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St. Paul daily globe. [volume] (Saint Paul, Minn.) 1884-1896, December 31, 1884, Image 19

Image and text provided by Minnesota Historical Society; Saint Paul, MN

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn90059522/1884-12-31/ed-1/seq-19/

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14
THE RAILROADS.
Which Radiate From This
Point With Si Paul as
Their Base of Oper
ations.
Ten Railroads Already Here and
Five More Coming in Dur
ing: 1885.
The Record of the Building Done
and the Improvements
Made in 1834.
The New Northern Pacific Gar Shops !
and Other Improvements
in St. Paul.
One Thousand Miles of New Track
Tributary to . the City Laid
This Year at a Cost of
$18,000,000-
Kore Than a Million Dollars for Local Rail
road Improvements Within the Cor
porate Limits of St. Paul.
4. Tear of Progress Solid and Sure Contin
uing the Development of St Paul as
the liailroaii Center of the
North
The Dumber of miles of track laid this
year in the northwest is nearly 1,000, which
shows that the railroads have proceeded on a
pretty careful basis during the year 1884.
The northwest In this respect is not much
different from other parts of the country.
The conservative policy of the roads will un
doubtedly have the effect of rendering them
more solid, and of putting them every way
upon a more substantial footing. This year
Beem.s to have been one of extreme caution
on the part of railroad managers, and it is
very fortunate for them that it was so. It is
very difficult to get at the exact facts in re
gard to the statistics of railroads. In fact it
is impossible to do so, for the reason that the
roads close their annual reports
on tbe 30th of June, and what
comes after that statement is largely made up
of guess work, or what is called by the little
more dignified title of "estimates." Now es
timates of the earnings of a road, or the
number of passengers it carries in a given
time, or other similar matters, are not very
(satisfying. To a considerable degree this is
all that can be given of the doings of the rail
roads for the last half of tbe calendar year.
The nature of tbe business too causes all rail
road men to be secretive and to wlthold from
the public information in regard to the busi
ness of the road except in special cases. In
a general way it may be stated that about
1,000 miles of track have been laid in the
northwest, and that the amount expended in
construction is about $10,000,000 or $18,
--000,000. The most important and interest
ing matters for the people of St. Paul to
dwell upon is that there are so many new
roads headed this way. The Wisconsin Cen
tral will be here in a few days, the Minne
sota & Northwestern will be in the city iv a
few months, the Chicago, Freeport & St.
Paul, and the Win on a. Alma & Northern are
also coming. Below will be found certain
facts gathered in regard to what has been
done in the northwest in the way of railroad
building during the present year.
The St. Paul & Northern Pacific.
This road, running from Brainerd to St.
Paul, commenced last fall certain improve
ments in St. Paul that will cost when com
pleted something over $1,003,000. It is very
well known that this road is an outgrowth of
the Northern Pacific. During the presidency '
of Mr. Villard, who saw at a glance the great
importance of St. Paul, several large tracts
of land were purchased for the use of the
Northern Pacific within the limits of St. Paul,
to be held for future improvements. A part
of this real estate so purchased was the? resi
dence of Hon. Edmund R; c >, in the northeast
part of St. Paul. Anotli large tract was
out near Lake Oomo. T tract contains a
little over 115 acres and i.- just one mile in
length from east to west. It extends south
from the center of the north half of the sec
tion to the line of the St. Paul «fc Manitoba
road, aud is near Hamline. Tue
intention is to improve this property by plac
ing thereon shops of a very extensive charac
ter. They will be placed on the north part
of the. property, upon a level part of it which
furnishes a very good location without the
necessity of expending very much mom v in
preparing it. Tiie elevation is such U. i
satisfactory uraluage can be secured without
much expense. The shops will be constructed
of brick, and in a style and manner that ex
perience has demonstrated to be the best.
The following is a list of the buildings to be
constructed.
Machine shop 80x 90"|
Wood working shop 30x170 I
Car c rectiug 80x1 72 }• one building.
Couch repair. box 'JO |
Cabinet shop 80x 90/ .■■:'.:
Point shop 150x194
Stockroom.... 30x CO
Blacksmith »hop 65x10(1
Office and store bouse 40x 80
Freight repair ehed 70x3'.'0
Coal dock 25x100
Boiler house sux 50
Shaving and dust tower 16x40
Coal room l(j x 50
Chirfuey, 130 reel hieh— fine 6 feet diameter.
Water tank, 49,000 gallons capacity.
Pomp house , 16x20
The dry kilns, machine shop, wood work-
Ing shop, car erecting shop, coach erecting
shop and cabinet shop will be under one
roof and are grouped together in the form of
cross. These buildings will be built of
, brick and the walls will be twenty-two feet
high. The paint shop will be constructed of
brick 150x194 with wall* twenty-six feet
high. It w.i contain eight tracks, seven of
■which" will rim through the building. The
blacksmith suup will be built 65x100 feet,
•with walls 22 feet high. The office and store
house will be of two stories. The size will
be 40x80 Teet. The lower story will be de
voted to the storage of supplies used in con
nection with the shops/ The grounds will be
supplied with a water service and. fire hy
drants for the protection of the buildings.
The drainage will be all that could be de
sired. The equipment of the shops will be
the best that can lie obtained, and comprise
the various improved types of tools that have
proved by use to be labor saving and econom
ical. All the buildings will be heated with
steam and lighted with electricity. Iv order
to connect the grounds * with tbe
track of the St. Paul it Man
itoba road, and to properly serve tbe
buildings to be constructed, and also to af
ford standing room for cars, it will bw nec
essary to construct nearly nine miles of
track. The buildings will cover about 103,
--000 square feet of ground, and the lloor
space, including that iv second
•tories will- aggregate 111,000 square
feet. The intention of this corporation was
last year to have had the foundation put in
and everything completed, so that the build
ings could be erected and completed early
this coming Reason. Tbe company, bow
ever, was delayed ■ good deal, about obtain
ing the right of way iv several; stances, go
that the., contracts were not completed for
the grading until late i» the fall. The grad
ing was commenced in November last, and i
carried, on rapidly till the workmen were j
compelled to stop on account of the frost in
the ground. About $4,000 was expended on
the Foundation lust year.. Work will be re
sumed u« early in the sprint: as the weather
will permit, and it. is expected tHe shops will
;be completed, by the first of "October next.
The order for lite machinery for the ~ shop*
was placed some time ago with Manny, Max
well <fc Moore, of New York. The contract
for tbe brick for the shops, 3,000.000 In all, i
has also been awarded. Tbe Seventh street
bridge,' 2Ss feet long, costing $40,000 for the !
superstructure, in now in:; erected, and ,
will be ready in a few days.
