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The great West. [volume] (St. Paul, Minn.) 1889-18??, April 17, 1891, Image 6

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Condensed Proceedings of Both
Branches of the Minnesota Leg
What is Being Attempted in the Way
of Legislation by Our Law
: i *
Wednesday, April. 8.
During the morning session the senate
adopted resolutions appropriating $589.30
for the expenses of the state prison investi
gation and giving the doorkeepers full pay
at $5 per day from the beginning of the
session. They were appointed-at $3. The
resolution passed by a vote of 33 to 8. Re
peated attempts have been made to get
through the senate a resolution providing
for a second edition of the manual, but
heretofore they have tailed. Yesterday
morning Senator Davis renewed the war
and finally his resolution was adopted.
The Hennepin senators had a little alter
cation over the house bill putting several
county officers on a salary instead ot the
present lee system. This was an issue in
the last campaign, and the Democrats
sought to evade direct conflict with their
own platlorin by passing the bill, but mak
ing it take effect Jan. 1, 1893, at the close of
the terms of the present Democratic of
cials. Senator Morse and John Day Smith
objected to Senator March’s recommen ’.a
tion that the bill pass and it went back to
the delegation.
'A-couple of bills were introduced at the
close of the calendar and then adjournment
was taken until this morning.
The house had its first tilt yesterday over
the senate measure known as the Davis in
terest bill. The bill was reported back by
the committee on banks and banking.
There were two reports upon it, one signed
by Messrs. Capser (the chairman of the
committee), Dearing, M. Walsh and Lloyd,
recommending that the bill be indefinitely
postponed, and the other report simply re
turning the bill to the house without rec
ommendation being signed by Messrs. Ly
man, Haller, Gilmore and Carlton.
The minority report of the committee on
state university and agricultural college was
presented. It is signed by Messrs. Greer,
Coburn. Starks, Coates and Zelch, and re
ports adversely on the proposition to sep
arate the college from the university.
On the request of the governor Mr. Har
wick was given leave to introduce a bill
authorizing the board of surer visors of
Sherburne county to appropriate money
for building a town hall. The bill was
passed under a suspension of the rules.
Two bills occupied the attention of the
state senate during the greater part of the
morning session yesterday. The first was
Senator McHale’s anti-tights bill, which
was passed by the rousing majority of 37
to 12.
During the committee reports of the
morning the bill fixing the salaries of the
city officials of St. Paul was reported back
and passed under suspension of the rules.
The alternoon was "spent on general or
ders with Senator Mayo in the chair. „
Senator Sevatson made astrqng argument
for his bill fixing the liability of common
carriers and providing that railroads must
lurnish cars for shipment of grain, shall
weigh and receipt for the same and be re
sponsible for the delivery of lull weight
(less a slight percentage lor natural waste),
and providing penalties lor enforcement.
Mr. Tawney thought the bill was not
.practical and Senator Crandall agreed with
him, but Mr. Sevatson carried his point,
and the bill Was recommended lor passage.
The committee on leapportionmentmade
a report unanimously recommending Sen
ator Graig’s bill providing lor the division
of the state into seven congressional dis
trict*, to pass.
The committee on banks and banking re
ported to indefinitely postpone two bills
relating to usury and Interest.
Mr. Feig asked to have his bill, H. F.
1086, relating to the adulteration of coffee
and honey, recalled from the judiciary com
mittee and placed on general orders, claim
ing that his bill was being withheld by the
The railroad committee reported back
the anti-scalpers’ bill without recommenda
Senator McHale’s anti-tights bill reached
the house during the afternoon, and after
being read Mr. Wilson moved that it be re
ferred to the committee on printing.
The calendar was then taken up, and, there
being forty bills thereon, it occupied the re
maining part of the aiternoon session. The
most important of the bills passed was Mr.
Tripp’s bill, H. F. 141, to prevent crimes
against the elective franchise. The bill had
been pretty well discussed and amended
and it passed with but little discussion
Mr. Long’s bill, H. F. 688, to establish the
hours on public works by making eight
hours constitute a day’s labor, was passed.
The afternoon was devoted to general or
ders, with Senator McHale in the chair, and
the bill repealing the law taxing mining
products and exempting mining lands was
the chief attraction on the boards. Senator
Tawney spoke first, and made an admirable
summary of the workings of the present
law and the whole mining situation.
Senator Davis considered Mr. Leavitt’s
bill as an effort to break down the mining
interests of the state.
