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©tabs. JEIsQp Official Paper of the Cfty and County. PRINTED AND PUBLISHED. ! BT THE , jA^ ST. PAUL GLOBE PRINTING COMPANY, No. 321 Wabashaw Street, St. Paul. ST. PAUL, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 29. SEW TERMS OF THE GLOBE. SEVEN ISSUES PER WEEK—BY CARRIER One Year, payable in advance $8 00 Sis Months, payable in advance 4 25 Three Month? .'. 2 25 Per Month 75 SIX ISSUES PER WEEK—BY MAIL, POST AGE PAID. N: One Year $0 00 Six Months 3 50 Three Months 2 00 One Month 70 All mail subscriptions payable invariably in advance. Seven Issues per week by mail at same rates as by carrier. " • . SUNDAY GLOBE. By Carrierper year $2 00 By Mail—per year, postage paid 1 50 WEEKLY GLOBE- By — postage paid, per year $1 15 ~~~ WASHINGTON JiUJiEAU. The Washington News Bureau of the St. Paul 3lobe is located at 1,424 New York avenue. Residents of the northwest visiting Washington and having matters of local interest to give the public will receive prompt and courteous atten tion by calling at or addressing the above num ber. All letters so addressed to give the name and Washington address of the sender, to ensure attention. The Globe can be found on sale at the follow ing news stand? in Washington: NATIONAL HOTEL, METROPOLITAN HOTEL, ARLINGTON HOTEL, HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. DAILY WEATHER BULLETIN. Office Chief Signal Officer, ) Washington, D. C, Feb. 28, 9:50 p. m. J Observations taken at the same moment of time at all stations named. UPPER MISSISSIPPI VALLEY. Bar. Ther. Wind. Weather. St. Paul 30.10 0 W Clear La Crosse 30.19 -1 W Clear NORTHWEST. . Bar. Ther. Wind. Weather. Bismarck 30.14 19 NW Cloudy Ft. Garry 29.98 4 W Hazy Minnedosa 29.98 7 NW Clear Moorhead 30.14 OS. Clear Qu'Appelle 30.03 22 NW Lt. Snow- St. Vincent 29. 8 S Lt. Snow HOBTHBBN ROCKY MOUNTAIN SLOPE. Bar. Ther. Wind. Weather. Ft. Bnford 30.24 :.'l W Cloudy Ft. Cnster 30.44 20 SW Fair Helena, M. T...30.4r> 30 SW Cloudy Huron, D. T....30.23 8 SW Clear Medicine Hat...30.79 24 S Clear UPPER LAKES. Bar. Ther. Wind. Weather. Dnluth 30.10 0 Calm Clear DAILY LOCAL MEANS. Bar. Ther. Dew Point. Wind. Weather. 30.249 -3.1 -12.0 W Clear Amount of rainfall or melted snow, 0, max imum thermometer, G. 5; minimum thermom eter, -14.0; daily range, 20.5. River, frozen. - Below zero. !Note—Barometer corrected for temperature aud elevation. P. F. Lyons, Sergeant, Sijrnui Corps, V. S. A. to-day's weatheb. Washington, Feb. 29, I. a. m.—lndications for the upper Mississippi, slightly warmer, fair weather, northwestern winds shifting southerly, lower barometer. Missouri valley, warmer, fair weather, lower barometer, winds shifting to southerly, YESTERDAY'S MARKETS. The St.•"'anl grain. and produce market was fairly actY®. Wheat closed unchanged, corn ad vanced 2c,<oats and rye closed lc higher than Wednesday. Milwaukee and Chicago markets were depressed and lower, the former closing %c lower thaa on Wednesday, and ?g@^c. lower than Chicago. Wheat at Chicago was l\' s @%c lower at the close than on Wednesday; corn, VnQ^ic, lower; oats, %c lower, and pork 23c lower. Wall street presented no special feature in the money mark et. Governments were quiet and state securi ties dull; railroad bonds were firm. Stocks opened weak and lower and but slight change from the downward tendency occurred during the day. Manitoba was offered at 90, 4 per cent, lower than Wednesday's close. Northwestern lost 2)i ; Canadian Pacific 1%; Canada Southern lJi; Northern Pacific I}£; Oregon Navigation 3 l/ t ; Oregon Transcontinental 1 % : St. Paul 2; Omaha 1%, and Western Union 11,..I 1,.. The mining stock market was dull and inactive. Standard, however, was in demand. Carl Schurz says "the only safe thing for the* Republican party is to deserve success very much." But the habit of the party's ill-deserving has become chronic, and accord ing to the "only" of Mr. Schurz. their case is hopeless. Naval Secretary Chandler has made a sweeping reduction in the list of Navy Yard employes. He states that the business of the yards has fallen off to such an extent that nothing btit reduction is in order and he has directed that the force be cut down to the lowest possible working limit. This order will be carried into effect the first of March. Senator-elect H. B. Payne, in an inter view published by the Herald, of his own city, Cleveland, said: "I have never intimated that I wonld consent to allow my name to be used as a presidential candidate, and I will not. Ido not want the office. As a choice between the two positions I had much rather serve as senator than assume the cares and responsibilities of presidant." General Garfield, as senator-elect, said the same thing, but we all know how it turned out. It looks as though Minnesota was too reliably Republican to receive the judgeship Boon to be vacant by Judge McCrary's resig nation. Kansas has been just fractious enough to be courted a trifle and if Gen. Sanborn does not receive the position it will be because he and his fellow Republicans have been so loyal to the party that it is not considered necessary to give Minnesota any consideration. If this was a close state the appointment would land in these paits. The Boston Herald, a Republican journal gives the "chunk of wisdom:" Senator Sabin is beyond qnesiion right in say ing that President Arthur's chances of election "would depend entirely upon the way he was nominated. If he should be nominated by the machine, or through the manipulations of the legion of office holders, his nomination would be worthless." It would be worthless in any event, unless the Democrats should perpetrate another of their monumental blunders. But the only possible chance of Arthur's election, as matters stand to-day, lies in his going into the convention with a good showing of fairly elected delegates from his own state, with no "set-up" delegations from rotten boroughs, and in receiving the nom ination as the majority's second choioe. The more he is boomed or worked for the weaker he will be. - It is telegraphed from Paris that the ad vauced Irish party has located in the French capital, and that henceforth all operations having for their purpose the destruction of Great Britain will be conducted from that point. It is sincerely to be hoped that this is true. If true, it may have the effect to give this country a little peace from the attacks from English newspapers. When the assassina tions were announced from Phoenix park, Dublin, all the English papers asserted that the wounds on the bodies were made by American bowie knives. In all instances where a pane of glass Is blown