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XJailp GHate Official Paper of the City and County. PRINTED AND PUBLISHED. ET THE ST. PAUL GLOBE PRINTING COMPANY, No. 321 Wabashaw Street, St. Paul. ST. PAUL, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 25. MWTEPJS OF THE GLOBE. SEVEN ISSUBS PER WEEK—BY CARRIER One Yc-ar. payable in advance $8 00 Six Months, payable in advance 4 25 Three Months 2 25 f'.r .Month 75 SIX ISSUES PER WEEK—BY MAIL, POST AGE PAID. One Year 86 00 Six Months 3 50 Three Months 2 00 One Month 70 All mail subscriptions payable invariably in advMtce. '-even i??ues per week by mail at same rates as by carrier. SUNDAY GLOBB. By Carrier—per year $2 00 liy Mail—per year, postage paid 1 50 WEEKLY GLOBE* !'-. Mall—postage paid, per yeaj $1 15 DAILY WEATHER BULLETIN. OFrrrn Chief Signal Officer, I Washington, d. ('., Feb. 24, 9:58 p. m. f Observations taken at the same moment of time at all stations named. UJ'I'ER MISSISSIPPI VALLEY. Bar. Ther. Wind. Weather. it. Paul 89.77 22 S Cloudy La Crosse 20.'J4 24 S Cloudy Northwest. Bar. Ther. Wind. Weather. Bismarck 29.89 38 NW Clear Ft. Garry 89.67 -2 NW Hazy Minnedosa 20.58 20 NW Cloudy Moor-head 29.03 34 W Cloudy (iuapelle 29.08 34 NW Clear St. Vincent 29.58 14 NW Clear NORTHERS ROCKY MOUNTAIN SLOPE. Bar. Ther. Wind. Weather. Ft Apsinahoine.30.21 37 NW Clear Ft. Custer 30.25 40 NW Fair Helena, M. T...30.30 44 W Clear Huron, D. T 29.00 40 NW Cloudy Medicine Hat...29.73 37 SW Cloudy UPPER LAKES. Bar. Ther. Wind. Weather. Dnluth 29.73 20 Calm Lt. Snow DAILY LOCAL MEANS. Bar. Ther. Dew Point. Wind. Weather. 30.025 15.0 7.7 S CI'y, Snowy Amount of rainfall or melted snow, .04, max imum thermometer, 27.0; minimum thermom eter, -2.5; daily range, 29.5. River, frozen. - Below /. ro. Note—Barometer corrected for temperature and elevation. P. F. Lyons, Sergeant, Signai Corps, U. S. A TO-DAY'S WEATHER. Washington, Feb. 25,1 a. m.—Indications for tipper Mississippi: Slightly warm fair weather, south to west winds, shifting northwesterly, ris ing, preceded by a slight fall of the barometer. Missouri valley: Generally fair weather, south west to northwest winds, generally higher barom eter, slight rise of temperature, southern por tions, nearly stationary in northern portions. The legislature of New York has conferred upon the mayor of New York city absolute appointing power, making him as independ ent as a monarch. Secretary Lincoln gives official notice that be cannot build houses and buy real estate with the funds appropriated by congress for the flood sufferers. Who supposed he could! The argument that because a couple of conventions are to be held at Chicago this year, that it is destined to become the future national capital, is only a century or two ahead of time. The water hydrants and mains in the streets were found to be frozen yesterday af ternoon, when water was required to ex tinguish the fire in the Griggs <i* Foster ware house. Whose fault was it? Somebody ought to be responsible for the condition of the water mains at all seasons when such im mense property interests are at stake. The Ohio legislature, refusing to follow the bad precedents of its Republican predeces sors, and the hateful example of the legisla tures of Pennsylvania and Massachusetts, has fixed its adjournment for March 17. Any legislature can accomplish all the good it is capable of in ninety days, and a longer term is sure to be productive of mischief. Senator Logan has introduced a bill to grant a pension to Dr. Susan B. Edson, whose health gave way under the great strain imposed by her attendance upon President Garfield, during his eighty days of suffering. Of all the attendants upon the president dur ing that period none rendered greater ser vice than Dr. Edson, and the request in her behalf is one that congress should cheerfully grant. Mr. Charles A. Dana, of the New York Suti, has been paying Washington a visit, the first he has made there since. 1871. He has been influenced to withhold his personal presence by threatened libel suits or indict ments which might cause him inconven ience, he preferring to meet such prosecu tion on his own ground in New York. While in Washington he hobnobbed with President Arthur for an hour or two, and knows by actual experience that the White House furnishes excellent wines, such as could not he obtained there during the reign of the great "Fraud." Whether the distinguished editor and the amiable executive entered in to a political treaty, offensive and defensive, has not transpired. It is said, however, that the terrific editor was personally more gentle and bland towards the great stalwart chief than he ever finds it necessary to be in his editorial columns. The Sun "shines for all" but not for Arthur, therefore the visit of the incisive Sun editor has no particular significance. But after partaking of the fluid hospitality of the White House, it is not expected that the fervid rays of the Sun will be concentrated upon "the head of the government" as aforetime. A FIGHT IN NEW YORK. A bitter fight is in progress in New York among the Republicans, growing out of a movement to secure the votes of the dele gates to the Chicago Republican convention, for Arthur. The most serious obstacle in the way is the new method of choosing the dele gates by districts, instead of the old machine Btate convention plan. The stalwart faction is greatly demoralized by this change, and greatly weakened for want of leadership. Now they miss the master mind and executive grasp of Roscoe Conkling. His mantle has fallen upon no one's shoulders. James D. Warren, the chairman of the Republican State Com mittee, is not large enough for the place, and Senator Miller is so much of a trading politi cian, aspiring, pushing and bargaining, and wants to control patronage and be a boss that he does not command infuse courage and inspire enthusiasm. The great body of half-breeds are thorough ly opposed to the nomination of Arthur, and are determined to prevent it if they can. They are fully persuaded they can elect twenty four of the seventy-two delegates who will si and firm against Arthur, and first, last and all the time vote for some other candidate. This makes the question direct and simple, can Arthur be nominated with one-third of his own state voting against him from the beginuing to the end of the contest? The fight in the close district conventions will be very bitter and the result doubtful. It is already conceded that Arthur cannot get the whole delegate vote, and the struggle is to give him two-thirds if possible, and at least a majority. The interest In behalf of Arthur is so thoroughly commercial that his friends are in a fever of doubt and fear, and hardly know whom to trust, and their requisitions for patronage are enormous. There are thirty-four districts, and it takes a good deal to go around. Another matter that is very discouraging to Arthur's adherents is the declaration made by Mr. Conkling that the next President