At last the committee voted to indefinite
ly postpone by a vote of 24 to 18. Then the
committee arose and Senator Leavitt moved
to amend the report by recommending the
bill to pass. Senator Donnelly tried to get
in an amendment changing the present law
by raising the tax on raining products lroiu
1 to 5 per cent, but lost it by a vote of 20
yeas to 24 nays.
Senator Leavitt’s motion to amend by
recommending to pass was then carried by
• vote of 24 yeas to 22 nays cast
A portion of an hour eras consumed in
discussing a resolution -offered by Mr.
Starks providing that bills introduced at
the request of the governor take the regular
course and be not passed under suspension
or the rules in future. There was a substi
tute for the resolution and an amendment,
both recommending a method of dealing
with local bills, but after a sharp lecture
from Mr. Diment, who told the house that
the only way to expedite business was to
quit arguing and go ahead, the whole mat
ter was laid over.
Mr. Waoek offered a resolution calling
for the appointment of a committee of
three to investigate as to whether or not the
services ot several of the clerks of standing
committees can be dispensed with. The
resolution was adopted.
Another bill killed was H. F. 667. Mr.
Wahlund’s bill to provide for a census of
children of school age. It was defeated by
s vote of 38 to 36, and Mr. Boyd gave no
tice to reconsider.
Mr. Lomen’a bill relating to town plats,
•s amended by the judiciary committee,
waa also defeated by a vote of 38 to 46.
In committee of the whole Senator Lea
vitt's bill to repeal the mining tax law with
several amendments tacked to it was rec
ommended to pass.
At the opening of the session Senator
Donnelly occupied twenty minutes of valu-
Thursday, April, 9.
Frlday April. 10.
Saturday, April 1 1.
able time in pushing a resolution intended,
as he said, to facilitate business. It sus
pended certain rules. But the sage could
not persuade the senate that his plan was a
good one and came out second best.
About two hours of the afternoon session
were consumed in committee reports and
first and second reading of bills. A large
number of local bills were passed, among
them Senator Stevens’ bill putting the Ram
sey county abstract office on a fee basis and
providing that it shall be regularly inspect
ed by the county attorney.
There was a long debate over H. F. 573,
Mr. Searle’s bill to regulate the convict la
bor at the state reformatory at St. Cloud.
The bill is lor the purpose of relieving the
quarry industries of that -ection and the
stone cutters from being injured by compe
tition with convict labor. Mr. Searle spoke
in favor of his bill, and declared it was to
meet the wants and wishes of his constitu
ents. Messrs. Capser, Linnemann and Coates,
from the same county (Stearns), also favored
the passage of the"bill, and Mr. Searle
moved that it be recommended to pass.
Mr. Currier moved to increase the num
ber of convicts allowed to be employed in
stone cutting to 40 per cent.
After considerable discussion Mr. Diment
offered a substitute as a compromise mak
ing the number 33 per cent.
Mr. Keyes thought it no matter how few
or how many convicts were employed on
any class of work, they would always be in
competition with some interest.
On a division, Mr. Diment’s substitute
was adopted, and the bill was so amended.
Monday, April 13.
Senato r Lienan introduced a resolution
allowing Edward Newell, tile clerk, $3 per
day for the first eight days of the session.
An amendment offered by Senator Sanborn
including G. N. Biaisdell, chief file clerk,
was adopted, and the resolution was
Senator Lommen’s resolution providing
that the rules of debate in the senate shot d
prevail ini committee of the whole was
called up by its author, and was promptly
killed bv the senate.
Senator Daugherty moved to reconsider
the vote by which Senator Donnelly’s reso
lution to allow each senator to seiect one
bill from general orders, which bills were
to take precedence, was defeated, The mo
tion to reconsider was adopted by a vote of
28 to 15, and then the resolution was voted
down, receiving 28 votes out of the neces
sary 30 to adopt.
The senate bill reducing the board of pub
lic works of St. Paul from lour members to
three was returned by the house with an
amendment which restored the number to
four lor one year, after that the board to
consist of three members. On motion of
Senator Lienau the senate reiused to con
cur in the house amendment, and the bill
was sent back to the house.
Two or three Ramsey county bills were
reported back by Mr. Walsh, the secretary of
the delegation, among them being H. F. 863,
the bill regulating the salaries of St. Paul
officials, which was amended so as to in
crease the fire department appropriation
from $205,000 to $215,000. These bills will
take their regular order on general orders
or the calen’dar.
