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Increasing Evils of the System — WJiatSo-
Dr. Talmadge preached in the Brooklyn
Tabernacle, .Sunday April 20th. On the sub
ject "Easy Divorce." Before the sermon he
read and expounded the scriptural passage in
regard to the burial of Sara in the cave of
Macphelah. One of the hymns was sung to
the tune of "Home, Sweet Home." Dr.
Talmadge's text was Matt, xrx-6: "What
therefore. God hath joined together let no
man put asunder."
That there are iv America, to day, said he
hundreds and thousands of infelicitous
homes no one will doubt. If there were a
skeleton in only one closet that might be
locked up and abandoned, but in many a
borne there is a skeleton for every closet.
"Unhappily married" are two word 6 which
tell all the domestic history. You need no
orthodox minister to prove to a badly mated
pair that there is a hell: they are there now.
Thousands of good and gracious women are
thus Incarcerate, and their lifo is a crucifix
ion, while many a good man, like John Wes
ley, has married a vixen or a fiend. Oftcner
both parties are to blame, and Thomas Car
lyie is an irritable scold, while his wife
smokes and swears, and Froude, the histor
lab, is mean enough forlhe shekels he gets
for the manuscript to withdraw the curtain
that hid the life long squabble at 5 Cbeyne
Row and Craigen Pattock. For the relief of
all BUcb homes it is proposed to disband the
domestic partner-hip. Make divorce easy.
When husband and wife find themselves at
a discord, drop the tune and let there be a
■: ment of spirits.
Now. for certain causes, divorce is as
righl as marriages, and I have as much re
gard for one lawfully divorced as forone law
fuily married. <\ , 1 authorizes one us cer
tainly as he authorizes the other. But whole
sale divorce isone <n the national scourges,"
FREE LOVE AND ITS ADVOCATES.
And it is no surprise tome when I see
what have been the influence at work to dis
parage that divine and glorious institution.
We had for a long time while lecture plat
forms resounding with the talk of a free love
miilcnium. Meetings in Academy of Music,
Brooklyn, and Cooper Institute, New York,
and Trcmont Temple, Boston, and all over
the land. The stage occupied by women,
some fif whom have since been distinguished
for their promiscuity of affection. Among
their favorite themes were, "The "Tyranny
of Man." "The Oppression of the Marriage
Relations" "Woman's Rights,,' "Alliuity,"
the chief spirits ef such meetings were wom
en with short hair aud short dre-s,
but long tongues everlastingly at war with
God and society because they were created
women,whiic a tew men with soft accent and
cowed demeanor and apologetic.
•or their masculinity sat here and
there on tin platferm and held the- parasols
of the termagant orators as they went on
preaching the gospel of free love. Those
franties, rampant for twenty years on the
platform, sent more devils into domestic life
than can be exercised for 1 lie next century.
Men and women went home from such
meetings to be permanently confused about
their wives ami husbands that they never got
over the perplexity and the civil aud crim
inal courts were called in to help discntau
gle the trouble, and tiiis one paid an alimo
ny and the ill: ]• got a limited divorce aud
the lather took the children on condition that
the mother could see them once in a while;
and some of the contestants went into the
grave and some into the penitentiary and
some into public dissoluteness aud all into
DEMORALIZING HOOKS AND THEIK INFLUENCE.
Another Influence that has done much to
demoralize the marriage relation has been
the pustulous literature that fills the country
millions of sheets of it abroad every week,
choked with stories of domestic wrongs, iu
fidelities, stratagems, murders, until it is a
wonder that there is any common sense or
de< ency left on the subject of the marriage
Now for the correction of all these abuses
it is seriously proposed that divorce be made
more easy. Before I yield to that cry I waut
to know how easy it is now. I have looked
over the law of all the states, aud though
easier in some states thau in others, it is
easy everywhere. In order that it may bo
perfectly easy in Illinois after mentioning a
long list of causes tor which divorce may be
granted, thai state in her law says that the
court may decree a divorce on other grouuds
if satisfied of the expediency of so doing.
You wonder that in Cook county of that
state in ISSO, there were eight huudred and
thirty divorce suits begun! To show how
easy it is I have to tell you that iv Massa
chusetts six hundred divorces were grauted
in oue year, iv Maine four hundred aud
seventy-eight, in Connecticut four hundred
and one. lv the one city of San Francisco
they had theee hundred and thirty three di
vorces in 1880, in New England in one year
two thousand one hundred and thirteen, but
in twenty years in New England twenty thou
sand. At the rate at which causes for di
vorces are multiplied and the number of cas
es increases we arc not far off from the time
when the courts '.■.ill set apart whole days for
applications aud all that will be necessary to
prove against the man will be that he has
left his evening newspaper on the middle of
the iloor and against a woman that an over
coat was found buttonlcss. Within a few
years divorces have doubled in France, Eng
land aud the United States. In Western
Reserve, Ohio, the divorces as compared
With the number of marriages are one to
eleven iv Rhode Island oue to twelve, in
Vermont one to fourteen. Is not that easy
?nough* Mark this: In all the history of the
world tbatfrequency of divorce is always a
sign of the dissoluteness of society. For the
lirst live hundred years of Rome only one di
vorce—years of her glory and virtue. But
the reign of vice began and with it divorce
became epidemic and if you want to know
how fast the empire went down ask Gibbon.
Do you kuow how the reign of terror was
ushered mi i France. By twenty thousand
divorces in Paris iv one year.
WHAT SOCIETY NEEDS
What society needs most now is to make
divorce more aud more difficult. Men and
women must understand that if they go into
the marriage relation there is no prospect of
escape except through the door of the sepul
chre. What will make the human race pause
on the verge of this relation until they are
satisfied that it is the safest and wisest and
best thiug to do. That will put an end to
marriage in fun. That will take out of the
relation all idea that it is merely a trial trip,
aud that if they don't like it they can get out
at the next lauding. That will take marriage
out of the realm of tho frivolous iuto the
realm of the tremeudous, and the flowers in
the bride's hair will be no more a joke than
the cypress on the coilin. What is most need
ed is that the congress of the Uniten States
at its present session move for a change in
the constitution, so that there can be made
one uniform law for all the land, and what
is right in one State shall be right in all the
States, and what is wrong in one State shall
be wrong in all the States. New disaffected
partners in marriage may move from State to
State aud achieve liberation from the domes
tic ties so very easily that the other partner
knows nothing of it until he or she read in
the newspapers that 'on the 14th of April,
1884. by the Rev. Dr. Somebody, the party
—a little while absent from home on pleas
ure excursion at Newport or business in Chi
cago—has been introduced into another mar
tial partnership; marriagfi at the bride's resi
dence; no cards'. In some of the States a
practical premium is put upon matrimonial
disintegration, while some of the States, like
our own New York, have the pre-eminent
idiocy of making marriage lawful at twelve
and fourteen years of age. Letcongress,
through a committee made up not of single
gentlemen but of men of families, who have
their households with them in Washington,
after the requisite chauge in the constitution,
prepare one good, common sense, sl'ingent
law on the subject of marriage and divorce
which Al cover everything from sandy-
Hook tOTlolden Horn. Then the brokerage
in marriage will cease and the divorce law
yers will go into respectable practice, and
those who are planning how they can escape
from the martial oath will go to work plan
ning how they may adjust themselves in the
more or less unfavorable circumstances.
