Newspaper Page Text
At the Banquet Given Last
Evening by tlie Iroquois
En.lm.i^.n De? sloped by a **tv\k
inglySigniiicanl Letter From
Pointed Letter From Senator Bayard
und ;t Fine Speech by Sena
Sound Talk and Cheering Words From
Many Others of the flirty '
A Brilliant Assembly in Which Minnesota
is Hi-!! Represented.
in to the Globe.]
Citn 15.—The Iroquois club of < hi
iibtedly takes rani; as the leading and
most high-toned Democratic political club in the
country, it was incorporated under the laws of
Illinois, and i mbraci - .-.: I
the leaditm citizens of Chicago. To-night the
the th i] ■
the Palmer house, between 100 and 500 mem
and invited gu •-:- beina pi tsent. 'J he i
blage was notable, incltidin. as it did many of
the prominent men of the country, and calling
forth able and inten
dent Tilden and other leadi :.- of the democracy,
t. ml v..i- quite '..' il represented, Hon. I\
11. Kelly, Mayor O'lirien, City Attorney Murray,
'_ K. iJeed, Ansel Oppenheim
.-.id tin- i Lows representative '.'.in:.' present.
Walter Mattoi ':-. son of the late Rev. John Mat
tocks, of St. i'ael. i- He- recording secretary of
Warren, also a former
it of St. I'aul, was chainn ... of the ban
quet committee. The St. I'aul delegation was
i _iy ',\' II cared lor at th..- banquet.
The spacious diuiiig-hall of the Palmer was
tastefully decorated, and th ■ tables were I
loaded with the choic -st of flowers, which made
tb - ie.il a lower of beauty. Erskine ,M. 1';.
president of the club, pre -i.i"! in
ni.-....r. Shortly before 10 o'clock, the supper
- -.1. Mr. Erskine opened
the formal cen moniei- by a neat I nt brief speech
and introduced the lirst speaker of the evening,
< 01. \\ . i.'. I. lire I.inri '_'-. of Ken
tncky, who responded to the toast:
"The republic ;.:. Indivisible l.'nion of
Indestructible States." Col. Itreckinridge is
i of the i ounl ry, and as an
. a! ■ fori lib speech was the finest of the
• . . When he aus■ he was greeted with a
perfect ovation and he was repeatedly interrup
ted by applasue of the most vociferous character.
COI.. IlllEl !.1MSI1)(JE.
After n i ounl inj al some length on the orij in
of the republic, ii- early histor} and wonderful
growth, he concluded as follows: I want to
thank you for on -c more affording me an oppoi
Utility, in the most public manner and before
such an audienci . of giving utterance to my pa—
sionate faith in the future of mv country. It i
a glorious language we speak; rich beyond es
pression are our traditions; sublime have
I en the conquests of our blood:
aud to-day thi- English tongue
is conquering the world, and it: civilization is bc
domii ant. di sl in} i; to pui our
selves at the head of the English speaking ;
pie, and mold the civilization of the world
one thought. Il is within our grasp.. Happy
. contented labor, prosperous communi
ties -oh ent sta! -:. a pur.- •, ■-.. rnni'-nl are the
lits of national strength, and these will
tempt immigration, populate territories, open
univerr ities, ac< amulate
wealth and give every hew year
increased power and accumulated
influence, a countrj of home- of untrammeled
labor, of self reliant manhood, of equal chance
for all citizens, of administered laws of just and
light taxation,and an open IJibie—this would in
deed be a powerful and irresistible republic.
This is the Democratic republic. Here is the
true foundation. On these we must build.
When 1 contemplate the continent which isto
be ours and its geographical position, and its re
lation to the world: w hen I recall tlie
glories mid the conquests of our past:
when 1 look around on a generation whose valor
in war and triumph.- lit peace have immortalized
this as an heroic age; when I try to realize the
power of the truths we believe and to estimate
the influence of uobh thoughts, and look abroad
on other people and other institutions, I turn
with serene confidence to the future, and know
that we are in the early morning of our day. I
love my party because ii is the party of the peo
ple- loving the liberty of the citizen, jealous of
the autonomy of the State, and full of hope for the
republic. The dominance of its principles make
certain the dream.- ol the fathers and will secure
the consummation of the hopes of the free.
I'hder Ihe benign swa} of its doctrines, the fed
eral government beloved by its citizenship be
cause' of its exact justice and absolute
impartiality, uuder a revered con
stitution, will he invincible in
the united strength of ronti uted ami prosperous
: an.! ihe daily example of such a people
will ia- the mighty power needed to convince the
world of ihe perfection of a republic of states
where the united power of all can la- wielded for
the defense of each, hut where there exists no
opportunity fo oppn ss or destroy. '"
Hi- conclusion, whicli was simply grand as he
Ottered i. wa- the -i. nal of another ovation of
applause, lasting sci ml minutes.
Mil. tilden's letter.
The event of the evening was the reading of
Ex-President Tilden'- letter, which followed Col.
Breckinridge's spci rh. The letter was read in a
distinct and clear manner by Mr. Judd, and when
he stepped forward with the letter ia his hand
nearly the entire audience arose and wiih cheers
and waving of handkerchiefs showed that the
Ver.. name of Tilden creates more enthusiasm
than that of any Demoi rat in the laud.