1 —
.Mlnn*<ot:4 and Northwestern.
Tills road is to run from St Paul south to :
Mona, lowa, where it will connect ■
with the * " Illinois Central Although :
it is being built by an Inde- j
pendent company, the belief is general that
it will be ope ratea substantially by the latter
road. Over one hundred miles of grading :
has been done between Mona, lowa, aud the •
river opposite tbis city in West St. Paul. Con
siderable work has been done in West St. Paul, j
In order to secure water, an attempt has been |
made to fink an artesian well, and tbe piling j
for the bridge has been put In. The road has j
secured from the city of St. Paul an ordinance !
giving the road all tbe required authority for !
entering West St. Paul and for constructing !
a railroad bridge across the Mississippi river ■
at this point. This structure will cost
$250,000, and will be ready to j
operate by June Ist All the sub
: structure has been contracted far to be done
the first of April, Geo. W. Sherwood & Co.
being the contractors. A goon deal of the
iron for the bridge Is on the ground, and the
rest is coming all the time on tne cars. The I
bridge will be constructed under toe direc
tion and superintendence of C. Shaler Smith,
of St. Louis, one of the most accomplished
bridge builders in the United Stales. All the
land required for depot, yard room, shops,
etc., has been secured or contracted for.
Grounds for stations have been secured all
along the line for all immediate wants. All
the rolling stock has been contracted for, and
will be delivered on the ground on lag Ist of
June. The road will be laid with steel rails,
all of which have *>een secured and are now
piled up at Cascade, Minn. All tbe tics have
been contracted for, and are to be de
livered before the Ist of January. Telegraph
polls have also been contracted for, and the
same may be said of the fencing. It Is the in
tention of those who are constructing this
road to run a local train across the bridge
from one bide of the river to the other lor the
accommodation of the people on both sides.
This will be equivalent to a street car line,
and the trains will be run every fifteen min
utes. The total amount expended by the com
pany this year is $1,500,000. Of this amount
* 150,000 was expended in St. Paul.
The Wisconsin, Minnesota & Pacific.
The company has completed tbe extension
from Watervillc,in Le Sueur county, to Eagle
Lake in* Blue Earth county, a distance of
eighteen miles. This division of this line
was formerly known as the Minnesota Cen
tral or Cannon Valley. The line is now
open from Red Wing to Eagle Lake.
It is the intention of tbe manage
ment, the ensuing year, to continue
the extension of the line in a northwesterly
direction until it shall form a junction with
tbe Pacific division of the Minneapolis A: St.
Louis, at some point at present undeter
mined. A still more import nut extension of
\ the mm line is that portion which was con
structed during the year from Morton, on
the Minnesota river, in Renville county, to
the state line in Lac qul Parle county, a dis
tance lying within the state limits of eighty
three and ou<--iia!f miles; thence it has been
continued and opened to Watertown, in D.<
kota, making a total distance from Minneap
olis to the 6tate line of IS3>£ miles, and to
Watertown 223J3. That portion of the line
between Minneapolis and Morton was form
erly known as the Pacific division of Minne
apolis A: St. Louis. Now, with the Minne
sota C'eutrai, consolidated under
one management and title. it is
called the (Wisconsin, Minnesota
and Pacific. This road penetrates a rich ag
ricultural portion of Minnesota, and through
it the counties of Ri-nville, Yellow Medicine
and Lac gui Parle are brought into connec
tion with St. Paul, the great money center of
the state. The following are the officers of
the company as re-organitcd: President,
Charles F. Hatch; vice president, J. C.
Pierce: secretary, L. Z. Rogers; treasurer,
M. Aucrbach.
The Wisconsin Central.
The extension of this road to St. Paul is
pretty nearly completed, and in a few days
its trains will be running into this city. The
event threatens to complicate the North
western situation by opening another line
between St. Paul and Milwaukee. The Wis
consin Central uses thirty-two miles of the
track of the Chicago, Milwau
kee & St. Paul, between Milwaukee
and Schleisingerville, and the latter
company has given notice that this track
cannot be used for through St. Paul and Mil
waukee business. This may delay the full
opeuing of the new route for a short time.
The Wisconsin Central now talks of overcom
ing this difficulty by building its own line
into Milwaukee, and afterwards constructing
an extension from Milwaukee to Chicago.
The western terminus of this road has here
tofore been Cbippewa Falls, Wis. This ex
tension wag not constructed by the Wiscon
sin Central, but by the Minnesota, St. Crolx
& Wisconsin, a new company incorporated
expressly for this purpose. The line is <^v<-n- !
tv-eight miles in length, twenty of which are j
la Minnesota. It parallels the St. Paul &
Omaha, and crosses the St. Croix four miles
above SUUwaler, and conn-els with the St.
Paul it Duluth some distance above Lak<»
Ptialcn. . Entrance to St. Paul will be made
from this • point over the tracks of the
St. Paul «fc Duluth road. The
company has expended about $350,000 in
purchasing crouuds on lower Third street for
its depot, aud in filling up the lots. For
freight purposes it has erected a freight
depot costing $5,000 ou these grounds on
the uorth *ldt of Third street below Broad
way. Along the line of the road depots, side
tracks, water tanks, etc., etc., have been
constructed.
The Northwestern.
This road has done but little this year,
having built but twenty-six miles during the
year in lowa. Considerable surveying, how
ever, has been done, especially in 'Nebraska.
It is reported that next year the Wyoming &
Black Hills line are to be hurried forward.
Tim St. Paul & Duluth.
This road has been gradually and carefully
bettering its condition during the year. Al
together it has laid, at different points along
tbe line, ten miles of steel rail between St.
Paul and Duluth. Retaining walls have
been constructed at several points on the St.
Louis river. Five miles of side track have
been built, and a number of small bridges
rebuilt. A new depot has been erected at
Post's siding, and the Grantsburg branch
from Rush City, Minnesota to Grantebarg,
Wisconsin, a distance of seventeen ' miles,
was opened on the 23d of January, ISS4.
The capital • stock is $9,ooo.ooo— preferred
$5,000,000, common $4,000,000. The
amount of business for the year is $1,317,500.
