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Bradford, Minn., July 25, ’9O Editor Great West : Enclosed you will find small sum of money, for which send me sample copies of the Great West. The Great West is without a shadow of doubt the greatest window in Minne sota; through which the oppressed farmers and laborers are receiving so much valuable light. Some of its rays of light have penetrated to this county, and are doing much in show ing and convincing the farmers where the shoe pinches them. The Great West should be in the hands of every intelligent English reading farmer. I must say and congratulate the farmers for the independent stand they took cfn the 16th of July in nominating men from their own ranks to fill the offices of this great state. We can build up an Alliance Trust Co., for the purpose of alleviating one another in our mortgage dilemma, with a very small outlay of money to each member. Supposing the Alli ance has 50,000 members and that each member put in one dollar per month for twelve months, which would be $600,000, that could be loaned out at 5 per cent. It would in course of a very few years help every farmer out of his dilemma. The members that did not need a loan should receive a percent interest for their money invested. W. H. Dunbar Renville County Convention. An Alliance County and Legisla tive District Convention for the ‘County of Renville is hereby called to meet at the village of Hector, Sept. 9th, 1890 at 11 o’clock A. M., for the purpose of putting in nomination a full county and legislative ticket to be supported at the ensuing general election. Each Subordinate Alliance will be entitled to three (3) delegates. By order of the Renville County Alliance. James Hanna, President. Triumph, Martin Co., Minn., July 16th, 1890. Editor Great West: At a recent meeting of Triumph Alliance No. 699, the following men were elected officers: Pres.—C. S. Perrin. Vice Pres.—B. H. Wetzel. Secy.—John Tillman. Treas.—Wm. B. Brundage. Some very good and appropriate resolutions, regarding Independent Political action were passed. In the near future we shall place a county ticket in the field. By uniting as we have we have saved financially on twine alone, more than enough to reimburse say nothing about the satisfaction of having a clear conscience and con viction that we are on the right road. Long may the Great West live. John Tillman, Secy Alliance No. 699. I<etier* from the Secy of a Union Labor Club. Pipestone, Minn., July 20th, ’9O. Editor Great West: I saw in the Great West what you and others have said, in regard to the Census fraud. I wish to say that I have lived in this county for five years, and in this village for over two years, and am well known to the Census Enumerator, and that he did not even see me at all in his official capacity. There is another man who works with me who says that it was the same with him, each of us had a mortgage on our homes. I have heard others say that they were not asked any questions in regard to in debtedness. Give it to them hard on these frauds upon the people. ]n transportation and money this movement will win in the near fu ture. Almost every act of Congress in the present session has made con verts for our cause. J. A. Bigelow. A GOOD SUGGESTION. Mankato, July 7th, 1890. Editor Great West : Please let me suggest a thought for the furtherance of organizing alliances. Would it not be well to issue a cir cular to each alliance formed this season, at least, asking them to make monthly reports of all their members at the close of each month, that we may know the exact number of members. Also to report to the secretary all moneys, monthly, re ceived and due the state alliance. Then the organisers cap prosecute the work more efficiently and they will stick to the work. Yours for suc cess. Geo. R. Beals. Messrs. Kurchner, Kohl & Co., of Prairie Farm, Wis., state that the boycott of Hoyt & Co., of Chicago, did not injure them—that their trade has increased largely since the publi cations in the Great West. We notice that Mr. Jos. Keenan is advertising himself in the Austin pa pers as “Agent for Wm. Deeting?” We believe this is the Treasurer of the “Alliance” Hail Ins. Co., of Aus tin. Prices to “Homo” Farmer*. Howard Lake Herald: The advertisements of American manufacturers in foreign papers have opened up a field of interesting, if not sensational, developments. The claim is made, that a plough which retails to the American farmer at $lB, is put into the hands of the Spanish at SB. The American Ma chinist states editorially, that Am erican manufacturers sell machinery and other goods in Europe at from 10 to 30 per cent cheaper than in theU. S. The New York World has photographed advertisements of American manufacturers in South American papers. The retail prices of the Ann Arbor Agricultural Imple ment Company for the two countries are given in one of these advertise ments as follows: — Spanish Ameri price can Advance plough $9.00 SIB.OO Advance plough 4.00 8.00 Hay tedder 30.00 45.00 Mower .40.00 65.00 Horse rake.. 17.00 25.00 Cumming feed cutter No. 3... ...60.00 90.00 Ann Arbor cutter N 0.2 28.00 40.00 Ann Arbor cutter No. 116.00 28.00 Clipper cutter 9.50 18.00 Lever cuttei*. 