MARRYING MEN TO REFORM THEM.
Rigidity of the divorce law will keep hund
reds of women from the failure of attempt
ing to reform nien by marrying them. She
knew he drank, although he tried to hide it
by chewing cloves. Parents and friends
warned her. No! She will attempt his reform
by marriage, and if she fail the law will em
ancipate her; for her habitual drunkenness
is a cause of divorce in Indiana, Connecti
cut. Florida, Arkansas, California and Ken
tucky, and almost all the states. So the
poor thing goes to the altar of sacrifice.
Show me where the poverty struck streets of
any city are and I will show you whole lines
of houses where all the women married men
to reform them. The reformatory attempt
may be successful in one case out of ten
thousand, but I have never seen one success
ful experiment. Rigidity of divorce law will
lead a woman to say: "If lam affianced to
that man it is probably forever, and if now
in the ardor of his young love and I am the
prize to be won he will not give up his cups,
after he has won his prize he will surely not
give them up. No, sir you are married to
your club room and married to your evil hab
its, and you are a bigamist already. Go."
HASTY AXD FOOLISH MARRIAGES.
Kigity of divorce law will put an estoppel
on hasty and inconsiderate marriages. Un-
der the impression that for frivolous cause
one can be released by the divorce law here
or elsewhere, the solemn relation is entered
into without reflection or inquiry. Romance
and impulse have too much sway. The
ground for the compact is that she likes his
lot 09 and he admires the graceful way she
passes raound the ice cream at a picnic.
Men incirpable of paying their own board
bill take the hand at the altar and say,
••With all my wordly goods I thee endow."
Women who could not make a good loaf of
bread to save their lives promise to "cher
ish and obey." A Christian will marry an
atheist, and that is always conjoined wretch
edness, Hearing about love in a cottage,
some one brought up In ease goes down to
starvation in a hovel. Plenty of runaway
matches and elopements, nine hundred and
ninety-nine out of a thousand of which are
dcathand hell! Ministers of the gospel in
these regions having no defense as in other
regions by public banns or by margiage li
cense signed by State officials, are left to
blunder by marrying people that ought never
to be married becasue they are too young or
already umder solemn domestic contract.
By the wreck of 10,000 family altars, by the
holocaust of 10,000 sacrificed men aud wom
en, by the memory of despoiled homesteads,
by the hearthstone of the family which is the
corner stone of the State, and in the name of
that God who has set up the family institu
tion anil made the breaking of the marrital
oath the most appalling of all perjuries, I im
plore tie- Congress of the United States first
for a change in the National Constitution
and then for au all comprehensive, just and
stringent law of marriage and divorce.
ADVICE TO SINGLE PEOPLE,
Aud let me say to the hundreds of young
people here assembled, before you join heart
and hand in solemn pledge, use all csfution,
make all outside inquiry as to habits, explore
the disposition, question as to ancestry,
scrutinize the tastes and find out the ambi
tious. Don't take the heroes and the hero
ines of cheap novels for your model. Don't
entrust your time and eternity in the keep
ing of a man who has the reputation of being
a little loose, or a womau who dresses fast.
Remember that good looks are a gift from
God, but that a few wrinkles may spoil them
or an eruptive disease "deface them. Lord
Byron's beauty was only equalled by his de
pravity. Absolom ( 8 hair was not more splen
did than his behavior was despicaole. Hear
it! Hear it! The foundation of * happy mar
riage has been and always will be good
character. Ask father's and mother's coun
sel iv this the most important step of your
life. They are more interested in your wel
fare than any being on earth, have already
made more sacrifices for you and will do
more for your happiness. Above all, ask
TO THE HAPPILY MATED.
Let me say to those who are happily mated
Avoid first quarrels. Have no unexplained
correspondence with former admirers. Don't
cultivate suspicious. Don't in a moment of
temper rush out and tell your neighbors
about your wrongs. Don't let the gad-abouts
of society unload in your house their bag
gage of gab and tittle-tattle. Don't stand
too much on your rights. Learn how to
apologise. Don't be too stubborn or too
proud, or too devilish to "make up." Al
most all the great matrimonial disasters
started with little infelicities. The whole
pile of ten railroad cars, telescoped aud
smashed at the foot of an embalikment a
hundred feet down, came to that catastrophe
by getting only two inches off the track.
The most scandalous aud wide resounding
divorce cases have grown out of little mis
understandings that were allowed to go on
till home and respectability, aud religion and
immortal soul went dowu iv the crash.
And fellow citizens as well as fellow
Christians, let us all have a divine rage
against anything that would despoil the mar
riage state. Blessed intuition! Instead of
two arms to fight the battle of life—four! In
stead of two eyes to see the rugged path—
four! Instead of two shoulders to lift the
burdens —four! Twice the energy. Twice
the courage. Twice the holy "ambition.
Twice the probability of worldly success.
Twice the prospect of heaven. Into that
marriage bower God fetches two souls.
Room outside for all bickerings, and all con
troversies and all contention. Room inside
only for one guest, aud that the Angel of
Love. May that augel guard the floral door
of this Edeuic bower and with keen blade
cut down at the rescued door-sill its worst
enemy—easy divorce. For every "Paradise
Lost" may there be a "Paradise Regained,"
and when we leave our homes on earth may
there be for us a brighter home in heaven at
the windows of which there are familiar
faces at this moment watching aud waiting
to see our arrival, and wondering why 60
long we tarry.
Lady Stradbroke Snubbed.
It is quite a mistake to suppose that "the
lady of title" who is morally responsible for
the London World libel has gone entirely
unpunished. The Queen was exceedingly
angry with her; and she received an unmis
takable hint that she would do well not to at
tend the drawing room, and her majesty al
so crossed her landyship's name out of the
state ball and concert invitation lists. In
deed, the name would have been perman
ently struck off the Buckingham Palace list
but for the Queen's consideration for her
ladyship's blameless husband, who has suff
ered as much mortification from the affair as
did the Due d'lvry after his spouse's indis
cretions at that Congress of Baden of which
we read in "The Newcomes," "My lady"
has also received the cold shoulder from Mar
borough House, so that altogether her posi
tion has been by no means so satisfactory as
most people suppose.
