Newspaper Page Text
a* -f; •'*
Wr/?*:-■ • MPr -fj’- MIMESOTA SOLONS. Condensed Proceedings of Both Branches of the Minnesota Leg islature. What is Being Attempted in the Way of Legislation by Our Law makers. : i * Wednesday, April. 8. SENATE During the morning session the senate adopted resolutions appropriating $589.30 for the expenses of the state prison investi gation and giving the doorkeepers full pay at $5 per day from the beginning of the session. They were appointed-at $3. The resolution passed by a vote of 33 to 8. Re peated attempts have been made to get through the senate a resolution providing for a second edition of the manual, but heretofore they have tailed. Yesterday morning Senator Davis renewed the war and finally his resolution was adopted. The Hennepin senators had a little alter cation over the house bill putting several county officers on a salary instead ot the present lee system. This was an issue in the last campaign, and the Democrats sought to evade direct conflict with their own platlorin by passing the bill, but mak ing it take effect Jan. 1, 1893, at the close of the terms of the present Democratic of cials. Senator Morse and John Day Smith objected to Senator March’s recommen ’.a tion that the bill pass and it went back to the delegation. 'A-couple of bills were introduced at the close of the calendar and then adjournment was taken until this morning. The house had its first tilt yesterday over the senate measure known as the Davis in terest bill. The bill was reported back by the committee on banks and banking. There were two reports upon it, one signed by Messrs. Capser (the chairman of the committee), Dearing, M. Walsh and Lloyd, recommending that the bill be indefinitely postponed, and the other report simply re turning the bill to the house without rec ommendation being signed by Messrs. Ly man, Haller, Gilmore and Carlton. The minority report of the committee on state university and agricultural college was presented. It is signed by Messrs. Greer, Coburn. Starks, Coates and Zelch, and re ports adversely on the proposition to sep arate the college from the university. On the request of the governor Mr. Har wick was given leave to introduce a bill authorizing the board of surer visors of Sherburne county to appropriate money for building a town hall. The bill was passed under a suspension of the rules. Two bills occupied the attention of the state senate during the greater part of the morning session yesterday. The first was Senator McHale’s anti-tights bill, which was passed by the rousing majority of 37 to 12. During the committee reports of the morning the bill fixing the salaries of the city officials of St. Paul was reported back and passed under suspension of the rules. The alternoon was "spent on general or ders with Senator Mayo in the chair. „ Senator Sevatson made astrqng argument for his bill fixing the liability of common carriers and providing that railroads must lurnish cars for shipment of grain, shall weigh and receipt for the same and be re sponsible for the delivery of lull weight (less a slight percentage lor natural waste), and providing penalties lor enforcement. Mr. Tawney thought the bill was not .practical and Senator Crandall agreed with him, but Mr. Sevatson carried his point, and the bill Was recommended lor passage. The committee on leapportionmentmade a report unanimously recommending Sen ator Graig’s bill providing lor the division of the state into seven congressional dis trict*, to pass. The committee on banks and banking re ported to indefinitely postpone two bills relating to usury and Interest. Mr. Feig asked to have his bill, H. F. 1086, relating to the adulteration of coffee and honey, recalled from the judiciary com mittee and placed on general orders, claim ing that his bill was being withheld by the committee. The railroad committee reported back the anti-scalpers’ bill without recommenda tion. Senator McHale’s anti-tights bill reached the house during the afternoon, and after being read Mr. Wilson moved that it be re ferred to the committee on printing. The calendar was then taken up, and, there being forty bills thereon, it occupied the re maining part of the aiternoon session. The most important of the bills passed was Mr. Tripp’s bill, H. F. 141, to prevent crimes against the elective franchise. The bill had been pretty well discussed and amended and it passed with but little discussion Mr. Long’s bill, H. F. 688, to establish the hours on public works by making eight hours constitute a day’s labor, was passed. The afternoon was devoted to general or ders, with Senator McHale in the chair, and the bill repealing the law taxing mining products and exempting mining lands was the chief attraction on the boards. Senator Tawney spoke first, and made an admirable summary of the workings of the present law and the whole mining situation. Senator Davis considered Mr. Leavitt’s bill as an effort to break down the mining interests of the state. At last the committee voted to indefinite ly postpone by a vote of 24 to 18. Then the committee arose and