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n which they were, in & certain sense, forced from the month of the juror.
The theory seemed to be that if a juror could in* any way be brought to answer that he could sit as an impartiar juror, that declaration of itself rendered him competent. Buch a view, if it was entertained, was a total misconception of the law. * * * “It requires no profound knowledge of human nature to know that with ordinary men opinions and prejudices are not amenable to the power of the will, however honest the intention of the party may be to put them aside. They are likely to remain in the mind of the juror in spite of all his efforts to get rid of them, warping and giving direction to his judg- coloring the facts as they are developed by the evidence and exert ing an influence more or less potent, though it be unconsciously to the juror himself, on the final result of his deliberations. To compel a person accused of a crime to be tried by a juror who has prejudged his case is not to give him a fair trial. Nor should a defendant be compelled to rely, as his security for the impartiality of the jurors by whom he is to be tried, upon the restraining and controlling influence upon the juror’s mind of his oath to render a true verdict according to the law and the evidence. His impartialiuy should appear before he is permitted to take the oath. If he is not impartial then, his oath can not be relied upon to make him eo. In the terse and expressive language of Lord Coke, already quoted, the jury should ‘STAND INDIFFERENT AS HE STANDS UNSWORN.* ” Applying the law as here laid down in the Cronin case to the answers of the jurors above given in the present case, it is very apparent that most of the jurors were incompetent because they were not impartial, for nearly all of them candidly stated that they were prejudiced against the defendants and believed them guilty before hearing the evidence, and the mere fact that the judge succeeded, by a singularly suggestive examina tion, in getting them to state that they believed they could try the case fairly on the evidence, did not make them competent. It is true that this case was before the supreme court, and that court allowed the verdict to stand, and it is also true that in the opinion of the majority of the court in the Cronin case an effort is made to distinguish that case from this one, but it is evident that the court did not have the record of this case before it when it tried to make the distinction, and the opinion of the minority of the court in the Cronin case expressly refers to this case as being exactly like that one, so far as relates to the compe tency of the jurors. The answers of the jurors were almost identical and the examinations were the same. The very things which the supreme court held to be fatal errors in the Cronin case constituted the entire fab ric of this case, so far as relates to the competency of the jury. In fact, the trial judge in the Cronin case was guided by the rule laid down in this case, yet the supreme court reversed the Cronin case because two of the jurors were held to be incompetent, each having testified that he had read and talked about the case and had formed and expressed an opinion as to the guilt of the defendants; that he was prejudiced; that he believed what he had read and that his prejudice might influence his verdict; that his prejudice amounted to a conviction on the subject of the guilt or inno cence of the defendants, but each finally said that he could and would try the case fairly on the evidence alone, etc. A careful comparison of the examination of these two jurors with that of many of the jurors in this case shows that a numbtr of the jurors in this case expressed themselves, if anything, more strongly against the de fendants than these two did, and what is still more, one of those summon ed, Mr. M. D. Flavin, in this case, testified not only that he had read and talked about the case and had formed and expressed an opinion as to the guilt or innocence of the defendants, that he was bitterly prejudiced, but further, that he was related to one of the men who was killed, and that for that reason he felt more strongly against the defendants than he otherwise might, yet he was held to be competent on his mere statement that he believed he could try the case fairly on the evidence. No matter what the defendants were charged with, they were entitled to a fair trial, and no greater danger could possibly threaten our institu tions than to have the courts of justice run wild or give way to popular clamor, and when the trial judge in this case ruled that a relative of one of the men who was killed was a competent juror, and this after the man had candidly stated that he was deeply prejudiced and that his relation ship caused him to feel more strongly than he otherwise might, and when in scores of instances he ruled that men who candidly declared that they believed the defendants to be guilty; that this was a deep conviction and would influence their verdict, and that it would require strong evidence to convince them that the defendants were innocent, when in all these in stances the trial judge ruled that these men were competent jurors, simply because they had, under his adroit manipulation, been led to say that they believed they could try the case fairly on the evidence, then the pro ceedings lost all semblance of a fair trial. Next week we will continue with a record which will bring a blush to jour cheek, and the following week demonstrate that the Entire Anarchist Business is a Put up Job on Labor; that Men are Hired *to be Anarchists. THE RUSSIAN REFUGEE. BY HENRY R. WILSON. 610 pp., Octavo, Paper Bound, 50c. This is a tale of the Blue Ridge, in which the terrible, far-reaching des potism of Russia plays a profound part. The story is of great interest— and it will appeal to those who look upon the recent Russian Treaty as a crime and an outrage. Send to the Cheat West—soc. postpaid. We do not see how so »irge a work can be published so cheaply—6lo pages. Ererj Day fa the Weak. Every Week la the Month. Ererr Month laTtke Year. —~—All the Year Around. Double Daily Train Service BETWEEN CHICAGO, MILWAUKEE AND ST. PAUL, MINNEAPOLIS, ASHLAND, DULUTH And all points in Eastern, Western, Northern and Central Wisconsin. WISCONSIN CENTRAL LINES The popular Route to the Delightful Cool Summer and Fish ing Resorts of ILLINOIS AND WISCONSIN. For tickets, sleeping car reservations, time tables and full information, apply to Agents of thes* '•net or Agents of any railway in the United States or Cam kn Provinces. JAS. C. POND, GenT Past, and Ticket Agent MIC AGO, ILL. FRIENDS OF THE CAUSE! We make an appeal to you Tq Sustain the Journa! which has never for one moment wavered one inch in its support and de fense of your interests. The “GFTEAT WEST” Has been an Unflinching advocate of the platform and the party—in tike MIDDLE OF THE ROAD AmreMsts, From 2d Pap. DbtjDctto Charges against the Plutocratic Parties. I—That they mutilated the “greenback,” or treasury note* at the dic tation of New York banks, after the regular treasury note had been at a premium over gold. Bv whiclr treason to the people gold instantly be came a commodity, ana of course rose to an immense premium. 