Fanny Ellslcr's Old Age.
Fanny has never married, although she is
reported to have been beset with oilers from
her lGth to her 70th year. She is credited
with having had a number of lovers, and an
officer- in the Austrian cavaly and a well
known stock broker in this city are reported
to be her sons, but the relation has never
been publicly acknowledged. The notorious
scandal about herself, when a bewitching girl
of 18, and the Duke de Richstadt, son of Na
poleon 1., she has always stoutly denied. She
says their bruited love affairs must have been
purely metaphysical, because she never, she
avows, laid eyes on the handsome and ill
starred youth. She lost a large part of her
fortune some years since by speculation on
the Bourse, but has sufficient left to keep her
in comfort and independence. No trace of
her personal charms has been visib'e for
The Woman Who Dared.
Laura Johnson, a Milwaukee girl, became
so indignant on reading a letter from her be
trothed, in which he expressed the desire to
break off their engagement, that she tried to
snatch the engagement ring from her finger,
but it was so firmly fixed that she could not
remove it. Seeing a hatchet near by, she
then deliberately chopped the finger off, and
sentit, with the ring attached, to the faithless
Diane's Awful Vigor.
By the way, I saw Mr. Blame on the street
the other day, aud I was struck with his vig
orous action. He walks with the strength of
a steam engine, and hjs face flushes like a
boy's. Still I must confess that his hair and
beard are white as snow. Blame is really a
THE ST. FAUX, DAILY GLOBE. FRIDAY MORNING. APRIL 25, 1884.
HISTORY OF OSCULATION.
KISSES OE ALE COUNTRIES AND OF
Men Wlio Kiss and TJieir Reasons for Such
Salutations — The New Fashion of
Labial [Salutation — Gaining
Ground Among the Dudes.
The researches of laborious delvers in the
mine of usual information have made it no
longer doubtful that the art of osculation is
of an antiquity very remote indeed. No
doubt the term designating this charm pro
cess is one of somewhat "learned length,"
and of sibilant, if not of thundering sound.
But it is susceptible of easy translation. It
is a noun, and a very proper one, generally
speaking; but even if sometimes a little
naughty, it is always nice. Holy Writ is re
plete with records bearing on the subject.
The practice is unquestionably of Oriental
origin, as in truth is that of the race with
which it came in to stay.
There are several references in Genesis to
kirsing. In the affair of Joab and Amasa,
recorded in H. Samuel, it is connecled very
intimately with a tragedy, for it is recorded
that: "Joab took Amasa by the beard with
the right hand to kiss him and the hen
smote him in the fifth rib." Labal salutation
appears also to have been interchanged by
Joab and Rachel; Laban and his sons and
daughters; Moses and Aaron; Orp'ua and—
mirable dictu—her mother-in-law! A good
girl that Orpha!
Strange as it may appeas at first blush, the
allusions to the practice of kissing in classic
literature are comparatively few, and those
mostly of a contemptuous character. It is
well known that the Greeks and Ro
mans—especially the latter—had no toler
ance for eflimminacy in any form and per
haps, from their point of view, kissing came
under that ban.
So, too, among most of the great Roman
writers. Persius and his greater successor,
Juvenal, had their hands full in lashing the
giant vices of their time, and gave no heed
to trifles. Whether kissing prevailed to any
great extent dnring the Dark Ages is a ques
tion involved in an obscurity as profound as
The dawn was sometime in breaking, but
about the beginning of the Fifteeuth century
the long-hidden sun-god burst forth in all his
effulgence. The people of Europe, and, for
aught that can be added to the contrary,
those of Asia, Africa aud the islands of the
sea commenced to kiss. It was one loud re
verberation from Indies to the Pole!
In 1448, Lorenzo the Magnificent reigned
in Florence. He was the most munificent
patron of learning all kinds —including the
science aud art of kissing—since Maecenas.
During the three centuries following Loren
zo's reign other choice spirits bore sway in
high places. They were nearly all—male and
female—devoted aud assiduous patrons of
the oue art of kissing. Contemporary litera
ture is full of it. Shakespeare overflows with
moving delineations of this absorbing pas
time. There is hardly one of his dramas —
tragic or comic—in which there is not a re
ference to kissing. The term "kiss" appears
one hundred aud forty-nine (49) times in
the plays: "kissed" and kissing are used in
eighty-two Instances, making a grand aggre
gate of two-hundred aud thirty-one (231)
times in which the bard recurs to a soul-ab
sorbing exercise in which, no doubt, he was
At the court of Lorenzo the form of kiss
ing was most decorous. Henry VIII. kissed
in a sort of catch-as-catch-can fashion; so did
Catherine n. of Russia. In Spain the art
was brought to a very high point of refine
ment, as indeed might be expected from the
chivalric character of Spain's sons and the
beauty of her daughters. The Spanish kiss
is described as passionate and prolonged.
These conditions, too, were to be expected,
for we have it on high poetic authority—one
of the "boss" busscrs of his age—that:
The Spanish girl is no coquette,
Nor joys to see a lover tremble;
And if she love or if she hate,
Alike she knows not to dissemble.
It was in France, however, that tho kiss
bloomed into the full flower of perfection.
Mcsdames Pompadour and Maintenon have
given names to the forms of the salute; both
have been described as courtly, but not frigid.
Ninon de l'Enclbs, who preserved her charms
up to her death at 90, would be embalmed in
the amber of history on the same account, if
upon no other. The kiss ala de l'Enclos was
distinguished, like her herself, for its vitality
and a decided disposition fo "stick."
The poets of the Restoratiou in Euglahd—
sad dogs most of them—were never tired of
descanting on the kiss, with variations not
fit for the ears polite of our day. After them
came Fielding, Smollett and certain other
like worthies. Everybody knows what the
authors of "Tom Jones" and Roderick Ran
dom" were, aud 60 there's au end on't.
Richardson, the virtuous author of Clarissa
Harlowe," was, of course, too good a man to
speak of such a naughty subject save in a
cold, Minerva-like way.
It should have been said that the Puritans
of the Cromwellian period were somewhat
addicted to kissing, but after a most discreet
fashion. In facta quaint author of the peri
od, who probably had "been there," com
pared the chaste salute of a Puritan maiden
to the thrust of a woodpecker's bill.
