How Arthur's Lieutenants are
Working in His Interest.
Slipshod Work in the House—Serious
Mistakes by the Democrats.
The National Democratic Committee Favor
able to Chicago.
[Special Telegram to the Globe. |
Washington, Feb. 17.—When the digni
fied and portly form of the secretary of the
treasury elbowed its way through the crowds
of loungers at Willard's hotel to-night, the
Bpectacle was sounusual that the observation,
"Hello, there's Judge Folger," was almost
Immediately followed by tin? query, "What
brings him here?" Of all men in public
life, he is the last whom one would expect to
■cc in the rotunda of any hotel. But the
crowd was 1< ft in wonderment for only a few
moments. A bell boy went quickly
up stairs with the judge's
card, and in an incredibly short period Jesse
Spauldinir, of Chicago, appeared on the
scene. The two gentlemen exchanged cord
ial greetings and then ascended to Mr.
Spauldinjj's room. Mr. Spauldinghas been
very reticent as to the nature of his visit.
Enough is known, however, to justify the
Statement that it is for the purpose of con
sulting with Geneial Arthur's more imme
diate fri- nds as to tic bes Jmcthod of securing
the C >ok county delegates to the
national convention. Just what in
ducements shall be held out to effect
their purpose is the question which the ad
ministration must decide. It is also known
that the Twentieth district, represented by
Mr. Thomas, is expected by the administra
tion people to be wheeled into line for Presi
dent Arthur, if some recognition to the color
ed leaders of that district shall be made. The
preponderance of votes in this district are
cast by negroes, who, the administration
men say, are friendly to Arthur and coldly
indifferent to Logan, because they allege he
has persistently ignored them in the way of
Tin- Democrats are allowing the business
of the house to drag along in a slipshod way
that will result in a conflict of important
measures for priority of consideration, and
necessarily prolong the session. Two appro
priation bills arc ready for action by the
house, one of which has been waiting since
Tuesday as unfinished business while mem
bers have been talking about the Chalmers-
Manning election ease. Mr. Holm an
appealed to the house to hold
a session Saturday for debate
upon the naval bill, but two-thirds of the
members voted for adjournment until Mon
day and yesterday was wasted so far as legis
lation was concerned, but members bad
leisure to visit the departments aud attend to
business for their constituents. Few of then;
can afford to employ persons from their
private purses to attend to this business for
them, and they dare not follow the example
of that more independent body, the senate,
aud make the treasury pay their
private secretaries. The only remedy is
to^jtake Saturdays or absent themselves
when there is no important business before
THE DEMOCRATIC NATIONAL COMMITTEE.
Of the thirty-four members of tbe Demo
cratic national committee, twelve are already
in tbe city. Two only of these are in con
gress—Hewitt, of New York, and Call, of
Florida. Hewitt favors Saratoga as the place
for holding the convention, with a preference
lor Chicago as against any other city. Call
is a warm friend of Chicago, and is doing all
in bis power to carry it there.
The other ten have promised to vote
for Chicago, except Malley, of Vermont,
who prefers Saratoga, and Col. Prather, of
Missouri, who, of course, is working in the
interest of St. Louis. To-day Gen. Single
ton and Mr. Goudy held a long consultation,
at which a careful canvass of both those ab
sent aud present was made. The result was
very satisfactory, it being clearly shown that
twenty-one members had either solemnly
pledged themselves to Chicago or were
known to be friendly to it without having
committed themselves to any contesting del
egations. Indeed, as one Chicagoau ex
pressed it to-night, "If we fail to secure
the convention on the 2:3 d we will have es
tablished tlu fact fat the national Demo
cratic committee contains more liars to the
square inch than can be found in any other
section of the globe." Chairman Barnum is
expected Wednesday, although it is known
lie has been quite ill for the past few days.
The big Chicago delegation will arrive to
morrow morning. There is a prospect that
an understanding vsill be arrived at between
the friends of Chicago and those of Saratoga.
The latter are willing to vote for
Chicago if Saratoga cannot get the
convention, but they want the help of some
western votes. Confident that Saratoga can
not get the convention anyway some of the
Chicago nun will probably vote for Saratoga
with the understanding that if Saratoga fails
its vote is to be cast for Chicago.
[Western Associated Press.]
ILLITERACY IX TIIE STATES.
Wasiiixgtox, Feb. 17. — Representative
Willis has prepared a most interesting table
to accompany his bill for federal aid to edu
cation, which shows that illiteracy holds the
balance of power in fourteen northern and
in all the southern states. In thirty-eight
states there were 1,871,217 illiterate voters,
and only one voter in live can write his
name. In the southern states, the illiterate
voters in South Carolina are more than one
half. In Alabama, Florida, Mississippi,
Georgia, North Carolina and Virginia, one in
two. while in Missouri, with one in nine,
presents the best record. In the presidential
election of IS7G, New York, New
Hampshire, New Jersey, Con
necticut, Indiana, California, Nevada,
Ohio, Oregon Wisconsin, Illinois,
Rhode Island, Michigan and Pennsylvania
were ranged on the sTde of illiteracy. " In the
last presidential contest states of the Union
with 298 electoral votes, were again within
the domination of sovereigns who could not
read tbe very charter of their liberties. The
majorities which they gave could have been
overthrown by the combined vote of the illit
erate voters, even if these majorities had
been five times as great as they were. In
1876 sixty of our seveniy-six senators, three
lifths of "whom, and 259 of 292 representa
tives, were in the grasp of illiteracy. In
1880, fifty-eight of our seventy-six senators
and 292 of our 325 representatives were in
states and districts where the illiterate voters
held the balance of power.
