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THE GREAT WEST
In issued every Friday, at 758 Wabasha Street, St. Paul, Minn. It is devoted exclusively to the commercial and political interests oi the agricultural West. EVERETT W. FISH, EDITOR. Deputy State Lecturer Minnesota Alliance. A. K. FRAIN, BUSINESS MANAGER J L. STACK & CO., ADVERTISING AGTS 62 Germ an-American Bank Building, St. Paul. Subscription Rates Address all communications, and send money to the order of FIBH & FRAIN, 758 Wabasha St.. St. Paul. Minn St. PAUL, MINN., AUG. 1, 1890 The Independent State Ticket. For Governor, SYDNEY M. OWEN, of Hennepin County. For Lieut. Governor, J. O. BARRETT, of Traverse County. For Secretary* of State, N. WESENBERG, of St. Louis County. For Treasurer, ERIC MATHIESON, of Lac qui Parle County For Auditor, P. H. RAHILLY, of Wabasha County For Attorney General, J. M. BURLINGAME, of Hennepin County. For Clerk Supreme Court, F. W. KOHLARS, of Le Sueur County. The following is a slight sketch of the candidates on the Independent Ticket; S. M. Owens has been the editor of Farm, Stock and Home, a Minne apolis agricultural 'paper, for the last half-dozen years. He has not been politically active during his life in Minnesota. He has voted the Democratic national ticket. J. O. Barrett, the nominee for Lieu tenant Governor, is a practical far mer near Brown’s Valley. He owns about 10,000 acres of wheat lands in Traverse and Big Stone counties. He is also the Prohibition nominee for Lieutenant-Governor. He was heretofore a prohibitionist. M. Wesenberg, the candidate for Secretary of State, is the editor of a paper at Duluth. Mr. W. was put up for the labor element—and represent ed a Knights of Labor Assembly (as reported to the press). But we are since informed that it was a “labor club.” We would like very much to endorse this nomination, but are in formed that Mr. W. came to St. Paul absolutely without credentials—and then nominated R. J. Hall for gover nor! Eric Mathieson, named for Treasur -er, is county treasurer of Lao-qui- Parle County, an • i:;- c he has filled for ten years, ii enthusiastic alliance man. J. M. Burlingame, th 3 nominee for Attorney-General, is a lawyer of con siderable reputation throughout the State. He has given but little atten tion to politics m recent years, but has been a Republican. 11.I 1 . H. Rahillv, i>e candidate for Auditor, is a large f t -mer in Waba sha County. He ha taken much in terest instate affab and has often been chosen to repre nt his county in the Lower House of the Legisla ture. He has always been a Demo crat. F. W. Kohlars, the nominee for Clerk of the Supreme Court, is clerk of court in Le Sueur County. He is a Democrat. The Minutes of the Rice County Al liance, held over last week, have be come almost too ancient for this week, as the convention has inter vened. We are glad to note that H. E. Boen, Otter Tail County, stayed by Mr. Donnelly at the convention until the glorious old ship went down, vot ing with him to the last. We would a trifle rather our ex changes would credit the Great West with its editorial matter—es pecially if the borrower “leads” the lines as editorial of its own. If the secretaries of the sub-al liances will send names to the Hap good Plow Co., they will get much useful advertising material from them. They are dealing directly with the alliances. It is the desire of the Great West that the Alliances all hold together firmly, vote the independent ticket, and begin radical reforms within it self by compelling a strict adherence to the constitution. If no journal strikes frauds within our organiza tion, who will keep us out of the vest ;pocket of the great parties? The independent stand of this pa per has met the support of farmers throughout the state. They say, support the ticket, but put down the traitors in our ranks. More names were put on our mailing list this week than ever before in one week of its existence. “What a disgrace# is that not a bushel of No. 1 hard is ever shipped to England except the Canadian product. — Great West.” Would the Great West prefer to have the American farmer send his No. 1 products to England and him self eat only such as would not sell ? —Battle Lake Review. Oh, go wean yourself. Jos. Keenan, of Austin, is accused by a Mr. Jonas Haney, in the columns of the Mower County Tran* script, of selling “standard” twine of inferior quality. Haney says that he exhibits Standard twine at ‘cer tain price and when it comes to de liver the goods produces rotten sisal from the thickness of No. sixty spool cotton to half inch rope. SI.OO a year. We have a letter from a very strong-minded labor-man of Minne apolis, declaiming in fiery tones against Tom Lucas representing the labor organizations of Minneapolis— calls him an anarchist, etc. We do not wish to fall down on Lucas because he is called an anarchist—because a good many of us are called by that name, and we have honored Mayor Smith with that title. But we know well enough that Tom Lucas did not represent any labor organization at the alliance convention. We trust that no farmer in the Third District will so stultify himself with political