out of a Lon don building by the wind, gas, or some other agency, it is always stated by the English press that dynamite, handled by an Irish- American, wag what did the work. Now it is possible that we may be given a rest. The hat will still be passed around here as usual,, and O'Donovan Rossa will still admit that he is responsible for any damage that may happen from any cause whatever to occur in London, but the English papers will hereafter look to France instead of this country for the responsibility of any outrages or explosions in the English capital. Ix Roscoe Conkling's partially repudiated interview with the Rev. Snyder, of St. Louis, a neat passage occurred, and one that bears the ear marks of Lord Roscoe. He is credited with saying: The Democratic party will elect the next Presi dent. Remember, Ido not say he will be a Dem ocrat, but I do say that that party will be the de termining factor in the result." This is a very correct view. It is an ad mission that the Democrats are sure to elect their presidential nominee, unless they make sur-h a serious blunder or blunders as to keep the Republicans in power. Mr. Conkling is riir'nt. The. Democrats will elect the next president, no matter what his politics may be. MR. CONKLING INTERVIEWED. Ex-Senator Conkling has been interviewed, "unbeknonst" to himself, as Mr. Lincoln remarked in regard to the capture of Jeff Davis. It happened in this way: Upon a late Sunday an individual of the ministerial species, somewhat vain and altogether con ceited, floated in upon ex-Senator Roscoe Conkliug, and being introduced in the guise of a minister of the gospel Mr. Conkling was thrown off his guard and reserve, and it being Sunday talked freely in the confidence of private conversation not dreaming that his interviewer was a reporter instead of what he seemed to be, a clergyman. But the Reverend Mr. Snyder, not having the meekness, and reliable, steadfast integrity of Rip Van Winkles' faithful do? "Snyder,'*' felt flattered to be permitted to talk with the ex-great man, and being anxious to let the world know that he had rubbed against the famous ex-Senator prepared with some care & report of the Sunday conversation and published it in a St. Louis paper, of which city Mr. Snyder is a resident. Mr. Conkling was naturally indignant, and declared that the pious fraud had misrepre sented him, in plain words had grossly lied. This little tempest in a tea-pot is so supreme ly ridiculous, that we present the statements of the "high contracting parties" for the amusement of the readers of the Globe. The Rev. Mr. Snyder in reply to criticisms of the report of his conversation with Mr. Conkling published a card in the St. Louis Globe-Ddmockat. in which he says: If any of my friends shall imagine for one mo ment that I have outgrown my horror of that miserable system of personal espionage,that reck less habit of misrepresentation, which marks the trade of the modern interviewer, I shall be very sorry. I intrusted to yonr columns my impres sion of a conversation,the spirit of which I strove to faithfully reproduce. lam quite sure that Mr. Conkling would not take exception to a single statement I make, or to my publication of the imi)ie:sions which tho*e statements made upon one who had none of the customary reportorial motives for misrepresenting his views. Both the evening papers telegraphed to Mr. Conkling and received replies. The following appeared in the Post-Dispatch: New Yop.k, Feb. 23, 1884. To Joseph Pulitzer,St. Louis: Answering your telegram, I authorize you to gay that a person, whose mime I did not catch, was brought by a member to my table at the New York club,where I was eating my dinner on Sunday, and intro duced as a clergyman who wished to make my acquaintance. Some casual talk took place, mere ly social, without a thought that the man talked to was a reporter, or anybody but a clergyman with a very favorable opinion of himself. The pretended interview must relate to this instance, and is erroneous and stupidly untrue in many re spects. . Roscoe Coxkling. The Evening Ch? tonicle printed the following in answer to a question as to whether Mr. Snyder hud permission to print the interview: New York, Feb. 23, 1884. To the Evening Chronicle: Answering your telegram. I never did give any such permission, nor is the private conversation referred to truly reported. Roscoe Conkling. A copy of the abave telegram was shown to the Rev. Mr. Snyder, who looked decidedly uncom fortable. "What do you think of it?" "Oh, it is simply a question of veracity be tween Senator Conkling and myself. lam satis fied that my report of the conversation was cor rect."' "What kind of notes did you take during the conversation—shorthand or longhand?" "Oh, I took no notes at all." "Whendid the conversation take place?" "Last Sunday." "When did you write your report of it?" "After I got home.". "What would you like to say regarding the sen ator's charge that you reported a private conver sation with him without permission^" "Oh, I don't think anything of that. I don't see that any harm has been done. He talked freely to me, and said nothing to the effect that the conversation was not to be reported. The report was correct, whatever Senator Conkling may say to the contrary. There was nothing in his conversation which would lead me to be lieve he would object to its being published. In another place this morning the reader will find this now famous interview in full, concerning which a question of veracity has arisen. Perhaps Mr. Snyder did not do a very nice thing in entrapping Mr. Conkling, unsuspectingly into a private conversation, and then reducing it to cold print. Mr. Conkling denies, and Mr. Snyder affirms. As Mr. Snyder wrote from memory, he may not have given Mr. Conkling's exact identical language in all respects, and, in deed, may have mistaken and misrepresent ed some of his idea? and positions. Never theless the main drift of the ex-Senator's remarks, as given, are so decidedly Conk lingish, as to make interesting reading. If Mr. Conkling did not say what is attributed to him, he might mainly have said it with propriety and truth, Tbe proud statesman, the fallen Senator maintains his peculiar ground with defiant, lofty, bravery, OUR NAVAL DISGRACE. The wretched do-nothing policy of our gov ernment and our congress in not preparing for coast defence is most short sighted and reprehensible. We are at peace with all the world now, but it is not safe to rely upon unending peace. "In time of peace pre pare for war," is a very common and hack neyed suggestion; and is one of very weighty importance. Preparation for war is a safe guard