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St. Paul daily globe. [volume] (Saint Paul, Minn.) 1884-1896, February 27, 1884, Image 5

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:DafIp @ (KIo&e.
Official Paper of the City and County.
PRINTED AND PUBLISHED.
ET THE
ST. PAUL GLOBE PRINTING COMPANY,
No. 321 Wabashaw Street, St. Paul.
ST. PAUL, WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 27.
MOT TERMS OF THE GLOBE.
SEVEN ISSUES PER WEEK—BY CARRIER
One Year, payable in advance S8 00
Six Months, payable in advance 4 25
Three .Month? 2 25
Per Month "
SIX ISSUES PER WEEK—BY MAIL, POST
AGE PAID.
One Year S° 00
Six Months 3 50
Three Months 2 00
One Month ™
All mail subscriptions payable invariably in
advance.
Seven issues per week by mail at same rates
as by carrier.
SUNDAY GLOBE.
By Carrier —per year $2 °°
By Mail—per year, postage paid 1 50
WEEKLY GLOBE-
By Mail—postage paid, per yeai SI 15
DAILY WEATHER BULLETIN.
Office.Chief Signal Officer, )
Washington, D. C, Feb. 26, 9:56 p. m. )
Observations taken at the same moment of
time at all stations named.
UPPER MISSISSIPPI VALI.ET.
Bar. Ther. Wind. Weather.
St Paul 30.09 26 NW Cloudy
La Crosse 30.03 28 NW Cloudy
XOBTHWEST.
Bar. Ther. Wind. Weather.
Bismarck 30.55 11 N Cloudy
Ft. Garry 30.59 -13 NW Clear
Minnedosa 30.70 -15 N Clear
Moorhead 30.41 - H N Clear
Qn'Appelle 30.73 -0 NW Clear
St. Vincent 30.52 -11 NW Clear
northern eockt mountain slope.
Bar. Ther. Wind. Weather.
Ft. Aeslnaboine.30.68 22 Calm Clear
Ft. Buford 30.07 2 NW Clear
Ft. Custer 30.64 23 N Fair
Helena, M. T...30.58 32 NW Clear
Huron. D. T 30.48 14 N Clear
Medicine Hat...30.64 19 NE Cloudy
UPPER LAKES.
Bar. Ther. Wind. Weather.
Duluth 29.12 20 N Light snow
DAILY LOCAL MEANS.
Bar. Ther. Dew Point. Wind. Weather.
30.028 24.8 13.7 NW Cl'y,Snowy
Amount of rainfall or melted snow, .01, max
imum thermometer, 32.0; minimum thermom
eter, 16.5; daily range, 15.5.
River, frozen.
- Below zero.
Note—Barometer corrected for temperature
and elevation.
P. F. Lyons,
Sergeant, Signal Corps, U. S. A.
TO-DAY'S WEATHER.
Washington, Feb. 26.—Indications for
upper Mississippi light snows followed by
clearing, colder weather, northerly winds,
higher barometer.
Missouri, colder, generally fair weather.
north-east to north-west winds, generally
higher barometer.
YESTERDAYS MARKETS.
There was no change in the markets at St.
Paul yesterday, grain and other produce beiag
quiet and steady. At Milwaukee wheat was dull
and Slow, but closed [email protected] higher than on L\Ion
day. The Chicago market showed a slightly
better tone, wheat closing at it* higher.
Corn and oats about steady, and pork
above Monday's closing. Wall street was quU\
and without excitement. Money easy and un
changed. Bonds were firm, and stocks without
Special interest. The market opened strong and
higher, but weakened and declined, closing with*
the general list lower than Monday. Mining
shares .were dull and without special inter* -it.
WASHINGTOO BUREAU.
The Washington News Bureau of the St. P-ml,
Globe is located at 1,42$ New York avcnui
Residents of the northwest visiting Washington
and having matters of local Interest to give the
public will receive prompt and courteous atten
tion by calling at or addressing the above n um
ber. All letters so addressed to give the name ana
Washington address of the Bender, to ensnre at
tention.
The Globe can be found on sale at the follow
ing news stands in Washington:
NATIONAL HOTEL.
METROPOLITAN HOTEL.
ARLINGTON HOTEL.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
New York journal says: "it is of of more
inportance to this country that Germany
should accept our pork than our sympathy."
This is especially true when it is considered
thatfour pork importations last year reached
the value of $71,000,000. We ought not to
be over sensitive about foreign hoggishness
when we are tainted with home piggighness
in raising barriers against receiving the pro
duct of other countries.
There is pending in the New York legis
lature a proposed amendment of the state
constitution prohibiting the manufacture
and sale of intoxicating liquor. The Re
publicans generally agree to support it, on
the grounds thatin the rural counties a large
portion of the Republicans are Prohibition
ists, and would vote against the Republican
party if it does not submit the question of
prohibition to a vote of the people. No dem
agogism in that, nothing but pure philan
thropy.
A Number of the President's friends from
the west called on him to talk over his pros
pects for obtaining the nomination at Chica
go. They told him plainly that in no way
could he strengthen himself more than by
changing his cabinet. They mentioned par
ticularly, Brewster, Chandler and Folger.
The President was embarrassed. He neither
wanted to turn out or retain them. He
would be glad to accept their resignations if
they would tender them. What, a pitiable
thing is Republican party chicanery, as
practiced! -at the present day. Their princi
ples are'vthe loaves and fishes," or in other
words official station.
Minister West has finally over his own
signature exculpated Mr. Hewitt from the
charge of visiting him (West) and undertak
ing to lessen in a private conversation the
force of the resolutions passed by the house
with reference to O'Donnell. The letter was
not needed, at least so far as the estimate
of sensible people is concerned. Little Perry
Belmont would do well to resume now his
nursing bottle and give the public a
rest'from his squallings, and for a time do
his "mewling and his puking in his nurses
arms" rather than in the lap of a nauseated
public. The Democratic party needs to give
its whole attention to the main issue, if it
shall win, in the approaching contest and not
waste its strength by any internal fights.