Senator Leavitt moved to amend the report by recommending the bill to pass. Senator Donnelly tried to get in an amendment changing the present law by raising the tax on raining products lroiu 1 to 5 per cent, but lost it by a vote of 20 yeas to 24 nays. Senator Leavitt’s motion to amend by recommending to pass was then carried by • vote of 24 yeas to 22 nays cast A portion of an hour eras consumed in discussing a resolution -offered by Mr. Starks providing that bills introduced at the request of the governor take the regular course and be not passed under suspension or the rules in future. There was a substi tute for the resolution and an amendment, both recommending a method of dealing with local bills, but after a sharp lecture from Mr. Diment, who told the house that the only way to expedite business was to quit arguing and go ahead, the whole mat ter was laid over. Mr. Waoek offered a resolution calling for the appointment of a committee of three to investigate as to whether or not the services ot several of the clerks of standing committees can be dispensed with. The resolution was adopted. Another bill killed was H. F. 667. Mr. Wahlund’s bill to provide for a census of children of school age. It was defeated by s vote of 38 to 36, and Mr. Boyd gave no tice to reconsider. Mr. Lomen’a bill relating to town plats, •s amended by the judiciary committee, waa also defeated by a vote of 38 to 46. In committee of the whole Senator Lea vitt's bill to repeal the mining tax law with several amendments tacked to it was rec ommended to pass. At the opening of the session Senator Donnelly occupied twenty minutes of valu- HOUSE Thursday, April, 9. SENATE. HOUSE. Frlday April. 10. SENATE. HOUSE. Saturday, April 1 1. SENATE. able time in pushing a resolution intended, as he said, to facilitate business. It sus pended certain rules. But the sage could not persuade the senate that his plan was a good one and came out second best. About two hours of the afternoon session were consumed in committee reports and first and second reading of bills. A large number of local bills were passed, among them Senator Stevens’ bill putting the Ram sey county abstract office on a fee basis and providing that it shall be regularly inspect ed by the county attorney. HOUSE. There was a long debate over H. F. 573, Mr. Searle’s bill to regulate the convict la bor at the state reformatory at St. Cloud. The bill is lor the purpose of relieving the quarry industries of that -ection and the stone cutters from being injured by compe tition with convict labor. Mr. Searle spoke in favor of his bill, and declared it was to meet the wants and wishes of his constitu ents. Messrs. Capser, Linnemann and Coates, from the same county (Stearns), also favored the passage of the"bill, and Mr. Searle moved that it be recommended to pass. Mr. Currier moved to increase the num ber of convicts allowed to be employed in stone cutting to 40 per cent. After considerable discussion Mr. Diment offered a substitute as a compromise mak ing the number 33 per cent. Mr. Keyes thought it no matter how few or how many convicts were employed on any class of work, they would always be in competition with some interest. On a division, Mr. Diment’s substitute was adopted, and the bill was so amended. Monday, April 13. SENATE. Senato r Lienan introduced a resolution allowing Edward Newell, tile clerk, $3 per day for the first eight days of the session. An amendment offered by Senator Sanborn including G. N. Biaisdell, chief file clerk, was adopted, and the resolution was adopted. Senator Lommen’s resolution providing that the rules of debate in the senate shot d prevail ini committee of the whole was called up by its author, and was promptly killed bv the senate. NO PREFERRED BILLS. Senator Daugherty moved to reconsider the vote by which Senator Donnelly’s reso lution to allow each senator to seiect one bill from general orders, which bills were to take precedence, was defeated, The mo tion to reconsider was adopted by a vote of 28 to 15, and then the resolution was voted down, receiving 28 votes out of the neces sary 30 to adopt. The senate bill reducing the board of pub lic works of St. Paul from lour members to three was returned by the house with an amendment which restored the number to four lor one year, after that the board to consist of three members. On motion of Senator Lienau the senate reiused to con cur in the house amendment, and the bill was sent back to the house. HOUSE. Two or three Ramsey county bills were reported back by Mr. Walsh, the secretary of the delegation, among them being H. F. 863, the bill regulating the salaries of St. Paul officials, which was amended so as to in crease the fire department appropriation from $205,000 to $215,000. These bills will take their regular order on general orders or the calen’dar. On the motion of Mr. T. Cole the chief clerk was instructed to draw his warrant in the sum of $183.88 to delrav the expense of the trip of the house committee to inspect the Fergus Falls asylum. The judiciary committee reported ad versely on twenty-two bills and, a ter their titles had been read, the report was adopted. The calendar was then taken up and oc cupied the entire alternoon. Among the bilis passed was the Hompe railroad bill, S. F. 699. Mr. Searle moved for a call ot the house, but Mr. Currier said there would be no opposition to the passage of the bill, which was then voted upon and passed by a vote of 90 yeas to one nay. Tuesday April. 