On the motion of Mr. T. Cole the chief
clerk was instructed to draw his warrant in
the sum of $183.88 to delrav the expense of
the trip of the house committee to inspect
the Fergus Falls asylum.
The judiciary committee reported ad
versely on twenty-two bills and, a ter their
titles had been read, the report was adopted.
The calendar was then taken up and oc
cupied the entire alternoon. Among the
bilis passed was the Hompe railroad bill, S.
F. 699. Mr. Searle moved for a call ot the
house, but Mr. Currier said there would be
no opposition to the passage of the bill,
which was then voted upon and passed by
a vote of 90 yeas to one nay.
Tuesday April. 1
The senate spent the greater
portion of the day upon the bill relating to
the management of the Stillwater prison.
An amendment was attached instructing
the board of managers to purchase another
set of binding twine machinery at once.
The number of the managers was reduced
from five to three. The perfected bill was
passed and sent to the house.
The bill relating to district courts, which
passed the senate, provides that the gover
nor shall, whenever in his judgment he
thinks it necessary, appoint any district
judge in the state to hold court outside of
his district. The judiciary committee spent
some time in considering the question of
redistricting the state into judicial districts,
but did not have time to complete a bill for
that purpose. In order, however, to equal
ize tne work of the district judges the bill
passed was prepared. In some of the dis
tricts the judges have, it is said, but little to
do. while in others they are overworked.
The forestry bill was indefinitely post
poned by the senate. This bill provided
for the distribution of printed matter giv
ing directions for cultivating trees and for
preserving natural forests. It carried with
it an annual appropriations of about $5,000.
H. F. 1047, the bill giving the city coun
cil of St. Paul authority to grant sites to
manufacturers on the West side levee, was
defeated by a vote of 27 to 21, but on motion
of Mr. Bell, who gave notice ot reconsidera
tion, the bill was referred to the Ramsey
county delegation.
Mr. Hadiand’s bill, H. F. 586. to prevent
towns and villages granting bonuses to
railroads unless on a two-thirds vote o the
resideuts, and then the bonus not to exc -eil
2 per cent of the assessea valuation of the
community, was de.eated by a vote of 50 to
H. F. 1021, Mr. Keyes’ bill prohibiting the
contract system at tbe Stillwater state pris
on, which had been made a special order,
was taken up and considered in committee
ot the whole, Mr. Maguire ot Lac qui Parle
being called to tbe chair.
Mr. Keyes’ motion, to recommend the bill
to pass, was'carried, there being but one dis
senting voice heard. The committee then
arose and reported, tbe report being ac
cepted without any negative vote.
On the motion of Mr. Boyd of St. Louis
county H. F. 379. the Duluth & Winnipeg
land grant bill, was made a special order
for this afternoon at 2 o’clock. Mr. Bjorge
objected, saying that the bill was nothing
but a steal anyway, and that-more impor
tant bills to tbe Btate required considera
Mr. Doyle next called up Senator Craig’s
reaportiontment bill, S. F. 354. and without
any discussion or opposition it was recom
mended to pass.
The Name America.
The origin of tbe name America has re
cently been discussed by tbe Geogr apical
society of Berlin, Some held that it comes
from a range of mountains in Central
America, called bv the natives Amerigo,
and that Vespucci was notealled Amerigo,
•s it is not a name in the saint calendar of
Italv, They asserted that he changed his
name for the western world. Sig. Govi.
however, has prove* that Aiberigo, in the
Florentine language, is identical with Amer
igo, and * letter of Vespucci, dated 1300.
found recently in the archives of the dnke
ot Gonzaga at Mantua, shows that he some
times subscribed himself Amerigo. More
over, tbe natives call the mountains Amer
isque, not Anierfque, so tbafo the question
may be considered settled in favor jf the
personal name.
O’Neill, Neb. Sun: The theory that
capital or money employs labor is one
of the vagaries of the present accepted
economic philosophy that needs rele
gating to the rear. Labor employs
capital, and labor alone makes capital
Kentucky Standard: A platform
rigidly confined to the supreme issues
of money and transportation reform,
will command the support of all honest
and wise citizens because when those
reforms are made every class and con
dition of people will participate
impartially in the general prosperity
which will be sequential to their adop
Alliance Leader, Bolivar, N. Y.,
When generations shall have passed
away and others taken their places, the
principles of the Alliance shall still be
before the people, £is they are equality
and justice between man and man in
all cases whatever. Study them and
consider them, they will ever be
worthy of your attention and consider
The Alliance Sentinel, Rogers, Ark.:
The Alliance does not expect to get
every reform that is needed at once (
but it sets out what is required to be
done, and will keep them prominently
before the people, pressing forward—
turning neither to the right nor to the
left, but pushing for the prize at the
end of the contest, good government
for all the people.