Now that the time and place of holding
the National Political conventions have been
fixed, speculations as to the probable candi
dates are rife. That the Republicans feel un
wonted anxiety as to the candiate of their
party, and the result, is clearly manifest.
They regard New Y'ork as the pivotal state,
and manifestly feel that with New York they
are safe, and without it their defeat is certain.
Hence, every possible effort foul or fair will
be put forth by party bosses and managers to
carry that state. The stalwarts seem to think
a stalwart ticket alone can carry the state.
These views and statements at this time are
of interest. A prominent New York politi
can, "a stalwart of the stal
warts." a warm friend of Gen. Grant and
ex-Senator Conkling, who maintains with
them, and other leading stalwart bosses, the
closest personal relations, was interviewed
the other day and said that "Edmunds and
Lincoln was the one ticket which could carry
New York state surely. Edmunds would
command the confidence of the country.
Everybody would feel, were he put in nomin
ation at Chicago, that the wisest thing for
harmony in the party had been done. Ver
mont being so small a state, Edmunds would
be looked at not as a Vermont or New Eng
land candidate, but as the candidate of the
whole party all over the country. Logan had
begun too soon, as he always did. His un
sound record on financial matters would hurt
him in the eye3 of the moneyed classes and
the banks. Gen. Sherman could be elected,
but It was not the thing to do. He was, with
out doubt, a Republican, but he was not a
statesman. Then, too, the politicians would
feel that John Sherman would be likely to
have altogether a disproportionate influence
at the White House. It was all nonsense for
the New York Times to eay that, if Gen.
Sherman were President, the White House
would become a centre of Jesuit influence,
for there was probably no man in the coun
try who was less possessed by an ecclesiasti
cal bias. But, all the same, the fact that his
wife and son were ardent Catholics would
harm his candidacy. After looking the field
all over, this gentleman, a representative
stalwart, thought Edmunds 'the coming
man."' It comes quite material for "the
bloody-shirt" party, to trade on the repu
tation of its first martyred President. Noth
ing comes more easily to the stalwart par
tisan than to play the part of a demagogue.
Keifer seems to be getting into deep wa
ter before his committee in the Boynton case.
He accuses the committee of unfairness, and
he and his counsel appear very much ex
cited and unhappy. It seems to be very clear
that the committee do not give credence to
Keifer's testimony. His witnesses weaken
rather than strengthen his case. He is con
stantly asking for delay and postponement to
get other witnesses. The com
mittee and Boynton wish to
go on with the investigation, and Keifer and
his counsel denounce the committee for
crowding the ex-speaker. But they grant
him another delay. It is quite apparent that
Keifer iias sunken very low in the estimation
of Lis fellow-congressmen, and is likely to
suffer more in his character for veracity and
general uprightness, in his attempt to incul
pate Boynton as a bribe giver.
A HAPPY FAMILY.
A proud lot are the men who went from
Chicago to Washington to secure the holding
of the Democratic convention in that city.
The delegation was made up from all availa
ble sources. There were some county com
missioners, some aldermen, a representa
tive of the Iroquois club, several lawyers and
private citizens, the mayor and a delega
tion of ward manipulators, headed by
a sleek curiosity, known as
Joseph Chesterfield Mackin and Mike
McDonald an ex-gambler and now a power
behind the throne of the municipal executive.
This vast delegation naturally became dis
tributed into sympathetic groups and each of
them carried on the campaign after its own
fashion. The result is that after the return of
the expedition with victory inscribed on its
banners each platoon of the force believers
aud claims that it did the fighting, and
won the battle. What is curious about it is
that each of the minute divisions not only
believes that it did all the fighting and won
the victory, but what was done by the others
was a positive damage. "It was my speech
that settled the matter," says the mayor.
'The speech of the mayor came very near
throwing us out," says another faction.
'*I could tell you just what decided
the ease, only a fellow doesn't like
to talk about himself, you know," says one of
the aldermanlc gang; .and so on with all the
others. The result of this success will be that
for the next fifteen years at least, there will
be a half a hundred men who also will be
clamorous for municipal honors on the
ground that they, each of them, was the one
who secured for Chicago the Democratic con-
Vi ntion.
/. :.V/; TITLE* TX NEW MEXICO.
New Mexico was acquired by the United
.*■ it.-s under the treaty of Gaudaloupe Hidal
ffo. There were existing thousands of Span
ish claims to real estate. These claims still
continue. Very few have been settled since
the treaty. In this state of things it is very
difficult to get a clear, safe and undisputed
title to land in the territory of New Mexico.
To ascertain and quiet the titles to real es
tate in the territory, Senator Edmunds has
introduced a bill into the Senate,
'•to provide for ascertaining
and settling private land claims in certain
states and territories." The bill provides
that all claimants shall within three years
after the act takes effect, presenttheir ciaims
and proofs to the courts, and that no claim
shall be allowed for any land, the title of
which has been lawfully decided by congress,
and that no claim shall be allowed for more
than eleven square leagues, a territorial
tract slightly under 50,000 acres, nor for a
greater quantity than was authorized by the
respective laws of Spain and Mexico. All
just Indian titles are to be respected. The bill
also restricts the almost unlimited power of
the Surveyor General, and reserves all min
eral rights in land grants to the government.
The bill lays the ax to the roots of the nu
merous jobs put up by unscrupulous
speculators aud adventurers. Those who
oppose the bill are parties anxious to derive
benefit by land job operations. Such opposi
tion is not legitimate. Those interested par
ties want a commission appointed to settle
conflicting land claims, in the hope of
controlling such commission for
their own benefit. A prime object
of these opponents of the bill is to get a Sur
veyor General appointed whose action they
can contend. It is almost inconceivable to
what arts men high up in social and political
and official positions will resort to defraud
the government for their own personal ag
grandizement. They are simply public
plunderers under very thin disguises.
The passage of Mr. Edmunds' bill will be
strongly contested in the Senate by these
land-grabbers and their friends,
but it is to be hoped there will be virtue
enough, even in a Republican Senate, to pas3
the bill and thus provide a check to public
land steals, and also make a way to settle
land titles. Till this is done there can be
no settled quiet, and pernament prosperity
for the territory of New Mexico.