Passing the Georgian and Victorian eras,
during which Byron sang "The Fprst Kiss of
Love," and Tom Moore struck h|s harp and
warbled like a nightingale of "bowers,"
"smiles," "wine," "kisses," and cognate
subjects, one comes to a new phase of the
momentous kissing question, and at this
point it becomes necessary to dwell a little
on the character dudus Americanus, or great
American dude —the latest product of our
"society" and civilization. As a sort of zoo
logical title has been bestowed on the dude
it is proper to remove any false impression
that he is not an ass—that is, not in form or
feature. In fact, he has none of the quali
ties of that noble animal—none of his grit,
obstinacy or staying powers. The dude
hasn't even the redeeming quality of bad
temper, like that other noble animal "with
out pride of ancestry or hope of posterity"—
the mule. A dude may be described in the
main as the combined product of a tailor, a
shoemaker and a hatter. At his birth silli
ness marked him for her own. Insipidity
took him in tow at an early age and will hold
him fast astern through life. The dude—if,
indeed, that nature had any particular de
sign in giving such a being animate exist
ence—is probably designed to furnish a cas
ual paragraph for the newspapers aud to sup
ply an occasion for mirth to all persons who
have not taken leave of their senses.
One would have thought that the absurdi
ties of this abnormal creature, In dress aud
deportment, had reached a climax long ago;
but no. The latest "wrinkle" among the
dudesque fraternity is that they have taken
to kissing—not some other fellow's sister or
wife; oh, no that would involve some risk,
but to kissing one another. Careful investi
gation proves this to be a fact. When two
of our metropolitan dudes meet now, whet
her in public or private, they forthwith em
brace and then the osculatory operation is
performed. It is the proper thing, you
know by jove!
"Yes," said a well-known society man,
who is not a fool, however. "It appears to
be a fact that the dudesque brotherhood have
fallen in love with one another. Most of
them now embrace and kiss whenever they
meet, like simpering school-girls. It is the
latest craze." .
"Well," said the star man, who had the
pleasure of meeting the society man, "what
think you will be their next manifestation of
"Heaven knows, I'm sure I don't," re
plied the man of the world. "In point of
capacity for doing outre and absurd things,
the genius of your dude is simply inexhaust
ible. Ask me something easy."
"I saw the most disgusting sight my eyes
ever lit upon the other day, as I was driving
up Lexington avenue, near Forty-second
street," said an old citizens to the reporter.
"Nothing less than two young fellows,
with long frock coats, tall hats, tight trou
sers and tiny canes—in a word, a brace of
dudes kissing openly in the street. It occur
red directly opposite the Vanderbilt house, at
Lexington avenue and Forty-second street."
"Upon my soul," he continued, with un
necessary emphasis"this is a fact-
Heavens ! What are we coming to anyhow?"
And so it is. That famous "paroxysmal
kiss," of which all the world heard only a
few years ago, has, perhaps, gone out of
fashion but the kiss dude will no doubt, be
found a fit substitute. The proeress of this
latest aberration of dudedom will be follow
ed with interest. Certainly in respect to os
culation, the dudes can point to a noted pro
.totype and exemplar in tbe person of Absal
om who (11. Samuel, xi, 5) "kissed any
man that came nigh to him." Of course it
would be too, too painful if a few of our
dudes should meet with a like fate eyen as
they follow his practice.
A health resort: The doctor.
The age of journalism: Mucilage.
A sweet thing in bonnets: A honey bee.
The man with a lottery ticket looks out for
the number one.
Floods come high, but it seems the unhap
py Ohio people must have them.
No, the Indian does not wear a feather
head-dress in order to keep his wigwam.
Japanese soldiers carry fans. These wea
pons are propably used only in the hottest of
The face of the sun is covered with blotches
again. The sun should take something for
Quite a number of Florida citizens are
spending the winter in the north to escape
the severe weather.
"Man wants but little ear below," said the
school-boy who got a sounding box on the
side of his head.
Money often leads men astray. Some of
hem will run after a dollar, but a hound dog
is more avaricious. He will follow a scent.
An article containing a dozen hints on
how to take care of a horse is going the
rounds of the press, but there is not one hint
as how to get the horse.
A bill has been presented to the legislature
to regulate the manufacturing of cider. Is
this not unwarranted interference with the
freedom of the press?
"No," said the man who looked on with
unconcern at a tight at the Philadelphia board
of aldermen, "that seems nothing to me;
I've run an opera company."
James, who was trying to sew a new but
ton ou his coat murmured: "They say there's
a new yacht that makes fifteen knots an hour,
but this thread makes twenty knots a minute.
"Shot dead by a doctor!" Such is the
startling caption of an article in an ex
change. He must be a very unskillful phy
sician who has to resort to powder and ball
to get rid of a patient.
In all ages and all countries the scales
have been the emblem of justice. From
this it is painfully evident that all fellows
whose business it ts to get up emblems have
never traded much at grocery and provision
A Minnesota exchange says: Farmers in
the western part of a neighboring county
have organized clubs for the purpose of im
proving their horses. This is a good case
for the cruelty to auimal associations to ex
ercise their humane proclivities,
The papers are telling of a lawyer who
heard "Macbeth" rehearsed and was struck
by the answer of the witches when asked
what they were doing: "A deed without a
name." "Why, that's void," exclaimed the
lawyer, "I'll burst a deed without a name in
any court in Christendom."
The old tramp who was a "Michigan fire
sufferer" last Bummer will go on the road
this spring as an "Ohio flood-sufferer." He
thought once he would have to appear as a
"Java earthquake-sufferer," but the floods
have fortunately rendered this rather far
fetched excuse unnccesaary.
"Boy," he asked, as he stood at the foot of
Woodward avenue and looked across to the
Canadian shore, "what is the depth of water
off the dock here?" The boy looked him all
over with a careful eye and then slowly an
swered: "That's the way it's alius been! If
a fellow wants to commit suicide its alius
some one so big that his clothes won't begin
to fit me 1 I won't tell you nothing about
Anecdote of Cardinal Manning,
Among the anecdotes of Cardinal Man
ning, the following is one of the best. Dr.
Mayhew was one of the most puzzling ex
aminers at Oxford. He always asked the
most capricious questions. Once he found
his match in in a beardless youth, who
solved with classic calmness the most diffi
cult questions the professor's brain could
invent. When Mayhew saw that he had to
deal with a formidable opponent, he changed
his tactics, commenced iv Latin, and asked:
"Quid est Spes?" [What is hope?] "Magna
res," [a great thing] was the immediate an
swer. "Quid est Charitas?" [What Is chari
ty?"] was the next question. "Magna rari
tas," [a great rarity] replied the student.
"Quid est Fides?" [What is faith?] "Quod
non vides," [What is unseen] answered the
young theologian. Mayhew was forced to
laugh against his will. He gave the student
his hand, and—a thing that rarely happened
—asked him to dinner. Fifteen years later
Dr. Mayhew received an invitation to a din
ner. It came from the student above men
tioned, who then gave a banquet in honor of
his installation os Bishop of Westminster.