Number of employes, 1,000. Amount of i
land sold, 17,000 acres averaging
$4.00 per acre. New station ,at Post's
side track, $1,000. New turn table at
East Minneapolis, $1,000; frostproof water
tauk, St. Paul, Il,5o0; retaining stone wall,
$2,500; engine house, Rush City, *.100; tele
graph office, uvar Lake l'lialt-u, $100; new
baggage car, $2,500; four new coach, $10,
--300.; five new flat cars, $2,750; six miles of
new side track, $25,000; nine mil of new
steel rails to replace Iron rails, $25,030;
thirty thousand cross ties used on the road,
$6,000; five miles of new fence, $1,300; i
Dine miles of wire ■fence rebuilt, j
$1,200; thirty- five miles of telegraph, lines j
rebuilt, $500; track ballasted and now in |
flret class condition. $3,500; - there are 225 !
miles of road altogether including Grants
burg, Btillwater, MiliDeapatla and Knife \
Falis branches. About 1,000 men are em- i
ployed ou the main line ami branches. Tbe j
I tonnage for ISS4 was 886,879. The number' !
iof passmgers carried is 295,470. This road •
is one of the mostcarelully managed roads in
the United States. •
The Minnesota Transfer.
This organization, located on the west of
SL Paul, has expended about $40,000 in new
buildings and lour miles ot new truck. i
THE ST. PAUL DAILY GLOBE, WEDXESDAY MORXING DECEMBER 31. 1884,
The r*rr«> Southern. i
The Farsro Southern mas from Fargo to
Ortonville, on the line of the Milwaukee A I
St. Paul, a distance of ninety-three miles I
The track laying cost about 1500,000, and
120 miles of telegraph wire 000. In ad
dition section bouses,* • depots, etc., were
erected, amounting to 863,000. There U talk
of extending this road during the coming
season to Flandrau, tho* giving a direct line
to Sioux City from Winnipeg.
The Burlington. Cedar Rapid* * Northern
This line while working its way up to St.
Paul, has built from the main line to Clinton,
lowa, a distance of 274 miles, toward this c*itv.
The line thus far Is full? equipped with all
that Cli required for a complete road. Tue
cost of this railway improvement was ,I.
704,000 with *35,000 in addition for build
ings and other Improvements.
The Lniun Depot.
On the night of the lltb and the morning
of UM 12tb of June last, the Union depot,
located on Slbley stapi. t, St. Paul, was par
tially destroyed by lire. Immediately after
Ik Tip- a meeting of the Union Depot com
pany was tic Id, and it was determined at
rebuild at once. Plans were
therefore prepared and finally ac
cepted, and in accordance with
these plans the building has been recon
structed on a larger form and more showy
appearance, and is, in all r-sp^-cts, very
superior to the old building. lv exterior is
much more handsome and ornamental,
while the structure is larger all through.
Besides the increased size Mr. C. B. Branson,
the 6uperin ten dent of the depot com pa v, say
the rearrangement of the Interior has in
creased the capacity to handle business
seven, fold. The cost of ttie rebuilding of tbe
depot is $125,000. In addition the com piny
has erected a large baggage warehouse or
place for tun storage of baggage, about one
hundred feet from the depot. This building
is a two btnry brick, 300 feet in length by 40
in width, and cost $40,000. Next year it is
the intention to erect an iron and glass train
shed covering all the tracks and platform
cast of the depot for 500 feet. The cost of
this is estimated at $125,000. The first floor
is given up to the use of tb.- public. Through
the center of the building running east and
west is an arch about forty feet in width and
extending to the roof. Tbis arch is roofed
with lass i which furnishes the re
quired light. On the south of this
hall is the ladles' reception room
connected with an immense arch. Tbis
room ib 100x50 feet. On tbr north side of
the arch or opposite the ladle*' room is the
gentlemen's waiting room. The whole of
tbe south part of the second story will be
derated to waiting rooms. The.-c rooms will
be used by passengers who have to watt over
for a number of hours or all day. Mr. Drun
6on estimates that by thus removing this
class of travelers to the upper part of the
building be will have a gr.'at deal more room
in which to handle the active moving public
The up stairs part of the building on the
north side will be devoted to offices.
Chicago, St. Paul* Omaha.
Tbis read made a goal many very valuable
improvement* during the past year. Within
this time the business has increased 11.14
per cent., and the company has expended
for construction, improvement and better
ments $2,573,534.45. The second track be
tween St. Paul and Stillwater Junction was
completed, about seven miles having been
graded and laid with sixty-five pound steel
rails. The grade has been much Improved
and the tracks thoroughly ballasted. The
eastern and northern divisions have been
improved by the expenditure of $37,003. SO,
and the St. Paul & Sioux City and Nebraska
divisions $42,451.52 Inhibiting, and wide
cnlng and deepening ditches. Upon the
eastern division were laid 20.29 miles of new
sixty-five pound, and 1C.54 miles
of new sixty pound steel rails
in main track, replacing rail of lighter
weight. Improvements were also made on
the Northern division, on the St Paul <&
Sioux City division, and on the Nebraska
division. Of track laying there was 18.79
miles, which cost $139,020.11. About $5,000
wen? expended for the Introduction of elec
tric lights and other improvements at the St.
Paul shops. During this period $129,091.47
were expended on the docks at Washburn.
The company also expended $40,000 in re
'lucing the grade of the main line of the
Eastern division near Roberts, Wis. In re
gard to equipment, the road has increased it
by the purchase of sixteen locomotives, new
dining, passenger, baggage and express care,
besides 200 coal cars. The iron bridge across
Lake St. Croix, at Hudson, was completed
early in the year. Seventy-two pile and
trestle bridges, aggregating 1.241 lineal feet
were renewed. Six new pile bridges aggre
gating 151 lineal feet were built to provide
waterway. The capital stock of the company
is $29,519,592.32. The number of miles of
road rated is 1.291. The number of em
plo\es is 5, C00. The gross earnings of the
road for the year from January I to Decem
ber Ul inclusive, are $5,707,854.37.
. The Northern Pacific.
This transcontinental line, which has its
eastern terminus in St. P*ul, has a capital
stock of $53,807,065.40, operates . 2,490
miles of road between St. Paul and Portland,
employes about S,OOO men and during the
past year earned $12,055,175.90, and
constructed during the same period 135 miles
of new track. This road has done a good
deal during the last year in the general bet
terment of its system. Tbe track of the St.
Paul A Northern Pacific has been completed
between Sank Rapids and Minneapolis. Be
sides this the company has made great im
provements all along the whole length of tbe
road, which are so numerous that it is hardly
worth while to repeat individually. The sum
total of money disbursed for bridges, ballast
iutr, side tracks, fences, suoar nbeds, stork
yanls, station buildings, etc., etc., is about
$2,250,000. The total new mileage as stated
I above is 135, and the same was constructed
| In Wisconsin, Washington territory, Oregon
and 'In Dakota territory. That part built
| in Wisconsin completes the main line to
Ashland, that in Washington territory was
done on the Cascade branch, and in Oregon
connects the Portland division with the
transfer at Hunters. . What was done in Da
kota was the completion of the Jamestown A
Northern branch to Miunewaukon on Devils
Lake. During the year. Col. Lam born, the
laml. commissioner, disposed of 330,000
acres, for which was paid $1,700,000. This
company Is now engaged in constructing
what is known as the Cascade division, which
is to run from Ainsworth to Tacoma, This
will be an expensive piece of work to com
plete, and will require two miles of tunnel
liug. The highest elevation of the tunnel above
sea level will be t,taf feet. It is already
completed to Yhkima. ' There has been ex
pended by the Northern Pacific Terminal
company, of Oregon, for lands on
both sides of the Willamette river at Port
land, and Improvements thereon $2,226*,
--237.11. ; •".•••
The St. Paul * Manitoba.
