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St. Paul daily globe. [volume] (Saint Paul, Minn.) 1884-1896, February 14, 1884, Image 2

Image and text provided by Minnesota Historical Society; Saint Paul, MN

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn90059522/1884-02-14/ed-1/seq-2/

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The Rise and Pro
gress of a Great
From Small Beginnings It
Readies a New and Im
portant Transfor
mation Era.
&omc Description of Its
Equipment and How
a Newspaper
is Made.
The New "Globe" Press That
Prints Two Hundred and
Fifty Eight-Page Pa
pers Per Minute.
White Paper Transformed into
Fifteen Thousand Copies of a
Newspaper, Cut, Folded and
Pasted Per Hour.
A History of the Wonderful Progress
Made in Printing Machinery
Since the Days of Ben.
Franklin in 1800.
The "Globe" Keeping Pace With the Flour
ishing City Which it is Proud to
Call its Home.
On a cokl winter morning, January 15th,
1878, the first issue of the St. Paul Daily j
Globe whs presented to the public.
Since that date, without the intermission
of a single day, Sunday or holiday, the Globe
has made its morning round, and, from small
beginnings, has now reached metropolitan
When the Globe began it had many well
wishers, but comparatively few had faith in
its being able to light its way to success. The
point which it has now reached was even
beyond tlie real expectation of its projector,
though the secret hope was entertained that it
Would some time be able to tell such a story
as is ibis morning recounted in these
It is not necessary to detain the public by
recounting the early struggle and the contin
ous labor which has been required to bring
the Globe to the position which it occupies
to-day. it is sufficient to say that the sue.
cuss has been secured and the record is giveu
In June, ISSI. the St. Paul Globe Printing
company was organized with the following
President—H. H. Sibley.
Vice President—P. H. Kelly.
Treasurer—Albert Scheffer.
Secretary—Ansel Oppenheim.
General Manager—H. P. Hull
This organization remains without change
save that at the end of the first year Mr.
Hall was also made secretary of the company.
The Globe has among its directors
and stockholders, besides those named
above, Col. A. Allen, Commodore
N. W. Kittson, Gen. R. W.
Johnson, Col. "Win. Crooks, Col. DeGraff,
Crawford Livingston, R. L. Frazee, P. H.
Rabilly, John F. Meagher and others, mak
ing au association of gentlemen which com
mand the respect and conlidenee of all who
know them.
The capital stock is now $1 .".0,000, nearly
fifty thousand of which is now being ex
peudedjn inaguratingthe "new era."
The invention of printing machinery has
reached such proportions that no complete
newspaper can be made without it. It was
with this view the Globe company
decided to purchase, at a cash outlay of
thirty thousand dollars, the magnificent press
Which is depicted upon this page.
To make the institution complete it was
further resolved to obtain a site and
erect a building, expressly for the
Globe. A lot was accordingly pur
chased on Fourth street, one hundred feet
above the corner of Fourth and Wabashaw,
and on that site a fine live or six story block
will be erected the present season. Upon
the rear of this lot a separate building Las
already been erected fur the magnifi
cent press and the Globe was
issued upon the new machine, for the first
time upon last Sunday morning.
The press is from the celebrated establish
ment of R. Hoe & Co., of New York, the most
famous press manufacturers in the world.
"Wiih unlimited capital at their eomand this
firm has, through the invention of its
own employes, and the purchase
of improvements from other sources, secured
every advantage which is known in printing
machinery up to this date. The last patent
upon the Globe press was obtained in July
18S3, and that invention, with all previous im
provements, will be found concentrated in
jhe wonderful piece of mechanism which
produces this issue.
Up to this date but three machines have
Deen produced containing all of these mod
em improvements, and the Globe was suffi
ciently fortunate to obtain one of the three
As all new productions are entitled to a
Christening, it has been decided to christien
this beautiful, wondrous piece of mechan
in honor of Minnesota's distinguished citi
|.n, the much beloved president of the com-,
pany, Gen. H. 11. Sibley, and his life-long
friend, Commodore N. W. Kittson. The
material aid and wise counsel oi Gen. H. H.
