That the whole country is arousing becomes evident every day and
hour. Wisconsin is just arousing—and she will prove a lion in the arena
when her stalwart yeomen take up the battle. We clip from an exchange:
Three questions that to-day are before the legislature for considera
tion, are worthy of thoughtful legislation. These questions are (1) the
method of work*of the dairy andfood commission; (2,) the circulation of the
session laws, and (3) the abuse of the railroad pass.
THE DAIRY AND FOOD COMMISSION.
For two years we have supported a dairy and food commission at an
expense of $7,500 per year. What has the commission done? Aside from
its having aided some dairies and cities to secure pure milk, it has told our
citizens that they are using adulterated vinegar, syrup, coffee, tea, pepper,
spice, sugar, butter, lard and jelly. It has stated the nature and quantity
of the adulterants, and has named a few of the adulterators. Here its
work stops. We still buy glucose with one chemical flavor for pure honey,
and with another flavor for pure cane syrup; oleomargarine is eaten by
thousands unwittingly; our ground coffee is half beans and chickory; our
pepper is wallnut shells flavored with pepper, and our cider vinegar is sour
whiskey and sulphuric acid. If we complain to our grocers they either tell
us we are mistaken, or say they are unable to get better goods. We pay
$7,500 a year to see in print what we know by experience—that we are out
rageously swindled in our food stuffs. Not a particle of relief is given.
There is a method whereby this commission can be made both cheap
and effective. The method is both practical and economical. It is this:
Make all bills uncollectable that are contracted for adulterated foods
when sold as pure. When you get acid and water for pure cider vinegar, or
a doctored glucose for strained honey, your grocer gets no pay for it; the
wholesaler in turn is not paid, and he in turn passes the unpaid bill to the
manufacturer. Such a law within two weeks would compel the honest
marking of all adulterated foods.
Let a chemist be attached to the state experimental station to examine
foods. .If you buy adulterated food for pure, send a sample to the chemist,
show his analysis to the grocer, and that brand of false food is killed in
every market of the state. This chemist can have one traveling assist
ant. Both, together with all their expenses, will not cost the state $5,-
000, and will give the relief we seek for. ,
After each session of our legislature, such weekly papers as send the
new laws to their readers, receive SIOO each. After the session of 1889,
$38,000 was paid to newspapers of the state for sending out probably
not to exceed 300,000 copies of the laws. The reason for this payment
of public funds is that every man may receive at the least possible ex
pense and in the shortest time, the new laws of the state; for a man should
not be held amenable to the law before he has had an apportunity to read
it. These laws are published in supplement form by two or three houses
and are supplied to the newspapers at about $1.50 per hundred. The
newspaper that has a circulation of 400, will receive SIOO for what costs
it perhaps $9. The paper with 5,000 circulation pays about SBS and re
A bill before the assembly with good recommendation from the proper
committee, cuts down the pay of these papers from SIOO to SSO each. The
little hand-press sheet of 400 circulation still makes s4l, while the newspa
pers that would put the laws into the hands of 5,000 citizens will lose $35
for helping the state circulate its laws. If the bill passes, the readers of The
Mail are liable to receive no “law supplement” this year.
It seems not to have entered the minds of legislators that the state
could pay for this work according to the amount of work done. The old re
publican idea still prevails of a bonus, dipped with a scoop out of the
treasury and distributed to all, small and great alike, like chunks of roast
pig at political barbecues. If the actual cost of the actual newspaper circu
lation of laws were paid by the state the expense could be reduced to $9,-
000! That actual expense can be ascertained as accurately as can the pop
ulation of a city, and with practically no outlay.