This road during the year built seventy
; four miles of road ' from Portland and
May.-ille to Park river, in connection with
which were built four new depot* 24x60, one
24x1 OS, and one 24x120; five section bouses,
three frost proof tanks, with wind mills, one
turntable 5 leet In diameter, one
coal shed and derrick bouse 23x230, one
two-stall engine bouse, and one three
stall engine. All the tracks la
St. Paul, between Lafayette avenue and
Jackson street have been straightened, and a
new iron bridge built aero** tbe tracks at Rice
; street, 200 feet in length. The number of
| men employed by tbe road is 4,600. The
! money expended ■by tbe road Curing
j tbe year amounts to $2,300,000. Of this
j sum $1,200,000 were expended on the tracks,
: $1,000,000 for buildings, etc., and $100,000
: for general improvements on the line, which
j consists of 1.054.13 miles. Considerable
i money was expended on tbe St. Paul shorn
! for additions and improvements to buildings
| and machinery. The replacement of -Iron
• with steel rails has' been continued, and tbe
main lines from St. Paul to the international
boundary, on both sides of tbe Red river, are
now fully laid with steel. This work has been
commenced on the Breckenridge extension
in Dakota, and on the line went of Grand
: Fork*., and is to be continued as rapidly as
| t-jc condition of the property, demands cob-
I sistent with proper economy la the mainten
ance of the track.
Hie Duluth and Iron Rang**. ■
The Mountain division of the Daluth and
Iron Range Is" 68 miles In length and ex
tends from Two Harbors to Tower. It was
I completed and ore' taken over It on the last
I day of July, bnt the road was not formally
opened for business until August 17, when
the road commenced to carry freight regular
ly. From the 17th of August to the Ist of
September, 62.105 tuns of ore were shipped
OTer it, all of which to Lake Erie ports. This
road was mostly constructed this year, and
ail of it was ironed and graded during this
time. About 700.000 was pat Into the
work. In addition, $325,000 wes
expended in building docks at 'J<co
Harbors, station . booses and oQ&rr
buildings along the line between the two
points natntti. In addition to toe above
about £300,000 has been expended in equip
ping Utc road.
■\ -j-y^The Dakota Midland.
This road has been suspected of being
owned either in whole or in part by 'the St.
Paul & .Manitoba, but all these reports are de
nied upon good and satisfactory authority.
The road was formerly the Ellendaic East A
West. The eastern division running from
Campbell, Minn., to Ellcndale Las been sur
veyed and permanently located. Kigtit of
way has been secured for 105 exiles. The
purpose Is to have the whole of the eastern
division completed and in operation next year
and as soon as possible the western division
from F.llendale to the Missouri river will be
located and surveyed. .^v;.
' St. rani, Minneapolis anil Sault St« Ma
rie A Atlantic.
This is a p^*iti7d» new road and but a small
piece of it lias been contracted for. It is in
tended that it shall extend from
St. Paul and Minneapolis to Saa.t
Bte Marie. Work was commenced
at Turtle Lake on the northern division on
the Chicago, St. Paul & Omaha road, and a
piece of the road exten t<» Bruce, near
the Cbippewa river, w..- •mpleted, a dis
tance of forty- five miles. Next year (be com
pany will build from Bruce to the Wisconsin
river. Tiic construction during this year has
cost about $1,000,009, and $10,000 has been
paid out for building and various improve
ments along the line of the road.
The Dakota & Great Southern.
This road Is a new thing and has not really
completed much work, though it has laid out
a good deal for next season. .It has graded
100 miles, from Elliott south to Bristol, on
the Hastings & Dakota division of the Chicago,
Milwaukee & St. Paul road. Early in the
spring the company will iron and equip a
part of tui», after that it will go to work «■
on that part of the road from EJiott north to
Tower City,
Wlnona, Alma * Northern.
A great many contradictory reports hare
been circulated about this road, and it
progress towards St. Paul has apparently not
been as rapid as it should have been.
Whether this is the result of the management
of the road- to gain some advant
age by pretending to ■ do one thin;
when It really intends to do some
thing else is a question. At various times it
has been reported also that all work had been
stopped on it, and immediately after we bad
ttie report that the engineers were to be seen
in another part of the country surveying a
new route. What It all means no outsider
can tell. The grading is finished between
Winona and Alma, a distance of twenty-tire
miles, and a part of that between Stockholm
and the Chlppewa river is Also finished. The
company has expended about $250,000.
The Chicago, Freeport * St. Paul.
This road will run from Chicago to St.
Paul, by way of Freeport. Lone Rock, Sparta,
and Red Cedar junction to St. PauL This
corporation is chartered under the laws of
Illinois, Wisconsin and Minnesota. The enter
prise is said to be backed by a powerful syn
dicate of New York capitalists, who have a
declared Intention to build a through line
from Chicago to St PauL Contracts for con
struction have been completed, which con
template the commencement of this line
early next season. The distance by this pro
posed route from Chicago to St. Paul is about
fifty miles shorter than by any of the present
lines.
The Milwaukee & St. PaaL
This great corporation has done next to
nothing in regard to building this year. One
hundred and seventeen miles Is all that it
can be credited with. It ha* been quietly
and steadily making itself solid by directing
its energy to developing the resources of its
great plant. Its capital stock Is $140,000,
--000. Total mileage 5,000. To carry on this
immense corporation the labor of 20,000
men are required.
Minneapolis £ St." Lou U.
It was In 1553 that the Minnesota & West
ern railroad was organized. On March 3of
that year a charter was obtained by the pro
jectors, and active work in grading and track
laying was begun soon after. In May, 1870,
the road passed Into the hands of the present
Minneapolis A St. Louis Railway company.
At the last annual meeting the following
officers were elected:
President— R. R. Cable.
Vice President— W. H. Traesdale.
Secretary and Treasurer — Gaskell.
Superintendent— T. E. Clarke.
Superintendent of Telegraph —E. G.
Russell.
Auditor— F. W. Partridge.
General Passenger Airent — S. F. Boyd.
General Freight Agent — J. A. Han fey.
