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Official Paper of the City and County. Printed and Published Every Day in the Year BY TUT. ST. PAUL GLOBE PRINTING COMPANY, No. 821 Wabashaw Street, St. Paul. ST. PAUL, TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 12. SEW TERMSOFTHE GLOBE SEVEN ISSUES PER WEEK—BY CARRIER One Year, payable in advance $8 00 Six JMonths, payable in advance 4 25 Three Months 2 25 Per Month 75 SIX ISSUES PER WEEK—BY MAIL, POST AGE PAID. One Year $0 00 . SixMentha 3 50 Three Months 2 00 One Month 70 All mail subscriptions payable invariably in advance. Seven issues per week by mail at same rates as by carrier. SUNDAY GLOBE. By Carrier—per year $2 00 By Mail—per year, postage paid 1 50 ; WEEKLY GLOBE* By Mail—postage paid, per yeaj SI 15 j DAILY WEATHER BULLETIN. Office Chief Signal Officer, ) Washisgton, D. C, Feb. 11, S :5!> p. m. j taken at the same moment of time at all stations named. uppeh Mississippi valley. Bar. Ther. Wind. Weather. St. PanL.i 30.41 -14 NW Lt Snow St. Louis : .80.16 -35 N Lt llu.'.n La Crosse GO.37 -IT HE Cloudy SOUTHWEST. Bar. Ther. Wind. Weather. liismarck 30.08 -18 N Lt Snow Minnedosa 30.78 -24 NW Clear Moorhead 30.05 -20 N Cloudy Ft. Garry 30.81 -28 SW Hazy Quar"He 30.85 -29 SW Clear St. Vincent 30.71 -20 NW Fair KOitTUEi::-,- rocky jKouxTAi:; sloi*e. Bar. Ther. Wind. Weather. Ft. Assinaboin..30.01 -22 SW Clear Ft. Custer -30.54 -17 N Lt Snow Ft. Buford 30.08 -18 W Cloudy Helena, M. T...30.39 -11 Calm Clouily Hnrob, D. T 80.58- -18 N Cloudy Medicine Hat. ..30.71 -20 S Clear L'PPER LAItES. Bar. Ther. Wind. Weather. Dnlnth 30.58 -5 NE Lt Snow Chicago 30.24 -31 NE Cloudy MIDDLE EASTtr.N ROCKY MOUNTAIN SLOPE. Bar. Ther. Wind. Weather. Denver 20.15 -7 NE Lt Snow Dodge City 30.22 -5 N LtSnow MISSOURI VALLEY. Bar. Ther. Wind. Weather. Leavenworth ...30.18 -21 N Sleet Omaha 30.37 -5 N LtSnow DAILY LOCAL MEANS. Bar. Ther. Dew Point. Wind. Weather. 30.452 12.1 -rl.8 NW Cloudy-Sn'w Amount of rainfall or melted snow, 0.18, max imum thermometer, 17.0; minimum thermom eter, 3.0; daily range, 14.0. River, frozen. - Below zero. Note—Barometer corrected for temperature and elevation. P. F. Lyons, Sergeant, Signal Corps, U. S. A. to-day's weather. Washington, Feb. 12, 1 a. m.—Indications for the upper Mississippi: Light rains or snow, generally colder and partly cloudy weather, fol lowed in the northern portions by rising tempera ture and falling barometer on Wednesday morn ing, northerly to easterly winds. Missouri val ley: Light snow, partly cloudy weather, north erly winds, becoming variable; generally lower barometer, falling, followed during the night by rising temperature. YESTERDAY'S MARKETS. The St. Paul grain and produce markets are quiet with No. 1 hard lc, and regular 5c higher. Wheat, grain and provisions were generally higher and strong throughout the country. At Milwaukee, wheat was -%&iy t c higher; at Chica go l%c, and at New York above Satur day's glose. Corn and oats were also strong and rtosod^ higher. Money was plenty at Wall street with prices same a9 Saturday. Government securities wore firm except 4s, whioh were lower. States were quiet, railroad bonds strong with good de mand. Stocks opened 6trong and &@1 per cent, higher, led by Canada Southern. A reaction took place in which tho features were Oregon Transcontinental and Northern Pacific, which de clined 2}4@1?8 respectively. Canada Southern again bore the market up till the bear3 ham mered the stocks down, when at the close they were MQA% lower than on Saturday; excepting Canada Southern, Northwestern, Rock Island, Delaware, St. Paul, and Omaha, which were % @ JiC higher. The Globe satirist intends to note as they ' levelope some of the curious social pecul- J liarities of our free and extensive country i The rebellious action of those New Jersey ] boys, who would persist in keeping their •■ pants tucked in their boots during school ■ hours despite the mandate forbidding it, was ■ duly commented upon, as well as the agita- ■ tion of the tax-paying parents, and the bolt i of the school superintendent to the stronger 1 ranks of the young insurgents. Now the i record comes from Refugio, Texas, and con- i jerns the other extremity—viz the head. A gentleman who wore his hat while dancing at a b&ll, notwithstanding the objection of the socially sensitive at the entertainmente, put an end to any captious remonstrance by shooting a gentleman dea.d who asked him to ' take off his hat. Hats on and death to him j who interferes, says Refugio, Texas. Down with the oppressors who would prevent the correlation of our pants and boots in school, , says Woodbury, New Jeisgy. There is nothing sentimental about "Jer- j sey justice." Monmouth county, New Jer- i sey, has been grievously afflicted with bur- 1 glars and incendiaries for a year or more. ' Recently a gang of three men, with two boys ' about eighteen years of age, known as the ' "Drum gang," were captured. The whole ' number plead guilty, the men to indictment \ for sixteen burglaries, and were sentenced ; to thirty years in the penitentiary. One of , the boys got twenty years and the other ten j years. The leader of the gang is thirty-five 1 years pf age and if he lives to I serve out his time will be sixty- ' five years old when he again is at liberty to mitj^le with the world. A Red Bank ineen liary was sentenced for ten years. If the ' are-bugs who at this time infest St. Paul ; :ould be caught, the application of penalties ' like these would have the effect to free the I coifimunlty from the dangerous presence of characters of the kind. If the scoundrels j can be Arretted out give them "Jersey jus t^e." THF PENSION BUSINESS. Of the population of the United States, one person in each one hundred and seventy Iraws a pension from the government. There s no reason why there should not be more, tfith the facilities furnished by the legisla .icn of the time in Washington. tor instance, the house pension committee unanimously adopted the following resolu tion Jan. 25: It is the sense of thi? committee that, when ever the government has enlisted a soldier nnd accepted his service, tha soldier should not be required, in order to obtain a pension, to prove that lie was sound and iu good health When he enlisted, and that the government should be stopped from setting up that the disability ex isted prior to enlistment. Is it any wonder that decapitated officials from positions where pensions are "worked" should hie them to Washington to 6et up business in special quarters favorably to the patriotic work? If the above amiable propo sipon gets into the statute books through congressional action it will be a direct en couragement of fraud in a department where there are abuses enough already. There is something