against it, while unpreparedness, and utter helplessness and weakness, may, under given circumstances, impelled by national greed or hate precipitate hostilities. In the event of war as we now are, where is there any adequate protection for our great coastwise and lake cities. To-day, what ships have we got that could stand a moment before the powerful ironclads of other nations, that could readily be ready to cover the sea, and invade our sea and lake ports? What forts have we on sea coasts or lakes that would stand a day before such hostile demonstrations as any of the great foreign powers are well prepared at any moment to make? Never was foolhardiness more conspicuous than this neglect of maratime preparation for defense. □ Adequate appropriations should as soon as expedient be made to manufacture guns of the largest calibre and to construct iron clads for the ocean and the lakes for protection. What Immense interests incapable even of being estimated are at stake and exposed in our present helpless and crippled condition? "Semper paratw" —always prepared i s the true motto and spirit of a nation that wisely aims to avert great and disastrous calamities, or to even prolong national existence. The quips, and gibes and sarcasms con stantly hurled at our navy, for lack of decent naval equipments are not assuring. Our di lapidated naval condition is not to be laughed at, is not a proper object of merri ment and jeers, but rather cause for alarm, anxiety and apprehension. True states manship, if we have it, should arouse itself, not only in building up a great nation, but should, with equal zeal, forecast, and wisdom, provide for the protection of national existence, and THE ST. PAUL DAILY GLOBE, FRIDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 29, 1884. give It-unchecked advancement and prosper ity. But what do we see? instead of appropri ations, and preparations to Increase our navy, or to preserve what little there is of it we see the secretaries of the navy, issuing an order to decrease the working force of the naval yards inviting blight, decay and paralysis on all that pertains to naval defense. The present House of representatives may refuse appropriations for naval purposes, from an unwillingness to entrust them in the hands of the present Secretary of the Navy. As urgent as the case is, there may be some reason for hesitation, when we consider the in competency and lack of honesty of the present head of the naval department. With appropriatons in his hands we should look for jobs, misapplications of the public funds, and general plunder. What then can be, or should be done? There should be a general and prompt ballot box revolution of the present manipulators of the machinery of the national govern ment. Honesty should be made to take the place of rascality: statesmanship should be made to take the place of petty, contemptible huckstering; pat riotism should take the place of selfish greed, and the government should be put on the broad gauge of intelligence, capability, inflexible personal and public honesty, by giving real and upright states manship the helm. To do this, the power of the ballot box should be appealed to, to ac complish a revolution in governmental ad ministration from foundation to turret. PRISON REFORM. The meeting in New York of the National Prison Association, and the presence, in ad dition, of a large number of wardens from the various States, will, beyond question, have a very beneficial effect with reference to the advancement of prison reform. At the present date there has been a great improve ment in the management of convicts, but the forward movement is far from being gen eral in its character. Minnesota, Illinois and other states are vastly in advance of what they were a few years ago, while in the cases of many of the other states they are to-day no better In their prison management than the system in use among some of the des potisms of the Orient. In many portions of the south the condition of the convicts is not much better than that of the prisoners of Siam, than which nothing more intolerable, unchristian and cruel can be Imagined. Two special points of reform are demanded in this country. One of these is to bring the system of the lagging states up to the line of those which are in advance. The other is to effect some radical changes in some of the features of those which occupy an advanced position. As to the former, the bringing forward of these states in which the old sys tem of punishment is yet in existence, in which the prisoner is treated as a brute, an outcast and in which the only effort is to punish and not to reform, there can be nothing more done than to create an enlightened public opinion by which the maltreatment of prisoners will be branded as a crime, to be punished as such. It is less than twenty years, for instance, since the prisons of Illinois were among the worst in existence. Prisoners were beaten to death; they were drowned in ice water baths; were strung up by their thumbs on tip toe and compelled to carry heavy knapsacks filled with sand; they were caned, choked, kicked by keepers, were starved and maltreated till their confinement were simply the tortures of a ter restrial hell in which they were damned as effectively as they had been in the ghenna of holy writ. Public opinion was aroused as these atrocities became known to the world and in a very brief time there was a radical change. The change most essential in the better systems now in vogue, is one in which there can be a separation of the convicts, so that those new in criminality can be kept entirely apart from those older in offences and who have become in whole or in part confirmed offenders. It is a truth which can not be disputed, that our prisons even at their best do a vast amount of injury in the creation of criminals. The contact of the comparatively young criminals with the older and established of fenders is certain to result in the contamina tion of the former, and in this way that por tion of the intent of punishment which has for its object the reform of the criminals, is rendered valueless in a very large number of cases. What we imperatively need is a graded system, in which offenders may be classed according to the character of their possibilities for reformation. One, and the main objection to this, is the cost to be incurred in the extension of pris ons so as to admit the required separation; but as a matter of fact the present method is by far the most expensive. The rescue of young criminals from a life of crime would in the saving which it would permit in the administration of justice, such as the