4.25 8.00 Cultivator 22.00 30.00 Sweep .60.00 90.00 The following tellegram from the American “Ax trusts” gives a list of quotation discounts, giving the Spanish choppers an advantage of 30 per cent or more over the farmers and lumbermen of the United States: The American Axe and Tool C 0.,) Manufacturers of Hardware, > Troy, N. Y., May 30. J Dear Sir: We now beg leave to submit the following quotations of goods of our manufacture —for ex port only—which please regard as confidential. Terms, thirty days. Freight prepaid to New York, Bos ton, Baltimore or Philadelphia. hurd’s .cast-steel “razor-blades” TOOLS, See catalogue. Page 15 to 26. Broad axes and Adzes...Dis’t) Bench axes Dis’t | 50,10 Hatchets Dis’t V and 5 Boy’s half andquarter axes (percent DiscountJ Mattocks, long and shorty 60 and 5 cutter Dis’t V per cent. Brush hooks, axe-pattern) $7,25 eye handled per dozen., net BLAIR’S CAST STEEL “VICTOR” TOOLS. Broad axes and adzes, discount 60 and 10 per cent. Bench axes, discount 60 and 10 per cent. Hatchets, boy’s half and quarter axes discount 60 and 5 per cent. THE AMERICAN AXE & TOOL CO The advertising columns of the “ex port” or foreign edition of the En gineering and mining Journal con tain a list of quoted prices of the “Planet Jr.” implements at from 30 to 60 per cent discount on the prices to American dealers, with freight charges paid to the seaboard. The World makes the following state ments regarding various articles of tools and machinery : In table cutler , the seven large manufacturery are in a combination to control, prices and output. To day they are paying $12,000 a year to a factory at Beaver Falls, Pa , to sbsy idle and not to produce cutlery in competition with the Trusts, and the agents of this combination, Tommins & Adams, 122 Chambers street, declare that they are selling their table cutlery at from 15 to 25 per cent, less to the export than to the home trade. The Ann Arbor Agricultural Company advertises that it will put one of its standard mowers on board ship in New York harbor “for export only” at S4O. The lowest price at which that mower can be bought in Ann Arbor by a dealer there is $45, and the lowest price at which the American farmer can buy it is S6O, while the Spanish farmer gets it for S4O. The Farm Implement News also gives the lowest price of the sulky rake in this country at $lB. That rake costs only $14.25 free on board New York ‘’for export only.” The nine-hoe grain drill quoted by the Unos at S6O here and $l4O in France can be bought for export for ssl on board ship at New York—s 9 cheaper than the American can pur chase it. It is beyond the range of possible doubt, that industries which sell their products to foreign nations at from 10 to 60 per cent, below the prices charged home consumers, are able to earn their living without government tariff support. A factory whose idea of the “home market” is to charge the American farmer $lB for the same plow for which it charges the Spanish farmer $9, is in a fit condition to earn its own living. The tariff does not exist for such purposes. Protec tion is for industry * not for such high-handed dealing. In the ends of justice' a thorough investigation should be set on foot by Congress to locate and place on the free list all industries engaged in the business of exporting to foreign countries and making home consumers stand double prices. There seems to be some two or three score of industries in that business. These, with the one hundred trusts known to be or ganized, would be a fine installment of candidates for the free list, and when so located would gladden the heart of the American home con sumer. Resolutions from Bro. French re ceived. The letter from C. L. Le Vesconte, in reference to the Alliance Windmills, is again sent over to next week—to our regret. “Farmers’ Alliance and Industrial TJaion.” Mt. Vernon, HI., July 23d, 1890. Editor Great West : A state organization of the “Farm ers’ Alliance and Industrial Union” was organized at Morrison, 111., the 15th and 16th inst., President L. L. Polk presiding. The following of ficers were elected: Pres. —M. L. Crum, Cass Co. Vice Pres.—H. M. Gilbert, Henry County. Secy—F. G. Blood, Jefferson Co. Treas. —George H. Lee, Brown Co. Lect. —C. W. Stevenson, Jo. Daviess Co. Respectfully, F. G. Blood, Secy F. A. & L U. of 111. We are rejoiced to hear this. Let the glorious work go on until Minne sota plucks up courage enough to stake off her politicians, and then we can unite with the great national or ganization. Porter Heard From. The following -is taken from the Columns of that staunch journal, the Dakota Ruralist. It will explain itself: INVESTIGATION OF MORTGAGE DEBTB. Editor Ruralist: The counties of Beadle, Yankton, Edmunds and Hughes, in the state of South Dakota, have been selected for the purpose of making a special in vestigation of real estate mortgage indebtedness. Inquiries will be ad dressed to the owners of mortgaged real estate, and in some cases to the holders of mortgages, to ascertain the amounts unpaid and the reason for incurring the debts. The answer will be strictly confidential, and in no case will be revealed to any private person or public officer outside of the census office, whose employes are all sworn to preserve the secrecy of the information. It is hoped that, the interest of the mortgage question which prevails everywhere through out this country will enlist the co operation of everyone to whom these questions are made. This investiga tion is authorized by act of congress in response to a general demand on the part of the people that it shall be made, and it now rests upon the peo ple to make some necessary contri butions to its success. Very respectfully, . Robert R. Porter, Supt. of Census. [We give space to this and request our readers to follow it closely. We have but little faith in it. It will be in the hands of men who do not want the truth told. About the time our grandchildren are on the way to the poor house the Census Reports on Mortgages will be pub lished. Why should they be any more “confidential” than the popula tion of the cities?