quite funny in the pension legis lation just now and it is clear that Senator Blair is disposed to an ironical fling in his bill quotsd as follows: __■«•&_. !flt$j t)l Kcw nwnpgMre. , —- . ——■■ '■ ' —i ! determined to get ahead of all competitors, has introduced a pension bill the provisions of which I will apply to people who get injured in the fu | tnre wars of the republic. Mr. Blair has power- I ful foresight. $300,000 FOR THE FLOOD SUFFERERS. The House of Representatives yesterday by : the vote of 233 yeas to 12 nays, appropriated $300,000 for the relief of the sufferers by flood in the Ohio valley. There was some qeestions about the constitutionality of the measure, but only a dozen of the members present yielded to their qualms on that point. Mr. Eaton, of Connecticut, said, "the head might doubt but the heart would act." Sun set Cox said if to give the un fortunate sufferers the amount pro posed "was any breach of the constitution God Almighty in his kindness would pardon it." Judge Taylor, of Ohio, had no doubt of the constitutionality of the measure, but he tccught that a million dollars would be re quired for the purposes of relief, and he would vote for that sum. Mr. Follett, of Cincinnati, said §300,000 was deemed suffi cient by the committee, but if it proved oth erwise they would bring in an additional bill. Many others spoke in cordial approval of the proposition, and in the spirit of those men tiyued. The country will heartily approve of the course pursued by the House, for the liveliest sympathy is felt for those plunged into distress and destitution by the great calamity. The benefaction is timely and proper, and congress would have been remiss if it had not taken the action stated. The calamity is national and the nation should succor those who suffer. STILL BAYING AT PORTER. The character of Hubibras, who, having both his legs cut off, and still continued to fight on his stumps, has found a parallel In the leading Republican newspaper of Chi cago. Not a day has passed since the deci sion of the house in which it has failed to re new its attack on Porter and charge every body connected with the attempt with being a patriot or a traitor according as he has supported or defended the unfortunate federal officer. Its latest effort is the publication of a letter from the pen of Hon. Leonard Swett, in which is re corded a conversation held with Lincoln by the writer. Swett was in the room with Lincoln at the time the manuscript evidence of the court martial was received, and Swett writes in referring to the case, that Lincoln said. "If I know any thing about evidence, it is what it tends to prove, and when a thing is proven. I have read every word in that record, and I tell you Porter is guilty and ought to be shot." This is the statement of Mr. Leonard Swett, and what of it? In the first place Mr. Swett is a played out Republican politician, and his evidence must be accepted with some allowance. He has not testified under oath and it may be that even if he had added his affidavit it might still be questioned, as it is not accompanied with any cross examination. It is some twenty years or more since the Porter affair and it may be possible that Mr. Swett's memory may not be entirely reliable. It is odd, in any case, that after such a lapse of years he should suddenly recall this .very apropos con versation. It may be added that in some other directions in the community in which he is known the memory of Hon. Leonard Swett is not regarded as of the most reliable character. But suppose that Swett's memory is ex act, and that Lincoln said exactly what he is credited with having said, what bearing has this on the matter as it now stands? Mr. Lincoln was in the Black Hawk war, and probably had some knowledge of military maneuvering, and the same is true of the veteran Swett, and it may be that both of them were able to judge without error the record presented against Porter. It may even be admitted, if Lincoln said this, that he was capable of judging of the situation, and, further, that the evidence presented justified the assertion that Porter ought to be shot, but, admitting all this what has all of it to do with the Por ter case as it has finally been developed? The case which has finally been decided is not at all the original ca§e. It is one in which en tirely new evidence has been produced and which was so satisfactory that the leading military men of the country have agreed that Porter was wholly innocent of the offense eharged. A majority of the representatives of the American people have added their con viction to conclusion of our military minds and have decided that Porter is innocent. In fact Ma innocence is clear to all, even to the malignant partisans who, houndlike, are still baying in his track. In fine it is simply a piece of unparalleled impudence to endeavor to bring in' at this point the opinion of Lincoln at a time when Lincoln knew absolutely nothing as to the merits of the matter at Issue. As a states man he stands high in the estimate of the nation, but he is not regarded a3 so infall ible that his opinion on a point involving life and death and concerning which he knew absolutely nothing Is to be regarded as final and beyond appeal ot error. CURRENT COMMENT. The match importations from Sweden are mak ing a decided impression upon the m$tch trade in this country. One grocery firm in NaW Yprk has contracted for the entjre Supply of the largest Swedish factories. Since July 1 this firm alone has imported over 35Q-.00Q gross of matches, and the supply was inadequate to the demand. The course pursued by th,e importers led recently to a proposition from the associated match manu facturers of the United States for a combination that should control both domestic and imported matches, but the importers declined to go into the pool. Mr. O. C. Barber, the head of the Bar ber match company, of Ohio, who belongs to the close combination, stated to a reporter recently that their promts during last July Were over §1,000,000. Owing to the importations and the starting up q£ new factories in this country, the prices have been falling off of late, Some idea of the magnitude of the Swedish match industry may be formed when it is stated that during last summer it took twenty steamers and eight sail ing vessels to transport the wood needed at the leading points. An enormous engine has recent ly been introduced into that country, which daily produces 1,000,000 boxes of matches. Ak English paper says that penal servitude Is as now carried out in England, a very dreadful punishment indeed. From the dock the convict is carted away in the prison van, and on his arri val at the jail the heavy gates are shut to, with a horrible sound behind him. He is thrust