cost of additional police and detectives, and the expenses of trials and the like,more than pay its own expenses. The saving in this direction would much more than pay for all the additional prison room which might be needed for the purpose of grading prisoners. One of the most de sirable features of attempts to repress crime, is to be found in judicious efforts to lesson it. Another thing which demands considera tion is the period of sentences now in use. It is getting to be a question of importance as to whether or not it would be the best thing to do to adopt a system in which the offender should be sentenced in definitely ; that is, be sent to prison till cured. It would be very absurd to say that a person suffering from pneumonia, for instance, should employ a physician for only, say one week, and discharge him at the end of that time, without reference to the condition of his disease. He might require medical attendance more than a day and he might require it for months. We carry this species of absurdity into our treatment of criminals. Finally there seems no doubt that, after it has been clearly demonstrated that a man is a confirmed criminal, he should be shut up for life. It would be cheaper for society to support him in confinement than it would be to sustain his depredations and to pay the frequent cost of his arrest and trial. '' TAMMANY BAM*ANT. Instead of being all harmony and peace in the Democratic family in the; city of New York, the Tammany wing seems to be bent on mischief. Tammany has already served notice on the state democracy, through its organ the N. Y. Star, that unless they are treated with due consideration they will throw the state into .■ the hands of the . Republicans as they . did last' year.: The» Brooklyn Eagle ■ (Democratic) ..- is particularly savage on this position of Tam many, but does not seem to apprehend any damage from its position or its threats. • The Eagle says: "This is not so serious a threat as it at first sight appears. Perhaps it ought rather to be commended as a frank . but somewhat premature avowal of what ' Tam many intends to do in any event if Arthur secures the Eepublican nomination. It does not require a great stretch of the imagina tion to conceive the gentlemen who by act ing with the Republicans at Albany last year enabled " Mr. Arthur's friends to retain pos session of the patronage of the Port of New York playing into the same hands this fall. Upon the whole we should esteem it wisdom for the Democracy to count the treachery of Tammany as inevitable, and while they have the power, proceed to reduce the animal to a state of comparative harmlessness. In this line the Roosevelt -"bill may be 1, useful." It is to be hoped, if . there cannot'; be accord; that faction ists may be robbed of their power for fatal mischief. ' ■ \ ■ : CURRENT COMMENT. Is speakinir of the selection of time and place for holding the National Democratic nominating convention, a leading eastern contemporary well says: "The contest of locality was spirited, but apparently gave rise to no ill feeling, and the party representatives are reported as being en tirely satisfied with the selection. It having been determined that the convention should go to the west, no better place conld have been found than the Garden City. Its hotel accommodation* are ample, the exposition building contains a meet ing place perhaps better fitted for tbe purpose than any other strncture on the continent, and the location is sufficiently near the geographical center and well enough snpplied with means of communication to enable the Democracy of dis tant sections to make the journey without delay or discomfort. The date of meeting is a fort night later than that of the Cincinnati and St. Louis conventions, but this slight difference in time is unimportant, and, all things considered, the committee could not have improved upon it." According to M. Elwood McPherson, Mr. Blame is profiting by President Gar-field's assas sination. The ex-clerk of the house of repre sentatives, =ays that there is a very strong feel ing in Pennsylvania for Mr, Blame. One thing that is helping him, he says, among the country people is the feeling that he lost his place throngh the assassination of Garfleld, and that the injustice of his retirement should be made up to him. This feeling is also said to be at the bottom of the Blame talk in Ohio. The Cincin nati Enquirer holds to the same sentiment, say ing: lllt has lately been shown that Mr. Blame has considerable presidential strength in the Western Reserve. He appears to be holding his old Ohio strength. He is possibly stronger than he was four years a«o, because he has the addi tion of the Garfield sentiment."' A Cincinnati lady, according to the correspon dent of the Cleveland Leader, was very happy in her repartee to Matthew Arnold, by whose side she sat at dinner. Mr. Arnold remarked that American women looked pale, unhappy and care worn. The lady quickly said: "If you look about you, Mr. Arnold, you will see that the ladies here to-day are as fair, care-free and happy as it is possible for people to be."' The teacher of lucidity raised his eye-glass and.gazing critical ly, said in a surprised tone: " Well, upon my soul, Mrs. Arnold is the only careworn one in the room.'' , The Hartford, Connecticut, Times gives ns this tantalizing picture of "returning spring"' in its issue of Saturday. "A very perceptible tint of new green is seen on some of the lawns. This Is remarkable for February here. More remarkabk', pansies in bloom have been picked in Hartford and in various parts of Connecticut within a week past.'' Isn't that enough to make one envious without breaking any com mandment. The New York World calls the turn handsome ly upon the city that is soon to have two conven tions, both Xational: "Chicago newspapers use a good deal of space and ink informing the world that Mrs. Sarah Monroe, of their city, now nine ty-four years old, used to sit in George Washing ton's lap. and we are glad to hear it; there is great comfort in the thought that somebody in Chicago has been near a man who couldn't tell a lie." Dr. Emil Pretoriocs, the editor of Carl Schurz's old paper, the Westliehe Post of St. Louis, one of the able and influential German dailies of the country says that in his opinion, the Republican nomiuationfor President lies between Arthur and Edmunds, with the chances in favor of Edmunds, if he will become an active candi date. His preference is Edmunds. The New York Sun suspects that Mr. McVengh had Holman for his model of the ideal President described in the* Century for March. Poor Holman. What has the imin done