—En.] Read the advertisement of the Hapgood Plow Co., in another col umn. They are among the very best manufacturers in this country. Active and energetic agents are wanted in every country to push the Life Insurance of the National Al liance Aid Association. Interesting report from Wilmon township alliance, Nobles County, this week, from a member. There have been no death assess ments in the National Alliance Aid Association this year because no death has occurred, as yet, in 1890. Jas. E. Andrews writes us a good letter from Wadena. They recently organized an alliance there, ad dressed by Hon. Henry Plowman. Officers: Pres. —Jas. Ashburner. Vice Pres.—John Webster. Secy.—James E. Andrews. Treas.—J. M. Stow. Mark Graves writes us from Adrian that 500 men could find employment in that section during harvest. M. C. Whitney writes us a racy let ter from St. Cloud, which we shall use. Report of Fred Streich, of Sibley Co. Alliance, left out this week unin tentionally. One of our alliance exchanges gets off the following sound doctrine: The scheme to loan $120,000,000 to the Pacific railroad has been re ported favorably by both senate and house, but not a man voted for it who was not a traitor to every prin ciple of our government and in all probability received direct pay for doing so. The people have been rob bed enough by such fellows who sell themselves to corporations, and it is none too soon and they are moving to see that things are run more in their interest. The farmers and all the organizations of the nation formed to protect the people from such robbers have protested against the wholesale robbery, but it seems to make no difference, and each move is worse than any before it. That sounds first* rate, don’t it? But this same alliance editor supports a gang of corrupt politicians who are blacker than any U. S Senator or Congressman who ever sold his con stituents to plutocrat or slave-holder —we mean the dirt-eaters who run this State Alliance —men of whom we have sworn to facts such as hogs wallow in. It makes a difference whose standbys are corrupt it seems —the old party rascals, or opr ras cals. Kill the party rascals, but give our rascals the governorship I Thats the kind of meal on an honest man’s mouth, is it? The Progressive Age, of Minne apolis, the prohibition journal, speaks thus of R. J. Hall: “No man ever occupied the respon sible position of president of an or ganization who so inadequately rep resented the sentiment of the body that created him, as did President Hall. He was respected in his posi tion, but his plans and purposes were not only defeated but made the ob ject of ridicule and scorn.” And then the editor refers to Hall’s antipathy to a union of effort for re form! But, dear me, Bro. Dobbin, don’t you know that a score of pro hibs contended against us, even bit terly, and sustained the unscrupulous puppy who sold out his honor and his friends last March, and has since peddled out the alliance to city plu tocrats ? It is terrible—the attitude of those men! The Age goes on to say: “What a pity that these good farmers had not come up to our con vention three weeks ago. A union would have swept the state. As it is now, the battle of the divisions must go on another season.” Why, the alliance was not asked ? Mr. Donnelly wondered why it was that the Third Party people did not move for a conference —and of course we could get nothing from Hall—a man thoroughly opposed to prohibi tion. The La Crescent Co-operator has been spoiling for a fight with us for a long time—giving us little signs. So we appropriate the following just to give him a chance: “The leaders who have been quar reling in the Alliance camp, have all been left out in the cold as they should have been. It is necessary to have unity to give strength and any who work for themselves only should be left to help themselves.” Now we are a regular double-fisted fighter. Many good men can’t un derstand it. We don’t make peace with rascals until compelled—and then under protest. Let us tell Mr. Brown that he may as well let us ab solutely alone. The Great West will fight this corruption if it loses every subscriber it has, and makes an enemy of every man, woman and child in the country. Then it will shut up shop. No fight, no Great West. Now don’t make any com ments—we don’t ask Mr. Brown fora nickle. We are comfortably fixed— and are on the fight for principle bread and butter is safe anyway. Brown, of the Co-operator, says: “Every trick and intrigue is re sorted to by these unprincipled rep robates, to check the work, but still it goes on and in many cases when the organizers do not get one-fourth what is due them. We have only re ceived $14.00 for all the work we have done for the Farmers’ Alliance, although we have been promised a reasonable compensation for a part of the work, we have not received it and for most of the work received nothing, yet political dead beats and insignificant curs who