Rural Workman in Little Rock,
Ark.: Land, transportation, and
finance are the three living issues of
the day. Aliens should not and must
not be allowed to own our lands. Our
flag should float over the domains of
American citizens, not of foreign lords.
The lines of transportation must sub
mit to a complete and just government
control, or the government must own
Farmers’ Journal: The powers
once granted to corporations have
given them opportunity to dictate to
political parties, and the pdrty that
does not court their favor, or that
draws upon itself their enmity, has
but a small showing for success.
It has come to the point that either
the people must curtail the powers of
corporations or the corporations will
take all power from the people.
The first essay of the Farmers’ Alli
ance proves its power and the justice
of its action. The very strongholds of
monopoly and privilege rock before its
fierce and determined assault. Legis
lators have quaked in their seats be
fore the issues so clearly and unmis
takably presented them. Politicians
are confused and at a loss how to deal
with this new assailant. The very
forces of our centralizing government
are stunned and blended by the unex
pected and massive opposition of the
Farm View, Potterville, Cal., sayß:
It is a privilege often granted by the
capitalist to let the producer eat bread
from the crop he has raised, and it is a
privilege some men are grateful for.
It is difficult to get some men to under
stand that they have any rights and
to discern clearly what those rights
are. Until the masses do see it and
exhibit a determination to defend it,
the overthrow of any tyranny by which
they suffer can only be of temporary
duration. There are plenty of people
acting automatically with the exploit
ing classes who see the wrong of the
present system, but they will let the
exploited classes suffer so long as they
suffer willingly and without resistance.
* *
The Progressive Farmer, Mt. Ver
non, 111.: We do not wish to get in
anybody’s way, hut we do want the
people to read reform papers. They
must do that or remain in bondage.
The party papers will not, dare not,
discuss reform questions. They say
nothing about the financial distress of
the people. They entirely ignore it.
Hence they have neither cause to pre
sent nor remedy to propose. They
teach only what the politicians teach,
and wish things to remain Just as they
are. How can those who read these
papers and nothing else he expected to
understand the situation? They strug
gle with # the hard times, and know
there is something wrong, that there
is something different from what it
used to be, but they have no means of
knowing what it is, why it is, or how
it can be remedied, because their pa
pers never tell them anything about
it. Hence we urge the people to read
reform papers; if not the P. F., then
some of the other reform papers that
are now being published all over the
Arcadia, (La.) Herald: One of the
demands of the Farmers'’ Alliance is
that United States senators be elected
by a direct vote of the people. This
demand is worthy of a careful consid
eration, and we know of no good rea
son why it should not he granted. And
there are many reasons why senators
should be elected by the people. It
will place them in a nearer relationship
with the people and have a wholesome
influence upon their official acta It
will prevent millionaires from buying
seats in the senate by bribing members
of the legislature of Illinois. All tbe
elective power in the government be
longs to the people, and it should he
delegated to representatives only when
it is inconvenient for thV people to act
for themselves. Senators could he
easily elected by the people, and we
see no good reason why that authority
should be delegated to the members of
the legislature. Let tbe people speak
for themselves. We are glad to see
that this plan of electing senators is
becoming popular throughout the
C. ■■ *|
Railroad Control Surrounds All Oar In-
The property ot the Goulds, Van
derbilts, Stanford et al, has come
through operations in railroads, says
the Alliance Free Lance, of Spring
field, 111. In many states these cor
porations have been strong enough to
defeat candidates Known to be favorar
ble to a plan to check their schemes
to enrich themselves at the public ex
pense. Under the pretense of employ
ing attorneys they have succeeded in
subsidizing judges and public officers.