that he should suffer the attentions of such people as the ex attorney general and the Sun. What the Sun has fimished the Pennsylvania esthetic cannot gal vanize into life again. No new fashions have originated in France of late, save the latest idea for the announcement of births invariably sent ont by French parents. For a boy they are pale blue, for a girl delicate pink; in the left hand corner is the father's ccat of arms or monogram, and underneath the sign of the zodiac which was paramount when the babe first saw the light. The citizens of the United States of African descent constitute thirteen per cent, of the popu lation, the white natives, with immigrants from Great Britain and Germany furnish eighty-three per cent., leaving only four per cent, to be dis tributed among all other nationalities. "Our folks" seem to be holding their own very well. Wattersox, who in politics is a wide-oper. Free-trader, is, upon the subject of newspapers, the most iron-clad protectionist. This shows the want of sincere conviction and honesty of pur pose, a blowing hot and a blowing cold that characterizes the aimless adventurer in life and and the free-booter in politics. Waterburt, Conn., is the brass manufacturing town of the United States. Its population is 23,000, more than one-third of whom, (8,000) are operatives in the sheet, bar and wire shops. The pig metal used is procured at Cleveland, Ohio, from the brass mills there. Maine is not in danger of floods, because its forests are slashed down, if the man who buys the wood burned by the Maine Central railroad is telling the square facts. He says that wood is growing faster in Maine than it is cut. They carry the business of internal improve ment to excess inZaeatecas, Mexico. The mayor has issued an order requiring house owners to paint their buildings, and owners of vacant lots to build on them. A Louisiana paper in publishing a marriage notice added its compliments in the the following form: "May they prove as good to each other as the cake and wine proved good to us."' That's hearty, surely The Danville (Ky.) Tribune with fine sarcasm remarks that "Hon. Robert T. Lincoln is the coming man in America.'" If this were true what a lot of dudes the rest of the population must be. At the farmers" convention in Baltimore it was shown that southern competition had very nearly destroyed the profit of market gardeners on early produce, but that they still thrive on late truck. The directors of the Connecticut states prison have changed the uniform of the convicts from half black, half gray to plain gray, upon the the ory that it is more humane to the prisoners. The Norfolk, Nebraska, Journal nominates C. A. Arthur and K. T. Lincoln for 1884. Chairman Sabin may as well adjourn the Chicago Conven tion called for June 3d. Theodore Tiiomas on Sunday, February 24, in New York, gave the first of a series of free con certs, designed to educate the musical taste of the working public. The deaths in Cincinnati during the flood week were ninety-seven, while for the corresponding week of 1883 there were 145, and in 188-., one hundred cud two. The Boston Nem Letter has the fame of being the first regular newspaper published in the United States. It was founded in 1704. The Indianapolis Kewn professes happiness that Chicago hasn't got the Greenback Conven tion. Time enough yet, dear boy. The moralist of the St. Joseph (Mo.) H?-raid accepts results with the quiet remark, "St. Louis proposes, Chicago disposes." The next President will be nominated in Chicago—July Bth is the day, the people say. Steamship Movements. New York, Feb. 28.—Arrived: Bohemia, Amsterdam; Hohenstaufen, Bremen; Assyrian Monarch, London; Circassian, Liverpool. Loxdox, Feb. 28.—Arrived out: Moravia and Schedam, New York; Lord Clive, Phila delphia. Turned Roman Catholic. Paris, Feb. 28.—Mrs. Maekay will be sponsor with Gounod at the "reception of Mile Nevada, the American prima donna, into the Catholic church. Cornelius S. Palmer, Vermont, has been confirmed as associate justice of the supreme court of Dakota, and Byron C. Tiffany as register of the land office, Grand Forks. N. P. LAND GRANT. Action of the House Committee at Washington Yesterday. The Statement Made by Col. Lamborn. Land Commissioner of the Eoad. Washington-, Feb. 23.—At the meeting of the house committee on public lands, Scales withdrew the resolution offered yesterday providing for the forfeiture of land alongside that portion of the North ern Pacific railroad not completed to date. He said he had understood that the power of congress to forfeit the land of the Northern Pacific had been waived, but upon examina tion into the legal aspect of the case, he had found he held a wrong impression. Mr. Anderson then withdrew his resolution offered by him yesterday, providing for the forfeiture of the laud not earned within the time specified, by the act making the grant on July 14, IST9, and offered a substitute, providing that all grants, except unpatented lands, be forfeited. Mr. Strait moved to amend the substitute so as to provide that only the lands opposite the unconstructed line from Wallula to Portland be forfeited. The amendment was lost on viva voce vote. Mr. Eaton offered a resolution providing for the forfeiture of the entire grant. This was lost by a vote of three to eight. Ander son's substitute was then lost by a vote of three to eight. Mr. Henly then renewed the resolution orjginally offered by Anderson, and which provided for the forfeiture of all land not earned in the time specified by the act. The vote on the proposition was seven to four. Cobb, Payson, Anderson, Henly, Strait, Lewis and Scales voting aye, and Belford, Bates, Van Eaton and Shaw nay. In preparing the bill declaring the forfeiture the committee propose treating the purchas ers from the railroad company as though they were purchasers of thegovernment. The members af the committee say about 531 miles from ftulutb. to Bismarck, were com pleted in the time specified in the act of July 14, 1879, and that about 35.000,000 acres will be forfeited if the bill passes as prepared by the committee. On the receipt of the above news, yester day, of the action of the committee on pub lic lands, of the house of representatives, Col. C. B. Lamborn, the land commissioner of the Northern Pacific road, was called upon and asked his views upon the subject. In re ply he made the following statement: The house committee seems disposed to be in favor of very sweeping action, but I do not believe that any bill to forfeit the lands which have already been earned by the North ern Pacific by the actual construction of the road will become a law. In