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The great West. [volume] (St. Paul, Minn.) 1889-18??, September 23, 1892, Image 6

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2d declaration
Adopted at the Omaha Con erence of Laboring People
Assembled upon the one hundred and sixteenth anniversary of the de
claration of independence, the peoples party of America, in their first na
tional convention, invoking upon their action the blessing of almighty
God, puts forth in the name and on behalf of the people of this country,
the following preamble and declaration of principles:
The conditions which surround us beet justify our co-operation. We meet
in the midst of a nation brought to the verge of moral, political and material
ruin. Corruption dominates the ballot box, the legislatures, the congress, and
touches even the ermine of the bench. The people are demoralized. Most
of the states have been compelled to isolate the voters at the polling places
to prevent universal intimidation or bribery. The newspapers are largely
'Subsidized or muzzled, public opinion silenced, business prostrated, our
homes covered with mortgages, labor impoverished, and the land concen
trating in the hands of the capitalists. The urban workmen are denied the
right of organization for self protection; imported pauperized labor beats
down their wages; a hireling standing armv, unrecognized by our laws, is
established to shoot them down, and they are rapidlv degenerating into
European conditions. The fruits of the toil of millions are boldly stolen to
build up collosal fortunes for a few, unprecedented in the history of man
kind, and the possessors of these, in turn, despise the republic and endanger
liberty. From the same prolific womb of governmental injustice we breed
the two great classes—tramps and millionaires.
The national power to create money is appropriated to enrich bondhold
ers. A vast public debt payable in legal tender currency has been funded
into gold-bearing bonds, thereby adding millions to the burdens of the peo
Silver, which has been accepted as coin since the dawn of history, has
been demonetized to add to the purchasing power of gold by decreasing
the value of all forms of property, as well as human labor, and the supply
of currency is purposely abridged to fatten usurers, bankrupt enterprise
and enslave industry. A vast conspiracy against mankind has been or-
Sanized on two continents and is rapidly taking: possession of the world.
not met and overthrown at once it forebodes terrible social convulsions,
the destruction of civilization, or the establishment of an absolute despot
We have witnessed for more than a century the struggles of the two
Keat political parties for power and plunder, while grevious wrongs have
en inflicted upon the suffering people. We charge that the controlling
Influences dominating both these parties have permitted the existing dread
ful conditions to develop without serious effort to prevent or restrain them.
Neither do they now promise us any substantial reform. They have agreed
together to ignore in the coming campaign every issue but one. They pro
pose to drown the outcries of plundered people with the uproar of a sham
battle over the tariff, so that capitalists, corporations, national banks,
ffings, trusts, watered stock, the demonetization of silver, and the oppres
sions of the usurers may all be lost sight of. They propose to sacrifice our
homes, lives and children on the altar of Mammon; to destroy the multi
tude in order to secure corruption funds from the millionaires.
Assembled on the anniversary of the birthday of the nation, and filled
with the spirit of the grand generation who established our independence,
we seek to restore the government of the republic to the hands of “the plain
people” with which class it originated.
We assert our purposes to be identical with the purposes of the nation
al constitution—“To form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure
domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the gener
al welfare and secure the blessings of liberty for ourselves and our posteri
ty ” We declare that this republic can only endure as a free government
while built upon the love of the whole people for each other and for the na
tion; that it cannot be pinned together by bayonets; that the civil war is
over, and that every passion and resentment which grew out of it must die
w 'ta ic and that we must be in fact, as we are in name, one united brother
hood of freemen.
Our country finds itself confronted by conditions for which there is no
precedent in the history of the world —our annual agricultural productions
amount to billions of dollars in value, which must within a few weeks or
months be exchanged for billions of dollars of commodities consumed in their
productiou; the existing currency supply is wholly inadequate to make this
exchange; the results are falling prices, the formation of combines and rings
and the impoverishment of the producing class. We pledge ourselves that
if given power we will labor to coi rect these evils by wise and reasonable
legislation in accordance with the terms of our platform.
We believe that the powers of government—in other words, of the peo
pie—should be expanded (as in the case of the postal service) as rapidly
and as far as the good sense of an intelligent people and the teachings of
experience shall justify, to the end that oppression, injustice and poverty
shall eventually cease in the land.
While oar sympathies as a party of reform are naturally upon the side
of every proposition which will tend to make men intelligent, virtuous and
temperate, we nevertheless regard these questions, important as they are,
as secondary to the great issues now pressing for solution, and upon which
not only our individual prosperity but the very existence of free institu
tions depend; and we ask all men to first help us to determine whether we
ore to have a republic to administer before we differ as to the conditions
upon which it is to be administered, believing that the forces of reform this
day organized will never cease to move forward until every wrong is rem
eu ied and equal rights and equal privileges securely established for all the
men and women of the country.