have no prin ciple, indirectly work against the cause representing the farmers wel fare and by lies, slurs, and innuendos seek to keep them divided.” And yet Brown stands by the mbst dirty, loathsome political reprobates on the earth. If we lie, and our oaths are perjuries—then Brown ought to help put us in prison. The Great West has put more dollars than Brown has cents—yes, possibly ten times more, into this work—and still he wants us to give it all to the old parties —via the scamps who sell us out. When we want to support the old parties we will do it in day light. Close examination of the new Silver Act shows it up as a fraud and a de ceit. The lowa Tribune brings this out with great force, when it brings into comparison the bill repealed by it. The former bill compelled the coining of $2,000,000 per month. The present bill compels the coinage of none. The Secretary is to pur chase up to 4,500,000 ounces if it is offered 1 And he is to purchase at “the market value!” In other words he can make the value himself, being the heaviest purchaser. When experience can yield its testi mony on this measure, remember those who refused us free coinage, as with gold—and put in this silverine fraud. The Great West has had its say about the Minn. State Convention, and does not care to say more. The farmers knew of Hall’s antecedents before he came to St. Paul, and yet voted for him. We therefore decline to publish the letters sent us and the resolution passed against him. But our attention is called to an article in the Morris Sun, published at Hall's home. We do not understand it. We cannot positively aver that it represents Hall’s views, but if it does, he is a very strange man—unless in deed disappointment has estranged him from his own handiwork. The article says: “The great convention is over that has been so anxiously looked for- The Campaign Committee. A great many inquiries have been received at this office asking who the compaign committee are. We are utterly in the dark. There is an enormous amount of schem ing and dark lantern work going on, and it is impossible to trace it beyond certain St. Paul politicians. For instance, the St. Paul Globe states that Mr. Gamble is to be forced off the alliance ticket in the Third District, to allow a democratic candi date a clear field against Dar Hall. A dispatch sent to a prominent al liance man of the District was answered by a statement that it was talked of—“that if Gamble was taken off in favor of a democrat the democratic party would turn in and support Gen. Baker in the Second District.” Our readers will understand that we do not vouch for the truth of this—it is talked of, and the St. Paul papers which stand by Hall and Lathrop pub lish it as a fact. Such political trickery is worthy the most debauched ward in New York City-*-is worthy of the Daily News. But a still worse report comes to us from the daily papers of the Twin Cities. They stated Tuesday as an actual fact, that a committee of the Independent Party had waited upon Mr. J. O. Barrett, of Brown’s Valley, and demanded that he either throw overboard his nomination on the Pro hibition ticket, or vacate his Alliance nomination, permitting the Campaign Committee to fill the vacancy! And the papers state that Mr. Barrett obeyed, and withdrew from the Prohibition ticket. We regard this as a lie out of whole cloth—for we believe Mr. Barrett is too much of a man to be bulldozed—and we know of no man or men who would have the audacity to demand such a thing! We await w ord from Mr. Barrett with much interest —if returns from our despatch come in time will note same before going to press. Later. —The statement is false, Mr. Barrett has not withdrawn. Mr. J. O. Barrett was nominated for Lieut. Governor on the Indepen dent Ticket, by a convention, for the reason that he was not only a strong alliance man, and a cultivated gentleman, but because he was also the candidate of the Prohibition Party. Now, what right has any set of men to remove him from the ticket—or from any other ticket? Who is it that assumes to undo convention work? The fact is that the gang who took that convention, packed it, mis tallied its votes, wrecked its finances, issued checks from Scheffer’s bank etc., etc., are engaged in the desperate work of ruining the party. It was one whole, entire, vast scheme to annihilate the Alliance—for political con sideration. The ticket is a fair ticket. Mr. Owen is a man put on as an alternative —and is better than they designed. It was either Owens or Donnelly. They took Owens under necessity to defeat Donnelly. Let us vote for him and the rest of the ticket. But let us bury this gang of political mon strosities under a mountain of hatred. This paper will support the ticket as an absolutely independent news paper. It will countenance no such political depravity as engineered by the Hall-Lathrop gang. Messrs. Comstock, Snider, Lind, Dunnell, & Hall Will you kindly inform the citizens of this state whether you uphold the National Banking System. Do you look upon it as just to give rich men a right to issue government money (our money) on interest, and so that the interest goes to private individuals or corporations ? Very Truly Yours, The Great West. ward to by all parties, the old liners —republicans fearing independent political action, and the democrats perhaps hoping for it; while the prin cipals were not at all a unit. How does it now