Sibley has done much, perhaps more than
any other one thing, to place the Globe up
on its present proud and substantial basis.
In his efforts in this direction he en
listed Mr. Kittson's aid, and it is fitting that
the names of these two friends of half a cen
tury, should be placed in golden letters upon
the triumph of mechanical skill which has
been brought into requisition to produce a
newspaper, which the GLOBE trusts will be
regarded as the pride of St. Paul and the
The advantages of the Globe in other re
spects besides its mechanical facilities are ex
tensive. In addition to its full membership
in the Western Associated, it has a leased tel
egraph wire extending from St. Paul
to Chicago, New York and Wash
ington. It employs telegraph opera
tors at thfJse points, who transmit
their news direct to the editorial rooms of the
paper, where the click of the telegraph in
strument resounds through the entire night.
The growth of the Globe has required larire
additional space, and its editorial, telegraph,
type yetting and stereotyping departments
now occupy a frontage of one hundred feet
upon Wabashaw street.
Spacious as these quarters are, they are but a
temporary make shift, to be discarded a- soon
as the more commodious quarters can be
The Globe feels that it has a right to be
prowd of what it has slready accomplished,
but there are still "more worlds
lo conquer," and it never proposes to stand
still. To its multitude of friends and thous
j ands of readers it extends a cheerful greet
ing this morning, and trusts that its endeav
ors to supply the public with a first-class
morning journal will be properly appreci
The pay roll alone of the Globe exceeds
and when paper, telegraph and the multi
tude of other expenses are added, some idea
can be formed of what is being done by tin
Globe company to supply the city
aud state with a metropolitan journal.
The Globe will continue, as it always has,
the stalwart advocate of St. Paul and her
material interests, and our highest ambition
will be attained by making a newspaper
worthy of the city.
The Globe aud St. Paul will grow together
and remain for all time oue aud inseparable.
In no other branch of industry has there
been such advancement of late years, as in
the art preservative of all arts, and it is, per
haps, not to be wondered at that so few,
when reading the daily news over their
morning coffee, have any idea of the! amount
of labor involved in the production of a sin
gle issue, or through how mauy hands the
type has to pass L before its impress is
placed upon the white paper for
their eulightenmeut or entertainment.
To describe the different processes so as to
make the whole intelligible to the uninitiated
reader is no easy task, but as many readers of
the Globe will be interested iv the matter,
we will attempt a description.
Come with us into the upper floor of the
Globe office this afternoon, and we will take
a brief view of the work in progress in the
composing room. Here are some fifty men
busily engaged in preparing for their night's
work, by distributing their cases. These
"cases" are simply objong boxes
about an inch and a half
deep, partitioned off into compartments, one
for each letter in the alphabet, with the nec
essary figures, punctuation marks, and spac
es or blanks. The men are nearly all young,
few of them on the shady side of forty; for
the printer seldom sticks to his case through
life. He either seeks some other occupation
or is worn out and dies before he reaches the
meredian of human existence.
The boys—for printers are always boys, no
matter what their years—handle the type
with great dexterity, which to oue unfamiliar
with the work seems marvellous. Distribu
tion does not require close application, and
while the types rattle into their appropriate
places a constant fire of conversation is kept
up. Keen and sometimes biting wit, quips
and repartee serve to enliven the hours until
the approach of twilight suggests the supper
hour, and in a few minutes the rooms are
deserted, save by a solitary man who remains
to keep out intruders and see that nothing
goes wrong.