1 SENATE. The senate spent the greater portion of the day upon the bill relating to the management of the Stillwater prison. An amendment was attached instructing the board of managers to purchase another set of binding twine machinery at once. The number of the managers was reduced from five to three. The perfected bill was passed and sent to the house. The bill relating to district courts, which passed the senate, provides that the gover nor shall, whenever in his judgment he thinks it necessary, appoint any district judge in the state to hold court outside of his district. The judiciary committee spent some time in considering the question of redistricting the state into judicial districts, but did not have time to complete a bill for that purpose. In order, however, to equal ize tne work of the district judges the bill passed was prepared. In some of the dis tricts the judges have, it is said, but little to do. while in others they are overworked. The forestry bill was indefinitely post poned by the senate. This bill provided for the distribution of printed matter giv ing directions for cultivating trees and for preserving natural forests. It carried with it an annual appropriations of about $5,000. HOUSE. H. F. 1047, the bill giving the city coun cil of St. Paul authority to grant sites to manufacturers on the West side levee, was defeated by a vote of 27 to 21, but on motion of Mr. Bell, who gave notice ot reconsidera tion, the bill was referred to the Ramsey county delegation. Mr. Hadiand’s bill, H. F. 586. to prevent towns and villages granting bonuses to railroads unless on a two-thirds vote o the resideuts, and then the bonus not to exc -eil 2 per cent of the assessea valuation of the community, was de.eated by a vote of 50 to 28. H. F. 1021, Mr. Keyes’ bill prohibiting the contract system at tbe Stillwater state pris on, which had been made a special order, was taken up and considered in committee ot the whole, Mr. Maguire ot Lac qui Parle being called to tbe chair. Mr. Keyes’ motion, to recommend the bill to pass, was'carried, there being but one dis senting voice heard. The committee then arose and reported, tbe report being ac cepted without any negative vote. On the motion of Mr. Boyd of St. Louis county H. F. 379. the Duluth & Winnipeg land grant bill, was made a special order for this afternoon at 2 o’clock. Mr. Bjorge objected, saying that the bill was nothing but a steal anyway, and that-more impor tant bills to tbe Btate required considera tion. Mr. Doyle next called up Senator Craig’s reaportiontment bill, S. F. 354. and without any discussion or opposition it was recom mended to pass. The Name America. The origin of tbe name America has re cently been discussed by tbe Geogr apical society of Berlin, Some held that it comes from a range of mountains in Central America, called bv the natives Amerigo, and that Vespucci was notealled Amerigo, •s it is not a name in the saint calendar of Italv, They asserted that he changed his name for the western world. Sig. Govi. however, has prove* that Aiberigo, in the Florentine language, is identical with Amer igo, and * letter of Vespucci, dated 1300. found recently in the archives of the dnke ot Gonzaga at Mantua, shows that he some times subscribed himself Amerigo. More over, tbe natives call the mountains Amer isque, not Anierfque, so tbafo the question may be considered settled in favor jf the personal name. THE ALLIANCE. O’Neill, Neb. Sun: The theory that capital or money employs labor is one of the vagaries of the present accepted economic philosophy that needs rele gating to the rear. Labor employs capital, and labor alone makes capital valuable. Kentucky Standard: A platform rigidly confined to the supreme issues of money and transportation reform, will command the support of all honest and wise citizens because when those reforms are made every class and con dition of people will participate impartially in the general prosperity which will be sequential to their adop tion. Alliance Leader, Bolivar, N. Y., When generations shall have passed away and others taken their places, the principles of the Alliance shall still be before the people, £is they are equality and justice between man and man in all cases whatever. Study them and consider them, they will ever be worthy of your attention and consider ation. The Alliance Sentinel, Rogers, Ark.: The Alliance does not expect to get every reform that is needed at once ( but it sets out what is required to be done, and will keep them prominently before the people, pressing forward— turning neither to the right nor to the left, but pushing for the prize at the end of the contest, good government for all the