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OF INDEPENDENCE Adopted at the Omaha Con erence of Laboring People Assembled upon the one hundred and sixteenth anniversary of the de claration of independence, the peoples party of America, in their first na tional convention, invoking upon their action the blessing of almighty God, puts forth in the name and on behalf of the people of this country, the following preamble and declaration of principles: The conditions which surround us beet justify our co-operation. We meet in the midst of a nation brought to the verge of moral, political and material ruin. Corruption dominates the ballot box, the legislatures, the congress, and touches even the ermine of the bench. The people are demoralized. Most of the states have been compelled to isolate the voters at the polling places to prevent universal intimidation or bribery. The newspapers are largely 'Subsidized or muzzled, public opinion silenced, business prostrated, our homes covered with mortgages, labor impoverished, and the land concen trating in the hands of the capitalists. The urban workmen are denied the right of organization for self protection; imported pauperized labor beats down their wages; a hireling standing armv, unrecognized by our laws, is established to shoot them down, and they are rapidlv degenerating into European conditions. The fruits of the toil of millions are boldly stolen to build up collosal fortunes for a few, unprecedented in the history of man kind, and the possessors of these, in turn, despise the republic and endanger liberty. From the same prolific womb of governmental injustice we breed the two great classes—tramps and millionaires. The national power to create money is appropriated to enrich bondhold ers. A vast public debt payable in legal tender currency has been funded into gold-bearing bonds, thereby adding millions to the burdens of the peo ple. Silver, which has been accepted as coin since the dawn of history, has been demonetized to add to the purchasing power of gold by decreasing the value of all forms of property, as well as human labor, and the supply of currency is purposely abridged to fatten usurers, bankrupt enterprise and enslave industry. A vast conspiracy against mankind has been or- Sanized on two continents and is rapidly taking: possession of the world. not met and overthrown at once it forebodes terrible social convulsions, the destruction of civilization, or the establishment of an absolute despot ism. We have witnessed for more than a century the struggles of the two Keat political parties for power and plunder, while grevious wrongs have en inflicted upon the suffering people. We charge that the controlling Influences dominating both these parties have permitted the existing dread ful conditions to develop without serious effort to prevent or restrain them. Neither do they now promise us any substantial reform. They have agreed together to ignore in the coming campaign every issue but one. They pro pose to drown the outcries of plundered people with the uproar of a sham battle over the tariff, so that capitalists, corporations, national banks, ffings, trusts, watered stock, the demonetization of silver, and the oppres sions of the usurers may all be lost sight of. They propose to sacrifice our homes, lives and children on the altar of Mammon; to destroy the multi tude in order to secure corruption funds from the millionaires. Assembled on the anniversary of the birthday of the nation, and filled with the spirit of the grand generation who established our independence, we seek to restore the government of the republic to the hands of “the plain people” with which class it originated. We assert our purposes to be identical with the purposes of the nation al constitution—“To form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the gener al welfare and secure the blessings of liberty for ourselves and our posteri ty ” We declare that this republic can only endure as a free government while built upon the love of the whole people for each other and for the na tion; that it cannot be pinned together by bayonets; that the civil war is over, and that every passion and resentment which grew out of it must die w 'ta ic and that we must be in fact, as we are in name, one united brother hood of freemen. Our country finds itself confronted by conditions for which there is no precedent in the history of the world —our annual agricultural productions amount to billions of dollars in value, which must within a few weeks or months be exchanged for billions of dollars of commodities consumed in their productiou; the existing currency supply is wholly inadequate to make this exchange; the results are falling prices, the formation of combines and rings and the impoverishment of the producing class. We pledge ourselves that if given power we will labor to coi rect these evils by wise and reasonable legislation in accordance with the terms of our platform. We believe that the powers of government—in other words, of the peo pie—should be expanded (as in the case of the postal service) as rapidly and as far as the good sense of an intelligent people and the teachings of experience shall justify, to the end that oppression, injustice and poverty shall eventually