Newspaper Page Text
The Rise and Pro gress of a Great Newspaper. From Small Beginnings It Reaches a New and to % portant Transfor mation Era. Some Description of Its Equipment and How a Newspaper is Made. The New "Globe" Press That Prints Two Hundred and Fifty Eight-Page Pa pers Per Minute. White Paper Transformed into Fifteen Thousand Copies of a Newspaper, Cut, Folded and Pasted Per Hour. A History of the Wonderful Progress Made iu Printing: Machinery Since the Days of Ben. Franklin in 1800. The "Globe" Keeping Pace With the Flour ishing City Which it is Proud to Call its Home. On a cold winter morning, January 15th. 1878, the first issue of the St. Paul Dalli Globe was presented to the public. Since that date, without the intermission of a single day, Sunday or holiday, the Globe has made its morning round, and, from small beginnings, has now reached metropolitan proportions. When the Globe began it had many well wishers, but comparatively few had faith in its being able to fight its way to success. The point which it has now reached was even beyond the real expectation of its projector, though the secret hope was entertained that ii would some time be able to tell such a storj as is ihis moaning recounted in these columns. It is not necessary to detaiu the public by recounting the early struggle and the contin ous labor which has been required to bring the Globe to the position which it occupies to-day. It is sufiieient to say that the sue. eess has been secured and the record is given herewith. Iu June, 1S81, the St. Paul Globe Printing company was organized with the following officers: President—H. II. Sibley. Vice President—P. H. Kelly. Treasurer—Albeit Scheffer. Secretary—Ansel Oppenheim. General Manager—H. P. Hall. This organization remains without change save that at the end of the first year Mr. Hall was also made secretary of the company. The Globe has among its directors and stockholders, besides those named above, Col. A. Allen, Commodore N. W. Kittson, Gen. It. W. Johnson, Col. Wm. Crooks, Col. DeGraff, Crawford Livingston, R. L. Frazee, P. II. Rahilly, John F. Meagher and others, mak ing an association of gentlemen which com mand the respect and confidence of all who know them. The capital stock is now §150,000, nearly fifty thousand of which is now being ex pended in inagurating the "new era." The invention of printing machinery has reached such proportions that no eomplete newspaper can be made without it. It was with this view the Globe company decided to purchase, at a cash outlay of thirty thousand dollars, the magnificent press Which is depicted upon this page. To make the institution complete it was further resolved to obtain a site and erect a building, expressly for the Globe. A lot was accordingly pur chased on Fourth street, one hundred feet above the corner of Fourth and Wabashaw, and on that site a fine five or six story block will be erected the present season. Upon the rear of this lot a separate building has already been erected for the magnifi cent press and the Globe was issued upon the new machine, for the first time upon last Sunday morning. The press is from the celebrated establish ment of R. Hoe & Co., of New York, the most famous press manufacturers in the world. Wiih unlimited capital at their comand, this firm has, through the invention of its own employes, and the purchase of improvements from other sources, secured every advantage which is known in printing machinery up to this date. The last patent upon the Globe press was obtained in Julv 18S3, and that invention, with all previous im provements, will be found concentrated in he wonderful piece of mechanism which produces this issue. Upto this date but three machines have Been produced containing all of these mod ern improvements, and the Globe was suffi ciently fortunate to obtain one of the three machines. SIBLET—KITTSON". As all new productions are entitled to a christening, it has been decided to christien this beautiful, wondrous piece of mechan ism the LSIBLEY-KITTSON PRESS. in honor of Minnesota's distinguished citl l.u, the much beloved president of the ccm- pany, Gen. H. H. Sibley, and his life-long friend, Commodore N. W. Kittson. The material aid and wise counsel oi Gen. H. H. Sibley has done much, perhaps more than any other one thing, to place the Globe up on its present proud and substantial basis. In his efforts in this direction he en listed Mr. Kittson's aid, and it is fitting that the names of these two friends of half a cen tury, should be placed in golden letters upon the triumph of mechanical skill which has been brought into requisition to produce a newspaper, which the Globe trusts will be regarded as the pride of St. Paul and the Northwest. The advantages of the Globe in other re spects besides its mechanical facilities are ex tensive. In addition to its full membership in the Western Associated, it has a leased tel egraph wire extending from St. Paul to Chicago, New York and Wash ington. It employs telegraph opera tors at thfJse points, who transmit their news direct to the editorial rooms of the paper, where the