look, that independent political action has been taken, and the nominations made; well, to an outsider it looks dubious. If some leading alliance man had been placed at the head of the ticket who con siders alliance principles the first question of the day, we would have believed they were sincere, and deserved success; but to nominate a a man so little known in alliance circles looks very much as if he was placed there to do the least harm possible, to the coming man on the regular republican ticket.” A Tribute From Abroad. The “Press,” of Pueblo, Colorado, says: Mr. Ignatius Donnelly played a magnanimous as well as an impor tant part in the convention of the Farmers’ Alliance in Minnesota a few days ago. On the first ballots he led as a candidate for the nomination for governor, and withdrew his name on the grounds that some of the leading members of the organization were hostile to him, and he did not think if nominated he could poll as large a vote as some other candidate could. His ground was so well taken that his leading opponent felt con strained to also withdraw from the contest, with the result of giving the nomination to a new man and one whom it is supposed has no personal enemies. Mr. Donnelly is a brilliant man and as scholarly as he is brilli ant. He rises immensely above the ordinary mob of place seeking politi cians, and acting on the impulses of their small natures the mob have combined to ridicule, defame and destroy him. They are unable to appreciate his schoarship, his oratory and his genius, but feel he is different from them, and that his wide sweep of thought and splendid powers of rhetoric are a reflection upon them. His strength is his weakness in a political sense, and his eminence above his fellows the cause of his ill success. Senator Mott. Marshall News-Messenger. Farmer Orren Mott, the Alliance candidate for state senator for this district, comprising Lyon, Lincoln and Yellow Medicine counties, made us a pleasant call last week. He is a young man, of some thirty-seven years, modest and unassuming in appearance, and the first impression he gives one is of an easy going, con servative disposition, that would guarantee him against enmity no matter how long he lived in a com munity. Mr. Mott says that while he is not a speaker, he has had some experience in lyceum debates, and he has had no trouble in publicly ex pressing hts sentiments, hence his canvass will probably be made before gatherings of farmers at the district school houses. He enters the field with the favorable condition of not being known beyond his immediate neighborhood, which will save him &om the- stone throwing usually given to a well known man. He is a AUDACITY CRYSTALLIZED HOW DO YOU STAND? fairly successful farmer, and has the confidence of all who know him. He has never held office, even in county affairs and although the jump to the high position of state senator will be sudden, his friends claim his inteli gence. will quickly give him access to legislative duties. He did not seek the office, and his selection was the result of concession of the position to Lincoln county, where he was deemed the most available man of the Alliance. Tbe Federal Elections Bill. The more we know of this bill the more we fear it. It is not the first step taken to break up the American Republic—for the first was taken in 1862, when the National Banking system was inaugurated. But this is the first real onslaught on the bal lot box. From the day of its enact ment the polls in every part of the nation are in the care of the army— and the army in the hands of the dominant party. Citizens are being aroused everywhere. But the excite ment will last but a day. The sleepy headed patriots of today will slum ber on, until as a race of landless and homeless serfs or tramps, the rights of man will again have to be vindicated in blood. A St. Louis man is aroused to the highest pitch, and issues a highly displayed circular, with the following words thereon. The country is in danger! The freedom of the ballot is in danger! the plutocrats are conspiring to en slave the people. Build fires on the hill tops! Call mass meetings, pro test! protest! Write letters to the senate! Act before too late, or there may be a cry of “to arms! to arms J” and the streets be wet with blood! Never in the history of these States, has there been greater danger to the liberties of the people, than at this moment! Read the whole “Federal Election Bill.” Henry S. Chase. St. Louis, Mo, The farmer does not want the earth, but he does want a living show upon it. In order to have it, the board of trade must go down, rail road monopolists be taught that there are other people in this country as powerful as they, the government so adjust the tariff that all are equal* ly protected and also pass the loan bill. With such help as this the far mer would get on his feet once more and hard times be a thing of the past. A great many of the farmers about here nave been “settling up” with the holders of their mortgages. Thev deed their property for the face of their debt, and receive a contract from the mortgage holder to redeed to them within a given time on pay ment of the original debt, with cost and Interest added—provided the property has not been sold before the expiration of the time named in the contract. We know of eleveniarmem m vdne township which have been deeded in this way .—Ottawa Journal Citizens Arouse!