The composition hour approaches, and
every man is at his post. The managing
editor has meanwhile scanned the corre
spondence of the day; the reporters have
brought in the results of their researches, the
writers of ponderous editorials and insignifi
cant but entertaining nothings have submit
ted tbo product of their brains, and there is
an abundance of "copy," with which to start
the night's work. For a few minutes before
7 o'clock if we enter the composing room we
will be forcibly remindeded of Babel, so
great and vociferous is the clamor of
tongues. Just as the clock points
the hour, the cry of utime" changes all. In
an instant all is quiet, and save for the click
of the types as they take their places in the
stick at the bidding of deft lingers, scarce a
sound is heard. Necessary questions are
asked and answered in a subdued tone of
voice, and everybody seems to be racing with
everybody else to see who will accomplish the
largest night's work.
As each printer finishes his "take" orallot
ment of copy he '-dumps" it on "galleys"
which will contain about a column each. Aa
.fast as the galleys are filled young men. gen
erally the apprentices, take an impression or
proof of them. Here the proof-reader's
work begins. He compares the
proof before him with the original
manuscript, marks all errors on the margin
of the projf, and sends the type back to the
piint r for correction. The errors correcte d.
tin- type i- given in charge of the foreman'or
one of his assistants. When the time arrives
for the make-up to begin the superintendent,
who has meanwhile been arranging the
copy with a view to having that set first
which would be soonest needed, appears and
under his directions the type is soon trans
ferred from the- galleys to the forms, each
article in its proper place precisely
a; it appears upon the print
el page. Tiiis work requires
not only a nice discrimination but quick
perception and decision as well as coolness
of judgment and rapidity of execution. In
the make-up minutes and often seconds
count, lor the paper is yet far from com
pleted, the early mails must be reached, and
each subscriber in the city must discuss the
day's news while he sips his breakfast collee.
As fast as a "form" or page of the paper
is completed by the foreman it is turned oyer
to the stereotypers. In the room occupied
by these workmen begins the hottest time of
the night in more senses than one. In one
corner stands a furnace roaring
and crackling, be the weather
hot or cold, and a huge caldron of molten
type metal, a combination of lead, antimony
and tin. Along side is the steam table, heated
almost to the melting point, while all around
are moving belts, whirling pulleys and rat
ling machinery. The form received, the
stereotyperslose no time in obtaining a mat
rix. This is an ingenious process, and
requires the utmost care, skill and expedi
tion. First the face of the type is carefully
brushed and oiled. Then a sheet of silk pa
per properly dampened is placed upon It and
pounded into it with course
brushes until every outline of
the type is perfectly reproduced. This
is backed by dampened paper of a coarser
grade, when the whole is placed on the steam
table to dry. It is here placed under a
heavy pressure, and at the end of four min
utes the matrix is produced, "as dry as a
chip." In less time than it takes to write
the words the matrix is in the mould, aud
two stalwart men have poured the metal in,
which, when hardened, presents an exact fac
simile of a page of type, save that it is semi-cir
cular in form, so as to be easily adjustable to
the cylinders of the press. A steam knife cuts
off all superfluous metal from the ends of the
casting; a chisel removes projections here
and there: a steam knife at a single
stroke planes the plate to the exact thickness
.required, and before the metal has become
cool enough to handle with bare hands the
plate is ready for the press. The process
from first to last occupies from twelve to
fifteen minutes.
From the stereotypers' department, which
is upon the same floor with the composing
and editiorial rooms, the stereotype plates are
transported by elevator to the press room, lo
cated in the rear of the main
building. Here the first object
of interest is the paper wetting machine.
The white paper comes from the paper mill
iv huge rolls, weighing from five to eight
hundred pounds. To prepare it for the press
it is first run through the wetting machine.
The paper is reeled about a hollow iron spin
dle, and this roll is raised by machinery aud
put in place in the wetting machine. * This
machine is provided with a trough for water in
which a grooved cylinder rapidly revolves.
The paper is carried by a system of cylinders
to the opposite end of the machine from
where the dry roll is placed and fastened to
an empty spindle, and then when the steam
power is applied the paper is reeled from one
cylinder to the other, passing be
tween the cylinder carrying the
water in the grooves and a larger flat sur
faced cylinder, thereby receiving the water in
a uniform manner. This wetting process is
performed usually the day previous to the use
of the roll.