THOSE RESOIXTIOXS OF COXDOI.EXCE.
The state department has not received in
formation corroborative of the report that
Bismarck had returned the resolutions of
condolence on Herr Lasker's death to the
German minister here, with instructions to
return them to congress. Secretary Freling
liuysen has telegraphed the minister at Ber
lin for information, but has not yet received
a reply. The secretary is inclined to doubt
the truth of the fact, in view of the fact that
neither he nor the German minister has been
informed of any such action by Bismarck.
The attorney general has rendered an
opinion in regard to the construction of the
let of March 3. 1883. relative to the read
Dailn ii ffilnbe
justment of postmasters' salaries. He
holds, that in all cases in which it
appears from the biennial readjustment,
that the salaries of postmasters in the third,
fourth or fifth class, that they receive 10 per
cent, more or less than they would have re
ceived in commissions under the act of 1854.
They are entitled, under the act of March 3,
1883, to difference between what was
paid them and what they would have received
as commissions under the act of 1854. He
also holds that it was not the intention of
congress, by the acts of 1804 and 1866, to
dispense with the biennial readjustments. It
follows that a claimant under the act of
March 3, 1883, must show that the acts sub
sequent to 1854 deprived him of 10 per cent,
or more of what he would have received if
those statutes had not been enacted, and he
has been compensated on the basis of the act
of 1854. This opinion of the attorney gen
eral is in harmony with the construction
given these statutes by the department.
TUB OCX ESTABLISHMENTS.
The foundary board has submitted a report
to the secretary of the navy. It does not re
commend the establishment of a government
foundry, properly so called, but thinks the
steel manufacturers should be called upon to
provide material, and recommends the es
tablishment of two gun factories, under the
control of the government. It recommends
that Watervliet arsenal, West Troy, N. V., be
selected as a site for an army gun factory,
and Washington navy yard, as a site for the
navy gun factory. The report concludes
as follows: "The fact that the United States
is destitute of the means of fabricating
modern guns, so urgently needed for the
national defense, and that at least three
years «ill be required to complete the tools,
construct shops and establish plant, would
seem to demand an immediate appropriation
of $1,800,000, in the estimate for the estab
lishment of the proposed gun factories."
In describing a trip abroad, the board states
that a request made by the latter, to be per
mittedto visit the Krupp gun establishment
in Prussia, was refused.
Rugg-, the Murderer, has Escaped from
A Number of Evil Doings from Different
J'ltrts of the Country.
[Special Telegram to the Globe.]
Mt. Oreb, 0., Feb. 16 —Two years ago,
Perry Green and Bill Irons, two young fel
lows about 21 years of age, were sent to the
penitentiary for murdering an old man at
Georgetown. Their term has just expired
and they returned to their old homes.
They were seen skulking about streets here
last evening. Soon after midnight the cry
of fire was raised and the sky was illumined
by a bright blaze. Before daylight five of the
principal grocery and dry goods stores in the
heart of the town were in ashes. In fact the
business part of the town is destroyed. The
fire was undoubtedly incendiary, and sus
picion at once fell on Green and Trons. A
meeting of citi/ens has just been held and a
reward of $500 has been offered for their ap
prehension. They are not now to be found,
andit would not be safe for them to appear
within range of the citizens.
FATAL ELECTION QUARREL.
New York, Feb. 17.—Patrick McGowen
fatally shot Thos. Sullivan, early this morn
ing, in a Canal street bar room. The men
are Republican ward politicians, and the
shooting grew out of difficulties at the recent
Spkixgfiei.d, Mass., Feb. 17.—Ten more
brakemen and freight conductors on the
Boston & Albany railroad were arrested for
stealing freight. The two conductors arrest
ed on Friday night turned state's evidence.
New York, Feb. 17.—Chas. H. Rugg, the
negro awaiting trial for the murder of the
Maybec family and the assault on Mr. and
Mrs. Town send, Long Island, escaped from
the Queens county jail to-night. The police
of New York, Brooklyn and Long Island
City were informed of the murderer's escape.
THE NOTED DEAD.
Removal of Prof. Williams, the Emi
nent Chinese Scholar.
[Special Telegram to the Globe.)
New Haven, Conn., Feb. 17.—The death
of Prof. Saml. Wells Williams, of this city,
last evening, of Yale college, removes one of
the most thoroughly equipped and noted
oriental scholars of the age. His great work
"The Middledom," was published in 1848,
and was the most finished and complete his
tory of the character and literature of the
Chinese extant. He completed his second
revision of this work a few months ago. His
residence in China coverd a period of forty
three years. For the past eight years he
had resided hen;. For two years he had been
in failing health. Partial brain paralysis
followed a few months after an accidental
fall on the ice in January, 1881, by which he
fractured his left arm near the shoulder.