the possible contingency, however, that congress should pass an act of the character suggested in the dispatches, I think there is no doubt what ever that the supreme court of the United States would decide that congress cannot deprive the company of any of the lands earned on that portion of the road which has been constructed and duly ac cepted by the president of the United States in accordance with the charter of the com pany, and that it will not make any material difference whether the construction of the road and acceptance by the president was be fore or after July 4, 1879. The total grant of land originally made to the Northern Pacific was somewhere in the neighborhood of 50,000,000 acres, being twenty sections per mile of road in the states and forty sections in the territories. The grant extends from Lake Superior to Puget sound by way of Portland with a branch through east ern Washington territory across the Cascade mountains to Puget sound. All of this line, originally chartered has now been construct ed, excepting about fifty miles in the state of Wisconsin, 220 miles of the line along the Columbia river, between Wallula aud Port land and about 230 miles of the Cascade branch, a total of about 500 miles. Twenty five miles of the branch running west from Wallula, was recently accepted by the government, and thirty miles of the line eastward from Tacoma, on Puget sound, has been built and in operation for a number of 'years. If congress does not interfere with the company or attempt to deprive it of its land grant in Washington territory, it is the in tention of the company to complete the re mainder of the branch which crosses the Cascade mountains, as soon as practicable, and it was expected that 50 miles of the line would be put under construction as soon as spring opens. The line across the Cascades will be very expensive work. If the company is to be deprived of the lands on this branch, it is probable the line will not be built for many years. The company has already earn ed all the lands granted to it, except those pertaining to the 500 miles of road which have not yet been built. If congress should pass a bill to forfietthe lands on these 500 miles of road the company might lose ten or twelve million acres. These would lie chiefly along the Columbia river, and on the Cascade branch in Washington territory. Should such a bill as is proposed pass con gress, and be accepted by the supreme court of the United States as a legal enactment, the company would be deprived of that por tion of its land grant which it claims now to have earned by the construction and accept ance of its road between the Missouri river in Dakota territory, and Wallula Junction in Washington territory, a distance of 1,223 miles. This part of the road has been built since July, 1879. The land grant accruing to this portion of the road would aggregate about 30,000,000 acres. Of these lands about 6,000,000 or 8,000,000 acres are agricultural lands, and the remainder con sists of mountains and grazing land. Along the 900 miles of road within the boundaries of the teritory of Montana and Idaho, where, owing to the mountainous character of the country, the construction of the road has been very expensive. It is estimated that there is less than 1,500,000 acres of agricul tural land embraced within the grant to the railroad and the remaining 20.000,000 acres of the grant consists of inaccessible moun tains and arid, broken uplands, suitable only for grazing purposes. All of the land in the slate of Minnesota and in that portion of Dakota lying east of the Missouri river, and also the lands adjacent to the line of the road between Kalama on the Columbia, river and Tacoma on Puget sound, in Wash ington territory, were earned by the con struction of the railroad in 1573. As I un derstand the terms of the bill agreed upon by the house committee, the company's right to these lands is not questioned. I think the settlers on the railroad lands and in the country adjacent to the railroad in Montana and Washington territory would be very seriously affected under the proposed action of the house committee and I do not see any way in which the rights of those who have purchased land from the railroad company can be securely protected. There have been over 1,000,000 acres of these lands sold to settlers. There certainly exists no equitable grounds for congress taking the hostile grounds proposed, I think the pass age of such a bill as proposed by the house committee will seriously injure the commu nities alone: ibe line of the Northern Pacific. It will raise a cloud on titles as to land, and will retard and check the settlement of the country. It will certainly put a stop to rail road building and it seems to me that con gress has not yet considered the magnitude and extent of the injury which will be done to the entire northwest country by the pas sage of any such bill as has been proposed. I am not yet willing to believe that any law to confiscate the land grant of the Northern Pacific will be passed by congress. IMPORTANT MOVEMENT. The St. P anl & Manitoba R. R. Re duces Rates and Offers Land at S3 per Acre. The St. Paul & Manitoba railroad an nounce to-day an important reduction in rates which will take effect on the Ist of March. They have decided to reduce second class and emigrant passenger rates twenty per cent., and also to make substantially the same reduction in all of their freight rates. In keeping with this important reduction this company have made a still more im portant movement. They now offer all of their lands north ol . their Northern - Pacific crossings at Glyn don and ■ Fargo, for the •. uniform price of three dollars per acre.. Even at this low rate it is sold on time and only fifty cents per acre, is required as the cash pay nent. " Heretofore the price has been $6 and $7, with a rebate .f or each acre ■ broken. The company have a million and a half of acres of land which they offer at these rates, This is more ; favorhble. than taking home steads even, for there • are no restrictions connected wjth its purchase. This liberal policy of the St. Paul & Mani toba road will undoubtedly bring a vast im migration the present year. TRAFFIC MATTERS. The Rate War to Colorado Points , Fairly Inaugurated. A Dispute of the Name of a Fast Freight Line. , . ' . The Fight Fairly On. . | Special Telegram to the Globe.] Chicago, Feb. 28. —All the roads leading west from Chicago and St. Louis began brigh and early this morning to quote the reduced rates on freight to and from Colorado points. The "Frisco line" promptly made the cut and the fight is fairly on. All of the Chicago