people. Rural Workman in Little Rock, Ark.: Land, transportation, and finance are the three living issues of the day. Aliens should not and must not be allowed to own our lands. Our flag should float over the domains of American citizens, not of foreign lords. The lines of transportation must sub mit to a complete and just government control, or the government must own them. Farmers’ Journal: The powers once granted to corporations have given them opportunity to dictate to political parties, and the pdrty that does not court their favor, or that draws upon itself their enmity, has but a small showing for success. It has come to the point that either the people must curtail the powers of corporations or the corporations will take all power from the people. The first essay of the Farmers’ Alli ance proves its power and the justice of its action. The very strongholds of monopoly and privilege rock before its fierce and determined assault. Legis lators have quaked in their seats be fore the issues so clearly and unmis takably presented them. Politicians are confused and at a loss how to deal with this new assailant. The very forces of our centralizing government are stunned and blended by the unex pected and massive opposition of the ••clodhoppers.” Farm View, Potterville, Cal., sayß: It is a privilege often granted by the capitalist to let the producer eat bread from the crop he has raised, and it is a privilege some men are grateful for. It is difficult to get some men to under stand that they have any rights and to discern clearly what those rights are. Until the masses do see it and exhibit a determination to defend it, the overthrow of any tyranny by which they suffer can only be of temporary duration. There are plenty of people acting automatically with the exploit ing classes who see the wrong of the present system, but they will let the exploited classes suffer so long as they suffer willingly and without resistance. * * The Progressive Farmer, Mt. Ver non, 111.: We do not wish to get in anybody’s way, hut we do want the people to read reform papers. They must do that or remain in bondage. The party papers will not, dare not, discuss reform questions. They say nothing about the financial distress of the people. They entirely ignore it. Hence they have neither cause to pre sent nor remedy to propose. They teach only what the politicians teach, and wish things to remain Just as they are. How can those who read these papers and nothing else he expected to understand the situation? They strug gle with # the hard times, and know there is something wrong, that there is something different from what it used to be, but they have no means of knowing what it is, why it is, or how it can be remedied, because their pa pers never tell them anything about it. Hence we urge the people to read reform papers; if not the P. F., then some of the other reform papers that are now being published all over the country. Arcadia, (La.) Herald: One of the demands of the Farmers'’ Alliance is that United States senators be elected by a direct vote of the people. This demand is worthy of a careful consid eration, and we know of no good rea son why it should not he granted. And there are many reasons why senators should be elected by the people. It will place them in a nearer relationship with the people and have a wholesome influence upon their official acta It will prevent millionaires from buying seats in the senate by bribing members of the legislature of Illinois. All tbe elective power in the government be longs to the people, and it should he delegated to representatives only when it is inconvenient for thV people to act for themselves. Senators could he easily elected by the people, and we see no good reason why that authority should be delegated to the members of the legislature. Let tbe people speak for themselves. We are glad to see that this plan of electing senators is becoming popular throughout the •ountry. C. ■■ *| CORPORATIONS RULE. Railroad Control Surrounds All Oar In- stltutlons. The property ot the Goulds, Van derbilts, Stanford et al, has come through operations in railroads, says the Alliance Free Lance, of Spring field, 111. In many states these cor porations have been strong enough to defeat candidates Known to be favorar ble to a plan to check their schemes to enrich themselves at the public ex pense. Under the pretense of employ ing attorneys they have succeeded in subsidizing judges and public officers. These'nominal servants of the people enjoy such splendid opportunities that they become very wealthy on moder ate salaries. Frombrakemanto presi dent the employes of railrokd systems enjoy an average compensation greater than the officials of our government or any other occupation of anywhere near equal numbers. A railway magnate, with a salary of $50,000 per year, finds leisure to accept all invitations to dine, make annual tours in Europe, and at tend every junketing party that prom ises entertainment and glory, while instead of earning dividends upon the actual value of their stock, railroad officials demand rates