A FARCE INSTEAD OF A FIGHT.
The arrival of English newspapers con
taining the correspondents' accounts of
the defeat of Baker Pasha shows that there
was scarcely anything in the affair which is
worthy the name of a battle. The event is
so full of cowardice, incapacity and demoral
ization that it is at once painful and disgust
ing. There is no redeeming feature in the
so-called fight, from the initiation to the
moment when the last of the terror-stricken
and flying fugitives were speared by their
merciless pursuers. In brief, the
battle was a pursuit of the rebels
so long as they appeared to
be running away, and a wild flight the mo
ment the rebels, having discovered the Egyp
tians a few miles from their base, turned up
on them and showed fight. Some rebels ap
peared in the distance and were charged by
some of Baker's cavalry. The latter soon
became scattered and encountering some of
their own scouts in retreat, they at once
turned and fled without having reached the
enemy which they had started out to charge.
The main body saw the cavalry coming back
pursued by the enemy and an attempt to
form a square was made, but the
effort was defeated partly by the
cowardice of the troops and by the com
motion caused by the retreating cavalry,
which, without pulling rein, flew through the
main body and continued their flight to the
sea shore. The square was in part formed,
but speedily melted away, the entire army
being soen onlj a demoralized mass of fu-
THE ST. PAUL DAILY GLOBE, WEDNESDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 27. 1884.
gitives, straining every nerve to reach the
protection of the guns of the English vessels.
The rebeLs followed, cutting down the Egyp
tians without resistance and at their leisure.
The Anglo-Egyptian force numbered over
5,000 men and of these 2,300 were
slaughtered in less than fifteen minutes. Of
their number thus butchered nearly 100 were
officers and many of them were Englishmen.
No attempt is made to estimate the losses of
the enemy, but it is quite probable that their
casualties were limited to the accidents
which occurred from running over each
other in the chase after the forces of Baker
Pasha. It needed this disgraceful defeat to
show to the world the nature of the fight
which the English had on their hands a year
ago, when they made war on
the Egyptian troops. The men who
were with Baker were the
same men, or, the same kind of men, that
opposed the English when they .bombarded
Alexandria, and later when the English
achieved such wonderful successes on land.
It was for conquering these cattle that Eng
land was ablaze with the glory of its hero
ism and for the gallantry shown by her of
ficers and soldiers. It was for shelling and
sabreing this class of cattle that England
felt herself to be a great war power of the
nineteenth century, and for which the pri
vate soldiers were medaled, the
officers decorated and the lead
ers inundated with titles and pensions.
It now remains to be seen what will be the
outcome of the encounter of English troops
with the half armed followers of the fanatical
prophet. In this case there seems to be a
probability that if any of the English expe
ditionary force shall succeed in getting any
decorations they will earn them.
ARTHUR CONFRONTED.
If Arthur is renominated he will be the
first accidental president that has ever re
ceived a nomination for the presidency. All
after having made the effort, and the ' strag
gle have broken down in disgust.Jand retired
to neglected obscurity—at least to uninfiuen
tial positions. Arthur, at this period of time
before the nominating convention, seems
to occupy a better position and one more
hopeful than did any of his
accidental predecessors, at an equal period
of time before tbe nominating convention.
But the political views in New York now
begin to lighten. Arthur and his friends
have been quietly but diligently at work for
a long time to set the current in'his direc
tion, to rope in half-breeds and by the deli
cate suggestions of official patronage to se
cure district delegates for Chicago.
But the supreme moment seems
to have arrived for the half
breed faction to show its hand, and to strike
a blow at the Arthur machine, Stalwart ma
chinations.
The New York Tribune has been selected
as the leading organ of half-breed opposition
to Arthur. A few days since the Tribune
opened its work of antagonizing Arthur, by
publishing a column of extracts from papers
in various parts of the state in op
position to Arthur. This is to
be followed by still stronger grounds
of opposition and hostility to the stalwart
executive. It must be confessed tbe half
breeds show some nervousness and trepida
tion at the headway the stalwarts have already
made, in the use of the influence of public
patronage. The cohesive power of public
plunder is very strong, if not adamantine,
and all half-breeds have not shown them
selves superior to the seductive blandisments
of official complaisance. The two Republi
can faction sin New York will soon be in
open array, fighting for the delegation of the
state for Chicago. The odds seem to be in
favor of Arthur at the present moment, but
the tables may yet be turned. If Arthur
loses the delegation of his own state, he
probably will not go into the convention. Ifhe
gains the delegation, his nomination at Chi
cago is more than probable. *
The half breeds are shrewd in this; they
concentrate their efforts in opposition to
Arthur, without designating any candidate
of their own for nomination. They confine
their tactics to secure a delegation unpledged
to go to Chicago to vote as they please after they
get there. This is manifestly a wise posi
tion. It sweeps in all the opposition to
Arthur, gives it coherence, and does not di
vide and distract it, on favorite preferences
for nomination.
Opposition to Arthur is the first and fore
most point, and the second is, in
the defeat of Arthur to trust
chance for the success of the Re
spective favorites. Such tactics is an ac
knowledgment of the strong position of Ar
thur, and exhibits a fear of his success.
Hence the strong ground taken is
the field against Arthur, and the
coalescence of all elements of oppo
sition to defeat the accidental aspirant.
The loving Republican brethren in New
York are likely to have a lively preliminary
eampaign. There will be music in the air
and incisive activity along the whole line.
The Democrats can but look with compla
oency upon the interesting party
warfare, indifferent as to the success of
either faction. Be the result of this relent
less party quarrel what it may, it can but
damage the Republican party, for no strength
is to be acquired in fighting over old stalwart
and half-breed feuds, and in exhuming and
washing over again the not very fragrant
dirty linen of the past.'
New York, as a Democratic state, is secure,
and as goes New York so goes the Union.
CURRENT COMMENT.
,
John L. Sterrt, who died at New Orleans Jan.