The letter was as follows:
New York, April 11, 1884.—Gentlemen: I
have had the honor to receive your invitation to
the third annual banquet of the Iroquois club,
to respond to the sentiment, "The Federal Con
stitution." I have also received private letters
asking a written response to the sentiment iv
case I am prevented from attending. 1 have
been for some time, and am still, exceptionally
eic'rossed with business, whJch 1 have no power
to defer or abandon. I must, therefore, com
municate with you in writing and my answer
Biust be brief.
Gn the formation of the federal constitution,
Governor Morris, who had been a conspicuous
member of the convention, being asked what
be thought of the constitution, replied: "That
depends upon how ii is construed." 'Mm Demo
cratic party originated in resistance by \\u- more
advanced portion ofthe revolutionists to efforts
which were made to change the character of our
government by false construction of the consti
tution, imposing on the new system a monarchial
bias. Mr. Jeffi rson's election in lEOO rescued
our free institutions from the perils which sur
rounded them and secured sixty years adminis
tration mainly in harmony with their designated
ami true character.
When an attempt was made to break up the
[~nion and to dismember the territorial integrity
country, people were c. mpelled to make
» choice between those calamities ami the dau
gi "■::.■ influences of civil war upon the character
cf the govi rnment, they patriotically and wisely
resolved to save the I uion first and to repair the
damage which onr political system might sus
tain whi d the more imminent dangers had been
provided against. The tirst work was success
fully accomplished. Bnt twenty years have
■aince elupsi d and the work of restoring the gov
ernment to its original character is not yet ac
complished. Our wise ancestors had warn
ed v- that if we fell Into civil discords our free
iystem waa liable to perish in the struggle by an
Insensible change of it- character. Not only
haM- the lies'- traditions of the patriots who won
Independence and established freedom lost th.dr
authority, but onr cherished political system is
■lowly losing its hold upon
I'fe " under fungus growths of
(fcjlse constructions and corrupt practices. The
government itself has become a menacing factor
As long ago aa 1876 I expressed the opinion
that the opposition must embrace,at the beginning
of the canvas*, two-thirds of the voters to main
tain a majority at election. In this history re
peals itself. By force 01 by fraud, even in the
jtKHnparatively popular system of England, the
■ Lioiiaroh bus, until lately, controlled a majority
-jf Parliament, and frequently decided elections
i*rj- court favors, jobs and money taken from the
jnoblic treasury. This is a hard saying but the
tee., n.' publication of papers of her deceased
statesman, leave no doubt upon the subject. In
our own country, the government, instead of
S lauding as au kuytiiid arbiter amid the conllicts
f^—qgAfr .yr-S^ 7 X* •&&&-* <SSg>^ J»^>-
of maturing opinion and contending in
ten sts ha? jt-»-ir descended Into the arena
< [uippedwith all the weapons of partisanship.
Its ni; riads of office holders, its alliances with or
■ pecuniary ■ lited
command of money levied tr . its tl ndants
and contractors, have sufficed to determine in
every cast but one. in thai case it collected
military forces around the capital, and by this
and other menaces intimidated the congressional
representatives ol of the pc >ple to
relinquish the fruit- of tbeir victory an. 1 to sur
render the government to the control of a mi
No i" form of administration is possible so li ng
is directed by a party which is
under the dominion of false doi trhies and anima
ted by immense pecuni ts in the per
pctuati at of ■ xisting abuses. The first effectual
step i.i the reform of our governmi at mnst be a
tienttil i bange in the polic} of its admhiis
tration. Thi work of reform will be difficult —
ith the whole power of the govern
' ! in accomplishing it. 1 have -in h
nee which has pn -
■ •'. '. tii ■of this countr. in every
grea! trial that I do not despair of our ult
._'ii 1 can no longer a. pire to be
leaders in this great work I hid th ise upon whom
■ just mission may fall, God speed.
[Signed] S. -J. Tnmrx.
To S. Corning Judd, Chairman of the Poti
committee, Iroquois club.
This was the mo >t I pointi d public
the great fraud of 1876, and when that pas
of his letter was read the audience again
to their feet and woke tiie echoes with their
rs. If there was before any doubt relative
toTilden's being tin first choice for president in
; 84, the greeting given his utterances to-nighl
by this bod} of representative Demoi rats \
it »r Pendleton, of Ohio, was the n<
er, responding to the to isl : "Reform of
the Civil Service." Ji too was gn i ted
storm of ap] I
SEXATOi: Pl .•'■'.'. .-.'- Sl EECIf.
Mr. Presidenl and Gentlemen: The senti
ment to which the kindness of yom
nvited me to respond opens up a wide field
for reilection. led'- 1. in ii- largest scope i; '•
• ■•■■'■ oii' - the whole chi. I >" of tin- J
govi rnment; it tou 'ion of ad ;
iniuistrative reform. I i.e..- known that :i.:- !
growing and iutluential organization i - coi ,
• | irt of the business men of < 'hi itgo. |
! am honored by an invitation to -peak lo btisi- j
n--S mm on busiii -- questions. Sarelj the
executive administration uf tins great govfcrn
tie nt is a business matter.