will be a Democrat. While he stands aloof and is taking no part, there are many men who so thoroughly sympathize with him that the stalwart prob lem is complex, and the more difficult of so lution. Arthur needs all the friends he can and witl have none too many at the most. TEXAS. The alleged lawlessness and insecurity of life in Texas, is no doubt an exaggeration. That crime and disorder are developed there, as elsewhere, is no doubt true. That desper adoes perpetrate atrocities cannot be denied. The perpetration of a horrible crime is pub lished broadcast over the country,and reason ing from particulars to generals, a false style of logic, the whole society of Texas is set down as lawless and criminal. This is unjust. Can any thing more terrible in the calendar of crime be found in Texas, or more startling than the late murderous atrocities that have occurred in Long Island, a region noted for its refined society, its piety, its churches and general good order? How mistaken would it be for people at a distance, because of these acts of fearful crime to set down the whole community as a horde of murderous desperadoes? And yet Texas is treated very much in this way. The sun shines on no more inviting por tion of the earth than Texas, and its popula tion, for entrprise, tLi.ift and intelligence, average with other portions of the country. Like ot !■ r .* gions, it is flecked with inci dents of crime and disorder. Indeed, crime aud disorder everywhere seems tobeacon comitant of advanced civilization. In regard to Texas, its limits are doubtless too large, and in portions of it, the population too sparse, to enjoy in full that civil protection from government and law needful for adequate security. The criminal class take advantage of this, to perpretrate their criminal acts. The territory of Texas is too vast. If divided into four or five states, it would greatly enhance the wellfare of the people, and develope their natural prosperity. The administration of good government, the enforcement of the laws, and the punishment of crime, would thus be made more certain and effective. But Texas, even as it is, -with all the exag gerations as to its social and civil status successfully invites capital and enter prise. A fierce political quarrel is going on in Texas which is calculated in the way in which it is carried on, to injure the state. The enemies of Gov. Ireland are leaving no stone unturned to defeat his re-election. To overthrow him, reports are spread abroad of a reign of terror in the state, and the weakness and incapacityof the executive are alleged to be of such extent as to be quite impotent to re strain lawlessness, or to give proper protec tion to the people. Thus to injure Governor Ireland his enemies defame the state. Such charges are false, made on the assertion of an alleged agent of a British syndicate, who went to Texas to invest capital. The report was sent anonymously, in a dispatch from Dallas, that a reign of lawlessness prevailed in Texas and that neither life nor property were se cure. Notwithstanding these frightful, but false stories, capitalists do invest iu Texas. A London syndicate has just bought of Mr. Lovi ring, at Fort Worth, his Fisher county ranch, for $2,500,000, and two other ranches of some value are being negotiated for. The admitted lawlessness exists in only a portion of this State, of two large territorial districts, an empire in itself, hut the legislature aud the governor have taken steps to punish offenders and prevent lawlessness. Notwithstanding all drawbacks no slate in the Union is, to-day, more pros perous than Texas. Last year there was an audition of $120,000,000 to the taxable property of the state and 200,000 were added to its population. These facts ought to counteract the efforts of the terrorists to injure the state and should give assurance of its eligibilily for success ful enterprise. CURRENT COMMENT. Zero at this season, is a very common topic of conversation, hut exactly what that arbitrary sign means, no one can easily tell. A writer asks, why is a point 32 degrees below the freezing point on Fahrenheit's thermometer called zero, and answers, nobody knows. The Fahrenheit scale was introduced in 1720. Like other ther mometric scales, it has two fixed points—the freezing point, or rather the melting point of ice, and the boiling point of water. The Centigrade and the Heamur call the freezing point zero, and measure therefrom in both directions. This is a very natural arrangement. Fahrenheit kept the principle on which he graduated his thermom eter a secret, and no one has ever discovered it. It is supposed, however, that he considered his zero—thirty-two degrees below freezing—the point of absolute cold, or absence of all heat, either because, being about the temperature of melting salt and snow, it was the greatest de gree of cold he could produce artificially, or be cause it was the lowest natural temperature of which he could find any record. The grounds on which Fahrenheit put 180 degrees between the freezing points are likewise unknown. Things must be horribly out of time in New York, and the troubles in the stock market pro ductive of a dreary impression upon the mind of the editor of the New York Times. One thing is certain,he should be put on some sort of diet that will furnish a good quality of blood to the brain. The following indicates that tonic is neces sary: "It is suicidal weather. Life does not seem worth living to a sensitive person easily influenced by atmospheric conditions. There is something comfortless aud unhappy in the raw and chilly air, something suggestive of death and decay in the dampness that fills the world, clings to the house doors, drips from the fences, coats the streets with liquid nastiness, moistens one's gar ments, and paints the sky lead-color. It Is a gaunt and grisly sort of world to which one wakes when the ruddy east should be gilded with the footsteps of jocund day, but is sodden with wet ashes. It is a phantom and disappointed day star that sinks unseen behind the fog-banks of evening." Can anything be added to the drap ery of gloom in which that editorial mind is en veloped. Mr. Wm. G. Rose, of Cleveland, who ran for Lieutenant Governor of Ohio, last fall, and un fortunately being upon the Republican ticket, was not elected, has made a trip to the westward, strewing his route with chunks of wisdom in ex change for such news as he could get. In Mis souri, and the states eastward Mr. Rose found the Blaine movement well advanced; "thatwhile Blaine seems to be poring over his manuscript at Washington he Is really engineering a masterly still hunt; that the district convention plan will operate in his favor, by bringing the selectiQn of candidates closer to the people than, heretofore, and that he has diligent agents, who follow his directions so far with marked success. Mr. Rose says that unless signs are amiss, Blaine will loom up formidably within a few weeks." Four years ago Mr. Rose