that enable them to declare dividends upon watered stock to the amount of two or three times the actual cost. In view of the enormous pay roll to those who are only indirectly, as well as those who are actively, employed in their inter ests, the wonder is that more receivers are notcalled for. An honest, economical conduct of the railroad business wquld reduce expenses half, and if the water were wrung out of the stock until it would represent the actual, genuine capitalization the rates could be re duced one-half, and still leave a per centage of profit greater than the aver age business will command. By rail way operations Jay Gould has amassed a fortune equal to an empire of a cen tury ago. It represents the earnings of the poor and the fortunes of asso ciates whom he has wrecked. Not satisfied with his store he, by collusion with other money kings, lately exposed the country to the pinchings of a money panic. Through the stringency of money, which they kept from circulat ing, he and his partners added millions to their gains and the management of a line of railway necessary to the con trol of western transportation. Not satisfied with the ruinous rates which makes corn, which is worth fifty cents a bushel in the east, sell for fifteen cents in Kansas, they propose to form a gigantic trust for the purpose of maintaining higher rates for transpor tation. Will they kill the goose that lays the golden egg? In a short time the debt which this line owes our gov ernment will mature. This debt is a secondary lien. Let the government foreclose its lien, discharge the prior indebtedness, pay the balance to the stockholders, if any be due, and oper ate the road as it conducts the postal service for the good of the whole peo ple. A FALSE CHARGE. The Alliance Not Seeking Class Legls. iation. There are many who imagine that the demands of the Farmers Alliance are for class legislation in their in terest, and that their interest is to take up war with all other classes. Such unreasoning persons should ask them selves what benefit to the farmers would a national telegraph system be if run at a cost as they demand. Those corporations, merchants, and manu facturers whose telegraph service runs up to the thousands every month, and not the farmer, who perhaps, does not expend on an average over 50 cents a year for such service, are the ones the Farmers Alliance are fighting for. In freights and the fares for their army of drummers it is the same. The farmer of all classes, is the most stay-at-home, and where a dollar is saved by the farmers on freights and fares, thou sands are saved by those who ignorant ly are arraying themselves against the Farmers Alliance on partisan grounds. In common with the rest of the coun try the farmers would be greatly bene fited in reduced taxation if the govern ment rates, in case of its control of these systems, were not reduced. It would not be long, however, before these anti-Alliance classes would howl for reduction, claiming that they were supporting the government, which, judging from the present net earnings of telegraph and railroad corporations, would be tie case. The demand for governmental control or ownership of railroad and telegraph systems, and running them at cost, coming, as it does, from the Farmers Alliance, stamps that organization as the moßt unselfish and progressive body ever bound together for the general welfare of the country. The Argentine money Plan. A friend inquires what is the differ ence between the Argentine Republic mortgage plan of raising money and the plan proposed by Senator Stanford. The Kansas Farmer, some time last fall, contained a full statement of the Argentine plan, but it will do no harm to restate it now briefly. It is a scheme whereby land can be mobilized, that is, used as a means for raising money for private use. A person. owning land may hypothecate it at the mortgage bank for one-half its value and receive cedulas notes, secured by mortgage on the land, and then he sells the cedulas on the market just as men sell shares of railway stock. It is in that way the money is raised. The cedulas are not money and are not intended to be used as money; they are sold for money or* they may be used in trade when parties agree. Stanford's plan Is that the govern ment shall lend money to the people, taking land security, the transaction being directly between the government and the borrower. There is no mort gage bank coming between.