cease in the land. While oar sympathies as a party of reform are naturally upon the side of every proposition which will tend to make men intelligent, virtuous and temperate, we nevertheless regard these questions, important as they are, as secondary to the great issues now pressing for solution, and upon which not only our individual prosperity but the very existence of free institu tions depend; and we ask all men to first help us to determine whether we ore to have a republic to administer before we differ as to the conditions upon which it is to be administered, believing that the forces of reform this day organized will never cease to move forward until every wrong is rem eu ied and equal rights and equal privileges securely established for all the men and women of the country. We declare, therefore— First, That the union of the labor forces of the United States, this day consummated, shall be permanent and perpetual. May its spirit enter in to all hearts for the salvation of th& republic and the uplifting of mankind. Second, Wealth belongs to him who creates it, and every dollar taken r ,om industry Without an equivalent is robbery. “If any will not work, neither shall he eat.” The interests of rural and civic labor are the same; their enemies are identical. Third, We believe that the time has come when the railroad corporations will either own them the people or the people must own them and should the government enter upon the work of owning and managing any or all rail roads we should favor an amendment to the constitution by which all per sons engaged in the government service shall be placed under a civil service regulation of the most rigid character, so as to prevent the increase of the power of the national administration by the use of such additional gov ernment employes. Ist. We demand a national currency, safe, sound and flexible, issued by the general government only, a full legal tender for all debts, public and private, and that without the use of banking corporations; a just, equit able and efficient means of distribution, direct to the people, at a tax not exceeding 2 per cent, be provided, as set forth in the subtreasury plan of the farmers alliance, or some better system; also, by payments in discharge of its obligations for public improvements. a. We demand free and unlimited coinage of silver and gold at the present legal ratio of 16 to 1. b. We demand that the amount of circulating medium be speedily in leased to not less than SSO per capita. c. We demand a graduated income tax. d. We believe that the money of the country should be kept as much as possible in the hands of the people, and hence we demand that all state and national revenue shall be limited to the necessary expenses of the government, economically and honestly administered. e. We demand that postal savings banks be established by the govern ment for the safe deposit of the earnings of the people, and to facilitate exchange. Second—Transportation being a means of exchange and a public neces sity, the government should own and operate the railroads in the interests of the people. a. The telegraph and telephone, like the postoffice system, being a ne cessity for the .transmission of news, should be owned and operated by the government in the interest of the people. Third—The land, including all the natural resources of wealth, is the heritage of all the people, and should not be monopolized for speculative purposes, and alien ownership of land should be prohibited. All land now held by railroads and other corporations in excess of their actual needs, and all lands now owned by aliens, should be reclaimed by the govern ment and held for actual settlers only. Whereas other questions have been presented for our consideration, we hereby submit the following, not as a part of the platform of the peo ples party, but as resolutions expressive of the sentiment of this conven tion. First—Resolved, That we demand a, free ballot and a fair count in all ,electioi\s ar.d pledge ourselves to secure it to every legal voter without Ju/g 4th, 1892. THE OLD PARTIES ARRAIGNED. THE WAR IS OVER THREEFOLD DECLARATION. PLATFORM PLANKS. SUPPLEMENT TO THE PLATFORM. Austrairan^^te^y^ ol^011 * theßtateeof the Second-Resolved, That the revenue derived from a graduated income tax should be applied to the reduction of the burden of taxation now rest mg upon the domestic industries of this country. Third—Resolved, That we pledge our support to fair and liberal pen sions to ex-union soldiers and sailors. Fourth—Resolved, That we condemn the fallacy of protecting American labor under the present system, which opens our ports to the pauper and criminal classes of the world, and crowds out our wage earners; and we de nounce the present ineffective laws against contract labor, and demand the further restriction of undesirable immigration. Fifth—Resolved, That we cordially sympathize with the efforts of or ganized workingmen to shorten the hours of labor, and demand a rigid enforcement of the existing eight-hour law op government work, and ask that a penality, clause be added to the said law. Sixth Resolved, That we regard the maintenance of a large standing army of mercenaries, known as the Pinkerton system, as a menace to our liberties, and we demand