Geueral Solicitor— J. D. Springer.
Directors— R. R. Cable, H. U. Porter, F.
F. Wlthrow, A. Kirn ball, W. H. True*dal«\
W. D. Wa#bburn, J. D. Springer, 11. K.
BUhop, David Dow.
The Pacific division of the Minneapolis &
St. Louis road extends from Hopkins station
to Morton, a distance of ninety-two miles:
the Kalo coal branch runs from kalo junction
to Kalo, lowa, three miles; the Lake Park
branch runs from the main line to
Lake Mlnnc-louka, one and one
half miles; Cannon Valley railroad
from Watervllle I* Red Wing, a distance of
sixty-fix miles. This latter is owned by th*
Wisconsin, Minnesota & Pacific railway, and
operated by the Minneapolis & St. Louis
under a lease, as is the branch from Morton
to Watertown, D.T., a distance of 123 miles,
and the . branch from Waterville to Eagle
Lake, eighteen miles. The Waterville &
Eagle Lake branch, however, is not now In
operation. The Minneapolis & Angus divi
I sion is . on the main line and covers
a distance of 260 miles. All the branches
are tributary to St. Paul.
During the past year 123 miles of road
bare been built by the Wisconsin, Minnesota
j & Pacific, extending from Morton to Water
j town, and eighteen miles from Watertown to
Eagle Lake. They arc both operated as
%bove explained. The total number of miles
now operated is 545 •{.
Thr employes engaged In the entire sys
tem operated by the Minneapolis and St.
Louis, as per the pay roll, is $1,525 In
round numbers.
The amount of rolling stock, as shown by
the invoice taken June 30 last, is as follows:
Locomotives, 69; coaches, 17, baggage, mail
and express cars, 11; box earn, 1,365; stock
cars, 40; flat cars, 704: cabooses, 40.
Why Hood Warp*.
It Is Mid that the wood on the north side
of a tree will not warp as much as that from
the south side, and that if trees are sawed In
planes that run east and west, as the tree
stood, It win warp less than if cut in the op
posite direction: However this may be, the
convex side to the curve i« always towards
the heart. This warping, due to unequal
shrinkage, and to the more opeu texture of
! the external portion of the tree, is not found
; to occur in the middle plank or board of the
log, excepting as It may in slight degree re
duce in breadth. Tnis* quality of not warp-
Ing, which is in many eases absolutely indis
pensable for certain" uses, as, for example „
, in the sounding boards of pianos, Is secured
', in the case of spruce timber by first quarter-,
ing the logs, and then sawing them with the
angle . downward. It is teen sawed into
boards very nearly at right angles with the.
line of annual growth, and a small triangu
lar strip mast De taken off to make the board
■ square-edged. . ■■• :
FOR THE PEOPLE.
Nearly Two Million Dollars
Expended for Public Im
provements in 1884.
Four and One-Half Miles of
Streets Paved With
Cedar Blocks,
Thirteen Ifile3 of Street 3 Graded, ;
Thirty Miles of Sidewalks and
Four Miles of Sewers Laid.
Th« Mammoth Seventh Street Fill, Eighty
Feet High and Costing $140,000, j
Almost Heady for Use.
The Vi(!n»]» Water Sr*t*-iu. With a Capac- j
ity of 30.000.000 Gallon* Per
Diem. .Now In Operation.
A Hint's Ey Vim of the J'«Wie XTorU '
Which thf Ci'if ha* Accomplished
in Ttr*lr~ Month*.
SUPERVISED BY THE ENGINEER. I
Those who look upon % compilation of fig
ures which tell in dollars and cents it he pro
gress made in the city in twelve ninths in
building bridges, streets, sidewalks and
sewers.get scarcely a glimpse of the thousand
and one triumphs of engineering skill. To
•ay that City Engineer Somen and his able
corps of as>UUuU have during the year '. --4
planned work for which the city treasurer dis
bursed over $1,000,000 brings to mind very
forcibly the fact that the Improvements have
been extensive, to say th* least. But only
those who, in some measure, understand the
meaning of the projection of work of this
character to cost in the aggregate an amount
so enormous realize toe uutiring industry of
the engineering department in keeping pub
lic improvements u|> to the requirements
of a population which has long
been of metropolitan proportions. . An army
of men began work test soring as soon as the
frost bad left the ground, au kept at it until
December snow and ice forced them into
idleness. In tbU time streams have been
bridged, hills swept away and valleys obliter
ated to facilitate travel. Even the moat
casual observer has notiil that almost every
street in this {Treat city has been torn up
during ISS4 for grading, paving, sewerage
or something else, that our thoroughfares
might assume conditionscommeusurate wlih
the growth of Si Paul in half a hundred
other directions. That the work is marvel
ous in extent may be attested by any fre
quenter of the principal streets who had
occasion to pa** over them in a carriage two
or three ytar» ago. The great Seventh
street fill was the chief work of the
season, and from which the largest
number of persons will derive direct benefit.
Dayton bluff is thus placed in convenient
communication with the heart of the city,
and the pcupleof that vicinity, after the pain
ful memories of a heavy assessment to « me
extent fade Into the oblivion of the forgotten
past, will bless the city authorities for under
taking the construction of thU gigantic im
provement. Other improvements worthy of
brief mention are the paving of portions of
Third, Fourth, Fifth, Jackson, Broadway and
St. Piter street*; the grading of Dakota ave
nue and Winifred, Starkey and Rice streets;
the construction ot the Western avenue
sewer system ; the laying of stone sidewalks
on portions of the central streets, and the
planting of trees on Como from Rice to Coiuo
villas. We may summarize the ■ work thus:
Three bridges have been built, four and one
half miles of pa\ing,tw«ive mnes of curbing,
thirteen miles of grading, four and one-half
miles of sewers, and thirty miles of side
walks, all of these, with incidentals, costing
an aggregate of 51. 007. 556. 50. A more de
tailed statement of the work is given in the
following:
Bridges.
Work was done on but three bridges, but
the amount of money expended on these ap
proximated $140,000. A large force of men
has been engaged making the Wabashaw
street bridge a substantial structure, some
thing like $55,000 being required. The Rice
street bridge over the Manitoba railway rep
resents about $20,000 and the Northern Pa
cific bridge at the Seventh street viaduct
$35,000." The bridge work, then, may be
thus summarized: .'* \
Wa*>a*baw street $.« j.fMj
Rice street SO.OOO
Northern Pacific SS.UOJ
Total $140,000
Paving.
