Minneapolis—Separation of the De partment of Agriculture, including the Agriculture college and Agriculture school, from the remainder of the University of Minnesota, is the aim of certain factions in the state, it de veloped at the meeting of the Univer sity Board of Regents. That there is such a sentiment and that the factions adhering to it are but waiting for a chance to move for the separation was explained during discussion of a request from the school of agriculture for permission to put out a special edition of the Agrarian, their campus publication, in which would be con tinued names of graduates of the school. Fergus Falls A special election will be held here Jan. 31 to vote on the adoption of a new charter which has been prepared by the city charter commission. The new charter abol ishes the present city council and pro vides for a commission form of gov- ernment with a salaried city manager. Waseca—A carload of flour con signed to the Russian relief by the Echo mills here and an additional 130 barrels paid for by popular subscrip tion, was started for New York, from where it will be shipped to Rus sia through the American Friehds’ so ciety. St Paul —Attorney General Clifford L. Hilton was asked to fight elimina tion by the Twin City Rapid Transit company of the neutral streetcar fare zone between Minneapolis and St. Paul in a resolution passed by the Minnesota Agricultural society at its final sesUon. Serious handicap to the State Fair by forcing visitors to pay two fares was cited in the resolution. Hibbing Plans and specifications have been submitted to the city water and light board for addition to the municipal plant to cost from SIOO,OOO to $150,000, and are to be acted on bj the board at its next meeting. THE ELY MINER, ELY, MINN. Red Wing—Births iu k . •*- 1921 were 248 as against 131 in 1920. Marriage licenses issued for 1921 numbered 304, six more than in 1920. Fairmont—Thirty large trucks have arrived here in readiness to begin work on a $42,000 graveling contract on the Blue Earth road leading east from this city. Clarkfield—Rev. O. T. Storaasli, for the last 14 years pastor of the Nor wegian Lutheran church here, has ac cepted a call to become pastor of the church at Emmons, Minn. Ellendale Plans for a combined farmers’ institute and corn show have been completed by committees in con nection with the Steele county Farm Bureau offices for Jan. 20. Thief River Falls —Morlan Bistop has resigned his position as examiner at the state banking department fco ac cept a position as assistant cashier in the state treasurer’s office. Olivia —Mr. and Mrs. Orrin Hodg-. don, living near here, celebrated their golden wedding anniversary. They have resided on their farm since the day following their marriage. Pipestone—At the annual meeting of the stockholders and directors of the Security Bank of Pipestone, Os car E. Ashton was named president and George P. Gurley, director. So. St. Paul —Reductions of approxi mately 15 per cent in live stock sell ing commissions have been announced by members of the South St. Paul Live Stock exchange, effective Mon day. Pipestone—When Police Captain Thompson attempted to arrest a mem ber of a gang of four strangers, two of the gang threatened to shoot Thomp son and all four then escaped in an auto. Redwood Falls—C. A. Johnson, for the last eight years owner and editor of the Bellview Independent, has sold his business to G. H. McQuary of Sioux Falls, who has taken possession of the plant. Lanesboro —A banquet, believed to be the first of its kind given by the publisher of a country newspaper, was tendered by Ola M. Levang, proprietor of Levang’s Weekly, to advertisers in the paper. Maynard—ln an effort to popularize the game of chess in Minnesota, a mail tournament to decide the cham pionship of the state has been started. Every player in the state can take part if he wishes by sending his name to I. R. Carlson, Maynard, Minn. Minneapolis—Approximately 300,000 tourists, more than half of them from outside of Minnesota, visited the ho tels, summer resorts and communities of Minnesota in the last year, accord ing to officials of the Ten Thousand Lakes association. Fairmont The statement of the Fairmont Canning company of bus! ness done in 1921 shows the company cleared about $25,000 on the year’s business. The company paid almost $23,000 more for cans than the corn that was put in them. Minneapolis—Minnesota became an official link in the chain of states containing the longest highway in the world—the Glacier trail —when repre sentatives of the association from five states gathered at Curtis hotel to per fect the organization and to lay plans for marking the highway from Breckenridge to Glacier National park this year. St. Paul —Development of home tal ent in stock breeding and raising is the most vital thing to be done by county fairs, through constant in crease in the number of local breeders taking part in fair exhibits and con tests, Dean W. C. Coffey of the Uni versity of Minnesota college of agri culture, told 300 menbers of the State Agricultural society in session at the state capitol. Fergus