.'.. have a terntort of in ire than four mil
jquare miles. We have more than fifty
millions ol people. We have nearly flft} thous
and postoflices. due hundred and thirty-five
custom houses coll c! $100,000,000 of re in: -
Forty ministers of high grade represent us ii.
foreign con rl . M • ■ i luiud red md if ty coi I
atiend to our commercial i.ii rests. We
courts and judge:- and mar lials in
ivi ry state. We 1:i c militar; and
naval establishments. More than 100,000
: - are needed in tie- subordinate civil a ',
i illustration alone. These offii i ,vein
inent, having neither political power nor choice
of polities, Inn routine admini tration only,
loi ci: at some pcint and in some degree t'.ie
. 1 interests of cvi ry on.- of our lift}
as people, I- not a true and faithrul ad
; ration of i!'; a I usini ss mat
ter, demanding the ettrnest judgment, mo-: con
scientiousdevotion to dutj aud most approved
1 v. iil not argue to :i;i- a isemblage of cnlighl
i-ned men. I fei i ..- if I were scan el} jn
i i stating the admitted tin ory of our po|
government, 'lie- otlicers of lb i iverniin i
rustees for lie- people. The ; ■ if the
duties of th se officers is for the interest of the
people. Then- is no excuse for the being of one
ollice or the payment of one ' that
it i- necessary for tin- welfare of the pen
Kverv -up-, rlluous ".:■ ■•- sho ii'l le- cut off.
Every incompetenl ofiicc bidder should be
dismissed, 'the employment of two where one
v. iil suffice i< robbery. Salaries so large
that they cau submit to tin extortion of one ir
two per cent, assessments are excessive and
om. ht to be diminished. Appointments should
be made of those best fitted to perform the du
ties. Capacity, fidelity, honesty, were Mr. -)i ■'
ferson's crucial tests. Are nol these all
plain, sound pn . ■•• itions, applicable alike ti
conduct of government and private affairs? Do
they not commend themselves to your conscience
audjudgmentr If it were possible to imagine
that any one of you were rouduc'.ii g ,;,i gov
ernment us a private enterprise, for private ad
vantage, would you not adopt and put in force
every one a- a maxim from which there should ne
no departure? Whatlesscau you do than to
clothe the officers whom you select to manage
this great public business, which to each of you
and your fellow citizens :•.; some time become
private, with power and by inexorable publio
opinion require them to exercise ii to uttati
same fidelity efficiency and economy? I- i; aot
mi,-. gentlemen, that iv this greatest concern of
all to ihe government, its administration exhibits
less eeouomy, le>s fidelity, less efficient-} than
any ureal private enterprise, uuiess your gn at
city is .-; siingle exception.
Conduct of public and private business presents
a marked and painful contrast, lt is wn true
that no single human being, of however great iv- !
telligence, discrimination, industry, devotion, en
durance—even if relieved of every other duty —
could possibly, unaided, select and return in
official station, those best fitted to discharge the
many am! varied and delicate functions of the
government. All the greater is the necessity of
aid in making lit selections and testing lite ca
pacity of Incumbents, ami of placing guards
against tlie undue exercise of arbitrary patronage.
The power of removal is essential to secure
efficiency. The absolute necessity of filling
th.. vacant place with the fittest applicant limits
it sufficiently and " isel} .
I uderthis system which we have una ked,
and hope eventually to eradicute, the president
and biscabinet unable personally to chose from
the many applicants have remitted the qu< stion
of fitness to their friends, and the} !u turn bave
remitted il to their partisan friend.-. The ad
ministration has need of the support of them
of coimress. It therefore remits to members of
congress, the use of its patronage iv its various
its. These members find themselvc
under strain and pressure to se- '.
cure nomination or election, and they use
;', es to win or to reward those whose friends
and families and connections and aids and depu- "
lies serve their purposes. Thus fitness, capacity,
honesty, cannot be essential qualifications for
attaining or retaining office. Personal fidelity
and partisan activity alone control. The iil n
that ion,ikiii offices, purely administrative, at
most absolutely clerical, paying §100,000,1 a
year, are to be distributed by the president and
"his appointees after every election, and. as often
during his term as the rapai ity of place hunters
can pursuade or force them
that they shall be a reward of
merit for partisan services to be earned by per
sonal activity or contributions of money, is a
crime against civilization. It is the prolific par
ent of fraud and corruption and brutality, lt
acts upon the elements of office as the prize
of a party strugglcand the stimulant of partizan ef
fort. It induces furious activity in aid of party
and the pursuit of party suei ess. which i
a condition of getting office and parcel
ing out salary. Kecessarily, by the
logic of the system, which is strouger than the
determination of good men, however good they
maybe. It awards in its furthest ramifications
tlte highesl comparative prizes to those who have
done the most dirty work of the lowest polities,
and are. therefore, the least lilted for mists in
public services. It makes our presidents and
secretaries peddlers of office, and directs their
time and attention from the high duties with
which they are charged. It creates necessity and
stimulates the exaction of forced assessments oil
salaries, Which go to enrich bosses of high and
low degree, to compel voters, to prevent free
elections, and to secure dishonest counts, and
and worse still, sadder stiii, it
coerces incumbent" for the sake of
their office;, at the price of their manhood, to
Stifle their honest sentiments and submit to be
voted ut will by their madstrs.