Four and one-half miles of cedar block
paving has been laid on six street*, viz:
Third from Sibley to Pleasant, Fourth from
Jackson to Seventh. Fifth from Broadway to
Pleasant, Jackson from Fourth to Seventh,
St. Peter from Third to Martin and Broadway
from Third to Grove, at a total cost of *r«L
--749. About 40,000 feet of granite curbing
was lsld on these streets. We give the lineal ;
feet of paving ou each of the streets named, I
together with the total cost of each.in tabular
form:
Street. Feet. Cost.
Third 5.710 $33,141
Fourth 3.826 35.164
fifth 5.637 27.521
Broadway '.... 3.350 80.814
Jackson 1.047 3.742
St. Peter 4.145 41,567
' Total* 1...535 $191,749
Opening, Extending and Grading Street.*.
The total appended to the following table
s sufficient evidence of the enormous
amount of work performed in the opening,
widening, extending, etc. , of our streets. The
great work under this head Is the Seventh
street viaduct, which, completed, makes
Dayton Bluff easy of access to the remainder
of the city and enhances the value of prop
erty in that vicinity. From Minnchaha
street to KttUon street, the termini of the
colossal fill, the distance is a mile. The
quantity of earth removed from Dayton Bluff
was about 250,000 cubic yards. The fill is
eighty feet high, 300 feet in width at the bot
tom and sixty-six at the top. The total cost
Of . this structure will approx
imate $140,000. Other improvements
on a large scale were those
on Dakota avenue, Winifred and Starkey
streets and Rice street. Work is in various
stages of progress on from sixteen to twenty
streets not included in the list, and this,
when completed, will cost very close to $200,
--000. The location of the improvement and |
Its cost U in each case given in the appended ,
list:
Street. Cost. '
Aurora. Rice to Western $3..'m i
Ada. Concord to Isabel Tffci |
Alley, block 30 :..." 219
Alley. block 1. ElfeU's addition 149
Alley, block 30, Rice & Irvine'* .... 317
Bedford. Minnehahato North Decatnr,
Bedford to Treble 8.003
Banal, Seventh t > Duke 4,035
Colboaroe Superior to Cascade aVJ)N
Cedar. Twelfth to KlaC b.n--,
Carroll, Mackubin to Dale 2,170
Como. Rice to Como villa;, tree
plantinz :..'.. ■ " 2,923 !
Cherry. Hoffman to Maria 1,6 J l .'
Dakota, end or bridge to GoSe 27.770 .
Douglas, Ramsey to G00drich.... .... 3.4 >5 !
'Edmund. Rice to Dal? • "• 4.970
Kirn. right of way Manitoba to Wiikin 1.5);
Exchange. Sherman to Wilkin fc.4£4
| Farrington.'Dayton to Como 5,147
r orett. Seventh to Case. '..... 7.973
j Fifth. Maria to Maple 2.5K
Fuller. Rice to Ranrax.;^™"?^*!?^ My '
I Fourth, commercial to Hoffn:-*- 2.150
' With. Jack-on to Sibley 2,330
j <ieor<c. Mohawk to Bertha 14,770
| Goodhoe. Duke to Cliff 10.390
i lied. on, Hoffman to Earl 12,695
] Iglehan. Mackabln to Dale " 5,007
I Joittte. Dayton to Faler 29,695
i Kent, l£lebait to CaxroJ 310
Lee. Seventh to Drake 2,700 j
Locust, Fourth to Seventh..;. t 1.775
Mt. Airy. Broadway to L'Ori«nt 4.56 C
Martin. Rice to Dale «.SS4
endota. Manitoba road to Seventh. . . 1.993 i
Mackobin. University to Cnarle« .... 513 i
Marvin. Como to Fuller 3.034 j
McßoaL Seventh to Dough* «37
Oak dale. State to tooth city limits..-. 14,445 j
Portland. Western to Dale t-'.S-O
riei'Hnt. Ram*ey to south city limits 14.234
Payne, Minnehaha to Magnolia.... ... . 8.771
Prairie. Douglas to Western 3,47" !
Rondo. Rice to Louis 2,400
Seventh street fill KO.OOS)
man, Pleasant to Exchange 4,000
Sherman, Fort east to bluff 3.345 '
Temperance, Tenth to Thirteenth.;.. Si 3 i
Third, Broadway to KitUon. 3.239 \
Wall tee. Maple to Earl 5,344
Walnut. Seventh to Irvine park -."-0
Total $461,491
=.
Sidewalks.
About thirty miles of sidewalks have been
constructed during the year IS-4. moat of
them of wood. Portions of Third, Fourth,
Wabnshaw and Seventh streets have been
laid with durable walks of Euclid and Be rea
stone. The total cost of all sidewalks, both
wood ami stoae, was ab ut ♦■•> J.«»'J > , The lo
cations of the principal walks of wood arc
appended, the litters N\ S, E. W, and B
standing for north, south, east, west, and
Loth sides, respectively:
Side.