He was bereft of speech for
some time. Recovering his health
to a degree he finished the revision of his
chief book, contributed articles to the New
Englandcr, and wrote book reviews for the
Nation. He was professor of Chinese lan
guage and literature, but never had a pupil.
The chair was endowed by Dr. Porter, of New-
York, a friend, with a sum ample for its
maintenance. Prof. Williams was a native
of Dtica, New York, and a school friend there
of Prof. Dana, the eminent geologist of the
times. The deceased leaves a son, Frederick
Wells Williams, assistant librarian at Yale,
and a daughter, who is the wife of the Hon.
Thomas Grosvenor, late of the diplomatic
service in China, and now visiting at the
manor of Mr. Grosvenor's father. The inter
ment will be at Utica, N. Y.
A Tempest in a Teapot.
Wixxipec, Feb. 17. —Delegates from the.
farmers' union returned from Ottawa last night
Their memorial to the government request
ing a redress of the grievances under which
the people are suffering, received no atten
tion. They report that nothing will be con
ceded by the government. The people here
are greatly incensed at the government's
action, and many advocate open rebellion.
The council of the farmers 'union have called
a convention to meet on March sth, at which
the whole northwest will be represented and
decisive action will be taken. The council
in their circular say, "we have now arrived
at a grave crisis in the history of our
province, where every inter
est is vitally concerned, and
laying aside all party and political feeling,
let us as Manitobans continue to obtain our
just rights, and unite as one man to secure
them." A feeling of intense indignation at
the Dominion government's action, is ex
pressed on all sides, and should Norquay's
mission to Ottawa prove as fruitless as farm
ers' delegate*, it is impossible what extreme
measures our people may be drawn into to en
force justice from a tyrannical government.
The revolutionary spirit is spreading among
the people, and it is probable it will not stop
short of secession from the confederation.
Sax Fraxcisco, Feb. 17. —The heaviest
gale aud rain storm of the season was last
night, 300 yards of the Southern Pacific
railroad were washed away at North Newhall,
and the telegraphs, north and south were
prostrated. No marine causalties are reported.
A Corpse Abandoned.
Wilkesbarre, Pa., Feb. 17.—The Grand
Army of the Republic abandoned a corpse to
day, when refused admission to the cathedral
ST. PAUL, MINN,, MONDAY MORMNG, FEBRUARY 18, 188 L
"Rigolo" Doesn't Take Stock in
And Accounts for Them on the Ground
Gould and Vanderbilt at the Bottom of the
[Special Telegram to the Globe.]
New York, Feb. 17. —The Sun will say
to-morrow: It would be difficult to imagine
anything more impudent and reckless in
the day of speculation than the present bull
campaign in Wall street. In spite of the
most adverse influences, like the disastrous
flood, the almost complete stoppage of ex
ports, the absolute want of public confidence
the stagnation of every branch of mercantile
and industrial business, the heavy decrease
in railroad earnings and the protracted bitter
war of rates among tbe great corporations,
two men take bold of the market and put
the prices of securities up at a speed which
would be considered risky, even if the gen
eral state of affairs had been full of the most
brilliant prospects. The intelligence of Jay
Gould and tbe wealth of W. H. Vanderbilt
have done wonders within the last five or six
weeks. There is not a bear left within a
radius of a mile of the stock ex
change, and with very few exceptions,
every newspaper invites the public to buy
stocks and promises big profits. True, that
so far the public remains deaf, and does not
respond to the Invitation; but the hoisting
apparatus is kept steadily at work, and from
250,000 to 300,000 shares are daily "washed"
out in the board room for the purpose of
working up quotations. On Saturday nearly
365,000 shares were dealt in, but it is ques
tionable whether one per cent, of the amount
was bought for bona fide investment.
The whole object of the immense transact
ion was to close the markat strong and active,
to have the prices telegraphed on Sunday all
over the states, and to secure a few country
orders from people who have a little money to
spare, and who love to gamble. Of course
the low rate of interest which money com
mands at present is of immensa help to Mr.
Gould and Mr. Vanderbilt.
In every large city of this wonderfully rich
country there are dozens of antedeluvian fo
gies who have accumulated money and hate
the idea of not being able to get more than 2
or \iy, per cent, on it. The moment they
re.id in the newspapers that Vanderbilt and
Gould have come to the front and see quo.
tations going up, they begin to "buy a little
just_fora turn," and are now absorbing a
few dividend-paying stocks at 10 and 12
points higher than they could have bought
them a month ago. They have been badly
hurt though before, and won't buy much.
Much to the disgust of Jay Gould, W. H.
