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The Ely miner. [volume] (Ely, Minn.) 1895-1986, January 20, 1922, Image 4

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THE ELY MINER
PETER SCHAEFER, Editor and
Proprietor.
Entered at the Postoffice at Ely, Min
nesota, as Second Class Matter.
Subscription, $2.00 per Year
PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY
And now Finland and Russia are
threatening to go to war. rrom a
newspaper man’s standpoint w
hope this thing is only a rumor.
There are so many little wars go
ing on, it is hard work to keep
track of them.
Criticisms of newspaper articles
sent to the paper should at least be
made on paper printed in the h“mt
town and not on Rears-Sawbuck
printed stationery. Besides, it
might be a tine idea if the party
doing the criticizing would be a
subscriber instead of a borrower.
Friday the 13th was an unlucky
day for England and France. These
two nations parted company on that
day, a fact regretted. France is
forming a new government and
the supposition is that it will be
unfriendly to England. The recon
struction of Europe is thus hamp
ered.
A Chicago tailor was w.lled
$500,000 for doing a little favor.
When your friend asks you to loan
him a' 10, be very careful how
you answer. The average editor
need not be particular, however.
He can speak the truth and say
“sorry, but I am just short 10.
Vance Chapman in his political
dope seems to think that the Hallam
boom for Senator to oppose Frank
Kellogg, is of short life. W e fad to
see it that way and while we believe
Senator Kellogg is the proper man
for the place, we will that with
Fred Hadley at the head of Hallam’s
campaign, the Kellogg workers have
an excuse to get busy.
Over four billion cigarettes were
smoked in the United States during
1921, while the cigar consumption
during the year fell off about fifty
million over the year before. The
snuff users increased nearly, two
million pounds in 1921 over 1920.
Statistics fail to state how much
“Peerless” was used but nearly
ten million more pounds of manu
factured tobacco were used last
year than the year before.
The airplane search made by
Major Ray Miller of St. Paul for
James Maher, the Cook County
commissioner, missing for two
weeks on the north shore of Lake
Superior, has demonstrated the fact
that landing fields must be. provid
ed in this section of the state and
that airplanes should be extensively
used for patrol work. The state
military and forestry departments
should become interested.
The Nonpartisan League is now
operating in California and is mod
esty “soaking” each family $lO as
a campaign fund. It is planned to
enlist 10,000 families and thus raise
$1,000,000 with which the leaders
can disport themselves quite comfort
ably. This is purely political and
while millions have been spent in
Minnesota and North Dakota, yet not
one cent has been reported as de
manded under the corrupt practices
act.
Will Hays, who made a good post
master general, now is general man
ager of a big motion picture concern
and receives a salary of $125,000.
As postmaster general he received
$12,000. The picture concern has
also insured his life for two millions
payable to the company and from
this one would be lead to believe that
the new manager is expected to per
form some of the stunts in the pict
ures himself. Queer how a live man
is worth $125,000 and a dead cne
$2,000,000?
J. Adam Bede says that whiskers
are a sure barometer of the con
dition of the farmer. He says that
when farm products are selling at
a good figure, the farmer is smooth
of face but that when products
are low, whiskers are plentiful and
wonderful. According to J. Adam
there will be a wondrous exhibition
of whiskers at the conference at
Washington on June 23 when
Secretary Wallace calls his meeting
of farmers, and transportation,
packing, milling, etc., industries to
order.
The injunction case against Hibbing
and the Oliver Company to prevent
the razing or moving of the city hall
is being heard before Judge Freefnan
The Oliver company paid for the
building and the city sold it to them
in connection with the sale of the bal
ance of the buildings in that part of
town. A bunch of Hibbing gent’s
felt that this was a personal injury
to themselves and are trying to stop
it. From this distance it seems very
strange that an owner cannot do as
he pleases with his own property as
long as it does not interfere with the
laws or the life and limbs of his
neighbors. Besides, Hibbing is*up
against the unemployment proposit
ion and the new city hall and the
razing of the old one would help out
considerable, in addition to facilitat
ing the mining of the ore under the
part of the city purchased by the
Oliver.