Armstrong. Victoria to Milton S
Aurora, llice to Dale..."; ..B
Birch, Seventh to Earl S
Band:. Forbes to Seventh B
Bay, Seventh to Stewart W
Beaumont, Burr to Bradley N
Beaumont, beSoto to Bedford B
Bedford. North toMiimehaha E
Como, Hire to Vm m s
Collin*. Burr to Lafayette X
Carroll, lilce to Western B
Coiboarne, C*»caii«: to Seventh B
Cedar, Fifth to Sixth \V
Cedar. Twelfth to Grant E
Cedar, Twelfth to I'.t.iDT W
Carroll. Macknbla to Dale B I
Canada, IpnCl to Norrw \V
Charles, Rice to Western .' >
Canada, Teeth to Spruce \v
Colbunrne, St. (.lair to Seventh E
I'hirles, (.faultier to Dale N
Dayton, Kent la Dale B
Uayton, Kent to Mackubin «•
Decatur. Bedford to Preble .- S
Duke, Jefferson to Seventh E
eighth. Wabashaw to Cedar >
Ellea. Rice to Mackubin l; ;
Eva. Fa field to Plato B j
Eaton, Fairtleld to Plato ... £
Ex. '.a ige, bbermaa to Walnut N
Exchange, Eagle to Chestnut ...E
Elm 4 lot*, block 69 W
Fourth. Commercial to Iloffman B
tort. Third to Ninth W
Faaquler, lot 1, block 3 *;
Fourteenth, lot 25, block 1 N
Fifth, Kittton toNeill N
Hfth, Hoffman to Maplo B
Farrington, Mar«hall to Dayton. £
Farrington.lb'lehart 111 ft £
Goodhue, Cliff to Duke B
Grove, 70ftca*tof Mississippi N
Gartleld, Goodtich to Ramsey W
Grove, Olive to Johu 5,
GroTe, John to LocWl 5
Iroo.iiois. Victoria to View S
JoscUc, NeUon to Iglehart ...E
Joaelte, Nelson to Iglehart W
Juno, Victoria to Milton >
Jackson, 15 ft south <if Fourteenth E
Jackson, lot 5, block 1 £
Lafayette, Otdego to Manitoba road N
Lisbon, Douglas to Garlleld N
Lisbon DoUr'laj loGarSeid £
Mendota, Seventh to Fauquier \V
Manitot-a, Rice. 110 ft s
Manitoba, Park, 240 ft S
Milton, Iniquoi? to liaudolph E
Marion, Como to Fuller E
Minnesota. Eleventh, 155 feet E
Mackubln, St. Anthony to alley \V
\.ari.>n, Cocio to Fuller W
Nelson, Summit to Jo-euo >i
Ninth, Franklin west in feet S
Norrli, Temperance to Canada B
Ninth. Minnesota to Cedar S
Nin>.h, Fort to Exchange S
Ninth, Pine to Broadway S
Ninth. Oak to Fort S
Portland, Summit to Dale B
Pearl, Canada to Broadway ,-...S
Payne, Magnolia to Omaha road E
Payne. Omaha road to Mlnnehaha H
Pearl, Temperance to MUsUsippi ..N
Prairie, Douglas to Western >
Rondo, R:ce, 425 feet west L;
Idee. Carroll to Rondo \\
l.oberuon, FUlmore to Plato E
Uoscbel, Fourth south 130 feet \\
Ramcey, three lota, block 1 S
Ramsey, Western to Seventh N
Stry ker. Prospect to Oeorjje E
Smith, Exchange to Douglas B
>u-.t:i. Concord to Cambridge 5
Seventh, two lots, block Vi N
Summit, Third to Ram«ey S
Summit, Portland to Arundel.'... N
Sixth, Fort to Oak B
Spruce. Cooper to Waconta B
Summit. Nina to Western N
Third, Maria to Bate* |
Tenth, Waba?baw to St. Peter S
Temperance. Norris to Pearl E
Tc*carora. Ware aw to Bay N
Third, Bates to Maple N
University, Robert to Jackson N
View, Seventh to Randolph B
'.Vaconta. 90 feet south of Seventh., W
Western, Como to University E
Western, lot 1 . block 7 X
Wacouta, Fifth south 198 feet B
Waconta, lot 1, block M \\
Wacouta, Sixth to Seventh E
Wallace, Maple to Forest B
Sewers.
Although considerable work has been done
on the sewer* this year, the number of miles
built i* three less than in ,1833 . The most
extensive line is Dm Western avenue system,
running as follows: Uuodrich from Fort to
Western, Western from Uoudricu to Selby,
Farrington from Selby to Summit, Virginia
from Nelson to Summit, Selby from Farring
ton to Virginia, Laurel from a point half wav
between Mackubin and Arundel to Western
and from Virginia to Farriugton, Ashland
from Mackubin to Western, Holly from Mas
kubin to Western, Portland from Mackubin
to Western, Summit from Mackubin tuTur
rington. The complete list of sewers and
their cost are appended :
Location. Cost.
College, St. PeW to Rice $l,3;!tt
Douglas, Ramsey to Seventh 2,47u
Exchange, St. Peter to West Seventh.. 7 - _"»'
Fourth. St. Peter to Wabuhaw 435
Fifth, Broadway to Minnesota 4,719
Jefferson, Seventh to Clifton 12,(K)o
JacJUo*j« Fourteenth to Fifieentn.... l.i's^
liis«i«?ippi. Nash to lot 7, William*.. 1,423
Mls;i.«-ippl, Williams to Pennsylvania ' 1,575
->.ppi and Williams 4,t>-'^
Mt. Airy. .Mi»?l!.«n»pi to L'Orient. ... 741
Norris, Canada to Cooper l.ujo
Oak, Fifth to Sixth 1,751
Rondo to Western 9,795
Summit, St. Peter to WabashkV 7ay
St. C. air. Fort to Toronto 6. C0;
Seventn, Goodrich to Jefferson 18,549
Sixth. Broadway to Robert 4,322
St. Peter. Martin to Summit 2.90U
Temperance, Eighth to Ninth 550
Valley, Canada to Fairview 2,7'J j
Wacoula and Sixth. Fourth to Robert. 8,790
Walnut, Oak to P.ea^ant 690
West Seventh, Jefferson to View 19.803
Western, Seventh to Yon Minden. .. 437
Western avenue system 42,555
Total $159,5.0
Tbe Uncompleted sewers ire throe in* num
ber, located as follows: Franklin, from
Irvine to Eagle; Oak, from FittU to Sixth;
Tenth, from St. Peter to Wabasbaw. The
appended table gives the lineal feet of the
different materials used in sewer construc
tion :
Material. Feet.
gandrock. lined with brick 13,820
•i'otir-foot circular brick l.lao
Two-foot '• :i -" I.SiO
Kifeeeu-lacb vitrified pipe 540
Twelve-inch " '• 1,b4l
Nine-inch *• " 740
Fifteen-inch cement " 370
Twelire-lnch " " 2,3C0
Eight-inch »' " »85
Total 23,168
Sewers for next year, to cost over $200,000,
are already planned, the chief of these being
the Dile street sod Arundel street systems".
.*•»•' Recapitulation.
That the engineering department has had
it) Lands full tUe following figures give »m pie
evidence:
Contracts in operation 97
Cocir«4.ts let durinz the year -,0
lotal valae of all contracts $1,007,856.50
Total e«limate9 allowed 7i2,443.9iJ
Dee on unfinished contracts 158,791.00
streets stone <nr(aced, miles 5.0
Streets gravel snrfaced, miies 13.0
Streeu paveu with ce.ar blocks....- 4.5
Curb laid 12.0
Yaro» of earth *ork 400,000
M:.«-» of none gutters 5.0
>lile*of sldv.alK» 30.0
Aii.es of »>.oden sidewalks 27.0
Miles of »ton« aiic*alk« 3.0
Mile* of street grading 33.0
Miles of sewers 4.4
Lost of sewe.s .: 1159,5*0.50
Cost of side walk* 60.961. 00
Cost of bridges 140,000.00
Cos: of grading and paving 647,345.00
Cross walks built ! 233
Cros» walks ordered 93
Catch bu!» placed ISO
Manholes C 3
Preliminary order* for grading..... .7
Final orders for grading 86
Preliminary order* for sewers 34
Final order* for sewers 23
Preliminary orders for paving 9
Final orders for paving..... 10
Grad** established 33
Order? to report era lea ' SI
Miscellaneous orders 154
Preliminary orders fur changing
gride 31
Final orders for changing grade.... 29
Preliminary orders for widening and
extending meets 01
Final order* for widening and ex
tending street* 81
Sidewalks ordered on streets 90
OUR WAXEK >I'PPLT.