••The spoil-system." il is a brutal name for a
more brutal thing, and yet it is entirely fitting.
It suggests the war and carnage of those bar
barian days when conquered people became
slaves and their property was confiscated! when
prisoners were chained to chariot wheels and
wives and children, and household goods
decorated the triumph of the victors. It sug
<>ests no civic conte.-t, no peaceful and benefi
cent 'success ef virtue or intelligence, or even of
th.- well considered opinions of the majority.
They are indeed spoils of the public treasury,
spoils of public service, the despoilment of public
virtue, despoilment of a pure ballot, the final de
spoilment of free government. Canyon recon
cile this system in any of its parts with an hon
est, intelligent, businesslike method of adminis
tering the government! "Would you permit it to
exist for an hour in your private affairs?
- aat©r I'endlpton here read the extract from
the Democratic platform adopted at St. Louis in
1576 upon civil service reform, and extracts from
Gov. Tilden's letter ol acceptance,
lie ihensaid: "On thatplatfomand that let
ter Mr. Tilden was elected presi lent of the Unit
ed States. They were an inspiration, stimulant
and promise to the people. On that doctrine
the Democratic party won its ti mil L'rcat victory
alter twenty years. On that" doctrine it will
is great victories hereafter. We havo a good
law. it is well Administered. The results were
satisfactory. The air does not touch the ques
tion of tenure of office or removals from office.
ST. PAUL, MINX.. "WEDNESDAY MORNING, APRIL 16. 1884.
except to provide that removals shall not
be made for refusing to pay political
assessments or perform partisan service. The
fundamental i !• a is that when an appoint
ment is to be made in the subordinate service,
the greatest fitness to perform the duties not
•patronage, not favor, not partisan service,not.
the contribution money, not mere political in
fluence, shall secure an appointment, and that
Euch fitness shall be ascertained by open, fair,
hone-;, impartial tests, which shall be applied to
to present themselves, even if they can't
bring a letter of introduction from some
politician or petition from fellow citizens. Let
us improve the law wherein it is deficient. Let
ngthi v and - a [ministration.
I.'-i us enlarge its scope and application. Let us
follow the example of New York, and under
state enactment secure to the -tates and
coanti > rich rewards of economy and
p ire . lin
is pledgi dto this reform, to all reform. It will
no i ictorii s by failing to
pass specific laws or to enforce them when
passed. It will -.-• I lits by loud profes
ifterwards be violated or for
gotten. If it fails whenever and wl
in the house of repi—sntatlves or in
the - ■; its acts to the faith it
professi -. i! may not hi ye power to succeed. But
toes ty il must show it.- sincerity,
we dare yield no vantage Iready won,
We dare take no step backward, we must go
forwai ; elieve upwn
assun cad of
I h ill ■ on -ign the con ards to
igtiouiimoii • ; in.
His strongest utterances denunciatory of the
v.:.- robhinj 50 000,1 I ' ol p pie, hi fairly
brought tin ass ■:
trii al appl itise.
. _. OR >] ITTLE.
Ooi . id to the nest
toast, ••'! he ■ omin
■ient. ex-Senator I) ':■• i :.-\:\. made aa
i ptu and •■■ ;-. n •'■• r spouse. It'- arraigned
■ ■ r .'■• year.
.'■ ■■ I men in the .'.' ipubli -an party, it
was impossi de lor an organi.
1 ■ : bad for so -
The onlj .-.a_. to in v. as to el ct
a i; rim icratic •\\ >■■:-. ic • r iformi r for
pn sidi ul : lie declar- j
ed ln< ive Morton a:i !
■ - . oa the cli cl
mission of 1876-7. II I I tl ' ■
i-ed Senator Trumbull,wno was ureal ;il to I .
and othi r- that the} v mid fairly I Louis- j
h . ■
. . -i. ■ -.
\'\ hen i lariiel I v. eiil bu -U into the hi use afl -r
..i ir tlarri-on. Ia m a i:i mi •-r of ,
congiv- -. -.- : - -.'.-. in i
could -. on refn -■■■ to do «bat i lie
i oinni . ipp-i [ed to An trj the ci
il -i- -] :.. wa "if you he I I
' i--iii :"
«hi ii voui corr • .
• :r :. in oi 1,,' i .
i 'ontinuing, --'v. Doolittle - laimc-d I hat I
I . -ni
in 'id . - -v « iiieii protect i! tiie
Ann-rii .... '. lioul the v. ori : aud I lie
it; which protected his
■ rights, Each was soven ; nin its legiti
mal ■■ •!.,.,:. ha - n d
(in inn il his for . I he wa
! mdij ap] iau led thn v .'hotit.
ill 1 . ' ' '.:.