—Kansas Fanner. No Time for Distrust, Doubt and Petty Bickerings. The Alliance cannot afford at this late day to allow distrust and dissen sions to enter its ranks, says the Ala bama Mirror. To do so would be to lose all for which it has fought, to lose all for which it has suffered, and to lose all for which our fathers shed their blood—the right of self-govern ment. In things essential, unity is one of the cardinal principles of the order which the membership would do well to ponder. Tho crucial test is now being applied, and we must show to the enemy a bold and united front. It is too late in the day to question the right of the Alliance to require a strict account from the membership of their shortcomings in the support of the principles of the order as laid down in the declaration of purposes. They are the foundation stones upon which was built all the platforms of the order, and not to live up to them to the best of our ability after joining the order is to be derelict in duty to ourselves, our neighbors, God and country. An Al liance man in name only is the same material and make as the Arnolds of history, only awaiting the time, temptation. and opportu nity to prove himself worthy of his prototype. It is such as he who, watching the course of the fight, takes occasion to stab the leaders of the Or der by insinuations as to their motives at the critical time. It is such as he who does the dirty work of the enemy and earns the reward of infamy. It is to be expected that when the test of fitness for membership in the Order is to be applied, w T hich is to mark them for all time as fully up to the standard or cast them out as unfit, that these kind of Alliance men should struggle to put off the (to them) evil day in or der to get in as much work as possible creating distrust in the minds of the least educated membership as to the motives of the chief officers of the Or der. These men can be readily spotted by the casual perusal of those papers whose columns are filled with abuse of the leaders of the Order. He that is not for us is against us, and to purge the Order of these barnacles is a duty we owe to our own good and to pos terity. In things essential, unity. We must first learn to defend our selves against the attacks of our foes before we undertake to wage an offen sive warfare, says a writer in the National Economist. The integrity of the body politic comes first. This must be secured and maintained as a condition prerequisite. If on the other hand we could be satisfied with the thorough organization and disci pline of our forces, and a campaign waged solely for education, keeping our order free from all entangling Al liances, and leaving the individual members free to exercise their influence in the election of candidates, true, tried and standing up on the Alliance platform, our victory would be assured. We should then have the co-operation and assistance of the best men in all classes and all parties, conscientious and patriotic lawyers, merchants, manufacturers, bankers, politicians, Democrats, and Republicans would flock to our standard because upon it are inscribed those eternal and immu table principles of truth and equity. If the spoils of offices shall prove a temptation too great to be resisted, if this grand order, whose coming has been hailed with such a flourish of trumpets, is to be disorganized, de moralized and disrupted by the heart burnings, jealousies, and the passions engineered by a political conflict, end ing in overwhelming defeat, then there remains to be added but one more sad, black page to the history of this coun try. Every Farmers Alliance should keep its members alive to the interests of the order by keeping questions con stantly before the members for discus sion in which they are interested. A very good plan is to have a speech or essay at every meeting from some one of the members previously selected for the purpose. Questions in which there is a large field for thought and investi gation could be dealt with in this man ner to the instruction, improvement, edification *and enlightenment of every member of the order. Take up the Ocala demands one at a time and qualify yourselves to intelligently dis cuss them and defend the propositions set forth by the order of which you are a member. There are many ques tions that might be similarly dealt with that would be profitable. A review of the history of the Alliance. What it takes to make an Alliance man. Our relations to one another as members. Politics, what it is, and what it ought to be. The elective franchise, how it is used and abused. The relation of the citizen to the government, etc. These questions and many others might be studied with profit by each indi vidual member and an interchange of opinions in a pleasant manner is al ways advantageous. Don’t let interest lag but push on the work of education and let every member feel that it’s his or her indispensable duty to keep up he organization—Alliance Vindicator. Alliance Tribune: While the rail roads were built by private capital and individual energy, they received grants and privileges from the government which protected their interests. The fatal and unforseen powers to combine and tax the people were not guarded against. The corporation that was at first a blessing, through the greed of man was destined to become dangerous and a controlling power in our govern ment. From being the humble peti tioner for protection from our govern ment, the corporation has become the manufacturer of governments, both local and national. STAND SQUARELY. First, for Defence. Be Alive to Yonr Work. A QRABB FILTER. That Is What Distinguishes the White Nile from the Blue. The grass barriers through which. Dr. Junker passed