into a narrow cell, there to remain without companion ship for nine months. Scarcely ever hearing a human voice, save the warden's, fed on coarse food, his fate is sealed for 36 weeks, and after that he will probably be sent to another establish ment where the discipline is somewhat less se vere. The nine months' solitary confinement of a five years' convict is hard to bear, About five feet from the floor is a peep hole, The warden canl ook in at any moment, and the dread of this constant supervision induces in sensitive prison ers nervous anxiety, in such cases the most se vere part of the punishment inflicted on them, The period of solitary confinement at an end, they are allowed to work in gangs, under a strict and purposely vexatious discipline. Before pity ing the poor convict, however, remember that he has done something to deserve punishment and isn't sent to prison for the purpose of having things made pleasant for him. A PABAQRAPn in the Philadelphia Press says: "The turf scandals in England grow thicker. Charles Wood, one of the foremost jockeys, al though he has received his license again, will not get many mounts, for he has become a doubtful character. Even Archer is looked npon with suspicion. It is his case that 'Plunger' Walton means when he says that 'those fellers' had bet ter leave him alone or he will make it. extremely unpleasant for them. A suit begun by Lady Stamford against Sir Frederick JohnBton and Lord Arlington, was based on an allegation of turf frauds, also involving the Prince of Wales." JFrom this it would appear that some people have been fools enough to believe in such a thing as an honest horse raee. , Yajbwvs fieaijatjousd reports are current re- THE ST. PAUL DAILY GLOBE. TUESDAY MOBNING FEBRUARY 12.1884. : garding the health of Gen. Grant, but the follow- I ing statement by U. S. Grant Jr., may be under stood as the trnth of the matter. The yonng man says: "My father's health is steadily im proving—that is, the brnised limb is getting less and less painful. Of course he doeB not move about the house very much and when he does he has to use his crutches. But the General eats and sleeps fairly well. Every day I go Up to his room and chat with him over a cigar. He still clings to the pernicious weed. He seems always to be in good spirits. It may be confidently ex pected that Gen. Grant will be able to go out driving in a month's time. Gov. Clevzlajto's bachelorhood is a prominent topic at Albany and throughout the state for that matter. He has been invited to be the "best man" for State Comptroller Chapin, at the wed ding of the latter in Brooklyn, Feb 20. The Gov ernor, speaking about the way some newspaper men have been trying to marry him off, said to a reporter: "They work it very nicely. They get a new point every day. First, I am going south, then I am going to call on a lady, and next I am to be married. After a day or two they discover that the lady lives in New Orleans, and now I believe they call her Marsh. It saves me a great deal of trouble but I'd rather take a hand in the matter myself." The Virginia City Chronicle proclaims that the young ladies of that city are so popular that if they go away from home they are sure to get married. Miss Ash of that city went down to Churchill county to teach the public school, and during the first week she got married. The pu pils of that school hardly have time to get ac quainted with the teachers sent them before the holy bonds of matrimony carry them off. It is thought it will hereafter be necessary to require female teachers to give bonds in that district not to marry during the school term. A Washington letter describes Speaker Car lisle. He wields the gavel with some listlessness. He pounds as though he was afraid of making too much noise, and In this respect he differs from Keifer, who made the splinters fly in a shower over the devoted heads of the lines of clerks below him. He is a smoothly shaven man, with two bulging bumps of intellectuality over his eyes, a rather narrow forehead, and when he speaks his voice comes somewhat weak and a se vere frown ornaments or, to put it better, dis figures his brow. Of all the senators charged with nepotism, Senator Vance of North Carolina is tbe only one who has offered any explanation, probably be cause he is the only one who has any to otter. His statement is that the only son of his in any wise connected with "Uncle Sam" is young Zeb, who having graduated at Annapolis, found him self, together with the rest of his class, legislated out of the naval sen-ice. The President there upon tendered him a lientenancy in the army, and he passed his examination and is now on duty at the west. Toe N. Y. Mail and Express quotes the Wash ington Post as saying that President Arthur has done no work to secure delegates, "but his friends have looked the field over and they tell him they think that he can be nominated." This is one of the "delicate" ways employed to put C. A. A. on the track. One of these days the won derful President, a sort of second-hand Washing ton, as it were, will be crying in the streets: "Save me from my friends." In the meantime, it's jolly fun to see the "false pretenses" of his friends. A strange wedding story comes from Forney, Tex. Miss Lulu Rasberry and Dr. L. M. Turner were the contracting parties. Several attempts to tie the nuptial knot were unsuccessful. Each time the yonng lady, as the preacher got to the point of pronouncing them man and wife, threw up her hands and exclaimed: "NeverI" As the train on which they intended to leave on their bridal trip hove in sight, the young lady relent ed, the ceremony was performed, and they took their departuro. "Camp Meeting" John Allen of Wilton, Me., has reached the age of eighty-nine years. "I find much time to read," he said the other day, "and have read the Bible through and half the New Testament the second time in the last four months. I have read the Bible through many times, but never before quite so quickly." Thebe are said to be 15,000 Christians and 40,000 Egyptians in the province of Soudan; there are no less than 1,000 commercial houses owned by Europeans and 8,000 by Egyptians, and the import and export trade is valued at ft 13,000,000. These facts make Soudan worth holding ou to. With the wailing of the disconsolate a Phila delphia Republican paper says if it had not been for the boss regime there might be some splen did Republican Presidential timber in Pennsylva nia in this year of grace 1S84. But this is cold comfort for choked-off statesmen. VERMILYE WCvS. Gen. Meyer's Last Attempt to Viiidi- cate Himself a Fizzle. The curtain went down yesterday on the last act in the requisition proceedings against Daniel B. Vermilye, which terminated in a genuine fizzle, so