Following Doolittl ■ Mr. ■'■ idd nad the follow
ing let • / i ■ ':.... :•:•:. of Llel i« ai ■.
which was i mdlj upl.-i ided :
shington, April 3. To v;. Corning Judd,
chairiiui i, et -. : ! dill} n -eived the invitation of
the pol! ca! ci mini I ■ of Ihe lro:j lois (lab to
ait ud and ; - al; . I theii I :\ the 151 ii
inst., !;.;• rem ft I one
year ago when ii was my good fortune I i be their 1
pot til ii renew the \
ure, hut v mrvej of mi Held of duty here pre
ire.- of great importance are
nott pi -e):i.L.- ' ■!' n the tw.» houses ..:' on; -
and it i hnpoi ibie to fortell wheu the_ maj
con.i up fir dis -v —i■ >ii.
The welfare of the country and prosperity of
all classes and occupations demand a speedy
: i-i ti us upon production ii id
trade cans<-d bj the present tariff laws, ivhi .
are palpably i ver\ branch of manu
facture by prohibit in-.' exchanges with other na
tions, confusing our home marke - with excite
tiient an ! depri -• i in, in; . compi iling tin ';.
ing classes to obtain their dailj bi-ead not by
rctaliui ss to work steadily, but by de
re t:p in : In- condition of our home raarkel
alone in i it? rapacit) ,11 I nol ri gulurly
'I hi.- is the i mlitio.i of ihi-'. -. and the att.i- |
tilde of the Republican part} under whose poli
cies and administration ii has been bi mglitabout,
is clear]} shown by votes iv congress and the
it ion -of their oh n party press, and it
must 1■" seen that they are ■■■. bound to protec
tion of the favored few tit the cost of the many,
that hope of ref rm or relief can be expected
..:::.. from the ascendency of the Democratic
The evils of maladministration, everywhere ap
! n-e:;!. are confi —il iv man}, and [ir >ved to ex
st in nearly ever} departmeut of the executive
branch. Kcsp. table men of every part) arc
compelled to hold their noses over the develop
ments of the star route trials. The railing out
of rogues in ollice and out ef office i- exposing a
state of things so corrupt and shocking thai th<
only marvel is that public business could have
been conducted at nil through such agency.
The testimony of the special coun
sel and agents of the government
:' members of President Garfield's cabinet,
and the official reports of the departnn ut oi
ticc are adding chapters to the histor} of malad
ministration eon a I to the worst days of tho worst
governments. These evils are thus proven by
the internal evidence of the facts themselves to
be so .1 ■■'•< -' ati (1 and v idi spread in every struc
ture aud substance of the Republican party thai
it cannol reform th. m from « iililii. That they
have grown by r< iterated use to be its customary
and daily food, and Means of obtaining and pr i
longiug its power, and cannot now he abandoned
unless it abandons ai.-o all hope- ol continuit
Of what material tho Republican conven !
; . assemble iv your _r at cit}. i- to be iom •
. and by wbi 'h its tn tion will be cl
domi lilted, may bo learned by examinatieu of
the composition of the Louisiana delegation
headed by individuals now und -r indictnn at for
bribery, accompanied by bai I of official mer
cenaries and political i amp follow* :•-, and tinder
such conditions how io. to hope for civil service
reform or tariff reforms or reforms of any kind
or nature, from a party of such antecedents,
such present composition and snch inevitable
administration in the future, should it nnhap] il
be permitted to continue its misgovernment of
1 am truly and respectfully yours.
T. J. Bavai-.d.
Gov. Hoadly of Ohio was down to respond to
ih. toast, "' he just reward of labor is the safety
ofthe state," but being unable to be present sent a
brief t< legram of regrets saying that either Til
den or Payne would be certain to carry Ohio for
the presidency. Letters of regrel were also re
el ivi I from lion R. !'. Flower of New York, Si n
atur McDonald of Indiana and many other promi
OTHER TOASTS A\'l RESPONSES).
Frank Hard, of Ohio, who was to respond to
the toast, "Commercial Freedom," was absent,
as was also Representative Regan, of Texas, who
was down to respond to "The People, not Mo
nopolies, Must Rule." The remaining toas -
were, "Reduction of Taxation, Ta.iff for
Revenue Only," response by Hon. J. Sterling
Morton, of New York; "The Party of the Peo
ple," response by Hon. David Turpee, of Indi
ana: '-Corruption in Politic.- Dangerous to Free
dom,'" response by lion. Bayliss W. Hanna, of
There were volunteer toasts, and Carter Harry
risen was shut otf from throwing in a tarilf fire
brand as he did last year, when he had a speech
prepared and given out the reporters in advance,
but made an impromptu and altogether different
one when his turn came. Carter was presen
to-night, but silent as an oyster. In fact, there
Were a great many prominent men present whose
names do not appear in the proceedings.
The banquet concluded shortly after mid-night
with every one present voting the third annual
banquet of the Iroquois a grand success.
In Shrevcport yesterday, in the morning, there
was a terrific rain storm, then pleasant sunshine,
and in the evening a repetition of the morniufi's
Westminster. Md.,had an Easter Monday Carni
val yesterday, which was a grand display, the city
having the greatest crowd ever seen in the city
to see it. f
In the City of Mexico ;.ll the stare'*-havo i-e
-sumed business, and favorable reports are re
ceived from other cities. The tax will produce
At Pittsburg, I'a.. suits of ejectment wil
shortly he entered by the heirs of the Todd es
tate, "to recover property valued at §400,000.