4, leaving an estate of $500,000, had a will of his
own. Forty years ago he went from Maine to
New Orleans, speculated wisely in real estate and
lived a recluse. Noboby knew how rich he was,
particularly the tax assessor. Eleven months
before his death he married Miss Caroline Dahle,
18 years of age and a resident of that city. He
made during the last days of his illness a
short will, 'leaving to his wife §10,000 and the
house in which they lived, with its contents. |A
day or two after the funeral a search of the house
disclosed $20,000 in cash, concealed behind some
old books, and in other parts of the house papers,
mortgages and bonds worth about $150,000. In
an old box thirty premium bonds worth $45,000,
were found.
Late Senator Lewis Emery, of Bradford, Pa.,
has added to his collection of art treasures a
very large painting of Tommaso Juglaris, of
Venice, entitled "Promenade de Venise." It re
presents the great painter Paul Veronese as the
central figure of fhe ducal gondola gliding past a
stately palace." By the side of the painter, under
the canopy, reclines a beautiful woman, two sing
ing women and a young troubadour occupying
the foregrouud. The picture framed is fifteen
feet long, and nine feet wide, and cost the sena
tor $3,000, which is Baid to be far below its
value,
The Rev. Thomas R. Austin had an interest
ing career. He took the highest honors at
Oxford, Eng., a half century ago. Later, starting
for America, he was shipwrecked aud lived for
thirteen days without food or water. During the
war of the rebellion he was a brigade surgeon
among Indiana troops. At one time he had the
most complete masonic library in America, but
fire destroyed all his books. At the time of his
death, a few days ago, he was rector of St.
James' P. E. church, Vincennes, Ind.
The New York Star takes the position that
choosing Chicago for the Democratic National
Convention carries that body to "neutral ground
so far as Democratic candidates are concerned,
for Illinois is a sure Republican State. New
York, or even Buffalo, or Saratoga, would have
been a much wiser selection." The convention
of July 8th will nominate the next President, and
a conventiou at Buffalo or Saratoga couldn't do
any more.
The successor of Gov. Robinson of Massachu
setts, a Mr. Rockwell is wearing Mr. Arthur's col -
laras proud ly as the dog of the fable carried a
block of wood suspended from his neck. In an
interview he insists that Mr. Edmunds is practic
ally of no account. At the Chicago convention,
as he thinks, the Massachusetts delegates said to
themselves: "We've got a poor little man sitting
on.a rock up here in New England and we'll cast
our votes for him."
The telegraph this morning reports a case of
shocking inhumanity from the town of Walling
' ford, near Hartford, Connecticut, where a hus
band had for thirty years incarcerated his wife
in a prison room built in his own house. The
plea urged for this monstrous barbarity is that
the poor woman thirty years ago was slightly in
sane. The death of the cruel tyrant restored the
woman from her living tomb. It would seem as
if a community ought to have something to say in
a case like this, and not passively permit so
revolting an exhibit of a brutish man.
The Philadelphia Times says it begins to look
as if President Arthnr had concluded not to make
any more appointments till after the Republican
national convention,and adds: "President Arthur
has not yet named a successor to Strobach.
Every day of delay in this matter is a day of dis
grace to the administration. There is great need
of an honest man in the office of Marshal of Ala
bama.'' What possible use could President
Arthur have for an honest marshal.
A Writer in the London Electrician gives the
following as an instant remedy for toothache:
With a small piece of zinc and a bit of silver
(any silver coin will do), the zinc placed on one
side of the afflicted gum and the silver on the
other, by bringing the edges together, the small
current of electricity generated immediately and
painlessly stops the toothache.
The will of the late Mrs. Lydia Smith, the fa
mous colored housekeeper of Thaddeus Stevens,
was admitted to probate in Washington. By one
of its provisions it sets apart $500 for the care of
the adornment of the grave of Stevens, in Shreiv
er'e cemetery, at Lancaster, Pa.
Mayor Young, of Schenectady, N. Y., who has
lately attracted attention by joining the church
and patronizing the Salvation Army, has refused
to permit the play called "The Devil's Auction"
to be presented here, on the ground that it is
immoral.
Joseph W. Smith, of Andover, Mass., takes
such practical interest in the life saving service
that he is establishing libraries in the stataions
along the New England coast. The books have
been paid for from his private purse.
D Thirty-eight of the seventy-three members
of the Mississippi legislature desire to see Mr.
Tilden nominated for the presidency. We sup
pose this is a Democratic "outrage" that ought
to be investigated.
The Trenton Gazette very happily says:
"There is at least'one nice thing about this win
ter—we are not troubled with dust." It must be
a relief to have the Jersey red sand covered up a
little while.
The Indan language contains no "cuss words."
They use the tomahawk instead of the tongue
when inflamed.
The Victoria Explosion.
London, Feb. 27.—The Times, in referring
to the explosion at the Victoria railway sta
tion, says: It is clear we have to deal with
one of those cowardly outrages, whereby
Irishmen imagine that they are furthering
independence. We have in our midst, cow
ardly desperadoes, not ashamed to abuse
their freedom by reckless attacks on life and
property. The leaders of the land leagues
will do well to exert their influence upon the
dynamiters, and repress the outrages,
since the British people, however long suffer
ing, won't indefinitely permit the murder of
Innocent persons. Indeed, they may supple
ment the imperfections of the present lejral
machinery, whose pressure they now toler
ate. The News says: There is no reason to
fear that the dastards have the power or op
portunity to inflict a really serious injury up
on the nation. Their real object
is, to keep up a state of irritation and
alarm, which will be profitable to
themselves and friends. The Standard says:
The Fenian warfare, at 1 o'clock in tne
morning, upon travelling bags and port
manteaus, alarming a ha'C dozen railway
officials, may have an awkward result to the
perpetrators, and certainly can have no effect
on the British constitution. The Telegraph
argues, the outrage proves the necessity of
improving the detective department.
Food Reform..
[American Grocer and Dry Goods Chronicle.]