far as the prosecution goes, and thus Mr. Vermilye has been once more exonerated. The first inkling of the matter came yesterday morning, when Hon. C. D. O'Brien received from New York the affidavits of certain gentlemen whose names had been mentioned in connection with the prosecution, to the effect that they had not been instrumental in proenring the indictment. These were to have been sub mitted when the case came up thi3 morning. The final climax in the case came last night, when it was discovered that detective Heidelburg, who has been in St. Paul over a week in the interest of the prosecution, had folded up his tent after the fashion of the Bedouin, and quietly Btolen away. A call at the Merchants hotel last night, elicited the information that Mr. Heidelberg had paid his bill and left on the 1:45 o'clock train for the east. This of course settles the case, and is a practical denial of the charges made against Vermilye in the requi sition. Going to Dixie. For a few days Dr. J. H. Stewart has been confined to his room by an acute attack of pneumonia, induced by exposure during an important professional engagement out of the city, He Is convalescent, however, and In a day or two will be attending to his usual duties. Upon Thursday or Friday of next week, Dr. and Mrs. Stewart contemplate starting for New Orleans, and in the course of their absence of a month or more, will Visit Washington and eastern cities. .*..■■ if, —-■ -■■>■ The Brive Well Oases. Mr. E. Q, Rogers yesterday filed a bond for an appeal in behalf of the complainants in the case of W, D. Andrews et al., against Royal D. Qpne, in the well known drive well cases, in ihe tJnited States court, before Judge Nelson, to take them to the United States supreme court. Judge Nelson ap proved the bond and allowed the appeal. The complainants will move to advance them In order to reach a decision as soon as possible, W. S. G. A. The second meeting of the West side Gym nastic association takes place to-night, at 8 p.m.,'sharp, at Birchers's hall. Among other business of importance to be transacted the election of officers will take place. All interested should be promptly on hand. Church Matters. New York, Feb. 11.—The presbytery has granted the church board of education an ex tra allowance of $31,000. The Rev. Nicholas Blerring was enrolled as a minister of the Presbyterian church. Changed Hands. Denver, Col., Feb. 11.—The Denver Tribune, one of the leading papers of the west, was sold to-day to a syndicate of New York gentleman for $100,000. O. n. Rothacker continues editor in chief, and F. J. V. Skiff, manager. Catherine Kile, who recently died in Rich mond township, Pennsylvania, at the ad vanced age of ninety-eight years, had twelve children, eighty-two grandchildren, 128 great grandchildren, and twe-^reat great grand- Children. Three of her children were born at one time, and these triplets are still living at the age of seventy-two years. They bear the good old scriutural names of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. FARMERS' WRONGS. Continuation of the Confer ence With the St Paul & Manitoba Railway Officials. A General Conversation With Messrs. Hill and Manvel and a Better Understanding Being Reached. The Sensible Views of a Member of the Committee Expressed to a G-lobe Representative. FARMERS' INDIGNATIO.'' MEETINGS IN NORTHERN MINNESOTA A State Farmers' Convention Called to Meet in St. Paul in March. Yesterday the gentlemen from Dakota who are here to consult with the St. Paul & Mani toba people in regard to freights had a long consultation with Mr. J. J. Hill, the presi dent of the road. About ten o'clock the whole party, on invitation of Mr. Hill, took a drive out to his farm, just north of the city, where they took a look at his polled Angus cattle, which are as fine as any thing ever seen in either the United States or England. A good many of the delegation like a good-looking ox, and will go a great way to see one. Yesterday all such were gratified, or at least had an opportunity to be. They, looked through the buildings, sheds, and among the other parts of the farm, and saw the stock belonging to Mr. Hill. TIIE INTERVIEW. On their return from the farm Mr. Hill invited them up into his office, on the corner of Fourth and Rosabel streets, where they held an interview with him for an hour or more. They were all arranged around the room and the interview took the form of a general conversation, in which each one took part, the interview proceeding in the form of questions and answers and a miscellaneous expression of opinion from everybody. MR. HILL'S VIEWS. Mr. Hill took occasion to say that what is wanted is a state inspector to make the grade uniform throughout the state. We want every elevator supplied with a cleaning ap paratus where a farmer can have his wheat cleaned if there is any dispute about how much should be deducted for dirt. It is bet ter that the farmer should pay half a cent por bushel than lose three or five pounds to the bushel. All elevators should weigh wheat on scales that are balanced by an Inspector and sealed; and a failure to do the elevator business in this way should be punished by imprison ment. There should be an inspector ap pointed by the state on each 100 miles of railroad who should visit each station on that 100 miles regularly at stated periods once a weejp His duties should be to see that all inspection of grain and elevator business is transacted according to the laws of the state or according to a law to be adopted by the legislature. TROUBLE ABOUT CARS. Mr. Scott, of Grand Forkes, made the statement that last fall, a man wanted one car for the purpose of sending seed wheat out on the Northern Pacific road, and though he waited three weeks he could not get it. To this Mr. Hill replied that he had never heard of such a case and that if such a case occurred it must have been the fault of the agent of the road. In such a case as the one referred to, the gentleman should have communicated by telegraph at once, with the headquarters in St. Paul. Anybody could communicate in that way and get an answer in thirty minutes. Such person need not be at any expense at all, but can telegraph at the expense of the company, and will be attended to instantly. It is not the intention to keep any agent in the employ of the road who is uncivil to people, or who neglects the interests of the people. Whatever is for the interest of the people is for the interest of the road. The road cannot afford to mistreat the public, and if any employe does mistreat or neglect the public his services will not be wanted, after it is known at the home office. There are cars enough to do the business of the road, and there is no reason why the car should not have been sent. SHIPPING