These'nominal servants of the people
enjoy such splendid opportunities that
they become very wealthy on moder
ate salaries. Frombrakemanto presi
dent the employes of railrokd systems
enjoy an average compensation greater
than the officials of our government or
any other occupation of anywhere near
equal numbers. A railway magnate,
with a salary of $50,000 per year, finds
leisure to accept all invitations to dine,
make annual tours in Europe, and at
tend every junketing party that prom
ises entertainment and glory, while
instead of earning dividends upon the
actual value of their stock, railroad
officials demand rates that enable them
to declare dividends upon watered
stock to the amount of two or three
times the actual cost. In view of the
enormous pay roll to those who are
only indirectly, as well as those who
are actively, employed in their inter
ests, the wonder is that more receivers
are notcalled for. An honest, economical
conduct of the railroad business wquld
reduce expenses half, and if the water
were wrung out of the stock until it
would represent the actual, genuine
capitalization the rates could be re
duced one-half, and still leave a per
centage of profit greater than the aver
age business will command. By rail
way operations Jay Gould has amassed
a fortune equal to an empire of a cen
tury ago. It represents the earnings
of the poor and the fortunes of asso
ciates whom he has wrecked. Not
satisfied with his store he, by collusion
with other money kings, lately exposed
the country to the pinchings of a money
panic. Through the stringency of
money, which they kept from circulat
ing, he and his partners added millions
to their gains and the management of
a line of railway necessary to the con
trol of western transportation. Not
satisfied with the ruinous rates which
makes corn, which is worth fifty cents
a bushel in the east, sell for fifteen
cents in Kansas, they propose to form
a gigantic trust for the purpose of
maintaining higher rates for transpor
tation. Will they kill the goose that
lays the golden egg? In a short time
the debt which this line owes our gov
ernment will mature. This debt is a
secondary lien. Let the government
foreclose its lien, discharge the prior
indebtedness, pay the balance to the
stockholders, if any be due, and oper
ate the road as it conducts the postal
service for the good of the whole peo
The Alliance Not Seeking Class Legls.
There are many who imagine that
the demands of the Farmers Alliance
are for class legislation in their in
terest, and that their interest is to take
up war with all other classes. Such
unreasoning persons should ask them
selves what benefit to the farmers
would a national telegraph system be
if run at a cost as they demand. Those
corporations, merchants, and manu
facturers whose telegraph service runs
up to the thousands every month, and
not the farmer, who perhaps, does not
expend on an average over 50 cents a
year for such service, are the ones the
Farmers Alliance are fighting for. In
freights and the fares for their army of
drummers it is the same. The farmer
of all classes, is the most stay-at-home,
and where a dollar is saved by the
farmers on freights and fares, thou
sands are saved by those who ignorant
ly are arraying themselves against the
Farmers Alliance on partisan grounds.
In common with the rest of the coun
try the farmers would be greatly bene
fited in reduced taxation if the govern
ment rates, in case of its control of
these systems, were not reduced. It
would not be long, however, before
these anti-Alliance classes would howl
for reduction, claiming that they were
supporting the government, which,
judging from the present net earnings
of telegraph and railroad corporations,
would be tie case. The demand for
governmental control or ownership of
railroad and telegraph systems, and
running them at cost, coming, as it
does, from the Farmers Alliance,
stamps that organization as the moßt
unselfish and progressive body ever
bound together for the general welfare
of the country.
The Argentine money Plan.
A friend inquires what is the differ
ence between the Argentine Republic
mortgage plan of raising money and
the plan proposed by Senator Stanford.