A society has been recently formed in Lon
don to advocate the improvement and cheap
ening of the diet, one of its main objects be
ing to show that a flesh diet is much more
costly than a vegetable one, and less nour
ishing. A number of entertainment? have
been given under the auspices of Ihe Nation
al Food Reform society, of which the follow
ing supper is a specimen :
One hundred and fifty persons, for the
most part belonging to the working classes,
sat down to a bill of fare consisting of Scotch
broth with slices of whole meal or Graham
bread, green pea pie with potatoes, the pie
crust being made with cotton seed oil, and
for desert sweetened semolina or farina pud
ding with stewed prunes.
Mr. F. P. Doremus, secretary of the so
ciety, addressed those present after the cloth
had been removed, and said as they had all
apparently enjoyed their supper, they might,
especially the mothers and heads of famlies,
like to know something about its ingredients
and proportions. In making the soup, or
broth, there was used for every gallon of
water four ounces of pearl barley, 1 turnip, 1
carrot, 2 ounces of groats, or oatmeal, with
pepper, salt, etc., to season. In the green
pea pie the contents were dried green peas
boiled tender, a hard boiled es;g, a little
tapioca and mint to flavor.
For the desert one pound of
semolina or farina to a gallon of water, with
sugar to sweeten and served with stewed
prunes. After exhibiting some colored dia
grams to show graphically the relative quan
tities of water, muscle-forming, bone-form
ing and heat-giving constituents of bread,
oatmeal and beef, he remarked that they
would see by the difference in the propor
tions of these substances that in a pound of
butcher's meat twelve ounces represented the
water present, for which they were paying at
the rate of nine pence to one shilling
(eighteen to twenty-five cents) per pound",
while in the dried peas, costing four to six
cents a pound, the water was a very small
part of the whole, they getting fourteen or
fifteen ouhces of solidfeod instead of tbe four
ounces contained in the pound of meat they
had to pay 25 cents for. Mr. Doremus stated
that the members of the National Food Re
form society themselves practiced what they
preached. He instanced his personal experi
ence of four or five years in favor of the
sufficiency, wholesomeness and superiority
of adiet into which meat, bird or fish has not
entered. Dr. Alllnson, a prominent member
of the society, also stated that for nearly two
years he had taken no meat at all; that his
food cost him little more than 12 cents a day;
that he could do his work as well or better
without meat, and that he frequently worked
sixteen hours out of twenty-four.
There can be no doubt but that there is a
great scope for discretion in choosing a diet,
and that more farinaceous food might be con
sumed with profit both to health and the
purse; but it is an enormous task to radi
cally change the tastes and habits of the pub
lic, and we fear that the National Food
Reform society will grow old in their very
meritorious work. The field for such effort
ife much more promising in this country
than in England, because of the large
variety and fine quality of our fruit and
vegetable productions. In farinaceous
goods especially much progress
has been made during the last few years in
preparing them in an attractive and conven
ient manner; in addition to the old-time
hominy, samp, oatmeal, cracked wheat, etc.,
we have now a large variety of steam-cooked
cereals, which are afterward kiln-dried, and
will then keep indefinitely. These can be
re-cooked in a few minutes, and some of
these preparations are as delicious as they
are wholesome and convenient. We com
mend this subject to our readers, and to our
contemporaries, as being worthy of atten
tion.
Proposition Ketused.
Hanover, N. H., Feb. 26.—The faculty of
Dartmouth college, refused to adopt the
regulations proposed for the government of
intercollegiate sporis.
Reduction of Wages.
Pittsburg, Feb. 26.—Singer, Nimick &
Co., steel manufacturers, have notified the
employes of a reduction of wages, to take
effect on March 10.
WASHINGTON.
Chicago Lawyers Want Statistics
of Divorce and Better Laws
On the Subject.
The Dakota Convention Bill Not That
Which Originated at Sioux Falls.
Wade Hampton Thinks Bayard the Strongest
Man the Democrats can Nominate
For President.
A Brilliant Reception Given by Mrs Car
lisle— LMLontanians Want Judge
Conger Investigated.
[Special Telegram to the Globe.]
Washington, Feb. 26.—General John B.
Sanborn arrived from St. Paul, to-day.
Judge H. R. Brill, Charles E. Otis" and W.
D. Cornish, of St. Paul, arrived from Boston
to-day and are quartered at the Riggs.
THE OWATONNA POSTMASTEBSHIP.
No compromise has been or will likely be
made in the Owatonna postmastership and
Wbeelock's appointment will be insisted
upon.
WADE HAMPTON ON BATARD.
Wade Hampton, of South Carolina, is an
ardent admirer of Senator Bayard. It was a
great disappointment to him that the Dela
ware statesman was passed over at Cincin
nati and General Hancock nominated in his
stead. Senator Hampton said to-day that
Mr. Bayard possessed the full confidence of
the business men of the country, and quoted
George W. Childs and Drexel, the New
York banker, as saying after Garfield's elec
tion that had he been opposed by a strong
man like Bayard the result in all probability
would have been vastly different. General
Hampton frankly admitted that the perplex
ing problem with Bayard's friends was to get
him the nomination—his election he thought
a matter of easy accomplishment.
■ The most interestins feature of his conver
sation on this subject, however, was a sug
gestion he made which it is believed would
greatly strengthen Mr. Bayard's candidacy.
It is this: The day preceding the National
convention let a caucus of delegates from
the six doubtful northern states, New York,
New Jersey, Connecticut, Ohio. Indiana and
California, be held. Let the candidate whom
this caucus decides can carry all or most of
these states be presented to the convention
and there is little doubt that he would re
ceive the nomination on the first ballot.
This plan is open to no valid objection by
any of the aspirants for the presidency ex
cept that it would simply increase Mr. Bay
ard's chances.
Gen. Hampton is not at all certain that his
suggestion will be adopted, but he put9 it
forth as the best solution of the question:
"Whom shall we nominate that can be elect
ed without a peradventure'"
WANT JUDGE CONGER INVESTIGATED.
Mr. Springer is in receipt of a letter from
Wm. E. Cullen, of Sanders & Cullen, Hel
ena. Mont., urging an investigation by his
committee of the charges against Judge Con
ger, late an associate justice of the supreme
court of the territory. It appears that Judge
Conger, who is a brother
of Senator Conger, was appointed
several years ago. It is claimed that from
the first he displayed neither ability nor fit
ness for the position. Mr. Cullen alleges
that Judge Conger was frequently drunk
both on and off the bench; that his associates
were among the most disreputable classes,
and that his conduct in general was a dis
grace to his manhood and judicial eminence.