click of the telegraph in strument resounds through the entire night. The growth of the Globe has required large additional space, and its editorial, telegraph, type setting and stereotyping departments now occupy a frontage of one hundred feet upon Wabashaw street. Spacious as these quarters are, they are but a temporary make shift, to be discarded as soon as the more commodious quarters can be erected. The Globe feels that it has a right to be prowd of what it has slready accomplished, but there are still "more worlds lo conquer," and it never proposes to stand still. To its multitude of friends and thous- J auds of readers it extends a cheerful greet ing this morning, and trusts that its endeav ors to supply the public with a first-class morning journal will be properly appreci ated. The pay roll alone of the Globe exceeds sevexty-fivje tuolsan'o dollvus pek vi:.u>. and when paper, telegraph and the multi tude of other expenses are added, some idcu can be formed of what is being done by tin i Globe company to supply the city aud state with a metropolitan journal. The Globe will continue, as it always has, the stalwart advocate of St. Paul and her material interests, and our highest ambition will be attained by making a newspaper worthy of the city. The Globe and St. Paul will grow together and remain for all time one and inseparable. HOW THE (tLOBE IS MADE. In no other branch of industry has there been such advancement of late years, as in the art preservative of all arts, and it is, per haps, not to be wondered at that so few, when reading the daily news over their morning coffee, have any idea of tlitf amount of labor involved in the production of a sin gle issue, or through how many hands the type has to pass L before its impress is placed upon the white paper for their enlightenment or entertainment. To describe the different processes so as to make the whole intelligible to the uninitiated reader is no easy task, but as many readers of the Globe will be interested in the matter, we will attempt a description. Come with us into the upper floor of the Globe office this afternoon, and we will take a brief view of the work in progress in the composing.room. Here are some fifty men busily engaged in preparing for their night's work, by distributing their cases. These "cases" are simply objong boxes about an inch and a half deep, partitioned off into compartments, one for each letter in the alphabet, with the nec essary figures, punctuation marks, and spac es or blanks. The men are nearly all young, few of them on the shady side of forty; for the printer seldom sticks to his case through life. He either seeks some other occupation or is worn out and dies before he reaches the meredian of human existence. The boys—for printers are always boys, no matter what their years—handle the type with great dexterity, which to one unfamiliar with the work seems marvellous. Distribu tion does not require close application, and while the types rattle into their appropriate places a constant fire of conversation is kept up. Keen and sometimes biting wit, quips and repartee serve to enliven the hours until the approach of twilight suggests the supper hour, and in a few minutes the rooms are deserted, save by a solitary man who remains to keep out intruders and see that nothing goes wrong. The composition hour approaches, and every man is at his post. The managing editor has meanwhile scanned the corre spondence of the day; the reporters have brought in the results of their researches, the ST. PAUL, MINN., THURSDAY MORNING FEBRUARY 14, 1884. writers of ponderous editorials and insignifi cant but entertaining nothings have submit ted the product of their brains, and there is an abundance of "copy," with which to start the night's work. For a few minutes before 7 o'clock if we enter the composing room we will be forcibly remindeded of Babel, so great and vociferous is the clamor of tongues. Just as the clock points the hour, the cry of "time" changes all. In an instant all is quiet, and save for the click of the types as they take their places in the stick at the bidding of deft fingers, scarce a sound is heard. Necessary questions are asked and answered in a subdued tone of voice, and everybody seems to be racing with everybody else to see who will accomplish the largest night's work. As each printer finishes his "take" orallot ment of copy he "dumps" it on "galleys" which will contain about a column each. As .fast as the galleys are filled young men, gen erally the apprentices, take an impression or proof of them. Here the proof-reader's work begins. He compares the proof before him with the original manuscript, marks all errors on the margin of the proof, and sends the type back to the printer for correction. The errors correcte d, the type is given in charge of the foreman or one of his assistants. When the time arrives for the make-up to begin the superintendent, who has meanwhile been arranging the copy with a view to having that set first which would be soonest needed, appears and under his directions the type is soon trans ferred from the galleys