WHEAT THROUGH. One of the delegation stated that the opinion was prevalent throughout the whole valley that wheat could not be shipped through Minneapolis, but that all the wheat was stopped by the Miller's association ele vators in Minneapolis. Mr. Manvel, who at that moment came in to the room, was appealed to for an answer, and replied that the answer was simple, which consisted of the statement that during the present season they (the road) had de livered at Duluth 3,000,000 bushels of wheat. Mr. Hill supplemented the answer by ask ing what on earth was the reason for the St. Paul & Manitoba building the line of road from Hinckley to Duluth? Was it just for fun that that road was built? He thought the compa ny, when it cut down those grades, did it for the purpose of shipping wheat across to Du luth. That was a very silly story indeed. NO INTEREST IN THE MILLERS' ASSOCIATION. Major Hamilton said that there was a gen eral impression throughout the whole valley that Mr. Hill was so identified with the Mil lers' association that he could not do justice to the people when asked to, and that he owned $250,000 in the Millers' association, which made it impossible for him to do jus tice to the farmer. Mr. Hill said that that story was a fair sample of the wild reports that were put into circulation by wholly ignorant persons, who did not know what they were talking about. There was not a word of truth in it. He had never owned a dollar's worth of stock iu the Millers' association, and had no interest in it further than the interest which every person has in the different busi ness organizations in the state. He said further that if the people any where along, the line o" the road wanted more elevators built he would take the contract to build a 30,000 bushel elevator for 63,000, including horse power, but steam power would cost more. He would not limit himself to own the elevator, but would contract for a hun dred of them, if needed. They could not get too many elevators for him: competitions in railroads. Some one having suggested the matter of competitions in railroads, Mr. Hill said that was well enough if people desired to think so, but after all it did not work that way. Railroads are not state institutions. They are not hospitals or poor houses either, but are big and expensive highways for business. They cost a great deal of money, and they must be run to make money. If there is not more business than one road can do, and you put in another road the two will unite and divide and nothing is gained for the farmer, and the latter is left. If one road gets all the business it will do it cheaper than two. SHIPPING DIRECT TO CHICAGO. Major Hamilton also stated that the opin ion prevailed in the valley that wheat could not be shipped through St. Paul to Chicago. Mr. Hill said this was not so, that it could go right straight through to Chicago on the same cars. If, on account of being short of ears it became ne cessary to transfer the wheat from one car to another, the road had the facilities for mak ing the change, and it is made without any, cost to the shipper. It is made for the con venience of the road, and the road ought to and does pay the cost. I tell you gentlemen, said Mr. Hill, we railroad men here in St. Paul do not eat roast baby for breakfast every morning. It is not all a bed of roses down here. We have some of the disagreeable part of the business ourselves. It is the policy of the road that the farmer should get the best price possible for his wheat. That makes business for the roads and we must work with you and you with us. He was very glad that the com mittee had given him an opportunity of hav ing this interview, and comparing notes with them. THE REBATE BUSINESS. Mr. Hamilton said further that lt was claimed in the valley that Pillsbury & Co. monopolize the freight on wheat over the road through rebate. Mr. Hill most emphatically denied this. Pillsbury & Co. have the same rates that other elevators have; no more, no less. The rates are precisely the same to all. In this connection Mr. Hill stated that the road had made one reduction on rates of ten per cent, and he hoped and intended just as soon as business would warrant it to make another reduction. It takes some time to fill up the country, and the business can't come till the country is filled up. The railroad is anxious for business. Its interests are iden tical with those of the farmer. THE CPSHOT OF IT ALL. The interview was a very pleasant one all the way through, and the committee ap peared to be well satisfied with the explana tion, and to be of a different opinion from what it had when it came down here. THE COMMITTEE. The committee consisting of W. N. Roach and E. O. Faulkner, that has been appointed to examine the St. Paul & Manitoba tariff rates, and compare it with the rates of other roads, will attend to that business to-day. Sensible Views of a Prominent Member of the Committee. Mr. E. O. Faulkner is a member of the sub-committee appointed to prepare the re port to be made by the committee from the Grand Forks convention, and one of the best informed and most intelligent of the party. A representative of the Globe met him and had a most entertaining conversa tion. He said the visit of the committee was proving in every way satisfactory and he thought they would secure all the concessions they are asking. In regard to unjust grad ing, the general conclusion arrived at is, he said, that we must have a system of state and territorial inspection to be controled by legis lation. This state inspection should be taken out of the region of politics and placed altogether under the control of a state and and territorial board of trade, working as far as possible in unison, those boards of trade to inaugurate a system of grading which, while guaran teeing justice to wheat buyers would also protect the Interests of producers and ar range a system so that wheat purchased for a certain grade would hold its own in any market in Minnesota or Dakota. Where dis putes take place between buyer aud seller as to grade, a sample of wheat would be taken and held until the local inspector visited the station, which would be at not longer inter vals than once a week, and his decision would be final. This is the system proposed by President Hill, and the committee will undoubtedly recommend the adoption of a law based on this system. Regarding weights, it is proposed the scales in elevators shall be so constructed that no part will be hidden from sight, and weights sealed by the inspector so they cannot be tampered with by anyone, and also to moke it a penal offense to alter scales. This plan that Mr. Hill suggests is one he has been advocating before the legislature for some time, but from the fact that no