Their claim is acknowledged, and they will com
promise for one-fourth the amount of the present
Wheats After Fluctuating,
Kises Nearly Two Cents
on Bullish Beports.
Corn Follows in the Wake, and
Gets a Boost of a Clean
Provisions Touched with a Suspicions
Delicacy, which -Suggests jiau
Purchases by the Shorts iv the Last Hour
Save Wall Street From Demor
A General Belie* Thai Long Stocks
Were Sold Heavily on the
r-;. ■- in T ram to th • Globe.l
Chicago, A,.ril 15.—The markets on
'ehauj.l t-.Mlay weri active, but the feeling
was feverish and valut - of every commodity
in for future delivery were very Irregu
lar, j':-..;-:. - ■ ...■■! a decidi lly lower
average, '■■.. _ .... rice. .
v. hilt grain. dned at the -ip -ninp,
'■ rallied and cl -• d al a mat rial advanei .
recovery from the lowest pric . wa
Tlier" were nun ining influences
t" the grait ;. . there i- a very
rlass of operators, both on and oil the
board, who think thai prices r than
are warr inted I y thi surrouui'.ings, aud such
- are e\er i .■ judgment
money when the slightest inducement
On trie pi .ti iwevi r, :;.. re were
few li atuivg ol icing character. The
I'eeei; I lit 11,500 lead.
11,1-_ ■ ■ ■ ,\ ere loft. 20c
l.e-.e;-. tin- ■ i ad. ices from
' ni of a m-.r
terial lucre ise - , the i;. suing
■ : June, and demand for all
'- .•-- iof . ro lucl - was very
small, hi n. sHI t-> warrant con
fidence in - ■ . ir future de
l.v. ry, exeep er short -ales.
Wii ' ■ :; most acti> c spe
with tii v • ■ of -iiiieling
i calculat -1 to influ
prices were iargi r of an uu.ci.
the chief -::-. - ' . in .- the siinill
receipts, only fourl GB ear- !■ ing iuspecteii
during the la fwr hours. The stork
in -' ire r liirtvi dan ictljiji of r»(;u,00()
'! - since t!i of tiie previous
week's report, li I thai the
consumption aud : orts since Jan
uary 1 showed an i I receipts al
the leading p irts fir the sami time of 15, -
000,000 bushi is ol n ieat*and wheat in their.
Those ..Im have been figuring on the
situation estimate t:mt 'there Is a short
in! nst ol 60.010.000 busli sis. The
weather was vi.., unfavoraj^h for spring
s jeding. Private •■ - teived quot
ing an advahce of 1 i pr cental in Liverpo il.
Al tlie open'n , : owevcr, there was a feeling
of distrust, and prices soon receded ;;e. but
there was mi active Lv In : to cover shorts,
and this with free takings by heavy bull op
erators, quickly senl quo ations \r t > to the
firs! sale-, when they again fell to the lowest
figures, which induced v ry large buying,
and prices rapidly rose until an advance of
1 •". was secured. The extreme range for
May was S'3%(t_!ss}£c, closing on 'change at
85J .<-. On the call, under free selling,
pri es declined V- ul,: ' n the curb there
was a further declin i June ranged
1 :.- '.V aho\ May, 87 ,c on
■change, and al ".: on call and curb.
Corn opened weak ai d earlj - dcs were
made at a slight dcclii the day ad
vanced a stronger feeling-was developed,
and although the volume of trading was only
fair, prices appreciated Lc and the Improve
ment was sustain! a ai tin; close. The
strength, however iVas largely due to the
improvement In wheat; Opening sales of
No. -J were on a basis of r.l .v HI '■> fur
May. Fn m this p iit, in symathy with
wheat, prices declined i--: I'M; but the
decline caused free covering by the shorts,
and a fair amount of fcttying for a scalp by
the longs, who • grain as being
c cap. Prices si meed to 50c, and I
clos id on 'change at I t the May
option. On the call th
and prices declined J.,e. The inspection
showed 20-1 cars, of which ?."i were contract
grades Th.- slick in libited an in
crease during tin 63,000 bush
Only a moderate epei tsiness wa
il .tie ill nuts. Which opened o Met. but tllC ri
ce!;.l.-, and offerings wen both light and prices
nppn ciated :'. <-. op< vi 32 : c for
May and closing on 'change at 32% c, while
on the curb ; rici nil '„ higher.
In provisions the market ruled active, but
was irregular and lower. Based on yester
day's lasl quotations on 'changepork at the
close showed a dcclii 85 c4oc. It was
fairly active in y. though at
the opening, whe as weak, the
movement, in fai . piite -: iw, but dur
ing the latter par! in business
was characterized The feeling.
however, was unsettled and prices were eas
ier. The lowest price- t the nay prevailed
early and the bighi sl shortly tw lore the close.
May closed at firstname.lastname@example.org. On the call
pork advanced 5@7 :_e. luit this strength was
subsequently lost on curb transactions.
Lard though Btrongei than pork relatively
was easier than on yesterday. The decline
from yesterday's closin prices was only 5(3
7J-.C. Trading was very fair, the greatest
activity as in pork, being shown during the
latter part of the - issil i . Cash lard was gen
erally quoted at the ruling prices for May.