The Kansas Farmer, some time last
fall, contained a full statement of the
Argentine plan, but it will do no harm
to restate it now briefly. It is a scheme
whereby land can be mobilized, that is,
used as a means for raising money for
private use. A person. owning land
may hypothecate it at the mortgage
bank for one-half its value and receive
cedulas notes, secured by mortgage on
the land, and then he sells the cedulas
on the market just as men sell shares
of railway stock. It is in that way the
money is raised. The cedulas are not
money and are not intended to be used
as money; they are sold for money or*
they may be used in trade when parties
Stanford's plan Is that the govern
ment shall lend money to the people,
taking land security, the transaction
being directly between the government
and the borrower. There is no mort
gage bank coming between.—Kansas
No Time for Distrust, Doubt and Petty
The Alliance cannot afford at this
late day to allow distrust and dissen
sions to enter its ranks, says the Ala
bama Mirror. To do so would be to
lose all for which it has fought, to lose
all for which it has suffered, and to
lose all for which our fathers shed
their blood—the right of self-govern
ment. In things essential, unity is one
of the cardinal principles of the order
which the membership would do well
to ponder. Tho crucial test is now
being applied, and we must show to
the enemy a bold and united front. It
is too late in the day to question the
right of the Alliance to require a strict
account from the membership of their
shortcomings in the support of the
principles of the order as laid down in
the declaration of purposes. They are
the foundation stones upon which was
built all the platforms of the order, and
not to live up to them to the best of
our ability after joining the order is to
be derelict in duty to ourselves, our
neighbors, God and country. An Al
liance man in name only is the same
material and make as the Arnolds
of history, only awaiting the
time, temptation. and opportu
nity to prove himself worthy of
his prototype. It is such as he who,
watching the course of the fight, takes
occasion to stab the leaders of the Or
der by insinuations as to their motives
at the critical time. It is such as he
who does the dirty work of the enemy
and earns the reward of infamy. It is
to be expected that when the test of
fitness for membership in the Order is
to be applied, w T hich is to mark them
for all time as fully up to the standard
or cast them out as unfit, that these
kind of Alliance men should struggle
to put off the (to them) evil day in or
der to get in as much work as possible
creating distrust in the minds of the
least educated membership as to the
motives of the chief officers of the Or
der. These men can be readily spotted
by the casual perusal of those papers
whose columns are filled with abuse of
the leaders of the Order. He that is
not for us is against us, and to purge
the Order of these barnacles is a duty
we owe to our own good and to pos
terity. In things essential, unity.
We must first learn to defend our
selves against the attacks of our foes
before we undertake to wage an offen
sive warfare, says a writer in the
National Economist. The integrity of
the body politic comes first. This
must be secured and maintained as a
condition prerequisite. If on the
other hand we could be satisfied with
the thorough organization and disci
pline of our forces, and a campaign
waged solely for education, keeping
our order free from all entangling Al
liances, and leaving the individual
members free to exercise their influence
in the election of candidates, true,
tried and standing up on the Alliance
platform, our victory would be assured.
We should then have the co-operation
and assistance of the best men in all
classes and all parties, conscientious
and patriotic lawyers, merchants,
manufacturers, bankers, politicians,
Democrats, and Republicans would
flock to our standard because upon it
are inscribed those eternal and immu
table principles of truth and equity.
If the spoils of offices shall prove a
temptation too great to be resisted, if
this grand order, whose coming has
been hailed with such a flourish of
trumpets, is to be disorganized, de
moralized and disrupted by the heart
burnings, jealousies, and the passions
engineered by a political conflict, end
ing in overwhelming defeat, then there
remains to be added but one more sad,
black page to the history of this coun
Every Farmers Alliance should keep
its members alive to the interests of
the order by keeping questions con
stantly before the members for discus
sion in which they are interested. A
very good plan is to have a speech or
essay at every meeting from some one
of the members previously selected for
the purpose. Questions in which there
is a large field for thought and investi
gation could be dealt with in this man
ner to the instruction, improvement,
edification *and enlightenment of every
member of the order. Take up the
Ocala demands one at a time and
qualify yourselves to intelligently dis
cuss them and defend the propositions
set forth by the order of which you
are a member. There are many ques
tions that might be similarly dealt with
that would be profitable. A review of
the history of the Alliance. What it
takes to make an Alliance man. Our
relations to one another as members.
Politics, what it is, and what it ought
to be. The elective franchise, how it
is used and abused. The relation of
the citizen to the government, etc.
These questions and many others might
be studied with profit by each indi
vidual member and an interchange of
opinions in a pleasant manner is al
ways advantageous. Don’t let interest
lag but push on the work of education
and let every member feel that it’s his
or her indispensable duty to keep up
he organization—Alliance Vindicator.
Alliance Tribune: While the rail
roads were built by private capital and
individual energy, they received grants
and privileges from the government
which protected their interests. The
fatal and unforseen powers to combine
and tax the people were not guarded
against. The corporation that was at
first a blessing, through the greed of
man was destined to become dangerous
and a controlling power in our govern
ment. From being the humble peti
tioner for protection from our govern
ment, the corporation has become the
manufacturer of governments, both
local and national.
First, for Defence.
Be Alive to Yonr Work.
That Is What Distinguishes the White
Nile from the Blue.
The grass barriers through which.
Dr. Junker passed measured from one;
hundred feet to a mile and a quarter inj
width, and frequently delayed him for
hours on stretches that he might other
wise have put behind him in a few
minutes. Dr. Juifker directs atten
tion to the fact, however, that even
grass barriers are not an unmixed
evil since at high water their thick
ly matted substance serves the pur
pose of a filter in clarifying the
stream. So it happens that the White
Nile is “the clear,” while the Blue
Nile, in which the conditions are un
favorable to the formation of grass bar
riers, is “the dirty.”