its abolition; and we condemn Che recent inva sion of the territory of Wyoming by the hired assassins of plutocracy, as sisted by federal oflScials. r ,^ Resolved, That we commend to the favorable consideration or the people and the reform press the legislative system known as the in itiative and referendum. ~ Eighth—Resolved, That we favor a constitutional provision limiting the omce of president and vice president to one term, and providing for the election of senators of the United States by a direct vote of the people. . m th Resolved, That we oppose any subsidy or national aid to any private corporation for any purpose. Resolved, That this convention sympathizes with the Knights of La bor m their righteous contest with the tyrannical combine of clothing manufacturers of Rochester, and declare it to be the duty of all who hate tyranny and oppression to refuse to purchase the goods made by the said manufacturers or to patronize any merchants who sell such goods. THE MINNESOTA FARMERS’ ALLIANCE MUTUAL FIREJNSURANGE CO. ORGANIZED UNDER THE LAWS OF 1891. We Propose to Owe the Farmers the Cheapest Fire Insurance They Have Euer Had. INSURANCE ATACTUAL COST AGENTS WANTET IN EVERY PART OF TEE STATS OFFICERS. Hon. Ignatius Donnelly President D. P. Lister Vice President R. Echford Secretary . James Cain Treasurer. Q. M. GUtinan Actuary. For full Particulars Write to the Secretary. ROBERT ECKFORD ~ ~ - - SECRETARY. ©T9 ‘WafbasltLa. Sti., StL ZEPanxl 7doSinblliaha; A Biographical Sketch and Literary Storehouse of the Life and Work of SO 3ST- IQNATITTS DONITELLT, By EVERETT W. FISH, M. D.. Anther of "Text Lack of Qualitative Chemical Analysis," "The Qreat Pyramid of Egypt,” Etc., and Editor of "The Great West.” Over 400 pages of material Interesting to every western man. The publishers say: "The.blography is written in the terse, vigorous and picturesque style the editor of Gmat Wxsr famous—full of snap and fire— and while this, in itself, constitutes a val uable addition to American history and literature, the "Donnelliana" proper, that is, the extracts from Mr, Donnelly’s writings and speeches, cannot fail to interest every class of readers. Hers are assembled the gems of thought and expression from "Atlantis," "Ragnarok," "The Great Crypto gram, ’’ "Cmsars Column,” and "Doctor Huguet.” Nor is this a mere reprint of old material al ready familiar to the public, bat a very large part of it is new material never before printed, Gov ernor Donnelly’s prlvats papsrs and his Journal having besn copiously drawn upon. In Extra Cloth, gilt top, $1.50. 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AINSLIK, General Manager, Chicago, 111. J. M. HANNAFORD, General Traffle St. Paul. Minn. H. C. BARLOW, Traffic Mamager, Chicago, 111. JAS. C. POND, General Passenger and Tick# Agent, Chicago, HI. Alliance Libraries. EVERT FARMERS ALLIANCE Should Hath a Fbw STANDARD BOOKS FOR the use of the members, and to loan ont at a weekly charge. From the Great West book list such a library can be select ed, and the cost soon be repaid by the small fee for use. Thus the Alliance will become an edu cator. Three to five dollars will thus accomplish a vast amount of education on eco nomic lines. TRY IT 9 and see if it isn't A GOOD INVESTMENT I I DRIVEN FROM SEA TO SEA, I I OIEt CC JTTST -A. C A TVEFIIET.”’ | H d Book for Euery Farmer on the American Continent to Read -40,000 Sold H Q when it was $2 a volume, Now issued in paper covers, and B fi so/cf £/?« Great West at 50c. a copy, H H 414 pages, with the last 75 pages an Appendix Entitled “A Body Without A Soul." B B This work, written by C. C. Poet, of Chicago, ia second only to Crosar’s Column in its power orer B EH the hearts of men. It is thrilling— more, it is startling. With some othe facts in connection EH H with the land robberies the editor of this paper is familiar. H | Sent to any address, postpaid, on receipt of Fifty Cents, | U ADDRESS, 'WEST, 1 g ST. ZEP-A-UTIi, TVM-nn B The Book of the Efoch / THIS WONDERFUL BOOK IS BEING PUBLISHED DC OTHER LANGUAGES ! ff S * at# Two Loadoa Publishing Houses are Printing It. The Swedish Editiom is New Rsady. ” I I II il l jwl It may be ordered et the G*eat West. II there le a farmer la the Northwest who- hat 'P mot read Oasar’s Column, let him send ua 60 eta. for It at ernes. M XDBTUND BOIBGILBEBT, IL IX Following is the opinion of the critics, who pronounce it (KNATIUS DONNELLY.) A MASTBEPIEOB3 OB’ LITBRATTJEB. “A Gabriel’s trump.”— Frances E. Willard. «'A very extraordinary production.”— Kt. Bey. Henry C. Potter. Episcopal Bishop of New York. As an example of the highest literary form it deserves unstinted praise.”— Cardinal Gibbons, Baltinas* Md «• a wonderfully fascinating book. It will hold the attention of the world as no other book has held II k» years.” —Chicago Saturday Blade. Price, 50 Cei/ts postpaid. Swedish Edition, 75 cte. THE • GREAT * VEST, «r# WABASHA STREET, - - ST, PAUL, MINNESOTA. THB CAMPAIGN OF EDUCATION. Ceetar’s Column. A Story of the Twentieth Century. By Edmond Bolsgilbert (Hon. Ign&tias Donnelly). “The most re markable and thought-producing novel that the dietnrbed Industrial and social conditions of the preeent hare produced.”