Falls—There is a general movement in this vicinity to put a stop to questionable dances. The vil lage of Elizabeth, eight miles north of here, adopted an ordinance prohibit ing the sale or drinking of liquor in connection with dances and also for bidding all dances of “a wiggly or in decent chaarcter.” A similar ordi nance is pending before the Fergus Falls city council. Minneapolis—Simultaneous raids in five Minnesota towns on illicit sources of liquor marked the opening of a de termined campaign to wipe out “every illicit source in Minnesota,” A. I. Melahn, federal group enforcement chief said. Squads of prohibition agents starting at a fixed hour, raided soft drink places in Minneapolis and St. Paul, arrested alleged moonshine sellers in Duluth, Cass Lake and Walker, and confiscated a large quan tity of liquor. Deerwood —Seventeen days of in vestigation, which solved a series of mysterious thefts baffling the police of the Cuyuna Range district for two years, ended when Guy Cunningham aged 25, began a five years term in the state prison at Stillwater while his father, Ole Cunningham, justice of the peace of this place, is awaiting action by the court on a charge of grand lar ceny. Archie Buck, head of a Minne apolis private detective agency and former deputy sheriff of Hennepin county, is credited with bringing about the arrest of the father and son and the recovery of property valued at $2,- 000, which is alleged to have been identified as stolen. St. Paul —Prices of farm machinery manufactured by the state of Minne sota at Stillwater prison will be cut heavily this year, the state board of control announced, when a delegation from the Minnesota Farm Bureau fed eration waited on the board to ask for the price reduction. Jackson —When Sheriff O. C. Lee arrived at Albert Raut’s home near this city to arrest Raut on a charge of attempting to set fire to his home, he found the house in flames. The sheriff smashed down the kitchen door and succeeded in rescuing the dement ed man and his wife. Fergus Falls —Senator Ole O. Sag eng of Dalton announced himself a candidate for the republican nomina tion for congress in the ninth district, “subject to the indorsement of the republican district convention in Moorhead, March 30.” He will oppose Congressman Halvor Steenerson of Crookston. Robbinsdale —Children of Robbins dale established themselves in their new $140,000 school building following dedication exercises. Governor J. A. O. Preus, W. I. Nolan, Tom Girling and Mrs. May Lilis, county superin tendent of schools, were speakers. BARS SPHERES OF INFLUENCE (J. S. Resolution Would Bind Big Nations to Agreement on China. WOULD CHEATE BOARD British and Italians Accept Plan in Principle, France Balks; Japan Also Reserves Its Judgment. Washington—An American proposal to redefine the open door policy in China and create an international board to examine both existing and future concessions which appear to conflict with it was debated without decision by the Far East committee of the Washington conference. The British and Italians accepted the plan in principle, but the French withheld assent to some of its pro ivsions and the Japanese reserved judgment pending communication with Tokyo. The subject will be taken up again with all signs point ing to a long and interesting discus sion. Bars Spheres of Influence. In brief, the American resolution would bind the United States, Great Britain, Japan, France, Italy, Bel gium, Portugal and the Netherlands not to seek special spheres of influ ence in Chiifa nor secure conces sions or monopolies which would abridge the principles of equal eco nomic and commercial opportunity. China would agree to co-operate in maintaining that equality, and the nine powers collectively would au thorize establishment of a board of reference to review present and fu ture concessions to determine wheth er they conflict with the open door thus defined. Except for another inconclusive session of the Shantung negotiations, and informal exchanges among the “big five” regarding the Pacific forti fications agreement, the meeting of the Far East committee constituted the total of conference activities. At the Shantung conversations the ques tion of mines was discussed with no apparent progress and the fortifica tions problem remained unsolved, de spite receipt by the Japanese of par tial instructions from Tokyo. HOOVER CALLS CONFERENCE Commerce Department Representa tives to Plan for Efficiency. Washington District representa tives of the Commerce department in some thirty cities have been called here for a three day conference with Secertary Hoover, it was announced at the department. Re-organization changes made in the depatrment include the working out of plans for providing the most efficient service to Aemrican busi ness. District offices of the bureau of foreign and domestic commerce in clude Chicago, New York, St. Louis, San Francisco and Milwaukee. CANNIBALISM GRIPS RUSSIA Parents, Insane From Want of Food, Devour Children. Riga—Cannibalism, reported as ex isting in Samara province by a dele gate to the ninth congress of the soviet'three weeks