agi tation or desire on the part of farmers to in augurate an improvement in the system of grading has ever been manifested the law makers scarcely thought it necessary to go into the matter. It will now be brought prominently before thetn, and will also be one of the main issues of the next cam paign. The committee will go fully into the mat ter in submitting their report to the people and are in hopes the preS3, chambers of com merce and the.people generally both in Min nesota and Dakota will support the action at the next meeting of the legislature. This is a matter in which the fanners of Minnesota are as deeply interested as those of Dakota, but unless we act in concert no lasting good can be obtained. Regarding the question of through shipments we find we have been mistaken in the idea that all wheat for points beyond St. Paul had to be transferred through elevators at that place before proceeding onward. J Messrs. Hill and Manvel assured us such was not the ease, but when cars are plentiful it is sent through, and when scarce the grain is trans-shipped on track at the company's ex pense, thus guaranteeing through shipment. The question as to minimum capacity of elevators has also been thoroughly discussed, the arguments for and against the 30,000 bushel minimum being carefully considered. I think the result will be to let the matter rest where it is, although sinoe the interview with Mr. Hill no decision has been arrived at. Mr. Hill gave us figures showing the actual cost of building such warehouses as com ply with the conditions of the road, and the figures are so small that I think where the necessity arises some of the farmers would rather build themselves than that the mini num capacity should be reduced. We have gained a large amount of information since we came to St. Paul. One fact being that the road allows farmers to build warehouses along the track, and ship their own wheat without putting it through elevators, but if we get the question of grades and weights satisfactorily settled it is question^ ble if such steps will be taken. We desire to patronise the system of elevators as long as they give satisfaction. Mr. Pillsbury through out the agitation appears to have taken the matter in a personal fight, and Imagined that the whole agitation was directed against his firm. This is not so. We make personal charges against no one, but simply wish to show the faults of the system in. order that they may be remedied. It will be as much to the interest of Pillsbury & Hurlburt, and all other elevator firms as to ourselves and we hope for their co-operation and assistance when the time comes. Already the agitation is productive of good and we anticipate a marked im provement in handling next year's crop. Minneapolis and other large milling con cerns are as necessary to us as we are to them, and there i3 no reason why we cannot work harmoniously together. The master minds Which organized and control the immense flouring mills can certainly assist us in our undertak ing. The committee are also much pleased to notice an evident -willingness on the part of the Manitoba officials to carry out any sug gestions we may satisfy them are for the best. Messrs. Hill and Manvel both devoted more time to us than we could reasonably have ex pected and have convinced us that they are heartily in sympathy with us in reasonable requests. We scarcely expected to find that what we considered at one time merely a local agita tion would assume the proportions it has done. Since we came here, we notice farm ers' meetings have been held in different parts of the state, and throughout southern Dakota. It has now been taken out of the region of our locality and be come one of such importance that it Will undoubtedly command more attention at the next legislature than farm ers' movements generahy do. We are in hopes the agitation will be kept within rea sonable bounds, as it is only in this way we can insure success. Extremes in any direc tion should be avoided, aa in that ease we could icarccly expect the support of all class ' es. Capt. Donaldson's Tallz. Capt. Donaldson, whom our readers will readily remember as the heretofore men ! tioned active outside partner of Dennis Ry an, Esq., of St. Paul, and who conjointly own and run the most extensive wheat farm in the R?d river valley, arrived in St. Paul yesterday morning* and registered at the Merchants. During the day the captain called upon Manager Manvel. of the Manito ba road, and indulged in a very frank and business like talk with said official on his own account, concerning the much mooted question of wheat buying and transportation. In view of the magnitude of their operations and amount of money invested, Capt. D. necessarily speaks and acts independently and for himself and partner alone, at the same time recognizing that their interests and those of the great majority of the wheat raisers of that wonderful region are nearly or quite identical. It is understood that as a pointer in the present discussion of the great problem be tween the farmers and the railroads and ele vators, Capt. Donaldson has intimated that the great lines of transportation must with out delay lift the embargo of high freight rates from the granaries of the northwesfby knocking!) off from 4 to 7 per cei i per bushel on the present charges' and thus not only remove the cbokins-j'eollar from both farmer and merchant but at the same time secure a living rate for the roads and prevent a widely threatened depopulation of the val ley. In respons to this friendly sugges tiott we are pleased to announco that the management of the Manitoba road gave Bigns of a compliance with the request. Messrs. Donaldson <fc Ryan have now in store at their farm about "25.000 bushels of the pure No. 1 hard Scotch fife and other va rieties held for seed, and which is being sent for with offers as high as from $email@example.com per bushel for seed purposes, from various and even remote parts of the country; and if one may judge from the samples they are prepared to show, it would be difficult to tell where the frost bite came In on any properly treated crops of the Red river valley. The Farmers of Clay County Call a State Convention. To the Editor of The Globe: The following are the preamble and reso lutions in full, unanimously adopted by the farmers of Clay couuty, at the meeting held on Saturday the 9th inst., in Moorhead, which was the most enthusiastic and largely attended meeting of farmers that has been held in the northwest, and in the proceed ings of which 125 farmers took part: Whereas, It is patent to all intelligent people that there are gross and unbearable evils and abuses connected with the elevator and grain warehouse systems of the state of Minnesota, we specify, 