From the wetting machine the roll of pa
per is hoisted by a huge crane
to the press, and the spindle in the
center of the roll attached to
its proper gearing in readiness to be wound
through the press when all is prepared for
The stereotype plates which are cast in
curved forms, are ."fastened to small cylin
ders, four pages of the paper being fastened
to one cylinder, and four to another. The
white paper first passes between
one cylinder, containing the stereo
typed pages and a smooth surfaced
cylinder thus making the impression upon
one side of tad the paper continues
to reel through between the next cylinder
containing the next four pages of plates an d
another smooth surfaced cylinder, thus giv
ing the impression upon the other side, and
the printed sheet is then com
pleted. The next process is the cut
ting of this sheet, printed on both sides, after
which it passes in a twinkling to the folder,
and by delicate aud intricate mechanism is
cut, folded, pasted and delivered ready for
delivery to the public. Some idea of the
character of the machine can be formed
from the fact that the new press from which
the Globe was printed for tin-first time
last Sunday will take the paper
from the white roll as described
and deliver at the other end of the press
completed eight page paper, cut. folded and
By a simple twist of the hand the machine
can be adjusted to deliver- a four pagi
instead of an eight page and doable the num
ber are, of course produced, that is. five
HUNDRED four page sheets - minute or
By still another simple change a two page
supplement is produced, and again the pro
cess is multiplied, producing sixty thousand
two page single folded sheets per hour.
Any description of this wonderful inven
Hon is entirely inadequate, ft needs to be
seen in operation to be properly appreciated.
Every cog, and journal, and cylinder moves
in exact harmony. They are adjusted with
such nicety that the variation of a hair's
breadth in a single one would disarrange the
whole, yet for hours the gre '. : laehine, com
plex and seemingly intricate though i: Is,
glides smoothly along makii • than
a cart on the street, yet speaking volumes for
the ingenuity of American brains and the
ski'i of American mechanics.
The press is started with the utmost ease
by pulling a lever with oue hand, and every
moment while it is in motion a man stands
with his hand upon the lever ready to stop
its motion in an instant if occasion re
To show how much progress has recently
been made in the direction of compact con
struction of printing presses it may be inci
dentally mentioned that whereas the latest
printing presses constructed in the great es
tablishment of K. Hoe & Co., New York,
three years a<ro occupied a space twenty-four
feet by twelve, the last press built there—that
nowusedbythe Globe—with all the latest
improvements, fills a space of but nine by
sixteen feet, and can print at least 5,000 pa
pers an hour more than any other machine
of the kind previously constructed. It takes
the labor of a large number of men for six
months to construct one of these presses, and
thus far but three with these latest improve
ments have been built. An idea of the char
acter of the machine may be formed from its
cost, which, with its accompanying stereotyp
ing and other outfits, is thirty thousand dol
lars cash.
From the press the papers pass to the
hands of the mailing clerks and the city dis
tributor. The former dextrously label "each
paper with the subscriber's name, wrap the
packages for each town separately, and dis
patch them in Lot haste to the postoflice,
where they are assorted in bags and sent by
rail to their destination. The city distribu
tor takes his allotment and apportions them
out to his carriers, who, between 4 and 5
o'clock in the morning, start on their
routes, that are sometimes long, and at this
season always weary.
As the reader scans the printed page this
morning, does he realize how much labor it
has taken to produce it? The city reporters
have scoured^every nook and corner of St.