We declare, therefore—
First, That the union of the labor forces of the United States, this day
consummated, shall be permanent and perpetual. May its spirit enter in
to all hearts for the salvation of th& republic and the uplifting of mankind.
Second, Wealth belongs to him who creates it, and every dollar taken
r ,om industry Without an equivalent is robbery. “If any will not work,
neither shall he eat.” The interests of rural and civic labor are the same;
their enemies are identical.
Third, We believe that the time has come when the railroad corporations
will either own them the people or the people must own them and should the
government enter upon the work of owning and managing any or all rail
roads we should favor an amendment to the constitution by which all per
sons engaged in the government service shall be placed under a civil service
regulation of the most rigid character, so as to prevent the increase of the
power of the national administration by the use of such additional gov
ernment employes.
Ist. We demand a national currency, safe, sound and flexible, issued
by the general government only, a full legal tender for all debts, public and
private, and that without the use of banking corporations; a just, equit
able and efficient means of distribution, direct to the people, at a tax not
exceeding 2 per cent, be provided, as set forth in the subtreasury plan of the
farmers alliance, or some better system; also, by payments in discharge
of its obligations for public improvements.
a. We demand free and unlimited coinage of silver and gold at the
present legal ratio of 16 to 1.
b. We demand that the amount of circulating medium be speedily in
leased to not less than SSO per capita.
c. We demand a graduated income tax.
d. We believe that the money of the country should be kept as much
as possible in the hands of the people, and hence we demand that all state
and national revenue shall be limited to the necessary expenses of the
government, economically and honestly administered.
e. We demand that postal savings banks be established by the govern
ment for the safe deposit of the earnings of the people, and to facilitate
Second—Transportation being a means of exchange and a public neces
sity, the government should own and operate the railroads in the interests
of the people.
a. The telegraph and telephone, like the postoffice system, being a ne
cessity for the .transmission of news, should be owned and operated by
the government in the interest of the people.
Third—The land, including all the natural resources of wealth, is the
heritage of all the people, and should not be monopolized for speculative
purposes, and alien ownership of land should be prohibited. All land now
held by railroads and other corporations in excess of their actual needs,
and all lands now owned by aliens, should be reclaimed by the govern
ment and held for actual settlers only.
Whereas other questions have been presented for our consideration,
we hereby submit the following, not as a part of the platform of the peo
ples party, but as resolutions expressive of the sentiment of this conven
First—Resolved, That we demand a, free ballot and a fair count in all
,electioi\s ar.d pledge ourselves to secure it to every legal voter without
Ju/g 4th, 1892.
Austrairan^^te^y^ ol^011 * theßtateeof the
Second-Resolved, That the revenue derived from a graduated income
tax should be applied to the reduction of the burden of taxation now rest
mg upon the domestic industries of this country.
Third—Resolved, That we pledge our support to fair and liberal pen
sions to ex-union soldiers and sailors.
Fourth—Resolved, That we condemn the fallacy of protecting American
labor under the present system, which opens our ports to the pauper and
criminal classes of the world, and crowds out our wage earners; and we de
nounce the present ineffective laws against contract labor, and demand
the further restriction of undesirable immigration.
Fifth—Resolved, That we cordially sympathize with the efforts of or
ganized workingmen to shorten the hours of labor, and demand a rigid
enforcement of the existing eight-hour law op government work, and ask
that a penality, clause be added to the said law.
Sixth Resolved, That we regard the maintenance of a large standing
army of mercenaries, known as the Pinkerton system, as a menace to our
liberties, and we demand its abolition; and we condemn Che recent inva
sion of the territory of Wyoming by the hired assassins of plutocracy, as
sisted by federal oflScials.
r ,^ Resolved, That we commend to the favorable consideration
or the people and the reform press the legislative system known as the in
itiative and referendum.
~ Eighth—Resolved, That we favor a constitutional provision limiting
the omce of president and vice president to one term, and providing for
the election of senators of the United States by a direct vote of the people.
. m th Resolved, That we oppose any subsidy or national aid to any
private corporation for any purpose.
Resolved, That this convention sympathizes with the Knights of La
bor m their righteous contest with the tyrannical combine of clothing
manufacturers of Rochester, and declare it to be the duty of all who hate
tyranny and oppression to refuse to purchase the goods made by the said
manufacturers or to patronize any merchants who sell such goods.
We Propose to Owe the Farmers the Cheapest Fire Insurance
They Have Euer Had.
Hon. Ignatius Donnelly President
D. P. Lister Vice President
R. Echford Secretary .
James Cain Treasurer.