weakness and wrong as to vote for Dar Hall. In what re spect has he represented them? Where is the vote ? One vote cost the District ten thousand dollars in twine alone! If you are determined to vote for a man who dances to the caucus lash, why go for Hall. If you wish to shake off the political cor ruption which binds you to this sys tem of invisible taxation, vote for Mr. Gamble. We of course regret the fact that the Alliance Convention did not stand more closely by the prohibi bition right-to-vote idea, because we knew what would come, and what has come. Saturday’s mail brought the letters which have followed steadily since, declaring hostility to the alliance on this account. We ad vise moderation on the part of our prohibition members. You cannot afford to wreck the alliance move ment on account of that convention. It was not worth the sacrifice. Well, what about the Australian Law? The convention which nomi nated Merriam did not swear its offi cers or tellers—neither did the Alli ance convention. Now, what will be done? Will the very men who de manded the law (the Alliances) aid in having it nullified? What will the republican party and its Merriam convention do? Why, of course they can do anything. What is law to a powerful party—law? Why they simply keep it or defy it as they choose. M hen the last bulldozer has been throwrn at the independent movement , the party-patriot will finally fling this at the former republicans: “Well, you’ll just elect a democrat —and that’s all you’ll accomplish! ” Well, that would be-terrible—terri ble— terrible! Why just think how much horribiler the democratic ad ministration would be than the filthy republican ring! The faithful alli ance man knows no difference between the two corruptions. Mrs. Henry Plowman, of Luce, Ot ter Tail County, has a very able arti cle in a recent Fergus Falls paper on the relation of women to ’alliance work and the ballot. She says that the idea of permitting men to vote away the destinies of the country who can neither read nor write, while women can only sit still, see their homes taken from them, and do nothing, is wrong—and we can’t help but agree with her. A woman has to pay taxes on her property the same as a white man, etc., and she can see her taxes voted up or down, or squandered—without a word to say about it. Mrs. Plowman is a good writer and an able worker in Alliance work. We say to every farmer in this state: Standby the ticket nominated! We know too well that the Hall-La throp gang intended to break up the independent movement. We believe others are in it too. They are now doing everything they can to demor alize it. Where is the Campaign Com mittee?. Where ts the treasury? Where is the call for funds? What about the attempt to force Barrett off the ticket—and drive Mr Donnelly off the Executive Committee—and what about the refusal to conform to the Australian law—and those miser able convention frauds! But we say, “vote the ticket!” Stand by it, now we have it. Readers of the Great West were doubtless surprised to read in the “news plate” page last week a send off for John Lind, in the second Dis trict. This was perpetrated by our plate-supply people who doubtless were not aware that it was not a re publican sheet in any sense. We re pudiate every word uttered in the article. John Lind betrayed his peo ple. He outraged his constituents by votingfortheMcKinleybill. Long after the Great WESt had stuffed Pillsbury’s $20,000 challenge down his throat, Lind,in Congress,referred to that challenge to sustain the power of the wheat ring! Lind, — a law-maker for his countrymen! What are we coming to. Gen. Baker is infinitely preferable, and we hope the voters, will say so by an over whelming majority. The Red Wing Republican says the government would buy a dollar’s worth of silver for 80c. and issue a dollar at 80c. and take it to the mint and get a silver dollar for it! That looks bad, terrible bad. Actual Mephistoplielian—carbunculous! Au daciously phillipecuneous! But say, child of the star-eyed Yum-yum, what makes the other fellow sell it for 80c. when he could get a dollar for it just as well as you? Isn’t there a slight ly frsigillaceous film of the obscurius hanging over your twinkle-lippers? Say now?— Great West. Most classic Flounder; the man who told you the Republican said that, lied to you. What we did say you would know to be true: That if gov ernment now buys silver for 80 cents which it coins into a dollar and makes 25 per cent, under free coinage, “the other feller” would take silver to the mint and get a dollar for each 80 cents worth. There can be no differ ence between us about that. You want the silver mine owner to make the 25 per cent. We want the gov ernment to truthfully stamp “one dollar” upon a dollar’s worth of metal, whether gold or silver, or else to make the 25 per cent for the benefit of the people’s treasury. But, Flounder, child of the deep, blue seas, hast thou, too, a stake in argentif erous dirt?