Vanderbilt continues to talk to newspaper
reporters almost every day, and naturally
says a great deal of nonsense. The other
day, fur instance, he said that there was
plenty of confidence in American securities,
and that they were sending all their monep
over here. Where do they send it to unless
it be privately to the tender care of Mr. Gouldi
Mr. Field, Mr. Sage and himseif ? They cer
tainly do not send It to any
of thfe bankers, all of whom
report big blocks of stock coming back. If
Mr. Vanderbilt were in the habit of occa
sionally reading foreign papers he would
have seen what Europe thinks of himself,
his side partners and his and their securities,
and would probably not have the courage to
relate such rubbish. He has been of late
braudiug most respectable men with all sorts
of choice epithets. The managers of the
West Shore were recently declared by him to
be blackmailers. The bear party
consisting of men like Messrs.
Travers, Commack, Ben. Carver,
and other respected veterans of Wall street
were declared to be "cheap fellows," and
"sneak thieves." Now he goes for Mr.
Cable, president of the Rock Island railroad,
because Mr. Cable would not consent to run
his road in the interest of the Northwestern,
which is a Vanderbilt family concern.
Among all who know him Mr. Cable has the
reputation of being one of the ablest railroad
men in the country, and a thoroughly hon
est and straightforward gentleman. But Mr.
Vanderbilt dors not find words strong enough
to use when he speaks of him. Does he
think by chance that the confidence of Eu
ropean investors will increase after they
have read his utterances?
The great engine of the Chicago market is
now what is known as "the big four." It is
composed of Messrs. Ream, Jones, Singer
and Cudahy. They have almost as much
power there as Gould and Vanderbilt have
here, but they differ from the latter in being
indifferent as to which side of the
market they operate on. At the
present moment "the big four"
are supposed to be loaded up with wheat
which they bought against their own convic
tions in order to get a turn on the market.
But the European situation has convinced
them that they were wrong, and they are re
ported to have begun selling on Saturday. If
it is so, the Chicago market will have a lively
time this week.
A Loyal Welcome.
Chicago, Feb. 17.—Archbishop Feehan re
turned from his visit to Pope Leo this after
noon, arriving by special train. He was wel
comed at the depot by Mayor Harrison and
special representatives of the Catholic bodies.
He was escorted to the Episcopal palace by a
procession numbering 25,000, composed of
the Catholic societies in regalia, and the Irish
military, with numerous bands. Notwith
standing the inclement weather, and the ex
ceedingly sloppy streets, over 100,000 people
congregated atong the three mile line of
march to witness the parade. With the ex
ception of general Grant's welcome, to-day's
exceeds anything of the kind previously wit
nessed in Chicago.
When the head of the procession reached
the Cathedral of the Holy Name, on the North
side, the rear of the line had not yet began
to march from St. Patrick's cathedral on the
West side, a distance of nearly six miles.
Arriving at the Cathedral of the Holy Name,
the archbishop entered the sanctuary and
held service. His replies to addresses were
entirely of a congratulatory nature, convey
ing the thanks and blessing of the pope to
his followers, the people and city of Chicago.
Novel Reading Made Odious.
A bitter wag, made angry by the ever in
creasing output of novels, has devised a new
and malignant antidote for the appetite for
romance. He declares that he will write a
supplement to every modern love story, to be
sold at half price, setting forth the matrimo
nial adventures and experience of the hero
and the heroine. The sweet and pathetic
maiden with mild blue eyes and golden hair
is to be developed into the fat and ruddy
shrew, with a tendency to quarrel with her
husband and row her servants. The gallant
gentieman with th* long mustache and the
silver voice is, on his part, to be ruthlessly
pictured marching up and down his bedrom
in airy attire, with a squalling baby in his
arms, redolent of sour milk and catnip. The
will of the rich old uncle, which brings
wealth and happiness at the end of the first
volume, will be proved a forgery in thh sec
ond. What with the upsetting of every pretty
conventionality and the disclosure of the in
evitable conditions into which no well-bred
novelist eyer follows his characters, this
cynic hopes to make novel reeading nau
seous ahd novel writing as unprofitable as it
is a dark dark industry.
THE OLD WORLD.
El Mabdi Proclaimed Sultan of
The Attack to be Made on Tokar at
Once by the Rebels Under
THE SfTCATIOX AROCXD SUAKIM.
Cairo, Feb. 17. —Scouts sent from Trinki
tat, toward Tokar, report that Osman Digma,
the rsbel leader, is massing his men near a
defile, closing the road from coast, at the
spot where he defeated Baker Pasha aud Col
onel Moncrief. It is supposed Osman Dig
ma's plan is, if he fails to reduce Tokar be
fore the arrival of the English troops, to give
battle at the defile. Shukh Monghani and
Colonel Mesigdaha, sent from Suakim to
stir up the tribes in the vicinity, report that
they only succeeded in securing a promise
of neutrality from the chiefs. Admiral
Hewitt is advancing his lines four miles
outside the Suakim zone. His trenches are
within the guns of the English fleet and
GORDOX AT KHARTOUM.
Cairo, Feb. 17.—General Gordon has ar
rived at Khartoum.
St. Perersbcrg, Feb. 17.—The governors
of the provinces in the west and south of
Russia, appeal for re-inforcemeut, as the
peasants are threatening the landlords.