The year ISS4 marks an em In the history
of the water department. Nearly $1,000,000
has been disbursed, and the new Vadnais
system of supply is completed and in oper
ation. L. W. Ruudlett, engineer of the
board of water commissioners, says in nU
annual report that everything that was laid
oat for the season 's work has been accom
plished. At times over 500 men have been
at work in the department, and that they
finished all the labor laid out for them is a
favorable commentary upon the efficiency
of their management. That there were scores
of obstacles not dreamed of before the work
was begun, does not need to be enlarged
upon. Though not foreseen, they were met
and overcome, and St. Paul vow has a water
supply wbich for purity and volume is not
excelled in any city in the country.
The Vatlnais "system.
The total cost of the great Vadnais con
duit was $263,259.15, or $15.39 per foot. It
tt gins at a gate chamber built on piles 250
feet from the shore of Lake Yaduais, runs in
a southerly direction along the marshes of
Pbalen creek valley fora little more than,
two miles, cuts through the ridges to Trout
Brook valley, follows along the west shore of
Sandy Lake, and terminates a quarter of a
mile south of this lake, the total length be
ing 23,600 feet, or about four and one-halt
miles. The grade is one foot in 4,000. In
crossing marshy places it was necessary to
use piles varying in length from twenty to
sixty feet, 25,152 lineal feet of piles being
used, together with 20,000 feet of lumber.
Over 116,000 cubic yards of excavating was
done and " 15,000 feet of lumber was
built into culverts. The conduit is six feet
in height by live and 'one-half feet in width.
It is of brick and stone, and with the excep
tion of about 400 feet, is built below the
water level of the country. The excavation
varies in depth from ten to thirty-five feet,
and great difficulty was experienced in se
curing good foundations, there being a great
deal of quicksand and springy land along
the way. The springs in some places were
in fact so powerful that the engineer thought
best to utilize the water from them as a
partial supply to the city. To accomplish
this a filter bed was constructed behind the
conduit, and cast iron pip-s were built into
the brick work Just below the springing line
of the arch to lead the water into the con
duit. The present supply of these springs it
1,000,000 gallons a day, the complete capac
ity of the conduit reaching 30,000,000
gullons. Two waste weirs are used, the first
eottihe $1.'.'54.y0, and the second 18,398.39.
The total cost of the gate bouse, including
piling, was ( .)0.. r »0. The cost of the ter
minal chamber, with gates, was $5,057 05.
The bouses over the matt weirs and terminal
chamber, all built of brick, coat $4,295 The
pumping station cost 185,188.08 and the
watchman's and engineer's houses $7,400.
The distribution chamber at the terminal of
the conduit is 40x30 feet and provided with,
seven gates, by means of which the water
may bo turned into the distribution reservoir
or directly into the city mains. Tut- pump
inc engines for the high service system are
two In numbei, compound condensing, with
a guaranteed capacity of 95,000,000 foot
pounds, and their combined pumping ca
pacity is 4,500.000 gallons. During 1886 two
reservoirs will be built, one high service and
the other low. It is Intended" to build the
latter at the end of the conduit of a capacity
of 40,000,000 gallons to be made use of in
case of accident to the conduit or a, desire
to clean or repair it. The high service res
ervoir, to contain 10,000,000, is to make the
pressure on the mains uniform "and to re
duce the cost ot pumping.
- Extension.
The engineer recommends that the matter
of extending the system be given immedi
ate attention by the water board. It is urged
that In case of a long succession of dry
years, an emergency might arise through
which the present source of supply would
not avail. Plans have been matured for the
extension of the system to Forest lake,
and from measurements and observations
made during the past year, theengineer is con
vinced that the matter is of paramount import
ance. Water is to be sent to Dayton bluff
during ISSS, probably as soon as the Seventh
street crude Is completed. It 13 proposed to
use the Lake Pbalen water for that portion of
the city. Probabilities are also strong that
provision will, In some way, be made for the
supply of West St. Paul before the end of
another year.
Mains, Pipes ami Hydrants.
The total length of water pipe now in use
in St. Paul Is a fraction over forty-five miles.
Over six miles of water mains were laid la
ISS4. Tin: low service system is supplied with
over thirty-five miles, and St. Anthony hill with
over nine miles of pipe. Superintendent
Overtoil has caused to be. set seventy
nine fire hydrants, eleven sprinkling hydrants
and 150 valves during 18S4, and reports that
the total number of services now is 2,931,
Recommendations for pipe, hydrants, etc.,
•luring 18S5, including Dayton bluff, are as
follows:
Twenty miles of mains , $110,165.
Specials 5.460.00
.'-'5 fire hydrants..... 18,500.00
Gates and boxes 6,251.00
Lead 4,500.00
Excavation and laying 38,700.00
Rock Excavation 10,000.00
Dravage 2,625.00
Total $181,201.
Receipts and Disbursements.
Following ib a brief resume of the finance*
of tbc department during the year, beginning
Dec. 1, 1533, and ending Dec. 1, lb'-si, la
which it is shown that the receipts were
1 1.452.30 and the disbursements $309,
902.70:
RECEIPTS.
Balance Dec. 1,1833 $17.548 48
General water receipts 82,259 63
Miscellaneous water receipts 12,981 47
Connections 18,827 62
Turning water on and off 127 00
Repairs * 45 00
Extension 1,236 47
Bills receivable 105,000 00
Construction..'.. 213 18
Bonds sold 600,000 00
Interest.. 19,244 39
Total $911,482 30
„V: ; DI3BURSEXEXT9.
General maintenance $11,478 84
j Connections..: 12,688 84
Repairs 2,538 03
Meter 5.;...."..'.".....;..; . D9O 43
Extension:.... 157,189 31
Construction C 03.656 93
Interest ' 50,337 33
Bills payable..... ' 65.000 00
T0ta1..;...,.... ; $900,902 70
.: r. ; • • ■.
Bonded Debt.
The Issue of $6'H),000 of 5 per cent bond*
during the year has Increased the bonded in
debtedness of the city for water works pur
poses to $1,260,000, as follows:
Waier Co's bond* (assumed by city}.. $160,000
City bond^t, June 1, 1882 350,000
City bonds, Aug. 1, 1883... 150,000
I City bonds, April 1, 1834 600,000
Total ". $1,260,000
Tbe water company* bonds, on which the
interest is 8 per cent., are due Jan. 1, ISS9.
The other bends are due thirty years from
date. Those of 18S2 bear 4 per cent, and
those of lSß3and 1334 5 per cent interest.
Tbe annual Interest on the $1,260,000 Is
$64,300. .

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