—Arena. Cloth, •1.25. Paper, 600. A Swedish edition of the above— Cloth, fi1.25. Paper, T6c, Norwegian and Ger man translations are sow in preparation. Doctor Huguet. A Novel. By the author of 'Caesar’s Column.” A wonder tally fascinating story, based on the most start- Ung and orglaal conception in literature. Cloth, fI.H. Paper, 50c. An Indiana Kan. By Leßoy Arm strong. "So trns to ths real life ox modern politics as to seem more like hietory and bio graphy than romance.”—Chicago Inter-Ocean. r *A story that holds the reader’s attention from beginning to end.”—Chicago Herald. Cloth, 11.00. Paper, 50c, Driven From Sea .to Boa; or, Just a-Campin’. ByO. C. Tost. This great anti monoply book was formerly published at •2.00 aad •2.50 per volume. It Is now first published la popular form, and profusely ill ustrated, “Since the days that lire. Stowe wrote the doom of the slave-driver in 'Uncle Toni’s Cabin,’ no author has etrnok a more vigorous blew la favor of the rights of the laborer.”—Chisago Inter-Ocean. Cloth, fi1.25. Paper. 50c. A Tramp In Society. By Robert H. OowSrey. “Thrilling and fasciaatlag . . . No one who reads It can restrain admiration for the man who can write a story that con tains in He warp and woof so much that is helpful and bettering to humanity.”—Arkan sas Traveler. Cleth, fi1.25. Paper, BQe. Pizarro and John Sherman. By Mrs. Marion Todd. “ This work will go far toward thesolutioa of the financial problem, and It will prove a powerful lever In the overturning of Mammon 1 ! temple. It should be read by every American citizen."—Farmers’ A Ilian oe Journal, Balto. Paper, 255. Address all orders to, 679 Wabasha St. “The Text-Book for the Reform Campaign of 1802” THE COMING CLIMAX 480 pages of new facts and generalizations in American politics. Radical ye) ssustruetlVOk An abundant supply of new ammunition for the great reform movement. It treats of the past but handles exhaustively the present status of the conflict between the American Plutocrat and the American producer. It goes daringly into the future, and prophecies as to ths exact nature of the tragedy that may come to the country unless righteous reforms are soon given. The book Is for sale by 679 Wabasha St., “It one-half of this book Is true, the pnbllc offices of Washington ought to cleared (It with amf „ IN OFFICE A Story of Washington Life end leeisfiy BY LEWIS VITAL BOGY 2> A book t£iat proved too plain and too true for the “powers that be,’* and fer the writing ef which the author was dismissed from the public service. 12 mo. Paper, 255. Send to toe fiiuf West for it. Bead this book. It has raised “Hail Columbia” at Washington. Green B. Baum, commissioner, received authority from a cabinet official to die* charge the author. There is a tremendous “hue and cry” over its exposures. Your daughters may vet be “In Office.” Aa soon as the publisher, Mr. Schulte, of Chicago, heard that Mr. Bogy was discharged for writing the book, he telegraphed him that he would pay him a royalty on the sales, notwithstanding the fact he had purchused the manuscript outright. This stamps Mr. Schulte as a man of great heart and generous impulses. Scatter this book abroad in the land. When you send for one copy for yourself sand for one to give away. Address GREAT WEST, 679 Wabasha St., St. Paul. M HX WHO HEADS, RULES.” Tern Ken of Money Island; ef Primer of Flnanoe. By S. F. Norton. “H makac the money question, which has bothers! ■®. “*,?/ braiM ' “ ample as the alphabet It is a literary wonder In this, that It makto posting one’s self on ths fundamental priaZ pies of righteous finance as easy and reading as ’Robinson Orusoe.’’— Leader « Hnbbard. Paper, 260. Protective Tariff Delation. By Mre, Marlon Todd. “ This book, by ths moot ahM and eloquent lady orator that graoes the Amercian platform, thoroughly takes from tat tariff question ths false and mists koa idea si ‘protection to American flabor.”’ Nsn-Gaa. formist. Paper, 20c. Prof. Goldwin Smith, and hi* Safa tellites in Congress, By Mrs. Marlon Tail, “ A clear and cogent presentation of ths fasti relating to ths suffrage question.”—-ChUaafi Herald. Cloth, fil.Ofi. Paper 80s. In Office: A Story of Washington Life and Society. By Lewis# vital Bogy. A striking novel, the scene of which is laid Ta the National Capital, and which throws a pecnllfif ride light on some of ths mysteries of nations polities. Paper, 25c. A Kentucky Colonel. By Opto F, Read. While this hook advocates no polities reform, it deserves a place with reform boqS as a notable example of ths revival in Aaeffc can literature, A purs, bright American novel wholesome in sentiment, sparkling with rm fined humor, strong tu character pert rare orglaal in style—a bosk ths reading of whisfi will leave a pleasant memory in ths mind lam ever. Cloth, SI,OO. Papes, 60c. The littlo Giant Cyolqpedia and Treasury of Ready Reference. By K. L Ana strong. A Million and one Pacts and Figures, 60 full-page colored maps. 51 colored eaarta plates and diagrams. 25M useful tables, rm cipes. etc. Revised to date, with latest sea ms, Ac. A world of valuable imfomatiaa Is one handy volume. Ths very best book of It! kind. Price in flexible morocco, ■ tarn pel to gold leaf, with red edges. fii.N. THE GREAT WEST, —IN THE DESTINIES OF AMERICA. BY LESTER C. HUBBARD. THE GREAT WEST. trailiensc.”— N. O. Picayune, ST. PAUL, MINN. ST. PAUL, MINN.