A better plan yet would be to publish at the state’s expense $500,000
copies of the laws, send to each town or city clerk a sufficient quantity
to supply every family in his town or city. Have him mail them and
advertise that any one wishing a copy could have it by making the re
quest on a postal card. This expense would be not more than $5,000 for
the laws, $5,000 for postage and $5,000 for work of distribution; thus
circulating nearly double the number of laws at a saving of $23,000
There is a bill in assembly committee, providing that the giving and
taking of railroad passes by or through state officials or legislators, be
made unlawful. The author of the bill does not know its whereabouts,
though it is probably in the hands of the railroad committee. When it
comes out of the committee it is expected to come on a stretcher, the cars
having run over it. As we have noted in these columns from time to time,
all legislation that seemed unfavorable to railroads has been butchered in
detail. A bill reducing passenger rates on round trips and 500 mile
tickets, was returned from the railroad committee with a most elaborate
and studied report recommending the death of the bill. We are told by a
member of the legislature that the report was written by the president of
the C. M. & St. Paul railroad.
A member of the lower house tells us that not less than 40,000 passes
have been given during the session. At the low estimate of $5 each this
sums up as a $200,000 bribe. So long as the pass evil is permitted in our
state, our legislature may as well consult the presidents of Wisconsin rail
roads, and adopt all their recommendations.—Northwestern Mail.
President Donnelly’s Letter
In Regard to the Constitutions.
St. Paul, April, Bth, 1891.
Thomas A. Clarke, Esq.,
Dear Sir:— l have received, through
a third party, a copy of the constitu
tion of the State Farmers’ Alliance,
printed by you. I desire to say, as
president of the organization, that it
is very far from satisfactory to me.
The paper is poor; the whole look of
the thing is mean; it does not contain
the name of the officers; and it has
not even a title-page. It looks more
like the advertisement of a Dime
Museum than the constitution of a
great society with 50,000 members.
I am also informed by Secretary
Stromberg that you have stated to
him that although you had taken the
job of printing 57,000 copies of the
proceedings of our last annual meet
ing, and our constitution in seven
different languages, to wit: English,
Swedish, Norwegian, German, French,
Bohemian and Polish, and to take
your pay in advertising to be secured
by you, that you now propose to
print a smaller number in English
alone, and not to print the proceed
ings in any other language. It is my
duty to notify you that this is not in
accordance with our contract. The
State Lecturer, Miss McDonald, in
formed the State Executive Commit
tee, that you were ready to print 57,-
000 copies of the proceedings in
seven different languages, and look
for your pav, to the advertisements
on the fly sheets of the same to be
procured by you. On the strength of
this statemeht the Executive Com
mittee refused to give the job to the
Great West Printing Company,
which offered to print them, on the
CIRCULATING THE SESSION LAW
THE MIGHTY RAILROAD PASS.
j same terms in five different lan
guages, viz.: English, Norwegian,
Swedish, German and French, and
they instructed Miss McDonald to
make a contract with you on those
terms. To now refuse to carry out
this contract will be a great injury to
the State Alliance, because it especial
ly desired the report of our annual
meeting, with the speeches, platform
and proceedings, in the seven lan
guages named, to distribute among
the several nationalities, with a view
to increasing the membership of the
Alliance among them. Nor can we
expect the Great West to renew, at
this time, its offer, as the spring ad
vertising is now all given out.
Under these circumstances, and in
asmuch as there will be a meeting of
the Executive Committtee of the
State Farmers’ Alliance in less than
two weeks from this date, I must re
quest you to proceed no further in
the printing of said report, but to re
turn the copy of the same to me. Al
so please return to me the original
MS. of the constitution of the State
Alliance. It is very important that
it be carefully preserved.
When the Executive Committee
meets on the 21st inst., I shall sub
mit the whole matter to it for such
action as it may see fit to take. I
have the honor to be very respectful
ly yours, Ignatius Donnelly.
The mining bill which has occupied
so much time in the Minnesota Sen
ate may well attract the attention of
other states. Here is a mining com
pany worth $14,000,000, which is
not “assessed,” but pays one cent
per ton on product. It paid last
year $25,000 taxes only on 14 mil
lion dollars of property! One per
cent would have been $140,000!