Upon representations made by leading citi
zens of Helena a special agent
of the department of justice
made an investigation into the
charges, and in the absence of any proof
showing malfeasance in office, made a white
washed report, which finally resulted in his
reinstatement after a suspension of nearly a
year. Daring this period it is said no case
outside the jurisdiction of the police or pro
bate court could be tried. Recently Judge
Conger was relieved from his office and suc
ceeded by Gen. Coburn, of Indianapolis.
The gentlemen who made the charges
against Mr. Conger are desirous
of showing that they acted in good
faith, and desparing of receiving justice at
the hands of General Brewster's department
they have requested Mr. Springer to call for
the papers in the case and summon wit
nesses to prove their truthfulness.
NOT TIIE SIOUX FALLS BILL.
The dispatches sent out saying that the
senate committee on territories had agreed
on the Sioux Falls constitution bill prove
to be. entirely erroneous. The committee
have made a new bill wholly
ignoring the Sioux Falls convention.
This bill is substantially the same as the bill
presented in Jhe house by Maginnis, except
that It only provides for the election of dele
gates to the new constitutional convention
from the southern portion of the territory, and
remands the four judges and all territorial
offices to north Dakota. It provides for the
election of a large delegation constitutional
convention at the next general election in
November, and creates a commission to
apportion the delegates equitably to small
districts, and in effect nullifies all the revo
lutionary proceedings which the managers of
the so-called constitutional convention at
Sioux Falls inaugurated. The North Dakota
delegation here did not ask to have Bismarck
named as the capital, or make any conces
sions which they have not been willing to
make from the start. If a division occurs they
strenuously insist upon the name of North
Dakota, and are willing that the southern
portion shall take the name of South Dakota.
If these two poiflts are not conceded they will
have nothing to do with the measure.
AS TO DIVORCE LAWS.
' Representative Dunham, of Illinois, has
received a petition signed by all the judges
on the bench in Chicago and Cook county,
and by many prominent members
of the bar representing both politi
cal parties, and the petitioners state that
the wide differences between the laws
of the several states as to the causes of di
vorce and the jurisdiction of their courts
over suits for divorce by or against non-resi
dents, constitutes an acknowledged element
of confusion and uncertainty in American
jurisprudence. This has led to many dis
tressing conflicts of judicial decisions in
cases turning upon the degrees of credit to
be given to decrees of divorce iyider the con
stitution and laws of the United States or the
comity of nations, so that a marriage
is often treated in one state as dissolved and
at the same time in another as subsisting,
and a man may' be convicted of bigamy or
adultery in one jurisdiction upon what would
be a lawful second marriage in another. The
growing number of foreign immigrants who
become American citizens and thus subject
marriages contracted abroad to the jurisdic
tion of our courts or by temporary returns to
their original domicile may subject American
divorces to the test of examination by foreign
courts makes these matters a frequent cause
of collision in the administration of private
international law. It is thought that the mag
nitude of these ends, their bearing upon so
cial condition in this country, and the best
methods of guarding against their increase,
can only be fully apprehended by a
careful collection of statistics of
divorce from the records of the several
states, and as this can only be done satis
factorily by authority of the United States,
Mr. Dunham was requested to bring the
matter to the attention of congress. He
asked that the petition be referred to the
judiciary committee, with power to report by
bill otherwise. Mr. Randall and Mr. Holman
objected in chorus to the introduction of the
petition or its being referred to the judici
ary committee. Mr. Dunham will have to
send the petition to the committee through
the medium of the petition box.
POSTAL APPROPRIATIONS.
A special meeting of the appropriation
committee is to be held to-morrow to consider
the annual appropriation bill for the postal
service. The sub-committee recommend
appropriations amounting to $45,071,900,
which Is a reduction of $4,500,000 below the
amount asked for by the postmaster general,
and $581,000 more than was appropriated for
the current fiscal year.
•TGHN C. KBIT'S 3OOCBSS0B.
It is understood that the position of assist
ant secretary of the treasury, made vacant
by the resignation of Jno. C. New, is to be
filled by the promotion of James B. Butler,
who now holds the position of appointment
clerk. It was learned unofficially at the
treasury department this acternoon that Mr.
Butler sent his resignation of the office of
appointment clerk at the close of business
hours to-day, with the expectation
that his nomination as assist
ant secretary would be sent to
the senate within a day or two. Mr. Butler
is a man about forty years of age, has the en
tire confidence of Secretary Folger as a valu
able public officer and enjoys a reputation at
the treasury of being a man of good execu
tive capacity. He is a lawyer and held an
unimportant office in New York city when he
received the appointment which he now re
signs, a little more than two years ago.
The salary of the assistant secretary is
$4,500 and that of appointment clerk
$2,750 a year. The duties of the incumbent
of the latter position pertain to appointments
and removals in the department and in cus
tom houses and to orders affecting the per
sonnel of the department. The gossips say
it is the intention of Secretary Folger to pro
mote Mr. Trevitt, now assistant in the ap
pointment office, to the place vacated by
Butler and transfer Chas. E. Coon, assistaut
in the loan division, to the position of assis
tant appointment clerk. Also that these
changes will be followed by six other promo
tions from lower grades. Mr. Trevitt has
been in the department for years. He was
formerly assistant chief of the division of
revenue marine.
MRS. CARLISLE'S TEA.
Although there were live other ''teas"
in progress in different parts of the city during
the same afternoon hours, the tea given by
the wife of Speaker Carlisle at the Riggs
house from 3 to 6 o'clock this afternoon,
naturally led in point of numbers and gen
eral brilliangy. Over 600 cards of invi
tation were issued for the entertain
ment, and that they were fully responded to
wa3 proved by the number of carriages that
blocked the streets and by the crowds that
slowly moved through the parlors for three
hours. Mrs. Carlisle and her assistants stood
in the first of the parlors of the hotel which
were used on this occasion. A stringed or
chestra was stationed at the end of the long
parlor and furnished attractive selections dur
ing the afternoon. An apartment at the
end of the corridor was used for a refreshment
room where attentive waiters served coffee,
chocolate, tea, salads, jellies, croquettes,
oysters and other substantial* to the guests.