Paul, to learn what has transpired during the
preceding twenty-four hours; the political
editors have diligently perused the current
gossip and news of the day, and deduced
therefrom their conclusions; the news editors
have closely examined hundreds of exchang
es, and from these culled such morsels aud
tid-bits of news, gossip and pleasantry as are
calculated to please or instruct; the paragra
phist has turned to account the most trivial
circumstance; the correspondents have
sent in their various budgets;
the special and Associated Press wires have
been freighted with news from all parts of
the civilized world; the managing editor has
inspected it all; the superintendent has ar
ranged it; the printer has placed it in type;
the proof reader has marked the errors; the
foreman has placed it in proper position in
the pages: the stereotypic has transferred it
from the type to a solid metal plate; the
pressman has printed it, and the
carrier has placed it at your door
before you have shaken the sleep
from your eyelids. In the preparation of
each day's issue of the Globe no less than a
hundred men are employed. Many of these
are heads of families, and it is safe to say
that the Globe supports no less than three
hundred persons, and is thus no inconsidera
ble part of the throng of producers who con
tribute to the growth and prosperity of St.
T)io Lewis' monthly for January contains a
sketch of the progress made in printing
machinery, so appropriate that we copy it en
tire as follows:
The history of the printing press is the
history of a wonder. With the daily paper it
is important that everything connected with
it should be quickly and well done. The
pressing needs of the age require that the
most perfect machinery should at all times
be secured. It may be interesting to review
for a moment the one matter of press ma
chinery in order to see what a radical change
has been made cVeii|in the past fourteen
years in that department.
Passing by the old Franklin Press, which
Was culled BO only because lived |,y Franklin,
it being really the old Ramage Press, with a
capacity of 250 impressions per hour with j
the aid of two men. we canfe in the earlier]
decades of the present century to the Wash)
ington Press, worked like the Franklin, by :
hand, and capable of ".'■"ill t<> 300 impressions
an hour with two men, one to work the |
and one to roil the type, applying the ink.
Repeated attempts were made to contrive ;
a power press capable of doing the work as
well and more rapidly than the hand press,
but for years no way was discovered. Tic
daily paper was not B power in that day: it ;
was a venture, and rather a weal: one. In '■
1815 the London Times procured a Konig's
press, with a nominal capacity of r,lOO im
pressions per hour, afterwards increased to
1,800. This press was in use until 1837, j
when it was superseded byApplegate A: Cow- '
per's, with a rate of 5,000 impressions per
This continued until IS4S, a period of
about twenty-one years, when Applegate'a
improvements increased the rate to 8,000
impressions per hour. It was in this year,
(1848), that Hoe's Cylinder Press came into
existence. The first one made was for the
New York Sun, and had the rate of about
0.000 impressions per hour, and to quote
from a histographer of the day, "was the ad
miration of all the printers in the city of
New York." Its fame was so great that one
was immediately ordered for the London
Times, and with some improvements it was
claimed to have a rate of 8,000 to 12,000
impressions an hour and was regarded as an
immense triumph.
January 1, IS4U, witnessed the introduc
tion of "Hoe's Lightning Press." One was
ordered by the proprietor of the Philadelphia
Ledger and the Baltimore Herald, the two
papers at that date being owned by the same
man, but the highest speed of this press was
only 10.000 impressions per hour.
By reason of his success and the conse
quent reputation attained, the "Lightning
Press" was the only one in use for many
years. Various improvements were made,
so it could run at the rate of 15,000 impres- ■
sions an hour, and for twenty years this was
the highest speed attained on any paper.
During this time the name of Hoe had
attained a world-wide reputation, and his
presses were adopted by all the leading newsr
papers in the United States, and many in
England and Scotland. By increasing the
number of cylinders the capacity was in
creased until with a ten cylinder press, with
ten men to feed, a rate of 25.000 impressions
per hour could be reached. But this was
simply ten presses working on one great
cylinder, and notwithstanding its excellences
thirteen years ago, it is now discarded, and
bears the very peculiar name of the "old
threshing machine."
The demand for latest news began to reach
herculean proportions, and in 1 SOS the,"Wal
ter Press was imported from England, where
it had superseded the Hoe on the London
Times. Up to this date the impressions had
been made on one side only. The paperwas
then turned over, new forms adjusted, or
another press used, and the impression for
the second side taken. In the Walter Press
the paper dropped out printed on both sides.