Donnelly amended to make it at
least 5 cents per ton. That failed,
and then he amended down to 4. It
finally got a majority at 3 cents per
ton, or about % of one per cent on in
. ' T
An Insult to the State Alliance.
Mr. Donnelly received a letter from Thos. A. Clark the printer in Minne
apolis who was secured by Miss McDonald, which is the most outrageous
insult ever offered a body of men.
The Executive Committee called for bids last January to publish the
Constitution, platform and other general information, in pamphlet form,
in seven different languages, and 57,000 copies. The Great West ap
peared before the Committee through E. W. Fish, and Thos. A. Clark, a
stranger to all except one, appeared through Miss McDonald. The desire
of the Executive Committee was to have it printed for the advertising in
The Great West demurred at a proposition to print the pamphlet in
Polish and Bohemian, owing to the difficulty of getting it executed. We
had published 25,000 copies of a 32 pp. pamphlet the year before, in-four
languages, and found it a very expensive matter. We were willing to figure
on five languages—English, Norwegian, Swedish, German and French.
Miss McDonald insisted rigorously and positively that Mr. Clark could and
would take the contract tor seven languages. If therefore, any other con
tract was made with him it was simply driving the Great West out of
However, weeks pass into months, and months into new seasons, and
no pamphlets appear. The advertising agent at last turns up in St. Paul,
the last of March, several weeks after a written request for advertising
terms of said Clark, and he declared that the job would be out April Ist!
But, on the blank page of his “scheme” or “form” to show advertisers is a
printed “contract.” And this “contract” calls for five languages, 50 or 52,-
000 copies, and every other page is to be an advertisement. (The Execu
tive Com. rigorously limitted our pages for advertising last year both as to
quantity and quality.) But April brings no pamphlets!
At last, about April Bth, there appears a few copies of a preparation of
the Constitution alone, described by Mr. Donnelly in his letter, and lo!
Mr. D. discovers that nothing but the constitution is to be printed in the
other languages!—and he writes to Mr. Clark a letter.
Mr. Clark replies, and his opening sentences are as follows:
“Yours of the Bth at hand. In reply will say that it comes with very
poor grace for BEGGARS TO FIND FAULT!” *
The State Alliance of Minnesota is a beggar is it! Since when has this
great body of men afeked any favors of Thos. A. Clark, printer! Mr. Clark
you are a very remarkable man. You begged a certain job of printing
through your agent. The State Alliance could have got along without
granting you any favors. He goes on to say:
“These constitutions over which you are making so much fuss, etc.”
Is that so? These little, funny, crab-apple documents for a little squad
of 60,000 farmers—these insectivorous, infusorial, microscopic, infinites
simal, parallelopipedons—for which we make so much fuss—and for what?
Simply because the winter has passed, the busy time has come, and these
60,000 BEGGARS have been dead-beaten out of their documents—such a
trifle to make a fuss over!
Then this man of brazen cheek and consummate gall goes on to
figure, at this late day, when too late, what it costs to print
the pamphlet in seven languages and runs it up to $1,500, much more
than Miss McDonald mentioned for him. As if the expense were anything
to the State Alliance! That was his own lookout. He was to take the
printing and produce it for the advertising—and it is no concern to us
what his items were!
“Don’t you think it is a good deal like ‘Dime Museum’ business to
WORK THE PRINTER AhD THE BUSINESS MEN TO PAY ALLIANCE
LEGITIMATE EXPENSES! /”
That, Mr. Clark, will knock the stars out of their sockets. That is not
monumental meanness—it is continental.
“If Mr. Donnelly or the Executive Committee expect me to bankrupt
myself for their gratification, they are indeed great reformers. Again,
when they ask something for nothing they are asking that for which I do
not hold myself bound to give. I took this work agreeing to do the best
possible I could with it, the alliance guaranteeing nothing.”