wanted to be made a Blaine dele gate to the Chicago convention, but John Sher man came in and captured the town. Ix gratification of its ideas of "cnltchaw" Bos ton invited George Wm. Curtis to pronounce its eulogy upon Wendell Phillips. Among its reasons for pronouncing this selection the "Very irony of fate" the Boston Traveller quotes from the Phi Beta Kappa oration of Mr. Phillips at Harvard, June 28, 1882, a paragraph which is a keen anatomization of the eulogist. Upon that occasion, Mr. Phillips said; "Thoughtful men see that up to this hour the government of great cities has been with us a failure; that worse than the dry-rot of legislative corruption, than the rancor of p#rty spirit, than even the tyranny of incorporated wealth, is the giant burden of in temperance, making universal suffrage a failure and a curse in every great city. Scholars who play statesmen, aw? editors who masquerade as scholars, can waste m ch excellent anxiety that THE ST. PAUL DAILY GLOBE. MONDAY M'OftNlNG, FEBRUARY 25, 1884. clerks shall get no office until they know the ex act date of Caesar's assassination, as well as the latitude of Pekin, and the Rule of Three. But while this crusade—the temperance movement— has been, for sixty years, gathering its facts and marshaling its arguments, rallying parties, be sieging legislatures and putting great States on the witness stand as evidence of the soundness of its methods, scholars have given it nothing bat a sneer." Congress has got so much money that it does not know what to do with, that a member of the House has proposed an appropriation of $30,000 for the completion of a monument to "Mary Washington, the mother of George Washington." Now, why should congress pay for Mary Wash ington's monument. The idea is ridiculous. No doubt Mrs. Washington was a very good woman, and the mother of a very good son, but the lady has lain in her grave the most part of two hundred years, and nothing particular has happened because she has had no monument paid for by congress, and how can it make any difference if another hundred years or two should elapse, and still no monument. Has any con gressman a friend with a pile of stone and a lot of brass ornaments he wants to sell? More than likely. The red sky which has puzzled the curious, is, perhaps partly accounted for by the southern cy clone, concerning which there are astonishing reports. Two millstones were moved a hundred feet. The bark was blown from trees, and chick ens and birds were stripped of their feathers. Twenty-two persons were killed and forty wound ed within a space of three miles, near Atlanta. The town of Davisboro, in Georgia, was des troyed. Twenty-three dead bodies have been found in Richmond county, N. C. The storm broke so suddenly that the people did not have time to escape from their houses. At midnight the sky was a dazzling red.. The New York Sun points out the moral in the case with a mighty sharp pencil in the following semi-interrogatory: "For an innocent and up right statesman burning to expose the man who has insulted him by a corrupt proposal, Mr. J. Warren Keifer seems to be very anxious for de lay. He wants more time to produce more wit nesses who are ready to give hearsay evidence against Gen. Boynton. Mr. Keifer's time in the house ought to be extremely limited if he doesn't proceed in proving the charges he has made." That's about what the whole country is saying. Since Chicago has been granted the honor of two conventions, both National, it is disposed to look down from a lofty eminence upon other towns that have no national conventions. Boston is made unhappy by a tale of Chicago invention that a dinner of puppy steak and beer was in dulged in by seventeen young Germans of the New Jerusalem club. The Boston Journal plaintively deplores the restless craving for sensations which creates a demand for newspaper fictions— a demand which versatile and unscrupulous cor respondents readily supply. Kate Greena way, whose charming illustrations have made her name a household word upon two continents, is about to turn her artistic, talent to home-building. She has purchased a piece of land at historic Hampstead, England, on which she intends to build herself a characteristic dwell ing. She paid a thousand pounds for the site, and will probably expend two thousand more upon the building and decorations of a home, which, though limited in its proportions, will be unique in its quaint and picturesque beauty. The gentleman who was financially active in promoting the election of Garfield and Arthur, and in pursuance of the bargain made was ap pointed Minister to France, is known in his own country as Levi P. Morton, but the Parisian pa pers in describing his mode of life and grand parties always style him M. Levi-Morton. M. Levi-Morton, it is not contradicted pays liberal advertising rates to have his movements and lux urious parties fully reported in the newspapers of Paris. Some men can never do a generous thing in a generous way. Mapleson reports the net pro ceeds of the benefit for the flood sufferers given by him at Chicago to be $2,500, and he directs that it he distributed only among working men who earn less than $15 a week. If he had any thing to give why need he hedge it about with conditions, and evolve a process difficult to exe cute. The money will be of assistance of course notwithstanding the grudging stipulations. Nearly the last letter written by Wendell Phillips was to a lady in Yickshurg, expressing most kindly feeling toward the southern people. The "peculiar institution" abolished, Mr. Phillips had no prejudice against the southern people. On the contrary he expressed the most thorough contempt for the Republican party policy, best understood as the "bloody shirt," and warmly denounced the demagogues who miserably malign the south. Prof. Perry, of Williams college, Mass., by an ingeniously intricate mathematical calcula tion computes that young Gest, the unfortunate student, who, while coasting at Williamstown, quite recently, met his death, was moving when hurt at the extraordinary momentum of three miles per minute, the rate of one hundred and twenty miles per hour, a speed which distances the average velocity of a cyclone blast. An* esteemed eastern cotemporary laments that the dearth of real politics is attested by the amount of bosh and nonsense which respectable people will print about the movements of fourth class politicians. This line of remark is aimed at Arthur, but is harmless, and his fourth-class instincts tell him that such opposition is his most abundant opportunity to carry out his plans and gratify his ambition. Mrs. Livermore has been out west and reports that she found "a perfect net-work of women's clubs." Mrs. L. should tell us what this new kind of net-work is for, and if the occupants of the net-work drink tea out of china cups as con gressmen do iu Washington. It is to be hoped there is no new mischief afoot, and further in formation is anxiously