to the forms, each article in its proper place precisely a; it appears upon the print el page. This work requires not only a nice discrimination but quick perception and decision as well as coolness of judgment and rapidity of execution. In the make-up minutes and often seconds count, for the paper is yet far from com pleted, the early mails must be reached, and eaeh subscriber in the city must discuss the day's news while he sips his breakfast coffee. STEREOTYPING. As fast as a "form" or page of the paper is completed by the foreman it is turned over to the stereotypers. In the room occupied by these workmen begins the hottest time of the night in more senses than one. In one corner stands a furnace roaring and crackling, be the weather THE NEW HOE PERFECTING PRESS OF THE "ST. PAUL GLOBE." hot or cold, and a Luge caldron of molten type metal, a combination of lead, antimony and tin. Along side is the steam table, heated almost to the melting point, while all around are moving belts, whirling pulleys and rat ling machinery. The form received, the stereotypers lose no time in obtaining a mat rix. This is an ingenious process, and requires the utmost care, skill and expedi tion. First the face of the type is carefully brushed and oiled. Then a sheet of silk pa per properly dampened is placed upon it and pounded into it with course brushes until every outline of the type is perfectly reproduced. This is backed by dampened paper of a coarser grade, when the whole is placed on the steam table to dry. It is here placed under a heavy pressure, and at the end of four min utes the matrix is produced, "as dry as a chip." In less time than it takes to write the words the matrix is in the mould, and two stalwart men have poured the metal in, which, when hardened, presents an exact fac simile of a page of type, save that it is semi-cir cular in form, so as to be easily adjustable to the cylinders of the press. A steam knife cuts off all superfluous metal from the ends of the casting; a chisel removes projections here and there; a steam knife at a single stroke planes the plate to the exact thickness .required, and before the metal has become cool enough to handle with bare hands the plate is ready for the press. The process from first to last occupies from twelve to fifteen minutes. IN THE PRESS ROOM. From the stereotypers' department, which is upon the same floor with the composing and editiorial rooms, the stereotype plates are transported by elevator to the press room, lo cated in the rear of the main building. Here the first object of interest is the paper wetting machine. The white paper comes from the paper mill in huge rolls, weighing from five to eight hundred pounds. To prepare it for the press it is first run through the wetting machine. The paper is reeled about a hollow iron spin dle, and this roll is raised by machinery and put in place in the wetting machine. This machine is provided with a trough for water in which a grooved cylinder rapidly revolves. The paper is carried by a system of cylinders to the opposite end of the machine from where the dry roll is placed and fastened to an empty spindle, and then when the steam power is applied the paper is reeled from one cylinder to the other, passing be tween the cylinder carrying the water in the grooves and a larger, flat sur faced cylinder, thereby receiving the water in a Uniform manner. This wetting process is performed usually the day previous to the use of the roll. From the wetting machine the roll of Da- per is hoisted by a huge crane to the press, and the spindle in the center of the roll attached to its proper gearing in readiness to be wound through the press when all is prepared for printing. The stereotype plates which are cast in curved forms, are fastened to small cylin ders, four pages of the paper being fastened to one cylinder, and four to another. The white paper first passes between one cylinder, containing the stereo typed pages and a smooth surfaced cylinder thus making the impression upon one side of the sheet, and the paper continues to reel through between the next cylinder containing the next four pages of plates an d another smooth surfaced cylinder, thus giv ing the impression upon the other side, and the printed sheet is then com pleted. The next process is the cut ting of this sheet, printed on both sides, after which it passes iu a twinkling to the folder, and by delicate and intricate mechanism is cut, folded, pasted and delivered ready for delivery to the public. Some idea of the character of the machine can be formed from the fact that the new press from which the Globe was printed for the first time last Sunday will take the paper from the white roll ' as described and deliver at the other end of the press TWO HINDREDAICI) FIFTY jfpflBS PER MIXCTE, or FIFTEEN THOl^ANb PER HOUR, of a completed eight page paper, cut, folded and pasted. By a simple twist of the hand the machine can be adjusted to deliver' u our page sheet instead of an eight page and double the num ber are, of course produced, that is. five HUNDRED four page sheets per minute or THIRTY