measured from one; hundred feet to a mile and a quarter inj width, and frequently delayed him for hours on stretches that he might other wise have put behind him in a few minutes. Dr. Juifker directs atten tion to the fact, however, that even grass barriers are not an unmixed evil since at high water their thick ly matted substance serves the pur pose of a filter in clarifying the stream. So it happens that the White Nile is “the clear,” while the Blue Nile, in which the conditions are un favorable to the formation of grass bar riers, is “the dirty.” The grass is swept into the stream at high water from the swamps and stagnant ponds along the banks. The grass grows together in great masses which once floated into the stream, be come welded by nets of innumerable roots and smaller water plants till a barrier forms across the channel. The force of the current increases the com pactness of the barrier thus formed and brings it new material from above. The barriers differ greatly as to com pactness; through some the Ismailia cut her way slowly, merely with her prow. Others were tramped down, cut and loosened before her by the na tives. Others, “like felt,” as Dr. Junker says, were firm against such simple devices. Wire cables were made fast to each of these massive bar riers near its edge, and at the same time to the prow of the Ismailia. The steamship then backed water with all her power and thus tore loose and set adrift down stream great chunks of the barrier. To thus clear a river of a large barrier is a huge undei’taking. Ernst Marno, for instance, with four steamships and several hundred men, was busy from Sept., 1879, till April, 1880, clearing his way in the Bahr el Gebel. The' piercing of a barrier by a steamship bound down stream is fre quently exceedingly perilous, as the loosened masses of matted grass, in stead of floating off behind the boat, are often driven back against her stern till she becomes as firmly imbedded in the grass as she would be in an ice field. Unclaimed and Forgotten Depomltn. The following extract from an ad vertisement issued in 1881, by order of the Court of Chancery, Ireland, with a view to discover the real owners of the following valuables deposited in a bank in Dublin, gives a fair idea of the valuable nature of unclaimed bank de posits: No. 1. Box containing a number of silver articles, coins, medals and seals and having on it a crest and the name ‘E. S. Cooper.’ No. 2. Box contain ing a number of silver articles, of which several are crested with a coat of-arms, supposed to be those of Vis count Netterville. No. 3. Box con taining 39 articles of plate, some of them bearing a coronet. No. 4. Box containing diamonds and articles of jewelrv, lodged by Dr. Andrew Blake and George Jennings on Dec. 22, 1795.” Sometimes it happens that deposits are made, and, strange as it may ap pear, totally forgotten by the owners. A remarkable case of this description came before the late vice-chancellor Maline, in which it appeared that a lady died at Marseilles at the great age of 98, who, although entitled to £56,- 000 in the Funds, and to more than £20,000 accumulated dividends, was constantly borrowing money from her relatives, from which it may be inferred that this large deposit had escaped the lady’s memory. A Slight Evasion. “You admit the profession free, don’t you?” asked the grizzled old fellow at the door. ‘ ‘The profession ? What profession ? The theatrical profession? Why, of course. Are you on the stage?” “Yes, sir. I have been on the stage for three years or more. ” 4 ‘All right, go on in. ” He went in and enjoyed the per formance. On the road out he was stopped by the door-keeper again. “You say you are an actor?” “No, I didn’t say that.” “Why, yes you did. You said you had been on the stage for three years.” “Yes, I said I had been on the srage, but I didn't say I was an actor. I drive the Leadville stage every morning.”—Light. Wouldn’t Ben Franklin Stare! Globular lightning can be produced with so-called statical electricity, ob tained from an influence machine. Two thin brass wire points form the poles of a powerful machine being held at a certain distance from the opposite sides of an insulated plate of mica, ebonite, glass or the like, there appear small red luminous halls, which move about, now quickly, now slowly, and are sometimes still. Even better effects were had with a glass or paper disk which had been sprayed with paraffine. Small quantities of liquid or dust seem to be the carriers of the light. A slight air current makes the spherules disappear with hissing noise. Much Married. There is no sympathy so deep and sincere as that which arises from ex perience. At a wedding in Arcadia, Fla., the other day, the bride was mar ried to her ninth husband, and four of her former husbands were present at the ceremony to sympathise with the ninth victim. No Denying It. If the hotel corridors were supplied with phonographs what interesting gossip could be served up for the edifi cation of Mrs. Grundy? And it would all be true and there could be no deny ing it—Brooklyn Citizen. '