awaited. A St. Louis paper that is the advocate of the plaintiff in the case of Bismarck vs. the Ameri can Hog, puts in this disrespectful query: "For what is the 22d of February celebrated? In this part of the country it is not celebrated at all." Something like this might be expected from the state of which Col. Frank James is its represen tative hc T o. Toe Ohio river is a very fickle es tablishment. The distance between the extreme low water in the Ohio September 18, 1881, —one foot and eleven inches—and extreme high water February 14, 1884, —seventy-one feet and three quarters of an inch—is sixty-nine feet one inch and three quarters of an inch. At the railroad junction near Macon, Ga., a woman has been switch tender since 1862, having succeeded her husband, who was switchman ten years previons. She is now sixty-two years of age, and is at her post from six in the morning until six at night. During her twenty-two years of service she has never misplaced a switch. The number of passengers carried during the year ending Sept. 30, 1883, by the elevated rail ways of New York city, was 92,124,943. The average rate of the fare was 6, 88-100 cents, amounting in round numbers to more than $5,000,000. The Springfield Republican says: " The New York Sun shines only in spots." It must be con cluded that it is a spotted luminary, but its efful gence Is often very effective, notwithstanding its occasional opacity. The process of the annexation of Canada seems to be going on without the process of a treaty. Last month 2,350 immigrants from Canada set tled in the United States, declaring their inten tions to become citizens. A California young woman aspires to be a street car conductor. She is tired of washing dishes and staying at home to darn stockings. Such ambition should be gratified. Mr. Conkling in speaking of one of the Presi idents of the United States invariably refers to him as Rutherf>*at/d B. Hayes. The fine sarcasm is entirely Conkling-ish. The Michigan supreme court decides that if a wife elopes from her husband with another man, she forfeits all claim to her rights in the deserted husband's estate. In Canada there are fifteen lacrosse players and five cricketers where there is one base ball ast, and yet there is a good deal of muscle in the Dominion. Ash Weunesuay, the first day of Lent, occurs on the 27th instant. AN IDEAL PRESIDENT. An Interesting Survey of the Political Situation by Hon. Wayne MacVeagh. Cause of the General Public Indifference to the Approaching National Contest. The Platforms of the Two Great Parties Foreshadowed—The Tariff Question. The Hon. Wayne MacVeagh, of Pennsyl vania, contributes to The Century for March a significant paper on "The Next Presidency." He : begins by saying: "It is a remarkable fact, and probably this is the first time it has occurred in our history that within a few months of the meeting of the nominating conventions of the two great political parties which divide the suffrages of the country between them, the only interest ing feature of the political situation is the general indifference which prevails in all sections and among all classes, both as to the platforms and the candidates whieh will be presented in the struggle for the next presi dency of the United States. "All thoughtful observers of our politics have noticed for some years past a gradual, but steady increase in political apathy, and many explanations of it have been offered. Some have lamented THE DECAY OF STATESMANSHIP and the absence from the scenes of political strife of great political leaders who gathered to themselves the confidence and the admira tion of the parties which followed them; while others have given undue importance to the fact that we are living in an era of peace, after the exhaustion of a great war. and when the statesman who dealt with the problems presented by the war have so re cently passed away that, possibly, others competent to deal with rising problems have not yet taken their place. "Upon reflection, the truth, however, will be found to be that the average American citizen cares very little about politics at pres ent, because the government under which he lives touches his life very rarely, and only at points of very little importance to him. From his rising up until his lying down, the vast aggregate of his interests and his activi ties is entirely beyond its scope, and there is hardly any serious interest of his life which is effected by it. He selects and pur sues the occupation of his own choice. He educates his children In schools and stand ards chosen by himself. No compulsory service is demanded of him in his youth, and no bur densome taxes oppress him in his old age. The newspapers, as free as air, bring to him such news and such comments thereon as the proprietors suppose he desires to read, and so long as he behaves himself fairly well he is assured that his freedom to say what he likes and do what he likes will not be abridged. Even the great inequalities of fortune, which often seem to him to be un just and unsafe, and which are likely to appeal to the evil passions of the less fortunate, he knows are due either to the possession of less scrupulousness or more energy and capacity by their possessors, or to some of those qualities favored by causes beyond the domain of law. Indeed, the average American citizen is at present without a serious political grievance or a serious political sentiment of any kind, and he believes that his rights will be equally re spected, and the interests of the country per haps equally protected, whether one political party or the other controls the government. He therefore concerns himself, if a man of business, about business; if a man of relig ion, about religion; if a man of letters, about letters, if a man of art, about art; if a man of leisure, about his leisure; and he docs not feel called upon to concern himself about politics at all, except possibly te the ex tent of voting the ticket of his party. "Of course, such a state of feeling can exist only in a time of peace, and when no great and exciting question is agitating the public mind; but that is the present, and is likely to be for a considerable period the future condition of this country, and it must be expected therefore, that the great mass of our citizens will not take any very active in terest in the conduct of politics or in the strifes of parties. This condition of things is no doubt very undesirable, for it certainly tends to leave the management of our poli tics in the hands of persons who make it a profession, and expect therefore, directly or indirectly, to make a livelihood and perhaps a fortune by it. Indeed, very much of what is known as 'machine politics' is due to his political apathy, which is in turn reproduced and strengthed by such politics." * Mr. MacVeagh finds the best illustration of this truth in the municipal government of the great cities. He shows by reference to the cases of New York and Philadelphia the formidable