Most of the down-state country
papers have been shining with a
prosperous look since the first of
the year. The occasion for all this
is the publication of the personal
property tax lists which the legis
lature of a few years ago ordered
printed and which shows up the
tax dodgers and also brings a few
cents to the coffers of the news
papers. The only three real, tax
paying counties in the state, Ram
sey, Hennepin and St. Louis, were
exempted from the provisions of
the law as the bewhiskered law
maker from the granger end was
of the opinion that the newspaper
boys of these counties, did not
need the few dollars to add to their
millions and that these counties
contained nothing but honest men
who would not dodge their person
al taxes anyway, publication or no
publication.
Again this week death stepped
in and removed one of the shining
lights of Northern Minnesota. G.
G. Hartley, one of the most pro-
■- -xrv-j-r-' •»'
minent men of the state and of St-
Louis County was called by death
Tuesday after having experienced
ill health for the past two and a
half years. Mr. Hartley was con
nected with practically every major
industry of Duluth during his life
time. He has been a resident of
the Zenith City since 1885 coming
there after his appointment as reg
istrar of the land office. He then
took charge of the street railway
and later went into the mining
game being heavily interested in
the western Mesaba and the first
to successfully wash low grade ores.
He was a firm believer in the agri
cultural possibilities of the county
and established Island Farm be
tween Duluth and Hibbing where
he has a large herd of pure-bred
Guernsey cattle. He also has a
large farm at Page, N I)._ where
be maintained a herd of 165 heau
of Aberdeen-Angus cattie. Up to
.ast year Mr. Hartley was one ot
the p-.ncipal owners of the Dulurh
New.-lvnune. He is survived by
his wn.ow, two sons and three
da ughl ers.
Scattered items of local news
and dispatches telling of increased
production here, of greater sales
there, of lessening unemployment,
of a general stir of action
industries, of a widespread move
ment among all men to go out and
get business —this is the greatest
news of the year.
It is the most immediately vital
news to us all—to our business,
our families, our peace of mind,
our hopes, our ambitions.
But because great news of inter
national significance with a bigger
appeal to the imagination is com
ing from Washington, the greatest
news of the year is passing un
noticed to the man who is not ac
customed to look for it, to read be
tween the lines of everyday occur
rences. In the meagre item here
and there this news does not seem
of great moment, but taken in the
aggregate, added to by every hour,
every day and every week, the
total is convincing.
We have struck a business re
vival. We are on the road to
normal production—sales, profits.
We are headed for prosperity.
Men who head great industries
realize the value of this business
revival. 1 hey know it can be
turned into an era of prosperity if
the obstacles of pessimism, doubt,
fear and inaction are removed.
The nation-wide advertising pros
perity campaign instituted by the
Rotary Clubs of United States and
Canada will give the revival im
petus in all parts of the country
that should show immediate and un
mistakable results in every com
munity in the United States.
RED TAPE.
Government red tape is illustrat
ed in a story which has been go
ing the rounds in Washington,
which, while perhaps exaggerated
in some degree, illuminates the
costly, time consuming and general
ly unbusinesslike governmental
methods which add so largely to
the expense and inefficiency so ex
asperating to all who have deal
ings with the government.
The story relates that a district
attorney in the middle w§st dis
covered that a piece of furniture
in his office needed repairing. He
notified the custodian of the feder
al building, who in turn notified
the treasury department which in
due course informed the supervis
ing architect, who authorized the
custodian to advertise for bids for
the work.
It cost $39.50 to advertise for
;he bids which were forwarded to
MINNESOTA POLITICS
At the general election, Novem
ber next, voters of Minnesota will
be asked to pass on two constitu
tional amendments, both products
of the last legislature. Amend
ment No. 1, as it will be designat
ed, authorizes the financial officers
of the State to loan money on ap
proved security for agricultural ad
vancement, while Amendment No.
2, commits the State to a new form
of taxation—that of occupation.