'charge aud indict them as follows: That they defraud the farmer on the grad ing of his wheat. That they defraud him in Weights. That they defraud h!i_ in the amounts taken for cleaning his wheat That they defraud him in the amounts charged for shrinkage and waste. That the charges for storage and handling ere in many cases excessive and unjust. That the elevator nnd grain warehouse system are so operated and manipulated as to make them monopolies and specialists, driving away and debarring from their doors all individual and private buyers, and all competitive enterprise; and Whereas, It is evldont that many rail road corporations in the state make unjust aud injurious discriminations in favor of the elevator and warehouse monopolies as against the farmer aud producer aud private enterprises, we specify, charge and iudlct them as follows: That they make unjust and injurious dis criminations in" favor of the corporate mo nopolies In that they allow rebates andjjdraw ; baaks to said monopolies, while they aru re fused to the farmer and the private shipper. That they debar the farmer of his rights as a cltixen, in refusing him cars on track in which to ship his grain. That they are unjust and oppressive to the farmer in that they refuse him the privilege of erecting small elevators aud shipping warehouses at points on their lines whore elevators already exist. That the freight charg s to the farmer and individual shippers are exorbitant and op pressive beyond reason, on muny railroads in the state. That they are hand in hand with the ele vator and warehouse rings and monopolies to debar and shut out from the farmer and producer, a _free, open and eutramcled market; and Wbeiuas, These evils and abuses as set forth In the above preambles, are too oner rous, unjust and oppressive to be longer en o!; 'lnerefon* Resolved: That we do most earnestly protest against and condemn said evils and abuses. That we will not cease from our efforts and labors until we obtain fuli and complete justice, until the farmer and the citizen, however humble or lowly his station, shall enjoy his full and com plete rights; until no citizen is debarred of any right or privilege enjoyed by any other citizen, class or corporation. Resolved, That it is the sense of this con vention that their only hope of redress is through legislation. That to secure 6uch legislation as shall restore the rights of the farmer and citizen and to check the en croachments of railroad, elevator and ware house rings and monopolies, it is necessary to secure united and harmonious uetion through-out the entire state. Resolved, That in order to secur^ such united actiou, we deem it advisable to issue the following call: That we respeetfuOy recommend to the farmers of each county in the state of Minne sota, that they call conventions and elect or appoint three or more delegates to meet in 1 St. Paul on the 18th, 19th and 20th davs of March, 1884. That such delegates compose a farmers' state convention, the objects al which shall be to consult together upon the best means for securing united action in the coming fall elections. Resolved, That we invite the co-opeTatlon of all citizens,of whatsoever calling or profes sion, who would maintain personal liberty of the citizen, as against rings and monopo lies, elevator and warehouse extortion and discrimination. Resolved, That we respectfully request the publication of these preambles and reso lutions in the county papers, in the St. Paul Globe, St. Paul Pioneer Press and in all publications throughout the state which would defend the rights and privileges of the citizen. Action of the Polk County Partners. To the Editor of the Globe: Please insert the following In accordance with the request of the closing resolution: Preamble and resolutions of business men and wheat growers of Polk county, Minn., assembled at Fortier's hall, in the city of Crookston, February 2, 1884. WherBas, It is generally believed, and by many it is an established fact, that the pres ent elevator system as established and virtu ally maintained to the exclusion of all com petition by the St. Paul, Minneapolis & Man itoba Railroad company along it-* main lines and connecting branches, has worked ai*Ir reparable injury to the country, to the great Inconvenience and personal loss to a large portion of the wheat producers and business men throughout the northwest, and particu larly so to those in the Redriver valley; and, Whereas, It appears impossible through the present system to obtain a just or real value for our products at all times and which is in effect a monopoly under whose power and influence we are and have been for years subjected, and practically without a remedy to right the wrongs which are con tinually practiced upon the people; and Whereas, We b»?lieve it would ultimately result in the greatest good to both railroad company and all parties interested if an open competitive market was established with a liberal reduction from the present freight rates, together with terminal facilities that would enable the products of this country to pass through St. Paul aud Minneapolis to'the markets of the world without being subjected to unnecessary, oppressive and arbitrary changes; and Whereas, We are familiar with the fact that the wheat grown in the Red river valley is superior to that grown in" almost any other locality on the continent, and conseqentlv should return to its producer its comparative value, which, through the present syst.-m we are unable to obtain; therefore, Be it Resolved, By this body assembled that the urgent necessity for the immediate removal of all obstacles that are or appear to be iu the way to the unatetliato eiuoiment of an open, free and unobstructed avenue from the producer to the consumer through out the markets of the WOTld, offering an op portunity, and encouraging competition for our products, thereby widening and extend ing the already high appreciation of our wheat, which would result In the establish ment of a prosperous and contented people, with a wealthy and prosperous railroad. For the accomplishment of this sjreat and important end we earnestly solicit the hearty co-operation of the St. Paul, Minne apolis «fc Manitoba Railroad company believ ing they are competent to dissolve all bar riers that now exist between our present untenable situation to one of prosperity and contentment. Be it further Resolved. That a copv of these deliberations be forwarded to his excellency. Gov. Hubbard. General Manager Manvel, the St. Paul Dailt Gum, the Pioneer Pros*, all local papers and each organ ized assem bly throughout the Red river valk v, who have for their object the genera] good of the country at heart to the exclusion of monopo- l let TT M' R' Br,,vn»i I'r^idcnL J. T. Ha*ei.tixe. Secretary. Get your crayons made by the new artfet. Mantz. BRADLAUGH EXPELLED. He Tries to Take the Oath Himself ami the Speaki*r Stops Him—The Government Sits Still ami the Opposition l)o tho Work —Large Majorities Against His Re ception. London, F*»b. 11.