and dangerous influences exerted upon national affairs through the control of social politics exercised by the lowest ele ments. In speaking of this Tweed ring and the canal ring of New York, he declares that "it is to THE LASTING CREDIT OF MR. TILDEN that he was courageous enough and capable enough to do better work in the overthrow and punishment of such men than has been permitted, possibly to any other American citizen." He continues: "Politicans, whether in city or country are, therefore, abundantly justified in their belief, and they are safe in acting upon it, that the vast majority of the voters of each party will continue to vote the ticket labeled with the old name without very much regard to any other consideration; and when to this general party fealty of the great mass of voters is added a general apathy on political subjects, the political situation is undoubtedly grave; for the nomination of candidates to all places of profit or honor, including the presidency of the United States, is relegated to a eonsiderable extent to men who follow the business of politics for plunder or for office. What kind of candidates such men are likely to consider it will be to their inter est to present this year, becomes, therefore, a very important question. "As to the platforms, it is likely both parties will substantially agree in their enun ciation of what they are pleased to call their principles, with only such changes of phraseology as may give it an appearance of difference to them. They would seem to be invited to this course by the lack of any im portant principle of governmental action upon which they radically and honestly differ. THE WAR 13 OVER, and nobody but now and then an editor in need of a flaming leader, thinks of abusing the south as a section, or of insisting that the civil government of great industrial states, such as the southern states are rapidly becoming, could be wisely intrusted to the least intelligent of their people. It is not likely, therefore, that the Republican con vention will declare strongly against the south. They will, of course, throw a tub to the whale in that respect in some general phrases; but they will have no vitality in them, and the chairman of the committee, when he reads them, will do so with his tongue in his cheek. "Even the repudiation of the debt of Vir ginia will not be commended, becauso Ma honeism, falling in everything else, has at last succeeded in compelling its opponents to accept its policy in that respect, and to ap prove repudiation now would be to approve the position of both the Democrats and read justee. It is to be hoped that the Republi cans who assisted to secure this result are satisfied with it; certainly, those of us who protested against this dishonesty from the beginning are glad they made their protest. "On the other hand, the Democratic con vention is in no danger now of denying that we are a nation, or of refusing to the na tional government any of the powers or attributes inherent in a great sovereignty. If they differ from ihe Republican conven tion in any degree upon that question this year, it will only be whether the word nation should be spelled with a capital letter or not, and that is a difference upon which angry passions cannot be aroused. "As to the tariff, in view of the surprising support Mr. Carlisle received from the northwest, and of the doubts which are now known to exist as to the policy of a high protective tariff in some of the stalwart Republican states of that section it is not improbable that the difference in the plat form of the two parties upon that subject may, in the end, be reduced to a declaration by the Eepublican convention in favor of a protective tariff with incidental revenue, and to a declaration bv the Democratic con vention in favor of a revenue tariff with in cidental protection. If these identical phrases should not be nsed. other phrases equally ambiguous and elastic doubtless will, and care will be taken that it shall not be difficult for the Democrats of Pennsylvania to continue to he good Democrats, or for the Republicans of Iowa to continue to be good Republicans. Persons who suppose that the two parties will take positions of absolute antagonism on this subject are likely to suffer a severe disappointment. When the smoke clears away it is not probable anybody will be found clamoring for less protection to our industries than will represent the actual dif ference in wages here and abroad, and no body will be vigorously demanding any duty on raw materials if the duty has to be deducted from the wages of American labor. It would not be at all surprising if both plat forms and the letters of acceptance of both candidates were found substantially in ac cord with the views presented in the" letter of Mr. Hewitt, recently published. Indeed, that eminent and able statesman offers in himself the example of a happy compromise; as a leading manufacturer, he needs the fact of protection to American labor, and as a lead ing Democrat, he needs the cry of revenue reform; and he takes excellent care to retain both. "The currency question is now practically out of politics. " We shall not be humiliated again by the melancholly announcement to which we were treated for so many years by shining lights of both parties, at first as to our duty to pay the national debt in paper promises, to pay it only when it suited our convenience, and then only in other paper promises, and afteward as to our duty to pay it in silver coin of considerable less value than our promises. NO TRACE OF SUCH DISHONOR will be discoverable in the platform of either party this year. By common consent we have recurred to the simple, plain rule of re garding a dollar as meaning neither more nor less, but precisely what our laws declared it to be when we used it in our bonds and in our notes—a certain number of grains of gold of a certain fineness. It is mortifying but instructive to remember how much congressional and platform eloquence would have been saved if our politicians had done the people the justice to believe that, sooner or later, their sturdy good sense and honesty would bring them to that very obvious standard of duty in measuring the obligations they had assumed. **It is very likely that both parties will pronounce very vigorously in favor of civil service reform. Some of those who wit nessed it still remember with shame the ap plause with which the last Republican nation al convention greeted a delegate who de nounced it as a humbug, and declared that the object near«t to the heart of the convention was the continued division of the public offices as spoils of war, according to the will of the bosses in their several grades. This year the convention will be more circumspect. It will point with pride to the law recently en acted by congress and approved of by the president, but it will forget to state that it was.onlyso enacted and affirmed after the party and president had suffered such a dis