Mrs. Carlisle received in a toilet of peacock
blue brocaded velvet with petticoat front of
white satin brocaded with lace, and she was
assisted by Mrs. Sevier of New Orleans, Mrs.
Geo. W. Steele, of Indiana. Mrs. J. G. Can
non, of Illinois, Mrs. Armstrong of Missouri,
Mrs. N. C. Deerinjr, of Iowa, and
Miss Page, of Washington. Mrs.
Sevier's toilet was of white satin entirely
covered with an overdress of rose guipure
with ornaments of black and white pearls
and diamonds. Mrs. Steele wore white
satin and brocades with point lace trimmings
and diamond ornaments. Mrs. Cannon
was attired in black satin embroidered in
panels with wild roses and diamond orna
ments, and Miss Cannon in pale blue mulls
with Valenciennes lace and bonsilene ' roses.
Mrs. Armstrong wore black satin jetted lace,
with bouquet of brushed roses; Mrs. Deering
wine colored silk, diamond ornaments; Miss
Page white silk with trimmings of Duchesse
lace.
[Western Associated Press.]
Washington', Feb. 26.—At a meeting of
the committee on banking and currency,
Mr. Buckner moved to substitute his bill pro
viding for the issuance of treasury notes, to
take the place of bank notes for all bills con
cerning bank circulation, etc., that has been
considered by the committee. The substi
tute was rejected by 3 to 9. Buckner, Yaple,
and Miller voted in the affirmative, and
Ermentrou, Potter, Hunt, Candler, "VYilkins,
Dingly, Adams, Henderson and Hooper with
the negative. Brumm absent.
M'PHERSON'S BILL.
The committee by a vote of 8 to 4, author
ized J. W. Wilkins to report to the house
Mcpherson's bill as it passed the senate.
Buckner, Potter, Miller and Yaple voting in
the negative.
House committee on invalid pensions
agreed to report favorably, Representative
Matson's bill increasing the pension of wid
ows and dependent parents of deceased sol
diers and sailors from $8 to $12 per month.
HEWITT'S CASE.
Mr. Phelps will report back to-morrow from
the committee on foreign affairs, the resolu
tion of inquiry of Representative Brumm, as
to whether the minister of any foreign power
had endeavored to nullify the effect of the
unanimous resolution of the house by reflec
tions on the honor and F integrity of its mem
bers. The report wilt state that the commit
tee could find no evidence and will ask to be
discharged from further consideration of the
subject. The presentation of the report is
looked forward to with interest, owing to the
probability that the occasion may be
used by either Hewitt or Belmont, to
transfer to the floor of the house the per
sonal controversy waged between them last
week in the committee room. An effort may
be made to recommend the resolution to the
committee, with instructions to make further
inquiry. Such a motion would be strenuous
ly resisted by the committee, who think they
have done all their duty in the premises, and",
in the contention, others than the gentlemen
named may be brought into a lively debate.
A LETTER TO CARLISLE.
Speaker Carlisle received a letter, ad
dressed to him personally, by several of the
most prominent members of the liberal partv
in the German reichstag, expressing their
high sense of the appreciation and action
taken by the house of representatives as a
token of respect for the memory
of the late Hcrr Lasker. The letter
expresses the hope that the two nations
may develope and continue in friendship.
Among the other signatures, are those of V.
Bunsen, who visited America the past sum
mer and Frederick Kapp, forinly a lawyer in
New York, and member of the executive
committed of the Liberal party.
AGAINST ADULTERATED TEAS.
Representative Hewitt has been authorized
by the ways and means committee to report a
bill to prevent the importation of adulter
ated teas. The bill is based upon the recent
recommendations of the secretary of the
treasury.
JUSTICE EXPENDITURE COMMITTEE.
Ex-Marshal Tonner, of Alabama, was be
fore the house committee investigating the
expenditures of the department of justice to
day, and was cross examined by the commit
tee. He protested against a cross examin
ation by the examiners of the department,
who were present, and said that if he had
them in Alabama oe would have them all in
the penitentiary. He exhibited two affidavits
from persons who denied having made cer
tain affidavits that the examiners held.
PORK REPORT.
Commissioner Loring laid before the presi
dent the report of the commission appointed
to examine the swine industry of the United
States. It is emphatic in the statement that
there is no condition surrounding the indus
try which tends to propogate
disease or render pork nnhealthful.
The returns from railroad and transportation
companies, slaughter houses, packers and
shippers, were confirmed by those from the
] boards of health, humane societies and ex
i perts employed by the commission. It ap
\ pears the utmost care Is preserved through
out, that hogs are never transported except
to the offal rendering establishments, that
diseased hogs are refused transportation, and
that humane laws and sanitary regulations
exist, in all stock yards, enforced by the local
inspectors, under"penalty, fines, etc. That a
rigid scrutiny Is enjoined at all slaughter
house*, that method of slaughter and pack
ing, the qualities of the material used, tho
inspection. etc, are reeulated by
the rules of the chambers of
commerce and trade, and that constant care
is exercised to see that no nnhealthful means
are employed In any branch. The roport
states, the examination proves, that as pork
is fully equal, perhaps superior to that of
trance or Germany. No general diseas-
exists and the occasional presence of trichi
na* is comparatively unimportant. The re
port is signed by Geo. B. Loring, chairman
of the board. E. W. Blaksford, Chicago.
Prof. Chandler. New York, Dr. D. E. Lamb,
department of agriculture, and A. I). I
New York. In conclusion it gays, "While
we believe that no legitimate ground e\*i-ta
for the restrictions imposed on the in.
tion of American pork, we are satisfied that
a microscopic inspection of all pork, (or ex
port, can be secured at the packing booses,
if such inspection should be demanded."
POSTOFFICE BILL.