—Henry Labouchera, member for Northampton, and Thomas Burt, member for Marphetli, accompanied Brad laugh to the table of the house of commons to-day. There Bradlaugh udmiuistered the oath to himself, and pl.ieed a signed paper on the tuble, bowing, as he did so, to the speaker. The latter informed Bradlauifh that he had not conformed u< the rales, and orderd him to withdraw until his conduct had been con sidered by the hoiue. feradlaugb withdrew under the peers' gallery. Gladstone made no motion, WhersttponNorthootte movedthat Bradlaugh be not permitted to take the oat!. Carried by to 107. Another motion was made try Northcote, that Bradlaugh be excluded froin the pre cincts of the home, which was carried by 228 to .10. Prior to the division ou the first motion, Gladstone said he could not deviate from the course previously panned. His opinion had not changed. It was not the duty of the executive iisrain nnd again to dis pute the decision of the hooM. L__OQO__m opposed the motion, saving it would prevent Bradlaugh from tukin_ his" seat, lilud-1 interrupting, said it occurred to the govern ment that if Bradlaugh should sit and vote, ?o as to raise the question of the penalty of government*, it might raise the question in a court of justice* as to whether Bradlaugh had taken the oath orctoL Laboucherc then expressed bis contempt lor any form of oath, which, he declared, waa a superstitious incautation. aud MnctimonlOUi sophistry. Thi* hypocrisy, he laid, Waa be ing exposed, ana it was his opinion that Bradlaugh would ultimately win. Forster depredated Bradlaugh's position. After fur thor remarks by Northoote, O'Douuell, mem ber for Dungarvon, pressed the speaker to say whether Bradlausrh should withdraw. The speaker said Bradlaugh had it taken the oath, and therefore could not be required to withdraw, the sume us s sworn memoir. Thomas Sexton, member for Sllgo county, moved before the house divided, that Lobou chere be excluded. The division WSI thea taken With the result already stated. When Uie tellers came to the table to report the in sult , Viscount Criehton announced fiat Bradlaugh had voted against the moLou* IUaly, member for Monaghan, thereupon moved that Bradlaugh's vote be canceled. Healy accused the government of being in Collusion With Bradlaugh. The motion car ried by 250 to 161, ft rad laugh a-raiu voting with the minority. lt was at this point thi division was taken on Nurthcotc's motion, that Bradlaugh bo excluded from the pre cincts of the house. NORTHWESTERN^ "DAIRYMEN, Great Preparation** tar tin* Twelfth Annual Session at Munkato. [Special Telcgrum to the Olobe.] Makkato, Feb. 11.—The crowd is begin ning to gather for the opening of the twelfth annual session of the northwestern dairy men's convention, which eveut will occur to-morrow. The board of trade committee, who have had charge of the preparations for entertaining the city's guests and the prepar ation of the room for holding the convention, have been very busy of late uud have thing9 in complete shape. The rebuilding of the old Opera house lias been accomplished, und an auditorium secured, capable of seating 1900 people, iu which the convention will sit. The busy scene in the corridors of the Manka*> to house resembles convention days when thj "grand old party" are gathering, only th< crowd has a more respectable look, and each individual seems to have some honest aim In life. The grand moguls of tiie associa tion are expected on tbe next train, and preparations for the largest crowd ever had have been made. Should the snow which has been falling heavily all day. not inter fere thi6 will be a successful meeting in points number at least. STILLWATER GLOBULES. A special term of the district court waa. help yesterday, Judge McClure presiding. The building on Myrtle street, formerly occupied by Charley Jackson as a barber shop, is to be fitted up for a saloon. There will be a meeting of the Relief asso ciation at the rooms of the Y. M. C. A., on Wednesday afternoon at 8 o'clock. It is desired that there shall be a good attend ance. It is understood that the Northwestern Manufacturing company will use their new paint shop for car building purposes. It is stated that Townsend & Co., have se cured a lease of the Stillwater flouring mills. The recent survey of certain lots on the west side of Main street ha* brought to light the fact that neither of the buildings stood where they properly belonged, which places the owners of the property in rather an unpleasant predteament. The only way the difficulty can be settled is for each of "the owners to move thair buildings to where they properly belong. The premises referred to comprises four lots, no two Of which belong to one person. It is under stood that two of the interested parties would be willing: to unite in erecting bulld insrs more suitable to that locality than those which have caused the present little breeze. On Sunday afternoon a resident of the ror b h:il hind a span of hoises and a cutter at the livery barn of Fansos X (,' >., i n 8e<•• ond street. In the evening Ou t *; m was sent home n charge of another man. who states that he had driven but a short dlstaooe when tbe horses became unmanagablc and ran away. While running at a high rate of speed one of the span came in contact with a telegraph pole, striking it *.*5ith such force as to cause the death of the animal in a short time. The driver states that he was doing all in his power to cheek the speed of the runaways when the accident occurred. BKITISH GKAIN MARKET. V n [Western Associated Press.] Los-nos, Feb. 11.—The .Mark Lane Express, fn Its weekly review of the British grain trade,says: ilild weather continues, with sharp storms ot rain and hail. The wheat crop remains In excel lent condition, but the demand is wretchedly doH. At to-day's market^ flour wag weaker. Barley fa neglected, and the trade in off stands unim proved. The higher quations in America have not influenced the market here ~ Maiee Is dull, and sound maize is rather weaker. Cargoes off coast are small, five cargoes ar rived; four sold, four remained, including one No. 1 California. Iu cargoes on the passage there is rather more doing. Sellers of No. 1 California, appear willing to sell at 403. Sales of English wheat during the week, 49,803 quarters, at 37s, 3d per qnar. ter, against 53,130 quarters at 40s 8d for the corresponding week of last year. The St. Paul Odorless Excavating company added itself to the sanitary protections of the city yesterday.