May opened at $8.22 -Id up to $8.25,
down to i=^. 17 .ii- to $B.i ■
whicli point it cli—-1. t..-.nl was steady on
call, but was easier an I declined '2-_c on the
Short Tibs weK in fir demand for cash,
but were weaker iv sp. euhitive lines. May
closed 15c lower than 'estenlay. ami June
17J_Tc lower. t)n the call prices were steady.
Milmine, Bodman. '*% Co, says: "There is
a marked increase it. the outside buying
orders now, and the jn.irket begins to look
stronger all around and we thiuk it is iv
condition to be bulled ■••isily. We are about
ready lo conclude tb.v this wheat is unsafe
to sell short except on extremely short
bulges and at the same time it is quite safe
to buy ou the breaks. But the general
situation has not materially improved.
Walker, of New York estimates the decrease
iv the visible su] . i>r the week will be
1,000,000 bushel- ie-- thaif 'he week pre
vious, and this is by no nuyft s encouraging
to holders. We thin! there are speculative
influences at work . •-.>- that are liable to
give us a sharp advai -.-. but ultimately we
think prices must Bel) lower than we have
yet seen them.' 1
Crittenden & Harvey say: ';Wc believe
it safer to work along on" tbe buyer iide
of the wheat market, but at this advance
hardly believe we would buy, although the
market acts as if it might be pushed lc or so
higher in order to force the shorts in. "We
piay be all wrong regarding the market
I value oi corn, but believe current prices Jgw 1
enough and hardly agree that a single
can snpply the whole country and all inter
mediate points, and woald not be surprised
if enterprising emigrants "by diligent in
quiry" find land for sale beyond the border
|Special Telet'ram to the Globe.]
CniCAGO, April 15.—T0-day's money mar
ket failed to develop any new features, but
as a whole ruled firmer than fur a few days
past. Banks continue to report plenty ol
money on hand for business requiremenisf,
but indicate a tri:'.- more firmness on the
part of holders. Eastern exchange was less
plentifully offered and was quotably ;
ruling at 60c premium per $1,000 sixty lays.
Foreign exchange wa- unchanged at §4.86J^.
The associated bank clearings were sr,-20G,
-000, against $8,133,000 yesterday.
[Special Telegram to the Globe.l
New Foek. .V^ril 15. —Priceswere inclined
to be a trifle better for an hour -n* so this
morning, and the market appeared rather
firm for most stocks, a selling movement
then set iv in Missouri Pacific and -;
tral, which caused a break of 1 percent.
in them. This weakened the balance, and
create. Lan uns ling throughout.
The fact thai Mr. '< m tii - received
no su] p.!■: whatevi r, was look id uj n as an
unfavorable omen. Roeta --.- r i\: Pil
was again in the dumps, and Oregon railway
W:. ii Missouri Pacific touched 82 j and
Western Ui below 68 the demorali
/..' :. - imed complete. The shorts took
hold in the last hour and their purchases
e.ir- • .'. quite v rally, sufficient mdi ed to
carry many stocks above tlieopi ningfitfures.
There was considerable activity at the finish,
with reactions all along the line. Tin-re are
few -.vie. believe thai there i- anything p r
mancnl in thi imj rovi ment to lay, and
there .. .- . I hi. ol evidi uce thai any quan
tity Of :. the
million"tv ■ larsof
ip i to-tl iy and
ready et for s -morrow.
Albert VV. Day says: "The opening was
firm and the i ncr U in: rk t v. i- .teady until
t ranis noon, S. V. V\ iil showi d his bond
a; a h av\ si li rof Mis sour! Pacil |
i' il >\\ i- i ' - ■ ... The and Gran
gers were sl .g. >Joi <■ .
vancing later iv the day to 11" ' . The
coali rs were 1 .. rish. .1 r_ ■;. w
>, but n eoveri d b fore thi elosi to 86.
The :: iv St. P tul, Mi. uri Pa
cilic, \. - -;. ra Union, Union Pai tli • and
1 ■ ' iwana were eery large, (j
market, anticipating an unfavorable decis
ion in the Mauhatten case, aud on its au
nt the i - . . and
Oould bought the market. We think the
market a sa!< ou all rallii s. The cl ■-•
d by a ... n :ral advance all alon
LATE CITY GLOBULES.
The Republican city cf sterday
decided to base the representation of the
precincts in their convention uponjth
for the whole state ticket, aud nol upon the
vote for governor. _\t -I p. m. to-day the
committee will hold another met ting.
The second anniversary gathering of the
Crusaders at Pfeifer's hall in drama this
There was a m etingofthe State Fltstori
cal society officers on Monday evening
the business was mostly that of detail.
Thi board of abatement cut down some
persona] property taxes yesterday.
The St. Paul Crusaders will celel
second anniversary of their organization by
a musical and dramatic entertainment at
Pfeifer's hail, to-night. Among the singers
will be Miss Annie Shonarth, ol this i il
Mr. M. s. Baker, of Minnca di . with Pr -
fessor Manner, of the Cathedral choir, as
director. Seibi rt's orchestra will be in at
tendance. The entertainment will
with the drama "Solon Shingle," with Mr.
A. M. Doherty in the title roll.
Rurdette Thayer, Esq., of Spring Valley,
was in attendance upon the supreme court
yes • rday.