—Red Wing Advance. Now see here, Mr. Advance, there may be truth in what you say; but, like a popplebug luxuriating in the ligneous arborescence of the ambros iafolia, it wont come out of the hole. The beauty of his iridiscence is non orbitibusgoodgracious so long as he remaineth mantled in invisibility. See? If the silver mines make money, and the harnessmaker maketh money and the editor makes money, by the rise in the value of property—who loses thereby? Why, the people pay more for flour. Yes. The people pay more for a harness. Yes. The people pay more for the Advance jokes. Yes. The people pay more for the silver dollar—oh no they don’t, my delightful cauliflower. B} r no means. —You have simply robbed the miners —robbed the nation—robbed the peo ple-destroyed property at the beck of the English pirates—and you can retrieve the loss, right the wrong, and not cost the people one cent. The St. Peter Herald joins the band of angels who state that Mr. Donnelly has bolted the Independent ticket. Todd Co. Argus The Great West is far from ex pressing the general sentiment of the farmers of both political parties when it characterizes Knute Nelson as a tool of the monopolists? Mr. Nel son is in sympathy with the farmers and is not a demagogue, and it is in the latter that a reason is found for the opposition of the Great West. When and where did the G. W. characterize Knute Nelson as a tool of the monopolists? We said the reports of., that character were circu lated at the convention, and they broke the Nelson boom. As to Mr. Nelson the Great W est has very un decided opinions. It does not like the silent man who poses as a candi date. It understands that Mr. Nel son is an attorney for the Great Northern, and believes in bonding wheat elevators. But these charges are shadowy. Why should not a candidate plant himself squarely on the living issues of the day, so that such statements may be either sub stantiated or falsified ? A correspondent asks how Mr. Don nelly stands on the prohibition ques tion ? Mr. Donnelly believes in the right to vote on the question, and is now and always has been a temper ence man. Even in Europe he de clined to take wine, much to the sur prise of his English friends, on the other hand, R. J- Hall is thoroughly opposed to the temperance move ment —so much so that J. 0. Barrett walked out of the Convention at Morris. It was very striking to see a half-dozen Otter Tail County Prohibs walk up and vote for the man who had just closed his bargains with the standby of the Columbia association —a man bitterly opposed to them— and fighting them by all means, fair and most foul. How they did fight against Mr. Donnelly, whose temper ance addresses in England have been published over Europe. Every Dollar Draw* Interact. Bro. Smith, of Farmington, will please accept our thanks for his let ter on finances. It is a “stunner” and will be used next week. The Great West is still furnishing Half-and-Half (Standard), and the very best Jute (Patterson, N. J.). Standard at 13c. Jute at Fin ished American Hemp at 9j£c. In car lots we will deliver at station at 13%c., 8%c., or 9%c., purchaser to de duct freight from bill. In less than car lots the purchaser pays freight from St. Paul. Our advice to the Minnesota Farmer is to use Jute— though of course each one will be guided by his own experience or judgment. Our supply of half-and half is limited. Remember—we do not palm off sisal for half and half. It is guaranteed. Riplinger is His Name. Politics have always been credited withagood deal of slime. We scrape the following from the Hastings Democrat: “The Great West and Donnelly have for the past months declared that they were not in favor of an alli ance ticket, but Donnelly changed his mind as usual and made a hard fight to lead the ticket, only to sell out to Merriam” The name of the editor of that pa per is Riplinger. If the old Rip hasn’t lingered longer around the poor miserable liar it wasn’t Rip’s fault. The Great West has been even vio lently in favor of the independent movement —has proclaimed it though double columns, and on the rostrum. This low-grade political debauche knows it too well. He is one of the few—the very few—editors who will lie square from the shoulder, and boast of his depravity— a poor mis erable animal nature unfi to be a member of the profession. That's the Blatter! What is it ruining the alliance, and compelling its able men—its real workers—to take back seats, while demagogues, plutocratic hirelings, like Hall and Lathrop, and old time politicians, etc., get hold of the or ganization ? It is the admission to membership of men who are not eligible. Look at the old copper cased politician of Morehead, Bodkin, and the Money Loaner of St. Cloud— and men like Tom Toombs—and forty others—coming into an alliance! Read this from the Sauk Centre Her ald : “The alliance of Todd county man ifested a pecular conception of its principles when it chose Levi M. Davis as a delegate to the state con vention. Mr. Davis is a prominent democratic politician, a lawyer, monej loaner and real estate dealer —and everything and anything but a farmer.” The Australian Lav. It is remarkable that the Republi can as well as the Independent party neglected to comply with the provis ions of the Australian system of vot ing, as they apply to cities of