The press claimed a capacity in 1575 of
11,000 papers an hour, or 22,000 impres
The same year the Bullock came into the
field, with a capacity equal to the "Walter, and
a strong rivalry began.
For many years Hoe had rested on his
laurels, but when he found a press in the
markets which printed on both sides, he
brushed the dust from his eyes, and stepped
ahead with the Hoe Perfecting Press. It gave
12,000 papers an hour, and as late as 1877
this was the highest rate of speed which any
press had reached, and the triumph of genius
was again awarded to Hoe.
In 1577 the Bullock, with a life infused by
rivalry, struck off with ease "20,000. complete
papers an hour from one press, and the work
was done in such away as could be verified
by the looker-on.
But the whirlwind of improvements was
not yet at its height. In 1879 a Scott Press
was born in Chicago, and the first one built
was to have a capacity fifty per cent greater
than either a Bullock, a Walter, or a Hoe.
It began to rapidly supersede all of them.
Its capacity was 30,000 newspapers, printed,
cut, and folded —60,000 impressions in an
hour. This is so recent that no cyclopedia
or dictionary has as yet embraced it, aud in
ISSI it had received various touches of im
provement so that it reached the actual fig
ures of 33,000 papers ready for the carrier
inside of sixty minutes.
Hoe could not endure such a rival, and
did a wise thing, bought him out.
The Improvements have been so rapid,
and the Interval of time so short, that it will
be of interest to show in tabular form, the
almost incredible strides that have been
taken in even the past thirteen years.
Year. Name. Capacity
1800—Franklin 250 impressions
1800 —Washington 300 impressions
1814—Sonig 1.100 to I,Booimpressions
1887 —Applegate 5,000 impressions
1848—Applegate 8,000 Impressions
1848—Hoe cylinder.. .0,000 to 8,000 impressions
1849—Hoe lightning 10.000 impressions
1800 —Hoe lightning 15,000 impressions
IHO7 —Hoe ten cylinder -5,000 Impressions
1868 -Walter 11,000 complete papers.
it--..-)—n v Hock n.ooo
1876—Hoe 12,000 " "
1877—Bullock »0,000 " -
1879—Scott 30,000 " "
1881— " 32,000 •« "
Sixty-four thousands impressions, thirty
two thousand newspapers out, folded and
ready for the counter or the newsboy in one
hour. as compared with what was considered
the matchless lightning press, and this again
compared with what was done twenty years
before, fills the mind with Wonder.
[The above record is only carried to 1881
then R. Hoe Jb Co. have purchased the
patents, and have made still additional
ones, all of which :ire combined iv the Oi.obe ma
chine.—En. Globs.]
At a banquet last night at the unveiling rf
a statue of Lord Beaconsfield, Salisbury and
Northcote reviewed the situation in England.
which was not complimentary to the mlv
Welcoming Archbishop Feehan.
[Special Telegram to the Globe.|
CHICAGO, Feb. 13.—The most Rev. Arch
bishop Feehan will arrive in Chicago Sunday
afternoon, Feb. 17, over the Ft. Wayne road,
after his trip to Rome. A grand procession,
composed of sixty-eight Roman Catholic
societies and the clergy of the city, will meet
his grace at the union depot in a body. On
the arrival of the train, the societies will
march through the principal streets to the
cathedral, at the corner of State and Superior
streets, where appropriate ceremonies and a
benediction will be gone through with; after
which the procession will move to the arch
bishop's residence. Here the line will dis
band. A company of Hibernian rifles will
enjoy the honor of escorting the archbishop's
carriage throughout the march.
How the Wind Blows.
San- Francisco, Feb. 13.—Twenty-five
hundred circulars were sent from Sacramen
to to the Democrats of the state, inquiring
their preference for a presidential candidate.