The latter is for the ostensible
purpose of cinching beyond any
possibility of legal interference the
new six per cent tax on the “occu
pation” of mining ore, but incident
ally a new taxation principle is in
volved and the baker, the butcher
and the candle stick maker is just
as liable to be selected as state
revenue marks as those engaged in
developing the iron industry of the
state. As a rule, constitutional
amendments have little to attract
and figure only in a small way in
the political controversies proceed
ing a general election, but the
chances are excellent that the vot
ers of the state will not be per
mitted to be in ignorance during
the coming campaign in the matter
of the two amendments spoken
of. Amendment No. 1, which will
be known as the “Rural Credits
Amendment” is due for some pub r
licity, but it will not be in it with
inovation No. 2. Already, it is
said, a movement is on to secure
recognition by the several coming
state political conventions of the
“Occupation Tax Amendment”. That
such will be met with vigorous op
position is without question. Read
ing the “Occupation Tax Amend
ment” one is rather caught by the
adroitness, of those who drafted it
and manuvered its adoption by the
last legislature. The mining of
iron ore is the only “Occupation”
listed and the North country prac
tically the only section effected,
but carefully concealed and avail
able only to those legally and ju
dicially learned is a principle which
if written into the constitution of
the state can only mean the taxa
tion of additional or all established
occupation if future legislatures so
desire. Under it the farmer would
be no niore immune than the hum
blest cobler. The two amendments
are the two most important offered
the voting public in two years.
Congressman, A. J. Volstead of
the Seventh District is reported to
be somewhat concerned regarding
his political and official future and
well he may. He wants to go back
to Congress again, but if there is
anything in the dope wafted down
Washington where, after many im
pressive formalities and much pass
ing back and forth, they were fin
ally approved and the work ordered
done. The job cost $3.94.
Then an inspector looked it over
and it didn’t suit him. He got into
a controversy with the contractor
which necessitated a trip by the
chief inspector from XX ashington
to settle the dispute.
The chief inspector accomplished
his important mission, found the
work satisfactory and O. K’d the
contractor’s bill and nine months
after he had finished his work that
worthy received his $3.94.
The story relates that taking into
account the cost of the trips of
the inspector and the chief inspect
or, the time consumed in the various
formalities, correspondence, adver
tising and so on, it cost the United
States SSOO and nearly a year’s
time to have $3..94 worth of re
pairing done. Dickens didn’t think
of anything much worse in his
story of the Circumlocution office.
Allowing for exaggeration this
case is fairly typical of the delays
and expense incident to the exist
i ing processes of doing government
business. In view of the complex
conditions it is not likely that all
red tape can be abolished, as too
many short cuts might open the
door to abuses and dishonesty.
But the narrative certainly em
phasizes the necessity for greater
simplification and the injection of
common sense in routine govern
ment affairs. It is to this end that
General Dawes is working so effect
ively and the story contains an ex
cellent moral for any person who
still thinks that the antiquated and
complicated methods of government
business are good enough.—Mil
waukee Sentinel.
This is a great year for the poor.
The government has removed the
luxury tax from steam yachts.
* ♦ *
When we look over our subscrip
tion list it is hard to believe that
man is made of dust.
Mr. Carley of Wabasha doesn’t
want to run against Senator Kel
logg. The lad’s clever.
* * ♦
That deep silence pervading Be
midji is the public demand for Mr.
Opsahl to be a candidate for the
legislature.
♦ ♦ •
One thing we refuse to lose a
night’s sleep over is the dispute of
the Hill heirs over Jim’s millions.
There are still 67 installments due
on our typesetting machine.
An exchange tells of this sign in
a dance hall: “The management
has the right to refuse admission
to any lady they think proper.”
And now that Ireland has been
given back to Ireland by the Eng
lish, if the Swedes will give Minne
apolis back to Minnesota we’ll start
out in 1922 with a united world.—
Northfield News.
Pity the poor Hill heirs, who aie
wranging over the Empire Builder’s
estate. Those on the losing side
will have to worry along on a
measly four or five million dollars
each. It’s almost enough- to make
you sit down and have a gbod cry,
isn’t it?
• » *
The big cities have their advant
ages of course, but one thing we
like about a small town is that you
can walk home at night without
fear of some holdup lad whanging
you on the head with two or three
feet of sanitary plumbing.
'by VANCE CHAPMAN
this way, a certificate for another
two years residence at the Nation
al Capitol is not going to be hand
ed to him on a silver platter.
Congressman Volstead’s one and
absorbing hobby is the dry act
bearing his name and the claim is
that it has been permitted to im
pair his usefulness in the matter of
the agricultural and other legislat
ive needs of his district. Further,
any number of those who aided in
his return to congress in the last
campaign, following a crushing de
in T the P rimaries at the hands
of O. J. Kvale, a Nonpartisan Lead
er who was later disqualified be
cause of a charged violation of the
state corrupt practices act think
they stretched a point in enabling
Volstead to again appeal to the
voters and that he should no long
er impose upon their generosity.