and St. Louis lines except the "Frisco" are working in unison and with the most perfect harmony against tha line, and whether it will be crushed or not depends upon one thing. The rates have been reduced just enough to ab. sorb its proportion of the through rate, and its success or failure will depend upon the action of the Santa Fe toward it. The latter takes all of 'Frisco line's business at Hals tead, Kas., and is, in fact, its only western outlet. If the Santa Fe will pro rate with the Frisco, the latter will be in a condition to wage a vigorious war fare, otherwise it will be compelled to carry freight for nothing. It is interesting to note the relations and connections of the various lines in the fight. The Burlington having a line of its own to Denver, will take all the business not otherwise consigned via Plattsmouth; the Northwestern, St. Paul and Rock Island will send their entire busi ness via Omaha; the Union Pacific and the Alton will naturally turn over their portion to the Santa Pc at Kansas City; the Missouri Pacific and Wabash will connect with the Kansas Pacific at Kansas City, and the St. Louis & San Francisco with the Santa Fe at Halstead, Kansas. The same connection will of course be maintained on east bound business. Dispute over a Title. [Special Telegram to the Globe.l Chicago, Feb. 28.—For some time there has been a lively controversy between the Burlington and the Western Trunk line as sociation regarding each other's right to the title "California fast freight line." This line was the property of the'lowa Trunk Line association, and. its dissolution Jan uary 1 left the freight line cognomen to the tender mercies of whoever would harbor it. The Burlington and Tri partite lines made a simultaneous grab for it, but the latter association not being ready for , business, the Burlington got ahead of it by about three weeks by issuing a circular adopt ing the title. As soon as the Western Line association was in working order Commis sioner Vining issued a circular proclaiming the right of his association as the successor of the lowa ' pool to all its effects including the name of the aforesaid fast freight line. The Burlington thereupon .issued a ciircular of directly op posite ! import claiming its rights to the title because of priority of announcement. The latest chapter in the Interesting controversy, is the following Circular issued by Commissioner Viuing yes terday: 'I -Dear Sir—As lam informed that the Chi cago,Burlingtou & Qiiincy Railroad company has obtained a share of the freight consigned to the care of the "California fast freight line" and has there fore asked you to disregard the notice and request contained in my circular letters Nos. 3 arid 4 the following statement in regard to the right of this'association to receive all freight marked or consigned care of or via said line is hereby respectfully sub mitted. The name was first used and adopt ed by Mr. Wicker of the Northwestern Rail way company, and it was only by his permission that it was used by the late lowa Trunk Line association. Upon the dissolution of said association the right to the use of the name must be reverted either to Mr. Wicker, the first inventor, or to the ma jority of the roads which had been using it. Before taking any action upon the subject Mr. Wicker spoke to Mr. Ripley of the Burlington regarding the use of the name, and Mr. Ripley expressed himself as indifferent [upon the subject stating that "C, B. & Q." was a good enough designation for his line. This association, therefore (with the consent and concurrence of Mr. Wicker) by a unani mous vote adopted the term, "California fast freight line," as a trade mark. • ,Tn>/ (iimhl (lone South. [Special Telegram to the Globe.] New York, Feb. 28.—Jay Gould started in his private car from the Pennsylvania rail road station in Jersey City to-night on his southern trip. Members of his company ac companied, but his son, Geo. J. Gould, did not go. A m teabty aft tied. Topeka, Kas., Feb. 2S.—Au amicable con ference, extending over many days, closed this afternoon, between the Kansas board of railroad commissioners and representatives of the Atchison, Topeka «fc Santa Fe railroad. The results reached are briefly: That on the desire of the commissioners the railroad com pany restores the entire system of rates which they had in force previous to the rates ordered by the commissioners. The railroad company, at the request of the commission ers, suspended its action looking toward a separation of its auxiliary lines from the main system. The conclusion which has thus been amicably reached, after a contest ex tending over the last three mouths, will give the greatest satisfaction to every interest in the state. Everlasting Good Wishes. Mr. Alfred Burnett, America's favorite comique, writes to express his "everlasting good wishes"' and says that he suffered the tortures of the damned with neuralgic pains in the head, which were completely cured by the use of St. Jacob's Oil, the great pain re liever. It was in such demand among his friends, he says: "I had to hide my last bottle." A Peculiar Case. Chicago, Feb. 28.—Mrs. Jane A. Brooks, a widow lady said to be worth half a million, was arrested at the Palmer house to-night on a warrant sworn out on allegation that she was about to leave for parts unknown. The facts leading to the arrest are as follows: A number of years ago her husband went on the bond of one Henry M. Curtis as ad ministrator of an estate, for Stanley B. Seaton, then minor heir, but now a well known amateur athlete. Subsequently a suit was brought against the Brooks estate, Brooks having died, as surety for Curtis, it being alleged that Curtis was a de faulter. The jury to-day rendered a verdict for $62,000 against the estate. Mrs. Brooks was arrested, as stated, on the allegation that she was about to leave the city for the pur pose of escaping the penalty of the verdict. The lady went into hysterics, from which she has not yet rallied, and it is feared she will die. To Reduce Wages. Plymouth, N. H., Feb. 28.—The directors of the Boston, Concord & Montreal Railroad company voted to cut down wages 8 to 10 per o«nt. The engineers threaten to leave. THE OLD WORLD. Tbe Dynamiter Endeavoring to dc Any Amount of Murder ous Work. Had Their Intentions Been Carried Ont the Innocent Would Have Suffered. Affairs in Egypt are Progressing Smoothly, and the Troops Advancing. The Powers Jubilant Over the Excellent Prospect for Peace. TSETERMTXED TO BLOW TITEM TT>. Loxnox, Feb. 28.