over ten thousand population. Just what will be done about this matter we are anxious to know. It is a ques tion whether a powerful party, hav ing made a blunder, can override the law. We have no doubt but that the attempt will be made. But the most curious question—and more signifi cant—is as to whether the neglect was designed. The people of the United States are asleep—but the millionaries are restless and wakeful. To override laws is a part of their policy—and thus accustom the sleepy republic to public wrongs without rebellion. Well, Mr. Donnelly may well feel gratified that out of 370 farmer-dele gates, be received a majority of 39 over all! But for the frauds of Hall and Lathrop Mr. D. would today be the standard-bearer. Henry Plowman. A letter on our table states that Mr. Hompe, of Otter Tail, candidate for State Senator, was author of the shameful assault on Henry Plowman in the Daily Globe, morning of the 17th. It would not be fair for this paper to advise the Alliance people of Otter Tail County to make a po litical corpse of any wretched traitor who would so abuse an able alliance man—without more information. We doubt the statement, because we can’t believe Mr. Hompe would be such a fool. Our columns are open to Mr. H. to defend himself from this charge—it comes from an attache of the Globe. If Mr. Hompe declines to clear himself—which we cannot be lieve—there is but one course to pur sue —that is, retire Mr. Hompe to the shades where such knavery and folly may breed unseen. Mr. Plowman is an honored and intelligent gentle man, whose labor m this field over looks Mr. Hompe mountain high. Twine? The Grant County Farmer is being edited by the Protective Tariff League—which sends out editorial matter to country editors for them to insert as the web-and-woof of their own weaving. In one of these pro ductions we find the following list of articles imported into this country and listed as agricultural products requiring protection: Animals and meats $ 14,010,498 Cotton ; 1,194,505 Dairy products 1,250,025 Fruits, other than trop. 8,794,272 Flax seed 3,851,685 Grains, hops, hay, etc.. 9,252,912 Rice 3,499,437 Skins, other than furs.. 25,127,750 Tobacco 10,868,229 Wools 17,674,515 Vegetable fibers 20,468,475 Vegetables 3,637,301 Miscellaneous,,. 5,151,650 Total Now, once more, let us suggest that an editor, if capable of guiding his fellowmen, ought to be able to see through this “stuff.” In the first place only one-sixth of the imports are agricultural, including the chaff in the above, which we shall specify. Just think of it. Agriculture is the great exporter—the great basis of wealth—the substrat of the nation— and yet it gets only one-sixth of the protection! One-sixth did we say! One-sixth? Why, it doesn’t get the one-twenty fifth. Then what do the above figures mean? Well, the fact is, that the eastern manufacturer is so thorough ly “protected” that the foreign pro duct is actually prohibited in this country. You put the tariff on the manufacturers down to the agricul tural tariffs and the agricultural tar iffs up to the manufacturer’s grade, and you would put the empty head that produced those figures in a cage. These imports of agricultural products, small as they are, are caused by the farmers not being pro tected, while the eastern pirate is selling his goods in Europe for $6 for which he charges our jobbers $10!! Now let us look at these figures, and see how this country editor is sprinkling sweat and poverty over his countrymen : Those “animals and meats.” Out of fourteen million dollars value of imports two-thirds conies from breeding animals, etc., entered free —while the manufacturer is pro tected. • Another large portion comes from all animals imported into the United States by immigrants, which are free. “Cotton”—This is a stunner! There-are certain brands of cotton not raised at all in this country. The amount of protection cotton gets will be better understood when it is known that the cotton (raw) comes in free. “Dairy Products”— amount too small to consider when we note the vast extent of our Canadian border, and foreign cheese of peculiar make. “Fruits, other than tropical.”— Many of these are “protected” to the enormous amount of lc. per pound! The statement ($8,794,272) is false anyway—and most of it refers to trade across the Canadian border. “Grain, hops, hay, etc.”—This in cludes arrow-root, macaroni, farina, sago, vermicelli, etc., much of it free, and not raised in this country. The rest of it stands for wheat shipped in from Manitoba by the Minneapolis wheat thieves, ground into flour, ex ported—and the government pays back their tariff within two cents a bushel. This “protection” costs the farmers of the northwest about $20,- 000,000 annually. “Wools”—The large amount of $17,000,000 of wool imported—and yet wool was “protected.” This shows how much protection helps the farmer. He paid the tariff-price for the goods, but received no real protection. The fact is, that the farmer is bled to death to sustain manufacturers who sell their goods in the foreign markets now—and charge the home market fair profit plus the tariff, and the foreign market the