He wanted vindication, he got it
and they believe that he should
now retire. Congressman Volstead
is now serving his tenth consecutive
term in congress. Practically an
unknown, he edged in during an
extremely bitter congressional fight
in 1903 in which E. T. Young, later
attorney general and the late Mike
Dowling were the principal warring
candidates for the Republican
Nomination. It was the first year
of the primary law and its minority
features were of material benefit
u Vo J stead - For several campaigns
the Seventh District congressman
was practically unopposed, but in
1918 opposition in the person of
E. E. Lobeck, a well known pro
hibitionist appeared and Volstead
had anything but an easy task dis
posing of him. In the Republican
primaries of a year ago, he went
down to defeat at the hands of
Rev. O. J. Kvale, a leaguer, but
the corrupt practices act was in
voked and the nomination of Kvale
set aside. In the general election
which followed Volstead prevailed
over Kvale, who re-filed as an in
dependent, but it was only the ap
peal to the loyalty of the voters
as made by the Republican leaders
that saved him. As it was, he
scraped through. That K vale’s
nomination represented the wishes
of a majority of the Republican
voters of the district is without i
question, but it was at a period -Rain-in-tne-eace.-
when the state at large was any- ' It is said that “Raln-!n-the-Face”
'ng but pleased at the prospect received his name as the result of a
anru.ni ♦ oc ? a " regijpe and the persona) encounter when about ten
rears ■" >ge - - ® eren, “ bor -
Things are different now Ind so ii w, “ >m hc “° rs,e< ’ : . he
the general feeling toward the eral b,ows in the face ’ caus,n 8 M t 0
Seventh District congressman. The be B P at tered with blood and streaks
most talked of possible successor where the paint had been washed
is Representative Theodore Christ- away.

“BILLY” NOONAN SAYS
(Baudette Region.)
THE ELY MINER, ELY, MINN.
ianson of Lac qui Parle County.
* • •
Members of the Republican State
Central Committee answering the
call of the Chairman C. R. Adams
met in St. Paul Saturday and ar
ranged for the caucuses and sev
eral conventions as provided for
under the new party convention
act. The delegate caucus will be
held March 14th, the county con
ventions, March 18th, and the state
convention to endorse Republican
candidates for the several state of
fices March 31. The big meet,
which will be held in St. Paul will
have 1,088 delegates. Congression
al conventions m each of the dis
tricts will also be held. The Qpm
ocrats have not as yet arranged
for their gatherings, but a meet
ing of the leaders will likely be
held this week and a general call
to the faithful drafted.
* • •
The state tax commission has for
warded blanks to the mining com
panies operating on the Iron Range
as provided for under the new ton
nage tax law and the reception of
the same is anxiously awaited.
This is the first step in the collec
tion of the tax and the commission
is very much in the dark as to
whether the companies will comply
or prepare to fight. Arguments of
those who put over the new inflic
tion were that it would mean from
$4,000,000 to $5,000,000 additional
revenue for the state, but from
present prospects it will be far be
low that sum. A return of sl,-
500,000 is more likely., Rumors
are to effect that the Iron County
is not going to submit without a
fight, but there is nothing author
itive to this effect.
• ♦ •
Whatever may have been the
feeling in political circles toward
Gustaf Lindquist, now "State Insur
ance Commissioner, two years ago
—and it can be said with truth
some of the things said of him in
certain political circles were not
all of a complimentary nature —he
has certainly forged ahead since he
took charge of one of the States
most important departments. He
is now recognized as one of the big
assets of the present state adminis
tration and much of the political
bitterness that once featured his
control in the way of state leader
ship has given way to admiration
and staunch friendship. Gustaf
has lots of red blood and is not
afraid of the cars, all of which has
not been lost upon a number of
fly-by-nights who have tried to use
his department and the gullible
for their own financial advancement.
As to his political enemies, accumu
lated when he was chairman of the
State Republican Forces, they have
found that he is not all that was
said of him.
• * •
United States Senator, Frank B.