ago, has become general in the Volga region, accord ing to today’s Rosta reports. Review ing the latest reports from the fam ine districts, the Russian wireless news service states that cases of parents going insane and eating their children are frequently mentioned. Burying of Yanks with Nooses Denied. Washington—Former service men detailed for duty with the American Graves Registration service in France denied before a senate inves tigating committee that the bodies of soldiers legally put to death in France were buried with a stub- rope around the neck and the black cap which had been placed on them on the gallows. Tams Bixby, Journalist, Dead. St. Paul —Tams Bixby, one of the few Minnesotans to whom there has been conceded the political power to “make governors,” editor and sponsor of large development projects, died in Kansas City. U. 8. InvXed to Genoa Parley. Washington—The invitation for the United States to participate in the eocnomic and financial conference at Genoa was received at the State de partment from Ambassador Ricci of Italy. Los Angeles Rocked by Earth Shocks. Los Angeles—Severe shocks felt in many sections of Los Angeles, shat tering window glass, in some quarters and shaking frame buildings. Lillian Russell Special U. S. Agent. New York —Lillian Russell sailed for Europe as a special agent for Uncle Sam, commissioned to look over the intended immigrants to America and report to the Secretary of Labor on her return next spring. Houghton Acceptable to Berlin. Washington—Thg German govern ment has notified the American gov ernment that Alanson B. Houghton will be acceptable as ambassador and the name of Mr. Houghton will be sent to the Senate this week. U. 8. Finances Involve $200,000,000,000 Washington —Government financial operations since the country’s en trance into the World war involved more than $200,000,000,000, according to figures compiled by the treasury, it was announced. Burch Jury Disagrees. Los Angeles—The trial of Arthur C. Burch of Evanston, HL, charged with the murder of J. Belton Kennedy near Los Angeles last August, ended in a a disagreement of the jury. ’kSideliSHis Capital Getting to WASHINGTON— The capital is the greatest center for dis semination of news in the world, according to recent investigations, which indicate that not less than 500,- 000 words are sent out daily by wire, radio and mail from the offices of Washington correspondents. The amount of publicity material sent out by the various associations having headquarters here has not been esti mated, but it is nothing short of stu pendous. What 500,000 w’ords daily means may be visualized, perhaps, by reducing Bill to Prohibit A BILL prohibiting the formation in congress of blocs, based upon particular pursuits or geographi cal locations, for the purpose of “in any way affecting legislation,” has been introduced by Representative An sorge, Republican. Senators and rep resentatives would be subject to a fine of $5,000 in case it was proved they belonged to a bloc. The bill, which would not Interfere with regularly convened caucuses of the majority and minority political parties, was framed along the Hues of the Sherman act, prohibiting combina tions in restraint of trade, Mr. An sorge said. The proposed bill was designed, he explained, to prohibit combinations in restraint of legislation “which Inher ently are more dangerous to the coun try than combination in restraint of trade.” “If we are to have an agricultural bloc why not a manufacturers’ bloc, a consumers’ bloc, and numerous geo graphical blocs?” Mr. Ansorge asked. On the other hand, Senator Capper Hoover May Be Chosen to Disarm China HERBERT HOOVER, now secre tary of commerce, may head an international commission to dis arm China. China now has the largest standing army or group of armies in any nation in the world. The exact number of troops is not known even to the minister oi war in Peking, but It is estimated to be between 1,500,000 and 2,000,000. These troops are under various “tu chums,” or provincial military gov ernors, who either are only nominally under Peking or else are in open de fiance of the Chinese government. The “tuchuns” levy and collect taxes, force direct contributions from the Inhab itants, obtain loans from local bank ers virtually at the point of a gun, print and circulate paper money of their own making, graft and “squeeze” and wage wars as independent war Romance of the Red Cross Building IN APRIL, 1861, when President Lin coln issued his call for 75,000 vol unteers, two young men, Francis Barlow and James A. Scrymser, en listed in the engineer corps of the Twelfth New York. At Antietam Ser geant Barlow was badly wounded, and his wife, a member of the sanitary commission, of which the American Red Cross is a lineal descendant, went to the battle front that she might be at his side to nurse him. At Gettys burg Sergeant Barlow again was wounded, and this time was left be hind Confederate lines. At daybreak one morning, in spite of watchful sen tries, she succeeded in reaching her wounded husband and in remaining with him until he recovered. This brave and faithful