XEW EDITOR OF TUE TIMES.
Loxdox, Feb. 17. —Leonard Courtney,
financial secretary of the treasury, has re
fused the editorship of the Times, and Buck
ley, the assistant editor, was temporarily ap
pointed editor. Buckley is only thirty years
old, and heretofore unknown outside the
Loxdox, Feb. 17. —Lord Randolph
Churchill has been elected president of the
National Conservative union, Sir S. North
cote's son, and other members of the Con
servative union threaten to secede in con
sequence. It is rumored that Northcote is
willing to take a peerage and resign the
conservative leadership of the commons.
DOIXGS FRGM LOXDOX.
Loxdox, Feb. 17.—1t is reported that Rus
sia is ready to consider terms for a new
boundary line for central Asia, in which Rus
sia might hold a protectorate over Merv. A
royal commissioner will inquire into the con
dition of the dwellings of the poor in the United
Kingdom. The commissioners includes Car
dinal Manning, several delegates from the
workingmen's associattons, and a number
of Irish and Scotch members of parliament.
Sir Charles Dilke is chairman. Admiral
Carr Glyn, heir to the barony of Wolverton,
and made legatee heir of the estate of Miss
Neilson, the actress, is dead.
A NEW SULTAX.
Khartoum, Feb. 17. —Gen. Gordon has
had a proclamation posted, recognizing El
Mabdi as sultan of Kordofan, remitting one
half the taxes, and placing no restrictions on
the slave traders. The Artbs at Khartoum
express great satisfaction.
pretty <" tsq
SuaklM:, Feb. 17.—The rebels fired on the
forts to-day, but soon retired.
TOKAR IN GREAT DISTRESS.
Cairo, Feb. 17.—Tokar is hotly pressed by
the rebels, who have turned against the town
the Krupp guns captured from the Egyptians.
The Hussairs have started for Suakim.
TO BE READY.
Constaxtixoplk, Feb. 17.—The Porte will
send 10,000 men to Fiddah, Arabia, to be in
readiness for service.
Cairo, 111., Feb. 17.—The river at Cairo is
fifty feet six Inches, and rising sloA'ly, with
rain last night and to-night. It only lacks
one foot of last years gauges. Everything is
quiet to-night. Should the rise exceed last
year's the city is prepared to meet it.
NOT TO BE DEPEXDED OX.
Cairo, Feb. 17.—A number of Egyptian
soldiers have been selected to drive the cam
el battery to the Soudan. A petition -was pre
sented by four privates, which was numer
ously signed, and purported to be indorsed
by the whole Egyptian army, which objected
to being employed in a Christian expetition.
Gen. Wood declares the signatures to the
petition to be forged. The mutiny is now
considered of trilling importance, and has, it
is said, shaken the confidence of the Eng
lish officers in the Egyptian troops. On the oth
er hand, there Beems to be a general opinion
that the Egyptian army ought to be disband
ed, being useless and dangerous. Orders
are given to confine the British expedition to
the relief of Tokar. It is expected a decisive
battle will be fought on the 24th inst.
Suakim, Feb. 17.—Some of the rebel shots
to-day retched the military headquarters.
Baker Pasha had a narrow escape.
Philadelphia, Feb. 17.—The walls of the
flour warehouse of E. Sathbury & Co, burned
out last evening, fell this morning, crushing
a dwelling adjoining. Eight persons were in
bed at the time. Edward Curran, in bed
with his wife and child, was instantly killed.
Mrs. Curran received a severe shock, and
she being in a delicate condition it is feared
will die. A child was uninjured. The other
occupants of the building escaped with slight
MISSIOX BUILDIXG BURKED.
Philadelphia, Feb. 17. —Bishop Hare
leaves for his diocese to-morrow, on learn
ing of the burning of the Santee Indian mis
FATAL RAILWAY SMASHUP.
Loxgview, Texas, Feb. 17.—Five freight
cars were badly wrecked near Longview this
afternoon. Brakemen Stout and Cummings
Gallipolis has been made the chief distrib
uting point on the Ohio for the flood suffer
ers, as it has good railway facilities, which are
interrupted at all other points. Very little
damage has been done here, although the wa
ter was far higher than last year or in 1832.
Several gaps have occurred above Vicks
burg, owing to the high water.
Died of Pneumonia.
Port Towxsexd, W. T., Feb. 17.—The
schooner Leo arrived this morning from
Sitka, with news of the death of Wm. Gou
verneur Morris, collector of customs of pneu
Trucrbb, Cala., Feb. 17.—A furious storm
is raging to-night in the Sierras. The Cen
tral Pacific is blockaded, and no trains from
the west will get here under thirty-six hours.
Gone to Australia.
San Fraxcisco, Feb. 17.—Hanlan, the
oarsman, sails in the City of Sydney at mid
night, for Australia.
New York, Feb. 17. —Clothing cutters will
soon hold a national convention to arrange
uniform rates of wages throughout the coun
Victor Hugo is still considered the best
talker in Paris. But he is the poorest listen
er. He's as deaf as a post.