An Empress at Wiesdaden,
Pall Mall Gazette.
The Empress of Austria is at present stay
ing at a Wiesbaden hotel, under the name of
Countess Hohenembs, and spends her days
like an athlete in training. She seldom at
tends the concerts, theaters and other
amusements of the fashionable watering
place, but a day rarely passess when she
docs not ride to some of the surrounding
chateaus or villages, accompanied hy her
groom. Not content with these long rides,
the Empress devotes several hours daily to
fencing and gymnastic exercises, in which
she Is said to sho more skill aud endurance
than many a practicesed fencer or gymsastic
of the so-called stronger sex. She rises at
dawn and. with brief intervals, ddpends the
whole day either in riding or in athletics,
and long before the fashionable world thinks
of retirnig the Empsess is enjoying the re
freshing sleep which follows physical ex
A Long Rest.
"Oh, dear me," murmured a six foot in
valid, stretching back over a rocking chair
and scraping his toes against the ceiling
•'l'm almost worn out, and must take a long
"Let me move the furniture out of the
room, lovey," replied his wife, "before you
begin your rest."
"So as to have nothing interfering with
you" she said, "and then to save my house
hold goods from damage, too."
He looked at her fiercely as she proceed
"But if you'll go into the back yard dar
ling, you'll have more room, and if you
should become cramped out there I can per
suade the neighbors to take down a panel of
their fence, and then you could have a real
nice long rest."
For answer he jerked his hat on and fled
from the house.
Bad,'aa's Historical Serial,
Letter in Philadelphia Times,
Gen. Badeau, who has left the Havana
Consulate, is one of the geological vestiges
of the Grant administration. His grandfath
er kept a private school in New York, to
which Hamilton Fish went. Adam Badeau
was a newspaper writer, and he found his
way up to Grant's staff and Grant sympa
thized with him because the other aides-de
camp pecked at him. He became possessed
of a great central Idea—to write the only
vindication of Grant as a commander. Each
volume of that book stood to him in the stead
of one of the tales told by the Vizier's daugh
ter in the Arabian Nights; 6he did not finish
her stories till she had saved her own head
down to that time when she would have died
a natural death. Badeau wrote one volume
of the life of Grant after he had been in Lon
don as Consul. The next volume may have
been finished, hut nobody now knows or
cares. Whether the third volume has been
published the libraries alone can tell. The
book must be finished, however, because he
is out of the public service.
BISMARCK OFF HIS PEDESTAL.
A Few Sample Extracts from Roswell
Busch's Neve Book.
The PaU MaZ Gazette makes a column or
two of interesting extracts from the forth
coming English translation of Dr. Busch's
new volume, "Our Imperial Chancellor,"
Here are the meatiest of them:
"As in his politics, so in his religious
views," says, Dr. Busch, "he has, ac
hording to his own words, undergone a grad-
ualdevelopment. He has gone through his
period of rationalism, then he has lived
through a time of unbelief, or ay least a time
when religion was no necessity to him. Af
terward he expressed himself in so decided a
fashion as to lead to the belief that he occu
pied a Christian and even an Evangelical
standpoint. In later years he seems to have
retained just sufficient of this to be regarded
as a deeply religious man, firmly believing
in God, in divine order, and a personal im
mortality, who does his duty according to
this belief, and is accustomed to draw his
strength for the fulfillment of his duty from
it, but who cares littie for doctrinal formu
lae, is not intolerant, and has no great de
sire to be edified through the mouth of the
priest. The first period of rationalism coin
cided with the time when the young student
was sowing his wild oats, but even at the
worst of times there was always a longing
and striving after something higher and bet
ter, which after a time of melancholy and
depression was succeeded by a more healthy
state of mind." This was about the time
when Bismarck became acquainted with his
wife; Johanna yon Puttkamer, the daughter
of one of those pious families who at that
time were frequently found in the German
nobility. "He had the feeling of emptiness,"
said Dr. Busch quaintly, "but now he was
happy to have becomes a Christian, and with
this feeling was allied the satisfaction of
matrimonial bliss." Some time after his
marriage he wrote to his wife:
"I cannot understand how anybody who
reflects on his own self, aud yet knows noth
ing nor wants to know anything of God, can
bear to live on in contempt and dullness. I
do not know how I have borne it formerly;
if at present I should have to live as I did
then, without God, without you and the chil
dren, I should, indeed, not see why I should
not cast off this life as a soiled garment.
It is possible that a nature like that of
Bismarck's would not have been constant
to this belief had he not regarded Christiani
ty as the foundation of the state, and had not
the melancholy of former days accompanied
him in his after life, mostly sleeping still
within his soul, but now and then coining to
the surface with full power and bitterness.
IS HE SUPERSTITIOUS?
Superstition it is said, Is closely allied to
strong religious belief, and it appears that
the great chancellor forms no exception
from this rule. He Is awed by apparitions
in uninhabited castles, shrinks from dining
where thirteen sits down at table, believes in
unlucky days, and adheres to the ancient
belief of the moon on every living thing.
This, at least, is said among the people, and
Dr. Buseu occupies himself for awhile in
giving examples by which to prove this
weakness. The conclusion of the chapter,
however, contains his real opinion on the
matter. "He is the clearest thinker in poli
tics, deep and far-seeing beyond all his con
temporaries, always grasping what is right,
without prejudice, elevated above customary
things. He is a spiritualist, a believer in
ominous days, an arithmetician, with mys
tical ilgurer? Really? No, it is all nonsense
with the exception of a single story which
happened at Schonhausen (where the chan
cellor heard mysterious footsteps in the auti
chamberof his bedroom). "The jests about
my superstitions," he said a few months ago
'are nothing but jests, or consideration of
the feelings of others. I will eat at table
with twelve others as often as you like, and
will undertake the most important and se
rious business on Friday."
HIS HOME LIFE.
It Is a pleasant change to turn from the
turbulent public life of the chancellor, and
see him in his home, surrounded by friends
to whom he is united by ties of sympathy and
love. There, before all, is the common
companion of his life—the woman who has
stood by his side for more than thirty years,
and who has ever proved a loving wife.
"The princess has been brought up religious
ly: but hers is a bright, lively nature, gifted
with a goodly portion of natural wit, with
fine taste and feelings. Very musical, and
a splendid player on the piano, she is at the
same time a careful, sensible housewife, and,
after the manner of the noble ladies of
former days, she is said to have some knowl
edge of medicine. With genuine womanli
ness she created for her husband a home full
of comfort and genial warmth, and intelli
gently shared for years his griefs aud hopes,
sometimes even, as is evident from some
passages in Bismarck's letters to her reprinted
by Hezeklel), to a certain measure in politi
cal questions, although as a rule, she does not
belong to the class of women who take part
in politics Her correspondence with him,
when official duties or pleasure trips separat
ed them geographically, was very lively and
affectionate. He calls her "my heart," "my
dearest heart," in his letters; he sent her
jessamine from Peterhof, blooming heather
from Bordeaux, and promises to send her eid
elweiss from Gastein, where, on the sixteenth
anniversary of their wedding day, he remem
bers that this day, "has brought sunshine in
to his bachelor's life."