Either you or the Executive Committee have been grossly played upon,
Mr. Clark. Miss McDonald and R. H. McGee were delegated to make a con
tract with you to LET (not “beg”) you have the contract for the advertis
ing! Did they do it? Did you take the contract? The Hall Committee
took a cast-iron contract from us last year!
If they gave you a go-as-you-please job, why you are not at fault, cer
tainly, and we are, certainly, a lot of roustabout beggars, placed in this
muddy situation by Miss McD. and R. H. McGee. If you took a real con
tract, then what’s the matter with executing it?
Our opinion is that Miss McD., R. H. McGee, A. L. Stromberg, and
possibly others, did not do justice to Mr. Clark—did not put it before
him straight. And by delay in the copy—by scheming—on the part of
some parties, it looks as though the Constitutions, Platform, Instruc
tions how to Organize, etc., would not be gotten out until too late to be of
service—and thereby render Mr. Donnelly’s administration a failure!
And here we are—January, and February, and March, and April
passed—or rapidly disappearing—and still the work undone—and the
State Alliance fault-finding BEGGARS!
Mr. Griggsby admits that that Campaign Committee put money into
the Industrial Age—but doesn’t know how much. Another ravelin’s got
loose. It’s nearly S6OO long now! We notice that the Lamb-like state
house apostles got there just the same.
There is no earthly object in Albert
Warren or Carrington Phelps making
any financial report now, of that
Campaign Committee. It might sim
ply be “Doctored up.” There would
be some enormous amounts for Sta
tionery and Printing; travelling ex
penses of speakers, and pay; adver
tising and halls, etc., etc., etc., of
which not one item in ten ever occur
Does any one suppose that men
who contributed S2O each and then
drew S6O, would account for the
money used to buy them a newspa
per-two of them? Yes, it is quite
rich for a journal like the G. W. to
see its friends pouring in the cash to
give such men a paper to destroy us
with. But so long as farmers come
to a convention without vinegar in
their pockets and rocks in their
hearts they will do just such things.
Now, there wasn’t a genuine coward
in the whole convention. The differ
ence was this:
it-for-me gang went there for business
and attended to it. The radicals
went there to whoop-er-up for har
mony. and they attended to it. And
the got left, of course.
Stromberg, a Hall-Scheffer attache,
was cheered into the Secretaryship;
Bjorge, the merchant-dollar-for-La
thropgold-watch man, went in for
Treasurer; Miss McDonald, the re
porter for the Daily Globe, friend of
the News, and enemy of the G. W.,
came as near the Lectureship as the
ARE YOU BECGARS!
law allows. And now look at your
Knudson, of Blue Earth, cast the
one vote in the House against the
Tawney (Hompe) R. R. bill.* His
reason was that there was absolute
ly nothing in the bill to call for its
passage, and as a matter of legisla
tion it was useless and superfluous.
Mr. Knudson was the most sensible
man in the House. That bill ought
to brand Hompe as a traitor to
the Farmers’ Alliance. Even Harry
Robinson’s “N. W. Railroader”
praises it. Thirty-seven senators
voted for it and one against—seven
of the Twin-City Octarchy cried,
Senator McHale, of Scott Countv,
democrat, deserves the thanks of the
moral citizens of this state and the
entire country, for the eloquent and
radical stand he takes against the
bawdy costumes of the modern
stage. We are no enemy to a legiti
mate stage—but we believe that the
daily press degrades itself by defend
ing the custom of putting troops of
girls on the stage to parade before
the youth of the land without a
stitch of clothing on except a pair of
skin-fitting tights and an elastic
bodice. On the part of the citizen
ship who are not “stuck” on that
kind of “art” we thank Senator
McHale for his eloquent efforts. Sen
ator Donnelly also took a firm stand
with the Scott Co. Senator.
I*l*t of Soorotorioa.