Watterson is Before Congress With
a Bill to Protect Newspapers.
To Which They Have as Much Bight as Any
Wasfiixgton, Feb. 17.—The following in
terview has been had with Henry Watterson,
touching the proposed measure of newspaper
copyright, which Watterson has in charge,
and is about to lay before congress.
"Considerable misinformation," said Wat
terson, "seems to exist as to the character of
the legislation which will be asked of con
gress. It can certainly not be described as
an act 'entitled an act for the relief of the
associated press.' " All honest newspapers
and all honest news associations are interest
ed in its passage. It simply operates to pro
tect property in news from piratical concur
Q. And how can this be done?
A. "By a clause in the copyright laws,
making collected news tba product of skilled
labor, and outlay, exclusive to those who pay
for it, for twenty-four hours.
Q. Do you mean news exclusively of the
A. I mean all news, and news of every
description and every association; as mat
ters, are news, and is not recognized as prop
erty at all. Every thing about a newspaper
office, from the perfecting press to the news
man's pot paste, is property, and who steals
it falls within the reach and compass of the
law. But that which constitutes real value
as newspaper property—its news fran
chises—costing vast sums of money,
and years of special enterprise, training and
labor has no legal status whatever. It is
practically outlawed, aud anybody can steal
it with impunity. The proposed measure
protects it from pirated use and concurrent
publications for twenty-four hours. It
creates, indeed, a new property, that is the
property is news. No one can oppose it ex
cept those who want to rob others of their
labor and money."'
Q. —"How will it act upon the custom of
copviug from one paper to another paper;"
A*.—"lt will not affect that in the least.
The twenty-four hour limitation icives all
the latitude needful to honest and legitimate
transactions from one newspaper intoauother.
The country press is in no wise touched,
and I can see no other Interest on its part
than to approve of a measure calculated to
elevate and dignify the profession of journal
ism, by giving certain legal validity aud re
sponsibility to the collection aud distribution
Q. —"What are the prospects of passing
6uch a bill?"
A.—"l have consulted the best constitu
tional authorities during my sojourn in Wash
ington, and there is a geueral agreement
that there is no constitutional objection to
the measure. I have also seen aud talked
with members of both houses of congress. I
have been surprised to find some hazy preju
dices against the associated press, the off
spring of misadviscment in the main, and
some confusion as to the re
lations of the associated press
and Western Union Telegraph company.
There are, of course, no relations except
those of customer and common carrier, and
barring these immaterial objections which
discussion will clear up. there is an interest
ed and friendly feeling in congress. The
question is a novel one, and embraces the
whole principle of modern journalism. The
railway and telegraph, which have within the
last half of a century wrought such changes
throughout the world, have completely revo
lutionized the newspaper. That which we
call news is a modern invention, as much as
guttapercha or tbe reaping machine. It de
mands the very best and rarest of skilled la
bor. It involves a forecast of organization
and outlay. It is an intellectual and mater
ial product. Why has it not the same right
to legal recognition and protection as other
clases of property. Let us take an ex
ample. Suppose a newspaper published in
the city of New York, and sold at
three cents, obtains at great cost and pains,
a column, or five columns of interesting and
important matter. Should a newspaper, issued
right alongside and sold at one cent, be al
lowed to get an early copy and issue concr
rently this very same matter without paying a
nickel for it? There is no present lawto for
bid this. Take another example: The dif
ference in time between points relatively east
and west, in our vast country; enables a pub
lisher who chooses to do so, to make use of
the enterprise of others. Should a thief at a
distant point be enabled by use of the tele
graph to steal the property of those men who
have gone to great care and cost to obtain iU
Under existing laws, I can make a
compilation of telegraphic news
matter, and issuing this in a book, may
copyright, but if I write and wire the Courier
Journal a page of valuable matter, anybody
who sees fit to steal and publish it, may do
so for the cost of tbe type setting."
Q. "How do you propose to do, define, or
pescribe news to be of copyright?"
A. "I should include all original, special
aud general matter, exceeding one hundred
words, sent by post or by wire, and embrac
ing original communications of information
of any and every description. Such an act
cannot operate in favor of one newspaper,
and against another, or one news association
over another. It is simply a bar to rogues
and fixes the same penalty upon the stealing
of news, which the law visits upon the steal
ing in other forms of property. How can
any honest journalist object to that?"
q,—"Can you formulate such a measure
so that it will stand the congressionat test?"
A.—"l think I have done so. I have
drafted a bill and prepared an argument to
go with it, which, though by no means per
fect, I believe will give practical application
and bearing to the question. You will un
derstand that I have no personal interest at
stake, and am not acting for myself at all.
At the last meeting of the Associated Press I
was made chairman of the committee which
was appointed to present the case to con
gress. Thus commissioned I came here, and
I have proceeded with great deliberation and
care, becimse I was fully conscious of the
largeness and newness of the question, and
the practical difficulties in the way. In the
beginning I was not at all clear in my own
mind, but the more I have considered and
discussed it, the more convinced have I be
come that the time has come when the law
should recognize and protect a new species
of property, which others have recognized
and protected, and which modern inventions
have created, that is, collected news, againt
current piratical publication.