Q. M. GUtinan Actuary.
For full Particulars Write to the Secretary.
©T9 ‘WafbasltLa. Sti., StL ZEPanxl
A Biographical Sketch and Literary Storehouse of the Life and Work of
Anther of "Text Lack of Qualitative Chemical Analysis," "The Qreat Pyramid of Egypt,” Etc., and
Editor of "The Great West.”
Over 400 pages of material Interesting to every western man. The publishers say:
"The.blography is written in the terse, vigorous and picturesque style the
editor of Gmat Wxsr famous—full of snap and fire— and while this, in itself, constitutes a val
uable addition to American history and literature, the "Donnelliana" proper, that is, the extracts
from Mr, Donnelly’s writings and speeches, cannot fail to interest every class of readers. Hers are
assembled the gems of thought and expression from "Atlantis," "Ragnarok," "The Great Crypto
gram, ’’ "Cmsars Column,” and "Doctor Huguet.” Nor is this a mere reprint of old material al
ready familiar to the public, bat a very large part of it is new material never before printed, Gov
ernor Donnelly’s prlvats papsrs and his Journal having besn copiously drawn upon.
In Extra Cloth, gilt top, $1.50. In Paper Covers, Fifty Cents.
T0,.a,., THE great west,
679 Wabasha Street, - - ST. PAUL, MINN.
Fast Tbainb with Pullman Vsstlbnlsd Drawing
Room Slsspsrs, Dining Cars and Coaches of latest
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Paul and Minneapolis,
Fast Thajns with Pullman Vestlbuled Drawing
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Thbouoh Pullman Tsstibulhd Drawing
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Contbnibrt Tbains to and from Eastern,
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For tickets, sleeping car reservations, time,
tables amd other information, apply to agents of
the Line or to Ticket Agents anywhere in the
United Statee or Canada.
S. R. AINSLIK, General Manager, Chicago, 111.
J. M. HANNAFORD, General Traffle
St. Paul. Minn.
H. C. BARLOW, Traffic Mamager, Chicago, 111.
JAS. C. POND, General Passenger and Tick#
Agent, Chicago, HI.
Alliance Libraries.
Should Hath a Fbw
FOR the use of the members, and
to loan ont at a weekly charge.
From the Great West book
list such a library can be select
ed, and the cost soon be repaid
by the small fee for use. Thus
the Alliance will become an edu
cator. Three to five dollars
will thus accomplish a vast
amount of education on eco
nomic lines.
and see if it isn't
H d Book for Euery Farmer on the American Continent to Read -40,000 Sold H
Q when it was $2 a volume, Now issued in paper covers, and B
fi so/cf £/?« Great West at 50c. a copy, H
H 414 pages, with the last 75 pages an Appendix Entitled “A Body Without A Soul." B
B This work, written by C. C. Poet, of Chicago, ia second only to Crosar’s Column in its power orer B
EH the hearts of men. It is thrilling— more, it is startling. With some othe facts in connection EH
H with the land robberies the editor of this paper is familiar. H
| Sent to any address, postpaid, on receipt of Fifty Cents, |
g ST. ZEP-A-UTIi, TVM-nn B
ff S * at# Two Loadoa Publishing Houses are Printing It.
The Swedish Editiom is New Rsady. ”
I I II il l jwl It may be ordered et the G*eat West. II there le a farmer la the Northwest who- hat
'P mot read Oasar’s Column, let him send ua 60 eta. for It at ernes.
M XDBTUND BOIBGILBEBT, IL IX Following is the opinion of the critics, who pronounce it
“A Gabriel’s trump.”— Frances E. Willard.
«'A very extraordinary production.”— Kt. Bey. Henry C. Potter. Episcopal Bishop of New York.
As an example of the highest literary form it deserves unstinted praise.”— Cardinal Gibbons, Baltinas*
«• a wonderfully fascinating book. It will hold the attention of the world as no other book has held II k»
years.” —Chicago Saturday Blade.
Price, 50 Cei/ts postpaid. Swedish Edition, 75 cte.
Ceetar’s Column. A Story of the
Twentieth Century. By Edmond Bolsgilbert
(Hon. Ign&tias Donnelly). “The most re
markable and thought-producing novel that
the dietnrbed Industrial and social conditions
of the preeent hare produced.”—Arena. Cloth,
•1.25. Paper, 600.
A Swedish edition of the above—
Cloth, fi1.25. Paper, T6c, Norwegian and Ger
man translations are sow in preparation.
Doctor Huguet. A Novel. By the
author of 'Caesar’s Column.” A wonder
tally fascinating story, based on the most start-
Ung and orglaal conception in literature.