The grass is swept into the stream
at high water from the swamps and
stagnant ponds along the banks. The
grass grows together in great masses
which once floated into the stream, be
come welded by nets of innumerable
roots and smaller water plants till a
barrier forms across the channel. The
force of the current increases the com
pactness of the barrier thus formed and
brings it new material from above.
The barriers differ greatly as to com
pactness; through some the Ismailia
cut her way slowly, merely with her
prow. Others were tramped down,
cut and loosened before her by the na
tives. Others, “like felt,” as Dr.
Junker says, were firm against such
simple devices. Wire cables were
made fast to each of these massive bar
riers near its edge, and at the same
time to the prow of the Ismailia. The
steamship then backed water with all
her power and thus tore loose and set
adrift down stream great chunks of
the barrier. To thus clear a river of
a large barrier is a huge undei’taking.
Ernst Marno, for instance, with four
steamships and several hundred men,
was busy from Sept., 1879, till April,
1880, clearing his way in the Bahr el
Gebel. The' piercing of a barrier by
a steamship bound down stream is fre
quently exceedingly perilous, as the
loosened masses of matted grass, in
stead of floating off behind the boat,
are often driven back against her stern
till she becomes as firmly imbedded in
the grass as she would be in an ice
Unclaimed and Forgotten Depomltn.
The following extract from an ad
vertisement issued in 1881, by order of
the Court of Chancery, Ireland, with a
view to discover the real owners of the
following valuables deposited in a bank
in Dublin, gives a fair idea of the
valuable nature of unclaimed bank de
No. 1. Box containing a number of
silver articles, coins, medals and seals
and having on it a crest and the name
‘E. S. Cooper.’ No. 2. Box contain
ing a number of silver articles, of
which several are crested with a coat
of-arms, supposed to be those of Vis
count Netterville. No. 3. Box con
taining 39 articles of plate, some of
them bearing a coronet. No. 4. Box
containing diamonds and articles of
jewelrv, lodged by Dr. Andrew Blake
and George Jennings on Dec. 22,
Sometimes it happens that deposits
are made, and, strange as it may ap
pear, totally forgotten by the owners.
A remarkable case of this description
came before the late vice-chancellor
Maline, in which it appeared that a
lady died at Marseilles at the great age
of 98, who, although entitled to £56,-
000 in the Funds, and to more than
£20,000 accumulated dividends, was
constantly borrowing money from her
relatives, from which it may be inferred
that this large deposit had escaped the
lady’s memory.
A Slight Evasion.
“You admit the profession free,
don’t you?” asked the grizzled old
fellow at the door.
‘ ‘The profession ? What profession ?
The theatrical profession? Why, of
course. Are you on the stage?”
“Yes, sir. I have been on the stage
for three years or more. ”
4 ‘All right, go on in. ”
He went in and enjoyed the per
formance. On the road out he was
stopped by the door-keeper again.
“You say you are an actor?”
“No, I didn’t say that.”
“Why, yes you did. You said you
had been on the stage for three years.”
“Yes, I said I had been on the
srage, but I didn't say I was an actor.
I drive the Leadville stage every
Wouldn’t Ben Franklin Stare!
Globular lightning can be produced
with so-called statical electricity, ob
tained from an influence machine.
Two thin brass wire points form the
poles of a powerful machine being held
at a certain distance from the opposite
sides of an insulated plate of mica,
ebonite, glass or the like, there appear
small red luminous halls, which move
about, now quickly, now slowly, and
are sometimes still. Even better
effects were had with a glass or paper
disk which had been sprayed with
paraffine. Small quantities of liquid
or dust seem to be the carriers of the
light. A slight air current makes the
spherules disappear with hissing noise.
Much Married.
There is no sympathy so deep and
sincere as that which arises from ex
perience. At a wedding in Arcadia,
Fla., the other day, the bride was mar
ried to her ninth husband, and four of
her former husbands were present at
the ceremony to sympathise with the
ninth victim.
No Denying It.
If the hotel corridors were supplied
with phonographs what interesting
gossip could be served up for the edifi
cation of Mrs. Grundy? And it would
all be true and there could be no deny
ing it—Brooklyn Citizen. '

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