Braidwood, 111., Feb. 17.—About 2,000
people assembled at the Diamond mine to
day to hold memorial services over the spot
where, on July 16, 1882, some 77 miners lost
their lives, 49 of whose bodies are still en
tombed within the dark mine. Notwith
standing the inclemency of the weather, 26
societies and organizations, including the
city council, formed in line headed by bands
and marched three miles from Braidwood to
the shaft of the mine. Short addresses were
made by a number of prominent citizens,
after which the assemblage repared to a small
lot, which was then fenced, the ground of
which was then consecrated by the Rev.
Red Wing Pottery Burned.
The warehouse of the Red Wigg Stoneware
company burned early Sunday morning.
Loss, §25,000; insurance $15,000.
The Wahpeton Gazette has a rumerthat
the Manitoba proposes to run an extension to
Fargo from Brown's Valley, keeping twelve
or fifteen miles west of the Fargo Southern
most of the way, and lessening the distance
between Fargo and St. Paul fourteen miles
or so. While there is nothing very improb
able in the scheme, it is not likely that the
Manitoba will convert the rumor into history
RIVERS STILL RAGING.
Shawneetown Appeal's to Have
More than its Share of
The Floods Still Bising in the Lower
Ohio anil Mississippi.
The Relief Getting Well on With its Work. '
Wivh was Much Needed.
Evansyillk, lud., Feb. 17.—At Shawnee
town at 7 o'clock this morning, the river had
reached fifty-fire feet four inches, a rise of
nearly five inches during the night. At half
past ten the g»Ui;e marked fifty-five feet five
aud oue-half iuehes, showing a continuance
of the rise at the rate of nearly two inches
an hour. A heavy rain fell all night and ■
during earl; hours uf the morning, with in
dications of more. Latest news from Wabash
is, the river is a:rain rising, aud the Tennes
see river is pouring a great flood into the
Ohio. Taking these facts into
account, the Sliawneetown people count
upou more water than they had last year. At
the hour mentioned the water is eighteen
iuehes below tin- highest point touched last
year, the highest water previously recorded.
Several more of tin- smalk-r, more exposed
buildings, left their foundations last night,
and other disasters of this kind are inevita
ble. Mauy of these houses arc tied to the
neighboring trees, or securely anchored, aud
will not tloat off. Many, however have been
carried by the swift current as far as the
southern embankment, and most of them
have gone to pieces. The sufferings among
the refugees on the hills are increasing.
"Provisions are giving oat. Fuel has been
scarce from the start, and many additional
cases of sickness are reported. But bad as the
situation now is, It will inevitably get worse.
Mayor Milispangh is very active in his efforts
on behalf uf those in distress, and lias the
names of most of those in need, and is t.ik
Ing prompt measures fur their relief. He
anticipates several weeks uf hard work before
the worst Is past, aud will need a great deal
more money than he now has. The citizens
of Shawneetown, however, much as they
have lost daring the last three years, are re
sponding nobly to the appeals for aid from
the distressed, and will permit none of their
people I" suffer from lack of funds or cloth
ing. The news from Padueah is far from
assuring. Much of the city is now under
water, aud the river is rising
steadily, and daring the past thirty-six hour.-,
has increased rapidly. The people there are
counting upon three or font feet more water,
which will carry the flood to a greater height
than that of last year. The situation in several
of the smaller towns above and below is
already quite as bad as last year, but, owintc
to the frequent recurrence of such disaster^,
the facts are not so well known to the coun
try at large. Au Associated Press representa
tive, just before leaving Shawneetown, was
infurmed that "Win. Atwold left Henry
Richerson's mill In a skiff, four days ago, to
go to his house, and has not been seen or
heard of since, and is believed to have per
ished during the s^ale blowing at that time.
If drowned, this is Shawneetown'.* first carn
ality daring the present flood. Many narrow
escapes, however, aud it is D remarkable
that more drownings have not occurred,
Many persons are very reckless and X" about
in boats of the rudest and most insecure
character, many of them hastily and roughly
constructed, and leaking so fast they have to
be constantly bailed out. The risk run may
be understood when it is stated that the
depth of the wateTthroughoutthetov.u ranges
from fifteen to forty feet. The skiffs
over good sized houses well weighted down,
the roofs of which cau be scarcely reached by
the longest oars. As the river rises, the cur
rent is increasing in force, and in many
parts of the town only the most expert oars
men can steer it. The situation at Union
town is growing more serious hourly. The
entire town is under water to the depth
of several ' feet, and the river is still
rising steadily. There was a rise
during the night of five inches, and the
river is still swelling at the rate of almost a
half inch an hour. It is now deemed cer
tain that last year's highest stage will be sur- I
pased. Between Sliawneetown aud Union- I
town, the country on both sides of the river
as far as the eye can reach, is a vast sheet
of water, trees alone marking the dividing
line between the river and the shores, and
the general course of the river* Several
houses have been swept away, and others are
threatened, while others are likely to follow
if there is an additional rise of a foot. There
are still many corn pens in the water, though
most of the farmers, with the experience of
the last two years before them, succeeded in
getting their corn to places of safety. The
loss in this direction is much less this year
than last. The people of the section namtd
are watching anxiously for the relief steamer,
said to have left Louisville on Friday night,
and now due.