Cloth, fI.H. Paper, 50c.
An Indiana Kan. By Leßoy Arm
strong. "So trns to ths real life ox modern
politics as to seem more like hietory and bio
graphy than romance.”—Chicago Inter-Ocean.
r *A story that holds the reader’s attention
from beginning to end.”—Chicago Herald.
Cloth, 11.00. Paper, 50c,
Driven From Sea .to Boa; or, Just
a-Campin’. ByO. C. Tost. This great anti
monoply book was formerly published at
•2.00 aad •2.50 per volume. It Is now first
published la popular form, and profusely ill
ustrated, “Since the days that lire. Stowe
wrote the doom of the slave-driver in 'Uncle
Toni’s Cabin,’ no author has etrnok a more
vigorous blew la favor of the rights of the
laborer.”—Chisago Inter-Ocean. Cloth, fi1.25.
Paper. 50c.
A Tramp In Society. By Robert H.
OowSrey. “Thrilling and fasciaatlag . . .
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tains in He warp and woof so much that is
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sas Traveler. Cleth, fi1.25. Paper, BQe.
Pizarro and John Sherman. By Mrs.
Marion Todd. “ This work will go far toward
thesolutioa of the financial problem, and It
will prove a powerful lever In the overturning
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every American citizen."—Farmers’ A Ilian oe
Journal, Balto. Paper, 255.
Address all orders to,
679 Wabasha St.
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480 pages of new facts and generalizations in American politics. Radical ye) ssustruetlVOk An
abundant supply of new ammunition for the great reform movement.
It treats of the past but handles exhaustively the present status of the
conflict between the American Plutocrat and the American producer.
It goes daringly into the future, and prophecies as to ths exact nature
of the tragedy that may come to the country unless righteous reforms are
soon given.
The book Is for sale by
679 Wabasha St.,
“It one-half of this book Is true, the pnbllc offices of Washington ought to cleared (It with amf
„ IN
A Story of Washington Life end leeisfiy
A book t£iat proved too plain and too true for the “powers that be,’* and fer the writing ef which
the author was dismissed from the public service. 12 mo. Paper, 255. Send to toe fiiuf
West for it.
Bead this book. It has raised “Hail Columbia” at Washington. Green
B. Baum, commissioner, received authority from a cabinet official to die*
charge the author. There is a tremendous “hue and cry” over its exposures.
Your daughters may vet be “In Office.”
Aa soon as the publisher, Mr. Schulte, of Chicago, heard that Mr. Bogy
was discharged for writing the book, he telegraphed him that he would pay
him a royalty on the sales, notwithstanding the fact he had purchused the
manuscript outright. This stamps Mr. Schulte as a man of great heart
and generous impulses.
Scatter this book abroad in the land. When you send for one copy for
yourself sand for one to give away. Address
679 Wabasha St., St. Paul.
Tern Ken of Money Island; ef
Primer of Flnanoe. By S. F. Norton. “H
makac the money question, which has bothers!
■®. “*,?/ braiM ' “ ample as the alphabet
It is a literary wonder In this, that It makto
posting one’s self on ths fundamental priaZ
pies of righteous finance as easy and
reading as ’Robinson Orusoe.’’— Leader «
Hnbbard. Paper, 260.
Protective Tariff Delation. By Mre,
Marlon Todd. “ This book, by ths moot ahM
and eloquent lady orator that graoes the
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tariff question ths false and mists koa idea si
‘protection to American flabor.”’ Nsn-Gaa.
formist. Paper, 20c.
Prof. Goldwin Smith, and hi* Safa
tellites in Congress, By Mrs. Marlon Tail,
“ A clear and cogent presentation of ths fasti
relating to ths suffrage question.”—-ChUaafi
Herald. Cloth, fil.Ofi. Paper 80s.
In Office: A Story of Washington
Life and Society. By Lewis# vital Bogy. A
striking novel, the scene of which is laid Ta the
National Capital, and which throws a pecnllfif
ride light on some of ths mysteries of nations
polities. Paper, 25c.
A Kentucky Colonel. By Opto F,
Read. While this hook advocates no polities
reform, it deserves a place with reform boqS
as a notable example of ths revival in Aaeffc
can literature, A purs, bright American novel
wholesome in sentiment, sparkling with rm
fined humor, strong tu character pert rare
orglaal in style—a bosk ths reading of whisfi
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ever. Cloth, SI,OO. Papes, 60c.
The littlo Giant Cyolqpedia and
Treasury of Ready Reference. By K. L Ana
strong. A Million and one Pacts and Figures,
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plates and diagrams. 25M useful tables, rm
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trailiensc.”— N. O. Picayune,

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