2 —When only a few million of greenbacks were out they issued inter est bearing bonds, when the call of the people and the necessities of the government were for currency. 8 •—-These cruel debt bonds were sold for greenbacks, but bore gold in terest--* gold investment for 40 to 60c. on the dollar. Up to Sept. ’65, just this differential profit amounted to 605 million dollars, almost equal to the value of the bonds out at that time. 4. TERRIBLE-THE GOLD PAID AS INTEREST ON THESE BONDS WOULD HAVE REDEEMED EVERY GREENBACK—AND FOUR TIMES AS MANY MORE! This is one of the most stupendous facts in all the history of national crimes. That Gold came from imports. 5. —And BLACEER YET —during this crucifixion of the greenback, and while the bond debt increased (in times of peace, and when more mon ey was required for the south,) from 800 millions to 2300 millions, they SOLD AT AUCTION 522 million dollars in gold, on the Exchange of New York, the Stock Board of London and the Bourse of Paris. And these sales continued after the passage of the resumption act. 6. In order to create a demand for a bond debt; to put the control of the currency in the hands of the foreign gold-ring; in defiance of the warnings and threatenings of the patriot fathers—they established the so-called national banking system—but which is merely a private corpor ative establisment from which every dollar of currency is to be borrowed as a time-loan and go back with interest. 6.-Repudiation of the national obligations was twice consumated in the interests of the bankers, and against the people. First the bonds were a contract with the people that they should be payable in “lawful money.” The treasury notes were already lawful money, and those bonds were pur chased therewith at an enormous profit. The contract was repudiated, and gold payment required. Second.—Greenbacks were taken by the peo ple and the soldier under a specific contract that they were “a legal tender she you poor i IN THE MIDST OF SPLENDID RESOURCES 1% the Nation Poor I ARE CITIES AND PALACES BUILDED ON THE RUINS? Do You Know Why this Republic is a failure so Far as Uplifting Labor is Concerned? THE POWER BEHIND THE THRONE!" BY EVERETT W. FISH, M. D„ TOGETHER WITH -A-HSTID THE I3STTERVIEW= DAN. VOORHEIS QN NEW YORK BANKS! WILL BE ISSUED IN A FEW DAYS. 50 C. This work takes np one of the most important and mysterious elements of human government:—the secret control of the nations of the earth by the great house of Rothschilds, their means and sources of informa tion and power, and the far-reaching effects. It also touches upon the singular mysticism of He brew Caballism, and the untrodden avenue of seer knowledge. The plot is laid in and about the Stock Exchange of New York, and ite characters embrace several of the greatest operators of modern times. Dr. Fish is peculiarly fitted to produce such a book. His classical work, in the field of Egyptology and Semi tic lore, and his experience on the Exchanges, and as Commercial editor of metropolitan journals, has made HAVE YOUR ORDER IN EARLY ■ w Jm rtf WHO -AJRH3 REAI D TIBLIE IN"!E3W BOOK = “THE FACTS in the CASE!” for all debts, PUBLIC and private, except interest on the pnbtie debt.” and the tariff. And this Specific contract was repudiated. 7. We charge upon the two old paitiee the most awful contraction of the money of the nation—at the close of the war when fifteen or twenty millions of people were added to the population of the nation—and when 1 there were lees than $35 per capita, counting north and south. No Inn guage can properly deecribe this crime against the people. It was the bringing of a leprosy of poverty where was prosperity before; compelling people to pay nearly double the amount of a debt incurred five years be fore. It increased a 5 per cent interest to ten pqr cent, measured in toll and its products. Hundreds of millions of greenbacks were burned or “macerated” out of existence—and their place filled!by bonds bearimr in terest to the bankers. 8. The government issued 830 millions of poor man’s bonds—savings bonds—at 7 3-10th per cent in greenbacks. They were issued in $lO bills and upward—and were nsed as circulating money. The writer received them for pay as a soldier. The people would have taken at least five bill ions of those bonds for savings purposes. This would not answer. The large denomination gold-bonds were sold to banks in syndicate lots of a hundred millions, and then sent to a premium. So the bankers had the government destroy these people’s circulating bonds; and in three years they, too, were burned up—and bankers’ bonds issued in their place.) 9. In time of peace, after Sept., 1865—after every dollar of war con tracts were settled—the banker-bond debt of the nation was increased from 600 or 800 millions up to 2,300 millions. order to rob the people of every species of money except suck a 8 bankers controlled, they destroyed silver money in 1873, when it was worth, standard for standard, from 1 to 3c. on the dollar more than gold, and gold was a “dishonest dollar.” H—They have given to soulless syndicates an empire of nearly 20$ millions of acres of land—none of which has ever been sold to build a rail road. 12.—Through the Pacific Railways they have given bonuses of about one hundred million dollars to pirate and wealthy corporations. .. 13.—They paid the soldier from 40 to 60 per cent on the dollar of their wages—and the bond-holder 100 c. on every 40 and 60c. him familiar, in earlier life, with all the thrilling ele ments of his book. In order to acquaint the reader with the substan tial basis for the exciting scenes of the novel, he gives a preliminary 25 pp to “THE FACTS IN THE CASE.” This is an historical statement showing the reality of the conditions and the sequences—and is a strong presentation of the war now on between Money for Man and Money for the Banker. PRICE, POSTPAID, paper bound 50c. “ “ cloth bound SI.OO ADDRESS THE GREAT WEST.