The chancellor is stronger In modern than
in the two classical languages. "When I was
a 'primaner,, "he said once at Eerrleres, "I
knew very well how to write and read Latin,
but at present it would bedifficult,and Greek
I have altogether forgotten." History and
Geography have always been his favorite
studies, and in literature is well acquainted
with the authors of the past as well as the
present times. Goethe and Shakspcare are
his favorites, and he is greatly interested in
modern French and English novelists. Al
though no connoisseur in painting and sculp
ture," he likes the society of artists, and from
his youthful days at Berlin he has retained a
a great admiration for music, especially by
the classical composers. Among the great
masters Beethoven pleases him best. In a
letter to his wffe, written during the sum
mer of 1851, he says thatheis well and happy,
but is a little homesick for "the woods, the
sea, the wilderness, you and the children,all
mingled with sunset and Beethoven."
If Bismarck has ever had any taste for
gambling, it has long since lost him, and at
present he never touches a card. As a
youngster he rather like whist, and once re
mained at the whist table for seven full hours
playing twenty rubbers. "But," he said
once, when talking about this, "I was only
interested when the stakes were high, and
that does not do for a paterfamilias."
It is true that in the summer of of 1855 he
"took part in a game of quinze, but solely for
political purposes, with political thoughts at
the back of his mind. "It was at the time,"
he told us at Versailles "when I concluded
the treaty of Gastein with Blome. * * *
Although as a rule I have long since left
off playing, I played so recklessly that all
the others were astonished. But I knew what
I wanted. Blome had heard that at quinze
you had the best opportunity of getting to
know people, and he was trying it then. I
thought you shall know him well. I lost a
few hundred thalers. * * * But I con
fused him; he thought me foolhardy and
gave in." In addition to card-playing he
has also discontinued smoking, partly on ac
count of his health. He has of late suffered
much from neuralgia, and "if he suffers
from nervousness it is no wonder; for more
than twenty years the most important part
of the history of Germany, and not a little of
the history of the neighboring countries with
its puzzles and problems, confusion and dan
ger, have passed through his head, and he
has taken it to heart as well." Irritation af
fects his health more than anything else,
and that he should have his full share of It is
the constant care of the parliamentary par
ties and of some court circles. Prince Bis
marck is rather 6hort sighted, but reads and
writes without glasses, and has a very fine
ear. Like all nervous people, he likes warm
clothes and rooms, and as soon as the weath
er becomes cool all the rooms in the house,
even the spare rooms and passages, have a
fire. The temperament of the chancellor is
rather choleric, but the volcano dies out as
quickly as it is kindled, and his good nature
soon gets the upper hand. Says Dr. Busch:
"He has been called a hitter character, ades
piser and hater of mankind, a scoffer and
calumniator. Preposterous! He hates and
despises only that which in man is not hu
man." Prince Bismarck's annual revenues
amount to over £25,000; he lives quietly,
but is hospitable, and wishes all his visitors
to feel at home as long as they are under his
roof. When living on his estates he occu
pies himself with forestry, and his favorite
walk is in the oak woods when his favorite
flower, the heather, is in bloom."
A Kansas Romance.
Mrs. Ed. Thorn nee Miss Anderson, was
married a short time since at West
Union, to Wesly Davis, of Kansas. There
is, says the record, quite a romance connect
ed with the affair. It seems that about ten
years ago Mrs. Thorn became engaged to
Davis and was to have been married, but as
the saying goes "there's many, a slip 'twixt
the cup and the lip." and Davis didn't get
her then. Iv about a year after her engage
ment with Davis she married Thorn, who
died eight years afterward Davis, heart
broken, left for the West, where he has ac
cumalated considerable wealth. Upon
learning of the death of Thorn he immediate
ly came back and again tendered his love,
which was accepted. Davis, thinking to be
sure this time, married the lady in about two
weeks after his arrival.
Leopold's Early Sweetheart.
It was certainly a singular coincidence
that on the day of the Duke of Albany's death
the approaching marriage of Miss Daring was
announced. About four years aso the duke
proposed to Lady Ashburton's daughter, with
the full approbation of the queen, but was
rejected, to his very great dissapointment.
He was not, however, the only one of the
queen's sons whose early woolngs were un
fortunate, as the Duke of Connaught was
twice refused by Princess Marie of Hanover
before he went to Berlin in search of a bride.
What Munkacjty is Doing.
Pall Mall Budget.
The great Hungarian painter Munkacsy,
whom the Emperor of Austria has just made
Baron yon Munkacsy, sends nothing to the
Salon this year from his gorgeous studio,
which is the most fashionable and ertrapsehutt
in Paris. lie is putting the finishing touches
ou a huge picture, '"Christ between Two
Thieves,*' in which he has painted no less
than fifty figures aroun the principal group.
REDUCTION IN THE FRIGE OF GAS-
Notice is hereby given that from and after the
Ist day of June next the price of gas will be re
duced to three dollars per 1,000 feet, with a
further reduction of lifty cents per 1,000 feet on
all monthly bills amounting to oue hundred dol
lars or under, aud seventy-live cents per 1,000
feet on all monthly bills exceeding one hundred
dollars. The reduction conditioned upon the
payment of bills on or before the 10th of the
Hy order of the board of directors.
April 20, 1884. 11. 11. Sibley, President.
STATE OF MINNESOTA, COUNTY OF RAMSEY
—ss. In Probate Court, special term, April 24,
Iv the matter of the estate of Harris Smith, de
On reading and filing the petition of William Hen
dricks, of said county, represent lug. among other
things, that Harris Smith, lute of Blew Haven county,
Connecticut, between the year 18G3 and the tlllug of
said petition, died intestate, aud being an Inhabitant
Ud resident of said New Haven County, Connecticut,
ut the time of his death, leaving good*, chattels and
estate within tlds county, and that the said petitioner
Is Interested in the estate of said deceased, and pray
ing that administration of said estute he to him
It Is Ordered, that said petition be heard before the
Judge of this court, on Wednesday, the 21st duy of
May, A. I). 1881, at teu o'clock a. m., ut tho Probate
Office In said county.
Ordered further, t hat notice thereof be given to the
heirs of said deceased, and to all persons Interested
by publishing a copy of this order for three success
ive weeks prior to said day of hearing, in the Daily
OLOBS, a newspaper printed aud published at Salut
Paul In said couuty.