Kellogg returned to Washington
this week after a conference with
his managers. He does not expect
to be back until after the conven
tion campaign. Senator Kellogg
left well satisfied with the senator
ial situation and was confident that
the convention endorsement would
be his. With the coming of the
New Year, the report was current
that Fred Hadley of the Winne
bago Enterprise would open senat
orial headquarters in St. Paul for
Judge Oscar Hallam of the State
Supreme Court, but so far, Fred
has not appeared on the scene.
Since then the gossips have been
busy with a story to the effect that
Fred and Judge Hallam are not
fully in accord in the matter of
the campaign to be made by the St.
Paul Jurist. As the senatorial cam
paign progresses the contest runs
more and more Senator Kellogg’s
way.
♦ ♦ ♦
Senator James A. Carley of Wa
basha county may be the Demo
cratic offering for governor in the
coming state campaign. Friends
are urging him to enter either the
race for United States Senator or
governor and it is said the latter
looks the best to him. Senator
Carley is chairman of the execut
ive branch of the Democratic state
central committee and is high in
the councils of his party.
• • •
A story was in circulation this
week to the effect that Erne
Lundeen, former congressman from
the Fifth district might take a flyer
at the Republican nomination for
United States Senator. One of the
active ones in his campaign was
reported to be Paul Dahnel, a we'll
known radical and former newspap
er publisher.
Mrs. Justwed—You are very eco
nomical, Jack, where did you learn
economy?
Mr. Justwed—Playing poker with
your father.
The Value ef Music.
Carlyle has said that “music Is a
kind of inarticulate, unfathomable
speech which leads us to the edge of
the Infinite, and compels us for a
moment to gaze into It.” It is the
universal language of the feelings
which increases sympathy and broadens
the horizon of mankind. Herbert
Spencer, in his “Origin and Function
of Music.” has placed it at the head
of the fine arts, declaring that music
cannot be too much applauded as a
noble means of ministering to human
welfare.
The Wise and the Thoughtless.
I have many swift arrows in m.
quiver which speak to the wist,
though they need an interpreter to the
thoughtless.—Pindar.
BROKE
TWENTY YEARS AG
Taken from The Ely Miner of'
the same date in 1901.
—x —
Michael Murphy, one of the best
known young men of this city, will
leave Ironwood about January 20th
for Ely, Minn., where he will en
gage in the clothing and men’s fur
nishing business, as a partner of
Postmaster P. R. Vail, one of the
pioneer merchants of the Vermilion
range. Mr. Murphy has been with
Davis & Fehr so long—since the
spring of 1899—that he will be
missed from that store, but more
will wish him a fuller measure of
success in his new venture than
will the members of the concern
with which he has been connected
so many years. The people of Ely
will find in Mr. Murphy a pro
gressive and enterprising business
man and one who knows the trade
in which he is about to engage “all
the way up and back again." The
News Record commends him to the
people of Ely and the Vermilion
range, and joins his host of friends
in wishing him unbounded success
in his new home. —Ironw’ood News
Record.
—x—
Mrs. Joseph Louvrin, who resides
at the Zenith location died Sunday
of consumption and was buried
Tuesday from the Catholic church,
Rev. bather Buh officiating. Mrs.
Louvrin was a lady much admired
by a host of friends. Her broth
ers, Martin and John Papic, of
Eveleth, accompanied by their
wives, were present at the funeral.
She leaves a husband and three
children to mourn her untimely
death.
X—
Mrs. Frank Nikkola, aged 26,
died yesterday of consumption and
was buried today from the Finnish
church. She leaves a husband and
two children to mourn the taking
away of a loving wife and fond
mother.
X
The one-year-old girl of Mr. and
.Mrs. Jack Urcinen died yesterday
and will be buried today from the
Finnish church.
<■ X
The reading room in the city
hall building is now in full swing
and the attendance is -fair. The
best of reading matter is at hand.
—x —
Martin Skala had the misfortune
to break his leg while at work
hauling wood Monday. The many
friends of Martin wish him speedy
recovery.
—x —
The smallpox quarantine on the
residence of Agent Moonan has
been raised and Mr. Moonan re-,
turned to the bosom of ius family
Friday, a condition very much ap
preciated by that gentleman.
—x —
Capt. Harry Thomas and wife re
turned from their trip Thursday of
last week. The captain says he
enjoyed himself immensely and he
looks ten years younger for his
little vacation.—Chisholm Herald.