Last week the 6. W. made the dis
tinct charge that Secretary Sti;om
berg had furnished President Don
nelly with an old mailing list of Sec
retaries, which was worthless, while
he and others of the state-house Hng
had the correct one prepared under
orders of the Executive Committee.
To this explicit charge Stromberg
replies as follows:
Forest Lake, Minn.,
April 13th, 1891.
Editor Great West:
In ansWer to your statements on
the 3d [sth] page of your paper dat
ed April 10th, referring to the State
Secretary’s list of the local secretar
ies, etc., I will only say that they are
falsehoods. And in regard to the last
statement I will add, that, in the ev
ening of April 111 asked our Honor
able President, Mr. Donnelly, where
he ascertained those facts? And the
President answered, “I have made no
such statements to the Doctor, nor
ascertained any such fasts.” This
was said in the presence of Mr. Ham
lin V. Poore. A. L. Stromberg.
That is sublime audacity, Mr. S.
Mr. Donnelly never made that state
ment, nor did Mr. Poore hear him
make it. But the President did state
that you had permitted him to keep
a type-writer busy day after day on
a worthless list!
Mr. Donnelly did not furnish the
Doctor those facts—nor did we so
state—for the very logical reason
that the Doctor furnished them to
Mr. Donnelly ! We thought you had
played your little game too long, es
pecially when you let those last im
portant circulars be addressed by
that list —in which not one hundred
secretaries are correct 1
Let us get down to business:
The Ex. Com. ordered blanks prin
ted to send out and get up a new list
It was done.
You and your friends have had it.
You were directed to furnish said
list to the President.
Did you do it?
Have you done so up to date—the
No, you furnished him an old car
boniferous list in which there are en
tire counties without a living alli
ance (out of 9 to 20) chronicled —but
alliances dead five years brilliant
with secretaries long since in heaven
—or now opposed to the alliance!
We think old Mower Co. has one
real secretary out of fourteen to
twenty. When Stromberg was asked
about the Dexter Alliance, which did
not show up, he said, “That’s dead!”
How does it feel to be dead, Dec ?
Ist. HAVE you furnished the
President with your list?
2d.—Dare you make oath as to
who got it through you ?
3d.—How long have you Honor
abled our stalwart President—except
by ministering to the wants of his
bitterest enemies ?
A gentleman came into our office
this week Wednesday morning, and
said: “Doc., you’re not radical
enough on these frauds in the city—
here, I’ve written an editorial for
We read it over and behold it was
“What name shall we put to it?”
“No name—it’s editorial— it’s your
writing—put it in.”
That we will, and here it is:
Farmers of Minnesota! Members
of the Alliance! do you want har
mony with those who are traitors to
the cause? Will you stand idly by
and say you don’t like the Great
West— that Dr. Fish is too radical,
while at the same time men like Al
bert Warren are receiving the money
you so generously donated at the
annual meeting to defray supposed
campaign expenses—with an unkept
promise that an itemized statement
would be made showing what dispo
sition was made of the money? To
this day no report is made and you
don’t know for what purpose this
money was used? Can it be possible
that many of you gave money not
to defray campaign expenses, but to
sustain a paper that would antagon
ize theG. W? Where is that promised
report? For what was the money
paid? Farmers, we must have some
radical treatment. Treatment like
Senator Donnelly has tried to give
us in the Senate but failed for the
want of support—not only from
members in the Senate, but from cer
tain papers who are passing as Alli
ance papers! How is it possible for
the Alliance to gain anything while
Eart of the Alliance is fighting the
aders? Farmers, come to the
front, and stand by those who stand
by you, and never talk “harmony”
until every traitor is driven from the
ranks. Then, and not before, let us
have harmony. If the G. W. is too
radical and you must have soft soap
and whitewash say the word and
we’ll give you soft soap and white
wash till you can’t rest* What say
you, farmers? Which will it be?