The subcommittee of the house committee
on appropriations, having charge of the post
office bill, completed its work to day and au
thorized Representative Townseud'to report
to full committee.
The bill was reported favorably to the sen
ate to-day, to prohibit the mailing of news
papers and other publications containing lot
tery advertisements, is accompanied by two
reports, the minority report is signed by Sen
ators Jackson, Maxey and Groome." The
majority report says, the bill is based on the
the conceded power of the government to de
termine what character of matter mav be
sent through the mails. and " its
purpose Is to protect the general welfare
and morality of the people against tBe per
nicious effects of lotteries. The purpose here
Ifl expressed is the one great public* concern
and duty underlying it, and was verv forcibly
expressed in the opinion of the'supreme
court of the United State* iu the case of
Phalen vs. Virginia aud Howard. This
sustains both the power aud duty of the gov
ernment to interfere by such means as the
bill, -rhich the committee herewith reports,
for the protection of the morals and well
being of the peopte. It say-*, further, "the
policy of the bill is In perfect harmony with
the action of nearly every state in the
Union. Lotteries have been again
and again under the almost universal
ban in the Itfitcs, only three have failed to
denounce lotteries, and endeavor to protect
their citizens from their baneful eii
The minority report, which was submitted by
Senator Jackson, opposes tne bill on consti
tutional grounds. It is a very long argu
ment, the gist of which is, that tbe general
government has no powerto suppress gamb
ling In'any state, and consequently has no
power to prohibit the use of the "mails to
newspapers published iu states whieh con
tain lottery advertisements. The report
says, the real object and purpose of the bill
Is, perfectly manifest. It is the
suppression of that species of gambling
which is carried on through the agency and
instrumentality of letters", and it adds, while
we concur with the majority of the commit
tee in the opinion that lotteries are perni
cious, and exerting an evil aud demoralizing
influence upon the people, we do not assenl
to the measure of redress recom
mended by the presenl bill It
then states the opinion of the miuoritj
that the general goverumeut has no powei
to suppress any kind of gambling in states,
or to prohibit states lrom legalizing or per
mitting lotteries, and lottery advertisements,
and that the adoption of such a law as that
proposed by the bill, would establish a dan
gerous precedent for the interference of the
general government in the affairs of a
state.
SUDDEN- DEATH.
J. F. Geoghegan, of Chicago, a member
of the delegation from that city, which came
to Washington last week, to urge the selec
tion of Chicago as the place for'holding the
Democratic national convention, died at
Willard's hotel, to-night, of pneumonia, con
tracted shortly after his arfival in the city.
His widow has been telegraphed for, and will
be here to-morrow.
Hon- Luther Became a Monk.
[Contemporary Review]
Returning to Erfurt in the summer of
1505, from a visit to his family at Mansfield,
Luther was overtaken by a storm. Thr
lightning struck the ground before his feet,
he fell from his horse. "Holy Anne," he
cried to the mother of the Virgin, help me.
I will become a monk." Next day at Erfurt
he repented of his vow, for he knew how it
would grieve his father. But his life had
been spared. He believed that the
vow had been registered In
heaven, and without waiting
for his resolution to be shaken he sought and
found admittance in the Augustinian monas
tery in the town. His career hitherto had
been so brilliant that old Han3 had formed
the brightest hopes for him. He was bitterly
disappointed, knowing perhaps more of
monks and monkdom than his son. He
consented, with a sore heart, perhaps hoping
that a year's experience and the discipline
of the novitiate would cure a momentary
folly. The Augustinians owned no property;
they lived on alms, and the young Martin,
to break his pride, was set to the
lowest drudgery iu the house, and
was sent about the town to beg. Luther,
however, flung himself with enthusiasm into
the severest penances. He fastened, he
prayed, he lay on the stones, he distracted his
spiritual adviser with the refinement, of his
confessions. The common austerities fail
ing, took to hair shirts and whips, and
the bretheren supposed that they had a grow
ing saint among them. To himself these
resources availed nothing. The temper
which he hoped to drive out of himself
clung to him in spite of all prescribed
remedies. But still he pesevered;
the novitiate ended and he took
his vows and became full monk
and priest. His father attended the cere
mony, though in no pleasant humor. "You
learned men," he said at the convent dinner
'have you never read that a man should
obey his father and mother!" They told him
his son had received a call from heaven.
"Pray God," the old man answered, "it be
not a trick of the devil. I must eat and drink
with you, but I would be gladly be gone."
Two years passed away. Luther occupied
himself with eagerly study the Bible, but his
reading would not pacify his restless con
sciousness. The vicar general of the order,
Father Staupltz, a wise, open-minded man,
saw him, heard his confessions,
and understood them. He perceived that
his mind was preying upon itself,
and that he required to be taken out of him
self by active employment. The Elector
Frederick, Frederick the Wise, as distin
guished from his brother and his nephew,
had lately founded a university at Witten
berg, a considerable town on the Elbe. The
Augustinians had an affilated house in Wit
tenberg, and Staupit? transferred Luther
thither, to teach theology and philosophy.
Luther was now 25, and there is a gap of
two years in his history. He must have ob
served and thought much in these years, or
the tinder would scarcely have been kindled
by the sparks which'fell upon it at the end of
them. The air of Germany was growing
thick with symptoms of storm.
Hooks and Eyes.
For more than a dozen years the manufac
ture of hooks and eyes for women's and
children's dresses may be said to have been
dead, buttons having superseded them. Bui
there are indications that hooks and eyes are
again to come into use, at least to a con
siderable extent. If this should prove to b«
the case, it will gladden the hearts of some
who have preserved their machinery from
the scrap heap. Thirty years ago the state of
Connecticut had manufactories within hei
territorv that produced these little articles tc
the value of $112,000 annually fifteen cents
a gross. Previous to 1830, or thereabouts,
hooks and eyes were made by haud and sold
at $1.50 per gross.
;Postinjf Grain.
St. Louis, Mo., Feb. 26.—The elevator
men held a meeting this afternoon and de
cided to post grain the moment it was discov
ered to be damaged, and make the owners
responsible, thus putting the elevators in this
city in a line with those of other grain cen
ters of the country.

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