—x—
, The rumors that the Duluth
mine at Biwabik would close has
been denied by Capt. Frank
Thomas. The mine is not working
as hard as last winter but it is ex
pected that the main body of ore
will be opened soon.
—x—
Earl Fenske was ten years old
last Saturday and in consequence
he was tendered a party by many
of his younger friends. The tune
was spent in games and lunch, the
whole being capped with a sleigh
ride. All report a good time.
—x —
Diamond Rebekah Lodge installed
officers Saturday evening.. Mrs.
Jas. Hodgon was installed N. G.,
Mrs. O. Knutson, V. G., Thomas
Whitta, secretary and Mrs. S. O.
Hanson, treasurer. Mrs. W. Davey
as D. D. G. M. did the work. After
the installation a lunch was served.
—x—
Frank Sasek and Mary Adam,
Anton Brudar and Maria Burger,
Joseph Jerman and Johanna Boh
and Frank Koplan and Liza Toni
were united in holy bonds of matri
mony at the Catholic church Sun
day by Rev. Father Buh. The
wedding procession was a gala
event as was also the festivities at
the various residences of the sev
eral brides.
—x —
Sam Rapson, D. D. G. M., in
stalled the officers of Ely Lodge
No. 220 last evening. Thos. Wake
field was installed N. G., Wm.
Kevern, V. G., Henry Logan, secre
tary, W. Pike, treasurer, Al. Kohl
stad , conductor, J. E. Thomas,
warden, Thos. Quayle, I. G., Thos.
Polkinghorn, O. G. A. Thayer and
Wm. Phillips right and left scene
supporters, F. J. Thomas and M.
Davey, right and left supporters to
N. G., and W. Desjardens and J.
L. Stone, right and left supporters
to V. G. A lunch was served by
the Rebekahs.
X
County Auditor Halden left Mon
day for Norway, his old home,
where he will visit with his mother
who is quite aged. Mr. Halden
has not been home for twenty years
and while it was difficult for him
to get away, he felt it his duty to
visit his mother before her death
as she requested. He will be ab
sent about five weeks.
X
H. J. Lockhart, dentist of Duluth,
has arrived in the city and has
opened permanent parlors over the
City Dryg Store. Dr. Lockhart
has been located in Duluth for a
number of years with the well
known Dr. Goetchius and arrives
with the best of recommendations.
Ely has long needed a resident
dentist and it is to be hoped the
Dr. will meet with success.
Fashion Knew No Mercy.
In th 6 days when gull wings and
breasts were in demand for women's
, bats and when the law afforded no
protection to the feathered tribes,
they were slaughtered by thousands
all along the coast. Millinery agents
from New York would conduct expe
ditions, accompanied by expert skin
ners, to the breeding grounds of the
seafowl and hire local gunmen to do
the killing. One woman in a single
season brought back 10,000 tern skins
from Cobbs island, Virginia. More
than 500,000 tern skins were collected
one season in the sounds of North
aad South Carolina. \
AT THE CHURCHES
PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH.
Church School, 9:30.
Jas. Tonkin, Superintendent.
Morning Worship, 10:45.
Christian Endeavor, 6:45.
Evening Worship, ?:30
Bible Forum, 7 =3O
We were all greatly pleased and
inspired by the splendid address of
the Rev. Mr. Munger last Sabbath
evening. His presence amongst us
always has a tonic effect and his
presence with us is always a high
nrivelege. The large audience
which came to hear him went away
well rewarded for coming out.
We regret very much the sick
ness which has kept Mr. Miller
closely at home. Until he is able
again to return to worship in good
health the installation of the board
of deacons will be postponed.
Presbytery has instructed the
pastor to take under his care our
church at Tower. Arrangements
have been made to conduct services
at this place on Friday night. It
will be necessary for the Parish of
Ely to play the big brother to this
congregation until spring when it
ODBRN
* > /
The Magic of Chemistry Which Makes a' Compound
of Value for One Purpose in War
and Another in Peace
The art of warfare is as old as the
race itself. Warfare at' first consisted
of throwing stones at the enemy or
hitting him with a club.
The art slowly progressed. The
catapult was used for hurling good
sized rocks and the bow and arrow
served its purpose in stand-off com
bats. Thus it went for many cen
turies. Warfare consisted of ninety
per cent hand to hand work and per
haps ten per cent of shooting from a
distance.