Uy the Court.
[l. s.j WM. 11. McGRORTT,
Judge of Probate.
Attest: Frank Robert, Jr., Clerk.
Willis & Willakd, Attorneys for Petitioner.
Notice to Creditors.
State of Minnesota, County of Ramsey, ss. In Pro
bate Court, speclul term, April 24, 1884.
In the matter of the estate of Herbert L. Hinckley,
Notice is hereby given that the Judge of Probate of
the county of Ramsey, will upon the first Monday, of
the months of June, July, August September, and
October, A. L>. 1884, at teu o'clock a. m., receive, hear,
examine and adjust, all Claims and demands of nil
persons against Bald deceased; and that six months
from and after the date hereof nave been allowed and
limited for creditors to present their claims against
tuld estate, at the expiration ofwhii h time all Claims
not presented or not proven to its satisfaction, shall
be forever barred, utiles* for good cause shown fur
ther time be allowed.
By the Court, "Wsi. B. MeGRORTY,
[L.s] Judge of Probate.
O'Brien- * Wilson, Attorneys for Adeline E.
Hinckley, Administratrix of said estate. apr2s-sw-lrl
STATE OF MINNESOTA, COUNTY OF RAMSEY
—ss. ' In Probate court, Special term, April 9
In the matter of the estate of Michael McMahon,
On reading and filing the petition of Maria
McMahon, of said county, representing, among other
things, that Michael McMahon late of Bald county,
on the 24th day of January, A. H. 1884, at Saint Paul
lv said county, died Intestate, and being an inhabit
ant of this county at the time of his death, leaving
goods, chattels and estate within this county, and
that the said petitioner Is the widow of said deceased,
and praying that administration of said estate be to
Patrick T. Kavanagh granted;
It is ordered, That said petition be heard before
the Judge of this court, on Friday, the 9th day
of May, A. H. 1884, at ten o'clock a. m., at the
Probate office. In said county.
Ordered further, That notice thereof be given to
the heirs of said deceased, and to all persons Interest
ed, by publishing a copy of this order for three suc
cessive weeks prior to said day of hearing. In the
Daily Globe, a newspaper printed and published ut
Saint Paul, in said county.
Hy the Court,
[L.s.l WM. B. MeGRORTY.
Judge of Probate.
Attest: Frank Robert. Jr., Clerk. aprll-4w-frl
STATE OF MINNESOTA, COUNTY OF RAMSEY
ss. In Probate court, Special term, April 8,
In the matter of tbe estate of Abraham Wcrrlck, de
On reading and filing the petition of James Wctrick
of said county, representing, among other things,
that on the 28th day of February, A. D. 1884, Maria
Inger Werrick, the administratrix of said estate,
departed this life without having fully administered
said estate, that said petitioner is one of the heirs of
said deceased, and praying that he be appointed ad
ministrator de bonis nonof said estate;
It is ordered. That said petition be heard before the
judge of this court, on Monday, the sth day of
May, A. D. ISB4. at ten o'clock a. m., at the Pro
bate office, lv said county.
It Is ordered further, That notice thereof be given to
the heirs of said deceased, and to all persons inter
ested, by publishing a copy of this order for three
successive weeks, once In each week. In the
Daily Gloise, a newspaper printed and published at
Saiut Paul, in said county.
By the Court,
[L. s.j WM. B. MeGRORTY,
Judge of Probate.
Attest: Frank Robert, Jr., Clerk.
Willis & Willakd, Attorney for Petitioner.
SALE OF STATE LAM
State of Minnesota Land Office, I
St. Paul, April 1, 1884. f
Notice Is hereby given that public auction sales of
State lands will be held by the Commissioner of the
State Land Office, as follows:
Counties. Places of Sale. Dates of Sale.
Steams St. Cloud Thursday, May 1,1894.
Douglas Alexandria Friday, " 2, 1384,
and Cass.. Brainerd Saturday, «' 8,1894,
Faribault...BlueEarthCity..Tuesday, " 6,1884.
Martin Fairmont Wednesday, '* 7, 1884.
Pipestone.. Pipestone City.. Thursday, " 8,1884.
Jackson Jackson Friday, " 9,1884.
Nobles Wortblngton Saturday, " 10,1884.
Cottoiiwood.Wlndom Monday, " 12,1884.
Watonwan..St. James Tuesday, " 13,1884.
Redwood.. .Redwood Falls..Tuesday, " 13,1884.
Renville Beaver Falls Wednesday, " 14, ISS4.
Murray Currie Thursday, " 15,188-1.
Lincoln Lake Benton Friday, " 10, 1884.
Lyon Marshall Saturday, " 17,1884.
Grant Elbow Lake Tuesday, *' 20, 1884.
Otter Tall..Fergus Fa 115.... Wednesday, " 21, 1884.
Norman. .. Ada Thursday, •' 22, 18*84.
Polk Crookston Friday, •' 23, ISB4.
Clay Moorhead Saturday, "24, 1884.
Pope Glenwood Monday, " 26, 1884.
Traverse...Brown's Valley..Tuesday, " 27,4884.
Stevens Morris Wednesday, " 28, 1884.
S wlft Benson Wednesday, " 28, 1884.
Kandiyohi. Willmar Thursday "29,1884
Yellow Medicine, Granite Falls, Tuesday June 3,1884
Lists of the lands to be offered In each county will
bcjforwarded to the county auditor at least ten days
prior to the date of sale.
TXUMS of sale.
Fifteen per cent, of the purchase money and Inter
est at the rate of 7 per ceut per annum on the bal
ance, from the day of sale to the Ist day of June,
1885, will be required on the day of sale. On timber
lands an amount equal to the value of the timber will
be required In addition to the 15 per cent. Interest
on the unpaid purchase money at the rate of 7 per
cent, per annum In advance becomes due on the Ist
day of June, or within six days thereafter In each
Upon a failure to pay Interest when due, the lands
revert to the State without further notice or process,
and will again be offered at public sale unless double
the amount of interest due is previously paid. No
lands can be sold at less than the appraisal, which
cannot be less than 15 per acre.
W. W. BRADEN,
ao4-6w-frl Commissioner of tUc State iund Office
STATE OF MIJTSESOTA. COUXTT OF EAMSEI
—ss. District conn.
In the matter of the assignment of Tho Eastcs
Fish Packing Company to O. M. Metcalf.