THOUSAND PER HOUR. By still another simple change a two page supplement is produced, and again the pro cess i.s multiplied, producing sixty thousand two page single folded sheets per hour. Any description of this wonderful inven tion is entirely inadequate. It needs to be seen in operation to be properly appreciated. Every cog, and journal, ami cylinder moves in exact harmony. They are adjusted with such nicety that the variation of a hair's breadth iu a single one would disarrange the whole, yet for hours the gre.it machine, com plex and seemingly intricate though it is. glides smoothly along making less noise than a cart on the street, yet speaking volumes for the ingenuity of American brains and the skill of American mechanics. The press is started with the utmost ease by pulling a lever with one hand, and every moment while it is in motion a man stands with his hand upon the lever ready to stop its motion in an instant if occasion re quires. To show how much progress has recently been made in the direction of compact con struction of printing presses it may be inci dentally mentioned that whereas the latest printing presses constructed in the great es tablishment of E. Hoe & Co., New York, three years ago occupied a space twenty-four feet by twelve, the last press built there—that noAV used by the Globe—with all the latest improvements, fills a space of but nine by sixteen feet, and can print at least 5,000 pa pers an hour more than any other machine of the kind previously constructed. It takes the labor of a large number of men for six months to construct one of these presses, and thus far but three with these latest improve ments have been built. An idea of the char acter of the machine may be formed from its cost, which, with its accompanying stereotyp ing and other outfits, is thirty thousand dol lars cash. From the press the papers pass to the hands of the mailing clerks and the city dis tributor. The former dextrously label each paper with the subscriber's name, wrap the packages for each town separately, and dis patch them in hot haste to the postoffice, where they are assorted in bags and sent by rail to their destination. The city distribu tor takes his allotment and apportions them out to his carriers, who, between 4 and 5 o'clock in the morning, start on their routes, that are sometimes long, and at this season always weary. As the reader scans the printed page this morning, does he realize how much labor it has taken to produce it? The city reporters have seoured^every nook and corner of St. Paul, to learn what has transpired during the preceding twenty-four hours; the political editors have diligently perused the current gossip and news of the day, and deduced therefrom their conclusions; the news editors have closely examined hundreds of exchang es, and from these culled such morsels and tid-bits of news, gossip and pleasantry as are calculated to please or instruct; the paragra phist has turned to account the most trivial circumstance; the correspondents have sent in their various budgets; the special and Associated Press wires have been freighted with news from all parts of the civilized world; the managing editor has inspected it all; the superintendent has ar ranged it; the printer has placed it in type; the nroof reader has marked the errors: the foreman has placed it in proper position in the pages; the stereotyper has transferred it from the type to a solid metal plate; the pressman has printed it, and the carrier has placed it at your door before you have shaken the sleep from your eyelids. In the preparation of each day's issue of the Globe no less than a hundred men are employed. Many of these are heads of families, and it is safe to say that the Globe supports no less than three hundred persons, and is thus no inconsidera ble part of the throng of producers who con tribute to the growth and prosperitv of St. Paul. PROGRESS OF PRINTING. Dio Lewis' monthly for January contains a sketch of the progress made in printing machinery, so appropriate that we copy it en tire as follows: The history of the printing press is the history of a wonder. With the daily paper it is important that everything connected with it should be quickly and well done. The pressing needs of the age require that the most perfect machinery should at all times be secured. It may be interesting to review for a moment the one matter of press ma chinery in order to see what a radical change has been made evenjin the past fourteen years in that department. Passing by the old Franklin Press, which was called so only because used by Franklin, it being really the old damage Press, with a capacity of 250 impressions per hour with the aid of two men, we came in the earlier decades oflthe present eentury to the Wash ington Press, worked like the Franklin, by hand, and capable of 250 to 300 Impressions an hour with two men, one to work the press, aud one to roll the type, applying the ink. Repeated attempts were made to contrive a power preis capable of doing the work as well aud more rapidly than the hand press, but for years no way was discovered. The