Along about 1345 an old monk found
that gunpowder when properly ignited,
gave vent to a pretty good sized noise.
England and France were at war and
the new invention was tried out at
the battle of Crecy with the result that
the horses became frightened at the
“noise like thunder.” Losses were heavy
and gunpowder w r as voted a success.
Warfare didn’t advance greatly for
centuries. To be sure many improve
ments in guns and explosives were
made but the basic principle remained
—the only way to put an enemy out
of commission was to hit. him with a
projectile.
On the morning of April 22, 1915,
warfare was revolutionized when a
cloud of Chlorine gas was sent over
the Allied trertches wiping out whole
regiments. This experiment proved
so successful that the war, opening as
it did, 100 per cent explosive, ended
55 per cent chemical.
These war gases are of particular in
terest to the student of chemistry
because of the va
riety of uses to
whith they are put
in times of peace.
Phosgene, one of
the most
pf the war gases,
has found a wider
use in peace time
than any of the
others. It finds its
most direct applica
tion in the manu
facture of a large
line of dyes, includ
ing. blue, pink, vio-
A
*■
■leased by the Institute of American Business, New York)
Gbe ELY MINER...
...Two Dollar a Year
Notice to Trappers!
The fur market at present is at its highest and
furs that will be sold within the next few weeks will
command the highest prices of the season. Owing
to the large number of furs that are being caught
this season their is going to be an over production
and prices are bound to be lower, so it is to your
advantage to sell your furs at once.
Before you ship your furs call on us as we are
now in the business of manufacturing furs so there
fore we are in a position to pay you higher prices
than outside fur houses.
SAM COHEN,
ELY. MINNESOTA.
is expected that >it will have a
pastor of its own. /
H. RUSSELL BROWNE, Pastor.
Sunday School-
Preaching Service m
Epworth League, 6:45 P. M.
Evening Service, *’
Prayer Meeting, every Wednesday
at 7:30 P. M.
The high motive of church at
tendance is not paVonage to God
or man but primarily to worship
God, and incidentally to receive a
blessing from Him.
You are very welcome to come
and worship.
FINNISH EV. LUTH. CHURCH.
Rev. Antti Lepisto, Ph. B. Pastor
Re*. 119 Conan St. Phone 233-K.
Sunday School
Sunday Services 2nd and 4th
Sunday 7:00
Mid-week service Wednesday__B:oo
Choir Rehearsal Thursday 7:30
Ladies Aid Friday 8:00
I AY
(Told in Eight Sketches)
By JOHN RAYMOND
No. VII
WAR AND PEACE
let, yellow and
green. It is used
in the manufacture
of Coumarin, one of
making
vanilla and perfume
toilet soaps. It is
also used in killing
rodents, thus aid-
ing in preventing
the spread of bu-
bonic plague. Pho
gene finds another
application in free
ing certain sands .
used in the manufacture of optical
glass ffom traces of iron.
Benzyl Benzoate was required for
weather-proofing and fireproofing aero
plane wings in the war. It now finds
an interesting use in making synthetic
perfumes and synthetic drugs.
Dinitrophenol was supplied to the
French High Commission as an ex
plosive. In peace time we find it used
in making dyes, including the Ameri
can new sulphur black. This dye is
interesting because it finds a wide ap
plication in dyeing such articles as
hosiery and was one of the dyes that
Germany was confident America
could not make. It is gratifying to
learn from textile manufacturers that
American sulphur black is at least
twenty per cent better than any Ger
man sulphur black they have ever
used.
Chlorine was the first toxic gas
used by the Germans. In peace time
it is used in the purification of water,
the bleaching of paper and cloths and
in the manufacture of a great many
dyes, perfumes and antiseptics.
Napthalene was used in making our
war-time daylight signal rockets. Now
it is used in making such beautiful
dyes as indigo and orange. ,
From these few examples it will /e
readily seen why it is so simple a
matter to convert a dye plant into a
war-time production plant and why so
many other industries are directly de
pendent upon dyes.
, vj^^ylKP'
$*
*j*4 f
METHODIST CHURCH.
J
GILBERT G. CURTIS, Pastor.
IRACLB
' "•‘f "3
essentials
synthetic

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