The Railroad Bill drawn up by
Tawney and presented by Hompe
has passed the House, and is now
the law of Minnesota. Its value is in
inverse ratio to its popularity. It
was carried by a vote ot 37 to 1 in
the senate and but one vote against
in the house. That settles it.
To the Headers
or the Great West:
Some alliance men, I understand,
are complaining because I took my
share of the appropriation for report
ers—and complaining of the Great
West. I left a salaried position in
the G. W. office to report, without
any pay whatever—and, truly, I
thought that I worked hard enough
to deserve some compensation. But
I never asked it. I did not ask to have
my name put on the list. I never
asked a senator to vote for it. I hu
morously asked Senator Mott how
he would vote, and he said promptly
that he would vote against it. Dr.
Fish, when he was told of the conver
sation, sent word at once to Mr.
Mott that he was right. The Dr. and
several friends consulted as to what
would be the right course to pursue,
and he instructed me as follows: “Do
nothing to aid the bill. If it passes,
and the others get paid, you take
yours too— and keep it youiself. The
office don’t want a cent of it.” This
meant something to me, as I have
my own account. I believe that Mr.
Donnelly voted for the appropriation
—about $1,200 I believe—from a
sense that it was just, although the
amount was too large. Remember,
farmers, that this state does not pub
lish a journal for distribution as does
other states, and reporters, even
though unfair men or women, are
compelled to be on the alert con
stantly, if faithful, and all their
other work is crowded over. At least,
that is my view of it. I was the only
unsalaried reporter there, and my
conscience is clear—except that I
think SIOO for 110 days would have
been more reasonable. I think I
earned the money.
Elizabeth A. Fish.
The state-prison bill passed the
senate. It calls for three managers
instead of five, and after the preseht
executive term, they will be elected
by the people. The bill also provides
for the immediate purchase of an
other twine machine.
Atty John W. Arctander, of the
law firm of Arctander & Arctander,
Minneapolis, has been in almost con
stant attendance, lately, upon the
legislature, caring for labor interests.
They have drawn and examined bills,
briefs and statements, and been
ready with counsel. What makes
this a matter of deep interest is that
this work has been almost entirely
free of expense, even to the printing
of the briefs. The senior member of
the firm has had struggles, and, we
understand, has even experimented
with prison life, owing to his views
and vigorous expression of them in
the old country. The labor men ap
preciate their friendship very highly.
Hompe Makes Another Break.
Monday evening, on the Reform
School bill, Hompe again made a rec
ord for labor people. He said it was
not good sense to change public
policy for “a few labor cranks.” And
followed it with equally silly remarks,
stating that “it was time for this
nonsense to cease!” Brilliant
Forest Lake, Minn., April 11, ’9l.
Editor Great West:
Please find the following report:
Cash receipts from local alliances
during the week ending today:
Alliance No. Amt. Pd.
829 $ 2 55
534 3 24
1327 2 00
1328 2 00
1037 6 00
881 } 2 10
1041 m 510
1011 5 00
1070 6 00
1216 4 80
1208 1 80
796 , 2 75
1329 2 00
1330 2 00
■■■*.. $47 34
A. L. Stromberg,
Sec’y S. F. A.
State Farmers* AlUanoe.
office of secretary.
Forest Lake, Minn., April 11, ’9l.
Editor Great West:
The following new alliances have
been chartered during the week end
Thresher Alliance, No. 1327. Sec’y,
John S. Nichols, Fertile, Polk Co.
Alliance No. 1328. Sec’y, John S.
Sanbak, New York Mills, Otter Tail
Oak Grove Alliance, No. 1329.
Sec’y, Fred M. Dow, Alma Cityj
Carinna Alliance No. 1330. Sec’y,
David T. Allen, Maple Lake, Wright
Jackson County Alliance No. 1331.
Sec y, C. W. Gove, Lakefield, Jack
son Co. Pres. E.J. Meileke. Officers
elected pro tern.
A. L. Stromberg, .
Sec’y S. F. A.
'* :; j
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