Cixcin'xati, Feb. 17. —The river is reced
ing about an inch and a half an hour, aud
stands at sixty-five feet, eleven inches.
Hard rain in the forenoon, cloudy and warm
with light rain to-night. Three roustabouts
at the risk of their lives, undertook to re
cover the bodies from the building, corner of
Pearl and Ludlow streets, which fell ou Fri
day morning. They found the bodies of Mr.
and Mrs. Thomas Burke, and their two chil
dren, two and four-years-old, in bed, evi
dently drowned. The father and mother
each had a child in their arms. They also
found the bodies of Mary E. Colter, James
Ogden and J. W. Kyle. It is reported the
finding of Burkes body on Friday was a
mistake. The relief committee
of the chamber of commerce to-day made
an appropriation for the purchase or a large
quantity of rope, to be sent immediately up
the river on the steamer \V. B. Cole, to be
used in towing and anchoring buildings to
their foundations. A most commendable
work has been inaugurated by the Grand
Army of the Republic, in furnishing, at small
expense, hand and steam pumps for empty
ing cellars, and also furnishing stoves and
fuel, where needed, to dry out the houses.
The large Shields engine, which stopped
pumping the water supply, last Monday,
6tarted again at 6:30 to-night, and the
anxiety about the water famine is removed.
No. 1 goes to a tailor and has his Spring Suit or Overcoat "Made
to Order;" buys his Spring Hat at an exclusive Hat Store; pays for
entire outfit about $55. No. 2 goes to a reliable Clothing House,
selects his Suit or Overcoat, tries it on and purchases it; he also
buys a stylish Spring Hat at Clothing House; cost of entire outfit
about $28. No. 2's Suit or Overcoat is made from the identical
same goods as No. 1, and the general make-up and fit is equally as
good. His garments look as stylish and wear as well as No. l's
and he is $27 ahead by being sensible. Spring will soon be here,
why not be sensible?
BOSTON one Price CLOTHING HOUSE
Cor. Third.and Robert Streets, St. Paul.
The three leading Pianos of the
FOR THE MT 10 DAYS!
143 & 150 East Third St.
GUAM OPERA HOUSE.
L. >". SCOTT, .... Munager.
Three (3) Nights, commencing MOND W. FEU,
is. Matinee Wednesday, at .' p. m.
THE GBEAT NEW YORK SUCCESS
A BOOM OP LAUGHTER.
Presenting Edward Bsrrlgan'a latest success
IcSORLETC I\FL\TIO\ !
Witli a Company of Comedians.
AB the Original scenic effects. All the Origi
nal Son--' and Music. The Salvation Army. The
Charleston Blues. I Never Drink Behind the
liar. MrNali.v's Row of Fiat-. The Muddy Day.
The Market on Saturday Night. Golden Choir
Tin- Old Feather Bed. Bunch of Berries.
Prices—Bl.oo, 75c, 50c and 85c.
Sali- of seat- commences Saturday, 9 a m.
Comming attraction—Sam'l of Posln Peb. 21,
88 and 23.
Grand Opera House!
TllK POPULAR COMEDY SUCCESS 1
THREE NIGHTS ONLY,
TBIRSDIY. FRIDAY, IKB SITIRDAY!
FEB. 21, 22 &23.
America's Accepted Commedian,
MB. M. B. CURTIS,
In his Inimitable creation,
SAM'L OF POSES!
The Commercial Drummer, snpported by his own
specially selected company. i i
Spe« lal extra engagement ot
Mile Albina DeMer.
In lur own creation ot Dumas' "'"AMILLE *
one performance only, Saturday Matinee, Feb. 23.
Sale of Seats commences Wedne day, Feb. jo,
ou, m. Prices fl, ;:>c, s>>c and 25c,
We will famish Material and Labor from this
date, 08 we arc called on to do all repairs; and all
material we will pat in at hair the list cost, and
furnish a man and helper for $5.00 a day. Please
conic and be treated right, no uuderhand work
mm & mm,
120 & 122 West Third St., St Paul, Minn.
Office of tiik City Hat-l, j
and Court House Cohmissiok, >
St. Paul, February 8, 1884. )
The special commission appointed and acting
under the act of -March Bth, ISBI, beinjr chuptci
876 of Special Laws of 1881, and the act of Feb
ruary :>ijth, 18SM. being chapter 10:2 of the special
Laws of 1883, v, ill be glad to receive from such
architects as may desire to submit them, plans
and estimates for the City Hall and County
Court House contemplated in said acts, on the
tirst day of May, ISBI, at ten o'clock in the fore
noon, at the oltice of the County Auditor of this
county,Jbut with the distinct understanding that
no compensation will be made for any such, plan
or estimate unless adopted.
By order of the Commission.
J.J. McCARDY, Secretary.
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