—1t seems the cloalt room clerk at Charing Cross station hoard a noise like the ticking of a clock inside a heavy valise. He forthwith handed the valise over to the police, who sent it to Woolwich. The report that the police found a large quan tity of explosives under the Charing Cross railway station is not confirmed. Officials at the --union apprehended some outrage would be attempted early this morning. The valise contained a tin box with a quantity of dyna mite fastened around it. "Within the tin box was a clock movement, connected with a loaded revolver, and timed to ruu four hours before discharging the revolver. When the hammer of the revolver had fallen, the cartridge failed to explode, and the disas ter was averted. The valise was deposited in the cloak room on Monday night It con tained twenty pounds of dynamite. It is be lieved the conspirators intended this machine should explode simultaneously with that at the Victoria railway station. The clock move ment is of American make. Railway offi cials absolutely deny that any dynamite was found underneath the station.' The dyna mite and clock work were packed In clothes and the valise was exactly like the valise found at the Victoria railwaj station, which is sup posed to have caused the explosion there <m Tuesday morning. There is no clue to the person who left the valise in the Charing Cross station. If it had exploded it would have done much greater damair>- than at Vic toria station, as the cloak room is built under au hotel THE DYNAMITE OTSHTE39. Losdox, Feb. 28.—A score of agents and French police are tracking the movements of certain suspicious persons. The "suspects" were traced from Havre to Paris, aud then lost sight of beyond Brussels. There was do evidence that dynamite supplies have been received through France. The London police have informa tion that exp!' materials and infernal machines have been sent from America through Hamburg. The names and residences of five '-suspects," watched by the French officers,are as follows: Michael Maurice, 640 Fulton Btreet, Buffalo, N. V.; Patrick Dillon, 171 Oliver street, Paterson, N. J.; John Liston and Richard Listen, Deuisou City, Texas, and Thomas Ryan, I\!7 Twenty-fifth street, Brooklyn, N. Y. The police seem to have no positive proofs to connect them with Lon don plots. The French government has in structed the prefecture at Paris to give every assistance to the English police. It la r<~ portedChe English government will sound Prime Minister Ferry on the subject of the expulsion of Btupecteddynamiters in France. HOW Tilt: MOXEI «..■! 3. Loxnox, Feb. 28. —The bouse of commons to-day granted ex-Speaker Brand and his heir a pension of £4,000. THEY FEAK THE XIHII.I-1-i. Vienna, Feb. 28.—The St Petersburg cor respondeut of the TuyMittt says: The caar has decided to convene a superior council on the 10th of March, for the purpose <>f con sidering the sociaUsi question. They will take-into consideration the question, whether there really exists a powerful nihilist party; and. if so, what their wants are, and how tv satisfy or crush them, a~ the demands of fhti country may require. The council will be composed of representatives of the rulirm classes, Including Count Tolstoi, minister ol the interior, Lieut. General Tcb^rp^ft, Geuerals Ignaticff and Mil.jutine Abasa, and all the heads of the administrative depart ments. MILL MOBB OF THEM. London Feb. '2-S.— In the house of Com mons, the home secretary stated that a third infernal machine had been discovered at the Puddington railway station. The machine was of American nanufacture, and contained dynamite. PIRATE?. Paris, Feb. 28.—Advices from Tonquin state that fresh bands of pirates are harras sing the province of Namdlnh. The man darins menaced tbe mission house at Eezo, and troops liav<- been sent to protect it. MOKE DYNAMITE. London, Feb. 28.—The clerk of the cloak room, at Charing Cross railway station, opened at midnight, last night, a suspicious looking box, which was thought to contain explosives. It has been sent to Woolwich to be examined. Detectives have kept close watch upon the resorts of the Irish national ists in London,but Lave made no discoveries. It is believed the dynamite conspiracy is managed wholly abroad, and the conspira tors bold no connection with the Fenian of National circles here. The machine was inside a valise, attached to a cash box. It consisted of twenty pouudi of dynamite, in which was imbedded an American alarm clock, pistol and hammer, with the pistol elevated. SARUENT WDSL STAY. Berlin, Feb. 28.—Several of the Berlin papers, in friendly relations with Minister Sargent, assert the question of his recall has not been raised. To inquiries at the White house at Washington, tbe secretary of the president gives an unqualified answer that there is no thought of recalling Mr. Sargent. SIBERIA FOR HIM. Paris. Feb. 28.—The sentence of Prince Krapotkine, it is reported, has been corumut ed to banishment. THE TIMES' OPINION Or MINISTER HUNT. London, Feb. 28.—The Times, speaking of the late United States Minister Hunt, says: Mr. Hunt was a southerner, honest and stur dy, and of venerable presence. He miirht well have sat to a painter as a type of a Puri tan father. ITis was a prominent bead amongst the crowd of diplomats present at the coronation at the Kremlin last May. Hospitality was no where more freely or gra ciously dispensed than at his elegant villa in Moscow, over which waved the stars and stripes. ALMOST UNIVERSAL SUFFRAGE. London, Feb. 28. —Gladstone introduced in the commons the franchise bill, which would strengthen the state by enfranchising all people capable of exercising the rights of the franchise. America, he declared, had only recovered from the civilwar, so quickly, because of the fact that every capable citizen has been entrusted with the" right 3of the franchise A FRACAS. London, Feb. 28.—-At a carnival and festi val at Vallareal, Portugal, to-day, an affray occurred between the military and the people, and fifteen persons were injured. MUST NOT ADVANCE. Cairo, Feb. 28.—Two Egyptian batallions have started for Assonan. Fresh directions were sent to General Graham repeating his previous orders, to restrict his operations to the defence of Suakim. KEVOI.T EXPECTED. Candia, Feb. 28.—Pholiades Pasha has re signed the governorship of Crete. It is be lieved preparations are making for a great Cretean revolt. THEY ARE IX ACCORD. Rome, 'K'eb. 28.—The accord of Russia and the Vatican is complete. A Russian minis ter to the Vatican will be appointed. This Vacant see will be tilled at the coming con sistory. STILL ADVANCING. Trixkitat, Feb. 28.—Gen. Gordon marches from Fort Baker this afternoon. He bivouacs to-night and resumes his march on Teb to-morrow. One company U left to guard Trinkitat.