astrous and humiliating rebuke by the people that the advent of the Democratic party to power seemed assured. "TheDemocratic convention will probably add a touch of humor to its treatment of the subject. It will give us a ringing declaration in favor of a radical and thorough reform, but it will insist that tbe first step in such a reform is to 'turn the rascals out.' It will forget to add that its definition of a rascal will be found to be any Republican holdingan office. And if brought to book for trifling with a grave subject, the Democrats will assert that we set them the excellent ex ample, --.hat we delayed the reform for fifteen years and until we believed we were about to be turned out, and then we had recourse to it odly to retain our hold upon the offices. And then they may proceed to ask some awk ward questions, as, for instance, why Gen. Burt was dismissed from the naval office at New York, in view of bis long and invalua ble services to the cause; what member of the present cabinet has ever spoken a word in its favor; why Commissioner Evans was al lowed to dismiss competent officials from the •internal revenue service to make way for men like Hoiton, 'recommended by Gov. Butler'; why the offices of Virginia were turned over to Senator Mahone, and why the organ of administration, owned by the friends of the president and edited by His assistant postmaster general, has never ceased to indulge in sneers at the re form, and continues to publish advertise ments offering to purchase influence in ap pointments to office. And Democratic ora tors will probably not forget to mention the recent action of the Republican senate. The gentlemen elected are doubtless excellent and capable officers, but the changes are made on partisan grounds only; and the proscription extended even to the chaplain, as if tbe prayers of a Christian minister were likely to be better or worse by reason of the political party to which he happened to be long. The michief of such an action is double. It encourages the belief that Repub lican protestations in favor of civil-service reform are (insincere, and it makes a pre cedent sure to be fruitful of evil. "It is not improbable, therefore, that the voter who does not acknowledge a blind par tisan fealty which forbids his looking further than the name by which his ticket is labeled may have to decide his vote by a considera tion of the past careers of the respective can didates. He will know, whether he finds it in any platform or not, that the presidency of the United States is, in the hands of a strong, capable and aggressively honest man, an oflice of very great opportunities, and, therefore, of very grave responsibilities; and if he has made himself conversant with the recent history of his country and the tendencies of its public life, he will also know* that there is at this time great and noble work awaiting a president able and willing to do it. It goes without saying that he must be absolutely un trammeled when he takes his solemn oath to defend the constitution and to execute the laws. He must not have sought the nomi nation, nor must he have shown after the nomination what President Woolsey so aptly called, 'a most uncommon anxiety' for his election, for he must be without friends to reward and without enemies to punish. In the present state of affairs at Washington, he must not only be an honest man, but he must be a cause of honesty in others. He must really HATE EVERY FORM OF THIEVERY, and must be able to dedicate himself to the solemn work of reforming not only the ad ministrative service of the national govern ment, but the very atmosphere itself of the national capital. "Four years of administration of the na tional government by such a man would transform the public life of America. He would recognize the just limitations of true civil-service reform, and know that all politi cal officers in the executive department, all such officers representing in any degree the political action of the government, ought to be in harmony with it, and that his cabinet— his official household —ought to be composed of men possessed of his entire political and personal confidence, and in earnest sympathy with him in the work he proposed to accom plish." In conclusion Mr. MacVeagh says: "It is, of course, difficult to discover how many voters in the United States are now willing ' to try to secure a president of the character which has been indicated; but it is safe to say that there is a considerable numher of them, and that they will not be imposed upon either by ambiguous expressions in platforms or by death-bed repentance in can didates. It may be assumed that no man will be nominated for the presidency who has not been for a considerable time in the view pf his fellow-citizens. They will ac cordingly judge him not by what he says or does in expectation of his candidacy, but by the general course and tenor of his public life. They will not expect him to agree with them in all things, but they will insist quite strenuously that the general drift and purpose of his career shall have been in ac cordance with the highest standards of public honesty and purity. As the time for the national conventions grows nearer, the in fluential politicians of each party will become more and more sensible of the wisdom of yielding to a considerable extent to this de mand of the independent voter. They know that party ties sit now much more loosely than ever before, and that the next contest is likely to be very close —so close that even a small handful of brave and independent men in a single state may be able to decide it. They will therefore > make con siderable sacrifices of their own J preferences in order to give their party the best chance of suceess at the polls. It IS not at all likely that any candidate will be nominated on partisan grounds only, or because he is a reliable, steadfast party man; and it is much less likely that any man will be nominated hv either party whose political career on its moral side has ever been the subject of serious criticism, or whose POLITICAL METHODS AND STANDARDS have been objectionable to anv considerable section of his party. Then, too, the Dem ocratic party will be sure to avoid nominating any man who can be shown to have been iu active sympathy with tbe rebellion; and the Republican party will be equally sure to avoid nominating any man whose candidacy would reopen, on the one side or the other, the controver.