woman died in 1864, a victim of typhus contracted in her untiring labors among the sick and wounded fighting men. To the heart-broken husband she typified the splendid spirit of American women in war time, and shortly before his death, In 1896, Major General Barlow predicted, in the presence of his com- Germany Must Build Zeppelin for U. S. 60 ' UNITED STATES navy men will fly a giant German dirigible, which the German government is to build for this country, from Fried richshafen to Lakehurst naval station. The State department was advised in a cable dispatch from Ambassador Herrick at Paris of the decision of the council of ambassadors to require Ger many, which is under penalty for hav ing violated the terms of the treaty of Versailles in destroying zeppelins, to construct for the United States, with out any cost whatsoever to America, an airship of the L-70 type. The air vessel will be used by the Be a News Center that figure to newspaper pages. Roughly, there are about 1,000 words in the average newspaper column, when allowance is made for a head, and 500 newspaper columns —in theso days of eight-column newspapers— would mean a total of pages, about the size of the Sunday edition of a typical metropolitan newspaper. t Just how the 500,000 words are divided each day among the news services, correspondents and leased wires is of Interest. The Washington correspondents’ total is roughly about 50,000 words a day by wire; the press associations send another 50,000, for there are five of these organizations, carrying 6,000 to 15.000 words each. The 50 leased wire services undoubted ly send more than 100,000 words daily, making a total of 200,000 words tele graphed from Washington daily. Mail service is probably equally heavy, and writers for magazines and other periodicals who do not deal in live news probably carry some 100,000 words daily. Blocs in Congress / said the other day in the senate, among other things: “Here, Mr. President, is the true reason why we have a group of men in congress sometimes called the farm bloc. Our entire business structure rests upon the land. The farmer not only feeds us and clothes us, but is as a class our best customer. Without him the railroads would languish, the steel industry perish. Unless the farmer and the farm industry prosper, no other industry can. This is the task these representatives and senators from the agricultural states feel they have cut out for them.” lords while Peking looks on in utter helplessness. Members of the Chinese delegation here admit little can be done toward getting China back on her feet until these “paper tigers” are destroyed. The most powerful among the “tu chuns” do not hesitate to wring funds from the Peking government, when there is any money to wring, and openly dictate to the president and his cabinet. China cannot demobilize the armies of the “tuchuns” alone, so it has been advanced in conference circles that the Pacific powers, Including China, should get together in the matter. It is proposed that a disarmament commission be named and that the sum of $50,000,000 be loaned to China as a demobilization fund. Secretary of Commerce Hoover is mentioned as chairman off this commission. Representatives of the commission would work with the Chinese govern- ment and aid in the work of disarm ing the “tuchun” armies. Soldiers would be demobilized, given back pay —they are in most cases many months in arrears —and a small bonus and sent back to their home provinces. There they would be put to work on much-needed public works —highways, railroads, canal widening and the like. rade-in-arms, Captain Scrymser, that one day a grateful nation would rear to the memory of the heroic women of both the North and the South a splen did tribute.' In 1911 Captain Scrymser secured for the project the indorsement of the New York commandery of the Mili tary Order of the Loyal Legion. It was his suggestion also that the pro posed building be made the home of the American Red Cross. Congress ap propriated $400,000 for the purpose and the *und of SBOO,OOO necessary was completed by private donations. American navy exclusively for experi ments which will show the possibili ties of commercial aeronautics and commercial aviation in the United States. It will.not be devoted to any military or naval use, and cannot be included, according to naval authori ties, In the armament of this country. The L-70 for this country will be about 600 feet in length. It will be a dirigible of "70,000 cubic meters, or two and one half million cubic feet. It’s home In this country will be the Lakehurst naval station, which was built for the ZR-2. Article 198 of the treaty of Versailles forbade Germany to keep any zeppe lins. Under article 202 Germany was required, when the treaty came into effect, to deliver all her dirigibles that ♦ could either take the air, or that were being built, or that could be assembled, to the allied and associated powers. When the time arrived for the dis tribution of the dirigibles, it was found that on June 23, 1919, Germany had destroyed five zeppelins and on July 25 she destroyed two more.