daily paper was not a power in that day; it was a venture, and rather a weak one. In 1815 the London Times procured a Koniir's press, with a nominal capacity of 1,100 im pressions per hour, afterwards Increased v> 1,800. This press was iu use until 1827, when it was superseded by Applegate A: Cw per's, with a rate of 5,000 impressions per hour. This continued until 1S48, a period of about twenty-one years, when Applegate's improvements increased the rate to S,000 impressions per hour. It was in this year, (1848), that Hoe's Cylinder Press came into existence. The first one made was for the New York Sun, and had the rate of about 6.000 impressions per hour, and to quote from a histographer of the day, "was the ad miration of all the printers in the city of New York." Its fame was so great that one was immediately ordered for the London Times, aud with some improvements it was claimed to have a rate of 8,000 to 12,000 impressions an hour and was regarded as an immense triumph. January 1, 1849, witnessed the introduc tion of "Hoe's Lightning Press." One was ordered by the proprietor of the Philadelphia Ledger and the Baltimore Herald, the two papers at that date being owned by the same man, but the highest speed of this press was only 10,000 impressions per hour. By reason of bis success and the conse quent reputation attained, the "Lightning Press" was the only one in use for many years. Various improvements were made, so it could run at the rate of 15,000 impres sions an hour, and for twenty years this was the highest speed attained on any paper. During this time the name of Hoe had attained a world-wide reputation, and his presses were adopted by all the leading news? papers in the United States, and many in England and Scotland. By increasing the number of cylinders the capacity was in creased until with a ten cylinder press, with ten men to feed, a rate of 25,000 impressions per hour could be reached. But this was simply ten presses working on one great cylinder, and notwithstanding its excellences thirteen years ago, it is now discarded, and bears the very peculiar name of the "old threshing machine." The demand for latest news began to reach herculean proportions, and in 186S the. Wal ter Press was imported from England, where it had superseded the Hoe on the London Times. Up to this date the impressions had been made on one side only. The paperwas then turned over, new forms adjusted, or another press used, and the impression for the second side taken. In the Walter Press the paper dropped out printed on both sides. The press claimed a capacity in 1875 of 11,000 papers an hour, or 22,000 impres sions. The same year the Bullock came into the field, with a capacity equal to the Walter,and a strong rivalry began. For many years Hoe had rested on his laurels, but when he found a press in the markets which printed on both sides, he brushed the dust from his eyes, and stepped ahead with the Hoe Perfecting Press. It gave 12,000 Daners an hour, and aa lata « 1R7? this was the highest rate of speed which any press had reached, and the triumph of genius was again awarded to Hoe. In 1S77 the Bullock, with a life infused by rivalry, struck off with ease 20,900; complete papers an hour from one press, and the work was done in such a way as could be verified by the looker-on. But the whirlwind of improvements was not yet at its height. In 1879 a Scott Press was born in Chicago, and the first one built was to have a capacity fifty per cent greater than either a Bullock, a Walter, or a Hoe. It began to rapidly supersede all of them. Its capacity was 30,000 newspapers, printed, cut, and folded—60,000 impressions in an hour. This is so recent that no cyclopedia or dictionary has as yet embraced it, and in 1881 it had received various touches of im provement so that it reached the actual fig ures of 32,000 papers ready for the carrier inside of sixty minutes. Hoe could not endure such a rival, and did a wise thing, bought him out. The improvements have been so rapid, and the iuterval of time so short, that it will be of interest to show in tabular form, the almost incredible strides that have been taken in even the past thirteen years. Tear. Name. Capacity 1800 —Franklin 250 impression 1800 —Washington 300 bapieMloim 1814—Konig 1,100 to 1,800 impressions 1827—Applegate 5,000 impression" 1&4S—Applegate 8,000 impressions 1W8—Hoc cylinder...6,000to 8,000 impressions 1849—Hoe lightning 10,000 impression 1800 —Hoe lightning 15,000 tmpreasious 1807—Hoe ten cylinder 25,000 impressions (868—Walter 11,000 complete papers. 1875—Bullock 11,000 " " | 1875—Hoe 12,000 '♦ " I 1877—Bullock 20,000 « « I 1879—Scott 30,000 " " 1881— " 32,000 " « Sixty-four thousands impressions, thirty two thousand newspapers cut, folded and ready for the counter or the newsboy hi one j hour, as compared with what was Considered : the matchless lightning press, and this again compared with what W*fl done twenty years before, fills the mind with wonder. [The above record is only carried to 1881. 1 Since then K. Hoe & Co. have purchased the Scott patents, and have made still additional ones, all of which are combined in the Globe ina . chine.