<". W Bonn, Esq., of the legal linn id'
Cameron, Lorey&Bonn, of La Crosse, iva.
in thi city on busiucss yestt rday.
Capt. Reed, warden of the state peniten
tiary, visit id the state capitol yesterday.
Beclouding tt Title.
An interesting suit was filed in the district
court yesterday by J. 11. Schurmeier and E.
Good, plaintiffs, vs. ■'. C. Bettengcn and his
wife, defendants. Plaintiffs are tenants in
common and owners in fee of property in
block iof !..s man Dayton's ad'
claim that J. 1!. Cabaune, real estab dealer,
claiming to In- agent . 8, ISB4,
for 8150 earnest money and a bargain I
§2,250 cash, and the same amount at tbe end
of one year, to be secured by mortgage,
wr ingfully cxci uted an insti i had
it recorded, making sale ' «d" this
property to the Bettengeus. Plaintiff's
claim Cabaune hsttl no authority so to act,
pud them no money'and that 'twas an at
tcmpl on In'- '..art and on the part of the de
fendants tn sp iculal • on the
erty and force th. plaintiffs to -. |]
it i n terms to which th ; and
had no knowledge of what ver. Further
more, they had never seen the Bettengen's
money or mortgage. They ask the
court for $1,000 damages fir clouding
title to their property, and that the defend
ants be compelled to surrender theit
agreement, and if they do not, to have the
record of the instrument annulled in the reg
The Trial of Rheams.
[Special Telegram I
Moobhkad, April 15.—The trial of Henry
Rheams, for the murder of Frank Chase last
September was commenced ;> sterday, and
the testimony was all in to-night. The
murder occurred at Glyndon, and the story
is that the two had a quarn 1, and Rheams
went and borrowed a revolver and came
back and shot t hase. The testimony s ems |
to show that Rheams borrowed the revolver
for self-protection, but again mci ting ■
and his brother the row was renewed, and
Rheams shot first in the air and then at
( hase, who was making fur him. Tins
theory is given color by the fact that both
' sea were large, muscular men, while
Rheams is a small, thin man, weighing
about 125 pounds. Arguments will begin
At a meeting of the Xew York presbyter;.- yes
terday ir was stated that a wealthy lady had pre
sented $69,000 for the n^-(; of niv.'.y churches.
The threatened strike of the Third Tool Coal
mine, Pennsylvania, will hardly occur, as too
many must have the work, even at the reduc
TROTTING STOCK AUCTION.
t^gjgE^Sa.l|_[__|^_g__S== **■- ' b "i.'i'aul. AlVau.
ORGANS for $35, at $3 uer month, i
CMS for $50, at Upr mm i
ORGANS for $15. at $5 per moa.
PiAHOS for $250, at $10 uer Ml,
pianos for $353, at $10 per mm.
PIAMuS for $450. at $15 w montb
-7777 7 7 7
Steinway, Chickering, Haines,
Behr, Kranich & Bach, Gab
ler and Arion PIANOS.
3 3 3
Mason & Hamlin, Packard and
148 & 150 East Third St., St. Paul.
.1 VUSEMI : I v
GRANEH iPERAHi >USE.
1.. X. SCO! :
SOUVENIRS TC-NIGHT I
Matinee and Night !
BAETON COMEDY CO.
In th di ■■■• Musi .1 and <
Sc its n .v on sale at boa
GRAND < >PERA ll< ....
L. X. SCOTT, Manages.
Tliree Ntt only. TlinrsljF. Friday anil Sat
unlay, gmmMatinee, Amii 17, ia & 19.
Tbo Madison >§m Theatre
Will present the charming play of
The ■ ; . my, B, autiful Seen
■ ?< its at box office torn...
'■'■■'■ ■ - ts Sl .00 and Tsc.
Gives Special Bargains in
Olough & Warren Organs.
OC E Third Street. - St. Paul
MINNEAPOLIS & ST. PAUL
GRAVES & CO., Propr's,
Manufa :1 arera of
I Improved Patenl Safety Freight am! Pas
HIM), STEA3I, AID HYDRAULIC.
iTorks, Li layette We. and M.&M. IM.'.
!'" vi ..'. Bi .ton block.
Ti. M .
teacher in well ki
i and of pi ivati
' his services to those di siring .
put, ■■■ ut, • :-.," rieni ■ i ai
Nc. 96 East Third St.
j Wednesday. TMnfiay. Friday, Saturday
April 16,17, IS, 19. *
UNDER THE AUSPICES OF
Companies C, D & MM Rcgt
Eminett light Artillery.
A TerriMe Fall i
they are all st<
and it would
dent to occur
cities . :
The fall ii
the uniform ;
§10, they ori
for §15, SIS ;
They are tli
and being a job i
want to closi i out.
Ask to see a 810 .Man's
Suit from our job coun
One-Price Oiii Honse,
Onr stock of
.1 Overcoats would
docredit toa Broad
New York store; i
braces every style
• • iired,
is the be
$8 and $10 w
clothe yon fro
ou dollars on;
vfiii the in
Comer Tbird. and Rotert sir
ST. PA I 1..
Onr stock of Bo
and Children's I
superior to air in