-v which was waged so fiercely against President Gariield, which resulted so fatally to him, and whieh did not cease when he was in his grave. That controversy and the awful tragedy which followed it are still painfully remembered bv verv manv Repub lican voters in other states besides Ohio, and any nomination made in contempt of the opinions entertained upon that subject would be equivalent to a surrender before the battle began. ••The only real danger lies in the possibility of each party presenting a candidate who has never been bad enough to provoke active hostility, and never good enough to offend the baser sort of his own partv. ami who, if. elected, would form an administration of discordant elements and 'unrelated parts.' going possibly to the bench for one cabinet minister and to the lobby for another, and selecting the rest at haphazard, or for reasons of locality, or because they were out of a place, or because they desired to show the country they were 'not so black as they were painted,' or for some such reason. "Until such a misfortune actually happens, however, we will hope that one partv or the other, if not both, will offer a candidate whose politics are positive, not negative, and who is really fit to be the president of fifty millions of free men; a man and not a name only, a statesman and not a politician oulv, of greatness of miud, an ardent lover of his country aud her free institutions, resolute to defend the right and assail the wrong, aud without spot or stain in his connection with politics, or suspicion of any such thing. Each party possesses many men answering these requirements, and it Is very likely that one party or the other will ask the suffrages of the people for such a man. Possibly the good fortune awaits us of witnessing a con test for the presidency in which both candid ates will be strong, pure men, willing and able to do the good work whieh is waiting to be done, and whieh only such a president can do." THE OLD WORLD. A Report That El Mahdi is Marching on Khartoum. The Views of the Surrender of Tokar Accept ed in Soudan as a British Defeat A GENERAL ADVANCE. Scakim, Feb. 24.—A number of Nubian troops assembled at the wharf to-day to em bark for Triukitat. At the last moment they refused to proceed, saying their bullets would not penetrate the shields of the icbels, aud asking why they were required, since British troops had been sent. The military authori ties decided to employ the Nubians as canal drivers. The whole British expedition, num bering 4,300 men, landed at Trinkitat to-day. The rebels eould be seen on all sides. It is estimated there are from 10,000 to 1'2,000 of them in the immediate vicinity of Triukitat. The men-of-war, Juinla, lleela. Ranger, Carysfort and Orontes, are at Triukitat, and Euryalus, Decoy and Sphinx are at Suakim. Gen. Graham sent from Triukitat 200 cav alry, more following. A general advance will take place to-morrow. A fort has been erected 600 yards from Trinkitat. AN" ADVANCE ORDERED. Cairo, Feb. 24.—lieu. Stephenson sent a telegram to London to-day strongly urging that an advance be made from Trinkitat. and the secretary of state for war in reply ordered an immediate advance. He also asked that Europeans killed at Teb be buried in a fitting manner. will operate against bacninh. Paris, Feb. 24.—Gen. Millot, commander of the land forces at Tonquin, has left three battalions at Sontay and three at Haiphong, and is preparing to operate against Bacninh with 0,000 men. PRUSSIAN LABOR TROUBLE". Stettin, Feb. 24.—Three hundred unem ployed working peopj-e held a meeting to-day. Cyvoct, recently condemned to death for causing a fatal explosion at the Lyons theater restaurant in September, 1882, was elected honorary president. The assemblage pro ceeded in a body to the prefecture to hold a conference with tbe prefect, but the latter was absent. They afterwards sent fifteen delegates to the prefect, who received five of them. He informed them that he was unable to remedy the labor crisis, but would do his utmost for the men. Order was preserved by gen d'armes. ADVISING AGAINST EMIGRATION. Dublin, Feb. 24.—A pastoral letter from Bishop Carr was read in the Catholic, churches of the diocese of Galway to-day, advising people not to emigrate and calling attention to a lettle from the archbishop of Toronto stating that there were in Toronto emigrants from Galway actually starving. visiting the QUEEN. London, Feb. 24. —The German corvette Olga arrived at Plymouth a few days ago from a cruise in the West Indies with Prince Henry on board. She suffered much damage in the recent gales and is now undergoing repairs at Devonport. The prince is visiting Queen Victoria at Windsor. MARCHING ON KHARTOUM. Khartoum, Feb. 24.—The effects of Gen. Gordon's proclamation are fading. It is report ed that Elmahdi, with the main body of his army, left Bara and is marching on Khar toum via Duem. Gen. Gordon asked the khedive to issue a decree confirming the in dependence of Soudan. The porte has warned the khedive to maintain the integrity of the Soudan and give no recognition what ever to Elmahdi. The khedive's dilemma has given rise to fresh rumors of his abdica tion. THE KHEDIVE WILL LIVE IN PARIS. Paris, Feb. 24.—The Memorial D'qAoma tique asserts that agents of the khedive are preparing a hotel there for himself and family. JEWS COMPELLED TO FLEE. Vienna, Feb. 24.—Advices from the pro vince of Pattana, South Russia, state that the Jews who are unable to show that they are possessed of landed property are expelled from the province. Many of them have been forced to cross the Austrian frontier. A petition presented to Count Tolstoi, Rus sian minister of the interior, begging for time to enable the Jews to purchase land, re mains unanswered. "WILL MASSACRE EUROPEAN'S. Scakim, Feb. 24.—It is common talk at this bazaar that Osman Digma will very soon make an attack on this place, in which event it is expected that the black inhabitants will declare for El Mahdi and massacre the Europeans. NEGOTIATING WITH KING JOHN*. Cairo, Feb. 24. —Gen. Graham, command er of the Tokar expedition, has telegraphed General Stephenson an urgent request for reinforcements of artillery, as he is armed only with camel guns, against Osman Dig ma's artillery, now served by gunners" from Tokar. News of the surrender of Tokar spread throughout Soudan as an English de feat. The rebels are negotiating for the sur render of Cassala and other garrisons, to in duce them to join El Mahdi. The govern ment ordered Admiral Hewett to send Com mander Wolfe to King John, of Abyssinia, with instructions to offer to surrender a part of the district of Sankeet, a portion of the territory taken from Abyssinia by Gen. Gor don, on the condition that the Abyssinians march to liberate Egyptian prisoners in southern Soudan. King John demands an interview with Admiral Hewett, and the con cession of Massowah, without waiting to ne gotiate. CRIMES AND CASUALTIES. Fatal Fire at Jackson, Miehigan,«- Three Killed and Several Bad ly Injured. A Fight noar Greenwood. Texas, Be tween Officers and Horsethievea— One of the Latter Killed. FATAL FIRE. Jack-son. Mich., Feb. 24.—A disastrous fire broke out this morning at 6 o'clock in the wooden building occupied by J. J. Barnes as a cigar store, and before it eould be ox - tinguished destroyed the I'nion hotel i occupied by the Uniou hotel, the Union Hail theater. Waldron & Curtis, drug store: • son Savings bank. II. II. t.'