And now. npon reading and filing the petition o
said O. M. Metcalf, said assignee, aad apon due ad
vlsemcnt aad opon motion of James & Warren, attoi
neys of said assignee, it is ordered that the • ■ ■
of said Eastern Fish Packing Company and Frank M
Chase and Lemuel Dyer, who compo-e-l aafd flrm
■how cause If any they have before this court »:
special term thereof to be held at the Court house t
the city of St. Paul In said county, on the loth day c
May, 1334, at 10 o'clock a. ra.. or as soon thereafte
as counsel can be heard, why said assignee, O. M
Metcalf, should not be empowered and authorized 1>
this court to sell the stock, uncollected book ac
counts, fixtures and all unconverted assets of salt
estate at public auction to the highest bidder, eithe
In bulk or In such parcels aa may seem to salt
assignee most likely to realize the greatest amount
And, ordered that this order be served upon eacl
of the creditors of said estate, and upon said Franl
H. Chase and Lemuel Dyer, who composed sail firm
by depositing in the postoOee in Si. Paul a copy q
this order duly enveloped, postpaid and directed ti
each of said creditors and to said Frank H. Chas»
and Lemuel Dyer, at their reputed places of res!
dence, at least 8 days before said May tOth, ISM.
Ordered further, that this order be further servet
on the creditors of said estate, and upon said Fran]
H. Chase and Lemuel Dyer, former partners aa Thi
Eastern Fish Packing Company, by publishing th|
same three successive days, the last publication ti
be at least 8 days before said hearing. In the Daili
Globe, a newspaper printed and published In salt
Saint Paul, Minnesota.
Dated April 19, ISS4.
HASCAL K. BF.ILL, Judge.
James 4 Wakeex, Attorneys for Assignee.
ARTICLES OF INCORPORATION.
ARTICLES OP IKORPORATIOI
Be St Paul ani Minneapolis Seen
Manufacturing and Plating
The undersigned do hereby organize a corpora
tion pursuing to the provisions of title -, of chap
ter 34, of tho statutes of Minnesota, and adopt
the following articles of incorporation :
The name of this corporation shall be Tne St
Paul and MnCDUTOUS Buoxno MASuFACTTa
INC. AND I'I.ATINi; CbstTAVT.
The general nature of its business shall be tt
buy. construct <>r erect ami maintain such appll
•no I for the manufacturing of electric bells
alarms, bnrglar alarms, gold, siUe.r ami nioke
plating, and all other work pertainim; to the Siiit
business, that they may deem desirable, to pur
chase <t lease such real estate us may be I
isary or desirable, (or the carrying out tin
purpose of tho company, to contract with an;
party person or persons.
Time of the commencement of the said corpe.
tiou shall be April Ist, 1884, and the period of it
coutinuanco thirty year".
The amount of capital stock of said corporntio:
shall be twenty-five thousand dollars ($BO, i
divided Into -'50 shares of one -hundred dollar
(§100) each, aud shall be paid iv wheu subscribed
The highest amount of indebtedness to whicl
said corporation shall at any time be subject
shall be live thousand dollars ($0,000.)
The names of the persons forming tnch asso
elation for incorporation, are: A. S. Templu
chus. l). Jones, ii. K. Thompson, and the jploo
of residence of the said A. S. Temple is th
of .Minneapolis, and the residence Of th
t has. 1). Joues and U. E. Thompson iv the city ot
The government of the corporation nnd rhi
management of its affairs shall be vetted In ■
Board of Directors, consutfngof three persona.
The board may, from its own Dumber elect'
president, vice-president, secretary aad treasure!
who shall have such, authority and perform BUCI
duties as the by-laws may provide, in,.- peiMl
may hold any two of said offices.
The nanus of the first board of directors a
paid corporation are: A. B, Temple, (has. Ii
Jones, and 11. K. Thompson.
In witness whereof said parties have hereunto
Ht their hands, and seals this 80th day of .March
A.D. 1884, to duplicates,
A. B. TEMPLE, 's,a!.|
(HAS. l>. JOKES, [Seal.]
11. K. THOMPSON, ISeul.J
In presence of—
Q*o< VV. Wai.su,
J. E. KLLKKS.
STATE OF MINNESOTA, I
County of Ramsey, f
On this 2S)th day of March, 1884, before mo per
sonully came A. s. Temple, (has. D. Jones ani
11. B. Thompson, to me personally known to i»*
the persons described In, and who executed th«
foregoing instrument ami acknowledged that tuej
executed the same as their free* act :.ud deed
OSO. W. WALSH,
[Notarial seal.l 'Notary Public, Ramsey County
STATE OF MINNESOTA, j
Department of State, f
I hereby certify that the within instrument wai
filed for record in this office, on the 15th da] 01
April, A. I). lssl.Jat 40 o'clock a. m., and was .dull
recorded In Hook J of Incorporations, on pages 411
418 and U'J:
FRED YON BATJHBACH,
Beeretary of state.
STATK OF MINNESOTA, I
County of Ramsey. [
office or Register of Heeds.
This Is to certify that the within Instrument wai
filed for record In this office, at Saint Paul, on tin: 9t|
day of April, A. D. 1881, at I o'clock p. m.. and
that the same was duly recorded In Uook 11 of Incor
poratlous pages MS aud D4U.
LSealJ B. C. WILEV,
Bejtletez of Heeds.
Change of Street and Alley
Put Avenue. Aurora Avenue, St. Peter
Street, Uniyersity Avenue. Brewster
Avenue, Alley in BlocKs 2.10 and
13. Ewins: and Chute's Addition, and
CTrr Clerk's Office, )
St. Paul, Mi.n.v., April 8, 1884, }
Notice is hereby given that the Common Conn*
cil of the City of Saint Paul will at their regain
meeting to be held on Tuesday the bth day of
May, A, D. 1884, at 7:30 o'clock p, m., at tho
Council Chamber in the City Hall, order a cbango
of grade on the following named streets and al
ley, between the points named, viz:
From Martin Street to Sherburne
Prom Grant to Rice Streets.
SAINT PETER STREET
From University Avenue to a
Point 220 Feet South of Aurora
Prom Grant to Rice Streets.
From Sherburne Street to Uni
In Blocks Numbered 2, 10 and 13
E wing and Chute's Addition.
From Andrew Street to Arthur
All in accordance with, aril as indicated by the
yellow line on the profiles thereof, and as reported
upon as being necessary and proper by the Board
of Public Works under date of April 1, 1884. Ex
cept Concord street, the proposed grade of which
is indicated by the red line on the profile thereof,
and which was reported upon as being necessary
and proper by the Board of Public Works under
date of Murrh 3J, 1884. Both of said reports of
.April 1, 1884, and March 31, 1884, were adopted
by the Common Council at its meeting held April
The profiles indicating the proposed change!
are on tile and can be Been at this office.
By order of Common Council.
Thos. A. Pkendkkuast, City Cleik.
Apr. 9,-Wed. & Sat. 4w.