—Ed. Globe.J At a banquet last night at the unveiling rf 1 a statue of Lord Beaconsfield, Salisbury and . Northeote reviewed the situation in England, I which was not complimentary to the miu ' Welcoming Archbishop Feehan. [Special Telegram to the Globe. | Chicago, Feb. 13.—The most Rev. Arch bishop Feehan will arrive in Chicago Sunday afternoon, Feb. 17, over the Ft. Wayne road, after his trip to Rome. A grand procession, composed of sixty-eight Roman Catholic societies and the clergy of the city, will meet his grace at the union depot in a body. On the arrival of the train, the societies will march through the principal streets to the cathedral, at the corner of State and Superior streets, where appropriate ceremonies and a benediction will be gone through with; after which the procession will move to the arch bishop's residence. Here the line will dis band. A company of Hibernian rifles will enjoy the honor of escorting the archbishop's carriage throughout the march. How the Wind Blows. Sax Francisco, feb. 13.—Twenty-five hundred circulars were sent from Sacramen to to the Democrats of the 6tate, inquiring their preference for a presidential candidate. A dispatch to-day says, 1,000 answers are received, giving 800 for Tilden, 195 for Thurman and five for Field. • '- CLOTHIEB8. A Spring Pointer! i No. 1 goes to a tailor and has his Spring Suit or Overcoat "Made to Order;" buys his Spring Hat at an exclusive Hat Store; pays for entire outfit about $55. No. 2 goes to a reliable Clothing House, selects his Suit or Overcoat, tries it on and purchases it; he also buys a stylish Spring Hat at Clothing House; cost of entire outfit about $28. No. 2>s Suit or Overcoat is made from the identical same goods as No. 1, and the general make-up and fit is equally as good. His garments look as stylish and wear as well as No. l's and he is $27 ahead by being sensible. Spring will soon be here, why not be sensible? BOSTSNone-PriDfiCLDTHINGHOUSE 0or. Third.and Robert Streets, St. Paul. NO. 45. A Chinese Thief Arrested. I Special Telegram to the Globe. J Chicago, Feb. 13.—Sing Win•: wm rested this morning when he stepped off I 10:45 train at the Northwestern depot. I: - arrest was caused by the marshal of Jane. - ville, Wis. Sing Wing is accused of stealiu _ $50 from his cousin, a "washe" of Jan ville. "When brought to East Chicago A\ station he was searched, and in one p was found $66. "That allee" said Hng. Another pocket was searched revealing | more. Anothrr search in his boots brought $20 more- Sing hail nothing more to sa\, and was placed in a cell to await the arrival of City Marshal Hogan, of Janesville. A Challenge. Cleveland, O., Feb. 13.—The following formal challenge will be issued to-mom>w to the champion pugilist, Sullivan: Cleveland. O., February 14th. —I, Duncan C. Ross, will match Mervine Thompson, of this city, to spar John L. Sullivan, with hard gloves to a finish, for from $1,000 to $5,000. Ring rule, to govern. I will deposit the money in the Ohio National bank or with. Any responsible party agreeable to Mr. Sullivan, as soon as notified of his acceptance. Any communi'a tiou addressed to this city will be attended to. [Signed] Ducan C. Ross. The man and money are ready to meet Sullivan at auy time or place he may name. Some of the soldiers and women and child ren from Sinkat escaped, and have arrived at Suakim. MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS. MUSIC HOUSE. PIANOS, ORGANS, BANJOS, FLUTES, GUITARS, VIOLINS, SHEET MUSIC, BRASS BAND SUPPLIES, And everything in the Music Una at LOWES1 e'RlCES. 148 & 150 East Thirdftt. AMUSFMENT3. Grand OperaJouse! L. N. SCOTT, Manager. St. Pi's Opt Festiyal Three IHgkM>»d n Cr.ini! SVurduj MutUi.v commencing TO-DAY r The Great New York English OPERA COMPANY, Will give the beautiful Opera Queen's Lace Handkerchief. Firnt time in our city. During this notable week the Incandescent Light will illuminate theentin Opera house, taking the place of ga*. All attend and see the combined work of nature and art. No Increuse in price*, but the usual $1.00, 75c, 50c and 866. .Seats now on sale at box office. llfflB OPERA HOUiT L. N. SCOTT, .... Manager Three (3) Night?, commencing MONDAY, FEU. 18. Matinee Wednesday, at 5J p. m. THE GREAT NEW YORK SUCCESS. A BOOM OF LAUGHTER. MIIaiyMoipj Presenting Edward Harrigan's latest gurcesi McSORLEY'S INFLATION ! With a Company of Comedians. All the Original scenic effects. AH the Orlg* nal Songs und Music. The Salvation Army. Th« Charleston Blues. I Never Drink Behind th« Bar. McNally's Row of Flats. The Muddy Day The Market on Saturday Night. Golden Choir The Old Feather Bed. Bunch of Berries. Prices—81.00, 75c, 50c and 25c. Sale of seats commences Saturday, 9 a. m. ~AGRANJD~ Skating Exhibition. Will be given at the St. Paul Skating Rink, Cor. 13th and Cedar street9, Thursday Evening, Feb. 14 John M. Cook of Detroit, and Champion of tli Northwest, and Prof. J. S. Thompson, Champiu' of Montreal, will give exhibitions. An evening of sport. Admission, 50 cents. To holders of seasc tickets, 25 cents.