.ise and C. K. El- Hot, groceries; W. H. Ei-kler, saloon. The block was owned by D. B. Hubbard, aud cost $125,00$. The fire also destroyed the tine frame building occupied by William Ault man. boots and shoes*. John Rath. Jeweler: Chat Aniba, barber shop and residence: .1. J. Barnes, cigar store: Rutson Lro-.., confec tioners; Barrett A Dallas, tinsmiths; Moses Weiger, saloon. The loss by tire and water will exceed $175,000, partially insured. Several ttvee were reported lost. One body, that of Chas. Cornell, a crippled soldier, has been r ered. Four other-, were injured so that thy will die, John Prior, Mrs. Banks, a waitress and an unknown colored man. James Hemes, of Cleveland, in attempting to jump from the third story window, struck the tele graph wires and was whirled around iu such a manner as to strike on his head and shoul ders on the pavement. lie was Injured so that he will die. Charles Kimball, of Kala mazoo, Mich., also received a bad Scalp wound in Jumping from the balcony in front of the hotel. His injuries are not fatal. A FIOHT W1TU HOK91 THIKVX9. Decati-u, Tex., Feb. 24.—There was » desperate flght between a band of burse thieves aud a constable's posse, near Green wood this morning. Dr. \V. P. Smith, me of the posse, was shot through the bowels and is dying. A number of others were wounded, but how serionslj Is unknown. Two horses belonging to the posse were killedr One horse thief was shot in the breast, but escaped. The people are out en masse pttriUing the outlaws. THE TAVI.oR Ml*l*I*EK. Cincinnati, Feb. 24.—The funeral at Avuudale town hall at thn e this afternoon of Beverly Taylor and Elizabeth Taylor, man and wife, and Eliza Jane Lambert, their grand daughter, lasted over >iv hours. Over 1,000 persons were present, one-fourth of whom were the best white citizens of Avon dale. Several clergymen spoke, all colored except Rev. Joseph Emory, city missionary, Mr. Emory spoke first and said, these crim inals, by the law of God, deserved do mercy. Theirs was a crime which deserved summa ry punishment, without resort to the courts, by the citizens taking the law into their own hands. These remarks were greeted with shouts, in whieh while and black joined. Elder K. Scott, the next speaker, colored. said the plea of insanity might be urged for these criminals, but bethought the best treatment for these men was for each one a .-tout rope and the nearest lamp post. Then he went on asking: Do they deserve mercy* Did they show any 1 Did they show mercy- Did they show mercy when the; knocked out Elizabeth Taylor's brain-- Did they show mercy when they beat down that helpless lit tie girl, or when they knocked oldBeverlj Tay lor in the head, pleading for mercy ! To each of these question ithe audience responded with a thunderous ■*no." Resolution-; were ; thanking the officers and denouncing the crime and a resolution which read: A That searching and untiring Investigation be continued to develop if there be any com plicity with the man who bought the bodies. The bodies were viewed and 'Alien the funeral services ended they were tak. n to the colored people's cemetery and locked in a vault. Allen [ngalls and Ben. Johnson, the prison ers in Jail, contradict each other's stories. Johnson la sullen, while [ngalls talks freely. Johnson baa said [ngalls did the clubbing. akkesti-.i) fui: pouoxnro. Mt. Cahmel. Pa..Feb. *21.—Andrew Kuep pie aud Mrs. Kh-skisk have been arrested, suspected of poisoning the husband of the latter. DROPPED DEAD. Ft. Wayne, Ind., Feb. 'J4.—This morn ing Jacob Lehman, a highly respected citi izen of this city aged seventy-four . while attending services at the German Evangelical church, dropped dead in the aisle. The coroner's verdict was death from heart disease. A TEXAS FIRE. Galveston, Feb. U4. — Nem Corsicana special: Mallory <fc Allen's clothing store with the saloon adjoining were destroyed by fire this morning. Two other buildings were badly damaged. Total loss £50,000; insurance unknown. Mallory X, Allen's loss was $25,000; insurance $M0,0U0. THE FLOOD AT CAIRO. Cairo, 111., Feb 24.—The signal service re port now shows SI feet 10 inches, 4 inches below the high water of last year. The rivers will be falling to-night after being on a stand for forty-eight hours, and will fall rap idly to-morrow. The people of Cairo have good reason to feel jubilant over their exper ience In this year's flood. No interruption of business or damage to property in the city has occurred. The Illinois Central railroad, the only road crossing the line of the flood, has kept uninterrupted communication be tween the north and south, not missing a train or connection, and thus greatly accom modating the traveling public. Extra pas senger trains were put On the road for sev eral days, and their transfer boats were kept busy crossing with trains between the in clines on both siib-s. Over the river trains Were running through over Hooded tracks, north of Cairo, at full rate speed, with per fect safety. The Mobile A: Ohio railroad hav ing its northern terminus here, also main tained constant communication. SIn CBBSTVL JEWELRY ROBBERY. Troy, N. Y., Feb.24.—Early this morning burglars effected an entrance into E. Marks & Son's jewelry store,first gaining entrance to insurance the oflice next door. The safe door was forced from its hinges, and contents taken, including diamonds, gold watches. cash, jewelry,etc..the estimated value of which is between $40,000 and $50,000. This is said to be the most expert job performed by burglars in this city in eighteen years. No clue. A GREEN* BAY FIRE. Green Bay, Wis., Feb. 24.—The Geo. W. Lamb Mercantile company's dry goods house was damaged by fire last night to the amount of $10,000; insurance over $21,000. The origin of the fire Is unknown. DIED FROM MALPRACTICE. Bradford, Pa.,Feb. 24.—The postmortem examination of the remains of Delia A. Clough, aged 27, of Corry, Pa., who died suddenly last "Wednesday, developed the fact that death resulted from malpractice. Dr. Cox, the attending physician, andMrs. Darly, nurse, have been arrested. They protest in nocence. SUICIDE OP A WELL-KSOWX MINER. Denver, Feb. 24.—George H. Fryer, one of Colorado's best known mining men,from whom the celebrated Fryer Hill at Leadville derived its name, died here this morning from an overdose of morphine, administered by his own hand. Two vears ago he was worth $500,000. His extravagance and lib erality to friends was the cause of his finan cial ruin. KILLED BY HIS WIFE. Milwaukee, Feb. 24.—Peter Connolly, aged sixty-five years, was killed to-night while in a drunken quarrel with his wife. She threw a wooden bucket at his head, which caused him to fall down stairs and break his neck. Mrs. Connolly was arrested. a $50,000 fire. Chicago, Feb. 24.—A fire to-night de stroyed the hoist house, engine rooms and other minor buildings connected with the works of the Calumet Iron -fc Steel compativ, at Cummlngs Station, twenty miles southeast of this city. The loss is roughlv estimated at J $30,000 to $50,000; fully insured.