A dispatch to-day says, 1,000 answers are
received, giving 800 for Tilden, 195 for
Thurmau and five for Field.
No. 1 goes to a tailor and has his Spring Suit or Overcoat "Made
to Order;" buys his Bpring Hat at an exclusive Hat Store; pays for
entire outfit about $55. No. 2 goes to a reliable Clothing House,
selects his Suit or Overcoat, tries it on and purchases it; he also
buys a stylish Spring Hat at Clothing House; cost of entire outfit
about $28. No. 2's Suit or Overcoat is made from the identical
same goods as No. 1, and the general make-up and fit is equally as
good. His garments look as stylish and wear as well as No. l's
and he is $27 ahead by being sensible. Spring will soon be here,
why not be sensible?
Cor. Third.and Robert Streets, St. Paul.
NO. 45
A Chinese Thief Arrested.
I Special Telegram to the Globe. J
Chicago, Feb. 13.—Sing \\\nz was
rested this morning when he stepped off I
10:45 train at the Northwestern depot
arrest was caused by the marshal of J
villc, Wis. Sing Wing is accused of sti
$50 from his cousin, a "washe" of -I
ville. When brought to East Chicago A
station he was searched, and in one ;
was found $»>t). "That allee" said B
Another pocket was searched revealing I
more. Auothrr search in his boots DP _
?'JO more- Sing had nothing more to say,
and was placed in a cell to await the arrival
of City Marshal Hogan, of Janesvilk.
A Challenge.
Cleveland. 0., Feb. 13. — The following
formal challenge will be issued to-morrow to
the champion pugilist, Sullivan: Cleveland.
0., February 14th.—I, Duncan C. Ross, will
match Nervine Thoiupson, of this city, to
spur John L. Sullivan, with hard gloves to o
fiuish, for from $1,000 to $5,000. Rim: rule
to govern. I will deposit the money in the
Ohio National bank or with. Any responsible
party agreeable to Mr. Sullivan, as soon as
notified of his acceptance. Any communica
tion addressed to this city will be attended
to. [Signed] Dncan C. Ross. The man and
money are ready to meet Sullivan at uuy
time or place he may name.
Some of the soldiers aud women and child
ren from Siukat escaped, and have arrived
at Suakiin.
And everything in the Music line at LOWES I
148 & 150 East Thirdflt.
Grand Opera House!
L. N. SCOTT, Manager.
St. Paul's Optic Mai
Three Nights 'tnd n (Jr.unl - . „ sttitfiwe
The Great New York English
Will give the beautiful opera
Queen's Lace Handkerchief.
Kir-' time in our city. Daring thi< notuble free I
the Incandescent Light will illuminate theentln
Opera house, taking the place of gas. All attend
vial see the combined work of nature and art.
No increase in prices, but the usual $1.00, Tsc,
50c and 25c.
Seats now on sale at box office.
L. N. SCOTT, .... Manager,
Three (3) Ni?ht=, commencing MONDAY, FKii.
18. Matinee Wednesday, at 2p. m.
Presenting Edward Harrigan's latest suecesi
With a Company of Comedians.
All the Original scenic effects. All the Orlgi*
nal Songs and Music. The Salvation Army. Th«
Charleston Blues. I Never Drink Behind the
Uur. McN'ally's How of Fhits. The Muddy Da;
The Market on Saturday Night. Golden Choir
The Old Feather Bed. Bunch of Berries.
Prices— 81.00, 75c, 50c and 25c.
Sale of seats commences Saturday, 9 a. m.
Skating Exhibition.
Will be given at the
St. Paul Skating Rink,
Cor. 13th and Cedar streets,
Thursday Evening, Fob. 14
John M. Cook of Detroit, and Champion of th'
Northwest, and I'rof. J. S. Thompson, Chaniplo;
of Montreal, will give exhibitions.
An evening of sport.
Admission, 50 cents. To holders of seasc
tickets, 25 cents.

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