same price less the tariff. And these country papers will sus tain the awful robbery. $36,000,000. We have been able to gather in a total of $36,000,000 of English capi tal invested in land in this country during the past three months. Most of this was invested in Louisiana. Austin Corbin handled at least $20,000,000 of this money. What is our country coming to? Let Ire land answer. The Great West is having a boom. Editor Cooke, of the Crook ston Journal, was in the other day, and w r e took him into the presence of the mailing compositor, where six teen galley lengths of new names were placed in the list for this week— about 1,100 names. The Great West has a clientage of about 15,- 000 farmers. “Distance” does not lend enchant ment to that late State Convention. Think of the mighty practical issues that should have been taken up, but were swallowed out of sight in the awful swirl of corruption which beat upon it. Here the Great West has been bringing to the surface certain cases of the boycott against farmers —by the largest firms in this coun try. We have also fully exposed the nature of the Northwest Lumber Combine. And yet, rather than stand up for the Great West, and their giant leader, Mr. Donnelly, and go into the mighty conflict under the banner of aggressive action, they were silent as the grave over pro found interests, and beat down their most active agents. What a cloud of shame hovers over that “Conven tion!” How inane—puerile—child ish! Every wire laid by the pluto crats of these two cities worked suc cessfully ! Every scheme was a suc cess. Every sell-out villain played his part—and a hundred farmers took their sugar-coated pills and played into the hands of their well paid leaders. It was the old, old story—it was last March repeated. Good God, what is there in future for us? $125,082,148 Nothing! Why, there came here to St. Paul men who are radical pro hibitionists and sticklers for political virtue. They waltzed to the syren tune of—Albert Scheffer and the Columbia Association, and the most sublime combine of St. Paul pluto crats ever concocted. Shall we call them arrant hypocrites ? They used every means known to destroy the power of the Great West. They hugged every lie afloat! They grasped at every shadow—and mag nified every weakness. A body of men who have spent hundreds of dol lars to get at the facts of railway outrages, of boycotts, of wheat steals —who have organized hundreds of alliances—who have paid other lec turers out of their own pockets— who have dared the devils in their haunts in this precious convention were trampled upon and cheated and abused! And a miserable little pin headed team who have never organ ized an alliance or done a stroke of work except for St. Paul plutocrats, were pushed into an absolute con trol of the State Alliance. Truly it was a great convention! The Great West will adapt a fact to the remarkable statements made of late regarding over-capitalization bv quoting just one city: Two years ago the corporations of San Francis co held in capital stock $67,000,000 —last year they increased to $227,- 500,000. This is a frightful increase, 200 per cent in one year. Every dol lar of this capital stock draws blood from the starving veins of the middle classes. Slavery and ruin hongs over the world like a portentious cloud. Is there no Savior—no lead er?. There is absolutely no hope at present. The leader of 3,000,000 workmen was side-tracked by our State Alliance officials at Fergus Falls, to find his own hotel and stay there! The living soul and inspira tion of the new revolution in the northwest, the scholar and orator, is stricken down and insulted by his own children. Surely, if this be the dawn of better things, it is a fierce and fiery breaking of the morn! Some of the eastern journals are copying the item of a western paper about what a train of cars cost, as follows: But few person who view a passen ger train as it goes thundering past have an idea that it represents a cash value of from $75,000 to $l2O - 000; but such is the case. The or dinary express train represents from $83,000 to $90,000. This engine and tender are valued at $10,500* baggage car, $1,000; the postal carl $2,.«X)0; the smoking car, $5,000, two ordinary passenger cars, $lO - each; three palace cars, $15,- 000 each.” ’ * ’ Oh your granny! Here’s the schedule: Engine and tender $7,- 500; baggage car $450 to $600; Postal car $900; smoking car $2,- 000; two passenger cars, $2,500 each; three palace cars $5,000 each; total for the train s3l,soo—instead of $120,000. National Banks are increasing very rapidly in eastern eities—as are also deposits while short loans keep well up. If any panic occurs in this com year it will doubtless come in the west—where the banks are suffering from an overloading with farms taken in on mortgages. This is a decidedly unhealthy condi tion of affairs. Money will soon be for loan on w estern lands at 6 per cent., unless things change. This comes from a dearth of commercial resources in the west—and the piling up of capital in the east. This week we geti the reports of eleven more railway systems,, all with increase of neb profits.